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Roman Republic Era before 27 BC


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The Roman Republic was the end of the Roman Kingdom in 509 BC and the dawn of a rising ancient civilization that evolved and changed until the transition to the Roman Empire in 27 BC. Coins come in gold, silver and bronze, although many of them have very similar designs first anonymous and then issued by moneyers. Coins in this gallery will include both Roman Republic and Roman Imperatorial coins.

3 files, last one added on Apr 11, 2017

The 12 Caesars Era 27 BC - 96 AD


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The end of the Roman Republic, as well as the end of the Roman Imperatorial era comes the first 12 Caesars of the Roman Empire. Starting with Julius Caesar, Augustus (Octavian) and then the last, Domitian. For numismatists, coins of the 12 Caesars are some of the most sought after.

19 files, last one added on Apr 27, 2018

Adoptive Emperors Era 96-192 AD


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Although it was a common practice to adopt a successor to the throne, this period was known as the Adoptive Emperors era. Also known as the Nerva-Antonine dynasty. Many coins during this period are highly sought after by numismatists.

21 files, last one added on Apr 27, 2018

Severan Dynasty Era 193-235 AD


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The Severan Dynasty was started by Septimius Severus, who was the victor of a large scale civil war in 193 AD. The year is known as the "Year of the Five Emperors". The end of this dynasty was said to be the many unstable relationships between family members as well as political turmoil. The end of this dynasty was also the end of the principate founded by Augustus. Bronze coins are somewhat uncommon during this era, but silver denarius coins were very plentiful. Many specialist collectors look for eastern mint Septimius Severus coins for mangled legends and other oddities.

16 files, last one added on Sep 11, 2018

Crisis and Decline Era 235-258 AD


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The crisis began with the assassination of the Emperor, Alexander Severus. The next approximate 50 years would bring 20-25 claimants to the throne as well as invasion, civil war, plague and economic depression which nearly destroyed the Roman Empire. Many coins of this period are very rare to the common ones which can also be very crude in manufacture.

32 files, last one added on Apr 27, 2018

Secessionist Empires Era 258-274 AD


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By approximately 258, the Roman Empire split into several smaller states known as The Gallic Empire, Palmyrene Empire and the central Italian Roman Empire. Many coins of this era are rare, to the very common which can be crude in manufacture.

8 files, last one added on Apr 27, 2018

Recovery of the Empire Era 268-285 AD


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The recovery began once Claudius II was appointed by Gallienus, the first in a series of many strong emperors to come. After achieving victory against a massive Gothic army, he earned the name "Gothicus" as well as "Germanicus Maximus" after a victory against Germanic tribes. Unfortunately, the Plague of Cyprian claimed his life. His successor Aurelian would conqueror the remaining states and unify the Roman Empire by 274 AD. Bronze coins of this era start to improve in quality.

16 files, last one added on Jul 16, 2016

The Tetrarchy Era 285-313 AD


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Originally began as a diarchy, Maximian as co-emperor in the west, Diocletian as co-emperor in the east. Both co-emperors decided two Caesars were needed to address both civic and military problems. Galerius and Constantius Chlorus were appointed to the position, thus the first Tetrarchy was achieved. The second Tetrarchy came into existence after Diocletian and Maximian retired in 305. Two new Caesars Severus II and Maximinus were appointed, as well as Maxentius being declared as a usurper, and Licinius being appointed as Augustus in the west. Long story short, the Tetrarchy failed, leaving Constantine I the eventual victor and sole Augustus of the Roman Empire by 324. Coins are no longer artistic as they once were, although they were well made and a system of mint marks came to see the quality high in most respects.

17 files, last one added on Jul 18, 2018

Constantinian Dynasty Era 305-363 AD


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The Constantinian Dynasty named after Constantine I the Great, also termed for the entire ruling family from Constantius I Chlorus to the death of Julian II - The Apostate. Most of the coins carry on in the tradition from the Tetrarchy period, being of high quality as the mint mark system continues. A great deal of coins will be found from this period.

45 files, last one added on Oct 15, 2018

The Late Empire - West - 364-476 AD


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The late Roman Empire begins to decline after the Constantinian Dynasty comes to an end. After Jovian's death, the Valentinian dynasty comes into power as well as the Theodosian Dynasty. The empire officially became divided in 395 when Theodosius I passed away of edema. His son Honorius assumed the throne of the western half. The western half of the empire was never re-united with it's eastern half and then declined until the western Roman Empire was no more in 476 AD. Coins of this era steadily decline in size and quality until they are nothing more than small crude chunks of metal issued by emperors such as Valentinian III.

25 files, last one added on Sep 11, 2018

The Late Empire - East - 383-491 AD


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The empire officially became divided in 395 when Theodosius I passed away of edema. His son Arcadius assumed the throne of the eastern half of the Roman Empire. Many emperors followed after Arcadius, until the reform passed by Anastasius I which marks the beginning of the Byzantine era. Coins by Arcadius were some of the best minted coins of this era. Gradually, the coins diminished in weight and quality, becoming nothing more than a small slug the size of a pencil eraser. Most coins of this era defy attribution.

7 files, last one added on Jul 02, 2018

Roman Byzantium 491-1452 AD


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Starting with Anastasius I, the eastern Roman Empire continued to endure and thrive until it's fall in 1452 by the Ottoman Turks. Now called the Byzantine Empire as a modern convention. During ancient times, those of the Byzantine Empire more than likely referred to themselves as the Roman Empire. Coinage went so low in quality being crude in manufacture that a reform was needed. Anastasius I not only reformed the economy, but also the quality of the coinage. Coins from the Byzantine Empire evolved into another style, no longer looking anything like Roman Imperial coins a few hundred years ago.

11 files, last one added on Sep 12, 2018

Miscellaneous Roman Imperial


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Any Roman Imperial coins that do not fit into a emperor category, including commemorative, anonymous and other issues. Also includes barbarous Roman imitative coins.

7 files, last one added on Jun 25, 2018

Roman Provincial


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Roman Provincial covers a great deal of the time-line of the Roman Empire from the Julio-Claudian period to the time of the Tetrarchy when Roman Provincial coins were finally phased out.

15 files, last one added on Nov 14, 2018

Ancient Africa Region


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Any coins from Ancient Africa will be here. Those that are not Greek, Roman or from any other major empire that is not from Africa. Carthage is the best known ancient African empire that controlled a great deal of territory in Northern Africa as well as controlling shipping lanes of the Mediterranean Sea. Carthage was conquered by the Roman Republic. Numidia is also another empire that was known to have minted coins, very similar to Carthage coins.

1 files, last one added on Jun 08, 2015

Ancient Greek


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From the 7th century BC to the 1st century AD, including many regions and city states outside of modern day Greece are lumped together into a single entity classified in 4 basic categories, Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic and Roman. Coins from this era range from the most beautiful pieces of art to the ugliest looking coppers, second only to late Roman 4th-5th century coins.

14 files, last one added on Nov 15, 2018

Ancient Hispania


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The Iberian Peninsula, named Hispania by the Romans was a mixed group of peoples from Carthage, Celts, Phoenicians, some Greek trading ports. As the Roman conquest of Hispania continued, many cities and groups issued their own coins for private daily use, trading and paying tribute to the Roman Republic. Eventually, the Romans would take over completely, ending the minting of these unofficial coins to some extent.

2 files, last one added on Dec 13, 2014

Ancient Israel Region


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Often called the "Holy Land" by many. This region has history spanning more than 3000 years. Coins from this region will include specific ancient Israel kingdoms, cities and coins to represent various Roman Procurators as well as many other types.

10 files, last one added on Jun 27, 2018

26 albums on 2 page(s) 1

Last additions - Gil-galad's Gallery
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Tyre, Phoenicia, Autonomous (98 BC - 85 AD), AE202 viewsAncient Greek, Tyre, Phoenicia, Autonomous (98 BC - 85 AD), AE20

Obverse: Head of Tyche right, wearing turreted crown, veil, earring, palm branch left, within dotted circle border.

Reverse: PMA Tyre monogram, A-Y, IEPAΣ, LSB (Phoenician), Galley rowing left, with prow terminating in volute, and aphlaston at stern; above, date and monogram. Greek alphabet, Phoenician below. Within dotted circle border.

Reference: BMC Phoenicia 256

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Phoenician - Segoe UI Historic

𐤋𐤑𐤁‬ ← → LSB
Gil-galadNov 15, 2018
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Antioch ad Orontem, Philip I (244-249 AD), AE2 viewsRoman Provincial, Antioch ad Orontem, Philip I (244-249 AD), AE

Obverse: AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CƐB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left.

Reverse: ANTIOXƐΩN MHTPO KOΛΩN Δ-Ɛ, S-C, Turreted, veiled and draped bust of Tyche right, ram jumping right above, star below.

Reference: BMC 531, SNG Cop 271

Ex: VCoins - Holyland Ancient Coins Corporation - Musa Ali
Gil-galadNov 14, 2018
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Vetranio (350 AD) AE3, Siscia mint1 viewsRoman Imperial, Vetranio (350 AD) AE3, Siscia mint

Obverse: DN VETRA-NIO PF AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.

Reverse: GLORIA ROMANORVM, Vetranio standing facing, head left, holding Chi-Rho labarum and transverse spear in left arm; Mintmark: ΔSIS.

Reference: RIC VIII Siscia 294; LRBC 1180; Sear RCV 18907
Gil-galadOct 15, 2018
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Nabataea, Rabbel II with Gamilat, AR Sela 3.4g, (76 AD), Year 65 viewsAncient Greek, Nabataea, Rabbel II with Gamilat, AR Sela 3.4g, (76 AD), Year 6

Obverse: RBAL MLK NBTW SLT 6, Laureate, diademed, and draped bust of Rabbel II right.

Reverse: GMLT AHTH MLKT NBTW, Veiled and draped bust of Gamilat right.

Reference:

Viewable with Everson Mono and Unifont

Obverse legend: 𐢛𐢃𐢁𐢑𐢓𐢑𐢎𐢕𐢃𐢞𐢈𐢝𐢑𐢞𐢬𐢧 ← - RBAL MLK NBTW SLT 6

Reverse Legend: 𐢄𐢓𐢑𐢞𐢁𐢊𐢞𐢆𐢓𐢑𐢏𐢞𐢕𐢃𐢞𐢈 ← GMLT AHTH MLKT NBTW
Gil-galadSep 12, 2018
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Justin I Half Follis (518-527 AD)5 viewsByzantine Empire, Justin I Half Follis (518-527 AD), Constantinople mint.

Obverse: DN IVSTI-NVS PP AVG, Pearl diademmed, cruirassed bust right.

Reverse: Large K, long cross left, star above, Γ right, star below.

Reference: Sommer 4.23.2, SB 69, DOC 15

Ex: Bryan Aaker.
Gil-galadSep 12, 2018
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Septimius Severus Denarius (197-198 AD)5 viewsRoman Imperial, Septimius Severus Denarius. (197-198 AD)

Obverse: L SEPT SEV PE-RT AVG IMP III, Laureate head right.

Reverse: PACI AVGVSTI, Pax seated left, holding branch in left hand, cornucopiae in left.

Reference: RIC 37, RSC 359, BMC 70, Sear RCV 6320

Ex: Bryan Aaker
Gil-galadSep 11, 2018
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Constantius II as Caesar (330-334 AD), Antioch mint5 viewsRoman Imperial, Constantius II as Caesar (330-334 AD), Antioch mint

Obverse: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left.

Reverse: PROVIDEN-TIAE CAESS, Campgate, two turrets, one star above, seven layers, ē in doorway. Mintmark: SMANTΔ

Reference: RIC VII Antioch 74

Ex: Bryan Aaker
Gil-galadSep 11, 2018
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Theodosius I (388-392 AD) AE4, Cyzicus mint4 viewsRoman Imperial, Theodosius I (388-392 AD) AE4, Cyzicus mint

Obverse: DN THEODO-SIVS PF AVG, Pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.

Reverse: SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Victory advancing left, dragging captive. Chi-Rho left field. Mintmark: SMKA

Reference: RIC IX Cyzicus 26b/30a

Ex: Bryan Aaker
Gil-galadSep 11, 2018
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Roman Imperial, Septimius Severus AE Denarius (197-198 AD)4 viewsRoman Imperial, Septimius Severus AE Denarius (197-198 AD)

L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP X, laureate head right.

PACI AETERNAE, Pax seated left, holding branch and scepter.

RIC 118 var, RSC 357 var, BMC 353 var
Gil-galadSep 01, 2018
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Roman Imperial, Gordian III AR Antoninianus (238-244 AD)4 viewsRoman Imperial, Gordian III AR Antoninianus (238-244 AD)

IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Radiate draped bust right.

P M TRP V COS II P P, Apollo seated left, resting arm on lyre.

RIC 87, RSC 237
Gil-galadSep 01, 2018
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Roman Imperial, Antoninus Pius Denarius. (148-149. AD) 4 viewsRoman Imperial, Antoninus Pius Denarius. (148-149. AD)

ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP TR P XII, laureate head right.

COS IIII, Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus & cornucopia.

RIC 178, RSC 252, BMC 664
Gil-galadSep 01, 2018
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Roman Imperial, Septimius Severus AR Denarius (197-198 AD)2 viewsRoman Imperial, Septimius Severus AR Denarius (197-198 AD)

L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP X, laureate head right.

SALVTI AVGG, Salus seated left, feeding a snake coiling up from an altar out of a patera; arm on side of throne.

RIC 119a, RSC 641
Gil-galadSep 01, 2018
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Roman Imperial, Trajan AR Denarius (103-111 AD)1 viewsRoman Imperial, Trajan AR Denarius (103-111 AD)

IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TRP, Laureate head right.

COS V PP SPQR OPTIMO PRINC, Felicitas standing left, holding caducius and cornucopiae.

RIC 121, RSC 81a.
Gil-galadSep 01, 2018
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Roman Imperial, Trajan, AR denarius, (116-117 AD)4 viewsRoman Imperial, Trajan, AR denarius, (114-117 AD)

IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GERM DAC, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the back.

PM TRP COS VI PP SPQR, Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy over shoulder.

RIC 337, RSC 270.
Gil-galadAug 31, 2018
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Roman Imperial, Antoninus Pius AR Denarius (155-156 AD)2 viewsRoman Imperial, Antoninus Pius AR Denarius (155-156 AD)

ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PP IMP II, laureate head right.

TR POT XX COS IIII, Ceres standing right, holding torch and grain-ears.

RIC 259 var
Gil-galadAug 31, 2018
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Roman Imperial, Septimius Severus Denarius (193-211 AD)1 viewsRoman Imperial, Septimius Severus Denarius (193-211 AD)

L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIII, Laureate head right.

PM TRP V COS II PP, Pax seated left, holding branch and sceptre.

RIC 490a
Gil-galadAug 31, 2018

Random files - Gil-galad's Gallery
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Honorius (395-401 AD) AE3, Antioch mint12 viewsRoman Imperial, Honorius (395-401 AD) AE3, Antioch mint

Obverse: DN HONORI-VS PF AVG, Pearl diadem, draped and cuirassed bust right.

Reverse: VIRTVS-EXERCITI, Emperor standing left, head right, holding spear and resting left hand on shield. Victory, standing beside him crowns him with a wreath which she holds in her right hand. Mintmark ANTΓ "Virtuous Performance"

Reference: RIC X 72; Sear 21031

Ex: Kayser-i Rum Numismatics
Gil-galad
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Roman Imperial, Trajan, AR denarius, (116-117 AD)4 viewsRoman Imperial, Trajan, AR denarius, (114-117 AD)

IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GERM DAC, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the back.

PM TRP COS VI PP SPQR, Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy over shoulder.

RIC 337, RSC 270.
Gil-galad
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Roman Imperial, Septimius Severus Denarius. (197-198 AD)7 viewsRoman Imperial, Septimius Severus Denarius. (197-198 AD)

L SEPT SEV PE-RT AVG IMP III, laureate head right.

PACI AVGVSTI, Pax seated left, holding branch in left hand, cornucopiae in left.

RSC 359, RIC 37, RSC 359, BMC 70, Sear RCV 6320
Gil-galad
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Postumus (263-265 AD) AR Antoninianus, Treveri mint8 viewsRoman Imperial, Postumus (263-265 AD) AR Antoninianus, Treveri mint, 3.46g, 22.3mm, 1h

Obverse: IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, Radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right.

Reverse: FELICI-TAS AVG, Felicitas standing left with long caduceus & cornucopiae.

Reference: RIC 58, RSC 39 A, Sear 10936

EX: Tom Mullally
Gil-galad