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London - Maximian Herculius


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The CT numbering in these albums comes from the excellent book by Hubert Cloke and Lee Toone, "The London Mint of Constantius and Constantine," which provides a much needed overhaul of the sections on the London mint in RIC volumes VI and VII.
An online addenda to the book can be found at www.hookmoor.com/home/?page_id=690

13 files, last one added on Mar 20, 2019

London - Galerius (Gaius Galerius Valerius Maximianus)


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Galerius was a distinguished soldier who became Caesar in 293. He married Diocletian's daughter (Galeria Valeria). When Diocletian retired in 305, Galerius was elevated to the rank of Augustus, with Maximinus Daia his Caesar. He was responsible for halting the persecution of Christians in April 311, and shortly afterwards he died of a horrible disease (possibly some form of bowel cancer of infected wound).

6 files, last one added on May 05, 2019

London - Diocletian (Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus)


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7 files, last one added on Dec 03, 2018

London - Severus (Flavius Valerius Severus)


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When Diocletian and Maximian Herculius retired on 1st May 305, Constantius and Galerius were elevated to the level of Augustus. At the same time two new Caesars were appointed by Diocletian to keep the pattern of the Tetrachy. Severus became Caesar to Constantius and Maximinus became Caesar to Galerius. When Constantius died on 25th July 306, Severus became Augustus, although Constantine was also proclaimed as Augustus by Constantius' troops. Maximian's son and Galerius's son in law, Maxentius, was not happy that he had not been elevated to the rank of Caesar. He took over Italy and was joined by his father when Severus, the new Augustus, sought to take it back. Many of Severus' army had fought in the past for Maximian and abandoned their new leader, once he started besieging Rome leading to his capture. Severus was executed, perhaps shortly after his capture or when Galerius invaded Italy in September 307.

3 files, last one added on Oct 15, 2018

London - Constantius


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7 files, last one added on May 05, 2019

London - Maximinus


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6 files, last one added on Dec 19, 2017

London - Constantine (Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus)


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110 files, last one added on Jul 02, 2019

London - Licinius


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Licinius was a childhood friend of Galerius, and was sent by him to deal with Maxentius after the death of Severus in 307. When he returned to the east, Galerius elevated Licinius to the rank of Augustus for the west of the empire in 308. After Galerius died in 311, Licinius entered into an agreement with Maximinus Daza to share the eastern provinces between them. Maximinus formed an alliance with Maxentius, which forced Licinius to make an agreement with the other emperor, Constantine, and in 313 he married Constantineís half-sister, Flavia Julia Constantia.
Licinius defeated Maximinus at Tzirallum in 313 and Constantine defeated Maxentius in 312, so they were able to divide the empire between them. Between 313 and 316 Constantine and Licinius clashed on a couple of occasions, but things settled down until Constantine invaded part of the eastern empire, first to attack the Sarmatians and then to attack the Goths who were attacking Thrace.
When Licinius complained that Constantine had broken the treaty between them, Constantine went on the offensive. He defeated Licinius at the Battle of Adrianople and he made his last stand at the Battle of Chrysopolis in 324. Liciniusí life was spared due to the pleas of his wife, but the following year Constantine had him hanged.

17 files, last one added on Oct 15, 2018

London - Constantine II (Flavius Claudius Constantinus)


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Constantine was born in 316 in Arles and on 1st March 317 he was given the title Caesar. So the first London coins on which he appears were issued when he was just one year old! At the age of 7 he took part in his father's campaign against the Sarmatians.

He became joint emperor with his brothers Constans and Constantius II when Constantine died in 337. He argued with Constans over the ownership of territory and was killed in an ambush by Constans' troops outside Aquelia in 340.

22 files, last one added on Apr 09, 2018

London - Crispus


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25 files, last one added on Jun 25, 2019

London - Helena


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2 files, last one added on Dec 31, 2017

London - Constantius II


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Flavius Julius Constantius was born in August 317, the second son of Constantine and Fausta. He was given the title Caesar in 324 and was elevated to Augustus on the death of Constantine in 337, along with his brothers Constantine II and Constans. After the death of Constantine II (340) and Constans (350), he was sole ruler of the Roman Empire until his death in 361.

3 files, last one added on Dec 31, 2017

Carausius


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1 files, last one added on Aug 12, 2019

 

13 albums on 1 page(s)

Last additions - Noviomagus's Gallery
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Carausius pax 14 viewsCarausius
Obv - IMP CARAVSIVS PF AVG
Radiate, cuirassed bust l, holding spear and shield.
Rev - PAX AVG
Pax, standing left, holding olive branch and sceptre
F | O
ML in exergue
Billon
RIC Vb 103

NoviomagusAug 12, 2019
constantine_left_comiti.png
07.03.0117 viewsConstantine
Obv CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
(L.laur.trabeate)
Rev COMITI AVGGNN
(Sol holding whip in right hand, globe in left)
| *
PLN in ex
London
RIC VI 159 (cor) CT 7.03.011 (R)
NoviomagusJul 02, 2019
crispus_virtus_helmeted.png
9.02.008.59 viewsCrispus
Obv CRISPVS NOB CAES
(L, helmeted, draped and cuir, seen from behind)
Rev VIRTVS EXERCIT
(Standard on ground, captives on either side)
PLN in ex
London
Not in RIC CT 9.02.008.5 (RRR)
3.2g
ex Victors Imperial Coins
NoviomagusJun 25, 2019
maximianus_lugdunum.png
Galerius RIC VI 17b7 viewsGalerius Maximian
Obv C VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB C
(R. laur)
Rev GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
(Genius stg l holding patera and cornucopiae)
No mint mark
RIC VI 17b
Lugdunum
(These coins were probably minted by Constantius to equip himself with sufficient folles to serve the needs of his forces during the invasion of Britannia in AD 296 - RIC Volume VI page 231.)
NoviomagusMay 05, 2019
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Constantius 1.01.0089 viewsConstantius
Obv FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
(R. laur cuir)
Rev GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
(Genius standing l holding patera and cornucopiae)
LON
London
RIC VI 4a CT 1.01.008 (R)
9.4g
(Ex Silbury Coins)
These early coins from the London mint are stylistically similar to coins minted in France at the time, and suggest that engravers came over with Constantius when Britannia was invaded in 296.
NoviomagusMay 05, 2019
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1.01.00611 viewsMaximian Herculius
Obv IMP MAXIMINANVS PIVS AVG
(R. laur)
Rev GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
(Genius standing l, holding patera and cornucopiae)
LON in ex
London
RIC VI 3 CT 1.01.006 (R)
c. 296 AD
(ex Antonio Pareja)
(Three other examples are listed in CT)
These early coins from the London mint are stylistically similar to coins minted in France at the time, and suggest that an engraver(s) came over with Constantius when Britannia was invaded in 296.
NoviomagusMar 20, 2019
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Constantine 07.07.3212 viewsConstantine
Obv CONSTANTINVS AVG
(L.laur.draped.cuir.spear forward, shield on left arm)
Rev PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS
(Prince , right hand holding globe, left reversed spear)
| *
PLN in ex
London
Not in RIC CT 7.07.032 (RR)
All 3 recorded examples are from the same obverse die.


NoviomagusDec 15, 2018
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Diocletian 1.03.00412 viewsDiocletian
Obv IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG
(R. laur trabeate)
Rev GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
(Genius standing l holding patera and cornucopiae)
No mintmark
London
Not in RIC CT 1.03.004 (R)
10.99g
(ex CGB)
(This coin looks as if it is the work of an engraver that previously produced coins for Allectus, as it is different in style to the continental style of coins. These early folles come with cuirassed, draped or trabeate busts. This one appears to be the latter.)
NoviomagusDec 03, 2018
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Constantine 8.08.0297 viewsConstantine
Obv CONSTANTINVS AVG
(R .laur, cuir)
Rev SOLI INVICTO COMITI
(Sol raising right hand, holding up globe with left, spread chlamys)
T |F
PLN in ex
London
Not in RIC CT 8.08.029 (RR)
(All coins of Constantine with a T F bronze mark and spread chlamys are rare. RIC VII 100 has a CONSTANTINVS AVG legend and a draped cuirassed bust. Although the obverse of this coin is worn, it is clear enough to be identified as a cuirassed bust, which is not in RIC)
NoviomagusOct 15, 2018
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Constantine 5.04.0126 viewsConstantine
Obv IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
(R.laur.cuir)
Rev PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS
(Prince holding a standard in each hand)
PLN in ex
London
RIC VI 112 CT 5.04.012 (R)
NoviomagusOct 15, 2018
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Licinius 8.02.005a7 viewsLicinius
Obv IMP LICINIVS P F AVG
(R. laur. cuir)
Rev GENIO POP ROM
(Genius stg l holding patera and cornucopiae)
| F
PLN in ex
London
RIC VII 3 CT 8.02.005 (var)
This coin is a very common type. However, a footnote in CT adds, "Lord Stewartby has a variety of this type with the S of the mintmark omitted." This is another example.
NoviomagusOct 15, 2018
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severus 4.02.0148 viewsObv SEVERUS NOBILISSIMVS CAESAR
(R. laur. dr. cuir)
Rev GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
(Genius stg l holding patera and cornucopiae)
No mint mark
London
RIC VI 58a CT 4.02.014 (S)
c. 305 - 306 AD
(ex Antony Laverack)
(The length of the obverse legend explains why it was quickly shortened to NOBILISSIMVS CAES and NOBILIS C.)
NoviomagusOct 15, 2018
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Constantine 6.03.00127 viewsConstantine
Obv CONSTANTINVS PF AVG
(R.laur.cuir)
Rev COMITI AAVVGG
(Sol holding whip in right hand, globe in left)
* | *
T | F
PLN in ex
London
RIC VI 128 CT 6.03.001 (RR)
4.1g
(Chitry Hoard 112)
ex CGB
All issues with the T*/F* bronze mark are very rare.
(The 2017 Revue Numismatique (pages 249 - 261) contains an article about these T*/F* or SOTF (Stars over TF) coins. It lists 29 known examples and 6 have a COMITI AAVVGG reverse. 5 are of Constantine, and one example is of Licinius. The other reverses represented by this bronze mark are GENIO POP ROM (16 known examples), MARTI CONSERVATORI (3 known examples) and SOLI INVICTO COMITI (3 known examples).)
NoviomagusJul 18, 2018
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Constantine 9.02.01210 viewsConstantine
Obv CONSTANTINVS AVG
(R, helmeted, cuir)
Rev VIRTVS EXERCIT
(Standard on ground, captives on either side)
PLON in ex
London
RIC VII 185 CT 9.02.012 (C)
3.1g
NoviomagusJul 08, 2018
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Constantine 9.02.00111 viewsConstantine
Obv CONSTANTINVS AVG
(R, helmeted, cuir)
Rev VIRTVS EXERCIT
(Standard on ground, captives on either side)
PLN in ex
London
RIC VII 191 CT 9.02.001 (C)
2.8g
NoviomagusJul 08, 2018
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Constantine 9.01.00710 viewsConstantine
Obv IMP CONSTANTINVS MAX AG
(R. laur, helmet, cuir)
Rev VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP
(Two victories standing facing one another, together holding vota shield, inscribed VOT/PR in two lines, resting on an altar inscribed with a lozenge)
PLN in ex
London
Not in RIC CT 9.01.007 (R)
2.9g
NoviomagusJul 08, 2018

Random files - Noviomagus's Gallery
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Maximinus 7.05.01110 viewsMaximinus Daia
Obv IMP MAXIMINVS PF AVG
(R. laur. cuir)
Rev GENIO POP ROM
(Genius stg l. holding patera and cornucopiae)
| *
PLN in ex
London
RIC VI 209b CT 7.05.011 (CC)
4.1g
Noviomagus
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Constantine 7.07.003 (var)10 viewsConstantine
Obv CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
(R.laur.cuir)
Rev PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS
(Prince , right hand holding globe, left reversed spear, additional drapery similar to a spread chlamys)
| *
PLN in ex
London
RIC VI 222 (var) CT 7.07.003 (var)
4.5g
(This reverse variety is referred to in the footnote to 7.07.003, and is similar to CT 7.07.014 and 7.07.016. This is a rare variety of a common type, but other examples are known, for example one is listed on Wildwinds.)
Noviomagus
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Constantine 9.04.00910 viewsConstantine
Obv CONSTANTINVS AVG
(R, helmeted, cuir)
Rev BEATA TRANQVILLITAS
(Globe on altar, above three stars)
P | A
PLON in ex
London
RIC VII 203 CT 9.04.009 (R)
3.0g
Noviomagus
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Constantine 7.08.00611 viewsConstantine
Obv CONSTANTINVS P AVG (R.laur.cuir)
Rev SOLI INVICTO COMITI
(Sol raising right hand, holding up globe with left, spread chlamys)
|*
PLN
RIC VI 237 CT 7.08.006 (R)
London
4.3g

Noviomagus