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Home > Member Collections > Enodia > Thrace and the Black Sea Region

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Abdera, Thrace12 views352-323 BC
AE Dichalkon (14.5mm, 4.19g)
O: Griffin lying right on club; [star] above, MENAN (magistrate) below.
R: Laureate head of Apollo right within linear square; AB∆-HPI-TE-[ΩN] around.
SNG Cop 374; AMNG II 221; BMC Thrace 75; 83v (MEN)
ex Forvm Ancient Coins

“Beware of the sharp-beaked hounds of Zeus that do not bark, the Grypes (Griffins) who dwell about the flood of Plouton's stream that flows with gold. Do not approach them.”
~ Aeschylus (Prometheus Bound)
1 commentsEnodia
Apollonia Pontica, Thrace16 views350-300 BC
AE12 (Dichalkon?) (12mm, 2.21g)
O: Laureate head of Apollo right.
R: Anchor; A to left, crawfish to right.
BMC Black Sea 178-81
Maroneia, Thrace36 viewsafter 148 BC
AE27 (27mm, 14.25g)
O: Head of Dionysus right, wearing ivy wreath.
R: Dionysus standing left, holding bunch of grapes; ∆ΙΟΝΙΣΟΥ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΜΑΡΩΝΙΤΩΝ, monogram to lower left.
SNG Copenhagen 643v (monogram); Sear 1638
ex Jack H. Beymer

Maroneia was named for Maron, a son of Dionysus.
This region was famous in ancient times for the quality of its wine, which was Maroneia’s leading export.
1 commentsEnodia
Maroneia, Thrace40 views400-350 BC
AE14 (13mm, 3.77g)
O: Horse prancing right; NK monogram below.
R: ΜΑΡ−ΩΝΙ−ΤΩΝ around linear square, vine with four bunches of grapes within; YE below.
SNG Cop 632; Sear 1636; BMC Thrace 129,66
ex Forvm Auctions

"The wine urges me on, the bewitching wine, which sets even a wise man to singing and to laughing gently and rouses him up to dance and brings forth words which were better unspoken."
~ Homer (The Odyssey)
Mesembria, Thrace22 views250-175 BC
AE19 (19mm, 5.54g)
O: Diademed female head right.
R: Athena Alkidemos advancing left, brandishing spear and holding shield; METAM-BPIANΩN to either side.
SNG Cop 661; Sear 1676; BMC 3, 12
ex Nova Coins
2 commentsEnodia
Olbia, Sarmatia102 viewscirca 5th century BC
AE unit (23.5mm, 0.84g)
Cast bronze dolphin with raised spine and dorsal fin.
Sear 1684v
ex Forvm Ancient Coins
1 commentsEnodia
Thasos, Thrace118 viewsafter 148 BC
AR Tetradrachm (33mm, 16.86g)
O: Head of young Dionysus right, wreathed in ivy and flowers.
R: Herakles standing nude left, holding club and lion's skin; ΣΩTHPOΣ left, HPAKΛOYΣ right, ΘAΣIΩN in ex.
SNG Cop 1040; Sear 1759

Inhabited since prehistoric times, the island of Thasos is said to be the mythological home of the Sirens.
Phoenician traders occupied Thasos by the late ninth century BC, drawn by her prolific gold mines. A hundred years later Greek colonists from Paros settled on the island and prospered from Thasos’ gold and marble production, as well as her fertile vineyards. Thasian wine was renowned throughout the Mediterranean, for which they honored Dionysus on their coinage.
A brush with the Persian army under King Darius at the beginning of the fifth century caused Thasos to increase her production of war ships, and after the defeat of Xerxes in 480 BC Thasos joined the Delian League. However a dispute with Athens over mining interests on the Thracian mainland led Thasos to revolt in 465 BC, only to submit after the Athenians destroyed her ships and razed the city walls.
The island was occupied by Sparta from 404 until 393 BC, when Thasos fell to Athens, who eventually granted her independence. Thasos then came under the control of Phillip II of Macedonia around 340 BC, who immediately seized the gold mines. Thasos remained a part of the Macedonian Empire until falling under Roman rule in 197 BC.
4 commentsEnodia
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