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Home > Members' Coin Collection Galleries > Stkp > HUNGARY: Sigismund of Luxembourg (1387-1437) and Albert (1437-1439)

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HUN_Zsigmond_Huszar_576_Pohl_117--.jpg
Huszár 576, Pohl 117--, Unger 449-, Réthy II 121, Frynas H.27.418 viewsHungary. Zsigmond/Sigismund of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437).

AR denar, .48 g., 13.60 mm. max., 0°

Obv: mOn • SIG-ISmVnDI, Patriarchal cross.

Rev: + REGIS • VnGARIE ETC, Four-part shield (Árpádian stripes and Brandenburg eagle), H [?] above.
The type was struck in 1390-1427. The mintmark appears to be an H, which is not listed in any of the catalogs, nor recorded for any other coins struck under Zsigmond.

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4; Unger value 8 DM; Frynas rarity rating C.

This emission was struck with a fineness of 0.582 silver and an average weight of 0.51 g. (per Huszár). However, Engel notes that in 1390 Sigismund was able to temporarily restore the stability of the denar by the issuance of this new emission, which was referred to as nova moneta. For thirteen years the value of the denar remained stable, and 100 were the equivalent of the aranyforint. In 1403 debasement occurred, and 130 were the equivalent of the aranyforint. The debasements continued, so that by 1406 the price of an aranyforint was 160 denars, it was 200 in 1421, 225 in 1423 and 320 in 1426.
Stkp
HUN_Zsigmond_Huszar_576_Pohl_117-11.jpg
Huszár 576, Pohl 117-11, Unger 449c, Réthy II 121, Frynas H.27.419 viewsHungary. Sigismund (Zsigmond, in Hun.) of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437).

AR denar, .47 g., 14.20 mm. max., 270°

Obv: mOn • SIG-ISmVnDI, Patriarchal cross.

Rev: + REGIS VnGISmVnDI, Four-part shield (Árpádian stripes and Brandenburg eagle), • above.

The type was struck in 1390-1427.

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4. Erroneous legend on reverse (should be, + REGIS VnGARIE ETC, but is a conflation of the obverse and reverse legends).

This emission was struck with a fineness of 0.582 silver and an average weight of 0.51 g. (per Huszár). However, Engel notes that in 1390 Sigismund was able to temporarily restore the stability of the denar by the issuance of this new emission, which was referred to as nova moneta. For thirteen years the value of the denar remained stable, and 100 were the equivalent of the aranyforint. In 1403 debasement occurred, and 130 were the equivalent of the aranyforint. The debasements continued, so that by 1406 the price of an aranyforint was 160 denars, it was 200 in 1421, 225 in 1423 and 320 in 1426.
Stkp
HUN_Zsigmond_Huszar_576_Pohl_117-16.jpg
Huszár 576, Pohl 117-16, Unger 449β, Réthy II 121, Frynas H.27.426 viewsHungary. Sigismund (Zsigmond, in Hun.) of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437).

AR denar, 49 g., 14.16 mm. max., 90°

Obv: mOn SIG-ISmVnDI, Patriarchal cross, n in lowest right corner.

Rev: + • REGIS VnGARIE ETC •, Four-part shield (Árpádian stripes and Brandenburg eagle), m above.

The type was struck in 1390-1427. This privy mark was struck in 1399-1405 in Nagybánya (now Baia Mare, Romania) by Marcus of Nurenberg, oberkammergraf.
Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4. Unrecorded variety (no pellet between words on obverse; pellets with style of A on reverse).

This emission was struck with a fineness of 0.582 silver and an average weight of 0.51 g. (per Huszár). However, Engel notes that in 1390 Sigismund was able to temporarily restore the stability of the denar by the issuance of this new emission, which was referred to as nova moneta. For thirteen years the value of the denar remained stable, and 100 were the equivalent of the aranyforint. In 1403 debasement occurred, and 130 were the equivalent of the aranyforint. The debasements continued, so that by 1406 the price of an aranyforint was 160 denars, it was 200 in 1421, 225 in 1423 and 320 in 1426.
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HUN_Zsigmond_Huszar_576_Pohl_117-43.jpg
Huszár 576, Pohl 117-43, Unger 449d, Réthy II 121, Frynas H.27.441 viewsHungary. Sigismund (Zsigmond, in Hun.) of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437).

AR denar, .54 g., 14.03 mm. max., 90°

Obv: mOn • SIG-ISmVnDI, Patriarchal cross.

Rev: + REGIS VnGARIE ETC, Four-part shield (Árpádian stripes and Brandenburg eagle), •• above.
The type was struck in 1390-1427.

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4

This emission was struck with a fineness of 0.582 silver and an average weight of 0.51 g. (per Huszár). However, Engel notes that in 1390 Sigismund was able to temporarily restore the stability of the denar by the issuance of this new emission, which was referred to as nova moneta. For thirteen years the value of the denar remained stable, and 100 were the equivalent of the aranyforint. In 1403 debasement occurred, and 130 were the equivalent of the aranyforint. The debasements continued, so that by 1406 the price of an aranyforint was 160 denars, it was 200 in 1421, 225 in 1423 and 320 in 1426.
1 commentsStkp
HUN_Zsigmund_Huszar_578_Pohl_118-9_#2.jpg
Huszár 578, Pohl 118-9, Unger 450c, Réthy II 124A, Fryas H.27.6 # 2 37 viewsHungary. Sigismund/Zsigmond of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437).

AR denar (nominal fineness 0.540 AR; average weight 0.77 g.), .72 g., 16.12 mm. max., 90°.

Obv: mO•n • SIG—ISmVnDI, Patriarchal cross, K—L (privy mark) between arms.

Rev: + REGI[S] • VnGARIE ETC, Shield with Árpádian stripes.

The type was struck in 1427-1437. This privy mark was struck in 1436 in Kremnitz/Körmöcbánya, now Kremnica, Slovakia, by Leonardo Bardi-Noffry, kammergraf, or Petrus Lang, kammergraf.

Huszár/Pohl rarity 4, Unger value 6 DM, Frynas rarity C. The descriptions and depictions vary amongst the references with respect to the presence or absence of a cross on the reverse and the placement of pellets in the legends. This is a variation that is neither described nor depicted in any of the references, in that there is not a pellet between the ET and the C on the reverse.

This emission was struck with a nominal fineness of 0.540 silver and an average weight of 0.77 g., which is the same fineness and weight as its predecessor (per Huszár). However, Engel notes that Sigismund introduced this emission as a monetary reform, to address the deterioration in value of that earlier emission. The new emission, then called the “new greater money,” had the value of 100 to the aranyforint, and maintained its value until Sigismund’s death. In 1387, the bishop of Transylvania, who had long been reluctant to collect the tithe due to the poor quality of the coinage, demanded that all arrears be paid – and in this new currency. The result was a peasant revolt!

“Owing to inner strife and disordered general conditions, the coins [of this period] were usually minted with extremely low precious metal content; moreover, poor mintages were often struck with negligently engraved dies. As a result of the hurried, superficial minting, it was sometimes doubtful whether a faulty coin had been issued officially, or was a forgery” (Huszár 1963, at 15).
Stkp
HUN_Zsigmond_Huszar_580_Pohl_119-1.jpg
Huszár 580, Pohl 119-1, Unger 451a, Réthy II 125A37 viewsHungary. Sigismund (Zsigmond, in Hun.) of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437). AR parvus, .29 g., 11.62 mm. max.

Obv: Four-part shield (Árpádian stripes and eagle), S—V—R above and flanking.

Rev: Cross with four crowns between its arms.

The type was struck in 1387-1427 (per Pohl, Huszár & Unger, although this emission terminated in 1410 per Engel).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4.

The parvus (also called the “small denar” fillér or pankart) was struck with an average nominal fineness of 0.353 silver. Because of many worn out and counterfeit coins it was pulled from circulation after 1427 (per Huszár). Although not specifically discussed in this context in Engel, the parvus must have experienced the same rampant debasement as the denar did.

“Owing to inner strife and disordered general conditions, the coins [of this period] were usually minted with extremely low precious metal content; moreover, poor mintages were often struck with negligently engraved dies. As a result of the hurried, superficial minting, it was sometimes doubtful whether a faulty coin had been issued officially, or was a forgery” (Huszár 1963, at 15).

This emission is typically struck on a small flan. This coin is unusually well struck for the type.
Stkp
HUN_Zsigmund_parvus_Huszar_580_Pohl_119-11.jpg
Huszár 580, Pohl 119-11, Unger 455r, Réthy II 125A, Frynas H.27.810 viewsHungary. Sigismund/Zsigmond of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437)

AR parvus; .45 g., 10.20 mm. max,

Obv: Four-part shield (Árpádian stripes and eagle), S—V—R above and flanking, L above to right.

Rev: Cross with four crowns between its arms.

The type was struck in 1387-1427 (Huszár, Pohl, Unger, Frynas and Gyöngyössy, although the terminated in 1410 per Engel), this privy mark was struck at Lippa, now Lipova, Romania.

The parvus (also called the “small denar” fillér or pankart) was struck with an average nominal fineness of 0.353 silver. Because of many worn out and counterfeit coins it was pulled from circulation after 1427 (per Huszár). Although not specifically discussed in this context in Engel, the parvus must have experienced the same rampant debasement as the denar did.

Huszár/Pohl rarity 4; Frynas rarity C.
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HUN_Zsigmond_Huszar_580_Pohl_119-14.JPG
Huszár 580, Pohl 119-14, Unger 451u, Réthy II 125A49 viewsHungary. Sigismund (Zsigmond, in Hun.) of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437). AR parvus, 10 mm.

Obv: Four-part shield (Árpádian stripes and eagle), S—V—R above and flanking, o to the left of the S (privy mark).

Rev: Cross with four crowns between its arms.

The type was struck in 1387-1427 (per Pohl, Huszár & Unger, although this emission terminated in 1410 per Engel) at Offenbánya (now, Baia de Arieș, Romania) (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4.

The parvus (also called the “small denar” fillér or pankart) was struck with an average nominal fineness of 0.353 silver. Because of many worn out and counterfeit coins it was pulled from circulation after 1427 (per Huszár). Although not specifically discussed in this context in Engel, the parvus must have experienced the same rampant debasement as the denar did.

“Owing to inner strife and disordered general conditions, the coins [of this period] were usually minted with extremely low precious metal content; moreover, poor mintages were often struck with negligently engraved dies. As a result of the hurried, superficial minting, it was sometimes doubtful whether a faulty coin had been issued officially, or was a forgery” (Huszár 1963, at 15). This emission is typically struck on a small flan.
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HUN_Zsigmond_Huszar_580_Pohl_119-46.JPG
Huszár 580, Pohl 119-46, Unger 451ζ, Réthy II 125A50 viewsHungary. Sigismund (Zsigmond, in Hun.) of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437). AR parvus, 10 mm.

Obv: Four-part shield (Árpádian stripes and eagle), S—V—R above and flanking, I-C flanking the S (privy mark).

Rev: Cross with four crowns between its arms.

The type was struck in 1387-1427 (per Pohl, Huszár & Unger, although this emission terminated in 1410 per Engel). This privy mark was struck at Kassa (now, Košice, Slovakia) by Jacobus and Christianus before 1410 (per Pohl), who also states that they were joint kammergraffen at Kassa under Maria from 1385-1387, suggesting that this coin was struck early in Sigismund’s reign.

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4.

The parvus (also called the “small denar” fillér or pankart) was struck with an average nominal fineness of 0.353 silver. Because of many worn out and counterfeit coins it was pulled from circulation after 1427 (per Huszár). Although not specifically discussed in this context in Engel, the parvus must have experienced the same rampant debasement as the denar did.

“Owing to inner strife and disordered general conditions, the coins [of this period] were usually minted with extremely low precious metal content; moreover, poor mintages were often struck with negligently engraved dies. As a result of the hurried, superficial minting, it was sometimes doubtful whether a faulty coin had been issued officially, or was a forgery” (Huszár 1963, at 15). This emission is typically struck on a small flan.
Stkp
HUN_Zsigmond_Huszar_580_Pohl_119-58.jpg
Huszár 580, Pohl 119-58, Unger 451gg, Réthy II 125A14 viewsHungary. Sigismund (Zsigmond, in Hun.) of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437). AR parvus, .29 g., 9.77 mm. max.

Obv: Four-part shield (Árpádian stripes and eagle), S—V—R above and flanking.

Rev: Cross with four crowns between its arms, r-B (privy mark) flanking the S.

The type was struck in 1387-1427 (per Pohl, Huszár & Unger, although this emission terminated in 1410 per Engel).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4.

The parvus (also called the “small denar” fillér or pankart) was struck with an average nominal fineness of 0.353 silver. Because of many worn out and counterfeit coins it was pulled from circulation after 1427 (per Huszár). Although not specifically discussed in this context in Engel, the parvus must have experienced the same rampant debasement as the denar did.

“Owing to inner strife and disordered general conditions, the coins [of this period] were usually minted with extremely low precious metal content; moreover, poor mintages were often struck with negligently engraved dies. As a result of the hurried, superficial minting, it was sometimes doubtful whether a faulty coin had been issued officially, or was a forgery” (Huszár 1963, at 15).

This emission is typically struck on a small flan.
Stkp
HUN_Zsigmond_Huszar_580_Pohl_119-29_2.JPG
Huszár 580, Pohl 119-72, Unger 451ll, Réthy II 125A48 viewsHungary. Sigismund (Zsigmond, in Hun.) of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437). AR parvus, 8x10 mm.

Obv: Four-part shield (Árpádian stripes and eagle), S—V—R above and flanking, symbols to the left and right of the S (privy mark).

Rev: Cross with four crowns between its arms.

The type was struck in 1387-1427 (per Pohl, Huszár & Unger, although this emission terminated in 1410 per Engel). This privy mark was struck in Buda (now Budapest) by Onofrio Bardi, kammergraf, from 1418-1424 (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4.

The parvus (also called the “small denar” fillér or pankart) was struck with an average nominal fineness of 0.353 silver. Because of many worn out and counterfeit coins it was pulled from circulation after 1427 (per Huszár). Although not specifically discussed in this context in Engel, the parvus must have experienced the same rampant debasement as the denar did.

“Owing to inner strife and disordered general conditions, the coins [of this period] were usually minted with extremely low precious metal content; moreover, poor mintages were often struck with negligently engraved dies. As a result of the hurried, superficial minting, it was sometimes doubtful whether a faulty coin had been issued officially, or was a forgery” (Huszár 1963, at 15). This emission is typically struck on a small flan.
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HUN_Zsigmond_Huszar_580_Pohl_119-8_2.JPG
Huszár 580, Pohl 119-8.2, Unger 451o, Réthy II 125A48 viewsHungary. Sigismund (Zsigmond, in Hun.) of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437). AR parvus, 10 mm.

Obv: Four-part shield (Árpádian stripes and eagle), S—V—R above and flanking, h to the right of the S (privy mark).

Rev: Cross with four crowns between its arms.

The type was struck in 1387-1427 (per Pohl, Huszár & Unger, although this emission terminated in 1410 per Engel) at Nagyszeben, in Transylvania (Hermannstadt, in German, which is why the privy mark is an ‘h”; now, Sibiu, Romania) (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4.

The parvus (also called the “small denar” fillér or pankart) was struck with an average nominal fineness of 0.353 silver. Because of many worn out and counterfeit coins it was pulled from circulation after 1427 (per Huszár). Although not specifically discussed in this context in Engel, the parvus must have experienced the same rampant debasement as the denar did.

“Owing to inner strife and disordered general conditions, the coins [of this period] were usually minted with extremely low precious metal content; moreover, poor mintages were often struck with negligently engraved dies. As a result of the hurried, superficial minting, it was sometimes doubtful whether a faulty coin had been issued officially, or was a forgery” (Huszár 1963, at 15). This emission is typically struck on a small flan.
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HUN_Zsigmund_parvus_Huszar_580_Pohl_119-84_Unger_451_.jpg
Huszár 580, Pohl 119-84, Unger 451_, Réthy II 125A, Frynas H.27.89 viewsHungary. Sigismund/Zsigmond of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437)

AR parvus; .33 g., 10.15 mm. max., 180°

Obv: Four-part shield (Árpádian stripes and eagle), S—V—R above and flanking.

Rev: Cross with four crowns between its arms, r in upper cross arms.

The type was struck in 1387-1427 (Huszár, Pohl, Unger, Frynas and Gyöngyössy, although the type terminated in 1410 per Engel). This privy mark is listed in Huszár and Pohl but not in Unger.

The parvus (also called the “small denar” fillér or pankart) was struck with an average nominal fineness of 0.353 silver. Because of many worn out and counterfeit coins it was pulled from circulation after 1427 (per Huszár). Although not specifically discussed in this context in Engel, the parvus must have experienced the same rampant debasement as the denar did.

Huszár/Pohl rarity 4; Frynas rarity C.
Stkp
HUN_Zsigmund_parvus_Huszar_580_Pohl_119-86.jpg
Huszár 580, Pohl 119-86, Unger 451j or νν, Réthy II 125A, Frynas H.27.810 viewsHungary. Sigismund/Zsigmond of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437)

AR parvus; .22 g., 9.55 mm. max,, 0°

Obv: Four-part shield (Árpádian stripes and eagle), S—V—R above and flanking.

Rev: Cross with four crowns, monogram between the upper arms.

The type was struck in 1387-1427 (Huszár, Pohl, Unger, Frynas and Gyöngyössy, although the terminated in 1410 per Engel), this privy mark was struck by Ulrich Kamerer (per Pohl).

The parvus (also called the “small denar” fillér or pankart) was struck with an average nominal fineness of 0.353 silver. Because of many worn out and counterfeit coins it was pulled from circulation after 1427 (per Huszár). Although not specifically discussed in this context in Engel, the parvus must have experienced the same rampant debasement as the denar did.

Huszár/Pohl rarity 4; Frynas rarity C.
1 commentsStkp
HUN_Zsigmund_parvus_Huszar_580_Pohl_119-__Unger_451_#969;_#969;.jpg
Huszár 580, Pohl 119-_, Unger 451ωω, Réthy II 125A, Frynas H.27.813 viewsHungary. Sigismund/Zsigmond of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437)

AR parvus; .34 g., 12.08 mm. max.

Obv: Four-part shield (Árpádian stripes and eagle), S—V—R above and flanking, •• below.

Rev: Cross with four crowns between its arms.

The type was struck in 1387-1427 (Huszár, Pohl, Unger, Frynas and Gyöngyössy, although the type terminated in 1410 per Engel). This privy mark is listed in Huszár and Unger but not in Pohl.

The parvus (also called the “small denar” fillér or pankart) was struck with an average nominal fineness of 0.353 silver. Because of many worn out and counterfeit coins it was pulled from circulation after 1427 (per Huszár). Although not specifically discussed in this context in Engel, the parvus must have experienced the same rampant debasement as the denar did.

Huszár/Pohl rarity 4; Frynas rarity C. This type is typically struck on a small flan. This specimen is unusually well and fully struck for the type.
1 commentsStkp
HUN_Zsigmond_Huszar_581_2.JPG
Huszár 581, Pohl 120, Unger 453, Réthy II 125B63 viewsHungary. Sigismund (Zsigmond, in Hun.) of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437). AR parvus, 11-12 mm.

Obv: Four-part shield (Árpádian stripes and eagle), S—[V—R] above and flanking.

Rev: Cross with M and three crowns between its arms.

The type was struck in 1404-1405 (per Pohl, Huszár & Unger) in Buda (now Budapest) by Markus von Nürnberg, oberkammergraf (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 5.

The parvus (also called the “small denar” fillér or pankart) was struck with an average nominal fineness of 0.353 silver. Because of many worn out and counterfeit coins it was pulled from circulation after 1427 (per Huszár). Although not specifically discussed in this context in Engel, the parvus must have experienced the same rampant debasement as the denar did.

“Owing to inner strife and disordered general conditions, the coins [of this period] were usually minted with extremely low precious metal content; moreover, poor mintages were often struck with negligently engraved dies. As a result of the hurried, superficial minting, it was sometimes doubtful whether a faulty coin had been issued officially, or was a forgery” (Huszár 1963, at 15).
Stkp
HUN_Zsigmund_ducat_Huszar_584_Pohl_123-4.jpg
Huszár 584, Pohl 123-4, Unger 455d, Réthy II 128, Frynas H.27.1225 viewsHungary. Sigismund/Zsigmond of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437)

AR ducat (= 1/4 denar; average fineness .181‰; average weight .22 g.); .34 g., 11.16 mm. max,. 180°

Obv: Patriarchal cross, K-C [retrograde] between arms.

Rev: Standing nimbate St. Ladislaus with halberd and globus cruciger.

The type was struck in 1427-1430 (per Huszár, Pohl, Unger, Frynas and Gyöngyössy). This privy mark is a civic mark struck in Kremnitz/Körmöcbánya, now Kremnica, Slovakia (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity 4; Frynas rarity C.
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HUN_Zsigmund_ducat_Huszar_584_Pohl_123-7_.jpg
Huszár 584, Pohl 123-7, Unger 455g, Réthy II 128, Frynas H.27.1213 viewsHungary. Sigismund/Zsigmond of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437)

AR ducat (= 1/4 denar; average fineness .181‰; average weight .22 g.); .27 g., 12.13 mm. max,. 90°

Obv: Patriarchal cross, K-R between arms.

Rev: Standing nimbate St. Ladislaus with halberd and globus cruciger.

The type was struck in 1427-1430 (per Huszár, Pohl, Unger, Frynas and Gyöngyössy). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz/Körmöcbánya, now Kremnica, Slovakia, in 1428 by Petrus Reichel, kammergraf (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity 4; Frynas rarity C.
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HUN_Zsigmund_ducat_Huszar_584Pohl_123-9.jpg
Huszár 584, Pohl 123-_, Unger 455_, Réthy II 128, Frynas H.27.1214 viewsHungary. Sigismund/Zsigmond of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437)

AR ducat (= 1/4 denar; average fineness .181‰; average weight .22 g.); .28 g., 11.15mm. max, 270°

Obv: Patriarchal cross, L-I between arms.

Rev: Standing nimbate St. Ladislaus with halberd and globus cruciger.

The type was struck in 1427-1430 (per Huszár, Pohl, Unger, Frynas and Gyöngyössy). This privy mark is not recorded in Huszár, Pohl or Unger. It was probably struck at Lippa, now Lipova, Romania.

Huszár/Pohl rarity 4; Frynas rarity C.
1 commentsStkp
HUN_Zsigmund_Huszar_586,_Pohl_124-__2.JPG
Huszár 586, Pohl 124- , Unger 456 , Réthy II 129 94 viewsHungary. Sigismund (Zsigmond in Hun.) of Luxemburg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437). Billon quarting, 12-13 mm.

Obv: Patriarchal cross, I–symbol (privy mark) in central fields.

Rev: Crown

The type was struck in 1430-1437 (per Pohl, Huszár & Unger). This privy mark was struck in Pozsony (now Bratislava, Slovakia) (per Pohl), known as Istropolis in the middle ages (hence the I in the mark), but the precise combination of marks is unlisted.

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 3. This privy mark is unrecorded.

“Owing to inner strife and disordered general conditions, the coins [of this period] were usually minted with extremely low precious metal content; moreover, poor mintages were often struck with negligently engraved dies. As a result of the hurried, superficial minting, it was sometimes doubtful whether a faulty coin had been issued officially, or was a forgery” (Huszár 1963, at 15).

The quarting (also known as the fryling and as a moneta minor) was originally worth a quarter of a denar, but it “soon fell victim to the manipulations of the treasury. Its fineness decreased at such a rate that soon it contained almost nothing but copper. The result was economic anarchy. Trust in these silver coins was irreparably damaged, and, although the government officially devalued the quarting several times, its market value fell even more drastically. In the last years of Sigismund’s reign, 6,000 to 8,000 quartings were equivalent to one florin instead of the original 400” (Engel, 223-224)
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HUN_Zsigmund_quarting_Huszár_586_Pohl_124-44.jpg
Huszár 586, Pohl 124-44, Unger 456h, Réthy II 129, Frynas H.27.1416 viewsHungary. Sigismund/Zsigmond of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437)

Billon quarting, .47 g., 13.19 mm. max., 180°

Obv: Patriarchal cross, n--n in central fields.

Rev: Crown

The type was struck in 1430-1437 (per Pohl, Huszár, Unger and Frynas). This privy mark was struck in Nagybánya/now Baia Mare, Romania, under a collective authority (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity 3; Frynas rarity C.

“Owing to inner strife and disordered general conditions, the coins [of this period] were usually minted with extremely low precious metal content; moreover, poor mintages were often struck with negligently engraved dies. As a result of the hurried, superficial minting, it was sometimes doubtful whether a faulty coin had been issued officially, or was a forgery” (Huszár 1963, at 15).

The quarting (also known as the fryling and as a moneta minor) was originally worth a quarter of a denar, but it “soon fell victim to the manipulations of the treasury. Its fineness decreased at such a rate that soon it contained almost nothing but copper. The result was economic anarchy. Trust in these silver coins was irreparably damaged, and, although the government officially devalued the quarting several times, its market value fell even more drastically. In the last years of Sigismund’s reign, 6,000 to 8,000 quartings were equivalent to one florin instead of the original 400” (Engel, at 223-224).
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HUN_Zsigmund_Huszar_586_Pohl_124-55.JPG
Huszár 586, Pohl 124-55, Unger 456hh, Réthy II 129 48 viewsHungary. Sigismund (Zsigmond in Hun.) of Luxemburg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437). Billon quarting, 13 mm.

Obv: Patriarchal cross, S–P (privy mark) in central fields.

Rev: Crown

The type was struck in 1430-1437 (per Pohl, Huszár & Unger). This privy mark was struck in Segesvár, Transylvania (now Sighișoara, Romania) (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 3. This specimen is of a better strike than many.

“Owing to inner strife and disordered general conditions, the coins [of this period] were usually minted with extremely low precious metal content; moreover, poor mintages were often struck with negligently engraved dies. As a result of the hurried, superficial minting, it was sometimes doubtful whether a faulty coin had been issued officially, or was a forgery” (Huszár 1963, at 15).

The quarting (also known as the fryling and as a moneta minor) was originally worth a quarter of a denar, but it “soon fell victim to the manipulations of the treasury. Its fineness decreased at such a rate that soon it contained almost nothing but copper. The result was economic anarchy. Trust in these silver coins was irreparably damaged, and, although the government officially devalued the quarting several times, its market value fell even more drastically. In the last years of Sigismund’s reign, 6,000 to 8,000 quartings were equivalent to one florin instead of the original 400” (Engel, 223-224).
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HUN_Zsigmund_quarting_Huszár_586_Pohl_124-9.jpg
Huszár 586, Pohl 124-9, Unger 456v, Réthy II 129, Frynas H.27.1412 viewsHungary. Sigismund/Zsigmond of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437)

Billon quarting, .50 g., 14.21 mm. max., 90°

Obv: Patriarchal cross, A--n in central fields.

Rev: Crown

The type was struck in 1430-1437 (per Pohl, Huszár, Unger and Frynas). This privy mark was struck in Székesfehérvár (per Poh).

Huszár/Pohl rarity 3; Frynas rarity C.

“Owing to inner strife and disordered general conditions, the coins [of this period] were usually minted with extremely low precious metal content; moreover, poor mintages were often struck with negligently engraved dies. As a result of the hurried, superficial minting, it was sometimes doubtful whether a faulty coin had been issued officially, or was a forgery” (Huszár 1963, at 15).

The quarting (also known as the fryling and as a moneta minor) was originally worth a quarter of a denar, but it “soon fell victim to the manipulations of the treasury. Its fineness decreased at such a rate that soon it contained almost nothing but copper. The result was economic anarchy. Trust in these silver coins was irreparably damaged, and, although the government officially devalued the quarting several times, its market value fell even more drastically. In the last years of Sigismund’s reign, 6,000 to 8,000 quartings were equivalent to one florin instead of the original 400” (Engel, at 223-224).
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HUN_Zsigmund_quarting_Huszár_586_Pohl_124-__Unger_456__2.jpg
Huszár 586, Pohl 124-_, Unger 456_, Réthy II 129, Frynas H.27.1411 viewsHungary. Sigismund/Zsigmond of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437)

Billon quarting, .31 g., 12.56 mm. max., 0°

Obv: Patriarchal cross, P--uncertain privy mark in central fields.

Rev: Crown

The type was struck in 1430-1437 (per Pohl, Huszár, Unger and Frynas). This privy mark was struck in Kassa (now Košice, Slovakia) (per Pohl & Huszár). This privy mark is not listed in Pohl, Huszár and Unger.

Huszár/Pohl rarity 3; Frynas rarity C.

“Owing to inner strife and disordered general conditions, the coins [of this period] were usually minted with extremely low precious metal content; moreover, poor mintages were often struck with negligently engraved dies. As a result of the hurried, superficial minting, it was sometimes doubtful whether a faulty coin had been issued officially, or was a forgery” (Huszár 1963, at 15).

The quarting (also known as the fryling and as a moneta minor) was originally worth a quarter of a denar, but it “soon fell victim to the manipulations of the treasury. Its fineness decreased at such a rate that soon it contained almost nothing but copper. The result was economic anarchy. Trust in these silver coins was irreparably damaged, and, although the government officially devalued the quarting several times, its market value fell even more drastically. In the last years of Sigismund’s reign, 6,000 to 8,000 quartings were equivalent to one florin instead of the original 400” (Engel, at 223-224).
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HUN_Zsigmund_quarting_Huszár_586_Pohl_124-__Unger_456_.jpg
Huszár 586, Pohl 124-_, Unger 456_, Réthy II 129, Frynas H.27.1417 viewsHungary. Sigismund/Zsigmond of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437)

Billon quarting, .48 g., 12.54 mm. max., 270°

Obv: Patriarchal cross, uncertain privy mark in central fields.

Rev: Crown

The type was struck in 1430-1437 (per Pohl, Huszár, Unger and Frynas). This privy mark was struck in Kassa (now Košice, Slovakia) (per Pohl & Huszár). This privy mark is not listed in Pohl, Huszár and Unger.

Huszár/Pohl rarity 3; Frynas rarity C.

“Owing to inner strife and disordered general conditions, the coins [of this period] were usually minted with extremely low precious metal content; moreover, poor mintages were often struck with negligently engraved dies. As a result of the hurried, superficial minting, it was sometimes doubtful whether a faulty coin had been issued officially, or was a forgery” (Huszár 1963, at 15).

The quarting (also known as the fryling and as a moneta minor) was originally worth a quarter of a denar, but it “soon fell victim to the manipulations of the treasury. Its fineness decreased at such a rate that soon it contained almost nothing but copper. The result was economic anarchy. Trust in these silver coins was irreparably damaged, and, although the government officially devalued the quarting several times, its market value fell even more drastically. In the last years of Sigismund’s reign, 6,000 to 8,000 quartings were equivalent to one florin instead of the original 400” (Engel, at 223-224).
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HUN_Albert_Huszar_591_Pohl_126-4_.png
Huszár 591, Pohl 126-4, Unger 459c, Réthy II 13449 viewsHungary. Albert/Albert (1437-1439)

AR denar, .74 g., 15.12 mm. max, 270°

Obv: mOnETA-ALBERTI, Patriarchal cross, K–*/R between arms

Rev: + [R]EGIS VnGARIE • ET • C, Shield w/ Árpádian stripes

The type was issued in 1438 in Kremnitz/Körmöcbánya/now Kremnica, Slovakia, by Konrad Rudel for the Serbian despot George Branković

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 6
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HUN_Albert_Huszar_592_Pohl_127-10.jpg
Huszár 592, Pohl 127-10, Unger 461s, Réthy II 135B23 viewsHungary. Albert (1437-1439). AR denar, .54 g., 14.80 mm. max., 0°

Obv: m • ALBERTI • – R • VnGARIE •, Patriarchal cross, K–P (privy mark) in fields.

Rev: Central shield with Árpádian stripes, surrounded by three shields bearing (in clockwise order) Austrian stripe, Moravian eagle and Bohemian lion, all within border.

The type was struck in 1438-40 (per Unger and Pohl) or 1439-1440 (per Huszár). This privy mark was struck posthumously in 1440 in Kremnitz/Körmöcbánya/now Kremnica, Slovakia, under Queen Elizabeth by Konrad Polnar, kammergraf.

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 5.
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HUN_Zsigmond_Huszar_575.JPG
Huszár 575, Pohl 116, Unger 448, Réthy II 120234 viewsHungary. Sigismund (Zsigmond, in Hun.) of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437). AR denar, 14 mm.

Obv: + MOnET S[IGISM]VnDI, Patriarchal cross.

Rev: + REGIS Vn[GA]RIE, Four-part shield (Árpádian stripes and Brandenburg eagle).

The type was struck in 1387-1389 (per Pohl, Huszár & Unger) in Buda (now Budapest) by Onofrio Bardi (per Pohl & Huszár).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 6. The descriptions and depictions vary amongst the references with respect to the presence or absence of pellets in the reverse legend. This coin comports with the description and depictions in Unger and Réthy.

This emission was disparagingly called a “bardus” (stupid, slow or dull, in Latin) by contemporaries, and remained in circulation until 1427. It was struck with a nominal fineness of 0.582 silver and an average weight of 0.51 g. (per Huszár). However, Engel notes that early in the reign of Sigismund, the process of devaluation of the denar, which had begun under Louis I (1342-1382), continued at an accelerating rate, and “collapse[d].” Thus, while 240 denars were the equivalent of an aranyforint in 1386, by 1390 300 denars were the aranyforint’s equivalent.

“Owing to inner strife and disordered general conditions, the coins [of this period] were usually minted with extremely low precious metal content; moreover, poor mintages were often struck with negligently engraved dies. As a result of the hurried, superficial minting, it was sometimes doubtful whether a faulty coin had been issued officially, or was a forgery” (Huszár 1963, at 15).


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HUN_Zsigmond_Huszar_576_Pohl_117-1.JPG
Huszár 576, Pohl 117-1, Unger 449a, Réthy II 121211 viewsHungary. Sigismund (Zsigmond, in Hun.) of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437). AR denar, 14 mm.

Obv: MOn • SIG—ISMVnDI, Patriarchal cross.

Rev: + • REGIS VnGARIE ETC, Four-part shield (Árpádian stripes and Brandenburg eagle).

The type was struck in 1390-1427 (per Pohl, Huszár & Unger).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4. The descriptions and depictions vary amongst the references with respect to the presence or absence of pellets in the reverse legend. This coin comports with the description and depictions in Huszár.

This emission was withdrawn from circulation after 1427. It was struck with a nominal fineness of 0.582 silver and an average weight of 0.51 g. (per Huszár). However, Engel notes that in 1390 Sigismund was able to temporarily restore the stability of the denar by the issuance of this new emission, which was referred to as nova moneta. For thirteen years the value of the denar remained stable, and 100 were the equivalent of the aranyforint. In 1403 debasement occurred, and130 were the equivalent of the aranyforint. The debasements continued, so that by 1406 the price of an aranyforint was 160 denars, it was 200 in 1421, 225 in 1423 and 320 in 1426.

“Owing to inner strife and disordered general conditions, the coins [of this period] were usually minted with extremely low precious metal content; moreover, poor mintages were often struck with negligently engraved dies. As a result of the hurried, superficial minting, it was sometimes doubtful whether a faulty coin had been issued officially, or was a forgery” (Huszár 1963, at 15).

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HUN_Zsigmond_Huszar_578_Pohl_118-9.JPG
Huszár 578, Pohl 118-9, Unger 450c, Réthy II 124A 188 viewsHungary. Sigismund (Zsigmond, in Hun.) of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437). AR denar, 16 mm.

Obv: [M]On • SIG—IS[M]VnDI, Patriarchal cross, K—L (privy mark) between arms.

Rev: + R[EGIS] VnGARIE • ETC, Shield with Árpádian stripes.

The type was struck in 1427-1437 (per Pohl, Huszár & Unger). This privy mark was struck in 1436 in Kremnitz (then Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Leonardo Bardi-Noffry, kammergraf, or Petrus Lang, kammergraf (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4. The descriptions and depictions vary amongst the references with respect to the presence or absence of a cross on the reverse and the placement of pellets in the legends. This is a variation that is neither described nor depicted in any of the references, in that there is not a pellet between the ET and the C on the reverse.

This emission was struck with a nominal fineness of 0.540 silver and an average weight of 0.77 g., which is the same fineness and weight as its predecessor (per Huszár). However, Engel notes that Sigismund introduced this emission as a monetary reform, to address the deterioration in value of that earlier emission. The new emission, then called the “new greater money,” had the value of 100 to the aranyforint, and maintained its value until Sigismund’s death. In 1387, the bishop of Transylvania, who had long been reluctant to collect the tithe due to the poor quality of the coinage, demanded that all arrears be paid – and in this new currency. The result was a peasant revolt!

“Owing to inner strife and disordered general conditions, the coins [of this period] were usually minted with extremely low precious metal content; moreover, poor mintages were often struck with negligently engraved dies. As a result of the hurried, superficial minting, it was sometimes doubtful whether a faulty coin had been issued officially, or was a forgery” (Huszár 1963, at 15).

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HUN_Zsigmund_Huszar_580_Unger_451ww.JPG
Huszár 580, Pohl 119--, Unger 451ww, Réthy II 125A88 viewsHungary. Sigismund (Zsigmond, in Hun.) of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437). AR parvus, 10 mm.

Obv: Four-part shield (Árpádian stripes and eagle), S—V—R above and flanking, •--• flanking the S (privy mark).

Rev: Cross with four crowns between its arms.

The type was struck in 1387-1427 (per Pohl, Huszár & Unger, although this emission terminated in 1410 per Engel). This mintmark is recorded in Huszár and Unger but not in Pohl.

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4.

The parvus (also called the “small denar” fillér or pankart) was struck with an average nominal fineness of 0.353 silver. Because of many worn out and counterfeit coins it was pulled from circulation after 1427 (per Huszár). Although not specifically discussed in this context in Engel, the parvus must have experienced the same rampant debasement as the denar did.

“Owing to inner strife and disordered general conditions, the coins [of this period] were usually minted with extremely low precious metal content; moreover, poor mintages were often struck with negligently engraved dies. As a result of the hurried, superficial minting, it was sometimes doubtful whether a faulty coin had been issued officially, or was a forgery” (Huszár 1963, at 15). This emission is typically struck on a small flan.
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HUN_Zsigmond_Huszar_580_Pohl_119-10.JPG
Huszár 580, Pohl 119-10 or 15, Unger 451q or v, Réthy II 125A150 viewsHungary. Sigismund (Zsigmond, in Hun.) of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437). AR parvus, 9-11 mm.

Obv: Four-part shield (Árpádian stripes and eagle), S—V—R above and flanking, K or P (privy mark) above at right.

Rev: Cross with four crowns between its arms.

The type was struck in 1387-1427 (per Pohl, Huszár & Unger, although this emission terminated in 1410 per Engel). This privy mark was struck in either Kremnitz (then Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) or in Pécs (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4. This privy mark is a less common variant (described in Pohl but not in Unger) in which the mark is on the right side of the S instead of on the left side.

The parvus (also called the “small denar” fillér or pankart) was struck with an average nominal fineness of 0.353 silver. Because of many worn out and counterfeit coins it was pulled from circulation after 1427 (per Huszár). Although not specifically discussed in this context in Engel, the parvus must have experienced the same rampant debasement as the denar did.

“Owing to inner strife and disordered general conditions, the coins [of this period] were usually minted with extremely low precious metal content; moreover, poor mintages were often struck with negligently engraved dies. As a result of the hurried, superficial minting, it was sometimes doubtful whether a faulty coin had been issued officially, or was a forgery” (Huszár 1963, at 15). This emission is typically struck on a small flan.
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HUN_Zsigmond_Huszar_580_Pohl_119-24.JPG
Huszár 580, Pohl 119-24, Unger 451b, Réthy II 125A201 viewsHungary. Sigismund (Zsigmond, in Hun.) of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437). AR parvus, 11.5 mm., .27 gr.

Obv: Four-part shield (Árpádian stripes and eagle), S—V—R above and flanking, * (privy mark) above at left.

Rev: Cross with four crowns between its arms.

The type was struck in 1387-1427 (per Pohl, Huszár & Unger, although this emission terminated in 1410 per Engel). This privy mark was struck in Nagybánya (now Baia Mare, Romania) (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4.

The parvus (also called the “small denar” fillér or pankart) was struck with an average nominal fineness of 0.353 silver. Because of many worn out and counterfeit coins it was pulled from circulation after 1427 (per Huszár). Although not specifically discussed in this context in Engel, the parvus must have experienced the same rampant debasement as the denar did.

“Owing to inner strife and disordered general conditions, the coins [of this period] were usually minted with extremely low precious metal content; moreover, poor mintages were often struck with negligently engraved dies. As a result of the hurried, superficial minting, it was sometimes doubtful whether a faulty coin had been issued officially, or was a forgery” (Huszár 1963, at 15). This emission is typically struck on a small flan. This coin is unusually well struck for the type, and on a full flan.
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HUN_Zsigmund_Huszar_580_Pohl_119-64.JPG
Huszár 580, Pohl 119-64, Unger 451ii, Réthy II 125A84 viewsHungary. Sigismund (Zsigmond, in Hun.) of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437). AR parvus, 10.5 mm.

Obv: Four-part shield (Árpádian stripes and eagle), S—V—R above and flanking, T-O flanking the S (privy mark).

Rev: Cross with four crowns between its arms.

The type was struck in 1387-1427 (per Pohl, Huszár & Unger, although this emission terminated in 1410 per Engel).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4.

The parvus (also called the “small denar” fillér or pankart) was struck with an average nominal fineness of 0.353 silver. Because of many worn out and counterfeit coins it was pulled from circulation after 1427 (per Huszár). Although not specifically discussed in this context in Engel, the parvus must have experienced the same rampant debasement as the denar did.

“Owing to inner strife and disordered general conditions, the coins [of this period] were usually minted with extremely low precious metal content; moreover, poor mintages were often struck with negligently engraved dies. As a result of the hurried, superficial minting, it was sometimes doubtful whether a faulty coin had been issued officially, or was a forgery” (Huszár 1963, at 15). This emission is typically struck on a small flan.
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HUN_Zsigmund_Huszar_580a.JPG
Huszár 580a, Pohl 119-1 var., Unger 451a var., Réthy II 125C160 viewsHungary. Sigismund (Zsigmond, in Hun.) of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437). AR parvus, 8-9 mm., .18 gr.

Obv: Four-part shield (eagle and Árpádian stripes) [S—V—R above and flanking].

Rev: Cross with four crowns between its arms.

The type was struck in 1387-1427 (per Pohl, Huszár & Unger, although this emission terminated in 1410 per Engel). This privy mark was struck in Nagybánya (now Baia Mare, Romania) (per Pohl).

Huszár rarity rating 4. This is a rare variety in which the eagle is on the upper left and lower right, instead of the opposite.

The parvus (also called the “small denar” fillér or pankart) was struck with an average nominal fineness of 0.353 silver. Because of many worn out and counterfeit coins it was pulled from circulation after 1427 (per Huszár). Although not specifically discussed in this context in Engel, the parvus must have experienced the same rampant debasement as the denar did.

“Owing to inner strife and disordered general conditions, the coins [of this period] were usually minted with extremely low precious metal content; moreover, poor mintages were often struck with negligently engraved dies. As a result of the hurried, superficial minting, it was sometimes doubtful whether a faulty coin had been issued officially, or was a forgery” (Huszár 1963, at 15). This emission is typically struck on a small flan.
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HUN_Zsigmond_Huszar_581.JPG
Huszár 581, Pohl 120, Unger 453, Réthy II 125B113 viewsHungary. Sigismund (Zsigmond, in Hun.) of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437). AR parvus, 11 mm.

Obv: Four-part shield (Árpádian stripes and eagle), [S]—V—R above and flanking.

Rev: Cross with M and three crowns between its arms.

The type was struck in 1404-1405 (per Pohl, Huszár & Unger) in Buda (now Budapest) by Markus von Nürnberg, oberkammergraf (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 5.

The parvus (also called the “small denar” fillér or pankart) was struck with an average nominal fineness of 0.353 silver. Because of many worn out and counterfeit coins it was pulled from circulation after 1427 (per Huszár). Although not specifically discussed in this context in Engel, the parvus must have experienced the same rampant debasement as the denar did.

“Owing to inner strife and disordered general conditions, the coins [of this period] were usually minted with extremely low precious metal content; moreover, poor mintages were often struck with negligently engraved dies. As a result of the hurried, superficial minting, it was sometimes doubtful whether a faulty coin had been issued officially, or was a forgery” (Huszár 1963, at 15).
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HUN_Zsigmond_Huszar_582_Pohl_121-1.JPG
Huszár 582, Pohl 121-1, Unger 452, Réthy II 126165 viewsHungary. Sigismund (Zsigmond, in Hun.) of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437). AR parvus, 11 mm.

Obv: Four-part shield (Árpádian stripes and Bohemian lion), S—V—R above and flanking.

Rev: Cross with four crowns between its arms.

The type was struck in 1402 (per Huszár & Unger) or 1402-1403 (per Pohl) in Buda (now Budapest) (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 5.

The parvus (also called the “small denar” fillér or pankart) was struck with an average nominal fineness of 0.353 silver. Because of many worn out and counterfeit coins it was pulled from circulation after 1427 (per Huszár). Although not specifically discussed in this context in Engel, the parvus must have experienced the same rampant debasement as the denar did.

“Owing to inner strife and disordered general conditions, the coins [of this period] were usually minted with extremely low precious metal content; moreover, poor mintages were often struck with negligently engraved dies. As a result of the hurried, superficial minting, it was sometimes doubtful whether a faulty coin had been issued officially, or was a forgery” (Huszár 1963, at 15).
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HUN_Zsigmond_Huszar_584_Pohl_123-5.JPG
Huszár 584, Pohl 123-5, Unger 455e, Réthy II 128172 viewsHungary. Sigismund (Zsigmond, in Hun.) of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437). AR ducat, 10-11 mm.

Obv: Patriarchal cross, K—f (privy mark) between arms.

Rev: Standing nimbate St. Ladislaus with halberd and globus cruciger.

The type was struck in 1427-1430 (per Pohl, Huszár & Unger). This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (then Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Johannes Folbrecht von Thorn, kammergraf (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4.

“Owing to inner strife and disordered general conditions, the coins [of this period] were usually minted with extremely low precious metal content; moreover, poor mintages were often struck with negligently engraved dies. As a result of the hurried, superficial minting, it was sometimes doubtful whether a faulty coin had been issued officially, or was a forgery” (Huszár 1963, at 15).
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HUN_Zsigmund_Huszar_586,_Pohl_124-_.JPG
Huszár 586, Pohl 124- , Unger 456_ , Réthy II 129 169 viewsHungary. Sigismund (Zsigmond in Hun.) of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437). Billon quarting, 12-14 mm.

Obv: Patriarchal cross, B–H (privy mark) in central fields.

Rev: Crown

The type was struck in 1430-1437 (per Pohl, Huszár & Unger). This privy mark was struck in Buda (now Budapest) (per Pohl & Huszár).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 3. This privy mark is unrecorded. This specimen is of a superior alloy (suggesting that it was struck very early in the history of the emission) and is of a better strike than many.

“Owing to inner strife and disordered general conditions, the coins [of this period] were usually minted with extremely low precious metal content; moreover, poor mintages were often struck with negligently engraved dies. As a result of the hurried, superficial minting, it was sometimes doubtful whether a faulty coin had been issued officially, or was a forgery” (Huszár 1963, at 15).

The quarting (also known as the fryling and as a moneta minor) was originally worth a quarter of a denar, but it “soon fell victim to the manipulations of the treasury. Its fineness decreased at such a rate that soon it contained almost nothing but copper. The result was economic anarchy. Trust in these silver coins was irreparably damaged, and, although the government officially devalued the quarting several times, its market value fell even more drastically. In the last years of Sigismund’s reign, 6,000 to 8,000 quartings were equivalent to one florin instead of the original 400” (Engel, at 223-224)
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HUN_Zsigmund_Huszar_586,_Pohl_124-24.JPG
Huszár 586, Pohl 124-24, Unger 456 eta, Réthy II 129 159 viewsHungary. Sigismund (Zsigmond in Hun.) of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437). Billon quarting, .56 g., 12-14 mm.

Obv: Patriarchal cross, c–n (privy mark) in central fields.

Rev: Crown

The type was struck in 1430-1437 (per Pohl, Huszár & Unger). This privy mark was struck in Kassa (now Košice, Slovakia) (per Pohl & Huszár).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 3. This specimen is of a better strike than most.

“Owing to inner strife and disordered general conditions, the coins [of this period] were usually minted with extremely low precious metal content; moreover, poor mintages were often struck with negligently engraved dies. As a result of the hurried, superficial minting, it was sometimes doubtful whether a faulty coin had been issued officially, or was a forgery” (Huszár 1963, at 15).

The quarting (also known as the fryling and as a moneta minor) was originally worth a quarter of a denar, but it “soon fell victim to the manipulations of the treasury. Its fineness decreased at such a rate that soon it contained almost nothing but copper. The result was economic anarchy. Trust in these silver coins was irreparably damaged, and, although the government officially devalued the quarting several times, its market value fell even more drastically. In the last years of Sigismund’s reign, 6,000 to 8,000 quartings were equivalent to one florin instead of the original 400” (Engel, at 223-224)
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HUN_Zsigmund_Huszar_586_Pohl_124-39.JPG
Huszár 586, Pohl 124-39, Unger 456a, Réthy II 129 176 viewsHungary. Sigismund (Zsigmond in Hun.) of Luxemburg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437). Billon quarting, 13mm.

Obv: Patriarchal cross, K–W (privy mark) in central fields.

Rev: Patriarchal cross.

The type was struck in 1430-1437 (per Pohl, Huszár & Unger). This privy mark was struck Kremnitz (then Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Valentin Winche (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 3.

“Owing to inner strife and disordered general conditions, the coins [of this period] were usually minted with extremely low precious metal content; moreover, poor mintages were often struck with negligently engraved dies. As a result of the hurried, superficial minting, it was sometimes doubtful whether a faulty coin had been issued officially, or was a forgery” (Huszár 1963, at 15).

The quarting (also known as the fryling and as a moneta minor) was originally worth a quarter of a denar, but it “soon fell victim to the manipulations of the treasury. Its fineness decreased at such a rate that soon it contained almost nothing but copper. The result was economic anarchy. Trust in these silver coins was irreparably damaged, and, although the government officially devalued the quarting several times, its market value fell even more drastically. In the last years of Sigismund’s reign, 6,000 to 8,000 quartings were equivalent to one florin instead of the original 400” (Engel, at 223-224)
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HUN_Zsigmund_Huszar_586,_Pohl_124-49.JPG
Huszár 586, Pohl 124-49, Unger 456 alpha-alpha, Réthy II 129 157 viewsHungary. Sigismund (Zsigmond in Hun.) of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437). Billon quarting, 13-14 mm.

Obv: Patriarchal cross, Q or koppa–L (privy mark) in central fields.

Rev: Patriarchal cross.

The type was struck in 1430-1437 (per Pohl, Huszár & Unger). This privy mark was probably struck in Pécs (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 3. This specimen is poorly struck, even for the emission, with the obverse devise also appearing on the reverse.

“Owing to inner strife and disordered general conditions, the coins [of this period] were usually minted with extremely low precious metal content; moreover, poor mintages were often struck with negligently engraved dies. As a result of the hurried, superficial minting, it was sometimes doubtful whether a faulty coin had been issued officially, or was a forgery” (Huszár 1963, at 15).

The quarting (also known as the fryling and as a moneta minor) was originally worth a quarter of a denar, but it “soon fell victim to the manipulations of the treasury. Its fineness decreased at such a rate that soon it contained almost nothing but copper. The result was economic anarchy. Trust in these silver coins was irreparably damaged, and, although the government officially devalued the quarting several times, its market value fell even more drastically. In the last years of Sigismund’s reign, 6,000 to 8,000 quartings were equivalent to one florin instead of the original 400” (Engel, at 223-224)
Stkp
HUN_Albert_Huszar_592_Pohl_127-2.JPG
Huszár 592, Pohl 127-2, Unger 461b, Réthy II 135B 220 viewsHungary. Albert (1437-1439). AR denar, 14 mm.

Obv: M • ALB[ERTI] • – R • VnGARIE •, Patriarchal cross, C–D (privy mark) in fields.

Rev: Central shield with Árpádian stripes, surrounded by three shields bearing (in clockwise order) Austrian stripe, Moravian eagle and Bohemian lion, all within border.

The type was struck in 1438-40 (per Unger) or 1439 (per Pohl) or 1439-1440 (per Huszár). This privy mark was struck in Kaschau (formerly Kassa, Hungary, now Košice, Slovakia).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 5.
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