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Home > Members' Coin Collection Galleries > Stkp > ISLAMIC: MISCELLANEOUS

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ISL_Abbasid_al-Mahdi_Album_215_1.jpg
Abbasid Caliphate. al-Mahdi (Abu Abdallah Muhammad ibn al-Mansur) (158-169 A.H. = 775-785 A.D.)13 viewsAlbum 215.1, Lowick/Savage 678, Lavoix 730

AR dirham, 2.83 g., 23.10 mm. max, 270°. Struck at the Madinat al-Salam mint (Baghdad), dated 163 A.H. (= 780 A.D.)

Obv: In the name of Allah this dirhem was minted in Madinat es-Salam in the year one and sixty and one hundred (marginal legend), There is no God except Allah. There is no partner to him. (central legend).

Rev: Muhammad is the messenger of God. He sent him with guidance and the true religion to prevail over all other religions even if the polytheists abhor it. (marginal legend = Sura 9 Verse 33), Muhammad is the Messenger of God, Gods Prayer and Salutations upon him, the Caliph al-Mahdi (central legend), pellet above and two pellets below.
Stkp
MISC_Abbasid_al-Rashid_A-219_2.JPG
Abbasid Caliphate. Harun al-Rashid (170-193A.H. = 786-809 A.D.)173 viewsAlbum 219.2, Lowick/Savage 826, Lavoix 826

AR dirham, 22-23 mm. Struck at the al-Muhammadiya mint (Reyy near today's Tehran), dated 191 A.H. (807/8 A.D.)

Obv: In The Name of God. This dirham was struck in al-Muhammadiyya in the year one and ninety and one hundred [marginal legend], around There is no diety except (the one) God alone. He has no equal [central legend].

Rev: Muhammad is the messenger of God. He sent him with guidance and the true religion to reveal it to all religions even if the polytheists abhor it [marginal legend], around Muhammad the Messenger of God [central legend], letter ha below.
Stkp
ISL_Ayyubid_Abu_Bakr_I_Album_803.jpg
Ayyubid Dynasty. Al-Adil Abu Bakr I (Al-Adil Saif al-Din Abu-Bakr Ahmed ibn Najm ad-Din Ayyub) (592-615 A.H. = 1196-1218 A.D.)44 viewsAlbum 803 (variant without central annulets)

AR dirham, 2.78 g., 21.14 mm. max, 0°. Struck at the Dimashq mint (Damascus), in 598-608 A.H. (= 1201-1211 A.D.).

Obv: Imam (= the religious leader) al-Nasir / li-Din Allah amir (= commander), on middle two lines; al-mu' / minin (= of the faithful), above and below, fleur at bottom, all within double intertwined trefoil.

Rev: al-malik (= the king) al-'Adil / Abu Bakr ibn Ayyub, on middle two lines; al-din / saif (= sword of the faith), above and below, fleur at bottom, all within double intertwined trefoil.

As is typical with this type, the marginal legends (kalima / mint and date) are off the flan.

The obverse legend cites to the Abbasid Caliph, al-Nasir li-Din Allah (575/6-622 A.H. = 1180-1225 A.D.). The reverse legend cites to the Sultan of Egypt and Syria, al-Adil Saif al-Din Abu Bakr ibn Ayyub, who was the brother of Saladin. From his honorific title Saif al-Din ("Sword of Faith"), he was known to the Crusaders as Saphadin.
Stkp
MISC_AyyubidBalog_629.JPG
Ayyubid. al-Zahir Ghazi (Governor of Halab (now Aleppo) from 581-613 A.H. = 1186-1216 A.D.)106 viewsBalog 596 or 599 ff. or 629 (in which case it was issued posthumously (614-638 A.H. = 1218-1241 A.D.)).

AR dirham, 18-22 mm. Struck at the Halab mint. Dated but the date is unreadable.

Obv: al-Imam / al-Nasir Ahmed. / al-Malik al-Adil / Abu Bakr, in four lines within hexagram. La Ilaha Illa Allah. Muhammed Rasul Allah (Kalima), in margin.

Rev: al-Malik / al-Zahir Ghazi / ibn Yusuf bin / Ayyub, in four lines within hexagram. Duribe bi-Halab sene [date], in margin.

Note: al-Zahir Ghazi was the third son of Saladin (Salah ad-Din Yusuf ibn Ayyub). The lands that he was assigned to govern were under the control of his uncle, Al-Adil I (al-Malik al-Adil Sayf al-Din Abu-Bakr ibn Ayyub), who was Saladin’s younger brother.
Stkp
ISL_Ayyubid_al-Nasir_Yusuf_II_Album_845.jpg
Ayyubid. Branch at Halab/Aleppo. al-Nasir Yusuf II (Emir of Syria, 634-658 A.H. = 1236-1260 A.D.)12 viewsAlbum 845; Balog 760

AE fals; Halab/Aleppo mint, dated 655 A.H. = A.D. per Balog but undated per Album: 2.53 g., 24.61 mm. max., 180°

Obv.: Circular line border in a dotted circle, within which there is a square in dotted square; border segment inscription and al-Malik / al-Nasir in center.

Rev.: Circular line border in a dotted circle, within which there is a square in dotted square; border segment inscription and al-Imam / al-Musta'sim in center.

Attribution courtesy of newcoins and legends courtesy of mazdaro.
1 commentsStkp
ISL_Ayyubid_Al_Zahir_Ghazi_Ghiyath.jpg
Ayyubids, Branch at Aleppo (Halab), al-Zahir Ghiyath al-Din Ghazi ibn Yusuf (al-Zahir Ghazi) (emir of Aleppo 1186-1216 A.D = 582-613 A.H.)5 viewsBalog 671, 674 or 676, most probably Balog 674; Album 838.4

AE fals, Halab mint, dated 604 A.H. = 1207/08 A.D., 607 A.H. = 1210/11 A.D. or 609 A.H. = 1211/12 A.D., most likely 607 A.H. (scarce with legible date, per Album); 4.39 g., 23.08 mm. max. 180°

Obv.: Border of pellets within which is an eight-pointed star, within which is an eight-pointed star of pellets; al-malik / al-Zahir in two lines in center; mint and date (counterclockwise) in margin segments.

Rev.: Border of pellets within which is an eight-pointed star, within which is an eight-pointed star of pellets; al-imam / al-Nasir (refering to caliph al-Nasir [1180-1225 A.D. = 575-622 A.H.]) in two lines in center; Kalima (counterclockwise) in margin segments.

al-Zahir Ghazi was the third son of al-Nasir Salah al-Din Yusuf ibn Ayyub (Saladin) (1169-1193 A.D. = 564-589 A.H.), the first sultan of Egypt and Syria and founder of the Ayyubid dynasty.

Album rarity C

Dating assistance courtesy of Alex Koifman.
Stkp
ISL_Ghaznavids_Mahmud.png
Ghaznavids. Yamin al-Dawla Abu'l-Qasim Mahmud (998-1030 A.D. / 388-421 A.H.)44 viewsAlbum 1611.1

AR (broad) dirham, Nishapur (Naysabur) mint, date off flan. 20 mm.

Obv: (Kufic) La Ilaha Illa / Allah WahDahu / La Sharik Lahu (Kalima Shahada in three lines) [= There is no god except Allah; He is Alone/Unique, there is no partner to Him], Adil [= Justice] above, symbol below. Margin [?]: bism allah duriba hadha’l-dirham bi- Naysabur sana [date off flan]" [= “in the name of God this dirham was struck in the year [off flan].”

Rev: (Kufic) Lillah [= for Allah] / Muhammad Rasool Allah [=Muhammad is the prophet of Allah] / Al-Qadir Billah [= name of the Abbassid Caliph overlord] / Yamin Al-Dawlah wa Amin al-Milla [= Mahmud's title, meaning Right Hand of the Empire]. Margin _______.

Ghaznavid dirhams were usually struck on planchets that were smaller than the dies, so that the marginal legends are frequently off the flan.

The Ghaznavids started as Turkish mamluk (slave) governors of the Samanids in the Afghanistan area around Ghazna. They became independent of the Samanids in 999 A.D. (389 A.H.). Mahmud greatly expanded the Ghaznavid empire beyond Afghanistan. He expanded his territory into Pakistan from Sind to Peshawar. His forays went as far as Mathura in India. The dynasty ended in 1186 A.D. (582 A.H.), when it was conquered by the Ghorids.

Attribution assistance from Vladimir Belyaev and Alex Koifman.
Stkp
MISC_Ottoman_Bayezid_I_akce_Album_1291.JPG
Ottoman Empire. Bayezid I Yildirim (“the Thunderbolt”) (791-805 A.H. = 1389-1402 A.D.)65 viewsAlbum 1291, Sreckovic I 3.

AR akche dated 792 A.H. = 1390 A.D. (immobilized date), no mint, 13.5-15 mm.

Obv: Bayezid bin / Murad [= Bayezid son of Murad], in two lines within circle, divided horizontally by a straight line.

Rev: Hullide Mülkehn [May his kingdom flourish] /sene [= year] / 792, in three lines within circle and pearl border, with the second line designed as a divider line.
Stkp
MISC_Ottoman_Mehmet_II_akce_Album_1308_3.JPG
Ottoman Empire. Mehmet II el-Fatih (“the Conqueror”) (2nd reign; 855-886 A.H. = 1451-1481 A.D.)76 viewsAlbum 1308.3, Sreckovic III 134, Sultan type 3-180.

AR akche dated 875 A.H. = 1470/71 A.D., Constantinople (Konstantiniye) mint, 11-12 mm.

Obv: Mehmed bin / Murad han / azze nasruhu / 875 (= Mehmed son of / Lord Murad / may his victory be glorious / 875), pellet in field, all within a circle.

Rev: khallada / mulkahu duriba be / Konstantiniye (may his kingdom / flourish, struck in / Constantinople), within a circle.
Stkp
MISC_Ottoman_Murad_II_Akche_Edirne_834.JPG
Ottoman Empire. Murad II (1st reign; 824-848 A.H. = 1421-1444/45 A.D.)148 viewsAlbum 1302.3, Sreckovic I 52 (obverse C*x, reverse VI), Pere 59.

AR akçe dated 834 A.H. = 1430/31 A.D., Edirne (formerly Adrianople) mint, 13-14 mm.

Obv: Murad bin / Mehmed Han [= Murad son of Mehmed Han] in upper and lower semicircles, 83 on left / 4 on right [= 834 A.H.], star in center, all within an encircling line and pearl border.

Rev: Hullide Mülkühü [an abbreviated form of Halledallahü Mülkehü used on smaller coins = God protects the ruler’s property] in upper semicircle / Duri be Edirne [= minted in Edirne] in lower semicircle, all within an encircling line and pearl border.

The word “akçe” is derived from the Greek aspron (= white), the name of a Byzantine silver or billon coin, that was current in the region that eventually became the Ottoman Empire. The akçe is therefore sometimes called “asper” in English sources. When this coin was minted, there were 260 akçes per 100 dirhams and the nominal weight of the akçe was 1.18 gr. Pamuk, Sevket. A Monetary History of the Ottoman Empire (Cambridge University Press 2004), Table 3.1 at 46.

References: Album, Stephen A. A Checklist of Islamic Coins (Santa Rosa 1998); Sreckovic, Slobodan. Akches Vol. One, (Osman Gazi – Murad II), 699-848 A.H. (Belgrade 1999); Pere, Nuri. Osmanlilarda Madeni Paralar (Istanbul 1968).

Attribution assistance courtesy of Slobodan Sreckovic and Don Robinson
1 commentsStkp
ISL_Zangid_of_Syria_Balog_329_al-‘Adil_Zangi~0.jpg
Seljuq of Rum. Sultan Ala ad-Din Kayqubad I b. Kaykhusraw (616-634 A.H = 1220-1237 A.D.), citing Abbasid Caliph al-Mansur al-Mustansir (623-640 A.H. = 1226-1242 A.D.)12 viewsAlbum 1213.3; Izmirlier __; Album 1213.3

AE fals (inscriptional type); undated and without mint: 3.49 g., 22.75 mm. max., 90°

Obv.: Border of dots, Ala ad-Din Kayqubad in three lines.

Rev.: Border of dots, al-Imam al-Mustansir billah in three lines

Attribution courtesy of mazdaro.
1 commentsStkp
ISL_Umayyid_anonymous_fals_Album_151.png
Umayyad Caliphate14 viewsAlbum 153, Walker 633, BMC ArabByz 622

AE post-reform anonymous fals. Syrian type, assumed to have been minted 78-85 A.H. / 698-705 A.D. in the reign of 'Abd al-Malek. Undated, no mint and standard legends. 2.66 g., 17.82 mm. max., 90°

Obv: la Ilaha / illa Allah / wahdah (= There is no god but Allah) in three lines within double circle, star to left [?].

Rev: Muhammed / rasul / Allah (= Muhammad is the prophet of Allah), in three lines within circle.
Stkp
MISC_Umayyad.JPG
Umayyad Caliphate. 84 viewscf. Walker 790-792, cf. Bones Halab 3.1

AE post-reform anonymous fals (22-23 mm.), struck at the Halab (Aleppo) mint after ca. 90 A.H. (= 708 A.D.)

Obv: la Ilaha / illa Allah / wahdah (= There is no god but Allah) in three lines within double circle.

Rev: Muhammed / rasul / Allah (= Muhammad is the prophet of Allah), in three lines within circle. Bism Allah duriba hadha l-fals bi-Halab waf around margin (possibly blundered).

Note: The Umayyad falus were essentially a local civic coinage struck under several governors and local officials with very few, if any, struck by order of the Caliphs.
Stkp
ISL_Umayyad_post_reform_fals_Walker_BMC_812.jpg
Umayyad Caliphate. Anonymous (Post Reform) (77-132 A.H., 696 -750 A.D.)7 viewsWalker BMC 812-815; Album 174

AE fals, Domashq/Damascus mint, undated; 1.94 g., 15.92 mm. max.

Obv.: Six-petal flower in circle, Arabic script around.

Rev.: Pentagram in circle, Arabic script around.
Stkp
ISL_Umayyad_post_reform_fals_Walker_BMC_850.jpg
Umayyad Caliphate. Anonymous (Post Reform) (77-132 A.H., 696 -750 A.D.)9 viewsWalker BMC 850; SNAT Palastina 45-54. Album 185

AE fals, al-Ramla mint, undated; 2.84 g., 19.46 mm. max., 180°

Obv.: la Ilaha / illa Allah / wahdah (= There is no god but Allah) in three lines within double circle with striations.

Rev.: Muhammed / rasul / Allah (= Muhammad is the prophet of Allah), in three lines within circle, tree to right; Arabic inscription circling.
Stkp
ISL_Zangid_of_Syria_Balog_329_al-‘Adil_Zangi.jpg
Zangid of Syria. al-‘Adil Zangi (of Sinjar), in Halab/Aleppo only (577-579 A.H. = 1181-1183 A.D.)11 viewsBalog 329 (Ayyubid, al-‘Adil Abu Bakr); Album 1855

AE fals; Halab/Aleppo mint, dated 578 A.H. = 1182/3 A.D.: 3.23 g., 19.77 mm. max., 0°

Obv. Dotted border. al-Malik / al-'Adil, in Kufic script.

Rev.: Two dotted borders, Kufic circular legend between; al-Imam / al-Nasir. in Kufic script in center.

Album rarity RR

Attribution courtesy of mazdaro.
1 commentsStkp
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