Bactria, Kingdom of Kushans, Kanishka I, Göbl 766 cf.49 viewsKanishka I, AD 127-151
obv. BACILEVC BACI - LEWN KANHiKOV (i should be read like sh as in Kushan)
Kanishka, bearded, wearing heavy Kushan cloak and trousers, long boots and
high hat, stg. facing, holding standard in l. hand and sacrificing with r. hand
over altar; from his shoulders emanating flames; club at feet r.(?)
Helios, nimbate, stg. l., r. had hand raised in salvation gestus (Greek style)
left before monogram (tamgha) of Kanishka
cf. Göbl 766 (has HILOC in legend)
rare, good F/VF
Kanishka I was a very important ruler in South-East-Asia. While in his early years he was an adherent of syncretistic religions he later established Buddhism in his empire and became a crucial founder.
This type belongs to Kanishka's earlier years, because the legends are Greek. Later issues have legends in Kushan. Tamgha first was a brand for cattle, later it became a symbol for the nomadic clans too. Jochen
Hephthalites, Nezak Huns, unknown king, Göbl 19832 viewsAE 27 (drachm), 3.8g
struck in Kapisa, Kabul, AD 515-680(?)
obv. Bust, wearing winged helmet, draped and with ear-rings, bull protoe above
r. NPKI MLKA, l. letter A (all in Pahlevi)
rev. fire-altar, on each side a stylized attendant, sun-wheels above their heads
Göbl 198, Mitchener 1510-12
VF/F+, nice green patina prfectly centered
Nezak Melka, the legend on the coin, probably is not the name of a king but a title.Jochen
Mesopotamia, Hatra, SNG Copenhagen 23241 viewsAE 23
struck beginn - mid of 2nd century AD
obv. HTR DSMS (= Hatra of Shamash, city name in Aramaic)
Bust of Shamash, draped, radiate, r.
rev. big turned down SC, above eagle with opened wings stg. frontal, head l., all in laurel-wreath.
SNG Copenhagen 232; Slocum series 1, Walker type A
about VF, thick dark green patina
Hatra was an independent kingdom between Parthia and the Roman Syria. This coin is said to have been struck after the unsuccessfull siege by Trajan AD 117. The eagle above the turned down SC then is the symbol of this victory and not an error of the die-cutter.
North Africa, Carthago, SNG Cop. 10942 viewsAE 17, 3.19g
struck 400-350 BC
obv. Head of goddess Tanit, crowned with grain, l.
rev. Horse stg. r., palm-tree behind
SNG Copenhagen 109; Alexandropoulos 18
Tanit was the main-goddess of Carthago. The Horse is a symbol for Carthago and the palm-tree stands for prosperity.
Sassanids, Hormizd II, Goebl 83 cf.44 viewsHormizd II, AD 302-309
AR - drachm, 27.2mm, 3.48g
obv. legend in Pahlevi (abbreviated and bungled, from r. to l.): .ly. .KLM n.KLM [ydzmrhw'] ygb nsd
[y?]zm (= The Mazdah worshipper, the divine Hormizd, the king of kings of
Iran, who is descended from the gods)
Bust, bearded, r., wearing crown with eagle r., holding pearl in beak, above
korymbos (Goebl crown type I)
rev. Fire-altar, girlanded, decorated with three globuli, burning, in the flames bearded bust of Ahura Mazda, l.; at l. side Hormizd wearing eagle-crown and korymbos, stg. r., and at r. side bearded priest, wearing mural crown, both with harem pants(?) and holding sword with both hands, behind legend in Pahlevi (abbreviated and bungled, clockwise from upper right to l.): [ydzmrhw'] 'LWN (= The Fire of Hormizd)
cf. Göbl 83; cf. Mitchener ACW 867; cf. Paruck 176 (all with only one globukus)
about VF, small die break on rev.
Thanks to T.K.Mallon from grifterrec.com for the legends!
Korymbos (often called globe in error!) = typical hair-doe of the Sassanids kings, hair of head combined ball-shaped above, covered in silk-rag. The crown was specific for each king.Jochen