Classical Numismatics Discussion Members' Gallery
  Welcome Guest. Please login or register.

Members' Gallery Home | Member Collections | Last Added | Last Comments | Most Viewed | Top Rated | My Favorities | Search Galleries
Home > Coin Collecting Theme Galleries > Ancient Sites Photo Gallery

TITLE  +   - 
FILE NAME  +   - 
DATE  +   - 
POSITION  +   - 
IMG_1626wp.jpg
Italy, Rome, Porticus Octaviae149 viewsBuilt by Augustus in the name of his sister, Octavia Minor, after 27 BC.Johny SYSEL
IMG_1514q.JPG
Italy, Rome, Pyramid of Cestius148 viewsbuilt in 12 BC by Gaius Cestius Epulo
base: 29.6 m (100 Roman feet)
high: 37 m (125 Roman feet)

inscription:
C · CESTIVS · L · F · POB · EPULO · PR · TR · PL
VII · VIR · EPOLONVM

OPVS · APSOLVTVM · EX · TESTAMENTO · DIEBVS · CCCXXX
ARBITRATV
PONTI · P · F · CLA · MELAE · HEREDIS · ET · POTHI · L

inscription from 1663: INSTAVRATVM · AN · DOMINI · MDCLXIII
Johny SYSEL
IMG_2285.JPG
Italy, Rome, Republican temples151 viewsLargo di Torre Argentina

Wikipedia: "Temple of Juturna built by Gaius Lutatius Catulus after his victory against the Carthaginians in 241 BC. It was later rebuilt into a church, whose apse is still present.

Circular temple with six columns remaining, was built by Quintus Lutatius Catulus in 101 BC to celebrate his victory over Cimbri; it was Aedes Fortunae Huiusce Diei, a temple devoted to the "Luck of the Current Day"."

Johny SYSEL
IMG_1034q.JPG
Italy, Rome, Temple of Antoninus and Faustina234 viewsTemple was build in 141 AD and dedicated to Faustina. In 161 temple was re-dedicated jointly to Antoninus and Faustina.
Temple was converted to a church, known as San Lorenzo in Miranda.
1 commentsJohny SYSEL
RomaForoRomanoTempioAntoninoFaustina.JPG
Italy, Rome, Temple of Antoninus and Faustina, with the church of San Lorenzo in Miranda, view from Palatine Hill, May 2005.73 viewsTemple of Antoninus and Faustina, with the church of San Lorenzo in Miranda, view from Palatine Hill, May 2005. The Temple of Antoninus and Faustina is an ancient Roman temple in Rome, adapted as a Roman Catholic church, Chiesa di San Lorenzo in Miranda. It is in the Forum Romanum, on the Via Sacra, opposite the Regia. The temple was begun by Antoninus Pius in 141 and was initially dedicated to his deceased and deified wife, Faustina the Elder. When Antoninus Pius was deified after his death in 161 AD, the temple was re-dedicated jointly to Antoninus and Faustina at the instigation of his successor, Marcus Aurelius. The ten monolithic Corinthian columns of its pronaos are 17 metres high. The rich bas-reliefs of the frieze under the cornice, of garlanded griffons and candelabri, were often copied from the sixteenth through the nineteenth centuries.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Temple_of_Antoninus_and_Faustina Photograph released to the public domain.
1 commentsJoe Sermarini
149940_162058587168739_5827532_n.jpg
Italy, Rome, Temple of Apollo Sosiano51 viewsBohemian
IMG_1593wp.jpg
Italy, Rome, Temple of Apollo Sosianus148 viewsName derives from its final rebuilder: Gaius Sosius.
Construction begun in 34 BC.
Johny SYSEL
IMG_2554.JPG
Italy, Rome, Temple of Hadrian159 viewsbuilt by Antoninus Pius in 145 AD
now occupied by the Borsa bank
Johny SYSEL
IMG_1672q.JPG
Italy, Rome, Temple of Hercules Victor158 viewsForum Boarium

built in the later second century BC

In 1132 the temple was converted to a church, known as Santo Stefano alle Carozze.
Johny SYSEL
IMG_1662q.JPG
Italy, Rome, Temple of Portunus151 viewsForum Boarium

built in 75 BC
converted to church in 872
Johny SYSEL
IMG_0982wp.jpg
Italy, Rome, Temple of Saturn151 viewsfounded between 501 BC and 498 BC.
The present ruins are from last incarnation in 283 AD.

Silver and gold was stored there in republic times.
Johny SYSEL
IMG_1406.JPG
Italy, Rome, Temple of Venus and Roma174 viewsThis is largest roman temple and it was designed by emperor Hadrian himself. Temple was finished by Antoninus Pius and repaired by Maxentius after fire. In 850 after earthquake pope Leo IV built Santa Maria Nova over ruins. In 1612 after renovation church was renamed to Santa Francesca Romana.Johny SYSEL
IMG_3146wp.jpg
Italy, Rome, Temple of Venus Genetrix146 viewschurch of Santi Luca e Martina; curia; arch of Septimius Severus
... I think so many different types of building in the one picture you can find only in Rome.
Johny SYSEL
forumvesta.jpg
Italy, Rome, Temple of Vesta327 viewsWhat remains of the temple of Vesta in the Roman forum. The structure was actually restored to the condition now seen. Photo taken in 2005Titus Pullo
Temple_of_Vesta_%28Rome%29.jpg
Italy, Rome, Temple of Vesta in the Forum Romanum.74 viewsTemple of Vesta in the Forum Romanum in Rome. See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Temple_of_Vesta. All temples to Vesta were round, and had entrances facing east to symbolize connection between Vesta’s fire and the sun as sources of life. The Temple of Vesta represents the site of ancient cult activity as far back as 7th century BCE. Numa Pompilius is believed to have built this temple along with the original Regia and House of the Vestal Virgins in its original form. Around the Temple stood The Sacred Grove, in which also there was a graveyard for the priests and virgins. It was one of the earliest structures located in the Roman Forum although its present reincarnation is the result of subsequent rebuilding. Instead of a cult statue in the cella there was a hearth which held the sacred flame. The temple was the storehouse for the legal wills and documents of Roman Senators and cult objects such as the Palladium. The Palladium was a statue of Athena (Roman Minerva) believed to have been brought by Aeneas from Troy; the statue was felt to be one of the Pignora Imperii, or pledges of imperium, of Ancient Rome. According to Dionysius of Halicarnassus, the Romans believed that the Sacred fire of Vesta was closely tied to the fortunes of the city and viewed its extinction as a portent of disaster. The sacred flame was put out in 394 by Theodosius I after he won the Battle of the Frigidus, defeating Eugenius and Arbogast. The Temple of Vesta remained reasonably intact until the Renaissance. However, in 1549 the building was completely demolished and its marble reused in churches and papal palaces. The section standing today was reconstructed in the 1930s during the dictatorship of Benito Mussolini.

By Wknight94, 26 April 2008. Source:
Joe Sermarini
Column_of_Marcus_Aurelius_The_Miracle_of_the_Rain.jpg
Italy, Rome, The Colum of Marcus Aurelius with Detail Memorializing the "Miracle in the Rain"55 viewsThe Column of Marcus Aurelius in Piazza Colonna. The five horizontal slits (visible in the middle photo) allow light into the internal stairway. The photo on the right shows detail memorializing the "Miracle in the Rain."

On June 11, 173, during the Marcomannic Wars (166–180), the Roman army in Moravia was outnumbered and surrounded by the Quadi, suffering from the extreme heat, out of water, and on the verge of defeat. Dio writes, "many clouds gathered and a mighty rain, not without divine interposition, burst upon them...when the rain poured down, at first all turned their faces upwards and received the water in their mouths; then some held out their shields and some their helmets to catch it, and they not only took deep draughts themselves but also gave their horses to drink...while those on the one side were being drenched and drinking, the others [the Quadi] were being consumed by fire [lightning] and dying." The Romans were soon victorious. Marcus was saluted imperator for the seventh time and the "miracle of the rain" was memorialized on Marcus Aurelius' column. In 174, Marcus Aurelius officially conferred the title Fulminata (Thundering) to the Legio XII Fulminata.

Photos by Adrian Pingstone released to the public domain.
Joe Sermarini
RomaForoRomanoColonnaFoca2.JPG
Italy, Rome, The Column of Focas280 viewsThe Column of Phocas at Rome was erected before the Rostra and dedicated to the Emperor on 1 August 608. It was the last addition made to the Forum Romanum. The Corinthian column has a height of 13.6 m (44 ft). Both the column and the marble socle were recycled from earlier use. It still stands in its original location. An English translation of the inscription follows: To the best, most clement and pious ruler, our lord Phocas the perpetual emperor, crowned by God, the forever august triumphator, did Smaragdus, former praepositus sacri palatii and patricius and Exarch of Italy, devoted to His Clemency for the innumerable benefactions of His Piousness and for the peace acquired for Italy and its freedom preserved, this statue of His Majesty, blinking from the splendor of gold here on this tallest column for his eternal glory erect and dedicate, on the first day of the month of August, in the eleventh indiction in the fifth year after the consulate of His Piousness. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Column_of_Phocas. Image released to public domain.Joe Sermarini
IMG_7388_comp.jpg
Italy, Rome, The Painted Garden of Livia30 viewsThe painted garden of Livia Augusta was located at her country residence in Prima Porta, 15km north along the Via Flaminia. It was decorating the walls of a windowless underground room which was probably used as a summer room.

The painted garden runs along the four walls depicting plants and trees in different periods of time with overlapping flowering and mature fruits. Plant species depicted include: umbrella pine, oak, red fir, quince, pomegranate, myrtle, oleander, date palm, strawberry, laurel, viburnum, holm oak, boxwood, cypress, ivy, acanthus, rose, poppy, chrysanthemum, chamomile, fern, violet, and iris. Birds are present almost everywhere.

In 1950 the frescoes were detached from the villa and transferred to the Museo Nazionale Romano di Palazzo Massimo, close to Stazione Termini, and located at the third floor.

Sergio Orata
IMG_1603q.JPG
Italy, Rome, Theatre of Marcellus148 viewsTheatre was built in 13 BC and was named after Marcus Marcellus, Emperor Augustus's nephew, who died five years before its completion.Johny SYSEL
Trajans Column.jpg
Italy, Rome, Trajan's Column635 views
trajan market.jpg
Italy, Rome, Trajan's Markets 1494 viewsThe first mall in history.
Posted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
trajan market 2~0.jpg
Italy, Rome, Trajan's Markets 2407 viewsPosted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
trajan market 3.jpg
Italy, Rome, Trajan's Markets 3495 viewsPosted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
Trajan.jpg
Italy, Rome, Trajan's Markets 4529 viewsThe modern bronze statue of Trajan, which stands near this emperor's Forum.
Posted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
IMG_1823q.JPG
Italy, Rome, Unidentified Bust, Museum on Palatine364 viewsMuseum on Palatine2 commentsJohny SYSEL
IMG_2085q.JPG
Italy, Rome, Vatican Museums, Marble busts163 viewsVatican MuseumsJohny SYSEL
Panoramic 1.jpg
Italy, Rome, View from the Colosseum502 viewsOn the left the Palatine Hill, the Via Sacra and Titus' Arch.
On the right Maxentius' Basilica
Posted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
5988976.jpg
Italy, Sicily, Agrigento - remains of city wall531 views1 commentsJohny SYSEL
5989037.jpg
Italy, Sicily, Agrigento - Temple of Castor and Pollux411 viewsbuilt +- 450 BCJohny SYSEL
5988980.jpg
Italy, Sicily, Agrigento - Temple of Concordia489 viewsgreek colony - Akragas
temple from 5. century BC
6 x 13 columns built over a basament of 39.44 x 16.91 m
temple was turned into church in the 6th century AD
Johny SYSEL
5989231.jpg
Italy, Sicily, Agrigento - Temple of Concordia342 viewsgreek colony Akragas
temple from 5. century BC
Johny SYSEL
5989035.jpg
Italy, Sicily, Agrigento - Temple of Heracles374 viewsbuilt in 5. century BCJohny SYSEL
5988965.jpg
Italy, Sicily, Agrigento - Temple of Juno332 viewsbuilt in the 5. century BC and burnt in 406 BC by the Carthaginians
used for the celebration of weddings
Johny SYSEL
Agrigent_BW_2012-10-07_12-24-45.jpg
Italy, Sicily, Agrigento - Temple of Juno Lacinia131 viewsThis temple was constructed on a mostly artificial spur. It dates to c. 450 BC, measuring 38.15 x 16.90 m: it is in Doric style, peripteros 6 columns wide by 13 long, preceded by a pronaos and opisthodomos. The basement has four steps.

Current remains (including anastylosis from the 18th Century onwards) consist of the front colonnade with parts of the architrave and of the frieze. Only fragments of the other three sides survive, with few elements of the cella. The building was damaged in the fire of 406 BC and restored in Roman times, with the substitution of clay marble roof tiles with ones and the addition of a steep rise in the area where today can be seen the remains of the altar.

Nearby are arcosolia and other sepultures from Byzantine times, belonging to the late 6th century AD renovation of the Temple of Concordia into a Christian church.
Joe Sermarini
Agrigent_BW_2012-10-07_13-09-13.jpg
Italy, Sicily, Agrigento, Temple of Concordia219 viewsDue to its good state of preservation, the Temple of Concordia is ranked amongst the most notable edifices of the Greek civilization existing today. It has a peristatis of 6 x 13 columns built over a basement of 39.44 x 16.91 m; each Doric column has twenty grooves and a slight entasis, and is surmounted by an architrave with triglyphs and metopes; also perfectly preserved are the tympani. The cella, preceded by a pronaos, is accessed by a single step; also existing are the pylons with the stairs which allowed to reach the roof and, over the cella's walls and in the blocks of the peristasis entablature, the holes for the wooden beam of the ceiling. The exterior and the interior of the temple were covered by polychrome stucco. The upper frame had gutters with lion-like protomes, while the roof was covered by marble tiles.

When the temple was turned into a church the entrance was moved to the rear, and the rear wall of the cella was destroyed. The spaces between the columns were closed, while 12 arched openings were created in the cella, in order to obtain a structure with one nave and two aisles. The pagan altar was destroyed and sacristies were carved out in the eastern corners. The sepultures visible inside and outside the temple date to the High Middle Age.
2 commentsJoe Sermarini
Valle_dei_templi_(tone-mapping)_II.jpg
Italy, Sicily, Agrigento, Valley of the Temples119 viewsThe Valle dei Templi (English: Valley of the Temples, Sicilian: Vaddi di li Tempri) is an archaeological site in Agrigento (ancient Greek Akragas), Sicily, southern Italy. It is one of the most outstanding examples of Greater Greece art and architecture, and is one of the main attractions of Sicily as well as a national monument of Italy. The area was included in the UNESCO Heritage Site list in 1997. Much of the excavation and restoration of the temples was due to the efforts of archaeologist Domenico Antonio Lo Faso Pietrasanta (1783–1863), who was the Duke of Serradifalco from 1809 through 1812.

The term "valley" is a misnomer, the site being located on a ridge outside the town of Agrigento.
Joe Sermarini
5989368.jpg
Italy, Sicily, Casale - roman villa - Basin at the entrance241 viewsbuilt 301-325 AD
it was centre of huge latifundium but later it was used for holiday in byzantine and arabic times. It was abandoned in twelfth century.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Villa_Romana_del_Casale
Johny SYSEL
6132419.jpg
Italy, Sicily, Syracuse - amphitheatre160 viewsJohny SYSEL
6132400.jpg
Italy, Sicily, Syracuse - Ear of Dionysius166 viewscave in stone quarries, also used as prisons in ancient timesJohny SYSEL
6132396.jpg
Italy, Sicily, Syracuse - greek theatre157 viewsbuilt in the 5. century BC
15000 spectrators
one of the largest greek theatres
Johny SYSEL
6132469.jpg
Italy, Sicily, Syracuse - temple of Apollo144 viewsfrom 6. century BC
adapted to a church in Byzantine times and to a mosque under Arab rule
Johny SYSEL
6132482.jpg
Italy, Sicily, Syracuse - temple of Athena175 viewsbuilt in 480 BC
in 7. century AD adapted to basilica
Johny SYSEL
6010853.jpg
Italy, Sicily, Taormina - theatre187 viewsJohny SYSEL
6069479.jpg
Italy, Sicily, Taormina - theatre - Etna in the background157 viewscalled Greek theatre but was built by Romans - maybe greek foundationsJohny SYSEL
2009-03-22_03-29_Sizilien_389_Solunto.jpg
Italy, Sicily, View of Solanto from the ruins of Soluntum (aka Solus, Solous, and Kefra)64 viewsView of Solanto from the ruins of Soluntum (aka Solus, Solous, and Kefra), Sicily

Solus (or Soluntum, near modern Solanto) was an ancient city on the north coast of Sicily, one of the three chief Phoenician settlements on the island, about 16 kilometers (10 miles) east of Panormus (modern Palermo). It lay 183 meters (600 ft) above sea level, on the southeast side of Monte Catalfano 373 meters (1,225 ft), in a naturally strong situation, and commanding a fine view. The date of its founding is unknown. Solus was one of the few colonies that the Phoenicians retained when they withdrew to the northwest corner of the island before the advance of the Greek colonies in Sicily. Together with Panormus and Motya, it allied with the Carthaginians. In 396 B.C. Dionysius took the city but it probably soon broke away again to Carthage and was usually part of their dominions on the island. In 307 B.C. it was given to the soldiers and mercenaries of Agathocles, who had made peace with the Carthage when abandoned by their leader in Africa. During the First Punic War it was still subject to Carthage, and it was not until after the fall of Panormus that Soluntum also opened its gates to the Romans. It continued to under Roman dominion as a municipal town, but apparently one of no great importance, as its name is only slightly and occasionally mentioned by Cicero. But it is still noticed both by Pliny and Ptolemy, as well as at a later period by the Itineraries. Its destruction probably dates from the time of the Saracens.

Excavations have brought to light considerable remains of the ancient town, belonging entirely to the Roman period, and a good deal still remains unexplored. The traces of two ancient roads, paved with large blocks of stone, which led up to the city, may still be followed, and the whole summit of Monte Catalfano is covered with fragments of ancient walls and foundations of buildings. Among these may be traced the remains of two temples, of which some capitals and portions of friezes, have been discovered. An archaic oriental Artemis sitting between a lion and a panther, found here, is in the museum at Palermo, with other antiquities from this site. An inscription, erected by the citizens in honor of Fulvia Plautilla, the wife of Caracalla, was found there in 1857. With the exception of the winding road by which the town was approached on the south, the streets, despite the unevenness of the ground, which in places is so steep that steps have to be introduced, are laid out regularly, running from east to west and from north to south, and intersecting at right angles. They are as a rule paved with slabs of stone. The houses were constructed of rough walling, which was afterwards plastered over; the natural rock is often used for the lower part of the walls. One of the largest of them, with a peristyle, was in 1911, though wrongly, called the gymnasium. Near the top of the town are some cisterns cut in the rock, and at the summit is a larger house than usual, with mosaic pavements and paintings on its walls. Several sepulchres also have been found.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soluntum

Photo by Allie Caulfield from Germany.
Joe Sermarini
5989402.jpg
Italy, Sicily, Villa Casale136 viewsbuilt 301-325 AD
it was centre of huge latifundium but later it was used for holiday in byzantine and arabic times. It was abandoned in twelfth century.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Villa_Romana_del_Casale
Johny SYSEL
5989413.jpg
Italy, Sicily, Villa Casale - room of the 10 girls in bikinis183 viewsbuilt 301-325 AD
it was centre of huge latifundium but later it was used for holiday in byzantine and arabic times. It was abandoned in twelfth century.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Villa_Romana_del_Casale
Johny SYSEL
Sybaris.jpg
Italy, Sybaris, Planning assumptions of Sybaris (Lucania)182 viewsPlanning assumptions of Sybaris by Archaeological Museum of Sibaritide (Sibari, Cs, Italy)Taras
Thourioi.jpg
Italy, Thurium, Planning assumptions of Thurium (Lucania)255 viewsPlanning assumptions of Thurium, by Archaeological Museum of Sibaritide (Sibari, Cs, Italy).1 commentsTaras
rm006.jpg
Italy, Venice - Bridge of Sighs155 viewsBridge of Sighs 1999randy h2
rm007.jpg
Italy, Venice - Grand Canal and St. Marks159 viewsVeiw from the ferry 1999randy h2
IMG09931.JPG
Italy, Volterra - Roman theatre 155 viewsfirst century BCJohny SYSEL
IMG10465.JPG
Italy, Vulci - brick edifice172 viewsremains of Roman thermal complexJohny SYSEL
IMG10496.JPG
Italy, Vulci - cryptoportico148 viewshall in the basement of magnificent aristocrat's residence from the late 2nd century BCJohny SYSEL
IMG10475.JPG
Italy, Vulci - Great Temple1206 viewsEtruscan temple was at this site since 6th century BC, rebuilt by Romans.Johny SYSEL
PET070_Amman_Acropolis.JPG
Jordan, Amman - Acropolis285 viewsAmman in Jordan was ancient Philadelphia, a Decapolis town. Not much remains of the (second-century CE) Temple of Heracles which once dominated the city's acropolis, but the surviving columns are impressively large. Heracles also features prominently on Philadelphia's coinage.Abu Galyon
PET075_Umm_Qais.JPG
Jordan, Gadara181 viewsPart of an early Byzantine church complex at Umm Qais in north-west Jordan. Umm Qais is ancient Gadara of the Decapolis (as in the 'Gadarene swine' of Matthew 8:28-34). The city is built from a mixture of white limestone and dark basalt, often mixed together, which gives some of the buildings a curious chess-board look.Abu Galyon
Gerasa.JPG
Jordan, Jerash (Ancient Gerasa), The Oval Forum in Jerash, and the Cardo Maximus7 viewsThe Greco-Roman city of Gerasa, the Oval Forum in Jerash, and the Cardo Maximus, with modern Jerash in the background.

Ancient Greek inscriptions from the city support that the city was founded by Alexander the Great and his general Perdiccas, who allegedly settled aged Macedonian soldiers there during the spring of 331 BC, when he left Egypt and crossed Syria en route to Mesopotamia. However, other sources, namely the city's former name of "Antioch on the Chrysorrhoas, point to a founding by Seleucid King Antioch IV, while still others attribute the founding to Ptolemy II of Egypt.

After the Roman conquest in 63 BC, Jerash and the land surrounding it were annexed to the Roman province of Syria, and later joined the Decapolis league of cities. The historian Josephus mentions the city as being principally inhabited by Syrians, and also having a small Jewish community.[19] In AD 106, Jerash was absorbed into the Roman province of Arabia, which included the city of Philadelphia (modern day Amman). The Romans ensured security and peace in this area, which enabled its people to devote their efforts and time to economic development and encouraged civic building activity.[20]

Jerash is considered one of the largest and most well-preserved sites of Roman architecture in the world outside Italy. And is sometimes misleadingly referred to as the "Pompeii of the Middle East" or of Asia, referring to its size, extent of excavation and level of preservation.

Jerash was the birthplace of the mathematician Nicomachus of Gerasa (Greek: Νικόμαχος) (c. 60 – c. 120 AD).

In the second half of the 1st century AD, the city of Jerash achieved great prosperity. In AD 106, the Emperor Trajan constructed roads throughout the province, and more trade came to Jerash. The Emperor Hadrian visited Jerash in AD 129–130. The triumphal arch (or Arch of Hadrian) was built to celebrate his visit.

The city finally reached a size of about 800,000 square meters within its walls. The Persian invasion in AD 614 caused the rapid decline of Jerash. Beneath the foundations of a Byzantine church that was built in Jerash in AD 530 there was discovered a mosaic floor with ancient Greek and Hebrew-Aramaic inscriptions. The presence of the Hebrew-Aramaic script has led scholars to think that the place was formerly a synagogue, before being converted into a church.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerash

Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Place_ovale_de_Gerasa_new.JPG
Azurfrog, 2 November 2013
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.
Joe Sermarini
PET090_Jerash_Nymphaeum.jpg
Jordan, Jerash - Nymphaeum161 viewsGerasa’s Nymphaeum is quite well preserved and must have been spectacular in its prime. Originally there would have been a half-dome covering the top and each niche would have contained a statue. Note the holes in the lower level niches: the sculptures here would have also served as decorative water conduits to fill the basin underneath. Abu Galyon
PET080_Jerash_Plaza.JPG
Jordan, Jerash - Oval Plaza173 viewsJerash is ancient Gerasa in Jordan, one of the Decapolis cities. The superb Oval Plaza stands at one end of the Cardo.Abu Galyon
PET095_Jerash_Temple.jpg
Jordan, Jerash - Temple of Artemis207 viewsArtemis was the patron goddess of Gerasa, and the temple dedicated to her was one of the city’s grandest monuments. It was reached by ascending an imposing processional Sacred Way, starting from the Cardo. The temple was built during the mid 2nd-century CE and worship continued there until suppressed by Theodosius around 391. Afterwards, in Byzantine times, part of the Sacred Way was converted into a church (the ‘Propylaeum Church’) and the temple courtyard was used as a pottery workshop, while the naos itself was left to crumble quietly away. Abu Galyon
PET060_Macherus.JPG
Jordan, Machaerus151 viewsMachaerus is in central Jordan, not far from the Dead Sea. It's one of Herod the Great's hilltop desert fortresses. Not as well-known or impressive as Masada perhaps, but Machaerus has it's own claim to fame: according to Josephus, Machaerus is where John the Baptist was imprisoned and executed.Abu Galyon
PET225_Little_Petra.JPG
Jordan, Petra - 'Little Petra'172 viewsThis is Al-Barid (often called 'Little Petra') which is about 5 km distant from the central parts of Petra which attract all the tourists. By contrast, Little Petra is not often visited, but it's very atmospheric (with its own mini-Siq!) and an excursion here can also take in the nearby and fascinating Neolithic site of Beidha.Abu Galyon
PET125_Reality_-_Ed_Deir.JPG
Jordan, Petra - Ed Deir163 viewsThis is Ed Deir, one of the 'high places' of Petra. There's a rock cut path, you have to climb about 800 steps above Cardo level to get there, but worth it. Early Western visitors called it 'the Monastery', which perhaps it was during Byzantine times, originally though, a Nabataean temple (not a tomb).Abu Galyon
Petra5.jpg
Jordan, Petra - Gate of Temenos456 viewsPetra, Gate of Temenospax
PET105_Khasneh.JPG
Jordan, Petra - Khasneh170 viewsOK, it’s the photograph every visitor to Petra takes: the first sight of the Kasneh framed by the dark canyon of the Siq. But the view is breathtaking, so who can resist? Abu Galyon
PET170_Qasr_al-Bint.jpg
Jordan, Petra - Qasr al-Bint138 viewsIt’s known locally by the name of Qasr al-Bint al-Faroun, ‘the Palace of Pharaoh’s Daughter’, but it’s really a Nabataean temple, probably originally dedicated to Dushrat. The Qasr al-Bint is one of the best preserved free-standing buildings in Petra and stands in a sacred precinct at the far end of the city’s Cardo. In front of the temple steps is a substantial open-air altar platform. The area still further in the foreground of the picture is now used as a Bedouin taxi rank, where the tired tourist who no longer wishes to walk can hire a camel or donkey for the trip back to the start of the Siq. Abu Galyon
s_Tomb.JPG
Jordan, Petra - Roman Soldier's Tomb185 viewsIt's popularly called the "Roman Soldier's Tomb" because the central headless figure on the facade is clearly wearing a cuirass. The trouble is that the tomb can't really be dated later than the early years of Rabbel II, i.e. at least 30 years before the Roman annexation in 106 CE. That makes a Roman officer's burial highly questionable. The interior layout is elaborate - a tomb intended for someone of quite high status.Abu Galyon
PET140_Silk_Tomb.JPG
Jordan, Petra - Silk Tomb159 viewsThe 'Silk Tomb' is hard to photograph and is best visited near sunrise or sunset. Depending on the time of day (i.e. on the angle at which the sunlight strikes the rock) the colours either look vibrant and alive or flat and dull.Abu Galyon
Petra7.jpg
Jordan, Petra - The collonaded street471 viewsThis is the centre of the lower city and divides it in north and south.
This is the road that leads to the Semenos gate (at our back)
You can also see the following tombs (from left to right)
Corinthian tomb, Silk tomb and the Urn tomb.
pax
Petra1.jpg
Jordan, Petra - The Treasury782 viewsI visited the ancient city of Petra in 1999, it is located in Jordan.
The Nabateers "build" this city in the dessert, all the temples and houses are carved in the soft rock.
When you have passed the Siq, the first temple you see is the Al-Khazneh Farun, or The Treasury.
3 commentspax
Petra2.jpg
Jordan, Petra - The Treasury 2408 viewsAl-Khazneh Farun - The Faro treasure
This was build in 84-85 b.c., by king Aretas IV.
pax
Petra3.jpg
Jordan, Petra - Theater449 viewsA vieuw on some graves and on the left side a theater.pax
Petra4.jpg
Jordan, Petra - Theater 2436 viewsThe remains, the side were the artists stood.
The theater was build in 100 a.c., and expanded in 106 when the Romans came.
pax
Petra8.jpg
Jordan, Petra - Theater 3498 viewspax
Theatre_sabratha_libya.jpeg
Libya, The theatre of the Roman city of Sabratha176 viewsPhoto made by the author (duimdog) of the theatre of the Roman city of Sabratha in Libya. For more images of Sabratha See also my Sabratha photoset on Flickr.Source: http://flickr.com/photos/duimdog/127614169/in/set-72057594105577693/

This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic license.
Joe Sermarini
Sabratha_-_Theatre_03.JPG
Lybia, Sabratha - Detail of Scaenae Frons145 viewsA relief in one of the niches of the theatre frontSyltorian
Sabratha_-_Frons.JPG
Lybia, Sabratha - Scaenae Frons233 viewsThe scaenae frons of the theatre of Sabratha, modern Libya. The sea is visible behind, through the central gate. Note the great reliefs under the stage itself. Syltorian
Sabratha_-_Theatre_01.JPG
Lybia, Sabratha - Theatre184 viewsThe theatre of the ancient city of Sabratha (Libya), built during the reign of the Severans, reconstructed by Mussolini. Syltorian
Timbukto.JPG
Mali, West Africa, Timbukto1902 viewsYes it does exist! although it has lost a lot from its glory days in the 14th and 16th centuries, still a fascinating place to visit. Meaning well of the woman named 'Bouctou'. In its day 25,000 students are reputed to have studied there at any one time. Some of the manuscripts can still be viewed; on such varied subjects at medicine, astronomy and arithmetic; sadly they are not well preserved.4 commentsBolayi
Lixus_in_Morocco.jpg
Morocco, Lixus66 viewsLixus is the site of an ancient Roman city located in Morocco just north of the modern seaport of Larache on the bank of the Loukkos River. The location was one of the main cities of the Roman province of Mauretania Tingitana .

Ancient Lixus is located on Tchemmich Hill on the right bank of the Loukkos River (other names: Oued Loukous; Locus River), just to the north of the modern seaport of Larache. The site lies within the urban perimeter of Larache, and about three kilometers inland from the mouth of the river and the Atlantic ocean. From its 80 meters above the plain the site dominates the marshes through which the river flows. To the north, Lixus is surrounded by hills which themselves are bordered to the north and east by a forest of cork oaks.

Among the ruins there are Roman baths, temples, 4th century walls, a mosaic floor, a Christian church and the intricate and confusing remains of the Capitol Hill.

Lixus was first settled by the Phoenicians in the 7th century BC and was later annexed by Carthage. Lixus was part of a chain of Phoenician/Carthaginian settlements along the Atlantic coast of modern Morocco; other major settlements further to the south are Chellah (called Sala Colonia by the Romans) and Mogador. When Carthage fell to Ancient Rome, Lixus, Chellah and Mogador became imperial outposts of the Roman province Mauretania Tingitana.

The ancient sources agree to make of Lixus a counter Phoenician, which is confirmed by the archaeological discovery of material dating from 8th century BC. It gradually grew in importance, later coming under Carthaginian domination. After the destruction of Carthage, Lixus fell to Roman control and was made an imperial colony, reaching its zenith during the reign of the emperor Claudius I (AD 41-54).

Some ancient Greek writers located at Lixus the mythological garden of the Hesperides, the keepers of the golden apples. The name of the city was often mentioned by writers from Hanno the Navigator to the Geographer of Ravenna, and confirmed by the legend on its coins and by an inscription. The ancients believed Lixus to be the site of the Garden of the Hesperides and of a sanctuary of Hercules, where Hercules gathered gold apples, more ancient than the one at Cadiz, Spain. However, there are no grounds for the claim that Lixus was founded at the end of the second millennium BC.

Lixus flourished during the Roman Empire, mainly when Claudius established a Roman Colonia with full rights for the citizens. Lixus was one of the few Roman cities in Berber Africa that enjoyed an amphitheater: the amphitheater at Lixus. In the third century Lixus become nearly fully Christian and there are even now the ruins of a paleochristian church overlooking the archeological area. The Arab invasions destroyed the Roman city. Some berber life was maintained there nevertheless until one century after the Islamic conquest of North Africa by the presence of a mosque and a house with patio with the covered walls of painted stuccos.

The site was excavated continuously from 1948 to 1969. In the 1960s, Lixus was restored and consolidated. In 1989, following an international conference which brought together many scientists, specialists, historians and archaeologists of the Mediterranean around the history and archaeology of Lixus, the site was partly enclosed. Work was undertaken to study the Roman mosaics of the site, which constitute a very rich unit. In addition to the vestiges interesting to discover the such mosaics whose one of sixty meters representing Poseidon. Lixus was on a surface of approximately 75 hectares (190 acres). The excavated zones constitute approximately 20% of the total surface of the site.

This site was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List on July 1, 1995 in the Cultural category.
Joe Sermarini
BILD1383.JPG
Morocco, Volubilis Capitol58 viewsTo the south of the basilica stands the capitol, a temple dedicated to the Roman Capitoline triad, Jupiter, Juno and Minerva. It is composed of a single cella reached by thirteen steps. Four other chapels complete the complex, of which one was dedicated to the goddess Venus. The temple was reconstructed in 218 C.E. by Macrinus, as is indicated by an inscription found in 1924. The temple’s porticos were restored in 1955. In 1962, restoration work started again; the stairs were restored (only three steps remained out of the original thirteen), and the walls of the cella as well as the architectural elements (column drums, bases and capitals) were restored. Franz-Josef M
IMAG0030mod.jpg
Morocco, Volubilis Caracalla arc left side51 viewsFranz-Josef M
IMAG0026_.JPG
Morocco, Volubilis Caracalla arc of triomph48 viewsDuring the reign of septimius severus and caracalla the city volubilis had 10000 inhabitants.Franz-Josef M
IMAG0029mod.jpg
Morocco, Volubilis Caracalla arc right49 viewsFranz-Josef M
BILD1389_.JPG
Morocco, Volubilis Maroc48 viewsBasilicaFranz-Josef M
IMAG0039.JPG
Morocco, Volubilis Maroc54 viewsFranz-Josef M
IMAG0025_~0.JPG
Morocco, Volubilis Maroc54 viewsFranz-Josef M
BILD1366_.JPG
Morocco, Volubilis Maroc animal mosaic48 viewsFranz-Josef M
BILD1399_.JPG
Morocco, Volubilis mosaic 47 viewsmosaic of the house of the acrobat, acrobat riding a donkeyFranz-Josef M
IMAG0047mod.jpg
Morocco, Volubilis mosaic52 views Hercules 12 labours and adventuresFranz-Josef M
IMAG0054mod.jpg
Morocco, Volubilis mosaic48 viewsHylas and the nymphsFranz-Josef M
IMAG0057mod.jpg
Morocco, Volubilis mosaic55 viewsBath of DianaFranz-Josef M
800px-StatuenMozia.jpg
Motya Charioteer marble sculpture32 viewsThe remarkable and exquisite Motya Charioteer marble sculpture found in 1979 is world famous and is on display at the local Giuseppe Whitaker museum.

Motya was an ancient and powerful city on an island off the west coast of Sicily, between Drepanum (modern Trapani) and Lilybaeum (modern Marsala). The island was renamed San Pantaleo in the 11th century by Basilian monks. It lies in the Stagnone Lagoon, and is within the comune of Marsala. The island is nearly 850 metres (2,790 ft) long and 750 metres (2,460 ft) wide, and about 1 kilometer (0.62 mi) (six stadia) from the mainland of Sicily. It was joined to the mainland in ancient times by an artificial causeway (paved road), by which chariots with large wheels could reach the town.

Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:StatuenMozia.jpg
Photo by: AEK
Released under the GNU Free Documentation License.
Joe Sermarini
Ruta 2~0.jpg
New World, Maya332 viewsMayadigger
Altun Ha.jpg
New World, Maya, Altun Ha, Belize546 viewsMayadigger - Altun Ha "Rock Water", was another ancient Maya city that encompassed nearly 700 years of occupation. Lovely in situation, it's population at it's height was close to 20,000 citizens. It was another leading trade center. Mayadigger
Altun Ha Masks.jpg
New World, Maya, Altun Ha, Belize, Masks520 viewsAnother example of the "Pre-Classic Masks" that tell us that this city was established at least 200 AD.Mayadigger
Chicanna.jpg
New World, Maya, Chicanna, Campeche, Mexico520 viewsMayadigger - Chicanna is a smallish ruin found in Southern Campeche, Mexico. Seen in the photo is a wonderous depiction of everything that the ancient Maya were really about. The ancient Maya, as well as nearly all Meso-American civilizations, believed that caves/grottos were the doors to the underworld (read after-life). In fact, when archaeologists dug beneath the vast Pyramid of the Sun in Teotihuacan in Mexico they discovered that the enormous pyramid was centered on the top of a huge underground complex. The ancient Maya named their underworld "Xibalba" and their representaion of this phenomenon is now known as a Witz Monster. In this photo we see the Witz Monster, his mouth agape, lower jaw displayed with huge teeth, leading into a temple. To the untrained eye it may be hard to make out, but if you look close, you can see his eyes above the doorway, and his ear-flairs to either side of the portal. Very cool...Mayadigger
Copan Stele.jpg
New World, Maya, Copan, Honduras716 viewsMayadigger - The most Southern City of the ancient Maya was Copan, "Zotz" in Maya. The name Zotz means "Bat." Cppan was the "Paris" of the Maya world. The archetecture and entablature was just superb. Seen in this photo, we see the stele of Yax Kuk Mo, "Blue Quetzal Macaw." As it turned out, Yax Kuk Mo came from Teotihuacan, in the Valley of Mexico. An imported Prince as it were...2 commentsMayadigger
Lamanai.jpg
New World, Maya, Lamanai, Belize459 viewsMayadigger - Lamanai, "Submerged Crocodile" in Maya, is a truly pristine and very remote ancient Maya city. In this case we, took a small boat up a long, turgid river. It can be reached by "road", read 50 mile muddy track. I know, we did it a few years later and never again. In ancient days, Lamanai owed its wealth to being a trade center centrally located between the vast Maya cities of Tikal, Altun Ha, Caracol, and Copan. Killer ruins...but do not forget your bug spray!Mayadigger
Lamanai Vista.jpg
New World, Maya, Lamanai, Belize604 viewsMayadigger - Here I am "discovering" an ancient Maya pyramid in the ruins at Lamanai. As seen, it's being recovered from the rain forest by archeologists. This particular structure ia about 80 feet tall. What makes Lamanai unique is that it was the longest inhabited city in the New World...from approx. 300BC to 1100 AD.1 commentsMayadigger
Lamanai Mask.jpg
New World, Maya, Lamanai, Belize475 viewsMayadigger - This is a detail seen on the previous structure. What you're looking at is known to Meso-American archaeologists as a "Pre-Classic Mask" and are only found on Maya structures from the Pre-Classic time, i.e. 200-400 A.D. This fellow is a "Kinich Ahau" or a "Shining-faced" Lord. Kinich Ahau was the Maya Sun God, but this was also the title of the Maya rulers. As all Maya structures were built onion-style, that is, one layer atop another, it is easy for us to date them when we come across masks such as seen here.Mayadigger
Lubaantun ruin.jpg
New World, Maya, Lubaantun, Belize, Sign ruins490 viewsThe small site of Lubaantun is found in the remote rain forests of Southern Belize. One of the most interesting bits about this ruin is that the Maya did not use mortar between the building stones. Very rare...never saw it before or since.Mayadigger
Lubaantun ruin close.jpg
New World, Maya, Lubaantun, Belize, Sign ruins close457 viewsMayadigger - Note the lack of mortar...very cool!Mayadigger
Tikal~1.jpg
New World, Maya, Tikal, Guatemala484 viewsMayadigger - Tikal was the home to 45,000 + citizens from 200-800 AD. This truly maginificent site is located deep in the Peten rainforest. The pyramid seen here is approx. 140 feet tall, whose temple is topped with a "cox-comb" roof decoration. In the right foreground is seen the Great Plaza with a number of stone stelae commemorating the city's kings. In the right background is the acropolis, where the elites not only lived, but were also buried with great pomp.
Mayadigger
CoxCombs.jpg
New World, Maya, Tikal, Guatemala, Cox Combs above the rain forest661 viewsMayadigger - The cox-comb roofs of a number of towering pyramids show just above the gigantic mahagony and giant fig trees of the Peten forest. These threes are full of parrots, toucans, and howler and spider monkeys. As far as I was concerned, my only thoughts were as how I was to get back down without breaking my neck!3 commentsMayadigger
Xpujil.jpg
New World, Maya, Xpuhil, Campeche, Mexico437 viewsLocated about thirty miles south of Chicanna, the ancient Maya city named Xpuhil, pronounced "SH-PUH-HEEL" found themselves between the hammer of wanning Tikal to the South and the anvil of the rising Chichen Itza to the North. Without the resources of Tikal, but trying to emmulate that great city's pyramids/temples, poor Xpuhil could only manage a sorry and rather pathetic attempt of Tikal's grand structures. Seen here, we see that their Temple structure tries to copy those seen at Tikal...rather sad, isn't it...?Mayadigger
Peru, 1.jpg
New World, Peru384 viewsThe ancient walls of the huge 15th Cent. Inca fortress known as Sacsayhuaman, elevation 12,000 feet above sea level. The fortress was incomplete at the time of the Spanish conquest. Most of the smaller wrought stones were removed by the Spanish invaders to build homes and cathedrals in the ancient Inca Capital of Cuzco in the valley 1,000 feet below. The existant stones seen in the photo, weighing many 1,000's of tons, were too large for the invaders to easily to remove, and they remain in situe.Mayadigger
Peru.jpg
New World, Peru 1615 viewsThat's me, standing close to the stones, just to give the size...2 commentsMayadigger
Peru. 1.5.jpg
New World, Peru 1.5650 viewsMore Cyclopean Stones with Sheri showing their size...3 commentsMayadigger
Peru, 12.jpg
New World, Peru 12369 viewsAn excellent example of ancient Inca stonework; note that there is no mortar, nor is none necessary.Mayadigger
Peru, 13.jpg
New World, Peru 13352 viewsStill exploring, with another grand vista of the Urubamba River Valley seen in the distance far below...Mayadigger
Peru, 14.jpg
New World, Peru 14327 viewsThat's me again, pointing out that "You can't put a knife-blade between these stones..." LOL!Mayadigger
Peru, 15.jpg
New World, Peru 15345 viewsMe and Sheri hamming it up! That's a wrap! Mayadigger
Peru, 4.jpg
New World, Peru 4310 viewsThe Urubamba River on the way to somewhere very special... The Urubamba Valley was the Bread-basket of the Inca Empire where an amazing variety of fruits and vegetables were produced including pineapples, no less!Mayadigger
Peru, 5.jpg
New World, Peru 5321 viewsI have been truly blessed to have had the opportunity to explore many remakable places around the world...but so far, this one takes the cake. Mayadigger
Peru, 6.jpg
New World, Peru 6340 viewsGetting artsy in B/W photos, we treked up a long trail through dense rainforest to get this first glimpse of the ancient ruin...Mayadigger
Peru, 7.jpg
New World, Peru 7358 viewsMachu Picchu, at last! Words cannot describe the near-unworldly vistas seen here. The viewer is overcome with the stillness, and the grand edifices that seem to mock you from the distant past. The clouds and mists gather and then retreat, hiding and then revealing, awesome views of the surrounding forested peaks. Mayadigger
Peru, 8.jpg
New World, Peru 8338 viewsA grand vista of the Inca ruin...Mayadigger
Peru, 9.jpg
New World, Peru 9381 viewsThe Temple of the Sun, the only round structure found here, is reported to have the finest stonework at the site.Mayadigger
IMG_1213bew.JPG
Portugal, Algarve, Site of Milreu145 viewsTempel at the site of a Villa Rustica, build in the 1st cent. AD.
Transformed into a church and abandoned in the 6th cent.
pax
IMG_1216bew.JPG
Portugal, Algarve, Site of Milreu169 viewsDetail of mosaic.pax
IMG_1190bew.JPG
Portugal, Algarve, Site of Milreu138 viewsfrigidarium, cold bath. with fishes pax
IMG_1187bew.JPG
Portugal, Algarve, Site of Milreu130 viewsdetail of the fishespax
IMG_1247bew.JPG
Portugal, Algarve, Site of Milreu147 viewsremains of roman villa underneath a 16th cent farmer house, mosaic floorpax
IMG_1251bew.JPG
Portugal, Algarve, Site of Milreu166 viewsremains of the floor of a roman villa (with heating) underneath a 16th cent. farmer housepax
IMG_1253bew.JPG
Portugal, Algarve, Site of Milreu160 viewsspace for the warm air that heated the floorpax
Old_Kilpatrick,_West_Dunbartonshire_-_Antonine_Wall.JPG
Scotland, Antonine Wall, Distance Slab24 viewsThese inscribed stones, known as distance slabs, are unique in the Roman Empire. They celebrate the work of the legions which constructed the Antonine Wall in Scotland. Evidence suggests that the slabs, all made of local sandstone, were set into stone frames along the length of the Wall and are likely to have faced South into the Empire.
Nineteen of these slabs are known of so far, the elaborate carving on many of them celebrating the culmination of a successful campaign by the triumphant Roman army.

IMP C T AE HADRIANO ANTONINO AVG PIO P P VEX LEG XX VV FEC PP IIII CDXI
"For the Emperor Caesar Titus Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius, Father of his Country, a detachment of the Twentieth Valient and Victorious Legion built this over a distance of 4411 feet"

This slab was found at Old Kirkpatrick, West Dunbartonshire and is now in the Hunterian Museum in Glasgow.
*Alex
Found_at_Hutcheson_Hill,_West_Dunbartonshire_near_Cleddans_.jpg
Scotland, Antonine Wall, Distance Slab22 viewsThese inscribed stones, known as distance slabs, are unique in the Roman Empire. They celebrate the work of the legions which constructed the Antonine Wall in Scotland. Evidence suggests that the slabs, all made of local sandstone, were set into stone frames along the length of the Wall and are likely to have faced South into the Empire.
Nineteen of these slabs are known of so far, the elaborate carving on many of them celebrating the culmination of a successful campaign by the triumphant Roman army.

IMP C T AE HADRIANO ANTONINO AVG PIO P P VEX LEG XX VV FEC PP III
"For the Emperor Caesar Titus Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius, Father of his Country, a detachment of the Twentieth Valient and Victorious Legion built this over a distance of 3000 feet"

This slab was found at Hutcheson Hill, near Cleddans, West Dunbartonshire and it is now in the Hunterian Museum in Glasgow.
*Alex
Found_near_Bridgeness,_Bo__ness,_West_Lothian.JPG
Scotland, Antonine Wall, Distance Slab22 viewsThese inscribed stones, known as distance slabs, are unique in the Roman Empire. They celebrate the work of the legions which constructed the Antonine Wall in Scotland. Evidence suggests that the slabs, all made of local sandstone, were set into stone frames along the length of the Wall and are likely to have faced South into the Empire.
Nineteen of these slabs are known of so far, the elaborate carving on many of them celebrating the culmination of a successful campaign by the triumphant Roman army.

IMP CAES TITO AELIO HADRI ANTONINO AVG PIO P P LEG II AVG PER M P IIIIDCLII FEC
"For the Emperor Caesar Titus Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius, Father of his Country, the Second Augustan Legion completed 4652 feet"

This slab was found at Bridgeness, Bo'ness in 1868, it is now in the National Museum of Scotland in Edinburgh.
*Alex
Antonine_Wall.jpg
Scotland, Falkirk, Section of the Antonine Wall46 viewsThe Antonine Wall was built by the Romans across what is now the Central Belt of Scotland, between the Firth of Forth and the Firth of Clyde. Representing the northernmost frontier barrier of the Roman Empire, it spanned approximately 63 kilometres (39 miles) and was about 3 metres (10 feet) high and 5 metres (16 feet) wide.
Construction began in AD 142 at the order of the Emperor Antoninus Pius, and took about 12 years to complete.
Most of the wall and its associated fortifications have been destroyed over time, but some remains are still visible. Many of these have come under the care of Historic Scotland and the UNESCO World Heritage Committee.
1 comments*Alex
Lilia__Roughcastle.jpg
Scotland, Roughcastle Roman Fort, Lilia73 viewsThese deep pits, which would have had something like a sharpened stake in the centre of them, were known as lilia because they apparently reminded the Romans of lilies. They are shown on Trajan's column in Rome and were also described by Julius Caesar in his Gallic Wars.
Lilia, which have been found at eight different locations along the 39 miles of the Antonine Wall, are part of its defensive system. The defensive line would have consisted of the ditch, the wall and these lilia, which you might call the ancient Roman equivalent of a minefield.
The lilia pictured above are at the Roman fort of Roughcastle a few miles west of Falkirk.
1 comments*Alex
ger.JPG
Slovakia, Gerulata 178 viewsRoman military camp located near today's Rusovce, a borough of Bratislava, Slovakia. It was part of the Roman province Pannonia and built in the 2nd century as a part of the Limes Romanus system. It was abandoned in the 4th century, when Roman legions withdrew from Pannonia.

Today there is a museum, which is part of the Bratislava City Museum.

The most preserved object is a quadrilateral building 30 metres long and 30 metres wide, with 2.4 metre thick walls.
Bohemian
Bild0437mod.jpg
South Korea, Woraksan 160 viewsThis giant turtle lays near the Buddha of the future of my other picture, it is approximately 5 m long and 1000 year old.Franz-Josef M
Bild0469mod.jpg
South Korea, Woraksan - Buddha157 viewsIn the Woraksan mountains I visit this big Buddha carved in the rock, I estimate the high 20 m, but I' m not sure.Franz-Josef M
Bild0442mod.jpg
South Korea, Woraksan - Buddha135 viewsBuddha of the future, he is already more than 1000 years old, but still has a good appearance. The location of this Buddha is a valley in the middle of the Woraksan mountains. Its a great holy place.Franz-Josef M
IMG_9851_1_ED_s.png
Spain, Naveta des Tudons137 viewsPlace: Naveta des Tudons, Menorca
Country: Spain

The Naveta des Tudons is the most famous megalithic chamber tomb in Minorca. It was used between 1200 y 750 BC. It is a collective tomb which contained, when it was discovered in 1975 at least 100 men and different objects like bronze bracelets or bone and ceramic buttons.

The legend says that two brothers were competing for the love of a girl. To decide who would be the chosen one, they started a construction, and the first one to finish it would marry the girl. One of them decided to build the naveta and the other one a well. The time run and when the last stone was going to be placed on the naveta, the other brother shouted: "Water, water!!". Then, the brother who was building the naveta, very angry, threw the last stone (the one that is missing on the top) into the well, killing his brother. Then, feeling remorse for what he had done, he killed himself. It is said that the girl died alone and was buried in the naveta.
Viriathus
amphi4.jpg
Spain, Santiponce, Italica, Amphitheatre from outside33 viewsjmuona
amphi2.jpg
Spain, Santiponce, Italica, amphitheatre.33 viewsView from the areana. jmuona
amphi1.jpg
Spain, Santiponce, Italica, amphitheatre.32 viewsView from higher up. Originally it seated 25.000 people and was the 3rd largest in the Empire. May, 2002.jmuona
entrance.jpg
Spain, Santiponce, Italica, entrance to amphitheatre35 viewsMay, 2002.jmuona
gladiator2.jpg
Spain, Santiponce, Italica.37 viewsTABULA GLADIATORIA made easier to read - if you know your Latin. May, 2002.jmuona
gladiator1.jpg
Spain, Santiponce, Italica.43 viewsTABULA GLADIATORIA. The original one on the wall of the gladiator's tunnel to the theatre. May, 2002.jmuona
statue2.jpg
Spain, Santiponce, Italica.32 viewsThe copy of the statue of Venus is placed close to the entrance. The original, now in the Archelogical Museum in Sevilla, was found in Italica.jmuona
view2.jpg
Spain, Santiponce, Italica.35 viewsMay, 2002. Large areas were still unstudied at the time.jmuona
view1.jpg
Spain, Santiponce, Italica.33 viewsPartially opened site. May, 2002.jmuona
amphi3~0.jpg
Spain, Santiponce, Italica.33 viewsThe corridor gladiators used to enter the theatre. May, 2002.jmuona
statue1.jpg
Spain, Santiponce, Italica.35 viewsCopies of statues found at the site have been placed around the ruins. May, 2002.jmuona
neptunusfloor.jpg
Spain, Santiponce, Italica.33 viewsItalica is famous for its Mosaic floors. This is from the house of Neptunus. Who knows, perhaps Trajanus was born at this very Place? May, 2002.jmuona
neptunus.jpg
Spain, Santiponce, Italica.35 viewsDetail showing Neptunus himself. Floor of the house of Neptunus. May, 2002.jmuona
croco.jpg
Spain, Santiponce, Italica.66 viewsCrocodile and the playful youngster... Detail of the floor of the house of Neptunus. May, 2002.jmuona
seven.jpg
Spain, Santiponce, Italica.41 viewsDetail of the floor of the house of Planetarium. May, 2002.jmuona
CasadelosPajeros5.jpg
Spain, Santiponce, Italica.42 viewsSection of the floor of the house of Birds. May, 2002.jmuona
CasadelosPajeros1.jpg
Spain, Santiponce, Italica.41 viewsFloor map of the house of Birds. May, 2002.jmuona
CasadelosPajeros3.jpg
Spain, Santiponce, Italica.47 viewsDetail of the floor of house of Birds. Cannot figure out the species... May, 2002.jmuona
CasadelosPajeros2.jpg
Spain, Santiponce, Italica.44 viewsDetail of the floor of the house of Birds. Athene noctua - the typical Minerva owl. May, 2002.jmuona
trajanus.jpg
Spain, Santiponce, Italica.44 viewsBust of Trajanus, copy at the ticket booth in Italica, original in Archelogical Museum, Sevilla.
Trajanus was born in this city. May, 2002.
jmuona
wall.jpg
Spain, Santiponce, Italica.65 viewsFragments of old painted wall. very little is left of this type of structures.
The largest floor mosaics are in the Archelogical Museum in Sevilla but many fine ones were at the orginal site in May, 2002.
jmuona
Segóbriga_Ampitheater.jpg
Spain, Segobriga - Ampitheater49 viewsSegobriga is a former Roman city near Saelices, in the province of Cuenca in Spain. It is possibly one of the most important archaeological sites of the Spanish Meseta. The name Segóbriga derives from two words: "Sego" meaning victory and "briga" meaning city fortress. The translation would be "City of the Victory" or "Victorious City." The site includes an amphitheatre, theater, the city walls and gates, two thermal buildings or Roman baths, and the Forum. There is also a necropolis, and the circus (Roman race track) is being excavated - its outline can be seen from the top of the hill.

The Amphitheater, 75m long and of an irregular elliptic shape, is the biggest monument of Segóbriga and had capacity for 5,500

Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Seg%C3%B3briga_Circo_04_JMM.jpg
Joe Sermarini
Segóbriga_Termas_JMM.jpg
Spain, Segobriga - Roman baths48 viewsSegóbriga is a former Roman city near Saelices, in the province of Cuenca in Spain. It is possibly one of the most important archaeological sites of the Spanish Meseta. The name Segóbriga derives from two words: "Sego" meaning victory and "briga" meaning city fortress. The translation would be "City of the Victory" or "Victorious City." The site includes an amphitheatre, theater, the city walls and gates, two thermal buildings or Roman baths, and the Forum. There is also a necropolis, and the circus (Roman race track) is being excavated - its outline can be seen from the top of the hill.

Roman Baths: The monumental baths were not only for hygienic reasons but also for social and business purposes.

Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Seg%C3%B3briga_Termas_JMM.jpg
Joe Sermarini
Theater_Segobriga.jpg
Spain, Segobriga - Theater40 viewsSegóbriga is a former Roman city near Saelices, in the province of Cuenca in Spain. It is possibly one of the most important archaeological sites of the Spanish Meseta. The name Segóbriga derives from two words: "Sego" meaning victory and "briga" meaning city fortress. The translation would be "City of the Victory" or "Victorious City." The site includes an amphitheatre, theater, the city walls and gates, two thermal buildings or Roman baths, and the Forum. There is also a necropolis, and the circus (Roman race track) is being excavated - its outline can be seen from the top of the hill.

Construction of the theater began under the emperor Tiberius and was completed during the Flavian dynasty, circa AD 79. The orchestra had three tiers of seats for VIP's and is preserved together with seats for spectators divided into sections according to their social classes. The upper cavea was built on the city wall on a vault over a street

Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Theater_Segobriga.jpg
Photographer: Art Davis
25 September 2011
This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license.
Joe Sermarini
Aqueduct_Segovia_s.png
Spain, Segovia - Aqueduct261 views2 commentsViriathus
IMG_5374_1_s.png
Spain, Talaiot de Torellonet Vell162 viewsPlace: Torellonet Vell, Menorca
Country: Spain

The talaiot is the most significant structure of the prehistorical culture of Minorca and Majorca. Its characteristics are very varied but always bears a similarity with a tower. Although some talaiots have been found with an interior room, generally, the area that is used more frequently would be at the top, which is now mostly in ruins.

Nonetheless, the large talaiot depicted in this photo, Torelló 1, still has a well preserved door-window open to the south. It seems that the construction had diverse buildings embedded around it.

Although the excavation of the superior camera gave Roman chandeliers and ceramics, the remains of a factory of brass foundry was found west of the talaiot (where several molds, a faulty axe and Talaiotic ceramic were located) which seem to date the construction of the monument before the beginning of the 1st millennium BC.

Viriathus
IMG_2296_1_s.png
Spain, Torralba d'en Salord137 viewsPlace: Torralba d'en Salord, Menorca
Country: Spain

Torralba d'en Salord is a prehistoric talaiotic settlement located on the island of Minorca between the towns of Mahon and Alayor. Chronologically, it lies between 1000 BC and the Roman conquest. Although it lasted until the Middle Ages.

The large T-shaped monument that is depicted in the photo is called a Taula, and it's probably a sanctuary. A U-shaped wall encloses the Taulas; these precincts are 3000 years old, but the age of its central monuments is unknown. This Taula measures 5 meters tall and it's the largest of its kind.
Viriathus
IMG_5111_1_s.png
Spain, Torre d'en Galmés, Menorca172 viewsPlace: Torre d'en Galmés, Menorca
Country: Spain

Torre d'en Galmés is situated on a small hill that dominates most of the southern part of the island Minorca. On clear days it is possible to see the mountains of neighbouring Majorca. In prehistoric times it would have been possible to observe a large numbers of talaiotic towns from this position which leads to think that Torre d'en Galmés exercised a position of authority.

The Cartailhac Circle, named in honour of the eminent French archaeologist Émile Cartailhac, author of "Primitive Monuments on the Balearic Islands (1892)", was inhabitated between 250-50 BC. Its external wall is made with flagstones placed vertically on a baseboard.
In the interior, we see the remains of a central patio, with numerous fallen architectural elements (mullions, lintels, pilasters...), and three rooms around it.
To each side of the entrance there is a small covered space, with the roof below the superior level of the stones of the external facade, which seems to indicate that, at least above these spaces, there was a floor.
Viriathus
IMG_5045_1_s.png
Spain, Torre d'en Galmés, Menorca - The Cartailhac Circle123 viewsPlace: Torre d'en Galmés, Menorca
Country: Spain

Torre d'en Galmés is situated on a small hill that dominates most of the southern part of the island Minorca. On clear days it is possible to see the mountains of neighbouring Majorca. In prehistoric times it would have been possible to observe a large numbers of talaiotic towns from this position which leads to think that Torre d'en Galmés exercised a position of authority.

The Cartailhac Circle, named in honour of the eminent French archaeologist Émile Cartailhac, author of "Primitive Monuments on the Balearic Islands (1892)", was inhabitated between 250-50 BC. Its external wall is made with flagstones placed vertically on a baseboard.

In the interior, we see the remains of a central patio, with numerous fallen architectural elements (mullions, lintels, pilasters...), and three rooms around it.

To each side of the entrance there is a small covered space, with the roof below the superior level of the stones of the external facade, which seems to indicate that, at least above these spaces, there was a floor.
Viriathus
Arwad.jpg
Syria, Arwad / Ruad (Arados, Phoenicia)25 viewsArwad, an island about 800 m long by 500 m wide, about 50 km north of Tripolis, was settled in the early 2nd millennium B.C. by the Phoenicians. Ancient Arados was an important trading city surrounded by a massive wall and an artificial harbor on the east side toward the mainland. Its powerful navy and ships are mentioned in the monuments of Egypt and Assyria. In the Bible, an "Arvad" is noted as the forefather of the "Arvadites," a Canaanite people. Arados ruled some neighboring cities on the mainland, such as Marat (present-day Amrit) and Sumur, the former nearly opposite the island and the latter some kilometers to the south and held hegemony over the northern Phoenician cities from the mouth of the Orontes to the northern limits of Lebanon, something like that of Sidon in the south. Under the Persians, Arwad was allowed to unite in a confederation with Sidon and Tyre, with a common council at Tripolis. When Alexander the Great invaded Syria in 332 B.C., Arados submitted without a struggle under her king Strato, who sent his navy to aid Alexander in the reduction of Tyre. The city received the favor of the Seleucid kings of Syria and enjoyed the right of asylum for political refugees. It is mentioned in a rescript from Rome about 138 B.C. in connection with other cities and rulers of the East, to show favor to the Jews. This was after Rome had begun to interfere in the affairs of Judea and Syria and indicates that Arwad was still of considerable importance at that time.

Photo by NASA.
Joe Sermarini
Theatre_at_Bostra.JPG
Syria, Bostra, Roman Theatre58 viewsOriginally a Nabataean city, in A.D.106 Bostra was conquered by the emperor Trajan who renamed it Nova Trajana Bostra and made it the capital of the Roman province of Arabia Petraea. Since it was at the juncture of several trade routes connecting Damascus to the Red Sea the city flourished and Bostra eventually achieved the title metropolis under the emperor Philip I, who was a native of the city.
Today Bostra is a major archaeological site and has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Its main feature is it's Roman theatre which is reputed to be the best preserved Roman theatre in the world.
*Alex
Apamea_ad_Orontes_2000.jpg
Syria, The Great Colonnade at Apamea120 viewsApamea, on the right bank of the Orontes River, was a treasure city and stud-depot of the Seleucid kings, and was the capital of Apamene. Its site is found about 55 km (34 mi) to the northwest of Hama, Syria, overlooking the Ghab valley.

Previously known as Pharmake, it was fortified and enlarged by Seleucus I Nicator in 300 B.C., who so named it after his Bactrian wife, Apama. The fortress was placed upon a hill; the windings of the Orontes, with the lake and marshes, gave it a peninsular form. Seleucus had his commissariat there, 500 elephants, with 30,000 mares, and 300 stallions. The pretender, Diodotus Tryphon, made Apamea the basis of his operations.

Josephus relates, that Pompey marching south from his winter quarters, probably at or near Antioch, razed the fortress of Apamea in 64 B.C. and the city was annexed to the Roman Republic. In the revolt of Syria under Q. Caecilius Bassus, it held out against Julius Caesar for three years till the arrival of Cassius, 46 B.C.
Located at a strategic crossroads for Eastern commerce, the city flourished to the extent that its population eventually numbered half a million. It was one of the four cities of the Syrian tetrapolis. The city boasted one of the largest theaters in the Roman world, and a monumental colonnade.

On the outbreak of the Jewish War, the inhabitants of Apamea spared the Jews who lived in their midst, and would not suffer them to be murdered or led into captivity.
Destroyed by Chosroes I in the 6th century, it was partially rebuilt and known in Arabic as Famia, and destroyed by an earthquake in 1152. In the Crusades it was still a flourishing and important place and was occupied by Tancred.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apamea,_Syria

The ancient city has been damaged as a result of the ongoing civil war in Syria.
Joe Sermarini
Amrit.jpg
Syria, The Ma'abed - Temple at Marathos (Amrit)36 viewsOne of the most important excavations at Marathos (Amrit) was the Phoenician temple, commonly referred to the "ma'abed," dedicated to the god Melqart of Tyre and Eshmun. The colonnaded temple, excavated between 1955 and 1957, consists of a large court cut out of rock measuring 47 × 49 metres (154 × 161 ft) and over 3 metres (9.8 ft) deep, surrounded by a covered portico. In the center of the court a well-preserved cube-shaped cella stands. The open-air courtyard was filled with the waters of a local, traditionally sacred spring, a unique feature of this site. The temple—which was dated to the late 4th century BC, a period following the Persian expansion into Syria—shows major Achaemenid influence in its layout and decoration. According to Dutch archaeologist, Peter Akkermans, the temple is the "best-preserved monumental structure from the Phoenician homeland."

Source:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amrit#/media/File:Amrit01.jpg
Photo by Jerzy Strzelecki
Joe Sermarini
Jableh_2.jpg
Syria, The Roman theater of Gabalah (Jableh, Syria)107 viewsJableh (Arabic: جبلة‎ Ǧabla), also spelt Jebleh, Jabala, Jablah or Gabala, is a coastal city on the Mediterranean in Syria, 25 km north of Baniyas and 25 km south of Latakia, with c. 80,000 inhabitants (2008). In antiquity Jableh was an important Roman city, one of the main remains of this period is an amphitheater, capable of housing c. 7,000 spectators. Near the seashores even older remains were found dating to the Iron Age or Phoenician Era. Less than 1 kilometer of the city center lies the ancient site of Gibala, today known as Tell Tweini. This city was inhabited from the third millennium BCE until the Persian period. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/JablehJoe Sermarini
23293292.jpg
Tunisia, Tunis (Carthage)350 viewsCarthage was completely destroyed 146 BC so all excavations are from roman times.1 commentsJohny SYSEL
23293607.jpg
Tunisia, Tunis (Carthage) - bath of Antoninus236 viewsJohny SYSEL
23293768.jpg
Tunisia, Tunis (Carthage) - bath of Antoninus225 viewsJohny SYSEL
Oinoanda.JPG
Turkey, İncealiler - Termessos ad Oenoanda84 viewsOenoanda in the upper valley of the Xanthus River, was a colony of Termessos Major, and was also called Termessos Minor. The ruins of the city lie west of the modern village İncealiler in the Fethiye district of Muğla Province, Turkey, which partly overlies the ancient site. An extensive inscription of Diogenes of Oenoanda has been identified from over 300 scattered fragments, apparently from the stoa, varying in size from a few letters to passages of several sentences covering more than one block. The inscription sets out Epicurus' teachings on physics, epistemology, and ethics. It was originally about 25,000 words long and filled 260 square meters of wall. The stoa was dismantled in the second half of the third century A.D. to make room for a defensive wall; previously the site had been undefended.

By Ansgar Bovet - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18861664
Joe Sermarini
childs_toy.JPG
Turkey, Ankara, Anatolian Museum of Civilisations.37 viewsA Phrygian toy in the form of a griffin eating a fish. Made of wood and dating to the 8th cent. BC, it was recovered in a Tumulus at the site of Gordion.
Photograph by Will Hooton.
*Alex
Bust_attributed_to_Marcus_Aurelius_.jpg
Turkey, Ankara, Anatolian Museum of Civilisations.32 viewsBust attributed to a somewhat ill looking Marcus Aurelius.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*Alex
Bronze_tondo_of_Trajan_Decius_(2)_jpg_PNG.JPG
Turkey, Ankara, Anatolian Museum of Civilisations.40 viewsA magnificent bronze tondo of Trajan Decius. It was really tricky to photograph, the light above acts as a backlight and picking up facial details with out flash (and with a museum guard behind you to make sure you don't). And the reflective panes of glass don't help either.
Nevertheless, a wonderful piece. I am sorry I could not do any better.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*Alex
Bronze_tondo_of_Trajan_Decius_(1).jpg
Turkey, Ankara, Anatolian Museum of Civilisations.34 viewsSide view of the magnificent bronze tondo of Trajan Decius.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*Alex
A_relief_of_Hittite_troops_and_palace_officals,_dating_to_the_second_half_of_the_8th_cent__BC_.jpg
Turkey, Ankara, Anatolian Museum of Civilisations.31 viewsA relief of Hittite troops and palace officials, dating to the second half of the 8th cent. BC.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*Alex
PHRYGIAN_BOWL.JPG
Turkey, Ankara, Anatolian Museum of Civilisations.30 viewsThe Phrygians seemed to have possessed advanced metal working skills as is testified to by this bronze phiale, found at the Great Tumulus at Gordion.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*Alex
PHRYGIAN_HELMET.JPG
Turkey, Ankara, Anatolian Museum of Civilisations.29 viewsThis helmet is called the Phyrigian type, not because it is Phrygian in origin, but because of it's resemblance to the Phrygian cap. This helmet appeared in the classical section rather than the Phrygian one.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*Alex
livia.jpg
Turkey, Ankara, Anatolian Museum of Civilisations.34 viewsBust attributed to Livia.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*Alex
King_Sulumeii_offering_a_libation_to_a_god__Basalt,_10th_-_9th_cent__BC.JPG
Turkey, Ankara, Anatolian Museum of Civilisations.31 viewsKing Sulumeli offering a libation to a god. Basalt, 10th - 9th cent. BC.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*Alex
Detail_of_a_mythical_man-lion__Basalt_relief_from_Carchemish__9th_cent__BC_jpg_PNG.JPG
Turkey, Ankara, Anatolian Museum of Civilisations.35 viewsDetail of a mythical man-lion. Basalt relief from Carchemish, 9th cent. BC.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*Alex
VOTIVE_STELE.JPG
Turkey, Ankara, Anatolian Museum of Civilisations.30 viewsA votive stele, 2nd-3rd cent. BC.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*Alex
Column_of_Julian_in_Ankara.jpg
Turkey, Ankara, Column of Julian35 viewsThe Column of Julian in Ankara was erected in dedication to his visit sometime in 362 AD. It has a strange ribbed design. In fact it looks like a giant marble kebab to me.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*Alex
Ankara__baths.jpg
Turkey, Ankara, Roman Baths30 viewsPhotograph by Will Hooton*Alex
Roman_Baths__Ankara.jpg
Turkey, Ankara, Roman Baths28 viewsPhotograph by Will Hooton*Alex
Temple.JPG
Turkey, Ankara, The Temple of the Divine Augustus and Rome34 viewsThe Temple of the Divine Augustus and Rome in the centre of Ankara, which now stands besides a mosque. I was unable to get any closer due this being Ramazan, the area was cordoned off in preparation for iftar.

Photograph by Will Hooton
Joe Sermarini
Theatre,_Ankara_(1).jpg
Turkey, Ankara, Theatre (1)30 viewsNot to far from the Anatolian Museum in Ankara, a theatre is currently being excavated. It certainly looks promising, although excavation is expected to continue for a long while. To excavate something like this in the middle of a metropolitan city is quite extraordinary!
Photograph by Will Hooton
*Alex
Theatre_at_Ankara.JPG
Turkey, Ankara, Theatre (2)30 viewsAnother view of the Theatre.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*Alex
Ankara__Tombstones.JPG
Turkey, Ankara, Tombstones.33 viewsSituated in the town's palestra, a short distance away from the Roman Baths, are a large selection of Roman tombstones some of which are very interesting.
Photographs by Will Hooton
*Alex
LimyraTheater.jpg
Turkey, Antalya Province, Limyra - Theater31 viewsLimyra was a small city in Lycia on the southern coast of Asia Minor, on the Limyrus River, about 5 1/2 KM from the mouth of that river. The ruins are about 5 km northeast of the town of Finike (ancient Phoenicus) in Antalya Province, Turkey. It was a prosperous city, and one of the oldest cities in Lycia. It had rich and abundant soil, and gradually became one of the finest trade settlements in Greece. Pericles adopted it as the capital of the Lycian League. The city came under control of the Persian Empire after it was conquered by Cyrus the Great. He later annexed Lydia and its territories after a decisive victory at the Battle of Thymbra and the Siege of Sardis, where he defeated armies twice as large as his. Cyrus then got his greatest general: Harpagus of Media to conquer the much smaller kingdoms in Anatolia, while he went to conquer the Neo-Babylonian Empire. Anatolia would become an important place for the Persian monarchs who succeeded Cyrus. The massive Royal road constructed by Darius went from the Persian capital of Persepolis, to the Anatolian city of Sardis. Limyra would stay under Persian control until it was conquered and sacked by Alexander the Great. It is mentioned by Strabo (XIV, 666), Ptolemy (V, 3, 6) and several Latin authors. Gaius Caesar, adopted son of Augustus, died there (Velleius Paterculus, II, 102). Ruins consist of a theater, tombs, sarcophagi, bas-reliefs, Greek and Lycian inscriptions etc. About 3 km east of the site is the Roman Bridge at Limyra, one of the oldest segmented arch bridges of the world.

Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:LimyraTheater1.jpg
Photo by Kpisimon, 8 May 1988
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported
Joe Sermarini
JULIA_SOAEMIAS.JPG
Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.35 viewsStatue attributed to Julia Soaemias, mother of  Elagabalus.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*Alex
Herakles.JPG
Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.31 viewsStatue of Herakles.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*Alex
Hadrian.JPG
Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.35 viewsStatue of Hadrian in military dress.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*Alex
ATHENA.JPG
Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.33 viewsStatue of Athena.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*Alex
artemis_perge.JPG
Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.33 viewsStatue of Artemis, removed from Perge.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*Alex
TYCHE.JPG
Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.30 viewsTyche
Photograph by Will Hooton
*Alex
TRAJAN~0.JPG
Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.30 viewsStatue of Trajan in military dress.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*Alex
Private_Citizen.jpg
Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.30 viewsStatue of a private citizen.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*Alex
POSSIBLY_FORTUNA.JPG
Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.30 viewsStatue, probably of Fortuna.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*Alex
Mercury.JPG
Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.32 viewsStatue of Mercury.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*Alex
UNATTRIBUTED_EMPEROR.JPG
Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.31 viewsUnattributed statue of an emperor.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*Alex
The_three_Graces.jpg
Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.30 viewsThe Three Graces, removed from Perge.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*Alex
Red_figure_pottery_(3).JPG
Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.30 viewsAn example of the wonderful collection of red figure pottery housed at the museum.
Photograph by Will Hooton.
*Alex
RED_FIGURE_POTTERY_(2).JPG
Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.32 viewsAn example of the wonderful collection of red figure pottery housed at the museum.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*Alex
RED_FIGURE_POTTERY_(1).JPG
Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.27 viewsAn example of the wonderful collection of red figure pottery housed at the museum.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*Alex
Sarcophagus__Labours_of_Herakles_details.JPG
Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.31 viewsDetails from a sarcophagus featuring the 10 labours of Hercules.
Photographs by Will Hooton
*Alex
Sarcophagus__Labours_of_Herakles_.jpg
Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.32 viewsSarcophagus featuring the 10 labours of Hercules.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*Alex
Heroic_Hadrian.JPG
Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.34 viewsHeroic statue of Hadrian.
Photograph by Will Hooton
*Alex
H2.JPG
Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.34 viewsHeroic statue of Hadrian.
Photograph by Will Hooton
Joe Sermarini
H1.JPG
Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya. 32 viewsHeroic statue of Hadrian.
Photograph by Will Hooton
Joe Sermarini
Sarapis1.JPG
Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.35 viewsStatue of Serapis.
Photograph by Will Hooton
Joe Sermarini
Tyche2.JPG
Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya. 33 viewsTyche
Photograph by Will Hooton
Joe Sermarini
Athena2.JPG
Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.34 viewsStatue of Athena.
Photograph by Will Hooton
Joe Sermarini
Herakles2.JPG
Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.31 viewsStatue of Herakles.
Photograph by Will Hooton
Joe Sermarini
Hermes2.JPG
Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.36 viewsStatue of a Hermes.
Photograph by Will Hooton
Joe Sermarini
Hermes1.JPG
Turkey, Antalya, Archaeological Museum of Antalya.51 viewsStatue of a Hermes.
Photograph by Will Hooton
Joe Sermarini
Tempio_di_Afrodite_e_tetrapylon.JPG
Turkey, Aphrodisias - Aphrodite's temple with tetrapylon203 viewsMay 2011FlaviusDomitianus
Aspendos_1.JPG
Turkey, Aspendos - Theater's entrance190 viewsMay 2011FlaviusDomitianus
Aspendos_theatre_seating.jpg
Turkey, Aspendos, Roman theatre, Seating327 viewsAspendos has a strong claim to possess the best-preserved Roman theatre in the world. It dates from the mid-second century, completed during the last years of the reign of Antoninus Pius, to a design by a local architect, Zenon. The cavea seats over 10,000; walking around the top level, you can still find the original post holes for the masts fixing the velarium. 1 commentsAbu Galyon
Aspendos_theatre_stage_building.jpg
Turkey, Aspendos, Roman theatre, Stage building221 viewsThe scaenae frons is similarly largely undamaged. The stage building had secondary use, first as a caravanserai and later as a residence for the Seljuk governor of the city! Abu Galyon
s_Arch.jpg
Turkey, Attalia (Antalya) - Hadrian's gate259 viewsA stylish triple-arched gateway erected in 130 CE to mark the emperor Hadrian’s visit to the city. It’s still used as one of the principal entrances to the historic Kaleiçi quarter of today’s Antalya. And it’s a very visible reminder of how much lower the street level was in Roman times. At the base of the central arch there are quite deep grooves formed by the passage of carts: hence the glass-bottomed footbridge, designed to save the modern pedestrian from a twisted ankle. Abu Galyon
Çatalhöyük.jpg
Turkey, Çatalhöyük267 viewsÇatalhöyük (SE of Konya in Anatolia) is an outstanding Neolithic site. Excavation is ongoing, with the delicate mud brick architecture preserved under two large domes. There are no streets in Çatalhöyük; the buildings all abut one another and were accessed (using ladders) from the roof. The people of Çatalhöyük, it seems, had discovered how to construct houses, but hadn’t yet worked out the technology of doors and windows. 1 commentsAbu Galyon
UzuncaburcZeus.jpg
Turkey, Cilicia, Olba, Temple of Zeus231 viewsPhoto by Klaus-Peter Simon 1995. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olba_(ancient_city)Joe Sermarini
Tel_at_Colossae.JPG
Turkey, Colossae140 viewsAnother Anatolian tel awaiting excavation (or perhaps looters if the archaeologists delay too long): this is the site of ancient Colossae in the Lycus valley. Modern Christian pilgrims touring the ‘Seven Churches of Asia’ visit nearby Laodicea but generally ignore this place, which is slightly odd because Saint Paul did address one of his letters to the congregation resident here. Of course, there’s little to see apart from the usual surface scatter of shards. Abu Galyon
Turkey_ancient_tombs.jpg
Turkey, Dalyan - The rock tombs of Kaunos65 viewsOutside the official Kaunos archeological site, near Dalyan, Turkey there are six rock tombs on the Dalyan river (4th – 2nd century BC). The façades of the rock tombs resemble the fronts of Hellenistic temples with two Ionian pillars, a triangular pediment, an architrave with toothed friezes, and acroterions shaped like palm leaves.1 commentsJoe Sermarini
Eflatun_pinar.jpg
Turkey, Eflatun pinar188 viewsThe name means ‘lilac spring’. If you are travelling between Konya (Iconium) and Yalvaç (Pisidian Antioch) it’s only a short detour to visit this delightfully secluded site near Lake Beyşehir. The stones are the remains of a small Hittite temple or sanctuary, dating from perhaps the 14th or 13th century BCE. Abu Galyon
Theater_Elaiussa.jpg
Turkey, Elaioussa Sebaste, Islands off Cilicia, Theater68 viewsElaiussa, meaning olive, was founded in the 2nd century B.C. on a tiny island attached to the the southern coast of Anatolia (in modern-day Turkey) by a narrow isthmus in Mediterranean Sea. During the reign of Augustus, the Cappadocian king Archelaus founded a new city on the isthmus. Archelaus called it Sebaste, which is the Greek equivalent word of the Latin "Augusta." The city entered a golden age when Vespasian purged Cilicia of pirates in 74 A.D. Towards the end of the 3rd century A.D. however its importance began to wane, due in large part to incursions by the Sassanian King Shapur I in 260 and later by the Isaurians. When its neighbor Corycus began to flourish in the 6th century A.D., Elaiussa Sebaste slowly disappeared from history.

The theater, dating to the 2nd century A.D., is small with only 23 rows of seats, whose steps and decorations unfortunately succumbed to centuries of plunder. Next to the theater is the agora, built in all great probability during the imperial period. At the entrance of the agora, which is surrounded by a semi-destroyed defense wall once rose two monumental fountains in the shape of lions. Inside the agora stands a large church, its floor is covered by sand to protect the mosaic pavement. Elaiussa's only temple stands outside the city on a hill overlooking the sea; only two of the Corinthian columns of this temple, which had 12 on the long and 6 on the short side originally, are standing today. A large bath complex among the lemon groves between the temple and the agora was built with a Roman technique little used in Anatolia. The necropolis is the richest and most impressive of cities of ancient Cilicia. The "Avenue of Graves," located on a hill to the north of the city, preserves close to a hundred graves of various shapes and sizes scattered among the lemon trees. The ancient aqueducts that carried water to the ruins from the Lamos ("Lemon") river also adorn the city’s two entrances. The aqueduct to the west of the city in particular is in relatively good condition. Centuries ago the aqueduct actually ran all the way to Corycus.
Joe Sermarini
08F77.JPG
Turkey, Ephesus - Library of Celsus219 viewsThis building had two-storied façade but was three-storied.
built ca. CE 125 by Gaius Julius Aquila
once held nearly 12,000 scrolls
Johny SYSEL
terrace1.jpg
Turkey, Ephesus - Central Square466 viewsPart of the central square of the terrace houses in Ephesus.memphius
temphad.jpg
Turkey, Ephesus - Central square of Terrace Houses562 viewsPart of the central square of the terrace houses in Ephesus.1 commentsmemphius
waystr.jpg
Turkey, Ephesus - Curetes Street1269 viewsLooking down Curetes Street named after the priests who presided over the sacred fire of Hestia. The street is paved with marble slabs with sidewalks covered in mosaics.
3 commentsmemphius
Tempio_di_Domiziano.JPG
Turkey, Ephesus - Domitian's temple176 viewsMay 2011FlaviusDomitianus
08F75.JPG
Turkey, Ephesus - Gate of Augustus238 viewsgate to agoraJohny SYSEL
Ephese_Bibliotheque-2.JPG
Turkey, Ephesus - Library286 viewsEaster 20071 commentsPotator II
08F78.JPG
Turkey, Ephesus - Library of Celsus199 viewsJohny SYSEL
08F79.JPG
Turkey, Ephesus - Library of Celsus226 viewsJohny SYSEL
pubtoilets.jpg
Turkey, Ephesus - Public Toilets684 viewsMinus the slaves to warm the seats in winter and the live entertainment1 commentsmemphius
hadtemp3.jpg
Turkey, Ephesus - Relief inside temple of Hadrian605 views1 commentsmemphius
Sculptured Drum of Column from Ephesus.jpg
Turkey, Ephesus - Sculptured Drum of Column from Ephesus1084 views
08F67.JPG
Turkey, Ephesus - street connecting upper and lower town234 viewsJohny SYSEL
08F58.JPG
Turkey, Ephesus - street in upper town226 viewsJohny SYSEL
08F81.JPG
Turkey, Ephesus - street leading from harbour to agora177 viewsJohny SYSEL
08F84.JPG
Turkey, Ephesus - street leading to harbour209 viewsIn ancient times Ephesus had harbour but alluviums of local river moved coast 5,6 km further.Johny SYSEL
08F54.JPG
Turkey, Ephesus - temple of Artemis - 1 of the 7 wonders of ancien world386 viewsWe can only dream up what it was once.2 commentsJohny SYSEL
hadtempdet.jpg
Turkey, Ephesus - temple of Hadrian962 viewsA magnificent relief of Medusa filling the interior arch of the temple of Hadrian. Other reliefs of Amazons and the Olympian gods grace the interior.memphius
08F73+++++++.jpg
Turkey, Ephesus - temple of Hadrian221 viewsJohny SYSEL
Ephese_Hadrien.JPG
Turkey, Ephesus - Temple of Hadrian - Easter 2007187 viewsPotator II
terrace2.jpg
Turkey, Ephesus - Terrace House527 viewsLocated in the ongoing excavation of the upper-class terrace houses. Lovely floor mosaicmemphius
ephtheat.jpg
Turkey, Ephesus - Theater502 viewsOne of the largest in the ancient world. The apostle Paul spoke here before getting booted out for causing riots.1 commentsmemphius
08F82.JPG
Turkey, Ephesus - theatre195 viewsJohny SYSEL
08F83.JPG
Turkey, Ephesus - theatre230 views44000 spectators - maybe the largest ancient theatreJohny SYSEL
08F89.JPG
Turkey, Ephesus - theatre185 viewsJohny SYSEL
wallpainting.jpg
Turkey, Ephesus - Wall fresco441 viewsLocated in the ongoing excavation of the upper-class terrace houses. Note the opening in the wall for circulation. The entire complex must have appeared like a luxury hotel with a central arbitorium.memphius
celsus34.jpg
Turkey, Ephesus, Library of Celsus1389 viewsOne of the true glories of Ephesus is the reconstructed facade of the Library of Celsus. Dedicated in 120 A.D to the former governor of Asia Gaius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus, the library contained up to 12,000 scrolls. It was burned when the Goths sacked the city in 260 A. D. The edifice to the right is the Gate of Hadrian which connected the library to the public agora or marketplace.1 commentsmemphius
Erythrai_amphitheatre.jpg
Turkey, Erythrai amphitheatre125 viewsErythrai amphitheatre ruins in Turkey, 2009.Joe Sermarini
1280px-Antalya_-_Hadrian_#39;s_Gate.jpg
Turkey, Hadrian's Gate in Antalya127 viewsHadrian's Gate in Antalya
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antalya
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported
Ingo Mehling - 17 May 2012
Joe Sermarini
Hierapolis.JPG
Turkey, Hierapolis - Easter 2007164 viewsPotator II
23580098.jpg
Turkey, Hierapolis - main street175 viewsHierapolis was used as spa since Hellenistic times.Johny SYSEL
23579975.jpg
Turkey, Hierapolis - main street180 viewsHierapolis was used as spa since Hellenistic times.Johny SYSEL
23579803.jpg
Turkey, Hierapolis - necropolis177 viewsJohny SYSEL
23579612.jpg
Turkey, Hierapolis - necropolis175 viewsJohny SYSEL
23579518.jpg
Turkey, Hierapolis - necropolis186 viewsJohny SYSEL
23579955.jpg
Turkey, Hierapolis - roman bath159 views(northern bath)Johny SYSEL
941939.jpg
Turkey, Hierapolis - theatre181 viewsJohny SYSEL
23580149.jpg
Turkey, Hierapolis - theatre179 viewsJohny SYSEL
Teatro.JPG
Turkey, Hierapolis of Phrygia - Theater161 viewsMay 2011FlaviusDomitianus
Ilium_-_Odeon.JPG
Turkey, Ilium - Troy (Turkey) - Odeon142 viewsMay 2011FlaviusDomitianus
PICT2334a~0.jpg
Turkey, Istanbul (Constantinople)179 viewsHagia Sophia (translated holy wisdom).Erected in the 6th Century (the third church at this place) during the reign of Iustinianus I. It was the main church of the byzantine empire. After the conquering of Constantinople by the osmanic turks in 1453 it became a mosque and then since 1935 a museum.Franz-Josef M
BILD0365a.jpg
Turkey, Istanbul (Constantinople) - Halikarnassos mausoleum lion181 viewsThis is a lion from the Mausoleum of Halikarnassos (now Bodrum Turkey), one of the seven world wonders. Now in the archaeological museum of Istanbul. Behind the lion is a picture of the reconstruction of the building.The building is now nearly completely destroyed.Franz-Josef M
PICT2317a.jpg
Turkey, Istanbul (Constantinople) - Obelisk Thutmosis Hippodrom180 viewsEgypt obelisk (from Thutmosis III temple of Karnak 1471 before christ). now on the Hippodrom place (where in ancient times was a horse race-track) in Instanbul, erected under the reign of Theodosius in the year 390 after christ.Franz-Josef M
PICT2409a.jpg
Turkey, Istanbul (Constantinople) - Yerebatan Saray Cistern192 viewsThe cistern was build in the year 542 under the reign of Justinian. It is positioned near the Hagia Sophia museum. The Gorgo (a female monster with serpents instead of hairs- one view can kill) head belongs to an old unknown monument and was used here in this cistern a second time as a base of a column. The cistern consists of 336 columns. But only 2 gorgo heads can be seen in the cistern. Franz-Josef M
PICT2412mod.jpg
Turkey, Istanbul (Constantinople) - Yerebatan Saray Cistern169 viewsA mysterious place under modern Istanbul. The technical data: the cistern is 138 m long and 65 m wide, the capacity is 21 million US gallons of water or 80.000 cubic meters, 336 marble columns. Franz-Josef M
PICT2411mod.jpg
Turkey, Istanbul (Constantinople) - Yerebatan Saray Cistern175 viewsThe second Gorgo of the Cistern. I saw a third Gorgo in the Archaeological Museum of Istanbul. The original temple, from where the Gorgos were removed is still unknown. Franz-Josef M
Istanbul_Land_Wall.jpg
Turkey, Istanbul (Constantinople) The Land Wall140 viewsThe Land Wall of Theodosius stretches for 6.5 km from the Golden Horn to the Sea of Marmara. The first phase (a single wall with towers) was complete by 413; after a major earthquake in 447 the Wall was rebuilt and strengthened (a second outer screen and a moat were added), just in time to discourage Attila the Hun from attacking the city. The fortifications included 96 guard towers, each 18-20 m in height and spaced roughly 55 m apart. The Land Wall remained a formidable defensive barrier until the advent of artillery in the 15th century. Even in ruins, and with vegetables growing in the moat, it's still an impressive sight today. Abu Galyon
ATG_in_Lion_Skin_Headress_-_Alexander_Sacarcophagus_~0.JPG
Turkey, Istanbul - Alexander III in Lion Skin Head Dress - a frontal view - from the Alexander Sarcophagus in the Istanbul Museum355 viewsWe are accustomed to seeing the lion skin head dress in profile on coinage. Rarely are we afforded a more frontal view. I took this photo of Alexander the Great portrayed on the Alexander Sarcophagus in the Istanbul Museum. The head dress in nicely portrayed in three dimensions 2 commentsLloyd T
Medusa.JPG
Turkey, Istanbul - Medusa's marble head152 viewsIn the Underground Cistern, was taken from Tarsus in ancient times.
May 2011
FlaviusDomitianus
20111224_Flavius_Marcianus_Augustus_Column_Fatih_Istanbul_Turkey.jpg
Turkey, Istanbul - the Column of Marcian41 viewsThe column of emperor Marcian, Fatih, Istanbul, Turkey.

The Column of Marcian was dedicated to Marcian, built by the praefectus urbi Tatianus, sometime between 450 and 452. It still stands in modern Istanbul, though the statue of Marcian which originally topped it has been lost. Marcian also had a statue in the Forum of Arcadius, which contained the statues of several of Arcadius' successors.

Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:20111224_Flavius_Marcianus_Augustus_Column_Fatih_Istanbul_Turkey.jpg
Joe Sermarini
Cisterna.JPG
Turkey, Istanbul - Underground Cistern123 viewsMay 2011FlaviusDomitianus
DSCF8492.JPG
Turkey, Istanbul, Boukoleon Palace47 views9-6-2015
This section was built in the reign of Emperor Theophilus (829-42 AD).
The brick walls would have been clad in Marble.
The three doorways led to a balcony.
The Sea reached up to the walls in those days.
After being ransacked by the "4th Crusade" in 1204 AD, it remained abandoned, even after Michael VIII retook the city in 1261 AD.
The Ottomans never took this section over.
In 1873 AD it was partially destroyed to make way for the railway line that began at Sirkeci Station.
Masis
DSCF8396.jpg
Turkey, Istanbul, Column of Constantine52 views9-6-2015
Known locally as "Çemberlitaş" which translates as "hooped Stone" due to the Iron hoops added in 1779 AD after an earthquake and fire. The base was also reinforced at this date.
The column was inaugurated in 330 AD and originally had three more sections with a large Capital upon which was a gilded statue of Constantine in the guise of his favourite deity, Sol.
At the base of the column was said to have been a sanctuary with ancient relics stored.
A hurricane blew down the statue, Capital and upper three sections of column in 1106 AD.
In the reign of Manuel I (1143-1180 AD) a new Capital was installed with a dedicatory inscription around it which translates as "Faithful Manuel invigorated this holy work of art, which has been damaged by time."
A Cross was also placed on top of this, removed after the Ottoman conquest in 1453 AD. Bronze Wreaths are said to have covered the joints of the column, where the stone ones are today, said to have been looted by the Franks in 1204 AD.
Masis
HagiaSophia2ndFloor.jpg
Turkey, Istanbul, Hagia Sophia , picture from 2nd Floor58 views1 commentsSimon
hagiasophianight.jpg
Turkey, Istanbul, Hagia Sophia at Night39 viewsSimon
IMG_2523.JPG
Turkey, Istanbul, Maiden's Tower50 views2-6-2015
The first recorded structure on this islet dates from 1110 AD when Emperor Alexius had a tower constructed on it.
This tower was linked to another tower on the European side (the Mangana district) by an iron chain.
This tower was connected to the nearby Asian coast by a causeway upon which was built a wall.

A number of additions and uses have happened to the tower since then, the last of which were steel supports after the devastating earthquake of 17 August 1999.
Masis
IMG_2658.JPG
Turkey, Istanbul, Monastery of the Mother of God at the Spring52 views7-6-2015
The full name of this ancient complex is "Monastery of the Mother of God at the Spring" but it is often known as "Zoödochos Pege" (Life-giving spring).
The Turkish name of it and the area is "Balıklı" which translates as "place where there are fishes" due to the presence of fish in this spring.
The era of the first Church complex around this spring is given either from the time of Emperor Leo I (457-74 AD) or Justinian I (527-65 AD).
Earthquakes and enemy invasions saw numerous rebuilding of this complex through the centuries.
The last was after the Pogroms of the 1950's.
Masis
DSCF8428.JPG
Turkey, Istanbul, Mosaic Museum54 views9-6-2015
The south-western section of the Great Palace (dated to the reign of Emperor Justinian, 527-65 AD) was excavated in the years 1935-38 and 1951-54 by the University of St. Andrews.
This section comprised a Peristyle courtyard, decorated in Mosaics.
The Austrian Academy of Sciences undertook preservation work on the Mosaics in the years 1983-97.
In the photo above, you can also see the pipes inside the walls that would have water and heating.
Masis
DSCF8471.JPG
Turkey, Istanbul, Mosaic Museum51 viewsOutside the Museum is an array of columns, capitals, entablature and even marble Lions.Masis
IMG_2857.jpg
Turkey, Istanbul, Princes Islands, Proti54 views10-6-2015
The Monastery of the Transfiguration, on the island of Kınalıada (Proti).
A place of exile and burial of many members of the Byzantine aristocracy, including Emperors.
The earliest of which is said to have been Leo V (813-20 AD) but the most famous was Romanus IV (1068-71 AD).
Note the Corinthian capital in the foreground.
Like many ethnic Greek Church complexes in Turkey, this is often closed.
Masis
Rumeli_Hisari.jpg
Turkey, Istanbul, Rumeli Hisari130 viewsRumeli Hisari means ‘Rumelian Castle’: Rumelia (derived from ‘Rome’) being the Turkish word for the Balkan lands which once belonged to the Roman (Byzantine) Empire. The Rumeli Hisari was constructed in 1452 a few miles north of Constantinople on the European side of the Bosphorus by order of Sultan Mehmet II. Impressively, the whole fortress was built in less than four months. The Rumeli Hisari sits opposite an older, smaller Ottoman fort on the Asian side, the Anadolu Hisari (Anatolian Castle). Together the two forts effectively controlled traffic through the Bosphorus, cutting Constantinople off from the Black Sea and ensuring that an Ottoman army operating on the European side could be supplied from the granaries of central Anatolia. The building of Rumeli Hisari was preparation for the investment and conquest of Constantinople, which took place the following year.

The Rumeli Hisari/Anadolu Hisari forts are built at the point where the Bosphorus is most constricted (about 700m across). This is the same narrows where the Persian King Darius I over 2500 years ago built a ‘bridge of boats’ to transport his army across to attack Thrace (see Herodotus, Histories 4.87f). And these days a modern suspension bridge links Asia to Europe at the same spot, but sadly it rather spoils the view.
Abu Galyon
Kaunos_-_Theatre.jpg
Turkey, Kaunos - the Theatre120 viewsA nicely proportioned theatre of the Greek type, with 34 rows of seats (18 below the diazoma and 16 above). The two arched entrances are original. Abu Galyon
Kaunos_-_Baetyl_sanctuary.jpg
Turkey, Kaunos: The Baetyl Sanctuary135 viewsThe flat terrace above the agora and harbour of Kaunos has a long history of sacred use. In late antiquity a three-nave Christian church was constructed here. Before that (from the first century BCE) the site was a temple and temenos dedicated to Zeus Soteros. Earlier still (perhaps fifth century BCE) is this unusual round structure, built at an angle to the axis of the later temple.

When first uncovered, the structure’s purpose seemed mysterious. But the mystery was partially solved when archaeologists sank a trench underneath the central flat circular slab and found a large, roughly conical baetyl, 3.5m in height resting on bedrock about 6.5m below the present surface. This sacred stone, associated with the eponymous founder of the city, appears as a design on several of the city’s coins.

Note that the inner ring wall is plastered on its interior surface, suggesting that quantities of water (or other liquids) were involved in whatever rituals were conducted here.
Abu Galyon
1920px-The_Temple_of_Zeus_Lepsinos_at_Euromus.jpg
Turkey, Kizilcakuyu (Euromus, Caria) The Temple of Zeus Lepsinos107 viewsThe Temple of Zeus Lepsinos at Euromus was built on the site of an earlier Carian temple in the 2nd century AD during the reign of the emperor Hadrian.1 commentsJoe Sermarini
Scepsis_2009.jpg
Turkey, Kursunlutepe - ancient Skepsis, Troas 72 viewsView of the village of Kurşuntepe from the highest point of the site of ancient Skepsis.

Skepsis or Scepsis, an ancient settlement in the Troad, is today the village of Kursunlutepe, near the town of Bayramic in Turkey. The famous library of Aristotle was kept at Skepsis before being moved to Pergamum and then Alexandria. It was also home to Metrodorus of Scepsis and Demetrius of Scepsis. Several times in its history, the citizens of Skepsis were forced to move elsewhere. In 306 B.C., Antigonus evacuated Skepsis and other cities in the area and forced the residents to move to Alexandria Troas. Tradition holds that Saint Cornelius the Centurion, the first Gentile convert to Christianity, became the first bishop of Skepsis in the early days of Christianity.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skepsis
Joe Sermarini
Lystra.jpg
Turkey, Lystra135 viewsLystra has never been excavated, so the mound you’re looking at is a typical Middle Eastern ‘tel’. However, an inscription was found here (now displayed in the Konya Archaeological Museum) which makes the site identification secure. Lystra has significant New Testament links: Barnabas and Paul while visiting Lystra were mistaken for gods [Acts 14:6ff] and Paul’s companion Timothy was born here [Acts 16:1]. Abu Galyon
Miletos_2.JPG
Turkey, Miletos208 viewsEaster 20071 commentsPotator II
Miletos_Theatre.jpg
Turkey, Miletos - Theater144 viewsEaster 2007Potator II
1280px-MisisBrücke.jpg
Turkey, Misis, Roman bridge over the Pyramus39 viewsRoman bridge in Misis-Mopsuestia over the Pyramus. Constantius II built this magnificent bridge over the Pyramus (Malalas, Chronographia, XIII; P.G., XCVII, 488) afterwards it was restored by Justinian (Procopius, De Edificiis, V. 5) and it has been restored again recently. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mopsuestia Joe Sermarini
Argeo_3.JPG
Turkey, Mount Argaeus - Cappadocia120 viewsMay 2011FlaviusDomitianus
Laodicea.JPG
Turkey, near Denizli, Laodicea on the Lycus29 viewsLaodicea on the Lycus was an ancient city built on the river Lycus (Curuksu), in Lydia, later the Roman Province of Phrygia Pacatiana. It contained one of the Seven churches of Asia mentioned in the Book of Revelation. It is now near the modern city of Denizli. In 2013 the archaeological site was identified as a of World Heritage Site. The existing remains attest to its former greatness. Its many buildings include a stadium, baths, temples, a gymnasium, theaters, and a bouleuterion (Senate House). On the eastern side, the line of the ancient wall may be distinctly traced, with the remains of the Ephesus gate; there are streets traversing the town, flanked by colonnades and numerous pedestals. North of the town, towards the Lycus, are many sarcophagi, with their covers lying near them, partly embedded in the ground, and all having been long since rifled.

Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Laodicea_(2).JPG

Photo by Rjdeadly, 16 May 2012
Joe Sermarini
Perge_nymphaeum.jpg
Turkey, Nymphaeum of Perge241 viewsThe monumental fountain or nymphaeum of Perga consists of a wide pool, and behind it a two-storeyed richly worked facade. From its inscription, it is apparent that the structure was dedicated to Artemis Pergaia, Septimius Severus, his wife Julia Domna, and their sons. An inscription belonging to the facade, various facade fragments, and marble statues of Septimius Severus and his wife, all found in excavations of the nymphaeum, are now in the Antalya Museum.1 commentsJoe Sermarini
Perge_Agora.jpg
Turkey, Perga - Agora196 viewsPerge’s principal market square is a substantial space (sides approximately 75m) dating mostly from the 2nd century CE and colonnaded on all four sides. At its centre is a small circular temple (just over 13m diameter) of uncertain dedication: presumably either Hermes or (perhaps more likely) Tyche. Abu Galyon
Perge_Agora_Shop_Sign.jpg
Turkey, Perga - Agora (Shop Sign)207 viewsHidden away in one corner of the agora is this rather delightful trading sign. The meat hook and knife presumably indicate that this location was a butcher’s shop. Abu Galyon
Perga_-_Agorà_e_Macellum.JPG
Turkey, Perga - Agora and Macellum151 viewsMay 2011FlaviusDomitianus
Perge_Collonaded_Street.jpg
Turkey, Perga - Collonaded Street149 viewsPart of the wide (20m) colonnaded boulevard which runs almost the whole length of the lower city (over 500m), testimony to Perge’s importance as a commercial centre. In antiquity both sides of the street would have been lined with fancy shops, and the ‘shopping experience’ was enhanced by an ornamental water canal running down the middle of the road, fed from the nymphaeum which you can see at the far end. Beyond the nymphaeum is the path leading up to the city’s acropolis. Abu Galyon
Perga_-_Ninfeo.JPG
Turkey, Perga - Nimpheum128 viewsMay 2011FlaviusDomitianus
Perge_Roman_Baths.jpg
Turkey, Perga - Roman Baths156 viewsThe hot room (caldarium); some traces of the original marble flooring are visible at the far end. Underneath, a well-preserved hypocaust of slightly unusual design, based on pilae tiles formed into arches rather than the more common upright stacks. Abu Galyon
Acropoli.JPG
Turkey, Pergamum - Acropolis147 viewsMay 2011FlaviusDomitianus
Asclepion.JPG
Turkey, Pergamum - Asclepion131 viewsMay 2011FlaviusDomitianus
Pergamum_Theatre.jpg
Turkey, Pergamum - Theatre148 viewsThe Hellenistic theatre at Pergamum is extraordinary. It’s built into a steep hill-side, in close proximity to the city’s famous altar of Zeus, as well as to temples dedicated to Athena and Dionysus. But the constraints of the chosen site meant that the theatre could not take the ‘normal’ Greek shape (rather more than a semi-circle). Instead, to fit in the required number of seats, the cavea was extended vertically: there are 78 rows. The result is vertiginous. Abu Galyon
1280px-Perge_city_overview.jpg
Turkey, Perge city overview116 viewsRoman rule of Perge began in 188 BC, and most of the surviving ruins today date from this period. After the collapse of the Roman Empire, Perge remained inhabited until Seljuk times, before being gradually abandoned.

Source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Perge_city_overview.jpg
Joe Sermarini
Temple_of_Athena_at_Priene.jpg
Turkey, Priene, The Temple of Athena at Priene94 viewsThe Temple of Athena at Priene was started by Mausolus but completed by Alexander the Great, who hired the great Greek architect Pytheos to complete the design and construction. It is the largest temple in Priene. Pytheos situated the temple so that it had (and still has) a beautiful view over the valley and river below Alexander the Great invested heavily into rebuilding all of the Greek cities of the Ionic league following the defeat of the Persians. This classic Greek temple was done in the Ionic style and had no frieze around the top. Instead, a dentil design sat above the columns and architrave. The statue of Athena that was originally inside the temple was based on the famous statue by Phidias in the Parthenon of Athens.Joe Sermarini
Pergamain.jpg
Turkey, Ruins of the main street in Perga, capital of Pamphylia, Asia Minor.153 viewshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pamphylia. 23 February 2006. Joe Sermarini
Urfa_Castle_02.jpg
Turkey, Sanliurfa Province, Urfa - Roman Columns of Edessa21 viewsThe heritage of Roman Edessa survives today in these columns at the site of Urfa Castle, dominating the skyline of the modern city of Urfa.

Photo by Bernard Gagnon, 24 May 2014.
Joe Sermarini
Side_-_Temple_of_Athena.jpg
Turkey, Side - Temple of Athena249 viewsSide’s temple of Athena, together with an adjacent temple dedicated to Apollo and a later Byzantine basilica, occupy a spectacular site on the edge of the city’s ancient harbour. This is wonderful, picture-postcard stuff! Unfortunately, the rest of Side is a dump: a ghastly collection of bars and discos, cheap eateries, souvenir shops and garish hotels, whatever charm it once had totally destroyed by modern mass tourism. The most disappointing ancient town I’ve ever visited. 1 commentsAbu Galyon
Sunrise_apollo_side.jpg
Turkey, Side, Pamphylia Temple of Apollo 54 viewsThe ruins of the Temple of Apollo at Side, Antalya, Turkey.

The great ruins of Side are among the most notable in Asia Minor. The well-preserved city walls provide an entrance to the site through the Hellenistic main gate (Megale Pyle) of the ancient city, although this gate from the 2nd century BC is badly damaged. Next comes the colonnaded street, whose marble columns are no longer extant; all that remains are a few broken stubs near the old Roman baths. The street leads to the public bath, restored as a museum displaying statues and sarcophagi from the Roman period. Next is the square agora with the remains of the round Tyche and Fortuna temple (2nd century BC), peripteral with twelve columns, in the middle. In later times it was used as a trading center where pirates sold slaves. The remains of the theater, which was used for gladiator fights and later as a church, and the monumental gate date back to the 2nd century. The early Roman Temple of Dionysus is near the theater. The fountain gracing the entrance is restored. At the left side are the remains of a Byzantine Basilica. A public bath has also been restored. The remaining ruins of Side include three temples, an aqueduct, and a nymphaeum.

Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sunrise_apollo_side.jpg
Photo by Saffron Blaze, via http://www.mackenzie.co
Date: 21 October 2011
Authorization: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en
Joe Sermarini
Side_Tyche_temple_on_agora.jpg
Turkey, Side, Pamphylia Temple of Tyche on the commercial agora35 viewsThere are two agoras: a commercial one and one, called "State agora." On the commercial one there is a round temple, well-restored, that was dedicated to Tyche. The agora is over 8000 square meters, surrounded by columns, with shops, exedras and latrines and washing places. On it inconceivable numbers of slaves must have been traded, for during part of its history Side was a major center for pirates who stationed their fleet here. In the center stood a temple for the protective goddess of the city, Tyche. The present construction dates from the 2nd century A.D., it was in use in Byzantine times.

Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Side_Tyche_temple_on_agora_6140.jpg

Author, Date: Dosserman, 20 February 2015

Joe Sermarini
Side_Commercial_agora_panorama_2.jpg
Turkey, Side, Pamphylia The Commercial Agora40 viewsTurkey, Side, Pamphylia the Commercial Agora

The great ruins of Side are among the most notable in Asia Minor. The well-preserved city walls provide an entrance to the site through the Hellenistic main gate (Megale Pyle) of the ancient city, although this gate from the 2nd century BC is badly damaged. Next comes the colonnaded street, whose marble columns are no longer extant; all that remains are a few broken stubs near the old Roman baths. The street leads to the public bath, restored as a museum displaying statues and sarcophagi from the Roman period. Next is the square agora with the remains of the round Tyche and Fortuna temple (2nd century BC), peripteral with twelve columns, in the middle. In later times it was used as a trading center where pirates sold slaves. The remains of the theater, which was used for gladiator fights and later as a church, and the monumental gate date back to the 2nd century. The early Roman Temple of Dionysus is near the theater. The fountain gracing the entrance is restored. At the left side are the remains of a Byzantine Basilica. A public bath has also been restored. The remaining ruins of Side include three temples, an aqueduct, and a nymphaeum.

Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Side_Commercial_agora_panorama_2.jpg
Author, Date: Dosserman, 20 February 2015
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license.
Joe Sermarini
Side_Theatre.jpg
Turkey, Side, Pamphylia Theater 2nd Century AD26 viewsThe great ruins of Side are among the most notable in Asia Minor. They cover a large promontory which a wall and a moat separate from the mainland. There are colossal ruins of a theater complex, the largest in Pamphylia, built in the 2nd century A.D. Following design it relies on arches to support the sheer verticals. The Roman style was adopted because Side lacked a convenient hillside that could be hollowed out in the usual Greek fashion more typical of Asia Minor. In Greek fashion, the seating (for 15,000–20,000 people) curves 210° vice the usual 180° for a Roman theater. The stage building was ornately adorned but the decorations and the theater are damaged, in part due to a strong earthquake. The theater was converted into an open-air sanctuary with two chapels during the 5th or 6th century (Byzantine times).

Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Side_Theatre_4192.jpg

Author, Date: Dosseman, 21 March 2011

Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license.
Joe Sermarini
Side_TH_au.JPG
Turkey, Side, Pamphylia Theater 2nd Century AD Exterior29 viewsTurkey, Side, Pamphylia theater 2nd century AD, exterior. The great ruins of Side are among the most notable in Asia Minor. They cover a large promontory which a wall and a moat separate from the mainland. There are colossal ruins of a theater complex, the largest in Pamphylia, built in the 2nd century A.D. Following design it relies on arches to support the sheer verticals. The Roman style was adopted because Side lacked a convenient hillside that could be hollowed out in the usual Greek fashion more typical of Asia Minor. In Greek fashion, the seating (for 15,000–20,000 people) curves 210° vice the usual 180° for a Roman theater. The stage building was ornately adorned but the decorations and the theater are damaged, in part due to a strong earthquake. The theater was converted into an open-air sanctuary with two chapels during the 5th or 6th century (Byzantine times).

Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Side_TH_au.JPG

Author, Date: Dosseman, 21 March 2011

Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license.
Joe Sermarini
Side_Theatre_panorama.jpg
Turkey, Side, Pamphylia Theater 2nd Century AD panorama30 viewsTurkey, Side, Pamphylia, theater 2nd century AD, panorama

The great ruins of Side are among the most notable in Asia Minor. They cover a large promontory which a wall and a moat separate from the mainland. There are colossal ruins of a theater complex, the largest in Pamphylia, built in the 2nd century A.D. Following design it relies on arches to support the sheer verticals. The Roman style was adopted because Side lacked a convenient hillside that could be hollowed out in the usual Greek fashion more typical of Asia Minor. In Greek fashion, the seating (for 15,000–20,000 people) curves 210° vice the usual 180° for a Roman theater. The stage building was ornately adorned but the decorations and the theater are damaged, in part due to a strong earthquake. The theater was converted into an open-air sanctuary with two chapels during the 5th or 6th century (Byzantine times).

Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Side_Theatre_panorama.jpg

Author, Date: Dosseman, 21 March 2011

Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license.
Joe Sermarini
Termessos_-_Theatre.jpg
Turkey, Termessos - Theatre183 viewsThough Termessos is fairly close to a major tourist resort (Antalya) it’s not over-visited, perhaps because it’s a fairly steep uphill climb to reach the principal monuments from the nearest point where you can park. But the effort is worth it: the setting (inside Güllük Daği National Park) is spectacular and the ruins at this unrestored site are as romantic a pile of tumble-down stones as anyone could wish for. Abu Galyon
1024px-MisisMosaik.jpg
Turkey, Yakapinar (Mopsos) - Mosaics depicting Noah's Ark in the Misis Mosaic Museum130 viewsMosaics depicting Noah's Ark from ancient Mopsos in the Misis Mosaic Museum.1 commentsJoe Sermarini
DSCK0023.jpg
Yap Island, Micronesia362 viewsA 400-year old flagged stone trail on Yap Island, leads down to village and into a "stone money" bank. There are several similar stone money banks on the island. Way back when, the Yapese voyaged 700 miles across the sea in out-rigger canoes to the island of Palau, where they mined and wrought these stones.Mayadigger
DSCK0025.jpg
Yap Island, Micronesia, Stone money374 viewsMayadigger
DSCK0024.jpg
Yap Island, Micronesia, Stone money396 viewsThis larger example is known as "O'Keefe" money and is not as valuable as the earlier stone moneyMayadigger
   
778 files on 2 page(s) 2