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Saufeius.jpg
L Saufeius44 viewsHelmeted head of Roma right X behind

Victory in biga right L SAVF VF in monogram
ROMA below

Rome, 152 BC
3.54g

Sear 83, Saufeia 1, Syd 384
2 commentsJay GT4
chilo.jpg
108-109 BC L. Flaminius Cilo93 viewsHelmeted head of Roma right
X below chin ROMA behind

Victory in Biga right holding wreath
L FLAMINI below
CILO in ex

Rome 109-108 BC
3.90g

Sear 179, RRC 302/1, RSC Flaminia 1

Wonderful toning on this example
ex-Arcade Coins
2 commentsJay GT4
PhilippusRR.jpg
113/112 BC L. Marcius Philippus137 viewsL Marcius Philippus
ROMA monogram
Head of King Philip V of Macedon right, wearing helmet decorated with goat's horns, Φ below chin

L PHILIPPVS
Equestrian statue right on tablet with inscription. Horseman carrying laurel-branch flower at horses feet. (XVI monogram) below tablet.

Rome 113/112 BC

3.96g

Crawford 293/1. Sydenham 551. Marcia 12.

Ex Calgary-Coin

This is the first Roman coin to depict an historical person instead of a personification or deity. The money’s ancestor L. Marcius Q.f. Philippus negotiated a treaty between Rome and Philip V of Macedon.
5 commentsJay GT4
Sergius_Silius.jpg
116-115 BC M. Sergius Silus261 viewsHelmeted head of Roma right
EX SC before, ROMA and XVI in monogram gehind

Helmeted horseman galloping left, holding sword and severed Gallic head in left hand
M SERGI below, SILVS in ex, Q below horses's forelegs

Rome 116-115 BC

3.91g
VF+

Sear 163, RRC 286/1

This issuer strikes as a quaestor and by special decree of the Senate (EX Senatus Consulto). Quaestors were the immediate superiors of the moneyers and under unusual circumstances occasionally utilized their authority to produce coins.

Ex-Lucernae

2011 Forum Best of Type winner
8 commentsJay GT4
Filius.jpg
119 BC M. Furius L. f. Philus78 viewsM FOVRI L F
Laur. head of Janus

ROMA to right PHILI in ex (PHI in monogram)
Roma standing left crowning trophy with carnyx and shield on each side, star above Roma

Rome 119 BC

3.89g

Crawford 281/1; Sydenham 529; BMC 555

Commemorates the victories over the Allobroges and the Arverni in Gaul in 121 BC by CN Domitius Ahenobarbus and Q. Fabius Maximus only a few years earlier


Ex-Baranowsky Roma
4 commentsJay GT4
Fabi~0.jpg
124 BC* Q Fabius Labeo60 viewsHelmeted head of Roma right, X below chin LABEO before ROMA behind


Jupiter in Quadriga right brandishing thunderbolt, rostrum below Q FABI in ex

Rome 124 BC

3.92g

Sear 148
1 commentsJay GT4
Faust.jpg
137 BC Sextus Pompeius55 viewsHelmeted head of Roma right, X below chin, jug behind

FOSTLVS SEX POM
ROMA in Ex.
She-wolf standing rightsuckling the twins Romulus and Remus, fig tree in background with three birds, the shepherd Faustulus standing right behind

Rome 137 BC
Sear 112
CRR 461

ex-ANE

This moneyer was the husband of Lucilia (sister of the poet C. Lucilius) and father to Cn. Pompeius Sex. f Strabo, and grandfather of Pompeius Magnus (Pompey the Great). He may also have been praetor in 119 BC.
2 commentsJay GT4
Longus.jpg
42 BC L. Mussidius Longus129 viewsCONCORDIA
Veiled and diad. head of Concordia right star below chin

L. MVSSIDIVS LONGVS
Shrine of Venus Cloacina consisting of circular platform, inscribed CLOACIN, surmounted by two statues of the goddess

Rome
42 BC

3.42g
Sear 494, RRC 494/42

ex-Canadian Coin

In Roman mythology, Cloacina (Latin, cloaca: "sewer" or "drain") was the goddess who presided over the Cloaca Maxima the main sewer drain in Rome. The Cloaca Maxima is traditionally said to have beeen started by one of Rome's Etruscan kings, Tarquinius Priscus. Despite her Etruscan origins, she later became identified with Venus.

Titus Tatius, who reigned with Romulus, erected a statue to Cloacina as the spirit of the "Great Drain". As well as controlling sewers, she was also a protector of sexual intercourse in marriage. The Romans believed that a good sewage system was important for the success of Rome, as a good sewer system was necessary for the physical health of Roman citizens. Additionally, Romans worshipped Cloacina as the goddess of purity. Cloacina was worshipped as an aspect of Venus at the small Shrine of Venus Cloacina, located in front of the Basilica Aemilia in the Roman Forum and directly above the Cloaca Maxima. The depiction on the reverse of this coin is that shrine.

The image of Concordia could be interpreted to convey the thought of Unity between the triumvirs to defeat Brutus and Cassius. Venus Cloacina on the reverse conveys the thought of purification for the treacherous murder of the dictator Julius Caesar by men who claimed to be his friends.
4 commentsJay GT4
Caesar~4.jpg
44 BC Julius Caesar Lifetime Portrait denarius432 viewsCAESAR DICT PERPETVO
laureate head of Julius Caesar right

L BVCA
Venus seated right holding Victory on extended right hand, transverse scepter in left

Struck Feb - Mar 14th, 44 BC.

3.58g

RCV 1410, RSC 24.

Venus seated' only appears on this one type of Caesar's 'lifetime' issues, on the remainder she is standing.

Lucius Aemilius Buca was a distant relative of the dictator Sulla. This coin was struck within a month of Caesar's murder.

Ex-Incitatus, Ex-CNG Electronic Auction 223, lot 393
6 commentsJay GT4
Plautius.jpg
47 BC L Plautius Plancus108 viewsL PLAVTIVS
Head of Medusa facing

PLANCVS
Victory facing, her wings spread, conducting four rearing horses

Rome 47 BC
Sear 429, RSC Plautia 14-15c, RRC 453/1
4.00g

ex Roberto Pedoni Roma
2 commentsJay GT4
caesar.jpg
47/46 BC Julius Caesar83 viewsDiademed head of Venus right, wearing necklace, hair collected into a knot, falling in two locks

CAESAR
Aeneas, naked, advancing left, head facing, holding palladium in extended right hand and bearing his father, Anchises, wearing long tunic and hood, on his left shoulder.


Military mint moving with Caesar in North Africa.

47-46 BC

3.5g

Crawford 458/1; CRI 55; Sydenham 1013; RSC 12.

Ex-Munzhandlung Polak

The reverse depicts Aeneas’ flight from Troy, with his elderly father Anchises on his shoulder. Virgil's epic poam The Aeneid tells the story of Aeneas. When Troy was sacked by the Greeks, Aeneas, after being commanded by the gods to flee, gathered a group of Trojan's and then travelled to Italy and became progenitors of the Roman people.

Probably struck in Africa during Caesar’s campaign against the remaining Pompeian's. The obverse depicts Venus, from whom Caesar claimed descent via Iulus, son of the Trojan prince Aeneas, who was the son of Anchises and Venus.
1 commentsJay GT4
Bruti.jpg
48 BC D. Junius Brutus Albinus118 viewsPIETAS
Head of Pietas right

ALBINVS BRVTI F
Clasped hands holding winged caduceus

3.1g

Rome
48 BC

Sear 427,

Decimus Junius Brutus was a distant relative of Marcus Brutus. He was known as one of Caesar's "most intamate associates" and a friend of Mark Antony. Albinus had served under Caesar in both the Gallic Wars and the Civil War. He participated in the siege of Massilia (Marseilles) that held out against Caesar for months. He also commanded a Caesarian fleet.

Plutarch considered Albinus "of no great courage," but Albinus was a faithful and loyal supporter of Caesar. He was to be Consul in 42 BC along with Lucius Plancus. While awaiting the consulship Albinus was to become Governor of Cisalpine Gaul when the post became available in the spring of 44BC

Albinus was approached by Cassius and Labeo to involve him in the conspiracy to murder Caesar. Albinus wanted to make sure Marcus Brutus was involved before agreeing to the plot. After meeting with Brutus he agreed. Both Brutus and Albinus received notification of a meeting of the Senate on March 15th and Albinus agreed to use an exhibition of his Gladiators after the meeting as protection in case things got out of hand after the murder had taken place. Caesar's retired legionaries were all around the city and none of the conspirators knew how they would react at Caesar's death.

At a dinner at the house of Marcus Lepidus on the night of March 14, 44BC Caesar was in attendence along with Decimus Brutus. Towards the end of the night Caesar's secretary approached for him to sign some letters. As he was signing Albinus posed a philosophical question to him: "What sort of death is best?" Caesar answered "A sudden one"

The next morning the Senate awaited Caesar to arrive. Caesr's wife Calpurnia and the auspeces warned Caesar not to attend the meeting. When Caesar delayed the conspirator's sent Albinus to Caesar's house. Albinus convinced Caesar to at least postpone the meeting in person. Antony was against this idea. Caesar was then murered by the conspirators in the Theater of Pompey in the Campus Martius, Albinus being a key player in the conspiracy.
3 commentsJay GT4
BRVTVS.jpg
54 BC M. Junius Brutus AR Denarius.319 viewsLIBERTAS
bust of Libertas right

BRVTVS in ex
Consul L Junius Brutus, between two lictors, preceeded by accensus, all walking left, .

Rome, 54 BC.

3.61g

Syd 906, Cr433/1, Junia 31.

Ex-Incitatus
14 commentsJay GT4
Plancia.jpg
55 BC Gn. Plancius150 viewsCN PLANCIVS AED CVR SC
Head of Macedonia right, wearing causia

Cretan goat standing right, bow and quiver behind
IIZ (old museum number?) in Ex.

Rome 55 BC
3.46g

Sear 396, RRC 432/1

Ex-Canadian Coin

Gnaeus Plancius was a friend of Cicero and strikes this coin as curule aedile. The type recalls his military service in Crete under the Proconsul Q. Metellus. He was also a military tribune under C. Antonius. He later returned to Macedonia as questor under the Propraetor L. Appuleius Saturninus. While serving as Questor in Thessalonia Plancius courageously took in Cicero as a guest in his official residence. Earlier that year (January or Early February of 58 BC.) Cicero was exiled from Italy and Rome because of the Tribune Clodius' legislation which confiscated Cicero's property and forced him to stay 400 miles out of the city of Rome. Clodius was eventually killed along the Appian Way by his rival Milo. Cicero took up the case for the defense of Milo unsuccessfully. In 54 BC Cicero defended Gn. Plancius in a court case (Pro Plancio) in which A. Laterensis accused Plancius of illegally organizing voting clubs (Colegia) to sway the elections and of bribery. Cicero was able to get Plancius acquitted and wrote his Pro Plancio which outlined his speeches and lines of questioning.
7 commentsJay GT4
Lepidus~0.jpg
62 BC L. Aemilius Lepidus Paullus97 viewsPAVLLVS LEPIDVS CONCORDIA

Veiled and diad. head of Concordia right

Rev. Togate figure of L. Aemilius Paullus standing left touching trophy to left of which stand King Perseus of Macedon and his two sons as captives
TER above, PAVLLVS in ex.

Rome 62 BC

Sear 366

3.80g

Holed in antiquity

Ex-Canada Coins


This moneyer was the elder brother of the triumvir M. Aemillius Lepidus
2 commentsJay GT4
Cassius.jpg
63 BC L. Cassius Longinus59 viewsVeiled and diad. head of Vesta left, two-handled cup behind, control letter "A" before

LONGIN III V
Togate citizen standing left depositing ballot inscribed V in voting box

Rome 63 BC
3.75 g

Sear 364, RRC 413/1, RSC Cassia 10

Ex Roberto Pedoni


On the obverse below the chin of Vesta is a control letter. The only letters employed on this issue are L, C, A, S, S (inverted) and I. If you collect enough coins of this moneyer, you can spell the moneyer's name in full: L. CASSI
4 commentsJay GT4
Diana.jpg
74 BC* C POSTVMIVS67 viewsDraped bust of Diana right, wearing hair tied into knot; bow and quiver over shoulder

Hunting dog running right, spear below
C. POSTVMI / TA in exergue

Rome 74 BC

3.15g

Sear 330
1 commentsJay GT4
SERVILLIA.jpg
82-80 BC C. Servilius Vatia Restoration 218 viewsLaureate head of Apollo right; lituus and B behind, mark of value below chin (XVI monogram)

Battle between two mounted horsemen, the one on the left armed with a sword, the other with spear, his shield inscribed M
C SERVEIL


Restored Issue 82-80 BC.
Original being of C. Servilius 127 BC

3.48g

Crawford 370/1b; Sydenham 720; Servilia 7
Scarce

ex-Canadian Coin

This is the Wildwinds example!

David Sear's Millennial addition comments:

"This type represents a remarkable revival of the issues of the monetary triumvirate which had held office approximately 45 years earlier though with the substitution of Apollo for the Roma head on the obverse. As well as being complimentary to several of Sulla's most prominent supporters Crawford suggests that their true purpose was to enable Sulla to issue a civil coinage without appointing a new triumvirate of moneyers for 82 BC or, alternatively, to celebrate the restoration of the Republic in 80."
5 commentsJay GT4
Q_Balbvs.jpg
82-83 BC* Q ANTONIUS BALBUS102 viewsLaureate head of Jupiter right; S•C behind

Victory in quadriga right; I below horses, Q ANTO BALB/PR in two lines in exergue.

Rome, 83 BC

3.99g

Crawford 364/1d; Sydenham 742b; Antonia 1. Sear 279

Lustrous Choice VF. Slight Flan flaw (weight reduction) on obverse in field.

ex-ANE

Anti Sullan Issue Struck by Order of the Senate SC.
Q. Antonius Balbus was a member of the Marian party, and in 82 BC was appointed praetor of Sardinia. Before leaving for Sardinia, this issue was struck by order of the Senate which was dominated by members of the Marian party to pay the army preparing to resist the return of Sulla. The reverse imagery reflects the expectations of Q. Antonius Balbus. Sulla was victorius in the battle of the Colline gate, and in 82 BC, Q. Antonius Balbus was removed from his position as praetor by L. Philippus and killed.

New photo of the very first denarius I bought.


5 commentsJay GT4
Sabin~0.jpg
89 BC Sabinus34 viewsSABIN, T/A as monogram
Bearded head of king Tatius right

L.TITVRI
Two Roman soldiers each carrying away a Sabinian woman

Rome 89 BC

3.71g

Ex-William McDonald collection

Crawford 344/1a: Sydenham 698; Tituria 1
1 commentsJay GT4
DSC00049.jpg
Ap Claudius Pulcher, T Manlius and Q Urbinius37 viewsHead of Roma right quadrangular device containing circle behind

Rev. Victory in triga right
AP CL T MAL Q VR
MAL and VR in monogram)

Sear 176, Crawford 299/1a.

Rome 11/110 BC

3.89g

This coin depicts the rare three horse chariot the triga. The only other example being on a serrated denarii of C. Naevius Balbus in the time of Sulla
2 commentsJay GT4
Brutus_Koson.jpg
Brutus Gold Stater 183 viewsRoman Consul Brutus in center accompanied by two lictors
KOΣΩN in ex. BR monogram on left.

Eagle standing left on scepter, wings open raising wreath in left claw.

Eastern mint, Dacia? 43-42 B.C.

8.38g

Choice aUNC

RPC I 1701; BMC Thrace p. 208, 1; BMCRR II 48; Crawford 433/1

Ex-ANE, Ex CNG

Clickable for larger image

For an excellent write up/ theory on these coins including a fascinating metalurgy report:
http://www.calgarycoin.com/reference/articles/koson/koson.htm

And of course the numiswiki article:
http://www.forumancientcoins.com/numiswiki/view.asp?key=Koson
15 commentsJay GT4
Cato~0.jpg
C. Porcius Cato42 viewsHelmeted head of Roma right X behind

Victory in biga right
C CATO below ROMA in Ex.

Rome, 123 BC

3.88g

Sear 149, Crawford 274/1, Sydenham 417
2 commentsJay GT4
Caesar_elephant.jpg
Caesar elephant denarius77 viewsCAESAR in exergue, elephant advancing right, trampling horned serpent.

Pontifical implements: simpulum, sprinkler, axe and priest's hat.

49-48 BC. Military mint traveling with Caesar.

3.87g

Crawford 443/1; HCRI 9; Sydenham 1006; RSC 49.

Wonderfully struck but was probably bent and straightened at some point

Ex-RCNA coin show; Ex: Charles Euston

Sold Forum Auction Oct 2018
6 commentsJay GT4
Jan.jpg
Fonteius denarius 78 views
Beardless laureate Janiform head of the Dioscuri XVI monogram below right chin, control letter R below left chin

C FONT (NT in monogram)
galley left ROMA below

Rome 114-113 BC



Sear 167, RRC 290/1

3.88g

Ex-Calgary Coin

This type honors the naval exploits of Publius Fonteius Capito, who was praetor in Sardinia in 169 BC. The obverse relates to the origin of the Fonteia gens, which claimed as its founder Fontus, the son of Janus, in whose honor the Fontinalia was held on October 13.
7 commentsJay GT4
cnmag.jpg
Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus 107 viewsCN MAG

Lead sling shot reportedly from the battle of Munda.

Found in Estepa, Spain
74.19g

49x28mm


The Battle of Munda took place on March 17, 45 BC in the plains of Munda, which is in modern southern Spain. This was the last great battle of Julius Caesar's civil war against the republican armies. After this victory, and the deaths of Titus Labienus and Gnaeus Pompeius (Pompey's oldest son), Caesar was free to return to Rome and govern as dictator. Tens of thousands of Romans died at Munda. About one month after defeat, Gnaeus was captured and executed. His brother Sextus survived to initiate another rebellion, on Sicily, where he was finally defeated by Marcus Agrippa and executed in Asia in 35 BC by Mark Antony, ten years after Munda.

Eitan Hirsch, a ballistics expert with the Israeli Defense Forces calculated that an expert slinger could hit a target from 35 meters away. According to his calculations a projectile could be hurled at a velocity of 34 meters per second. Equivalent to a modern day handgun.
4 commentsJay GT4
Juba_II~0.jpg
Juba I of Numidia denarius55 viewsREX IVBA
Diademed and draped bust right, sceptre over shoulder

Neo-punic inscription, octastyle temple

Utica, Mauretania
60-46 BC

3.34g
Mazard 85

Double stuck

New Photo
3 commentsJay GT4
AlbinusBrutus.jpg
Junius Brutus Albinus37 viewsHead of Pietas right

ALBINVS BRVTI F
Clasped hands holding winged caduceus

3.1g

Rome
48 BC

Sear 427; Crawford 450/2; Sydenham 942; RBW 1577

Decimus Junius Brutus was a distant relative of Marcus Brutus. He was known as one of Caesar's "most intamate associates" and a friend of Mark Antony. Albinus had served under Caesar in both the Gallic Wars and the Civil War. He participated in the siege of Massilia (Marseilles) that held out against Caesar for months. He also commanded a Caesarian fleet.

Plutarch considered Albinus "of no great courage," but Albinus was a faithful and loyal supporter of Caesar. He was to be Consul in 42 BC along with Lucius Plancus. While awaiting the consulship Albinus was to become Governor of Cisalpine Gaul when the post became available in the spring of 44BC

Albinus was approached by Cassius and Labeo to involve him in the conspiracy to murder Caesar. Albinus wanted to make sure Marcus Brutus was involved before agreeing to the plot. After meeting with Brutus he agreed. Both Brutus and Albinus received notification of a meeting of the Senate on March 15th and Albinus agreed to use an exhibition of his Gladiators after the meeting as protection in case things got out of hand after the murder had taken place. Caesar's retired legionaries were all around the city and none of the conspirators knew how they would react at Caesar's death.

At a dinner at the house of Marcus Lepidus on the night of March 14, 44BC Caesar was in attendence along with Decimus Brutus. Towards the end of the night Caesar's secretary approached for him to sign some letters. As he was signing Albinus posed a philosophical question to him: "What sort of death is best?" Caesar answered "A sudden one"

The next morning the Senate awaited Caesar to arrive. Caesr's wife Calpurnia and the auspeces warned Caesar not to attend the meeting. When Caesar delayed the conspirator's sent Albinus to Caesar's house. Albinus convinced Caesar to at least postpone the meeting in person. Antony was against this idea. Caesar was then murered by the conspirators in the Theater of Pompey in the Campus Martius, Albinus being a key player in the conspiracy.
2 commentsJay GT4
Thorius_Balbus.jpg
L. Thorius Balbus32 viewsHead of Juno Sospita right clad in goat skin
ISMR behind

Rev.
Bull charging right H above THORIVS below
BALBVS in ex

Rome 105 BC
3.76g

Sear 191; Craw., 316/1; Bab., 1; Syd., 598

ex-Calgary coins

C. Thorius Balbus was Born a native of Lanuvium. Cicero describes him as a man who lived in such a manner that there was not a single pleasure, however refined or rate, that he did not enjoy. He is possibly the son of M. Aclius Balbus (168 B.C.) A coin was minted in honor of L. Thorius Balbus. On the front is the head of Juno Sospita, a god whose worship was of great antiquity in Lanuvium, and the letters I.S.M.R. On the reverse is L.THORIVS BALBVS with a bull rushing forward.
1 commentsJay GT4
Sabin.jpg
L. Titurius L.f. Sabinus147 viewsSABIN
Bare head of King Tatius right, bearded. Palm branch before

L TITVRI
Tarpeia facing, buried to her waist in shields, trying to ward off two soldiers who are about to cast their shields on her, star within crescent moon above

Rome, 89 BC

3.84g

Sear 251, RRC 344/2a

Ex-ANE from an old collection

Jet black toning.

One of the great legends of Rome commemorated on a coin. It tells the story of Rome being besieged by the Sabine king Titus Tatius after the "Rape" of the Sabine women. Tarpeia, daughter of the Roman commander Spurius Tarpeius, went out to the Sabine camp and offered them entry to the city in exchange for "what they bore on their left arms". She had meant their gold bracelets worn on their arms. Once inside the citadel the Sabines threw their shields—carried on the left arm—upon her, crushing her to death. Her body was then thrown from a steep cliff of the southern summit of the Capitoline Hill. The cliff was named the Tarpeian Rock after Tarpeia and would become the place of execution for Rome's most notorious traitors. King Tatius and Romulus soon were reconciled through the efforts of the abducted Sabine women who had come to love their Roman abductors. They jointly ruled over Rome for the next 5 years until Tatius death.
9 commentsJay GT4
Marcus_Lepidus.jpg
Marcus Lepidus Imperator128 viewsLaureate head of Roma (?) right

M LEPIDVS
Below equestrian statue of M. Aemelius Lepidus (consul 187 and 175 BC) right, carrying trophy

Rome, 61 BC

3.79g

Rare!

Sear 371, RPC 419/1, CRR 827-828b

Freed from a NGC Holder, graded strike 4/5; surface 4/5.

Marcus Lepidus strikes this coin early in his career as moneyer. After Julius Caesar's assassination he became Pontifex Maximus and formed the Second Triumvirate with Antony and Octavian. He would keep his post as Pontifex Maximus until his death. The office then became the sole procession of the Emperors.
7 commentsJay GT4
Nutella_Caesar.jpg
Nutella Julius Caesar338 viewsNUTELLA CESAR 1995 Coscinny Uderzo in Exergue
Laureate draped bust of Caesar

CAESAR DICT PERPETVO
Laureate head right

5.57g
Uncertain Italian mint

Found in a jar of Nutella!
:)
5 commentsJay GT4
Blasio.jpg
P. Cornelius P.f. Blasio 51 viewsLaureate head of Janus; above I

P BLAS above, ROMA in exergue
Prow of galley right; before I

Rome, 169-158 BC

33mm, 29.27g

Crawford 189/1; Sydenham 370; BMCRR 788

A duplicate from the RBW collection of Roman Republican Coins;
Ex-Peus 330 (April 26, 1991) lot 644;
Ex-DM collection;
Ex-Calgary coin
3 commentsJay GT4
     
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