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Roman Republic


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3 files, last one added on Jun 29, 2012

Roman Imperial


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17 files, last one added on Mar 02, 2013

Roman Provincial


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5 files, last one added on Mar 02, 2013

Misc. Ancient coins


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2 files, last one added on Jul 13, 2012

Greek Coins


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34 files, last one added on Mar 10, 2013

Bactrian Coins


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1 files, last one added on Mar 24, 2012

Ancient Iberian Coins


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1 files, last one added on Oct 28, 2011

Viminacium Coins


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1 files, last one added on Jul 11, 2012

Parthian Coins


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1 files, last one added on Mar 25, 2012

Minerals and Fossils


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2 files, last one added on Jul 12, 2012

Antiquities


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1 files, last one added on Mar 27, 2012

Byzantine


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2 files, last one added on Jul 11, 2012

Misc. Items of Interest


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1 files, last one added on Mar 10, 2013

 

13 albums on 1 page(s)

Last additions - Steve E's Gallery
chinese_charm_pan.jpg
Chinese Charm with coin inscription from Later Zhou Dynasty 951 - 960 A.D.83 viewsCast Bronze Chinese Charm, Weight 8.8g, Max diameter 26.8mm, Obv. 周 元通宝 zhou yuan tong bao "Zhou First Currency", Rev. Dragon on left, Warrior with sword on right (depicting "Zhou Chu killing the dragon"), Rich brown patina.

Background info courtsey Primaltrek.com

In addition to official coinage, China also has a long history of producing "coin-like" charms, amulets and talismans.

Coins, as a form of money, represent power. Coin-shaped charms are, therefore, a very compact form of power. They are filled with symbolism and are believed by the multitude of Chinese to have vast powers.

Cast throughout the centuries, these ancient charms, informally referred to by the Chinese as "ya sheng coins" (压胜钱), "flower coins" (huaqian 花钱) or "play coins" (wanqian 玩钱), were not used as money but rather to suppress evil spirits, bring "good luck", "good fortune" and to avert misfortune.

For the most part, all these old charms,...were privately cast and their quantities and dates are almost impossible to determine. Nevertheless, they serve as important cultural artifacts from the life of the common Chinese throughout the centuries.

Emperor Shizong did cast coins in earnest beginning in 955 AD, the second year of his Xiande (显德) reign, with the inscription zhou yuan tong bao (周 元通宝). To obtain the copper to make the coins, Emperor Shizong ordered the confiscation of bronze statues from 3,336 Buddhist temples. He also mandated that citizens turn in to the government all bronze utensils with the exception of bronze mirrors.

Zhou yuan tong bao coins are very well made and still exist in large quantities. Because the coins were made from Buddhist statues, they are considered to have special powers. For example, it was believed that the zhou yuan tong bao coin could cure malaria and help women going through a difficult labor.

Because of the common belief that the coin has special powers, the zhou yuan tong bao became very popular as the basis for charms and amulets. There are many charms with the inscription zhou yuan tong bao on the obverse and a dragon and phoenix on the reverse. Images of the Buddha, zodiac animals, and other auspicious objects can also be found on the reverse sides of zhou yuan tong bao charms.

The theme of this charm is "Zhou Chu killing the dragon".

A folk story about Zhou Chu appeared in the 430AD book "A New Account of the Tales of the World" and proved to be very popular. The story claims that Zhou Chu was such a hot-headed bully in his younger days that he was called one of the "Three Scourges" by the villagers in his hometown (in today's Yixing), along with a dragon and a tiger. Upon hearing the term, Zhou Chu went on to kill the tiger and the dragon. After he and the dragon disappeared for 3 days fighting in Lake Tai, the villagers celebrated wildly, just when Zhou Chu returned with the dragon's head. That was when he realized that he was the last scourge that the villagers feared. Determined to mend his old ways, he sought out Eastern Wu generals Lu Ji and Lu Yun, and received encouragement. Eventually he became an accomplished general beloved by his people~Wikipedia
3 commentsSteve EMar 10, 2013
Ptolemy_X_pan.jpg
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos, 80 - 58 B.C. and 55 - 51 B.C.142 viewsAR Tetradrachm, (Sovornos 1868~Cleopatra VII), (SNG Cop 391), Weight 14.1g, Max. diameter 24.15mm, Paphos mint (Alexandria mint in some refs.) year 21 (60/61 B.C.), Obv. Diademed head of Ptolemy Soter right, wearing aegis, Rev. ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ, Eagle standing left on thunderbolt (off flan); L KA (date) before; ΠA behind, Background toning with some pitting on obv.


There is some disagreement between references as to which ruler it is assigned to. And the mint.

Background info courtesy Forvm Ancient Coins

In 80 B.C., Ptolemy XI was removed from the throne by the Egyptian people after he killed his coregent and step-mother Berenice III. Since he had no male heir, the oldest (illegitimate) son of Ptolemy IX was made King Ptolemy XII. Ptolemy XI had left the throne to Rome in his will, but Rome did not challenge Ptolemy XII's succession because the Senate did not want an Egyptian expansion.

Ptolemy XII was a weak and unpopular ruler. He was awarded the belittling title Auletes - the flute player. Deposed by his own subjects in 58 B.C., he regained his throne with Roman assistance. His daughter, the famous Cleopatra VII, was the last Ptolemaic ruler of Egypt.

Ex. Aegean Numismatics
Ex. CNG auction 91 lot 75

Pictured on Wildwinds
2 commentsSteve EMar 10, 2013
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Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt69 viewsBronze drachm, (Geissen 1001); (Dattari 1808); (Milne 1276); (SNG Cop 350); (BMC Alexandria p. 92, 785); (Kampmann-Ganschow 32.470); (Emmett 1014), weight 27.286g, max. diameter 35.5mm, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 128 - 28 Aug 129; obverse AVT KAIC TPAI ADPIA CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, wearing aegis, from behind; reverse Nilus reclining left on a crocodile right, himation around waist and legs, cornucopia in right from which an infant genius emerges, reed in left, Greek #16 above, L TPICKAI (year 13) in ex.Thin olive green patina.

Background info. courtesy Forvm Ancient Coins

The Greek numeral sixteen (Ις) above Nilus refers to what was considered the ideal height of the annual Nile flood, sixteen cubits. Less could mean drought or famine. Even in modern times grand celebrations were held when the flood reached 16 cubits. In years when the flood failed to reach 16 cubits, the celebrations were canceled, and prayers and fasting were held instead. The peak flood occured at the end of August, which explains why the Egyptian year began on 29 August.

Ex Forvm Ancient Coins
Ex Rusty Romans
4 commentsSteve EMar 02, 2013
Vesp_Ses_pan.jpg
Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D. Rome mint76 viewsOrichalcum sestertius, RIC II 460, (BMCRE II 574), weight 23.556g, max. diameter 32.1mm, 180o, Rome mint, 71 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES VESPAS AVG P M TR P P P COS III, laureate head right; reverse SALVS AVGVSTA S C, Salus seated left, patera in extended right, long scepter vertical behind in left. Thin brown patina worn on high points.

Background info courtsey Forvm Ancient Coins

In 71 A.D., the year this coin was struck, Vespasian and his sons celebrated the vanquishing of the Jews with a triumph in Rome. The Jewish historian Josephus was present at the festivities and noted, "It is impossible to do justice in the description of the number of things to be seen and to the magnificence of everything that met the eye...The greatest amazement was caused by the floats. Their size gave grounds for alarm about their stability, for many were three or four stories high...On one float the army could be seen pouring inside the walls, on another was a place running with blood. Others showed defenseless men raising their hands in entreaty, firebrands being hurled at temples or buildings falling on their owners. On yet others were depicted rivers, which, after the destruction and desolation, flowed no longer through tilled fields providing water for men and cattle, but through a land on fire from end to end. It was to such miseries that the Jews doomed themselves by the war...Standing on his individual float was the commander of each of the captured cities showing the way he had been taken prisoner...Spoil in abundance was carried past. None of it compared with that taken from the Temple in Jerusalem...The procession was completed by Vespasian, and, behind him, Titus. Domitian rode on horseback wearing a beautiful uniform and on a mount that was wonderfully well worth seeing...

Ex Forvm Ancient Coins

3 commentsSteve EMar 02, 2013
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Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy VI Philometor and Ptolemy VIII, 170 - 164 B.C.117 viewsBronze AE 31, SGCV II 7900, (Svoronos 1424), (SNG Cop 306 ff.), (Noeske 212 ff.), (Hosking 75), (Weiser 142) ~Ptolemy V, 180 - 176 B.C.), 29.102g, 33.4mm, Alexandria mint, Obv. diademed head of Zeus Ammon right; Rev. PTOLEMAIOU BASILEWS, two eagles standing left side by side on thunderbolts, double cornucopia in the left field, Olive patina with earthen deposits, surface a little rough.

Background info courtsey Forvm Ancient coins

Two eagles on the reverse may be symbolic of the joint rule of Ptolemy VI and his younger brother.

Ex Forvm Ancient Coins
Steve EMar 02, 2013
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Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Aegeae, Cilicia mint89 viewsSilver tetradrachm, (Prieur 720), (SNG Paris 2331), Aegeae mint, weight 13.48g, max. diameter 26.6mm, 132 - 133 A.D.; Obv. AΥTOKΡ KAIΣ TΡAIA AΔΡIANO ΣEB Π Π (mostly off flan), laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; Rev. ETOΥΣ •ΘOΡ(year 179=132/3 A.D)• (AIΓEAIΩN mostly off flan), eagle standing facing on harpe, wings spread, head turned right, recumbent goat r. in ex.

Background info. courtesy Forvm Ancient Coins

Aegeae issued tetradrachms only during the reigns of Hadrian and Caracalla. The issues were probably related to visits of these emperors to the town or to its famous sanctuary of Asclepius. -- The Syro-Phoenician Tetradrachms and Their Fractions from 57 BC to AD 253 by Michel and Karin Prieur

The recumbent goat was the symbol for the city of Aegeae. It was a pun on AIGEAIWN (of the city of Aegeae) and AIGEIWN (of the goats). -- The Syro-Phoenician Tetradrachms and Their Fractions from 57 BC to AD 253 by Michel and Karin Prieur

2 commentsSteve EFeb 25, 2013
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Phillip II, Macedonian Kingdom, 359 -336 B.C.88 viewsBronze 1/4 unit, SNG ANS Macedonia II 979-993 (Symbols off flan on rev.); SNG Alpha Bank-online 449, uncertain mint c. 359 - 294 B.C. (many posthumous issues minted for Phillip II), weight 1.2 g. max. diameter 10.5 mm, Obv. head of Herakles r. wearing lion skin headdress, Rev. (Φ)ΙΛΙΠ above, (Π)OY below, club in between. Bright green patina with some earthen deposits.2 commentsSteve EFeb 25, 2013
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Pantikapaion, Thrace, 325 - 310 B.C.90 viewsBronze AE 17, McDonald 67, SNG Puskin Museum 934-948, (SNG BM Black Sea 890), (SNG Cop 32), NGC Choice VF, Pantikapaion mint, weight 4.5g, max. diameter 17.4mm, Obv. beared head of saytr left; Rev. ΠAN, head of bull 3/4 left, (the bull's left horn continues off flan onto the sprue). Smooth clay-brown patina, rated by NGC 4/5 for strike and 4/5 for surface (some deposits) No longer encased in the plastic tomb.

Ex. Forvm Ancient Coins
2 commentsSteve EFeb 25, 2013
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Syracuse, Sicily, Second Democracy, 466 - 406 B.C.80 viewsBronze tetras, SNG ANS Sicily III 376-380; SGCV I 1184, Lindgren II 549, weight 3.4 g, max. diameter 16.96 mm, Syracuse mint c. 440 - 425 B.C., Obv. ΣYPA, head of Arethusa right, wearing hair in korymbos, necklace and earring, 2 dolphins around; Rev. octopus (cuttlefish) and 3 pellets in round incuse. Brown patina with some light pitting and encrustation.

Among the earliest struck bronze coins minted!
2 commentsSteve EFeb 25, 2013
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Amphipolis, Macedonia, c. 168 - 149 B.C.62 viewsBronze AE 20, SGCV I 1394; (SNG Cop 62), weight 7.8 g, max. diameter 21.75 mm, Amphipolis mint, Roman rule, c. 168 - 149 B.C.; Obv. diademed head of Artemis Tauropolos right, bow and quiver at shoulder; Rev. ΑΜΦΙΠΟΛΙΤΩΝ, two goats on their hind legs, contending head to head. Green patina, very worn.

Artemis Tauropolos was an epithet for the goddess Artemis, variously interpreted as worshipped at Tauris, or pulled by a yoke of bulls, or hunting bull goddess. A statue of Artemis "Tauropolos" in her temple at Brauron in Attica was supposed to have been brought from the Taurians by Iphigenia. Tauropolia was a festival of Artemis in Athens. - Wikipedia
Steve EFeb 25, 2013
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Alexander III The Great, Macedonian Kingdom, 336 - 323 B.C. Miletos mint89 viewsBronze AE 1/4 Unit, Price 2102Ab, weight 1.1g, max. diameter 11.65 mm, Miletos mint, Posthumous issue c. 323 - 319 B.C.; obv. Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; rev. ΑΛΕΞΑΝ∆ΡΟ[Υ], bow in case above, club and stalk of grain below. Dark brown and green patina with some earthen residue. Appears to have little or no wear! (much better in hand) Very scarce denomination from this mint.1 commentsSteve EFeb 24, 2013
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Syracuse, Sicily, Pyrrhus of Epirus, 278 - 276 B.C.92 viewsBronze litra, SNG ANS SicilyIII 853; SGCV I 1214; (Calciati II p. 321, 176); (SNG Cop 813), weight 10.64 g, max. diameter 23.18 mm, Syracuse mint, 278 - 276 B.C.; obv. head of Herakles left, clad in lion's scalp head-dress; rev.
ΣΥΡΑ−ΚΟΣΙΩΝ, Athena Promachos advancing right, hurling thunderbolt with right, shield in left. A thick, dark olive green patina. Very fine style engraving! One of the nicest I've seen of Herakles on a bronze coin!

Background info. courtesy, Forvm Ancient Coins

In 279 BC, Pyrrhus forces, supporting the Greek cities of southern Italy, met and defeated the Romans at the battle of Asculum in Apulia. Pyrrhus, however, lost many men, several close associates, and all of his baggage. When one of his soldiers congratulated him on his victory, he famously replied: "Another such victory and we are ruined!" From this we have the term Pyrric victory, a victory achieved at ruinous cost.

Ex Roma Numismatics from Auction II; 2 Oct. 2011 pictured as lot 146
4 commentsSteve EFeb 24, 2013
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Istros, Thrace, c. 350 - 250 B.C.111 viewsBronze AE 15, SNG Stancomb 176-online, (BMC Thrace p. 26, 15); (SNG BM Black Sea 260); Weight 3.571 g, max. diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 180o, Istros mint, c. 350 - 250 B.C.; obv. horned head of river-god Istros (Danube) facing slightly right; rev. ΙΣΤΡΙ, sea-eagle grasping dolphin in talons; nice blue-green patina.

Background info. courtesy Forvm Ancient coins;

Istros is probably the oldest Greek colony on the Black Sea, and was founded in 657 - 656 B.C. or sometime between 630 and 620 B.C. by Milesian settlers in a strategic position near the Danube Delta.

Ex. Forvm Ancient Coins
3 commentsSteve EFeb 24, 2013
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Marcus Aurelius as Caesar under Antoninus Pius, 139 - 161 A.D., Rome mint97 views Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III Pius 1325 b, weight 26.6 g, max. diameter 31.25 mm, Rome mint, 155 - 156 A.D.; obv. AVRELIVS CAES ANTON AVG PII F, bare headed bust r.draped on l. shoulder; rev. TR POT X COS II S C, Minerva standing left, owl in extended right, spear in left, shield at feet behind, Scarce. Olive-brown patina, some corrosion on one edge. Very fine style portrait!

Marcus Aurelius bore the junior rank of Caesar for the unusually long time of 22 years! He was about 35 years old when this coin was minted, about 5 years before he became Emperor.

Ex. Andreas Kohn

Photo by Andreas Kohn
5 commentsSteve EFeb 23, 2013
siglos_dagger_pan.jpg
Persian Empire, Lydia, Anatolia, Darius II - Artaxerxes II, c. 420 - 375 B.C.82 viewsSilver siglos, (Carradice Type IV (middle) B; plate XIII, 35); weight 5.5g, max. diameter 14.14 mm, Sardeis mint, c. 420 - 350 B.C.; obverse kneeling-running figure of the Great King right, dagger in right, bow in left, bearded, crowned, waist indicated; reverse oblong incuse punch; lion head left within incuse, crescent moon banker's mark.
3 commentsSteve EJul 13, 2012
Megalodon_pan.jpg
C. Megalodon Fossilized Tooth89 viewsC. Megalodon Fossilized Tooth, height 53.5 mm, width 36.9 mm.

Megalodon...meaning "big tooth", from Greek μέγας (mega, "big") and ὀδούς (odon, "tooth")) is an extinct species of shark that lived roughly from 28 to 1.5 million years ago, during the Cenozoic Era (late Oligocene to early Pleistocene). from Wikipedia
3 commentsSteve EJul 12, 2012

Random files - Steve E's Gallery
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Apulia, Arpi (Italy) 3rd Century B.C.98 viewsAE 21; SGCV I 569, Lindgren 210; Weight 7.7 gr., Max. Diameter 21.17 mm; Obv. Δ A Σ O Y on right, Laureate head of Zeus left, thunderbolt behind; Rev. Calydonian Boar w/bristling ridgeback right, spearhead above, A P Π A N Ω N in ex.

Background info:

Arpi origially allied with Rome in 326 B.C. Later sided with Hannibal 217-213 B.C., then recaptured by Rome.
5 commentsSteve E
phillip_pan6.jpg
Macedonian Kingdom, Phillip II, 359 - 336 B.C. 70 viewsAE unit; SNG ANS 8- 903, Weight 5.7 gr., max diameter 16.7 mm; uncertain mint? Obv. Apollo facing right, wearing taenia; Rev. Φ Ι Λ Ι Π Π O Υ above; boy riding horse prancing right, AN monogram and trident head below. Dark patina.

Ex. Forvm Ancient Coins
1 commentsSteve E
Had__tet__pan.jpg
Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Aegeae, Cilicia mint89 viewsSilver tetradrachm, (Prieur 720), (SNG Paris 2331), Aegeae mint, weight 13.48g, max. diameter 26.6mm, 132 - 133 A.D.; Obv. AΥTOKΡ KAIΣ TΡAIA AΔΡIANO ΣEB Π Π (mostly off flan), laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; Rev. ETOΥΣ •ΘOΡ(year 179=132/3 A.D)• (AIΓEAIΩN mostly off flan), eagle standing facing on harpe, wings spread, head turned right, recumbent goat r. in ex.

Background info. courtesy Forvm Ancient Coins

Aegeae issued tetradrachms only during the reigns of Hadrian and Caracalla. The issues were probably related to visits of these emperors to the town or to its famous sanctuary of Asclepius. -- The Syro-Phoenician Tetradrachms and Their Fractions from 57 BC to AD 253 by Michel and Karin Prieur

The recumbent goat was the symbol for the city of Aegeae. It was a pun on AIGEAIWN (of the city of Aegeae) and AIGEIWN (of the goats). -- The Syro-Phoenician Tetradrachms and Their Fractions from 57 BC to AD 253 by Michel and Karin Prieur

2 commentsSteve E
siglos_dagger_pan.jpg
Persian Empire, Lydia, Anatolia, Darius II - Artaxerxes II, c. 420 - 375 B.C.82 viewsSilver siglos, (Carradice Type IV (middle) B; plate XIII, 35); weight 5.5g, max. diameter 14.14 mm, Sardeis mint, c. 420 - 350 B.C.; obverse kneeling-running figure of the Great King right, dagger in right, bow in left, bearded, crowned, waist indicated; reverse oblong incuse punch; lion head left within incuse, crescent moon banker's mark.
3 commentsSteve E