Classical Numismatics Discussion Members' Gallery
  Welcome Guest. Please login or register.

Members' Gallery Home | Member Collections | Last Added | Last Comments | Most Viewed | Top Rated | My Favorities | Search Galleries
Home > Coin Collecting Theme Galleries > Ancient Sites Photo Gallery

TITLE  +   - 
FILE NAME  +   - 
DATE  +   - 
POSITION  +   - 
Walls of Balkh.jpg
Afghanistan, Balkh2315 viewsThe walls of Balkh, Afganistan1 commentsJoe Sermarini
Austria, Vienna (Vindobona) - remains of Roman house from 2nd - 4th century426 viewsWien - Michaelerplatz Johny SYSEL
Austria, Vienna (Vindobona) - remains of Roman house from 2nd - 4th century400 viewsWien - Michaelerplatz Johny SYSEL
Bulgaria, Anchialos (Pomorie) Thracian Tomb256 viewsPomorie's ancient Thracian tombJoe Sermarini
Bulgaria, Varna - Odessos, Thrace Roman Baths256 viewsOdessus, Thrace, first included into the Roman Praefectura orae maritimae and then in 15 CE annexed to the province of Moesia (later Moesia Inferior), covered 47 hectares in present-day central Varna and had prominent public baths, Thermae, erected in the late 2nd century AD, now the largest Roman remains in Bulgaria (the building was 100 m (328.08 ft) wide, 70 m (229.66 ft) long, and 25 m (82.02 ft) high) and fourth-largest known Roman baths in Europe. Joe Sermarini
China, Great Wall940 viewsIt's a wall and its great, what more do I need to say :) - Bolayi1 commentsBolayi
China, Great Wall824 viewsMutianyu Great Wall located in Huairou County, Beijing. Built on older pre-existing walls during the Ming Dynasty.Bolayi
Croatia, Pula - Chapel of St. Maria Formosa322 viewsThree naived basilica from the 6th century ADLegatus
Croatia, Pula - Colloseum274 viewsLegatus
Croatia, Pula - Colloseum267 viewsLegatus
Croatia, Pula - Colloseum247 viewsReferred to as the amphitheatre by the locals. Started by Augustus, enlarged by Claudius, and finished by the FlaviansLegatus
Croatia, Pula - Floor Mosaic256 viewsAll that remains is a floor mosaic depicting the Punishment of Dirce.Legatus
Croatia, Pula - Temple of Augustus277 viewsDedicated to Augustus, the first Roman emperor.Legatus
Croatia, Pula - Temple of Augustus252 viewsDedicated to Augustus, the first Roman emperor, this temple is exquisitely harmonious. With the spread of Christianity, the temple became a church and then a granary! Now it hosts a collection of Roman sculptureLegatus
Croatia, Pula - Triumphal Arch of Sergius191 viewsTriumphal Arch of Sergius was built in 27BC to commemorate the Sergius family who were a powerful clan at the time. Now it forms an impressive entranceway to Pula's old town.Legatus
Croatia, Pula - Twin Gate197 viewsLegatus
Croatia, Ruins of the amphitheater of Solin122 viewsRuins of the amphitheater of Salona, Dalmatia (Solin, Croatia).,_CroatiaJoe Sermarini
Croatia, Salona (Solin) - Baths124 viewsSalona (Solin), Croatia - Baths.,_CroatiaJoe Sermarini
Croatia, Salona - Amphitheatre274 viewsSplit in the backgroundJohny SYSEL
Croatia, Split - Diocletian's palace313 viewsDiocletian's palace is historical centre of Split - Croatia.1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Croatia, Split - Diocletian's palace - Cathedral of St. Domnius (St. Duje)282 viewsCathedral of St. Duje is build over Diocletian's mausoleum.Johny SYSEL
Croatia, Split - Diocletian's palace - peristyle314 viewspart of cathedrale of St. Duje in the left upper cornerJohny SYSEL
Croatia, Split - Diocletian's palace - peristyle - sphinx352 viewsDiocletian's palace is historical centre of Split - Croatia.Johny SYSEL
Croatia, Split - Diocletian's palace - silver gate368 viewseast gate leading to the centre of Split.Johny SYSEL
Croatia, Split - Diocletian's palace - temple of Jupiter249 viewslater converted to babtisteryJohny SYSEL
Croatia, Split - Diocletian's palace, basement301 viewsRomans who escaped from near Salona in 7th century reocupied Diocletian's palace. They lived in higher floors above basement. These rooms was gradually filled by garbage through holes in ceiling so basment remained preserved until these days. Johny SYSEL
Croatia, Split - Diocletian's palace, basement256 viewsRomans who escaped from near Salona in 7th century reocupied Diocletian's palace. They lived in higher floors above basement. These rooms was gradually filled by garbage through holes in ceiling so basment remained preserved until these days. Johny SYSEL
Croatia, Split - Diocletian's palace, temple of Jupiter236 viewsinterior with modern statue
Temple was converted to babtistery later.
Cyprus - Paphos - tomb311 viewsTombs were built between 400 BC and 300 AD.Johny SYSEL
cyprus 2.JPG
Cyprus, Pafos, Roman Mosaic in "The House of the Century"1170 viewsMosaic in "The House of the Century"1 commentsJeroen
cyprus 1.JPG
Cyprus, Pafos, Roman Mosaic in "The House of the Century" (Detail)870 viewsDetailJeroen
Cyprus, Paphos - theatre275 viewsJohny SYSEL
Cyprus, Paphos - tomb295 viewsTombs were built between 400 BC and 300 AD.1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Cyprus, Paphos - tomb56 viewsJohny SYSEL
Czech Republic, Morava 215 viewshypocaustum at roman military camp - times of Marcomannic WarsBohemian
Czech Republic, Morava region - Brno - V-shaped ditch of Roman temporary camp9 viewsV-shaped ditch of Roman temporary camp in Brno watching ford crosing on Svratka River in area of Marcoman tribe for while sometimes from 172 - 180 AD in time of Marcus Aurelius' Marcomannic Wars.
Dec 2017 excavated
1 commentsBohemian
Egypt, Babylon242 viewsThis elegant red and white banded brickwork is about all that remains on the surface to mark the Roman fortress of ‘Babylon in Egypt’. The Roman structure was started during the reign of Trajan on the site of an earlier Egyptian stronghold which marked the border between Lower and Middle Egypt. The fortress remained an important strategic outpost down through Byzantine times. In the fifth century the Legio XIII Gemina was stationed here. During the Arab conquest of Egypt in 640/1, Babylon endured a seven month siege before its capture.

These days most of the extensive Babylon complex lies buried under the streets of the Christian quarter of Old Cairo. The nearby medieval Coptic Orthodox Church of the Virgin Mary is popularly known as the ‘Hanging Church’ because its nave was built suspended over two towers of the Roman fort.
1 commentsAbu Galyon
Egypt, Cairo - Nilometer243 viewsThis octagonal pillar is the only surviving Nilometer in Cairo, tucked away in a kiosk on the island of Roda, in the middle of the Nile. When in use, the height of water in the pit measured the annual flooding of the river. In an ideal year the water would rise to the 16th of the marked divisions (each one cubit, approximately 52cm) decorating the column.

The Nilometer is an attribute of the titular river god, Nilus (equivalent to the Egyptian deity, Hapy), and often features on coin reverses depicting Nilus.

The surrounding structure is itself of architectural significance and dates to 861 CE. Which means those pointed arches set into the walls predate the European Gothic style by around 250 years – they could be the earliest pointed arches anywhere in the world.
1 commentsAbu Galyon
England, Colchester, Balkerne Gate196 viewsBalkerne Gate, Colchester. The largest Roman arch in Britain. Colchester and its wall were rebuilt by the Romans after Queen Boudica led a rebellion in AD 60 and detroyed the town. Image source: Sermarini
England, County of Kent, Dover: Roman Lighthouse54 viewsA visit to Dover on 20 March 2016, the Roman Lighthouse still stands within Dover Castle, which is still an important port of Britain by the English Channel. The upper 1/3 is a mix of Medieval (when it was used as a Bell Tower) and 19th century restoration (when the Church of Saint Mary, next to it, was also restored). The Lighthouse stands on the "eastern heights". There was another on the "western heights", they both guarded the entrance into the Roman harbour of Dubris (Dover) which was also an important base for the "Classis Britannica".Masis
England, London (Londinium) - city walls363 viewsmodern bronze statue of Trajan

next to Tower Hill - station of London underground
England, Roman Baths, Bath (1)123 viewsThese celebrated Roman Baths were unknown until, in 1880, sewer workers uncovered the first glimpse of Roman structures under the Georgian Spa. This led to the discovery of the Roman Baths and their treasures.

The walls, columns and parapet that surround the Great Bath today were built in the Victorian period, and the "Roman" statues that gaze down upon the pool from the upper walkway are also Victorian.

This photograph was taken in the 19th century not long after the Baths were discovered and before the Victorian structures we see today were built.
England, Roman Baths, Bath (2)117 viewsThis is a Photochrome print of the Roman Baths, Bath, England taken sometime between 1895 and 1905.
It shows the new Victorian embellishments added to the Baths since their discovery in the 1880's and which, for the most part, are the works that visitors to the site see today.
The familiar green hue of the pool seen by modern visitors is caused by algae, resulting from the water's exposure to the open air. In Roman times the pool was roofed over and its waters, while perhaps not crystal clear, would almost certainly not have been green.

Photochrome prints are coloured images produced from black-and-white photographic negatives via the direct photographic transfer of a negative onto lithographic printing plates.
France, Ambrussum, Gallia Narbonensis - Bridge over Vidourle river.661 viewsUsed to have eleven arches and still used untill the middle ages. From this bridge the via Domitia goes upwards to the settlement1 commentsBohemond
France, Ambrussum, Gallia Narbonensis - via Domitia.518 viewsVia Domitia going downhill towards the bridgeBohemond
France, Ambrussum, Gallia Narbonensis - via Domitia.574 viewsSee those wagontracks as road goes upwards from the bridge towards the settlement on the top of the hillBohemond
France, Ambrussum, Gallia Narbonensis - via Domitia.571 viewsVia Domitia winding its way uphillBohemond
France, Arles - Arena243 viewsvacationchick
France, Arles - Arena208 viewsArles Arenavacationchick
France, Arles - The Baths of Constantine213 viewsArles: The Baths of Constantinevacationchick
France, Arles - The Baths of Constantine202 viewsArles: The Baths of Constantinevacationchick
France, Arles - Theatre207 viewsArles Theatrevacationchick
France, Arles, Aquaduct265 viewsvacationchick
France, Glanum - Temple191 viewsThe remains of a temple in the ancient city of Glanum (Saint-Rémy-en-Provence). Note the fine acroterion! Syltorian
France, Glanum - Tomb Monument217 viewsOutside the walls of Glanum (now Saint-Rémy-en-Provence) stands this wonderful monument. It was erected sometime between 30-20 B.C. The inscription reads: SEX(tus) M(arcus) L(ucius) IVLIEI C(aii) •F(ilii) PARENTIBVS SVEIS (Sextus, Marcus and Lucius Iulius, sons of Caius, to their parents), and shows interesting battle scenes.
France, La Turbie - Trophée des Alpes187 viewsThis Augustan trophy towers over the French Riviera and Monaco. It celebrates Augustus' pacification of the Alps and his victory over 45 tribes. (also mentioned by Pliny, Nat. Hist. III,136-137) Pity about the rainy weather when this photograph was taken.
France, Nemausus - Amphitheatre198 viewsThe Roman amphitheatre of the Colonia Nemausus still stands. On the top, holed stones for holding the velum can be seen. The "Arènes" are still in use today, mainly for bull fights as the more modern statue in front shows. Syltorian
France, Nemausus - Bollard244 viewsNîmes was founded by Augustus, with veterans from his Egyptian campaigns. The coin-type with the crocodile chained to a palm is famous, and still used by Nîmes as its coat of arms today. Here it appears on one of the (modern) bollards set up around the ancient amphitheatre.1 commentsSyltorian
France, Nemausus - Crocodile Fountain205 viewsThis fountain is not ancient, but represents the famous coin-type of the ancient city of Nemausus, showing a crocodile chained to a palm-tree. Syltorian
France, Nemausus - Relief on the Amphitheatre229 viewsThis relief is found above one of the arches of the ancient amphitheatre of Nemausus. It's rather worn, but two gladiators can still be seen. Syltorian
France, Nemausus - Tour Magne179 viewsPart of the city walls of Nemausus, this is a massive Roman watch-tower with an octagonal base and a round top, it's 32 meters high now, and had another 4 meters in ancient times. Syltorian
France, Nimes - Arena152 viewsNimes Arenavacationchick
France, Nimes - Arena151 viewsvacationchick
France, Nimes - Arena169 viewsvacationchick
France, Nimes - Arena museum158 viewsvacationchick
France, Nimes - Jardins de la Fontaine144 viewsDecorated with vases and statues, the Jardins de la Fontaine count as one of the major public gardens in Europe. They were laid out in the eighteenth century on the site of the ancient spring, an area that includes the Tour Magne and the Temple of Diana.vacationchick
France, Nimes - Jardins de la Fontaine132 viewsDecorated with vases and statues, the Jardins de la Fontaine count as one of the major public gardens in Europe. They were laid out in the eighteenth century on the site of the ancient spring, an area that includes the Tour Magne and the Temple of Diana.vacationchick
France, Nimes - Jardins de la Fontaine124 viewsDecorated with vases and statues, the Jardins de la Fontaine count as one of the major public gardens in Europe. They were laid out in the eighteenth century on the site of the ancient spring, an area that includes the Tour Magne and the Temple of Diana.vacationchick
France, Nimes - Roman tower150 viewsMont Cavalier is crowned by the Tour Magne ("Great Tower"), a ruined Roman tower.vacationchick
France, Nimes - temple184 viewsvacationchick
France, Nimes - temple143 viewsvacationchick
France, Nimes - temple144 viewsvacationchick
France, Nimes - Temple of Diane127 viewsvacationchick
France, Nimes - The Castellum139 viewsThis is the end point for the aquaduct that crossed the Pont du Gard. From here water was distributed to public fountains, monuments and different areas of the city via lead pipes.vacationchick
France, Orange - Triumphal Arch209 viewsIt was built on the former via Agrippa to honor the veterans of the Gallic Wars and Legio II Augusta. It was later reconstructed by emperor Tiberius to celebrate the victories of Germanicus over the German tribes in Rhineland.pax
France, Paris, Arena of Lutetia33 viewsThe Roman Arena that was discovered by Théodore Vaquer during the building of Rue Monge, in the 5th arrondissement, between 1860–1869. It was first built in the 1st century AD. Victor Hugo created a preservation committee called "la Société des Amis des Arènes" to preserve it. However in the photo, taken by me in May 2014, can be seen the line of apartments on Rue Monge that cover the remaining third of the Arena.Masis
France, Paris, Roman Baths28 viewsThe Roman Baths of Cluny, Paris. Dated to the 3rd century AD, thought to have been paid for by the guild of "Lutetian Boatmen". The complex is now incorporated into the National Museum of the Middle Ages. Photo taken by me in May 2014.Masis
France, Pont du Gard - aqueduct157 viewsvacationchick
France, Pont du Gard - aqueduct149 viewsvacationchick
France, Sommiéres - Roman bridge565 views17 arch bridge built on orders of Tiberius to cross the river Vidourle and enable to connect Nemausis ( Nîmes ) with Tolosa ( Toulouse ).Bohemond
France, Sommiéres - Roman Bridge481 views17 arch bridge built on orders of Tiberius to cross the river Vidourle and enable to connect Nemausis ( Nîmes ) with Tolosa ( Toulouse ).Bohemond
France, St Romain en Gal147 viewsmosaicvacationchick
France, St Romain-en-Gal166 viewsmosaicvacationchick
France, St Romain-en-Gal171 viewsmosaicvacationchick
France, St Romain-en-Gal155 viewshousesvacationchick
France, St Romain-en-Gal172 viewsfrescoes and mosaicsvacationchick
France, St Romain-en-Gal147 viewsstatuevacationchick
France, St Romain-en-Gal170 viewsroad... did it lead to Rome?vacationchick
France, St Romain-en-Gal154 viewsmosaics and pillarsvacationchick
France, St Romain-en-Gal153 viewsmosaicvacationchick
France, St Romain-en-Gal166 viewsmosaicsvacationchick
France, St Romain-en-Gal - public toilet159 viewspublic toiletvacationchick
France, Vienne155 viewsarchesvacationchick
Germany, Berlin, The propylon of the Sanctuary of Athena Nikephoros from the Pergamon Acropolis, Pergamon Museum Berlin96 viewsThe monumental gateway, which stood at the northeast corner of the sanctuary, was built by Eumenes II in the early 2nd century BC. The two-storey building, had a porch of four Doric columns (tetrastyle) on the ground floor, above which was a dedicatory inscription by Eumenes to Athena Nikephoros. The upper storey was a balcony with four Ionic columns and fronted by a military frieze depicting armour and weapons. The Sanctuary of Athena Nikephoros, on the southwest corner of the walled citadel on the Acropolis, was one of Pergamon's oldest religious centres, used for the worship of Athena and Nike. The cult of Athena at Pergamon had associations with the city's mythical founder Telephos, the son of Herakles and Auge, who was a priestess of Athena. The Attalid rulers of Pergamon claimed to be descendants of Telephos, and thus of Herakles and Auge.Joe Sermarini
Germany, Trier - Amphitheater463 viewsUnder the ArenaW. Kutschenko
Germany, Trier - Amphitheater395 viewsThe way into arenaW. Kutschenko
Germany, Trier - Amphitheater449 viewsThe arena, built in the 2nd century A.D. for cruel games with gladiators and animals, had a seating capacity of about 20,000. W. Kutschenko
Germany, Trier - Amphitheater416 viewsthe entranceW. Kutschenko
Germany, Trier - Basilika390 viewsLater on, the archbishop used it as his administrative center and it was enlarged by three palace wings after 1614W. Kutschenko
Germany, Trier - Basilika409 viewsUnbelievable size: 27 m (90 ft) wide, 33 m (108 ft) high, and 67 m (220 ft) long - with an adjoining hall outside even 75 m (250 ft).W. Kutschenko
Germany, Trier - Basilika457 viewsThe so-called Basilika, Constantine's throne room, is the largest surviving single-room structure from Roman times. The Romans wanted the architecture to express the magnificence and might of the emperor.
It is used as a church now.
W. Kutschenko
Germany, Trier - Imperial baths384 viewsGoing to the baths was an important part of Roman life: Over 1600 years ago, the Romans built one of the grandest and most impressive baths in the world: the Imperial Baths. W. Kutschenko
Germany, Trier - Porta Nigra449 viewsThe gate dates back to a time (about A.D. 180) when the Romans often erected public buildings of huge stone blocks (here, the biggest weigh up to six metric tons).W. Kutschenko
Germany, Trier - Porta Nigra406 viewsthe other side of the gateW. Kutschenko
Greece, Amphipolis: The Lion of Amphipolis144 viewsThe first pieces of this rather grand monument were discovered near the banks of the River Strymon in 1912 by Greek soldiers during the Second Balkan War. Further finds were made in 1916 and in 1930-32 during the creation of Lake Kerkini. The Lion was restored (and partly reconstructed) in 1937.

The sculpted Lion itself is 5.3m tall, on its base it stands over 8m high. It is plausibly dated to the late 4th century BCE. Recent work on the Kasta Tomb, which is about 4km distant, has revealed further fragments also apparently belonging to the Lion and it may be the case that the Lion originally surmounted that tomb and was only later moved to its present location.

Nobody knows what or who the monument commemorates; perhaps ongoing work on the Kasta Tomb will illuminate matters. A quite similar, somewhat smaller, statue, the “The Lion of Chaeronea”, honours the Sacred Band of Thebes, which was wiped out at the battle of Chaeronea in 338 BCE. But while several ancient sources (including Pausanias and Strabo) mention the Chaeronea lion and the circumstances of its construction, there is no ancient record of the Amphipolis lion.
1 commentsAbu Galyon
Slab of the North Parthenon Frieze.jpg
Greece, Athens - Acropolis, Parthenon, Slab of the North Parthenon Frieze603 views
The Erectheum.jpg
Greece, Athens - Acropolis, The Erectheum782 views
Greece, Athens - Entrance to the Athens Numismatic Museum660 viewsThe former mansion of noted amateur archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann. What was inside those doors was truly marvelous.1 commentsmemphius
Greece, Athens - Odeon of Herodes Atticus503 viewsBuilt in 161 AD1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Greece, Athens - Parthenon409 viewsTemple of Athena built by Perikles.1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Greece, Athens - Temple of Hephaestus and Athena Ergane453 viewsalso Theseion
Temple was used as church in christian times.
1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Greece, Athens - Temple of Olympian Zeus288 viewscompleted by HadrianusJohny SYSEL
Greece, Athens - The Gate of Schliemann's House - Athens201 viewsNot exactly an ancient site but as the home of the Greek Numismatic Museum it houses one of the great collections of ancient coins .... a must see on any visit to Athens.

This is photo is of one of the wrought iron gates of Schliemann’s Athenian mansion constructed in 1878/9. The swastika motif derives from his Trojan excavations and borders a design of winged sphinxes and acanthus leaves capped by an owl with spread wings.
Lloyd T
Greece, Athens - The Temple of Olympian Zeus 170 viewsLloyd T
Greece, Athens - Theatre of Dionysus278 views17000 spectratorsJohny SYSEL
Greece, Athens - tower of the Winds309 viewson the Roman agora,
built in 50 BC - maybe earlier
East Front of the Parthenon, Restored and Dissected.jpg
Greece, Athens, Acropolis, Parthenon, East Front of the Parthenon Restored and Dissected733 viewsJoe Sermarini
Northwest Corner of the Parthenon.jpg
Greece, Athens, Acropolis, Parthenon, North West Corner of the Parthenon719 views1 comments
Greece, Athens, The Acropolis from the Pnyx.163 viewsThe Pnyx, the home of democracy is the sloping area in the foreground, while the Acropolis dominates the background. Here assembled the Athenian citizen body to hear the great Athenian masters of rhetoric and to cast their votes on the most momentous decisions in the history of ancient Athens. The speaker's platform cut from the rear bedrock face of the Pnyx is to be seen in the centre right. As seen here the remains of the Pynx date from its third and final phase of development in the mid-fourth century BC when it was greatly expanded to accommodate the growing citizen body.Lloyd
Greece, Athens, The Approach to the Pynx from the Agora196 viewsThe home of democracy, the Pnyx was rebuilt and expanded in the 3rd quarter of the 4th century B.C., probably around 345-335 B.C. A massive, curved, retaining wall was built, as seen in this image. The steps of the old walkway from the Agora are visible and overbuilt by the retaining wall. Great Athenians such as Themistocles, Pericles and Socrates would have walked this path and steps in the heady days of the zenith Athenian democracy. 1 commentsLloyd
Greece, Athens, The Pnyx - outer stone retaining wall.193 viewsThe home of democracy, the Pnyx was rebuilt and expanded in the 3rd quarter of the 4th century B.C., probably around 345-335 B.C. A massive, curved, retaining wall was built, as seen in this image. The steps of the old walkway from the Agora are visible and overbuilt by the retaining wall. Great Athenians such as Themistocles, Pericles and Socrates wolud have walked ths path and steps in the heady days of the zenith Athenian democracy. 1 commentsLloyd
Greece, Bassae - Temple of Apollo Epikuros366 viewsbuilt 450 - 400 BC
designed by Iktinos - architect of the Temple of Hephaestus and the Parthenon
!!! There is the earliest example of Corinthian capital. Corinthian capital is in interior, exterior is built in Doric style.
Greece, Cape Sounion - The Temple of Poseidon253 viewsAccording to legend, Cape Sounion is the spot where Aegeus, king of Athens, leapt to his death off the cliff, thus giving his name to the Aegean Sea.1 commentsLloyd T
Greece, Corinth189 viewsApril 2011pitbull
Greece, Corinth -- April 2011156 viewspitbull
Greece, Corinth - Peirene fountain - Acrocorinth in the background247 viewsJohny SYSEL
Greece, Corinth - temlpe of Apollo - Acrocorinth in the background283 viewsCorinth was completely destroyed by Romans in 146 BC - except this temple. Romans built new Corinth 100 years later.Johny SYSEL
Greece, Corinth – the Bema34 viewsThe bema of Corinth is a prominent raised platform in the south-central part of the ancient agora. The bema is the traditional civic location where public orations (political or ceremonial) would have been given and where legal cases were brought for trial. In Acts 18:12 the βημα is given as the place where Paul the apostle is accused before Gallio, the proconsul of Achaea (Lucius Junius Gallio Annaeanus). Gallio, however, declines to become involved in what he regards as a purely Jewish dispute.

The hill in the background is, of course, the city’s acropolis, the Acrocorinth.
Abu Galyon
Greece, Crete - Phaistos223 viewsMinoan palaceJohny SYSEL
Greece, Crete, Knossos - palace216 viewscenter of Minoan culture - the first civilization in Europe
Old palace is from 19th to 16th centuries BC
Greece, Crete, Knossos - palace215 viewscenter of Minoan culture - the first civilization in Europe
Old palace is from 19th to 16th centuries BC
Greece, Delos - an altar184 viewsLloyd T
Greece, Delos - detail of the ancient pathway to Mt Kinthos237 viewsLloyd T
Greece, Delos - from the summit of Mt Kinthos221 viewsAt its peak in the second century BC up to 10,000 slaves per day were trafficked through the slave market at Delos which was focused on the commercial port area to the left of center in the middle distance of this image.Lloyd T
Greece, Delos - Grotto of Hercules215 viewsTo be found at the foot of the approach of Mt Kinthos.Lloyd T
Greece, Delos - household well193 viewsWater supply was a problem on the dry island of Delos. The solution was found in a mix of cisterns and wells. Cisterns retained the water from the sparse winter rains, while small wells are to be found frequently in residences as illustrated by this example.Lloyd T
Greece, Delos - Maritime Quarter Streetscape204 viewsLloyd T
Greece, Delos - Mosaic Floor in the Maritime Quarter205 viewsInterestingly this mosaic floor features the symbol of Tanit a Carthaginian goddess.Lloyd T
Greece, Delos - On the Ascent of Mt Kinthos178 viewsLloyd T
Greece, Delos - On the Ascent to the Summit of Mt Kinthos177 viewsThis sort of material is to be found everywhere on the site of ancient Delos.Lloyd T
Greece, Delos - Temple of Issis208 viewsThe Cycladic island of Delos was revered in antiquity as the birthplace of Apollo and Artemis. During the early Classical era it was a sacred religious precinct dedicated to the worship of these gods. In the late fifth century BC, at the peak of its role as a religious sanctuary, neither birth nor death was permitted to occur on the island. However, commercial imperatives were soon to over ride this religious taboo. Delos occupied a central position with respect to the trade routes of the Mediterranean, so that by the late 3rd century BC commercial activity overtook its role as a religious sanctuary. The sacred character of the island dissipated, displaced by a cosmopolitan trading centre. By the 2nd century BC it had evolved to become the centre of the Mediterranean slave trade. Strabo recorded that up to 10,000 people per day were trafficked through its slave market. This role continued into the early Roman era, until in 88 BC Mithradates VI, King of Pontus, decimated the population in an attack on the island. In 69 BC the pirates of Athenodoros destroyed what remained of the commercial centre of Delos and it fell into decline, to be effectively abandoned by the 6th century AD.Lloyd T
Greece, Delos - the ancient theatre177 viewsLloyd T
Greece, Delos - Wall in the Maritime Quarter250 viewsRemnant plasterwork and painting illustrates how the coarse stone walls were finished in the residential area that is the Maritime Quarter.1 commentsLloyd T
Greece, Delos water cistern209 viewsWater supply was a problem on the dry island of Delos. The solution was found in a mix of cisterns and wells. Cisterns retained the water from the sparse winter rains, while small wells are to be found frequently in residences.Lloyd T
Greece, Delphi - Ionian column and treasure of Athens245 viewsJohny SYSEL
Greece, Delphi - overlooking the Temple of Apollo229 views1 commentsLloyd T
Greece, Delphi - Profile of the Charioteer of Delphi263 viewsDating from the early fifth century BC, this is one of the most hauntingly beautiful works of art. It still speaks after 2,500 years.2 commentsLloyd T
Greece, Delphi - temple of Apollo325 views1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Greece, Delphi - The Charioteer of Delphi231 viewsThe life-size statue of a chariot driver was found in 1896 at the Sanctuary of Apollo in Delphi. It is now in the Delphi Archaeological Museum.

The statue was erected at Delphi in 474 BC, to commemorate the victory of a chariot team in the Pythian Games, which were held at Delphi every four years in honor of Pythean Apollo.

The beauty of this work is breathtaking.
1 commentsLloyd T
Greece, Delphi - The Charioteer of Delphi169 viewsThe life-size statue of a chariot driver was found in 1896 at the Sanctuary of Apollo in Delphi. It is now in the Delphi Archaeological Museum.

The statue was erected at Delphi in 474 BC, to commemorate the victory of a chariot team in the Pythian Games, which were held at Delphi every four years in honor of Pythean Apollo.
Lloyd T
Greece, Delphi - The Head of the Charioteer of Delphi200 viewsThe life-size statue of a chariot driver was found in 1896 at the Sanctuary of Apollo in Delphi. It is now in the Delphi Archaeological Museum.

The statue was erected at Delphi in 474 BC, to commemorate the victory of a chariot team in the Pythian Games, which were held at Delphi every four years in honor of Pythean Apollo.
Lloyd T
Greece, Delphi - The Stadium at Delphi188 viewsLooking from the marker at the farthest end from the starting line.Lloyd T
Greece, Delphi - The Temple of Apollo at Delphi192 viewsLloyd T
Greece, Delphi - The Theatre at Delphi overlooking the Temple of Apollo with the Treasury of the Athenians in the background187 viewsLloyd T
Greece, Delphi - theatre330 views1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Greece, Delphi - tholos290 views1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Greece, Didyma, The ruins of the Temple of Apollo at Didyma208 views commentsJoe Sermarini
Greece, Epidaurus - theatre288 views1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Greece, Gortys (Peloponnese Arcadia) - sanctuary of Asclepius316 viewsGortys lost its influence after foundation of Megalopolis in 371 BC.1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Greece, Kos - agora205 viewsKos is place where Hippocrates (father of medicine) was born.Johny SYSEL
Greece, Kos - Asclepieion220 viewsparts of column, temple in the back ground.
Kos is place where Hippocrates (father of medicine) was born.
1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Greece, Kos - Asclepieion - mosaique of Satyr?184 viewsJohny SYSEL
Greece, Messene - ancient spring187 viewsJohny SYSEL
Greece, Messene - Arcadian gate192 viewsJohny SYSEL
Greece, Messene - Ekklesiasterion205 viewsJohny SYSEL
Greece, Messene - Stadium200 viewsJohny SYSEL
Greece, Messene - Stadium - "VIP sector"190 viewsJohny SYSEL
Greece, Messene - Stadium - votiv column182 viewsJohny SYSEL
Greece, Messene - theatre193 viewsentrance to koilon - auditoriumJohny SYSEL
Greece, Mycenae - Lion gate176 viewsJohny SYSEL
Greece, Mycenae - The Lion Gate308 viewsI waited a long time for this shot, the nanosecond when any one of the thousands of visitors swarming over the site wasn't visible in the frame. Sometimes you get lucky!2 commentsLloyd T
Greece, Mycenae - tomb of Klytaimnéstra171 viewsJohny SYSEL
Greece, Mycenian bridge181 viewsbetween Nafplio and EpidaurusJohny SYSEL
Greece, Olympia - Entrence to Olypmic stadium165 viewsJohny SYSEL
Greece, Olympia - Epigraphy172 viewsTo be found on the approach to the ancient Olympic stadium.Lloyd T
Greece, Olympia - epigraphy176 viewsTo be found on the approach to the ancient Olympic stadium.Lloyd T
Greece, Olympia - In the Stadium at Olympia144 viewsThe winner of the 2006 Ride on Mower final crosses the line in the stadium.Lloyd T
Greece, Olympia - start line at Olympic stadium165 viewsgrooves hold Athlets' toes during startJohny SYSEL
Greece, Olympia - temple of Hera163 viewsJohny SYSEL
Greece, Olympia - Temple of Hera161 viewsLloyd T
Greece, Olympia - Temple of Zeus fallen columns168 viewsLloyd T
Greece, Olympia - tholos149 viewsJohny SYSEL
Greece, Olympia in Spring213 viewsA magical site at any time, but resplendent in Spring!1 commentsLloyd T
Greece, Philippi159 viewsPhilippi is site of famous battle. Marcus Antonius and Octavius defeated Brutus and Cassius.
Philippi is also the first place in Europe where St. Paul evangelized. He was kept in prison there too.
Greece, Rhodes118 viewssteps to the Acropolis of Lindos on RhodesFranz-Josef M
Greece, Rhodes120 viewsView on the acropolis of LindosFranz-Josef M
Greece, Rhodes103 viewsship carved in the rock on the acropolis of LindosFranz-Josef M
Greece, Rhodes Acropolis of Lindos119 viewsIn the background you can see the steep steps of medieval time.Franz-Josef M
Greece, Rhodes grave of Kleobulos107 viewsHellenistic grave - it was named after one of the seven wise man, Kleobulos who lived in Lindos.Franz-Josef M
Greece, Rhodes grave of Kleobulos 88 viewsThe grave was used as a chapel in the medievalFranz-Josef M
Greece, Rhodes Lindos 99 viewsLindos Acropolis and villageFranz-Josef M
Greece, Rhodes Lindos105 viewsRestored Stoa on the acropolis of LindosFranz-Josef M
Greece, Rhodes Lindos inscription 95 viewsFranz-Josef M
Greece, Rhodes plan of Lindos112 views1 semicircular exedra
2 relief of a ship
3 medieval stairway
4 medieval headquarter building
5 Byzantine church
6 hellenistic vaults
7 roman temple
8 late hellenistic stairway
9 hellenistic stoa
10 propylaion stairway
11 propylaion
12 temple of athena lindos
13 portico of Psithyros
Franz-Josef M
Greece, Sounion - The Temple of Poseidon182 viewsNot so ancient graffiti!1 commentsLloyd T
Greece, Temple of Poseidon at Sounion30 viewscmcdon0923
Greece, Thasos - agora130 viewsJohny SYSEL
Greece, Thasos - theatre136 viewsphoto was taken in 2000
now theatre is reconstructed :-(
Greece, The acropolis at Sounion and the Temple of Poseidon, from across the harbor.30 viewsTaken September 29, 2016cmcdon0923
Greece, Thera - Akrotiri 119 viewsMinoan settelment was destroyed by the great Thera eruption around 1628 BC which caused the end of Neopalatial period on Crete. People managed to evacuate Thera before eruption unlike Pompeii but probably they were killed by tsunami on Crete coast.

wikipedia:"Minoans possessed advanced engineering knowledge enabling the construction of three- and four-story buildings with intricate water piping systems, advanced air-flow management, and earthquake-resistant wood and masonry walls."
Greece, Thera - Akrotiri 232 viewsMinoan settelment destroyed by the great Thera eruption around 1628 BC which caused the end of Neopalatial period on Crete. Thera could be mythical Atlantis.2 commentsJohny SYSEL
Greece, Thessaloniki - Arch of Galerius304 viewsBohemond
Greece, Thessaloniki - Arch of Galerius330 viewsBohemond
Greece, Thessaloniki - Arch of Galerius332 viewsBohemond
Greece, Thessaloniki - Arch of Galerius335 viewsBohemond
Greece, Thessaloniki - Arch of Galerius327 viewsBohemond
Greece, Tiryns136 viewsTiryns reached its height between 1400 and 1200 BC.
Tiryns is famous for its cyclopean tunnels and especially its walls.
Walls of Tiryns are first referenced by Homer.
Iran, Pasargadae (Fars province)13 viewsPart of one of Kyros’ two royal palaces, the audience hall.
Sections of massive columns and a relief showing a bull being led by a guard. The 2 square covered structures in the center may have been put up later as protection for exposed column bases.
1 commentsSchatz
Iran, Pasargadae (Fars province), a UNESCO World Heritage Site8 viewsA massive wall of the fortified terrace at Pasargadae called Throne of Solomon’s Mother
On a plain surrounded by gently rolling hills, about 25 mi north of Persepolis, king Kyros II (the Great) founded the first capital of the multinational Achaemenid empire in the middle of the 6th cent. BC. What is left of it are the remains of 2 royal palaces, a large fortified terrace, and the mausoleum of Kyros II (at the time of my visit heavily scaffolded and therefore unphotographed). After Kyros’ death the capital was used for a while by his successor Kambyses.
Iran, Ardashir I, 224 - 242 AD15 viewsThe investiture of the first Sasanian king, Ardashir I, by Ahura Mazda (left), a rock relief in Naqsh-e-Rostam north of Persepolis.1 commentsSchatz
Iran, Bisitun11 viewsThe Parthian figures to the right of the Safavid plate are thought to represent king Gotarzes II (38 - 51 AD) on horseback after his victory over Meherdates, having his head adorned with a wreath or diadem by an angel. The head of another horseman’s head is visible on the left side.
Iran, Bisitun9 viewsAlong the path to the main attraction there are two badly preserved Parthian reliefs, most likely from the first cent. BC and the first cent. AD. They show king Mithradates II (ca. 123 - 90 BC) receiving a delegation of four dignitaries (to the left of the defacing 17. cent. AD Safavid plate). The inscription on top of the Mithradates’ relief is in Greek.
Iran, Bisitun12 viewsCloser view of the main relief showing King Dareios I with his defeated rivals. Unfortunately there were no camera drones when this picture was taken.
Iran, Bisitun (Behistun), Kermanshah Province10 viewsOn the road from Hamadan (ancient Ekbatana) to the city of Kermanshah halfway up Mount Bisitun a number of unique bas reliefs from about 520 BC catch the eye. The Achaemenid king Dareios I (522 - 486 BC) had the largest one chiseled into the face of the mountain to tell the world of his triumph over his rival Gaumata and nine other rebels. The sensational part of the relief are the extensive cuneiform inscriptions above, below, and to the sides of the figures. They are in Elamite, Babylonian, and Old Persian, the latter a language which was created on the king’s order since up to then there was no written Persian language. The creation is a mixture of Elamite, Babylonian, and Aramaic. It was not deciphered until the middle of the 18th cent. AD by a British officer, adventurer, and amateur archeologist Sir Henry Rawlinson.
Iran, Bisitun, Kermanshah Province8 viewsMithradates II depicted receiving dignitaries. The relief is partly erased by the 17th cent. Safavid addition.

Sorry, the Bisitun pics are in reverse order. The Herakles sculpture should be the first of the bunch.
Iran, Bisitun, Kermanshah Province9 viewsAt the entrance to the bas relief face of Mount Bisotun, some yards up, a sculpture of Herakles rests on a lion skin, cup in hand, club, bow and quiver behind him. It dates back to the year 148 BC.Schatz
Iran, Hamadan, the tomb of the biblical Esther and her cousin Mordechai37 viewsThe tomb in the photo, located in Hamadan, is believed by some to hold the remains of the biblical Esther and her cousin Mordechai.

Hamedan, Iran, is believed to be among the oldest cities in the world. Hamadan was established by the Medes and was the capital of the Median empire. It then became one of several capital cities of the Achaemenid Dynasty. Hamadan is mentioned in the biblical book of Ezra as the place where a scroll was found giving the Jews permission from King Darius to rebuild the temple in Jerusalem. (Ezra 6:2). Its ancient name of Ecbatana is used in the Ezra text. Because it was a mile above sea level, it was a good place to preserve leather documents.
Joe Sermarini
Iran, Naqsh-e-Rajab, Fars Province17 viewsThe investiture of Ardashir I (left) by Ahura Mazda2 commentsSchatz
Iran, Naqsh-e-Rostam, Fars Province11 viewsOn a steep rock face just a few miles north of Persepolis lies the necropolis of the Achaemenid kings consisting of the tombs of Dareios I and three of his successors (the fourth tomb is around the corner). Some time after this picture was taken, the sandy hill in front of the rock was removed so that one could see the Sasanian rock reliefs between and below the tombs from a distance.
Iran, Naqsh-e-Rostam, Fars Province 11 viewsInvestiture of Ardashir I (226-242 AD) by Ahura Mazda. Under their horses’ hooves crushed enemies, in the case of Ardashir the last Parthian king Artabanos IV. The bilingual inscription (Middle Persian and Parthian) for the first time mentions the name ‘ērān’ (Iran).Schatz
Iran, Naqsh-e-Rostam, Fars Province9 viewsThe tomb of Dareios I (522-486 BC)is the only one identified with certainty from the head of the relief. The others are believed to be those of Xerxes I (486-465 BC), Artaxerxes I (465-424 BC), and Dareios II (423-404 BC).Schatz
Iran, Naqsh-e-Rostam, Fars Province8 viewsThe top of this tomb shows king Dareios I worshiping in front of a fire altar with Ahura Mazda’s symbol above.Schatz
Iran, Naqsh-e-Rostam, Fars Province14 viewsThe Sasanian king Shahpur I (241-272 AD) with his characteristic hairdo, the korymbos, in front of two prisoners, the supplicant Roman emperor Valerian and Philip the Arab after the battle of Edessa in 240 AD
Iran, Naqsh-e-Rostam, Fars Province17 viewsThe grandee relief of King Bahram II (276-293 AD) surrounded by his entourage
Iran, Naqsh-e-Rostam, Fars Province14 viewsBahram II in combat with a mounted Roman
Iran, Naqsh-e-Rostam, Fars Province15 viewsTwo-panel equestrian relief showing the exploits of Bahram II, most likely against a Roman on the upper part, on the lower panel perhaps against an Indo-Sasanian ruler.Schatz
Iran, Naqsh-e-Rostam, Fars Province15 viewsThe investiture of Narseh (293-303 AD) by the goddess AnahitaSchatz
Iran, Naqsh-e-Rostam, Fars Province17 viewsPart of the relief showing Hormizd II (303-309 AD) toppling a mounted enemy.Schatz
Iran, The Anahita temple in Kangavar (Kermanshah)9 viewsor what is left of it. It dates back to Sasanian times (around 500 AD) and was dedicated to the goddess of water and fertility, Anahita, the only female in the Old Persian pantheon. Originally built on a square base, the temple must have been an impressive structure. As late as 1840, a traveler reported having seen 8 massive intact columns.
Iran, The Anahita temple in Kangavar (Kermanshahr)18 viewsI found a coin in this location, unfortunately not a Parthian or Sasanian drachm, but a rusty Byzantine bronze follis from the 11th cent. AD. The Silk Road was everywhere!
1 commentsSchatz
Israel - Bar'am Synagogue299 viewsThis is one of the oldest synagogues in all of Israel.aarmale
Israel, Caesarea835 viewsThe ancient Roman port of Caesarea Maritima in Judaea (now Israel). This port was built by Herod the Great in the 1st century BCE. The view is of a portion of the aquaduct that brought water from the Carmel, just south of Haifa.2 commentsDaniel Friedman
Israel, Caesarea Maritima 188 viewsThe view north from Herod's Palace, looking over the hippodrome to the ancient port area beyond the distant headland.1 commentsLloyd
Israel, Caesarea Maritima - Amphitheatre280 views‘Amphitheatre’ is how Josephus describes this structure (Antiquities 15.341). It was designed to be suitable for races, athletics, and probably more violent entertainments. It measures about 50 x 290 m. Nearby in the city there is a more traditional semi-circular Roman amphitheatre. And a larger (90 x 450 m) hippodrome for chariot racing was built subsequently, probably at the time of Hadrian. Abu Galyon
Israel, Caesarea Maritima - Herod's Hippodrome184 viewsLloyd
Israel, Caesarea Maritima - Herod's Palace Poolside125 viewsLloyd
Israel, Caesarea Maritima - Herod's Pool147 viewsLloyd
Israel, Caesarea Maritima - Herod's Villa281 viewsAnother of Herod the Great's many residences.
This one is by the seaside.
Abu Galyon
Israel, Caesarea Maritima - the less desirable view south from Herod's Palace183 viewsDog's in the palace pool and now this. How the mighty have fallen!Lloyd
Israel, Caesarea Maritima - the sweet view from Herod's Palace126 viewsLloyd
Israel, Caesearea Maritima Hippodrome - Tsunami Deposit142 viewsThe light coloured, upward fining, middle layer is a tsumai deposit preserved in the this overburden remnant in the excavated hippodrome at Caesarea Maritima.Lloyd
Israel, Gezer - Bronze Age city walls514 viewsThese are the Bronze Age city walls of the Canaanite city of Gezer. It is near this town that the battle took place where Joshua is said to have held the sun and the moon still. The Canaanites held off the attacks by the tribe of Dan until the reign of Solomon.
posted by Zam
Israel, Gezer - six chambered gate built by Solomon513 viewsThe Canaanite town was supposedly conquered by an Egyptian pharaoh and given to Solomon as a dowry for his daughter. Solomon then rebuilt and fortified the city, including this six chambered gate, dating from the 10th century. The chambers were to be packed with soldiers, so if enemies forced their way through the gate, they would be surrounded by soldiers on all sides.
posted by Zam
Israel, Herodion168 viewsThe Herodion (Har Hordos) was Herod the Great’s summer palace near Jerusalem and – according to Josephus – the place of his burial. (A possible royal sarcophagus was discovered in 2007 but the identification with Herod is not certain.) There are two distinct parts: the Upper Herodion, a fortress complex set within a mountain top, and the Lower Herodion, the palace proper with several ancillary buildings (bath house, stadium, etc.) In the photograph, the Upper Herodion hill dominates the background, while the foreground shows part of a substantial colonnaded pool (70m x 45m) with a gazebo-like structure set at its centre. The area now in use as a car park would have been a formal garden in Herod’s day. Abu Galyon
Israel, Jericho - Herod's Palace135 viewsThe ruins at Tulul Abu el-Alaiq, site of Herod the Great’s winter retreat on the outskirts of Jericho. Jericho is over 300m below sea level and hence pleasantly warm in winter, even when it's freezing in Jerusalem. Around 35 BCE, Aristobulus, the last Hasmonaean high-priest and Herod’s brother-in-law, was murdered here on Herod’s orders, drowned in a fish pond. The palace and grounds extended across the Wadi Qilt (the seasonal river-bed in the foreground of the picture), which was spanned by a bridge. Abu Galyon
Israel, Jerusalem - Kidron Valley (1)116 viewsThis curious structure is known in Arabic as Tantour Faroun (‘Pharaoh’s Hat’). In fact it’s a funerary monument (nefesh) marking the entrance to a substantial catacomb with eight burial chambers cut into the cliff behind. It probably dates from the reign of Herod the Great. In guidebooks it’s sometimes marked as the ‘Tomb of Absalom’, but the legend that this is the tomb of David’s rebellious son is a medieval fantasy. Abu Galyon
Israel, Jerusalem - Kidron Valley (2)113 viewsAnother Kidron valley tomb complex (about 60m south of Tantour Faroun). Jewish pilgrims called this the ‘Tomb of Zechariah’, while the Christian pious associated it with their own early martyrs, notably St. James. In fact, an inscription shows that this was the burial place of the priestly Bene Hezir family, who get a passing mention in the Bible (1 Chronicles 24:15). The nefesh with a pyramidal top marks the entrance to a passage ascending into the cliff on the left. The actual burial chambers (four of them) lie in the area behind the Doric-columned façade. The complex dates from the later second-century BC. Abu Galyon
Israel, Jerusalem - Western Wall and Dome of the Rock1659 viewsThe first century BCE western retaining wall of the Second Jewish Temple, directly in front of the 8th century Dome of the Rock. Friday evening at sunset (beginning of Shabbat).
posted by Zam
1 commentsZam
Israel, Jerusalem Sep 201641 viewsSimon
Israel, Jerusalem Sep 201639 viewsEast JerusalemSimon
Israel, Legionary Camp of X Fretensis at Masada70 viewsRemnants of one of several legionary camps of X Fretensis at Masada in Israel, just outside the circumvallation wall which can be seen at the bottom of the image.

Masada Roman Ruins by David Shankbone.

Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons -
Joe Sermarini
Israel, Masada441 viewsThe ancient fortress in the Judaean desert built by Herod the Great in the first century BCE, it was the last stronghold of a small group of zealots against Rome in the year 73 CE. The view is from the top of the fortress, looing down on the remains of the ancient roman encampment.1 commentsDaniel Friedman
Israel, Masada100 viewsAtop Masada, the Dead Sea and the shores of Jordan in the distant haze.Lloyd
Israel, Masada - Looking Down the Roman Seige Ramp105 viewsIndustrious bunch those Romans!Lloyd
Israel, Masada - pile of ancient catapult projectiles - Ouch!159 views1 commentsLloyd
Israel, Masada - Remains of a Roman Seige Encampment155 viewsLloyd
Israel, Masada - Roman Encampment and Seige Ramp117 viewsLooking down on the stone wall outlines of one of the Roman encampments (middle upper right) that surrounded the fortress of Masada (another of Herod's Palaces in its glory days). The Roman seige ramp is to the lower left.Lloyd
Israel, Masada - The room in which lots were drawn146 viewsIn this space during archaeological excavations were found eleven ostroca bearing names in Aramaic script. One of eleven inscribed potsherds (ostraca) containing single names, bears in Aramaic script the name ben Ya’ir, undoubtedly Eleazar ben Ya’ir, leader of Masada’s defenders. The historian Josephus relates that when defense against the Romans seemed hopeless, the men at Masada cast lots to decide the order in which they and their families would commit suicide.

Based on the archaeological evidence it is likely that this was the space in which the lots were drawn and the fateful determinations made.
1 commentsLloyd
Israel, Masada - Walls and Roman Seige Ramp in side view106 viewsLloyd
Israel, Masada - Walls facing the Roman Seige Ramp78 viewsLloyd
Israel, Megiddo / Jezreel Valley94 viewsA view of the Jezreel Valley in the distance looking out from atop Tel Megiddo. The Jezreel Valley will be the site of the final battle between the armies of God and Satan as prophesied in the Book of Revelation. This photo was taken in June 2012 during a two week trip my wife and I took to Israel and Jordan.
Israel, Nazareth - Rolling Stone Tomb124 viewsA really well-preserved example of a Jewish rolling-stone tomb. This one is part of a small necropolis which was found underneath the Convent of the Sisters of Nazareth, only a stone’s throw away from the Basilica of the Annunciation. Abu Galyon
Israel, Qumran - Cave 4143 viewsCave 4 was the nearest cave containing documents to the site at Qumran - it’s only about 500 metres away. Most visitors to Qumran take a picture like this one. But mostly they don’t realise that the highly visible cave entrance in their picture is modern, knocked into the side by looters. The ancient entrance to Cave 4 is on the top and well-hidden. Which is perhaps why Cave 4 was found by the local Bedouin, not by Western archaeologists, and why it wasn’t discovered until 1952, over five years after the original manuscript finds of 1946/7. Abu Galyon
Israel, Qumran - Miqvah110 viewsThis is L48-49, a water storage feature. The low, plastered partitions on the steps make it likely that this was a miqvah (a ritual bath), rather than a cistern. The damage on the left side of the steps dates from the earthquake of 31 BCE. Abu Galyon
Israel, Qumran - Refectory111 viewsThe ‘Refectory’ (L77) is the largest room at Qumran. A smaller connecting space (L86) nearby contained a huge cache of pottery plates, bowls, and cups. Hence, de Vaux argued that L77 was probably the community’s communal dining room. Abu Galyon
Israel, Qumran - Scriptorium102 viewsL30. From the fill of this room (which came from a collapsed upper level) de Vaux recovered two inkwells and the remains of what appeared to be a long, narrow plastered table (about 480 cm x 40 cm). Another inkwell was found in an adjacent locus. He conjectured that L30 could have been the community’s ‘scriptorium’, a room for copying manuscripts. Abu Galyon
Israel, Qumran - Tower145 viewsThe remains of the tower at Qumran. The tower is set in the middle of the north side and has a natural function as an observation or guard tower: north looks towards Jericho, and that would be the natural direction from which travellers would approach the settlement. There is no access to the tower at ground level; instead people would have entered higher up, after climbing a flight of stone steps fixed to the south-side exterior wall. Abu Galyon
Israel, Scythopolis (Beit She'an)69 viewsScythopolis is the only one of the ten ‘Decapolis’ towns situated within the borders of modern Israel. The classical city was destroyed by an earthquake in 749 CE; its ruins are extensive and quite well-preserved. Prominent in the photo is the colonnaded Byzantine ‘Silvanus Street’ (the excavators named it after a local magistrate mentioned in an inscription as responsible for its renewal) which follows the route of the earlier Roman cardo maximus.

Sythopolis was built in the shadow of the earlier Canaanite city of Beit She’an, where (according to 1 Samuel 31) the Philistines, after their victory on Mount Gilboa, displayed the bodies of King Saul and his sons on the city walls. The vast mound of Tel Beit She’an is conspicuous in the background. Twenty settlement strata have been identified there, the earliest dating back to the Neolithic (5th millennium BCE). A section of the eastern Canaanite city walls has also been excavated and is visible in the photo.
Abu Galyon
Israel, Scythopolis ampitheatre102 viewsA picture of the ampitheatre in Scythopolis, taken from the top of the even more ancient Beit She'an mound. Running in the foreground is the cardo. This was taken in June 2012 during a two week trip my wife and I took to Israel and Jordan.cmcdon0923
Israel, Sepphoris - 'Mona Lisa' Mosaic171 viewsPart of a Roman mosaic, usually dated to the early 3rd-century CE, from the dining room floor of a mansion in the upper town at Sepphoris. When it was first excavated, the Israeli press named it 'the Mona Lisa of the Galilee'. Over-hype, maybe, but it is certainly attractive.Abu Galyon
Israel, The Dome of the Rock on the Temple Mount in the Old City of Jerusalem125 viewsPhoto by Andrew Shiva.Joe Sermarini
Israel, The Herodium104 viewsThe Herodium, 12 km south of Jerusalem, the site of one of Herod's residences and the location of his tomb. The buildings mid-slope to the left of centre are the site of the excavation of Herod's tomb.Lloyd
Israel, The Herodium - Summit Interior View94 viewsLloyd
Israel, The Herodium - Water Cistern90 viewsLloyd
Israel, The Herodium Pool Complex93 viewsLloyd
Israel, The Herodium Theatre109 viewsThe Herodium theatre immediately downslope of Herod's tomb. Sadly it was from this point that Ehud Netzer, the discoverer of Herod's tomb fell to his death in 2010, three years after his epic discovery.Lloyd
Israel, Tzipporri - Tzipporri Mosaic152 viewsA mosaic found in Tzipporri, Israel.aarmale
Italy, Aquileia - basilica145 viewsBasilica is dedicated to the Virgin Mary and the Saints Hermagora and Fortunatus and was built in the first half of the 11th century by Patriarch Poppo in Romanesque style. Upper parts and roof were built by Markward von Randeck in 14th-15th century in Gothic style.
Mosaics from 4th century were hidden under the floor until 1909.
Italy, Aquileia - forum155 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Aquileia - mosaic floor158 viewsJonas swallowed by sea monster
Post-Theodorian South hall (end of 4th century)
Mosaics were originally part of Theodorian complex destroyed by Attila. Basilica was built on its site in 1031 and mosaics remained untouched under the floor.
Italy, Aquileia - mosaic floor161 viewsPost-Theodorian South hall (end of 4th century)
Mosaics were originally part of Theodorian complex destroyed by Attila. Basilica was built on its site in 1031 and mosaics remained untouched under the floor.
Italy, Aquileia - mosaic floor154 viewsscene of the Good Shepherd with the Mystic Flock
Christ is portrayed as a beardless young man bearing the lost lamb upon his shoulders. In one hand he holds the syrinx, symbol of the gentless he takes cere of his flock with.
Post-Theodorian South hall (end of 4th century)
Mosaics were originally part of Theodorian complex destroyed by Attila. Basilica was built on its site in 1031 and mosaics remained untouched under the floor.
Italy, Aquileia - mosaic floor153 viewsFishing scene describes the preaching of the Apostles ("Follow me and I will make you fishers of men":Matthew 4,19). The fishes represent the people listening to the good news, the boat is symbol of the church, the net represents the kingdom of heaven ("The kingdom of heaven is like big net that was cast into the sea...": Matthew 13,47).
Post-Theodorian South hall (end of 4th century)
Mosaics were originally part of Theodorian complex destroyed by Attila. Basilica was built on its site in 1031 and mosaics remained untouched under the floor.
Italy, Aquileia - mosaic floor147 viewsRam and battle between Cock and Tortoise. The Cock is symbol of the light of a new day, thus representing Christ, the "light of the world". The tortoise, whose Greek name means "dweller of the darkness", is instead of the symbol of Evil.
Post-Theodorian North hall (middle of the 4th century)
Italy, Aquileia - mosaic floor151 viewsPost-Theodorian North hall (middle of the 4th century)Johny SYSEL
Italy, Aquileia - Roman house192 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Capua - Amphitheatre346 viewsSpartacus fought there.1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Capua - Amphitheatre295 viewsThe second largest amphitheatre ... arena is only 10m shorter and 8m narrower than colosseumJohny SYSEL
Italy, Capua - Amphitheatre224 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Capua - Amphitheatre184 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Cerveteri - Etruscan necropolis134 viewsTomba dei Rilievi
4th century BC
Italy, Cerveteri - Etruscan necropolis118 viewsTomba dei Rilievi
4th century BC
Italy, Cerveteri - Etruscan necropolis117 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Cerveteri - Etruscan necropolis144 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Cosenza, Sibari (Thurium), Street159 viewsLucania, Thourioi.
Today Sibari (Cosenza), Italy
Italy, Ferentium - Roman theatre141 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Ferentium - Roman theatre110 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Monza, Serpero Museum, Duomo di Monza.26 viewsIvory diptych of Stilicho, Roman General (magister militum), Patrician and Consul of the Western Roman Empire. The diptych depicts Stilicho, on the right and, on the left, his wife Serena standing with his son, Eucherius.

The Duomo di Monza is the main religious building of Monza. Although known in English as Monza Cathedral, the building is not in fact a cathedral, as Monza is part of the Diocese of Milan. The church is also known as the Basilica of San Giovanni Battista from its dedication to John the Baptist. In the right transept is the entrance to the Serpero Museum which houses the treasury.
Italy, National Museum Naples, Marble bust of Hannibal from Capua56 viewsA marble bust, reputedly of Hannibal, originally found at the ancient city-state of Capua in Italy (some historians are uncertain of the authenticity of the portrait). From Phaidon Verlag (Wien-Leipzig) - "Römische Geschichte", gekürzte Ausgabe (1932). Author died more than 70 years ago - public domain.Joe Sermarini
Italy, Orvieto - Etruscan temple149 views1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Ostia - 98 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Ostia - 107 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Ostia - 84 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Ostia - 82 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Ostia - 106 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Ostia - Alexander and Helix's inn564 viewsPosted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
Italy, Ostia - antica Thermae 115 viewsBohemian
Italy, Ostia - capitol on forum136 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Ostia - Caupona651 viewsBeautifully preserved, it seems to step back in time.
Posted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
1 commentsStrength And Honour
Italy, Ostia - house near forum144 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Ostia - house near forum142 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Ostia - House of Amor and Psyche474 viewsPosted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
Italy, Ostia - mosaique96 viewsHippocampsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Ostia - mosaique86 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Ostia - mosaique115 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Ostia - mosaique99 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Ostia - mosaique floor144 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Ostia - Street468 viewsIt is like stepping back in time....
Posted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
1 commentsStrength And Honour
Italy, Ostia - temple of Ceres103 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Ostia - theatre94 viewsrebuilt by CommodusJohny SYSEL
Italy, Paestum, Temple of Apollo131 viewsFirstly it was thought it's temple of Poseidon, then it's the second temple of Hera and now it's thought it's temple of Apollo. But somewhen temple was used as temple of Poseidon and somewhen as temple of Hera.
Who knows how many times temple will change deity in future.

Temple was built +- 450 BC
Italy, Paestum, Temple of Apollo121 viewsFirstly it was thought it's temple of Poseidon, then it's the second temple of Hera and now it's thought it's temple of Apollo. But somewhen temple was used as temple of Poseidon and somewhen as temple of Hera.
Who knows how many times temple will change deity in future.

temple was built +- 450 BC
Italy, Paestum, Temple of Athena118 viewsgreek colony Poseidonia
built +- 500 BC
Italy, Paestum, Temple of Athena116 viewsgreek colony Poseidonia
built +- 500 BC

this temple was used as church but temple of Apollo and Hera weren't.
Italy, Paestum, Temple of Hera116 viewsgreek colony Poseidonia
temple built +- 550 BC
Italy, Palestrina, Ruins of the Sanctuary of Fortuna Primigenia103 views Sermarini
Italy, Piombino, Museo Archeologico del Territorio di Populonia97 viewsAmphora of barrati, a amphora totally of silver found in the sea near PiombinoFranz-Josef M
Italy, Piombino, Museo Archeologico del Territorio di Populonia125 viewsPart of a coin deposit found in the sea near the beach of Populonia, totally weight 17 kg, now in the museum of Piombino in an aquarium. The hoard consists of Antoninians of the third century.Franz-Josef M
Italy, Piombino, Museo Archeologico del Territorio di Populonia93 viewsGold found in graves of the ancient etruscan PopuloniaFranz-Josef M
Italy, Pompeii205 viewsA well-known mosaic in an entryway of an affluent household, but it still never fails to please :-) July 2008Mark Zema
Italy, Pompeii - Amphitheatre121 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Pompeii - bakery214 viewsHere's a bakery, complete with oven. When this was unearthed, there were several loaves of bread inside, intact, but a little overdone ;-) July 2008Mark Zema
Italy, Pompeii - bath220 viewsInside the public bathhouse. Much like the "Occulus" in the Pantheon, the window to the upper left is the only light source in the room.Mark Zema
Italy, Pompeii - cemetary144 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Pompeii - Forum138 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Pompeii - Forum135 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Pompeii - graffiti238 viewsAncient graffiti (gladiator standing left) on a wall. Visitors can walk right up and touch it. July 2008Mark Zema
Italy, Pompeii - modest villa313 viewsInside one of the more modest villas in Pompeii, although you'd never know it by the still-beautiful murals on the walls and the fountain there to the right.1 commentsMark Zema
Italy, Pompeii - Odeon137 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Pompeii - residential street247 viewsOne of the numerous residential streets in Pompeii. July 20081 commentsMark Zema
Italy, Pompeii - storage at forum155 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Pompeii - street175 viewsAnother great shot of another street in Pompeii. The stepping stones in the foreground can be found all around the city. As I'm sure you know, water ran constantly through the streets, and pedestrians used these stepping stones to keep their feet dry.Mark Zema
Italy, Pompeii - temple of Apollo158 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Pompeii - Vesuv in the background144 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Pompeii - victims of Mt. Vesuvius in 79 AD.329 viewsOne of the unfortunate victims of Mt. Vesuvius in 79 AD.1 commentsMark Zema
Italy, Pompeii - villa 203 viewsThis is one of the more fashionable villas in town. Note the private garden area to the rear. The small pool in the foreground was for catching rainwater falling through a specially made hole in the roof. July 2008Mark Zema
Italy, Pompeii - villa of Meneander139 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Pompeii, July 2008281 viewsA picture high up on the wall of the brothel, depicting what the paying customer could expect in the room beneath it.Mark Zema
Italy, Populonia88 viewsEtruscan graveFranz-Josef M
Italy, Populonia91 viewsEtruscan graveFranz-Josef M
Italy, Populonia - Etruscian necropole100 viewsThis Etruscian necropole is near the town Piombino in the Toscana Italy, this graves are from the 3-2 century before christ.Franz-Josef M
Italy, Populonia - Content of an etruscian grave 110 viewsIn the museum of Piombino there is a Replica of an grave of the Populonia necropole, with the original content of this grave.Franz-Josef M
Italy, Populonia - mosaic128 viewsThis mosaic was found already in the early 19 th century, it shows many sea animals and a ship wreck.Franz-Josef M
Italy, Populonia - mosaic, nearly total view99 viewsA famous beautiful mosaic with a ship wreck and many different sea animals, fishes, octopus snail etc.; most animals can be identified. Now in the museum of PiombinoFranz-Josef M
Italy, Populonia - necropole121 views2nd century BC - etruscian necropole, the content of all graves is robbed before the scientist could explore those, except the one at the bottom. the content of this grave could now be seen in the museum of piombino.Franz-Josef M
Italy, Port facilities of Sybaris87 viewsExcavated remains of the port facilities of Sybaris. These are located on the Casa Bianca site in the easternmost section of the Sybaris archaeological park. Sermarini
Italy, Ravenna - Mausoleum of Galla Placidia42 viewsit is describbed as "the earliest and best preserved of all mosaic monuments, and at the same time one of the most artistically perfect"

The building was formerly the oratory of the Church of the Holy Cross and now contains three sarcophagi. The largest sarcophagus was thought to contain the remains of Galla Placidia (died 450). Other is attributed to her husband, Emperor Constantius III. The last sarcophagus is attributed to Galla's son, Emperor Valentinian III, or to her brother, Emperor Honorius.
Italy, Ravenna - Mausoleum of Galla Placidia99 viewsit is describbed as "the earliest and best preserved of all mosaic monuments, and at the same time one of the most artistically perfect"

The building was formerly the oratory of the Church of the Holy Cross and now contains three sarcophagi. The largest sarcophagus was thought to contain the remains of Galla Placidia (died 450). Other is attributed to her husband, Emperor Constantius III. The last sarcophagus is attributed to Galla's son, Emperor Valentinian III, or to her brother, Emperor Honorius.
1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Ravenna - Mausoleum of Galla Placidia99 viewsit is describbed as "the earliest and best preserved of all mosaic monuments, and at the same time one of the most artistically perfect"

The building was formerly the oratory of the Church of the Holy Cross and now contains three sarcophagi. The largest sarcophagus was thought to contain the remains of Galla Placidia (died 450). Other is attributed to her husband, Emperor Constantius III. The last sarcophagus is attributed to Galla's son, Emperor Valentinian III, or to her brother, Emperor Honorius.
1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Ravenna - Mausoleum of Galla Placidia44 viewsThe building was formerly the oratory of the Church of the Holy Cross and now contains three sarcophagi. The largest sarcophagus was thought to contain the remains of Galla Placidia (died 450). Other is attributed to her husband, Emperor Constantius III. The last sarcophagus is attributed to Galla's son, Emperor Valentinian III, or to her brother, Emperor Honorius.Johny SYSEL
appio claudio.jpg
Italy, Rome - Appio-Claudian Aqueduct 1428 viewsPosted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
appio claudio 2.jpg
Italy, Rome - Appio-Claudian Aqueduct 2484 viewsPosted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
Italy, Rome - Aqua Claudia (aquaduct)243 viewsentrance to San Stefano RotondoJohny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Ara Pacis275 viewsIt was built to honor the triumphal return of the Roman emperor Augustus.
It was consecrated on 30 January 9 BC.
arch of constantine.jpg
Italy, Rome - Arch of Constantine1307 viewsView of the arch of Constantine from the top of the Colosseum2 commentsTitus Pullo
Italy, Rome - Arch of Constantine346 viewscommemorate Constantine I's victory over Maxentius
built in 315
1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Arch of Constantine with Colosseum in the background411 views2 commentsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Arch of Dolabella213 views(the Porta Caelimontana)
built by consul Publius Cornelius Dolabella in 10 AD.
It was part of Aqua Marcia and later Aqua Claudia leading to Palatin.
Italy, Rome - Arch of Septimius Severus268 viewsbuilt in 203 AD to commemorate the Parthian victories1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Arch of Titus605 viewsArch of Titus in Rome depicting the spoils of Jerusalem's temple.
Photo taken September 2005
Titus Pullo
Italy, Rome - Arch of Titus281 viewsbuilt by Domitianus
commemorate victory of Titus in Jerusalem in the first Jewish–Roman War
1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Arch of Titus286 viewsThe Arch of Titus, on the Via Sacra, Rome, just to the south-east of the Roman Forum, was completed by Domitian in 96 A.D. to commemorate Titus' victories, including the Siege of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. The Arch of Titus has provided the general model for many of the triumphal arches erected since the 16th century—perhaps most famously it is the inspiration for the 1806 Arc de Triomphe in Paris, France, completed in 1836.1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Augustus' Mausoleum438 viewsPosted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
Italy, Rome - Basilica Ulpia and Trajan's column224 viewsChurch of the Most Holy Name of Mary at the Trajan Forum in the background.1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Baths of Caracalla199 viewsbuilt between 212 AD and 216 AD
Italy, Rome - Baths of Caracalla156 views SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Baths of Caracalla157 views SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Capitoline Venus145 viewsCapitoline museumsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Circus Maximus139 views600m x 200m
+- 320000 spectators
last race in 549 AD
Italy, Rome - Coliseum106 viewsColiseum 1999randy h2
Italy, Rome - Colosseum176 viewsbuilt between 70 AD and 80 AD1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Colosseum177 views50000 spectators

It has been estimated that about 500000 people and over a million wild animals died in the Colosseum games.
Italy, Rome - Colosseum134 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Colosseum283 views3 commentsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Colosseum124 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Colosseum120 viewshall inside colloseumJohny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Colosseum202 viewsJohny SYSEL
Panoramic 2.jpg
Italy, Rome - Colosseum 1531 viewsPosted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
1 commentsStrength And Honour
Italy, Rome - Colosseum 2443 viewsPosted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
Italy, Rome - Colosseum 3406 viewsPosted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
Italy, Rome - Colosseum 4409 viewsPosted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
Italy, Rome - Colosseum Arch of Constantine296 viewsOne of my favorite photos I took in Rome, a view of the Arch of Constantine as seen looking out from inside the Colosseum. 1 commentsfordicus
Italy, Rome - Colosseum with arch of Constantine in the background122 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Column of Marcus Aurelius135 viewsIt was built in 176 or later after death of Marcus Aurelius to celebrate victory over Marcomani and Quadi and Sarmatians. Johny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Curia761 viewsThe place where the Senate held its meetings.
Notice the three different kinds of marble used for the pavement. The beheaded statue should be Trajan's.
Posted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
2 commentsStrength And Honour
Italy, Rome - Diana133 viewsCapitoline museumsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Domitian's palace131 viewson PalatinJohny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Domitian's stadium on Palatin132 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Esquiline Venus164 viewsCapitoline museumsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Forum139 views1999

I think this is ( or near) The Forum - Temple of Saturn
randy h2
Italy, Rome - Forum123 viewsruins of The Forum - Temple of Saturn being excavated 1999

We were unable to get close, I think this pic was taken from the sidewalk by hte main road that ran by.
randy h2
Italy, Rome - Forum of Augustus114 viewsIt includes the Temple of Mars UltorJohny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Ludus Magnus Gladiatorum407 viewsPosted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
Italy, Rome - marble busts114 viewsVatican MuseumsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Mausoleum of Hadrian and Pons Aelius106 viewsbuilt between 135 AD and 139 AD
bridge was built in 134 AD

Hadrian and Sabina,
Antoninus Pius and Faustina,
Lucius Verus,
Marcus Aurelius,
Septimius Severus and
Caracalla were buried here.
Italy, Rome - National Museum of Rome, Suicide of a Gaul 122 viewsPallazo Altemps

Roman copy of Hellenistic original 230-220 BC, one of the bronze groups commissioned from Greek sculptors by Pergamon king Attalus I after his recent victories over the Gauls of Galatia.
Italy, Rome - original ancient door from Curia153 viewsnow it is in Basilica of St. John Lateran ... seat of Pope until he moved to Vatican1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Palazzo Massimo alle Terme - Discobolos107 viewsPalazzo Massimo alle TermeJohny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Palazzo Massimo alle Terme, Hermaphrodite141 viewsPalazzo Massimo alle TermeJohny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Palazzo Massimo alle Terme, sarcophagus 99 viewsPalazzo Massimo alle Terme

there is also great collection of roman coins.
Italy, Rome - Pantheon306 viewsM AGRIPPA COS TERTIVM FECIT

The original Pantheon was built by Marcus Agrippa and later restored and rebuilt by Hadrian added and engineered the worlds largest unsupported domed roof. He kept the original dedication to Agrippa. A marvel of engineering and a sight to see.
Titus Pullo
Italy, Rome - Pantheon110 viewsbuilt by Agrippa 27 BC
rebuilt by Hadrian into present shape in 123 AD

remains of Neptune's basilica
Italy, Rome - Pantheon189 viewsbuilt by Agrippa 27 BC
rebuilt by Hadrian into present shape in 123 AD


In 609 panteon was converted into church of St. Mary and the Martyrs.
1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Pantheon129 views1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Pantheon inside310 viewsInterior view of Hadrian's dome and ocular center. An engeneering masterpiece, the concrete gets thinner as it rises. The open ocular in the center allows light to flood into this massive ancient space. The walls at the bottom are about 12 feet thick. The interior is completely ancient from the marble floors to the walls and dome. Origianlly dedicated to all the god's it is now a Catholic church.Titus Pullo
Italy, Rome - part of Aqua Claudia (aquaduct) near Basilica of St. John Lateran71 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Pons Aemilius223 viewsthe oldest stone-bridge in Rome
bridge with six wholly stone arches was comleted in 142 BC
bridge was destroyd in 1598 AD by flood.
3 commentsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Pons Fabricius92 viewsOldest bridge in Rome - built in 62 BC and still existing in its original state.Johny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Porta Asinaria105 viewsgate in the Aurelian Walls built 270-273 AD

(near San Giovanni in Laterano)
Italy, Rome - Porta San Giovanni85 viewsgate in the Aurelian Wall
gate was built for pope Gregory XIII

(near San Giovanni in Laterano)
Italy, Rome - Porta San Paolo94 viewsgate in Aurelian wallsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Porticus Octaviae103 viewsBuilt by Augustus in the name of his sister, Octavia Minor, after 27 BC.Johny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Pyramid of Cestius100 viewsbuilt in 12 BC by Gaius Cestius Epulo
base: 29.6 m (100 Roman feet)
high: 37 m (125 Roman feet)

C · CESTIVS · L · F · POB · EPULO · PR · TR · PL


inscription from 1663: INSTAVRATVM · AN · DOMINI · MDCLXIII
Italy, Rome - Republican temples106 viewsLargo di Torre Argentina

Wikipedia: "Temple of Juturna built by Gaius Lutatius Catulus after his victory against the Carthaginians in 241 BC. It was later rebuilt into a church, whose apse is still present.

Circular temple with six columns remaining, was built by Quintus Lutatius Catulus in 101 BC to celebrate his victory over Cimbri; it was Aedes Fortunae Huiusce Diei, a temple devoted to the "Luck of the Current Day"."

Italy, Rome - Roman Forum354 viewsView down onto the Roman forum. Palatine hill is in the background. Photo taken in 2005.1 commentsTitus Pullo
Italy, Rome - Roman forum114 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Roman forum from Palatino115 viewsTemple of Antoninus and Faustina
Temple of Romulus

This temple Maxentius built for his son Romulus who died 309 AD. Maybe the temple is built over earlier temple.
In 527 the temle with library on Vespasian's forum was rebuild to church of St. Cosma and Damian.
Italy, Rome - Roman Forum, arch of Septimius Severus and Curia114 viewspitbull
Severus_ Arch.jpg
Italy, Rome - Septimus Severus' arch441 viewsPosted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
Italy, Rome - Temple of Antoninus and Faustina183 viewsTemple was build in 141 AD and dedicated to Faustina. In 161 temple was re-dedicated jointly to Antoninus and Faustina.
Temple was converted to a church, known as San Lorenzo in Miranda.
1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Temple of Apollo Sosianus105 viewsName derives from its final rebuilder: Gaius Sosius.
Construction begun in 34 BC.
Italy, Rome - Temple of Hadrian113 viewsbuilt by Antoninus Pius in 145 AD
now occupied by the Borsa bank
Italy, Rome - Temple of Hercules Victor111 viewsForum Boarium

built in the later second century BC

In 1132 the temple was converted to a church, known as Santo Stefano alle Carozze.
Italy, Rome - Temple of Portunus103 viewsForum Boarium

built in 75 BC
converted to church in 872
Italy, Rome - Temple of Saturn105 viewsfounded between 501 BC and 498 BC.
The present ruins are from last incarnation in 283 AD.

Silver and gold was stored there in republic times.
Italy, Rome - Temple of Venus and Roma130 viewsThis is largest roman temple and it was designed by emperor Hadrian himself. Temple was finished by Antoninus Pius and repaired by Maxentius after fire. In 850 after earthquake pope Leo IV built Santa Maria Nova over ruins. In 1612 after renovation church was renamed to Santa Francesca Romana.Johny SYSEL
Italy, Rome - Temple of Venus Genetrix102 viewschurch of Santi Luca e Martina; curia; arch of Septimius Severus
... I think so many different types of building in the one picture you can find only in Rome.
Italy, Rome - Temple of Vesta291 viewsWhat remains of the temple of Vesta in the Roman forum. The structure was actually restored to the condition now seen. Photo taken in 2005Titus Pullo
Italy, Rome - Theatre of Marcellus100 viewsTheatre was built in 13 BC and was named after Marcus Marcellus, Emperor Augustus's nephew, who died five years before its completion.Johny SYSEL
Trajans Column.jpg
Italy, Rome - Trajan's Column570 views
trajan market.jpg
Italy, Rome - Trajan's Markets 1426 viewsThe first mall in history.
Posted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
trajan market 2~0.jpg
Italy, Rome - Trajan's Markets 2361 viewsPosted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
trajan market 3.jpg
Italy, Rome - Trajan's Markets 3428 viewsPosted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
Italy, Rome - Trajan's Markets 4465 viewsThe modern bronze statue of Trajan, which stands near this emperor's Forum.
Posted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
Italy, Rome, Basilica of Santi Cosma e Damiano, Roman bronze doors19 viewsThe original bronze doors of the Temple of Divus Romulus still survive and are pictured above. They are set between two porphyry columns that support a reused marble architrave and open into a rotunda fifty Roman feet in diameter covered by a cupola which is accessible from the rear through the Basilica of Santi Cosma e Damiano. The temple was converted into a vestibule for the church early in the 6th century.*Alex
Italy, Rome, Colosseum, Flavian Amphitheatre63 viewsHere's yet another pic of the famous Roman landmark, only this time, I used the "Pano" feature on my iPhone, allowing the entire northern half to be viewed. Mark Z
Italy, Rome, Colosseum, Inside -- May, 201190 viewspitbull
Italy, Rome, Column of Antoninus Pius, Cortile della Pigna, Vatican Museums16 viewsAbove are the four sides of the base of the Column of Antoninus Pius (Columna Antonini Pii) which was erected in the Campus Martius in memory of Antoninus Pius by Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus c.A.D.158 on the twentieth anniversary of his reign. Constructed of red granite, the column was 14.75 metres high and 1.90m in diameter, unlike the otherwise similar column of Trajan it had no decorating reliefs. The masons' inscription shows that it was quarried out in A.D.106 and architecturally it belonged to the Ustrinum which was 25m north of it on the same orientation. It was surmounted by a statue of Antoninus Pius. Previous to the 18th century the base was completely buried, but the lower part of the shaft projected about 6m above the ground. In 1703, when some buildings were demolished in the area of Montecitorio, the rest of the column and the base were discovered and excavated. The base still survives and is now housed in the Cortile della Pigna in the Vatican Museums.*Alex
Italy, Rome, Curia Iulia, Forum Romanum88 viewsCuria Julia (Latin: Curia Iulia, Italian: Curia Iulia) is the third named Curia, or Senate House, in the ancient city of Rome. It was built in 44 BC when Julius Caesar replaced Faustus Cornelius Sulla’s reconstructed Curia Cornelia, which itself had replaced the Curia Hostilia. Caesar did this in order to redesign both spaces within the Comitium and Forum Romanum. The alterations within the Comitium reduced the prominence of the senate and cleared the original space. The work, however, was interrupted by Caesar's assassination at the Theatre of Pompey where the Senate had been meeting temporarily while the work was completed. The project was eventually finished by Caesar’s successor Augustus in 29 BC. The Curia Julia is one of only a handful of Roman structures to survive to the modern day mostly intact, due to its conversion into the basilica of Sant'Adriano al Foro in the 7th century and several later restorations. However the roof, together with the upper elevations of the side walls and rear façade, are modern. These parts date from the remodeling of the deconsecrated church in the 1930s.Joe Sermarini
Italy, Rome, Flavian Palace - Domus Flavia (and Circo Massimo)92 viewsThe Flavian Palace, also known as Domus Flavia, is a part of the vast residential complex of the Roman Emperors on the Palatine Hill in Rome. It was completed in 92 AD in the reign of Titus Flavius Domitianus, more commonly known as the Emperor Domitian, and attributed to his master architect, Rabirius. Well known for its grandeur, the Flavian Palace was more commonly used for purposes of state, while the Domus Augustana, an enormous, lavishly ornamented palace south of the Flavian Palace, was the Emperor’s primary residence.


by Doug Coldwell
Joe Sermarini
Italy, Rome, Temple of Apollo Sosiano29 viewsBohemian
Italy, Rome, Temple of Vesta in the Forum Romanum.50 viewsTemple of Vesta in the Forum Romanum in Rome. See: All temples to Vesta were round, and had entrances facing east to symbolize connection between Vesta’s fire and the sun as sources of life. The Temple of Vesta represents the site of ancient cult activity as far back as 7th century BCE. Numa Pompilius is believed to have built this temple along with the original Regia and House of the Vestal Virgins in its original form. Around the Temple stood The Sacred Grove, in which also there was a graveyard for the priests and virgins. It was one of the earliest structures located in the Roman Forum although its present reincarnation is the result of subsequent rebuilding. Instead of a cult statue in the cella there was a hearth which held the sacred flame. The temple was the storehouse for the legal wills and documents of Roman Senators and cult objects such as the Palladium. The Palladium was a statue of Athena (Roman Minerva) believed to have been brought by Aeneas from Troy; the statue was felt to be one of the Pignora Imperii, or pledges of imperium, of Ancient Rome. According to Dionysius of Halicarnassus, the Romans believed that the Sacred fire of Vesta was closely tied to the fortunes of the city and viewed its extinction as a portent of disaster. The sacred flame was put out in 394 by Theodosius I after he won the Battle of the Frigidus, defeating Eugenius and Arbogast. The Temple of Vesta remained reasonably intact until the Renaissance. However, in 1549 the building was completely demolished and its marble reused in churches and papal palaces. The section standing today was reconstructed in the 1930s during the dictatorship of Benito Mussolini.

By Wknight94, 26 April 2008. Source:
Joe Sermarini
Italy, Rome, The Column of Focas230 viewsThe Column of Phocas at Rome was erected before the Rostra and dedicated to the Emperor on 1 August 608. It was the last addition made to the Forum Romanum. The Corinthian column has a height of 13.6 m (44 ft). Both the column and the marble socle were recycled from earlier use. It still stands in its original location. An English translation of the inscription follows: To the best, most clement and pious ruler, our lord Phocas the perpetual emperor, crowned by God, the forever august triumphator, did Smaragdus, former praepositus sacri palatii and patricius and Exarch of Italy, devoted to His Clemency for the innumerable benefactions of His Piousness and for the peace acquired for Italy and its freedom preserved, this statue of His Majesty, blinking from the splendor of gold here on this tallest column for his eternal glory erect and dedicate, on the first day of the month of August, in the eleventh indiction in the fifth year after the consulate of His Piousness. Source: Image released to public domain.Joe Sermarini
Italy, Rome, Unidentified Bust, Museum on Palatine298 viewsMuseum on Palatine2 commentsJohny SYSEL
Panoramic 1.jpg
Italy, Rome, View from the Colosseum443 viewsOn the left the Palatine Hill, the Via Sacra and Titus' Arch.
On the right Maxentius' Basilica
Posted by Strength And Honour.
Photo taken by my friend Hebe.
Strength And Honour
Italy, Sicily, Agrigento - remains of city wall448 views1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Sicily, Agrigento - Temple of Castor and Pollux360 viewsbuilt +- 450 BCJohny SYSEL
Italy, Sicily, Agrigento - Temple of Concordia419 viewsgreek colony - Akragas
temple from 5. century BC
6 x 13 columns built over a basament of 39.44 x 16.91 m
temple was turned into church in the 6th century AD
Italy, Sicily, Agrigento - Temple of Concordia301 viewsgreek colony Akragas
temple from 5. century BC
Italy, Sicily, Agrigento - Temple of Heracles319 viewsbuilt in 5. century BCJohny SYSEL
Italy, Sicily, Agrigento - Temple of Juno286 viewsbuilt in the 5. century BC and burnt in 406 BC by the Carthaginians
used for the celebration of weddings
Italy, Sicily, Agrigento - Temple of Juno Lacinia87 viewsThis temple was constructed on a mostly artificial spur. It dates to c. 450 BC, measuring 38.15 x 16.90 m: it is in Doric style, peripteros 6 columns wide by 13 long, preceded by a pronaos and opisthodomos. The basement has four steps.

Current remains (including anastylosis from the 18th Century onwards) consist of the front colonnade with parts of the architrave and of the frieze. Only fragments of the other three sides survive, with few elements of the cella. The building was damaged in the fire of 406 BC and restored in Roman times, with the substitution of clay marble roof tiles with ones and the addition of a steep rise in the area where today can be seen the remains of the altar.

Nearby are arcosolia and other sepultures from Byzantine times, belonging to the late 6th century AD renovation of the Temple of Concordia into a Christian church.
Joe Sermarini
Italy, Sicily, Agrigento, Temple of Concordia161 viewsDue to its good state of preservation, the Temple of Concordia is ranked amongst the most notable edifices of the Greek civilization existing today. It has a peristatis of 6 x 13 columns built over a basement of 39.44 x 16.91 m; each Doric column has twenty grooves and a slight entasis, and is surmounted by an architrave with triglyphs and metopes; also perfectly preserved are the tympani. The cella, preceded by a pronaos, is accessed by a single step; also existing are the pylons with the stairs which allowed to reach the roof and, over the cella's walls and in the blocks of the peristasis entablature, the holes for the wooden beam of the ceiling. The exterior and the interior of the temple were covered by polychrome stucco. The upper frame had gutters with lion-like protomes, while the roof was covered by marble tiles.

When the temple was turned into a church the entrance was moved to the rear, and the rear wall of the cella was destroyed. The spaces between the columns were closed, while 12 arched openings were created in the cella, in order to obtain a structure with one nave and two aisles. The pagan altar was destroyed and sacristies were carved out in the eastern corners. The sepultures visible inside and outside the temple date to the High Middle Age.
2 commentsJoe Sermarini
Italy, Sicily, Agrigento, Valley of the Temples74 viewsThe Valle dei Templi (English: Valley of the Temples, Sicilian: Vaddi di li Tempri) is an archaeological site in Agrigento (ancient Greek Akragas), Sicily, southern Italy. It is one of the most outstanding examples of Greater Greece art and architecture, and is one of the main attractions of Sicily as well as a national monument of Italy. The area was included in the UNESCO Heritage Site list in 1997. Much of the excavation and restoration of the temples was due to the efforts of archaeologist Domenico Antonio Lo Faso Pietrasanta (1783–1863), who was the Duke of Serradifalco from 1809 through 1812.

The term "valley" is a misnomer, the site being located on a ridge outside the town of Agrigento.
Joe Sermarini
Italy, Sicily, Casale - roman villa - Basin at the entrance195 viewsbuilt 301-325 AD
it was centre of huge latifundium but later it was used for holiday in byzantine and arabic times. It was abandoned in twelfth century.
Italy, Sicily, Syracuse - amphitheatre117 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Sicily, Syracuse - Ear of Dionysius122 viewscave in stone quarries, also used as prisons in ancient timesJohny SYSEL
Italy, Sicily, Syracuse - greek theatre110 viewsbuilt in the 5. century BC
15000 spectrators
one of the largest greek theatres
Italy, Sicily, Syracuse - temple of Apollo95 viewsfrom 6. century BC
adapted to a church in Byzantine times and to a mosque under Arab rule
Italy, Sicily, Syracuse - temple of Athena128 viewsbuilt in 480 BC
in 7. century AD adapted to basilica
Italy, Sicily, Taormina - theatre131 viewsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Sicily, Taormina - theatre - Etna in the background107 viewscalled Greek theatre but was built by Romans - maybe greek foundationsJohny SYSEL
Italy, Sicily, View of Solanto from the ruins of Soluntum (aka Solus, Solous, and Kefra)45 viewsView of Solanto from the ruins of Soluntum (aka Solus, Solous, and Kefra), Sicily

Solus (or Soluntum, near modern Solanto) was an ancient city on the north coast of Sicily, one of the three chief Phoenician settlements on the island, about 16 kilometers (10 miles) east of Panormus (modern Palermo). It lay 183 meters (600 ft) above sea level, on the southeast side of Monte Catalfano 373 meters (1,225 ft), in a naturally strong situation, and commanding a fine view. The date of its founding is unknown. Solus was one of the few colonies that the Phoenicians retained when they withdrew to the northwest corner of the island before the advance of the Greek colonies in Sicily. Together with Panormus and Motya, it allied with the Carthaginians. In 396 B.C. Dionysius took the city but it probably soon broke away again to Carthage and was usually part of their dominions on the island. In 307 B.C. it was given to the soldiers and mercenaries of Agathocles, who had made peace with the Carthage when abandoned by their leader in Africa. During the First Punic War it was still subject to Carthage, and it was not until after the fall of Panormus that Soluntum also opened its gates to the Romans. It continued to under Roman dominion as a municipal town, but apparently one of no great importance, as its name is only slightly and occasionally mentioned by Cicero. But it is still noticed both by Pliny and Ptolemy, as well as at a later period by the Itineraries. Its destruction probably dates from the time of the Saracens.

Excavations have brought to light considerable remains of the ancient town, belonging entirely to the Roman period, and a good deal still remains unexplored. The traces of two ancient roads, paved with large blocks of stone, which led up to the city, may still be followed, and the whole summit of Monte Catalfano is covered with fragments of ancient walls and foundations of buildings. Among these may be traced the remains of two temples, of which some capitals and portions of friezes, have been discovered. An archaic oriental Artemis sitting between a lion and a panther, found here, is in the museum at Palermo, with other antiquities from this site. An inscription, erected by the citizens in honor of Fulvia Plautilla, the wife of Caracalla, was found there in 1857. With the exception of the winding road by which the town was approached on the south, the streets, despite the unevenness of the ground, which in places is so steep that steps have to be introduced, are laid out regularly, running from east to west and from north to south, and intersecting at right angles. They are as a rule paved with slabs of stone. The houses were constructed of rough walling, which was afterwards plastered over; the natural rock is often used for the lower part of the walls. One of the largest of them, with a peristyle, was in 1911, though wrongly, called the gymnasium. Near the top of the town are some cisterns cut in the rock, and at the summit is a larger house than usual, with mosaic pavements and paintings on its walls. Several sepulchres also have been found.


Photo by Allie Caulfield from Germany.
Joe Sermarini
Italy, Sicily, Villa Casale94 viewsbuilt 301-325 AD
it was centre of huge latifundium but later it was used for holiday in byzantine and arabic times. It was abandoned in twelfth century.
Italy, Sicily, Villa Casale - room of the 10 girls in bikinis136 viewsbuilt 301-325 AD
it was centre of huge latifundium but later it was used for holiday in byzantine and arabic times. It was abandoned in twelfth century.
Italy, Sybaris, Planning assumptions of Sybaris (Lucania)138 viewsPlanning assumptions of Sybaris by Archaeological Museum of Sibaritide (Sibari, Cs, Italy)Taras
Italy, Thurium, Planning assumptions of Thurium (Lucania)204 viewsPlanning assumptions of Thurium, by Archaeological Museum of Sibaritide (Sibari, Cs, Italy).1 commentsTaras
Italy, Venice - Bridge of Sighs108 viewsBridge of Sighs 1999randy h2
Italy, Venice - Grand Canal and St. Marks115 viewsVeiw from the ferry 1999randy h2
Italy, Volterra - Roman theatre 112 viewsfirst century BCJohny SYSEL
Italy, Vulci - brick edifice126 viewsremains of Roman thermal complexJohny SYSEL
Italy, Vulci - cryptoportico104 viewshall in the basement of magnificent aristocrat's residence from the late 2nd century BCJohny SYSEL
Italy, Vulci - Great Temple1127 viewsEtruscan temple was at this site since 6th century BC, rebuilt by Romans.Johny SYSEL
Jordan, Amman - Acropolis237 viewsAmman in Jordan was ancient Philadelphia, a Decapolis town. Not much remains of the (second-century CE) Temple of Heracles which once dominated the city's acropolis, but the surviving columns are impressively large. Heracles also features prominently on Philadelphia's coinage.Abu Galyon
Jordan, Gadara141 viewsPart of an early Byzantine church complex at Umm Qais in north-west Jordan. Umm Qais is ancient Gadara of the Decapolis (as in the 'Gadarene swine' of Matthew 8:28-34). The city is built from a mixture of white limestone and dark basalt, often mixed together, which gives some of the buildings a curious chess-board look.Abu Galyon
Jordan, Jerash - Nymphaeum114 viewsGerasa’s Nymphaeum is quite well preserved and must have been spectacular in its prime. Originally there would have been a half-dome covering the top and each niche would have contained a statue. Note the holes in the lower level niches: the sculptures here would have also served as decorative water conduits to fill the basin underneath. Abu Galyon
Jordan, Jerash - Oval Plaza130 viewsJerash is ancient Gerasa in Jordan, one of the Decapolis cities. The superb Oval Plaza stands at one end of the Cardo.Abu Galyon
Jordan, Jerash - Temple of Artemis161 viewsArtemis was the patron goddess of Gerasa, and the temple dedicated to her was one of the city’s grandest monuments. It was reached by ascending an imposing processional Sacred Way, starting from the Cardo. The temple was built during the mid 2nd-century CE and worship continued there until suppressed by Theodosius around 391. Afterwards, in Byzantine times, part of the Sacred Way was converted into a church (the ‘Propylaeum Church’) and the temple courtyard was used as a pottery workshop, while the naos itself was left to crumble quietly away. Abu Galyon
Jordan, Machaerus106 viewsMachaerus is in central Jordan, not far from the Dead Sea. It's one of Herod the Great's hilltop desert fortresses. Not as well-known or impressive as Masada perhaps, but Machaerus has it's own claim to fame: according to Josephus, Machaerus is where John the Baptist was imprisoned and executed.Abu Galyon
Jordan, Petra - 'Little Petra'125 viewsThis is Al-Barid (often called 'Little Petra') which is about 5 km distant from the central parts of Petra which attract all the tourists. By contrast, Little Petra is not often visited, but it's very atmospheric (with its own mini-Siq!) and an excursion here can also take in the nearby and fascinating Neolithic site of Beidha.Abu Galyon
Jordan, Petra - Ed Deir120 viewsThis is Ed Deir, one of the 'high places' of Petra. There's a rock cut path, you have to climb about 800 steps above Cardo level to get there, but worth it. Early Western visitors called it 'the Monastery', which perhaps it was during Byzantine times, originally though, a Nabataean temple (not a tomb).Abu Galyon
Jordan, Petra - Gate of Temenos386 viewsPetra, Gate of Temenospax
Jordan, Petra - Khasneh125 viewsOK, it’s the photograph every visitor to Petra takes: the first sight of the Kasneh framed by the dark canyon of the Siq. But the view is breathtaking, so who can resist? Abu Galyon
Jordan, Petra - Qasr al-Bint93 viewsIt’s known locally by the name of Qasr al-Bint al-Faroun, ‘the Palace of Pharaoh’s Daughter’, but it’s really a Nabataean temple, probably originally dedicated to Dushrat. The Qasr al-Bint is one of the best preserved free-standing buildings in Petra and stands in a sacred precinct at the far end of the city’s Cardo. In front of the temple steps is a substantial open-air altar platform. The area still further in the foreground of the picture is now used as a Bedouin taxi rank, where the tired tourist who no longer wishes to walk can hire a camel or donkey for the trip back to the start of the Siq. Abu Galyon
Jordan, Petra - Roman Soldier's Tomb142 viewsIt's popularly called the "Roman Soldier's Tomb" because the central headless figure on the facade is clearly wearing a cuirass. The trouble is that the tomb can't really be dated later than the early years of Rabbel II, i.e. at least 30 years before the Roman annexation in 106 CE. That makes a Roman officer's burial highly questionable. The interior layout is elaborate - a tomb intended for someone of quite high status.Abu Galyon
Jordan, Petra - Silk Tomb114 viewsThe 'Silk Tomb' is hard to photograph and is best visited near sunrise or sunset. Depending on the time of day (i.e. on the angle at which the sunlight strikes the rock) the colours either look vibrant and alive or flat and dull.Abu Galyon
Jordan, Petra - The collonaded street406 viewsThis is the centre of the lower city and divides it in north and south.
This is the road that leads to the Semenos gate (at our back)
You can also see the following tombs (from left to right)
Corinthian tomb, Silk tomb and the Urn tomb.
Jordan, Petra - The Treasury705 viewsI visited the ancient city of Petra in 1999, it is located in Jordan.
The Nabateers "build" this city in the dessert, all the temples and houses are carved in the soft rock.
When you have passed the Siq, the first temple you see is the Al-Khazneh Farun, or The Treasury.
3 commentspax
Jordan, Petra - The Treasury 2366 viewsAl-Khazneh Farun - The Faro treasure
This was build in 84-85 b.c., by king Aretas IV.
Jordan, Petra - Theater385 viewsA vieuw on some graves and on the left side a theater.pax
Jordan, Petra - Theater 2374 viewsThe remains, the side were the artists stood.
The theater was build in 100 a.c., and expanded in 106 when the Romans came.
Jordan, Petra - Theater 3436 viewspax
Libya, The theatre of the Roman city of Sabratha116 viewsPhoto made by the author (duimdog) of the theatre of the Roman city of Sabratha in Libya. For more images of Sabratha See also my Sabratha photoset on Flickr.Source:

This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic license.
Joe Sermarini
Lybia, Sabratha - Detail of Scaenae Frons99 viewsA relief in one of the niches of the theatre frontSyltorian
Lybia, Sabratha - Scaenae Frons184 viewsThe scaenae frons of the theatre of Sabratha, modern Libya. The sea is visible behind, through the central gate. Note the great reliefs under the stage itself. Syltorian
Lybia, Sabratha - Theatre140 viewsThe theatre of the ancient city of Sabratha (Libya), built during the reign of the Severans, reconstructed by Mussolini. Syltorian
Mali, West Africa, Timbukto1802 viewsYes it does exist! although it has lost a lot from its glory days in the 14th and 16th centuries, still a fascinating place to visit. Meaning well of the woman named 'Bouctou'. In its day 25,000 students are reputed to have studied there at any one time. Some of the manuscripts can still be viewed; on such varied subjects at medicine, astronomy and arithmetic; sadly they are not well preserved.4 commentsBolayi
Morocco, Lixus39 viewsLixus is the site of an ancient Roman city located in Morocco just north of the modern seaport of Larache on the bank of the Loukkos River. The location was one of the main cities of the Roman province of Mauretania Tingitana .

Ancient Lixus is located on Tchemmich Hill on the right bank of the Loukkos River (other names: Oued Loukous; Locus River), just to the north of the modern seaport of Larache. The site lies within the urban perimeter of Larache, and about three kilometers inland from the mouth of the river and the Atlantic ocean. From its 80 meters above the plain the site dominates the marshes through which the river flows. To the north, Lixus is surrounded by hills which themselves are bordered to the north and east by a forest of cork oaks.

Among the ruins there are Roman baths, temples, 4th century walls, a mosaic floor, a Christian church and the intricate and confusing remains of the Capitol Hill.

Lixus was first settled by the Phoenicians in the 7th century BC and was later annexed by Carthage. Lixus was part of a chain of Phoenician/Carthaginian settlements along the Atlantic coast of modern Morocco; other major settlements further to the south are Chellah (called Sala Colonia by the Romans) and Mogador. When Carthage fell to Ancient Rome, Lixus, Chellah and Mogador became imperial outposts of the Roman province Mauretania Tingitana.

The ancient sources agree to make of Lixus a counter Phoenician, which is confirmed by the archaeological discovery of material dating from 8th century BC. It gradually grew in importance, later coming under Carthaginian domination. After the destruction of Carthage, Lixus fell to Roman control and was made an imperial colony, reaching its zenith during the reign of the emperor Claudius I (AD 41-54).

Some ancient Greek writers located at Lixus the mythological garden of the Hesperides, the keepers of the golden apples. The name of the city was often mentioned by writers from Hanno the Navigator to the Geographer of Ravenna, and confirmed by the legend on its coins and by an inscription. The ancients believed Lixus to be the site of the Garden of the Hesperides and of a sanctuary of Hercules, where Hercules gathered gold apples, more ancient than the one at Cadiz, Spain. However, there are no grounds for the claim that Lixus was founded at the end of the second millennium BC.

Lixus flourished during the Roman Empire, mainly when Claudius established a Roman Colonia with full rights for the citizens. Lixus was one of the few Roman cities in Berber Africa that enjoyed an amphitheater: the amphitheater at Lixus. In the third century Lixus become nearly fully Christian and there are even now the ruins of a paleochristian church overlooking the archeological area. The Arab invasions destroyed the Roman city. Some berber life was maintained there nevertheless until one century after the Islamic conquest of North Africa by the presence of a mosque and a house with patio with the covered walls of painted stuccos.

The site was excavated continuously from 1948 to 1969. In the 1960s, Lixus was restored and consolidated. In 1989, following an international conference which brought together many scientists, specialists, historians and archaeologists of the Mediterranean around the history and archaeology of Lixus, the site was partly enclosed. Work was undertaken to study the Roman mosaics of the site, which constitute a very rich unit. In addition to the vestiges interesting to discover the such mosaics whose one of sixty meters representing Poseidon. Lixus was on a surface of approximately 75 hectares (190 acres). The excavated zones constitute approximately 20% of the total surface of the site.

This site was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List on July 1, 1995 in the Cultural category.
Joe Sermarini
Morocco, Volubilis Capitol36 viewsTo the south of the basilica stands the capitol, a temple dedicated to the Roman Capitoline triad, Jupiter, Juno and Minerva. It is composed of a single cella reached by thirteen steps. Four other chapels complete the complex, of which one was dedicated to the goddess Venus. The temple was reconstructed in 218 C.E. by Macrinus, as is indicated by an inscription found in 1924. The temple’s porticos were restored in 1955. In 1962, restoration work started again; the stairs were restored (only three steps remained out of the original thirteen), and the walls of the cella as well as the architectural elements (column drums, bases and capitals) were restored. Franz-Josef M
Morocco, Volubilis Caracalla arc left side34 viewsFranz-Josef M
Morocco, Volubilis Caracalla arc of triomph29 viewsDuring the reign of septimius severus and caracalla the city volubilis had 10000 inhabitants.Franz-Josef M
Morocco, Volubilis Caracalla arc right30 viewsFranz-Josef M
Morocco, Volubilis Maroc28 viewsBasilicaFranz-Josef M
Morocco, Volubilis Maroc32 viewsFranz-Josef M
Morocco, Volubilis Maroc33 viewsFranz-Josef M
Morocco, Volubilis Maroc animal mosaic28 viewsFranz-Josef M
Morocco, Volubilis mosaic 24 viewsmosaic of the house of the acrobat, acrobat riding a donkeyFranz-Josef M
Morocco, Volubilis mosaic35 views Hercules 12 labours and adventuresFranz-Josef M
Morocco, Volubilis mosaic30 viewsHylas and the nymphsFranz-Josef M
Morocco, Volubilis mosaic36 viewsBath of DianaFranz-Josef M
Motya Charioteer marble sculpture2 viewsThe remarkable and exquisite Motya Charioteer marble sculpture found in 1979 is world famous and is on display at the local Giuseppe Whitaker museum.

Motya was an ancient and powerful city on an island off the west coast of Sicily, between Drepanum (modern Trapani) and Lilybaeum (modern Marsala). The island was renamed San Pantaleo in the 11th century by Basilian monks. It lies in the Stagnone Lagoon, and is within the comune of Marsala. The island is nearly 850 metres (2,790 ft) long and 750 metres (2,460 ft) wide, and about 1 kilometer (0.62 mi) (six stadia) from the mainland of Sicily. It was joined to the mainland in ancient times by an artificial causeway (paved road), by which chariots with large wheels could reach the town.

Photo by: AEK
Released under the GNU Free Documentation License.
Joe Sermarini
Ruta 2~0.jpg
New World, Maya297 viewsMayadigger
Altun Ha.jpg
New World, Maya, Altun Ha, Belize482 viewsMayadigger - Altun Ha "Rock Water", was another ancient Maya city that encompassed nearly 700 years of occupation. Lovely in situation, it's population at it's height was close to 20,000 citizens. It was another leading trade center. Mayadigger
Altun Ha Masks.jpg
New World, Maya, Altun Ha, Belize, Masks452 viewsAnother example of the "Pre-Classic Masks" that tell us that this city was established at least 200 AD.Mayadigger
New World, Maya, Chicanna, Campeche, Mexico454 viewsMayadigger - Chicanna is a smallish ruin found in Southern Campeche, Mexico. Seen in the photo is a wonderous depiction of everything that the ancient Maya were really about. The ancient Maya, as well as nearly all Meso-American civilizations, believed that caves/grottos were the doors to the underworld (read after-life). In fact, when archaeologists dug beneath the vast Pyramid of the Sun in Teotihuacan in Mexico they discovered that the enormous pyramid was centered on the top of a huge underground complex. The ancient Maya named their underworld "Xibalba" and their representaion of this phenomenon is now known as a Witz Monster. In this photo we see the Witz Monster, his mouth agape, lower jaw displayed with huge teeth, leading into a temple. To the untrained eye it may be hard to make out, but if you look close, you can see his eyes above the doorway, and his ear-flairs to either side of the portal. Very cool...Mayadigger
Copan Stele.jpg
New World, Maya, Copan, Honduras647 viewsMayadigger - The most Southern City of the ancient Maya was Copan, "Zotz" in Maya. The name Zotz means "Bat." Cppan was the "Paris" of the Maya world. The archetecture and entablature was just superb. Seen in this photo, we see the stele of Yax Kuk Mo, "Blue Quetzal Macaw." As it turned out, Yax Kuk Mo came from Teotihuacan, in the Valley of Mexico. An imported Prince as it were...2 commentsMayadigger
New World, Maya, Lamanai, Belize399 viewsMayadigger - Lamanai, "Submerged Crocodile" in Maya, is a truly pristine and very remote ancient Maya city. In this case we, took a small boat up a long, turgid river. It can be reached by "road", read 50 mile muddy track. I know, we did it a few years later and never again. In ancient days, Lamanai owed its wealth to being a trade center centrally located between the vast Maya cities of Tikal, Altun Ha, Caracol, and Copan. Killer ruins...but do not forget your bug spray!Mayadigger
Lamanai Vista.jpg
New World, Maya, Lamanai, Belize537 viewsMayadigger - Here I am "discovering" an ancient Maya pyramid in the ruins at Lamanai. As seen, it's being recovered from the rain forest by archeologists. This particular structure ia about 80 feet tall. What makes Lamanai unique is that it was the longest inhabited city in the New World...from approx. 300BC to 1100 AD.1 commentsMayadigger
Lamanai Mask.jpg
New World, Maya, Lamanai, Belize411 viewsMayadigger - This is a detail seen on the previous structure. What you're looking at is known to Meso-American archaeologists as a "Pre-Classic Mask" and are only found on Maya structures from the Pre-Classic time, i.e. 200-400 A.D. This fellow is a "Kinich Ahau" or a "Shining-faced" Lord. Kinich Ahau was the Maya Sun God, but this was also the title of the Maya rulers. As all Maya structures were built onion-style, that is, one layer atop another, it is easy for us to date them when we come across masks such as seen here.Mayadigger
Lubaantun ruin.jpg
New World, Maya, Lubaantun, Belize, Sign ruins419 viewsThe small site of Lubaantun is found in the remote rain forests of Southern Belize. One of the most interesting bits about this ruin is that the Maya did not use mortar between the building stones. Very rare...never saw it before or since.Mayadigger
Lubaantun ruin close.jpg
New World, Maya, Lubaantun, Belize, Sign ruins close396 viewsMayadigger - Note the lack of mortar...very cool!Mayadigger
New World, Maya, Tikal, Guatemala421 viewsMayadigger - Tikal was the home to 45,000 + citizens from 200-800 AD. This truly maginificent site is located deep in the Peten rainforest. The pyramid seen here is approx. 140 feet tall, whose temple is topped with a "cox-comb" roof decoration. In the right foreground is seen the Great Plaza with a number of stone stelae commemorating the city's kings. In the right background is the acropolis, where the elites not only lived, but were also buried with great pomp.
New World, Maya, Tikal, Guatemala, Cox Combs above the rain forest593 viewsMayadigger - The cox-comb roofs of a number of towering pyramids show just above the gigantic mahagony and giant fig trees of the Peten forest. These threes are full of parrots, toucans, and howler and spider monkeys. As far as I was concerned, my only thoughts were as how I was to get back down without breaking my neck!3 commentsMayadigger
New World, Maya, Xpuhil, Campeche, Mexico379 viewsLocated about thirty miles south of Chicanna, the ancient Maya city named Xpuhil, pronounced "SH-PUH-HEEL" found themselves between the hammer of wanning Tikal to the South and the anvil of the rising Chichen Itza to the North. Without the resources of Tikal, but trying to emmulate that great city's pyramids/temples, poor Xpuhil could only manage a sorry and rather pathetic attempt of Tikal's grand structures. Seen here, we see that their Temple structure tries to copy those seen at Tikal...rather sad, isn't it...?Mayadigger
Peru, 1.jpg
New World, Peru344 viewsThe ancient walls of the huge 15th Cent. Inca fortress known as Sacsayhuaman, elevation 12,000 feet above sea level. The fortress was incomplete at the time of the Spanish conquest. Most of the smaller wrought stones were removed by the Spanish invaders to build homes and cathedrals in the ancient Inca Capital of Cuzco in the valley 1,000 feet below. The existant stones seen in the photo, weighing many 1,000's of tons, were too large for the invaders to easily to remove, and they remain in situe.Mayadigger
New World, Peru 1526 viewsThat's me, standing close to the stones, just to give the size...2 commentsMayadigger
Peru. 1.5.jpg
New World, Peru 1.5573 viewsMore Cyclopean Stones with Sheri showing their size...3 commentsMayadigger
Peru, 12.jpg
New World, Peru 12327 viewsAn excellent example of ancient Inca stonework; note that there is no mortar, nor is none necessary.Mayadigger
Peru, 13.jpg
New World, Peru 13316 viewsStill exploring, with another grand vista of the Urubamba River Valley seen in the distance far below...Mayadigger
Peru, 14.jpg
New World, Peru 14288 viewsThat's me again, pointing out that "You can't put a knife-blade between these stones..." LOL!Mayadigger
Peru, 15.jpg
New World, Peru 15307 viewsMe and Sheri hamming it up! That's a wrap! Mayadigger
Peru, 4.jpg
New World, Peru 4272 viewsThe Urubamba River on the way to somewhere very special... The Urubamba Valley was the Bread-basket of the Inca Empire where an amazing variety of fruits and vegetables were produced including pineapples, no less!Mayadigger
Peru, 5.jpg
New World, Peru 5284 viewsI have been truly blessed to have had the opportunity to explore many remakable places around the world...but so far, this one takes the cake. Mayadigger
Peru, 6.jpg
New World, Peru 6303 viewsGetting artsy in B/W photos, we treked up a long trail through dense rainforest to get this first glimpse of the ancient ruin...Mayadigger
Peru, 7.jpg
New World, Peru 7319 viewsMachu Picchu, at last! Words cannot describe the near-unworldly vistas seen here. The viewer is overcome with the stillness, and the grand edifices that seem to mock you from the distant past. The clouds and mists gather and then retreat, hiding and then revealing, awesome views of the surrounding forested peaks. Mayadigger
Peru, 8.jpg
New World, Peru 8304 viewsA grand vista of the Inca ruin...Mayadigger
Peru, 9.jpg
New World, Peru 9338 viewsThe Temple of the Sun, the only round structure found here, is reported to have the finest stonework at the site.Mayadigger
Portugal, Algarve, Site of Milreu100 viewsTempel at the site of a Villa Rustica, build in the 1st cent. AD.
Transformed into a church and abandoned in the 6th cent.
Portugal, Algarve, Site of Milreu128 viewsDetail of mosaic.pax
Portugal, Algarve, Site of Milreu94 viewsfrigidarium, cold bath. with fishes pax
Portugal, Algarve, Site of Milreu84 viewsdetail of the fishespax
Portugal, Algarve, Site of Milreu98 viewsremains of roman villa underneath a 16th cent farmer house, mosaic floorpax
Portugal, Algarve, Site of Milreu115 viewsremains of the floor of a roman villa (with heating) underneath a 16th cent. farmer housepax
Portugal, Algarve, Site of Milreu116 viewsspace for the warm air that heated the floorpax
Slovakia, Gerulata 135 viewsRoman military camp located near today's Rusovce, a borough of Bratislava, Slovakia. It was part of the Roman province Pannonia and built in the 2nd century as a part of the Limes Romanus system. It was abandoned in the 4th century, when Roman legions withdrew from Pannonia.

Today there is a museum, which is part of the Bratislava City Museum.

The most preserved object is a quadrilateral building 30 metres long and 30 metres wide, with 2.4 metre thick walls.
South Korea, Woraksan 119 viewsThis giant turtle lays near the Buddha of the future of my other picture, it is approximately 5 m long and 1000 year old.Franz-Josef M
South Korea, Woraksan - Buddha110 viewsIn the Woraksan mountains I visit this big Buddha carved in the rock, I estimate the high 20 m, but I' m not sure.Franz-Josef M
South Korea, Woraksan - Buddha90 viewsBuddha of the future, he is already more than 1000 years old, but still has a good appearance. The location of this Buddha is a valley in the middle of the Woraksan mountains. Its a great holy place.Franz-Josef M
Spain, Naveta des Tudons93 viewsPlace: Naveta des Tudons, Menorca
Country: Spain

The Naveta des Tudons is the most famous megalithic chamber tomb in Minorca. It was used between 1200 y 750 BC. It is a collective tomb which contained, when it was discovered in 1975 at least 100 men and different objects like bronze bracelets or bone and ceramic buttons.

The legend says that two brothers were competing for the love of a girl. To decide who would be the chosen one, they started a construction, and the first one to finish it would marry the girl. One of them decided to build the naveta and the other one a well. The time run and when the last stone was going to be placed on the naveta, the other brother shouted: "Water, water!!". Then, the brother who was building the naveta, very angry, threw the last stone (the one that is missing on the top) into the well, killing his brother. Then, feeling remorse for what he had done, he killed himself. It is said that the girl died alone and was buried in the naveta.
Spain, Santiponce, Italica, Amphitheatre from outside15 viewsjmuona
Spain, Santiponce, Italica, amphitheatre.14 viewsView from the areana. jmuona
Spain, Santiponce, Italica, amphitheatre.14 viewsView from higher up. Originally it seated 25.000 people and was the 3rd largest in the Empire. May, 2002.jmuona
Spain, Santiponce, Italica, entrance to amphitheatre17 viewsMay, 2002.jmuona
Spain, Santiponce, Italica.18 viewsTABULA GLADIATORIA made easier to read - if you know your Latin. May, 2002.jmuona
Spain, Santiponce, Italica.21 viewsTABULA GLADIATORIA. The original one on the wall of the gladiator's tunnel to the theatre. May, 2002.jmuona
Spain, Santiponce, Italica.11 viewsThe copy of the statue of Venus is placed close to the entrance. The original, now in the Archelogical Museum in Sevilla, was found in Italica.jmuona
Spain, Santiponce, Italica.15 viewsMay, 2002. Large areas were still unstudied at the time.jmuona
Spain, Santiponce, Italica.15 viewsPartially opened site. May, 2002.jmuona
Spain, Santiponce, Italica.12 viewsThe corridor gladiators used to enter the theatre. May, 2002.jmuona
Spain, Santiponce, Italica.13 viewsCopies of statues found at the site have been placed around the ruins. May, 2002.jmuona
Spain, Santiponce, Italica.12 viewsItalica is famous for its Mosaic floors. This is from the house of Neptunus. Who knows, perhaps Trajanus was born at this very Place? May, 2002.jmuona
Spain, Santiponce, Italica.13 viewsDetail showing Neptunus himself. Floor of the house of Neptunus. May, 2002.jmuona
Spain, Santiponce, Italica.17 viewsCrocodile and the playful youngster... Detail of the floor of the house of Neptunus. May, 2002.jmuona
Spain, Santiponce, Italica.19 viewsDetail of the floor of the house of Planetarium. May, 2002.jmuona
Spain, Santiponce, Italica.17 viewsSection of the floor of the house of Birds. May, 2002.jmuona
Spain, Santiponce, Italica.16 viewsFloor map of the house of Birds. May, 2002.jmuona
Spain, Santiponce, Italica.23 viewsDetail of the floor of house of Birds. Cannot figure out the species... May, 2002.jmuona
Spain, Santiponce, Italica.21 viewsDetail of the floor of the house of Birds. Athene noctua - the typical Minerva owl. May, 2002.jmuona
Spain, Santiponce, Italica.24 viewsBust of Trajanus, copy at the ticket booth in Italica, original in Archelogical Museum, Sevilla.
Trajanus was born in this city. May, 2002.
Spain, Santiponce, Italica.43 viewsFragments of old painted wall. very little is left of this type of structures.
The largest floor mosaics are in the Archelogical Museum in Sevilla but many fine ones were at the orginal site in May, 2002.
Spain, Segobriga - Ampitheater27 viewsSegobriga is a former Roman city near Saelices, in the province of Cuenca in Spain. It is possibly one of the most important archaeological sites of the Spanish Meseta. The name Segóbriga derives from two words: "Sego" meaning victory and "briga" meaning city fortress. The translation would be "City of the Victory" or "Victorious City." The site includes an amphitheatre, theater, the city walls and gates, two thermal buildings or Roman baths, and the Forum. There is also a necropolis, and the circus (Roman race track) is being excavated - its outline can be seen from the top of the hill.

The Amphitheater, 75m long and of an irregular elliptic shape, is the biggest monument of Segóbriga and had capacity for 5,500

Joe Sermarini
Spain, Segobriga - Roman baths27 viewsSegóbriga is a former Roman city near Saelices, in the province of Cuenca in Spain. It is possibly one of the most important archaeological sites of the Spanish Meseta. The name Segóbriga derives from two words: "Sego" meaning victory and "briga" meaning city fortress. The translation would be "City of the Victory" or "Victorious City." The site includes an amphitheatre, theater, the city walls and gates, two thermal buildings or Roman baths, and the Forum. There is also a necropolis, and the circus (Roman race track) is being excavated - its outline can be seen from the top of the hill.

Roman Baths: The monumental baths were not only for hygienic reasons but also for social and business purposes.

Joe Sermarini
Spain, Segobriga - Theater20 viewsSegóbriga is a former Roman city near Saelices, in the province of Cuenca in Spain. It is possibly one of the most important archaeological sites of the Spanish Meseta. The name Segóbriga derives from two words: "Sego" meaning victory and "briga" meaning city fortress. The translation would be "City of the Victory" or "Victorious City." The site includes an amphitheatre, theater, the city walls and gates, two thermal buildings or Roman baths, and the Forum. There is also a necropolis, and the circus (Roman race track) is being excavated - its outline can be seen from the top of the hill.

Construction of the theater began under the emperor Tiberius and was completed during the Flavian dynasty, circa AD 79. The orchestra had three tiers of seats for VIP's and is preserved together with seats for spectators divided into sections according to their social classes. The upper cavea was built on the city wall on a vault over a street

Photographer: Art Davis
25 September 2011
This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license.
Joe Sermarini
Spain, Segovia - Aqueduct202 views2 commentsViriathus
Spain, Talaiot de Torellonet Vell113 viewsPlace: Torellonet Vell, Menorca
Country: Spain

The talaiot is the most significant structure of the prehistorical culture of Minorca and Majorca. Its characteristics are very varied but always bears a similarity with a tower. Although some talaiots have been found with an interior room, generally, the area that is used more frequently would be at the top, which is now mostly in ruins.

Nonetheless, the large talaiot depicted in this photo, Torelló 1, still has a well preserved door-window open to the south. It seems that the construction had diverse buildings embedded around it.

Although the excavation of the superior camera gave Roman chandeliers and ceramics, the remains of a factory of brass foundry was found west of the talaiot (where several molds, a faulty axe and Talaiotic ceramic were located) which seem to date the construction of the monument before the beginning of the 1st millennium BC.

Spain, Torralba d'en Salord91 viewsPlace: Torralba d'en Salord, Menorca
Country: Spain

Torralba d'en Salord is a prehistoric talaiotic settlement located on the island of Minorca between the towns of Mahon and Alayor. Chronologically, it lies between 1000 BC and the Roman conquest. Although it lasted until the Middle Ages.

The large T-shaped monument that is depicted in the photo is called a Taula, and it's probably a sanctuary. A U-shaped wall encloses the Taulas; these precincts are 3000 years old, but the age of its central monuments is unknown. This Taula measures 5 meters tall and it's the largest of its kind.
Spain, Torre d'en Galmés, Menorca122 viewsPlace: Torre d'en Galmés, Menorca
Country: Spain

Torre d'en Galmés is situated on a small hill that dominates most of the southern part of the island Minorca. On clear days it is possible to see the mountains of neighbouring Majorca. In prehistoric times it would have been possible to observe a large numbers of talaiotic towns from this position which leads to think that Torre d'en Galmés exercised a position of authority.

The Cartailhac Circle, named in honour of the eminent French archaeologist Émile Cartailhac, author of "Primitive Monuments on the Balearic Islands (1892)", was inhabitated between 250-50 BC. Its external wall is made with flagstones placed vertically on a baseboard.
In the interior, we see the remains of a central patio, with numerous fallen architectural elements (mullions, lintels, pilasters...), and three rooms around it.
To each side of the entrance there is a small covered space, with the roof below the superior level of the stones of the external facade, which seems to indicate that, at least above these spaces, there was a floor.
Spain, Torre d'en Galmés, Menorca - The Cartailhac Circle80 viewsPlace: Torre d'en Galmés, Menorca
Country: Spain

Torre d'en Galmés is situated on a small hill that dominates most of the southern part of the island Minorca. On clear days it is possible to see the mountains of neighbouring Majorca. In prehistoric times it would have been possible to observe a large numbers of talaiotic towns from this position which leads to think that Torre d'en Galmés exercised a position of authority.

The Cartailhac Circle, named in honour of the eminent French archaeologist Émile Cartailhac, author of "Primitive Monuments on the Balearic Islands (1892)", was inhabitated between 250-50 BC. Its external wall is made with flagstones placed vertically on a baseboard.

In the interior, we see the remains of a central patio, with numerous fallen architectural elements (mullions, lintels, pilasters...), and three rooms around it.

To each side of the entrance there is a small covered space, with the roof below the superior level of the stones of the external facade, which seems to indicate that, at least above these spaces, there was a floor.
Syria, Bostra, Roman Theatre16 viewsOriginally a Nabataean city, in A.D.106 Bostra was conquered by the emperor Trajan who renamed it Nova Trajana Bostra and made it the capital of the Roman province of Arabia Petraea. Since it was at the juncture of several trade routes connecting Damascus to the Red Sea the city flourished and Bostra eventually achieved the title metropolis under the emperor Philip I, who was a native of the city.
Today Bostra is a major archaeological site and has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Its main feature is it's Roman theatre which is reputed to be the best preserved Roman theatre in the world.
Syria, The Great Colonnade at Apamea68 viewsApamea, on the right bank of the Orontes River, was a treasure city and stud-depot of the Seleucid kings, and was the capital of Apamene. Its site is found about 55 km (34 mi) to the northwest of Hama, Syria, overlooking the Ghab valley.

Previously known as Pharmake, it was fortified and enlarged by Seleucus I Nicator in 300 B.C., who so named it after his Bactrian wife, Apama. The fortress was placed upon a hill; the windings of the Orontes, with the lake and marshes, gave it a peninsular form. Seleucus had his commissariat there, 500 elephants, with 30,000 mares, and 300 stallions. The pretender, Diodotus Tryphon, made Apamea the basis of his operations.

Josephus relates, that Pompey marching south from his winter quarters, probably at or near Antioch, razed the fortress of Apamea in 64 B.C. and the city was annexed to the Roman Republic. In the revolt of Syria under Q. Caecilius Bassus, it held out against Julius Caesar for three years till the arrival of Cassius, 46 B.C.
Located at a strategic crossroads for Eastern commerce, the city flourished to the extent that its population eventually numbered half a million. It was one of the four cities of the Syrian tetrapolis. The city boasted one of the largest theaters in the Roman world, and a monumental colonnade.

On the outbreak of the Jewish War, the inhabitants of Apamea spared the Jews who lived in their midst, and would not suffer them to be murdered or led into captivity.
Destroyed by Chosroes I in the 6th century, it was partially rebuilt and known in Arabic as Famia, and destroyed by an earthquake in 1152. In the Crusades it was still a flourishing and important place and was occupied by Tancred.


The ancient city has been damaged as a result of the ongoing civil war in Syria.
Joe Sermarini
Syria, The Roman theater of Gabalah (Jableh, Syria)57 viewsJableh (Arabic: جبلة‎ Ǧabla), also spelt Jebleh, Jabala, Jablah or Gabala, is a coastal city on the Mediterranean in Syria, 25 km north of Baniyas and 25 km south of Latakia, with c. 80,000 inhabitants (2008). In antiquity Jableh was an important Roman city, one of the main remains of this period is an amphitheater, capable of housing c. 7,000 spectators. Near the seashores even older remains were found dating to the Iron Age or Phoenician Era. Less than 1 kilometer of the city center lies the ancient site of Gibala, today known as Tell Tweini. This city was inhabited from the third millennium BCE until the Persian period. Source: Sermarini
Tunisia, Tunis (Carthage)295 viewsCarthage was completely destroyed 146 BC so all excavations are from roman times.1 commentsJohny SYSEL
Tunisia, Tunis (Carthage) - bath of Antoninus190 viewsJohny SYSEL
Tunisia, Tunis (Carthage) - bath of Antoninus177 viewsJohny SYSEL
Turkey, Ankara, Anatolian Museum of Civilisations.9 viewsA Phrygian toy in the form of a griffin eating a fish. Made of wood and dating to the 8th cent. BC, it was recovered in a Tumulus at the site of Gordion.
Photograph by Will Hooton.
Turkey, Ankara, Anatolian Museum of Civilisations.9 viewsBust attributed to a somewhat ill looking Marcus Aurelius.
Photograph by Will Hooton
Turkey, Ankara, Anatolian Museum of Civilisations.11 viewsA magnificent bronze tondo of Trajan Decius. It was really tricky to photograph, the light above acts as a backlight and picking up facial details with out flash (and with a museum guard behind you to make sure you don't). And the reflective panes of glass don't help either.
Nevertheless, a wonderful piece. I am sorry I could not do any better.
Photograph by Will Hooton
Turkey, Ankara, Anatolian Museum of Civilisations.9 viewsSide view of the magnificent bronze tondo of Trajan Decius.
Photograph by Will Hooton
Turkey, Ankara, Anatolian Museum of Civilisations.7 viewsA relief of Hittite troops and palace officials, dating to the second half of the 8th cent. BC.
Photograph by Will Hooton
Turkey, Ankara, Anatolian Museum of Civilisations.8 viewsThe Phrygians seemed to have possessed advanced metal working skills as is testified to by this bronze phiale, found at the Great Tumulus at Gordion.
Photograph by Will Hooton
733 files on 2 page(s) 1