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Roman Republic Era before 27 BC


The Roman Republic was the end of the Roman Kingdom in 509 BC and the dawn of a rising ancient civilization that evolved and changed until the transition to the Roman Empire in 27 BC. Coins come in gold, silver and bronze, although many of them have very similar designs first anonymous and then issued by moneyers. Coins in this gallery will include both Roman Republic and Roman Imperatorial coins.

3 files, last one added on Apr 11, 2017

The 12 Caesars Era 27 BC - 96 AD


The end of the Roman Republic, as well as the end of the Roman Imperatorial era comes the first 12 Caesars of the Roman Empire. Starting with Julius Caesar, Augustus (Octavian) and then the last, Domitian. For numismatists, coins of the 12 Caesars are some of the most sought after.

22 files, last one added on Jan 02, 2019

Adoptive Emperors Era 96-192 AD


Although it was a common practice to adopt a successor to the throne, this period was known as the Adoptive Emperors era. Also known as the Nerva-Antonine dynasty. Many coins during this period are highly sought after by numismatists.

23 files, last one added on Jan 04, 2019

Severan Dynasty Era 193-235 AD


The Severan Dynasty was started by Septimius Severus, who was the victor of a large scale civil war in 193 AD. The year is known as the "Year of the Five Emperors". The end of this dynasty was said to be the many unstable relationships between family members as well as political turmoil. The end of this dynasty was also the end of the principate founded by Augustus. Bronze coins are somewhat uncommon during this era, but silver denarius coins were very plentiful. Many specialist collectors look for eastern mint Septimius Severus coins for mangled legends and other oddities.

16 files, last one added on Sep 11, 2018

Crisis and Decline Era 235-258 AD


The crisis began with the assassination of the Emperor, Alexander Severus. The next approximate 50 years would bring 20-25 claimants to the throne as well as invasion, civil war, plague and economic depression which nearly destroyed the Roman Empire. Many coins of this period are very rare to the common ones which can also be very crude in manufacture.

32 files, last one added on Apr 27, 2018

Secessionist Empires Era 258-274 AD


By approximately 258, the Roman Empire split into several smaller states known as The Gallic Empire, Palmyrene Empire and the central Italian Roman Empire. Many coins of this era are rare, to the very common which can be crude in manufacture.

8 files, last one added on Apr 27, 2018

Recovery of the Empire Era 268-285 AD


The recovery began once Claudius II was appointed by Gallienus, the first in a series of many strong emperors to come. After achieving victory against a massive Gothic army, he earned the name "Gothicus" as well as "Germanicus Maximus" after a victory against Germanic tribes. Unfortunately, the Plague of Cyprian claimed his life. His successor Aurelian would conqueror the remaining states and unify the Roman Empire by 274 AD. Bronze coins of this era start to improve in quality.

21 files, last one added on Feb 02, 2019

The Tetrarchy Era 285-313 AD


Originally began as a diarchy, Maximian as co-emperor in the west, Diocletian as co-emperor in the east. Both co-emperors decided two Caesars were needed to address both civic and military problems. Galerius and Constantius Chlorus were appointed to the position, thus the first Tetrarchy was achieved. The second Tetrarchy came into existence after Diocletian and Maximian retired in 305. Two new Caesars Severus II and Maximinus were appointed, as well as Maxentius being declared as a usurper, and Licinius being appointed as Augustus in the west. Long story short, the Tetrarchy failed, leaving Constantine I the eventual victor and sole Augustus of the Roman Empire by 324. Coins are no longer artistic as they once were, although they were well made and a system of mint marks came to see the quality high in most respects.

19 files, last one added on Jan 07, 2019

Constantinian Dynasty Era 305-363 AD


The Constantinian Dynasty named after Constantine I the Great, also termed for the entire ruling family from Constantius I Chlorus to the death of Julian II - The Apostate. Most of the coins carry on in the tradition from the Tetrarchy period, being of high quality as the mint mark system continues. A great deal of coins will be found from this period.

50 files, last one added on Jan 13, 2019

The Late Empire - West - 364-476 AD


The late Roman Empire begins to decline after the Constantinian Dynasty comes to an end. After Jovian's death, the Valentinian dynasty comes into power as well as the Theodosian Dynasty. The empire officially became divided in 395 when Theodosius I passed away of edema. His son Honorius assumed the throne of the western half. The western half of the empire was never re-united with it's eastern half and then declined until the western Roman Empire was no more in 476 AD. Coins of this era steadily decline in size and quality until they are nothing more than small crude chunks of metal issued by emperors such as Valentinian III.

27 files, last one added on Jan 13, 2019

The Late Empire - East - 383-491 AD


The empire officially became divided in 395 when Theodosius I passed away of edema. His son Arcadius assumed the throne of the eastern half of the Roman Empire. Many emperors followed after Arcadius, until the reform passed by Anastasius I which marks the beginning of the Byzantine era. Coins by Arcadius were some of the best minted coins of this era. Gradually, the coins diminished in weight and quality, becoming nothing more than a small slug the size of a pencil eraser. Most coins of this era defy attribution.

7 files, last one added on Jul 02, 2018

Roman Byzantium 491-1452 AD


Starting with Anastasius I, the eastern Roman Empire continued to endure and thrive until it's fall in 1452 by the Ottoman Turks. Now called the Byzantine Empire as a modern convention. During ancient times, those of the Byzantine Empire more than likely referred to themselves as the Roman Empire. Coinage went so low in quality being crude in manufacture that a reform was needed. Anastasius I not only reformed the economy, but also the quality of the coinage. Coins from the Byzantine Empire evolved into another style, no longer looking anything like Roman Imperial coins a few hundred years ago.

11 files, last one added on Sep 11, 2018

Miscellaneous Roman Imperial


Any Roman Imperial coins that do not fit into a emperor category, including commemorative, anonymous and other issues. Also includes barbarous Roman imitative coins.

7 files, last one added on Jun 25, 2018

Roman Provincial


Roman Provincial covers a great deal of the time-line of the Roman Empire from the Julio-Claudian period to the time of the Tetrarchy when Roman Provincial coins were finally phased out.

17 files, last one added on May 10, 2019

Ancient Africa Region


Any coins from Ancient Africa will be here. Those that are not Greek, Roman or from any other major empire that is not from Africa. Carthage is the best known ancient African empire that controlled a great deal of territory in Northern Africa as well as controlling shipping lanes of the Mediterranean Sea. Carthage was conquered by the Roman Republic. Numidia is also another empire that was known to have minted coins, very similar to Carthage coins.

1 files, last one added on Jun 08, 2015

Ancient Greek


From the 7th century BC to the 1st century AD, including many regions and city states outside of modern day Greece are lumped together into a single entity classified in 4 basic categories, Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic and Roman. Coins from this era range from the most beautiful pieces of art to the ugliest looking coppers, second only to late Roman 4th-5th century coins.

17 files, last one added on Apr 30, 2019

Ancient Hispania


The Iberian Peninsula, named Hispania by the Romans was a mixed group of peoples from Carthage, Celts, Phoenicians, some Greek trading ports. As the Roman conquest of Hispania continued, many cities and groups issued their own coins for private daily use, trading and paying tribute to the Roman Republic. Eventually, the Romans would take over completely, ending the minting of these unofficial coins to some extent.

2 files, last one added on Dec 13, 2014

Ancient Israel Region


Often called the "Holy Land" by many. This region has history spanning more than 3000 years. Coins from this region will include specific ancient Israel kingdoms, cities and coins to represent various Roman Procurators as well as many other types.

12 files, last one added on Jan 12, 2019

26 albums on 2 page(s) 1

Last additions - Gil-galad's Gallery
Antioch Pisidia, Volusian (251-253 AD) AE232 viewsRoman Provincial, Antioch Pisidia, Volusian (251-253 AD) AE23

Obverse: IMP C V IMP CA LVSSIANO AVG, Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right, seen from the back.

Reverse: ANTIOC-HIO CLA, Vexilium surmounted by eagle, between two standards. SR in exergue.

Reference: Lindgren 1250,; BMC 133

Ex: VCoins - Sphinx Numismatics - Youssef Mishriki
Gil-galadMay 10, 2019
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy III Euergetes 246-222 B.C. AE20, Tyre mint3 viewsAncient Greek, Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy III Euergetes 246-222 B.C. AE20, Tyre mint, Struck ca. 242/1-222 B.C.

Obverse: Head of Zeus-Ammon right, wearing tainia.

Reverse: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ, Eagle standing left on thunderbolt; club to left.

Reference: Svoronos 709; SNG Copenhagen 496

Ex: Musa Ali - VCoins - Holyland Ancient Coin Corporation
Gil-galadApr 30, 2019
Script test post.9 views𐢛𐢃𐢁𐢑 ← → RBAL - Rabbel

𐢄𐢓𐢑𐢞 ← → GMLT - Gamilat

Rulers found on Nabataean coins.

𐢇𐢛𐢞𐢞 ← → HRTT - Aretas
𐢄𐢓𐢑𐢞 ← → GMLT - Gamilat
𐢇𐢑𐢅𐢈 ← → HLDW - Huldu
𐢒𐢑𐢏𐢈 ← → MLKW - Malichus
𐢗𐢃𐢅𐢞 ← → OBDT - Obodas
𐢛𐢃𐢁𐢑 ← → RBAL - Rabbel
𐢝𐢚𐢌𐢑𐢞 ← → SQYLT - Shaqilat

𐢝𐢕𐢞 ← → SNT - Shanat - Year

𐢊𐢛𐢇 ← → HRH - Hetrahe - 1 - One
𐢊𐢛𐢇𐢏𐢑 ← → HRHKL - Hetrahekal - 2 - Two
𐢞𐢑𐢞 ← → TLT - Talat - 3 - Three
𐢁𐢛𐢃𐢗 ← → ARBO - Arbo - 4 - Four

𐢝𐢞 ← → ST - Shat - 6 - Six
𐢜𐢃𐢗 ← → SBO - Shabo - 7 - Seven

𐢗𐢝𐢅 ← → OSR - Oshara - 10 - Ten

𐢇𐢛𐢞𐢞 ← → HRTT - Aretas
𐢝𐢚𐢌𐢑𐢞 ← → SQYLT - Shaqilat
Gil-galadFeb 05, 2019
Claudius II, Antoninianus, Rome mint, Jupiter3 viewsRoman Imperial, Claudius II, Antoninianus, Rome mint

Obverse: IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right.

Reverse: IOVI STATORI, Jupiter standing left, head left, holding sceptre and thunderbolt.

Reference: RIC 52, type 2

Ex: Bryan Aaker
Gil-galadFeb 02, 2019
Constantine I (316 AD) AE follis, Trier mint, Mars3 viewsRoman Imperial, Constantine I (316 AD) AE follis, Trier mint

Obverse: IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG , Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.

Reverse: MARTI CON-SERVATORI, Mars, helmeted, in military dress, standing half right, head right, reversed spear in right hand, left hand resting on ornate curved shield. T-F across fields. Mintmark: ATR.

Reference: RIC VII Trier 108
Gil-galadJan 13, 2019
Gratian (378-383 AD) AE2, Rome mint3 viewsRoman Imperial, Gratian (378-383 AD) AE2, Rome mint

Obverse: DN GRATIANVS PF AVG, Pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.

Reverse: REPARATIO REIPVB, Emperor standing facing, head left, holding Victory on globe in left hand and raising kneeling woman with right hand. Mintmark: SMRQ.

Reference: RIC IX Rome 43a
Gil-galadJan 13, 2019
Constantius II (337-340 AD) AE4, Rome mint, Securitas2 viewsRoman Imperial, Constantius II (337-340 AD) AE4, Rome mint

Obverse: DN FL CONSTANTIVS AVG, Laurel and rosette-diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right.

Reverse: SECVRI-TAS REIP, Securitas standing facing, looking right, left elbow leaning on column, legs crossed, holding sceptre. Mintmark R leaf S.

Reference: RIC VIII Rome 12; Voetter 19.
Gil-galadJan 13, 2019
Alexander Jannaeus, Hasmonean AE Prutah, (103-76 BC)2 viewsAncient Greek, Alexander Jannaeus, Hasmonean AE Prutah, (103-76 BC)

Obverse: "Yehonatan the High Priest & the Council of the Jews", Five lines of Hebrew text within wreath, top line off flan.



Reverse: Two joined cornucopias, ribbons on each side, pomegranate between, all within dotted circle border.

Reference: Hendin 1145 (473)

Ex: Tom Mullally
Gil-galadJan 12, 2019
Maximianus (293 AD) AE Antoninianus, Antioch mint6 viewsRoman Imperial, Maximianus (293 AD) AE Antoninianus, Antioch mint.

Obverse: IMP C MA MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right.

Reverse: CONCORDIA MIL-ITVM, Maximianus receiving Victory from Jupiter, H in lower center. Mintmark: XXI.

Reference: RIC V-2 Antioch 621; Cohen 54.
Gil-galadJan 07, 2019
Probus (276-282 AD) AE Antoninianus, Siscia mint, Providentia5 viewsRoman Imperial, Probus (276-282 AD) AE Antoninianus, Siscia mint

Obverse: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.

Reverse: PROVIDE AVG, Providentia standing left, holding globe and scepter. S fieldmark right. Mintmark: XXI

Reference: RIC V-2 Siscia 716
Gil-galadJan 06, 2019
Licinius I (317-320 AD) AE3, Rome mint, Jupiter8 viewsRoman Imperial, Licinius I (317-320 AD) AE3, Rome mint

Obverse: IMP LICINIVS AVG, Laureate, draped bust left, holding mappa, globe and scepter.

Reverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and sceptre. Wreath in left field, Ɛ epsilon in right field. Mintmark: SMK.

Reference: RIC VII Cyzicus 9
1 commentsGil-galadJan 05, 2019
Diocletian (292 AD) AE Antoninianus, Rome mint, Jupiter5 viewsRoman Imperial, Diocletian (292 AD) AE Antoninianus, Rome mint

Obverse: IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, Radiate, cuirassed bust right

Reverse: IOVI CONSERVAT AVGG, Jupiter, naked, standing facing, looking right, holding thunderbolt and scepter, eagle at foot with wreath in beak. Mintmark XXIΔ.

Reference: RIC V-2 166
Gil-galadJan 05, 2019
Claudius II (269 AD) AE Antoninianus, Rome mint, Fortuna4 viewsRoman Imperial, Claudius II (269 AD) AE Antoninianus, Rome mint

Obverse: IMP CLAVDIVS PF AVG, Radiate,draped and cuirassed bust right.

Reverse: FORTVNA REDVX, Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopiae.

Reference: RIC V-2 43 Rome
Gil-galadJan 05, 2019
Severus Alexander AE 25mm of Deultum, Thrace7 viewsRoman Provincial, Severus Alexander AE 25mm of Deultum, Thrace

Obverse: IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, Laureate draped bust right.

Reverse: COL FL PA-C DEVLT, Artemis walking right, holding bow, reaching behind to grab an arrow from her quiver, hound between her feet.

Reference: SNG Copenhagen 539; Moushmov 3583; Varbanov GIC 2265
Gil-galadJan 04, 2019
Divus Claudius II (c. 270 AD) AE Antoninianus6 viewsRoman Imperial, Divus Claudius II (c. 270 AD) AE Antoninianus

Obverse: DIVO CLAVDIO, Radiate head right.

Reverse: CONSECRATIO, Eagle standing facing and perched, head right.

Reference: RIC 266; Cohen 43; Sear 11459.
Gil-galadJan 04, 2019
Julian II (361-363 AD) AE 2, Sirmium mint5 viewsRoman Imperial, Julian II (361-363 AD) AE 2, Sirmium mint

Obverse: DN FL CL IVL-ANVS PF AVG, Helmeted bust left, holding spear and shield.

Reverse: VOT X MVLT XX within wreath; Mintmark: BSIRM

Reference: RIC VIII Sirmium 108, LRBC 1619.
Gil-galadJan 04, 2019

Random files - Gil-galad's Gallery
Drusus Caesar AE As. Struck under Tiberius, (21-22 AD)9 viewsRoman Imperial, Drusus Caesar AE As. Struck under Tiberius, (21-22 AD), 27.5mm, 9.3g

Obverse: DRVSVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N, Bare head left.

Reverse: PONTIF TRIBVN POTEST ITER around large SC.

Reference: RIC 45 (Tiberius), Sear RCV 1794, Cohen 2.

Ex: Incitiatus Coins
Random Cleaning Projects11 viewsTop Row:

Trajan - Tabae, Caria; Constantius II ; Probus ; Gratian

Second Row:

Gallienus ; Septimius Severus ; Constans ; Aurelian

Third Row:

Julian II ; Valens ; Gratian ; Marcinus and Diadumenian
Severina AE Antoninianus, 274-275 AD, Serdica15 viewsRoman Imperial, Severina AE Antoninianus, (274-275 AD), Serdica, 2g, 21.31mm

Obverse: SEVERINA AVG, Diademed, draped bust right on crescent.

Reverse: CONCORDIA AVGG, Aurelian and Severina clasping hands. KAΔ, "Concordia of the Two Emperors"

Reference: Cohen 2, RIC 16

Ex: Bing
Tang Dynasty AE Cash Coin - 開元通寶 Kai Yuan Tong Bao (The Inaugural Currency). 718 - 732 AD.19 viewsTang Dynasty AE Cash Coin - Kai Yuan Tong Bao (The Inaugural Currency), 開元通寶, (718 - 732 AD)

Obverse: KAI YUAN TONG BAO, 開元通寶, Thick outer rim surrounding four flanking Chinese characters, thin inner square rim.

Reverse: No legend, Thick outer rim, thin inner square rim.

Reference: Hartill 14.3

Ex: ECIN (Every Coin In Numismatics)

Kai Yuan Tong Bao or "The Inaugural Currency" was a standard in the Tang Dynasty for around 300 years. Another generic coin, but has a much more modern style that carries on to the end of the cash coin.

These cast coins were well made, as well as having regulations where citizens were no longer allowed to mint coins as they once were. The penalty for minting coins was death. The alloy composition also had a standard regulation of 83% copper, 15% lead, and 2% tin. Although, testing seemed to produce different results for a lot of coins.