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Roman Republic -- Struck


Roman Republic struck coins, with some nice denarii and a smattering of decent bronze.
A work in progress, both as a collection and a gallery.
If you seek gold, you are in the wrong place!
Sorting by title should be Crawford order.
Cast coinage in upcoming album.
Comments appreciated.

205 files, last one added on Oct 13, 2019


1 albums on 1 page(s)

Last additions - PMah's Gallery
Cr 50/3 As Anonymous [Anchor]6 views209-208 b.c.e. Rome mint
Laureate head of Janus; I (value) above
Prow right; I (value) above, anchor before, ROMA below
32.66 gm 34 mm
This issue is associated with a 60-As gold piece. A nice specimen with a pronounced eye and oar-box on the prow.
1 commentsPMahOct 13, 2019
Cr 162/6a Ӕ Quadrans MAT[ienus]1 views179-170 b.c.e. Rome mint
Head of Hercules right, three pellets behind
Prow right; MAT ligate above, three pellets before, ROMA below
7.20 gm 21mm

The MAT issue runs Victoriatus, Denarius, and bronze As through Sextans. The smaller bronze fractions are not seen every day. This specimen also nicely shows the clipping/snapping point on the rim where the flans were broken from a sprue or strip of multiple pieces.
PMahOct 13, 2019
Cr 197-198B/1b As Anonymous1 viewsc. 157-156 b.c.e.
Laureate head of Janus, I [value] above
Prow right; I [value] before, ROMA below
16.03 gm 30mm
McCabe Group K3 (note cartoonish prowstem and peaked deck structure)
The Crawford numbering of these issues are a bit difficult to follow, and McCabe makes associations that are clearer once one can see a number of specimens of each Group.
PMahOct 13, 2019
Cr 249/3 Quadrans P. Maenius M.f. [Antiaticus?]0 views 132 b.c.e. Rome mint
Head of Hercules right, wearing lion skin headdress; three pellets behind
Prow right; PMAEANTMF (ligate) above, three pellets before, ROMA below
7.95gm 20mm

The exact cognomen of the moneyer is not universally agreed.
PMahOct 13, 2019
Cr 263/3b Semis M. Caecilius Q. f. Q. n. Metellus 0 views127 b.c.e Rome mint
Laureate head of Saturn right; S behind
Prow right; Macedonian shield above, S before, ROMA below
9.17 gm 23mm
The Caecili Metelli were quite proud of the victory over Macedonia of their forebearer, Macedonius. The shield is found on all the types in this issue, and, on this Semis and a related Quadrans, the name is dispensed with, although some specimens of both retain the name crammed on the reverse.
PMahOct 13, 2019
Cr 387/1 AR Denarius L. Rutilius Flaccus0 viewsRome mint, circa 77 b.c.e.
FLAC Helmeted head of Roma r.
Victory in fast-moving biga r., holding reins and wreath; in ex, LRVTILI
Rutilia 1

A decent strike suffering from a crowded reverse. Speaking of the reverse, this moneyer, who was a bit of a non-entity, used a generic reverse during a period when his predecessors and successors came up with unique design concepts (or, at least, had good decorators). Compare Crawford 370 through 400 types to this one, and most win, hands-down. Perhaps I am influenced by negative association in American English of the word "Flack" to connote a shameless publicity agent, and any other association is even less of an endorsement.
PMahOct 12, 2019
Cr 340/1 AR Denarius L. Piso Frugi1 views90 b.c.e. Rome Mint
Laureate head of Apollo r.; behind, control numeral V XXXXI
Horseman galloping r., holding palm branch; below, L PISO FRVGI / ROMA in monogram; above, control numeral CXVII
18mm 3.96 gm
Calpurnia 12
It is difficult to get overly-excited about this type, or its quinarius, with the nearly unlimited combinations of control numerals. (I may be mis-reading the obverse control number as having a prefix "V", but perhaps not. I need to research the combinations a bit.)
PMahOct 12, 2019
Cr 302/1 AR Denarius L. Flaminius Cilo0 views109 or 108 b.c.e., Rome mint
Helmeted head of Roma r.; behind, ROMA and below chin, X
Victory in prancing biga r.; below horses, LFLAMINI, CILO in ex.
Flaminia 1

A large issue without associated bronze.
The reverse engraving suffered from the large production, as Victory, on this specimen, drives extremely tiny-headed horses.
PMahOct 12, 2019
Cr 174/1 As Caecilius0 views c. 169-158 b.c.e. Rome mint likely moneyer: A. Caecilius A.f.
Laureate head of Janus; above, I [value]
[A] CAE above, R[OMA] below, prow of galley right; before, I [value]
33 mm 29.35 gm

Ex RBW Collection, from Christie's (17 October 1984), lot 21 (part)

This issue has not been securely dated, and some view the time frame for these issues to be earlier and longer. For this 10-20 year period, only the bronze coins use a ligated, short-form of about 20 moneyers' names, which do not have associated named denarii.
This coin is no beauty, but it is clear enough and quite weighty, with a fine provenance that shows even great collectors had to grab the right coins when available. In this issue, the As is easy to find but the fractions are not.
PMahOct 12, 2019
Cr 39/4 Uncia Anonymous3 viewsc. 217-215 B.C.E. Rome

Radiate and draped facing bust of Sol; (value) to left
Crescent; two stars and (value) above; ROMA below
24mm 12.47 gm

ex. McCabe; ex RBW

This large "unit" of the semilibral standard, comes from the series sometimes also described as "collateral". Crawford identified only struck bronzes from Triens to Semuncia for this issue. There are no clearly-associated cast bronze larger denominations, with the nearest-dated such cast types having more directly-related struck smaller denominations.
Yet, this series demonstrates the last great gasp of creativity in Republican bronze, no Prows in sight and without standardized presentations of the soon-to-be-rigid obverse gods.
Although not rare, these interesting types do not show up in every sale. This specimen has a bit of roughness but also a wonderful strike.
PMahOct 12, 2019
Cr 65/6 Sextans [AVR] C. Aurunculeius2 views209 B.C.E. Sextans Sardinia mint.
Head of Mercury right, wearing winged petasos; (value) above
Prow of galley right; ROMA above, AVR ligate vertical before, (value) below
18mm 3.12 gm
C. Aurunculeius was Praetor for Sardinia in 209 b.c.e., and, along with issues by his immediate predecessors L. Cornelius (211) and P. Manlius Vulso (210), his issue helps to date the introduction of the Denarius, despite no identified denarii in any of the three issues, but including identifiable quinarii (which would be meaningless without the Denarius.)
Not a beautiful specimen, but well-centered and complete, and an overall rare-ish coin.
PMahOct 12, 2019
Cr 64/6a Sextans [MA series] P. Manlius Vulso ?2 views210 B.C.E. Sardinia
Head of Mercury right, wearing winged petasus; (value) above
Prow of galley right; MA ligate and vertical to right, (value) below
18 mm 3.88 gms
Another series not directly associated with a denarius, running Quinarius to Sextans.
As with the other Sardinian issues, this issue helps to date the denarius, as Manlius Vulso was Praetor for Sardinia in 210.
This specimen is a but rough but overall has a fine strike and centering. The issue is somewhat rare.
PMahOct 12, 2019
Cr 69/6a Sextans [Corn-ear/KA series]1 viewsc. 211-208 B.C.E. Sicily
Draped bust of Mercury right, wearing winged petasus; (value) above
Prow of galley right; grain ear above, ligate KA to right, [ROMA] below
18.5 mm 5.86 gm
PMahOct 12, 2019
Cr 63/6 Sextans Anonymous [C Series]3 views211 BCE Sardinia

Head of Mercury right, wearing winged petasos; (mark of value) above
Prow of galley right; C to right, ROMA above, (mark of value) below.
19mm 4.64 gm

This series is associated only from Quinarius to Sextans by Crawford, likely issued by L. Cornelius Lentulus, and critical for the now-accepted dating of the start of the denarius, as Lentulus was Praetor in Sardinia in 211.
The sextans is the most common denomination of the series, which is probably why I have one...
PMahOct 12, 2019
Cr 285/1 AR Denarius Cn Domitius Ahenobarbus2 viewsRome mint, 116 or 115 BCE
Helmeted head of Roma r.; behind, X and before, ROMA
Jupiter in prancing quadriga r., holding sceptre and hurling thunderbolt; in exergue, CN DOMI
(Crawford sees sceptre as a laurel-branch.)
20mm 3.78 gm
Domitia 7
There's an interesting numismatic puzzle of the association of this type with a closely-related type of different moneyers, but I do not fully understand it and will skip for now.
I posted this specimen for the awful execution of the reverse, where the engraver competently depicted the horses' heads and tack, but then apparently realized that nearly 2/3 of the die face remained, and, so, panicking, filled in the field with horse-legs with a bizarre variety of joints and proportions -- the Ministry of Silly Horse Walks, 2nd Century BCE.
PMahOct 10, 2019
Cr 405/2 AR Denarius M. Plaetorius Cestianus6 viewsM. Plaetorius M. f. Cestianus
Rome mint c. 69 BCE
Draped female bust r. (Fortuna?); behind, [control symbol]
M PLAETORI CEST SC around half-length boy? girl? facing on tablet inscribed SORS.
20mm, 3.49 gm
Plaetoria 10

A fascinating type among this varied issue with four main types of denarii. There are multiple theories as to the unique figure on the reverse, clearly a reference to divination by lots "SORS", but no agreement as to exactly what it signifies. Even on nicely preserved specimens, of which there are not many, the gender of the reverse figure is difficult to say. Crawford cites reason to think it refers to the origin of the moneyer's adoptive gens, expanded greatly by Michael Harlan. To me, given that the moneyership is an electoral stepping-stone, it seems a rather obscure reference; although the "S C" indicates a special issue perhaps unconnected with regular duties. Crawford notes that Cestianus became Praetor c. 64 BCE, so perhaps he was right to trust in luck.
This type is deemed rare and this specimen's condition is not unusual for the type.
1 commentsPMahOct 10, 2019

Random files - PMah's Gallery
Cr 56/3 AE Semis Anonymous 10 viewsc. 211 BCE 25.7 mm, 12.54 grams.
o: Saturn head laureate r
r: Prow r, ROMA below, S above
Crawford 56/3.
Ex. RBW collection
Coin nicer than this photo, but I am trying to round out the Cr. 56 types.
Cr 191/a As Anonymous VAL 8 viewsValerius (?).c. 169-158 BCE
o: Laureate head of Janus; above, I
r: Prow right; above, VAL ligate; before, I; below, ROMA.
Cr. 191/1. Valeria 1. (34.78g 34.00mm)
Earthen dark green patina -- photos not great
Overweight for type?
Cr 334/1 AR Denarius L. Pomponius Molo 23 viewsL. Pomponius Molo, 97 BCEDenarius (20 mm, 3.81 g, 6 h), Rome.
L.POMPON.MOLO Laureate head of Apollo to right.
NVMA POMPIL Numa standing before altar, sacrificing. Babelon (Pomponia) 6. Crawford 334/1. Sydenham 607.
1 commentsPMah
Cr 282/5 AR Denarius7 views118 b.c.e. 20 mm, 3.86 gm
o: L PORCI LICI, head of Roma right, wearing winged helmet; * mark behind
r: L LIC CN DOM in exergue, Gallic warrior (Bituitus?), hurling spear and holding shield and carnyx, driving biga right.
Sydenham 520; Porcia 8
The reverse centering on this coin is not ideal, but the obverse is nicely centered and the serration is perhaps showing natural wear. (I am not certain.) The reverse strike is good.