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Early Parthians I


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Silver tetradrachms, drachms, bronzes, and fractions from Arsakes I to Bagasis, with the attributions of David Sellwood, the Coinage of Parthia, Farhad Assar, and Fred Shore, Parthian Coins and History. Attributions of Parthian coins are in flux now. For convenience's sake I will stick with the Sellwood system for my gallery.

54 files, last one added on Dec 26, 2016

Early Parthians II


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Silver and bronze tetradrachms, drachms and chalkoi from Artabanos I. to the end of the reign of Mithradates II. I follow the David Sellwood attributions from 1980 regarding the sequence of the rulers. Fred Shore and Farhad Assar are also consulted for attributions. Deviations from Sellwood are noted in the description of the coins.

83 files, last one added on Dec 08, 2019

Parthian Dark Age I


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The period of about 90 BC (the end of the reign of Mithradates II.) and circa 57 BC (the established rule of Orodes II.) is referred to as the 'Dark Age' because of the number of rulers, co-rulers, an sub-kings and shifts of territory. Attributions are uncertain, new theories and sources are currently published. Again, for reasons of convenience, the Sellwood system ist used as a guide line, but other interpretations are mentioned in the descriptions of the coins.

54 files, last one added on Sep 13, 2016

Parthian Dark Age II


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Drachms and bronzes of Dareios of Media Atropatene, Phraates III., and one of his sons and killers, Mithradates III. to the time of the latter's death at the hands of his brother, Orodes II. in ca. 54 BC. An S. 44.1 tetradrachm which belongs most likely to the coinage of Mithradates III. is shown under the heading of Orodes II. in the following album to remain consistent with David Sellwood's attributions.

41 files, last one added on Jan 15, 2017

Middle Parthian Period I


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I begin with Orodes II., victorious over the Romans at Carrhae, Phraates IV., the usurper Tiridates, and Phraatakes, the latter famous for having married his mother. Patricide, fratricide, and filicide are rampant. The coin quality begins to deteriorate, metallurgically and artistically, and correct Greek legends become the exception. Only few drachms reach the Attic weight standard any longer. Phraatakes' drachms from eastern mints have cartoon-like obverses and reverses that no longer have identifiable letters.
Little did I realize how many Orodes coins had accumulated over the years, so I will break up the period into as many albums as I need. Middle Parthian Period II picks up with Phraates IV.

74 files, last one added on Feb 04, 2018

Middle Parthian Period II


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Middle Parthian Period II opens with Phraates IV, and continues with Tiridates, Phraatakes, and Phraatakes and Musa. Coin quality is in rapid decline, most of the Eastern mints appear to have no skilled celators. Artistically, the tetradrachms still stand out as do a few drachm issues mainly from Ekbatana and Rhagai.

71 files, last one added on Jan 19, 2020

Middle Parthian Period III


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This section begins with Orodes III (6-8 AD) and shows the ever deteriorating coinage of the following rulers until Pakoros II (78 - 105 AD). On the drachms, the portraits consist more and more of straight lines and dots. The tetradrachms are really made of billon metal, no longer of high grade silver. The Eastern mints put out greater quantities of drachms, albeit usually of low quality metal and design. Copper drachms appear, always from Eastern mints. New attributions are mentioned, but the old Sellwood system is maintained for the time being.

88 files, last one added on Dec 18, 2019

Late Parthians I


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Find tetradrachms, drachms and some fractions in these two sections that begin with Pakoros II. and end with the last Parthian kings Artabanos IV. and Vologases VI. and a presumed prince named Tiridates. Most of these coins no longer bear any resemblance to the fine design and workmanship of the Early Period that was dominated by Greek artisans. Their quality is a reflection of the problems of the empire and its rulers, the shaky alliances and costly conflicts with Rome, ongoing internecine struggles, and sales and losses of territory. One notes flickers of quality in the drachms and bronzes of Osroes I., Vologases V., Artabanos IV., and Vologases VI. before the Parthian Empire collapses around 228 AD and is taken over by an indigenous Iranian power, the Sassanians under Ardashir I.

56 files, last one added on Feb 04, 2018

Late Parthians II


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The drachms of Mithradates IV. lead the second part of this last section of my Parthian coins. They still show some quality of metal and design, but the steep downward curve continues with most of the tetradrachms of Vologases IV., and all of those of Vologases V. and VI. In some of the late drachms, again, we can still find artistic skill, especially with Vologases V., VI., Artabanos IV., and the mysterious Prince Tiridates.

71 files, last one added on Jan 15, 2017

Eastern Parthians


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As far as I know, three Parthian kings had bronze drachms minted in Areia and Margiane when they held or were confined to the eastern provinces of the Parthian Empire. Some other rulers minted the odd bronze drachm, but their number is negligible. The bulk of these coins were issued by Artabanos II., 10 - 38 AD, Vardanes I., 40 - 45 AD, and Vologases III., 105 - 147 AD. These drachms are of lesser artistic value; nevertheless, they are of some numismatic and historical interest. One can speculate why these rulers issued AE drachms: Was silver so rare in the East, were they in such dire streets that they could not afford silver, or were the lesser drachms meant to be an interim solution. The die cutters were certainly not first rate, and all of their products seem to have been made in haste.
The Sanabares on my AE drachms is most likely a Parthian prince or sub king who ruled in one of the Eastern provinces of the empire in what is now Turkmenistan (Margiane = Merv) around 125 AD. He is probably not identical with an Indo-Parthian ruler of the same name who struck coins in Seistan ( = Sakastan in Eastern Iran) and Arachiosa (in today’s Afghanistan) and belongs to the Gondopharan dynasty. There is great confusion in the literature, some authors think that there was just one Sanabares from the Gondophares line, an Indo-Parthian, in the province of Seistan. Dates are uncertain, too, they range between the first and third century AD.

55 files, last one added on Nov 06, 2016

Elymais


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This semi-independent state frequently under Parthian domination existed between the second century BC and the early third century AD. It was located in southwestern Persia in what the Achaemenides called Khustestan. Strabo describes its inhabitants, the 'Elymaei', as one of the four predatory tribes of the region. As capitals the cities of Susa and Seleukia on the Hedyphon took turns. According to Le Rider, the Elymaean king Kamnaskires I. (Soter) established himself as ruler of Susiana during a period of diminished Seleukid control. He was followed by Kamnaskires Nikephoros, usurpers like Okkonapses, Tigraios, and Dareios, and the Parthian viceroy Phraates II. At around 82/81 BC the Later Kamnaskirids take over with Kamnaskires III. and his queen Anzaze. Their beautiful tetradrachm (which, unfortunately, I do not own) was minted in Seleukia on the Hedyphon. During the reign of Kamnaskires IV. (63/62 - 54/53 BC) the quality of the silver coins deteriorates drastically. The Greek legends of his successor, Kamnaskires V., are illegible. Bronze drachms begin to replace silver in around 60 AD, dates are no longer used, and reverses begin to show mere dashes. At around that time, a new dynasty, which is believed to be Parthian, appears with Orodes I. His drachms still show a Greek legend which is gradually abandoned under his son, Kamnaskires Orodes, in favor of Aramaic. His successor, Phraates (early mid-second cent.), is the last ruler that can be dated with a measure of certainty. He is followed by Osroes, Orodes III., Orodes IV., Orodes V., Prince A and Prince B, and an even less known Unidentified King (Van't Haaff). In 221 AD, the Sassanian king Ardashir conquers Khusestan and puts an end to Elymaean coinage.

98 files, last one added on Nov 30, 2019

Parthia Related Coins I


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This group consists of coins that existed in and around, before and after the Parthian Empire. They include currency from the Achaemenid Empire (1), Persis, Charakene, the Roman Empire, an intriguing group of 5 Daoi (Dahai) hemidrachms and obols, Kushans, Iranian Huns, as well as Indo-Parthians with a batch of copper drachms presumably from the Jammu/Kashmir region. Unfortunately I do not have any Seleukid coins.

The Achaemenid Empire (7th to 4th cent. BC) was one of the greatest empires in ancient history. During its largest expanse it reached from the Aegean coast to the Hindukush, from the Central Asian steppes to the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Sea. As there was no prevailing coin economy outside the Aegean provinces no currency system was developed in the Iranian heartland where the simple lumpy gold and silver coins showing a running king were minted at Sardes.

Persis was the province of Fars in the southeast of today’s Iran and politically and strategically rather unimportant during Parthian times, which is why it retained a relative autonomy. Coins made from the early 3rd cent. BC to the end of the 2nd cent. AD were probably only intended for local use. Three distinct periods of coin production with intermittent suspension of coinage can be seen: phase 1 begins with the death of Seleukos Nikator around 280 BC and ends around 220 BC with the invasion of Antiochos III in Media; phase 2 begins with the defeat of Antiochos III in 190 BC and ends with the Parthian conquest of Mesopotamia and Susiana in 140 BC; phase 3 begins in the 90s BC and lasts until the accession of Papak’s sons, Shahpur and Ardashir, to the throne and the defeat of the Parthian Empire in 228 AD. Ardashir becomes the first Sassanian king thus re-establishing Iranian rule over areas that used to be the Achaemenid Empire.

The Daoi, or Dahae in Latin, were a confederation of three Indo-European, possibly Skythian, but not Indo-Iranian, tribes, one of which were the Parni located in what is today’s Turkmenistan. They took to the road in the 3rd cent. BC and moved to the southwest, invaded and settled the Persian province of Parthava whence they took their name as they usurped more and more territory of the crumbling Seleukid Empire. Their leader Arshak (Gr. Arsakes) became the first Parthian king after a revolt against the Seleukid Emperor Antiochos II.Theos. 5 of these coins, originally thought to be Daoi coinage, seem to be from Sogdiana, more specifically from Samarkand, and minted at a much later date, between the 4th and 5th cent AD. Perhaps the last word has not been spoken on their attribution.

Countermarked Parthians
In Sakastan between the 1st cent. BC and the 1st cent. AD, a number of genuine and imitation Parthian drachms, primarily of Gotarzes, Orodes I., Orodes II., and Phraates IV. were countermarked with a stamp in the shoulder area of the host coins. These marks were either integrated in the die or applied to the outside of the host coin’s flan - a glance at the reverse of the coin will tell which it is.The images on the countermarks are of Tanlis Mardates or unknown rulers.

Charakene (gr. Χαρακήνη) - IMHO there is no need to transcribe a Greek κ into English c as the English language has the letter k - was located to the southwest of Elymais on the Persian Gulf and up the Tigris and Euphrates rivers to Apameia. It was a part of the Parthian Empire, how independent is difficult to say for an almost total lack of literature leaves us without any clues. In 228 AD it became part of the Sasanian Empire.

The Indo-Parthian Empire: This section includes drachms and tetradrachms from the Gondopharid dynasty. Actually, the Sanabares AE drachms should have been placed here, but their number persuaded me to list them separately in an earlier chapter, ‘Eastern Parthians’. The group of coins referred to as Indo-Parthians covers a large area from Sakastan (Seistan/Sistan) and Arachiosa on the eastern border of today’s Iran up to Jammu in India’s Himalaya region and Sindh on the Indus river in Pakistan in the 1st cent. AD. The Indo-Parthians had defeated the Indo-Greeks and Indo-Scythians and were then, at the end of the 1st cent. AD, defeated by the Kushans.

Turan, located in western Iran bordering today’s Afghanistan and Pakistan, was a Sasanian vassal. Again, not much is known about this kingdom or principality.

29 files, last one added on Nov 20, 2017

Parthia Related Coins II


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The Kushan Empire
was the result of the southwest migration by one of the five Yuezhi branches at the beginning of the 1st cent. AD from the Ganzou province in western China to what used to be Bactria. Their territory expanded quickly and included most of today’s Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Northern India. The multi-cultural and multi-religious nature of the empire is reflected in the lettering and symbolism on the coinage. In the 3rd cent. the empire broke up into several parts and was finally conquered by the Sasanians who invaded from the west.

The Roman Empire
Not surprisingly the ascending power in the East, the Parthian Empire, became a thorn in the flesh of the established power in the West, the Roman Empire. Hostilities began at the end of Mithradates II reign (the mid-nineties BC) when the Parthians were embroiled in Seleukid civil wars. During the reign of Phraates III (70-57 BC), Rome was at war with Pontos and Armenia, and Phraates was unable to remain neutral. In the ensuing conflict, he lost some territory to the Roman general Pompey. His two sons, Mithradates III and Orodes II killed him in 57 BC and set an example that would bedevil the Parthians throughout their history which abounds in patricide, fratricide, and other types of murder for power.
Mithradates III lost Seleukia to his brother in 54 BC and was killed by him. Orodes II’s general Surena inflicted the most painful defeat on the Romans under Crassus at Carrhae in 53 BC. Not only did the Romans lose 30,000 troops in dead and captured soldiers but they also lost their Legionary Eagles, a devastating moral blow. Marcus Crassus and his son Publius both wound up with their heads cut off. The famous Parthian general Surena did not fare much better: His king, Orodes II, was madly jealous of Surena’s success and had him killed.

At times Parthian troops served as mercenaries for the Romans, e.g. in the power struggle after Caesar’s assassination. The Roman rebel general Labienus and Orodes II’s son Pakoros joined forces in Syria and Asia Minor, but by 38 BC they were defeated and dead. Orodes II is said to have lost his mind about the demise of his favorite son and picked his successor from the dozens of remaining sons: Phraates IV who immediately killed his father, his brothers and their families. Perceiving this as an opportune moment, Mark Antony embarked on a hasty Parthian invasion planning to attack the capital of Media with over 100,000 soldiers. Phraates surprised him from the rear with 40,000 horsemen and killed about 10,000 Romans. Mark Antony retreated. In the ensuing peace negotiations, the Parthians refused to return the Roman legionary standards captured at Carrhae. No treaty was reached, and Mark Antony withdrew after having incurred a loss of 35,000 troops on this ill-fated expedition. In the year 20 BC, the Romans were finally able to celebrate the return of the Legionary Eagles and the remaining Roman prisoners in exchange for a son of Phraates and an Italian slave girl named Musa. Emperor Augustus counted this a a major diplomatic triumph and issued a series of commemorative coins.

In the following decades there were frequent confrontations between the Romans and the Parthians, usually about Armenia which was claimed by both parties. On the whole, the Parthian Empire remained intact though its military leadership was often distracted by trouble in the East, e.g. rebellious Hyrkania, or the growing threat of the Kushans. Then something like a peace between the two foes came about during the reign of Emperor Nero. Things began be be stirred up again with the accession of Trajan to the Roman throne in 98 AD. He led many invasions against the Parthians using Armenia as an excuse and made Armenia a Roman province, occupied Mesopotamia, Babylonia, and Adiabene and progressed all the way to the Persian Gulf. The Parthian king during that time, Osroes I, was too busy with internal strife to assemble an effective army. Eventually he succeeded in doing so and forced the overstretched Romans to withdraw. In 116 AD Trajan had installed a Roman puppet king, Parthamaspates, on the Parthian throne in Ktesiphon. After having been repelled at Hatra, Trajan was preparing for another campaign against the Parthians when he died in 117 AD. His successor Hadrian reversed this policy and abandoned occupied Parthian territory. Rome continued to try and assert its influence by supplying or supporting compliant Parthian throne pretenders who generally did not last long.

The next Roman emperor (or, co-emperor in this case) to be heavily embroiled in battles with the Parthians was Lucius Verus (161-169 AD). He repelled a Parthian invasion of Armenia and Roman Syria, crossed the Euphrates and sacked Ktesiphon and Seleukia. The Romans withdrew but Northern Mesopotamia remained under their rule. Vologases V of Parthia tried to retake it but a revolt by the Iranians in his empire distracted him. In 198 AD Septimius Severus crossed the Euphrates and took Ktesiphon and Seleukia but failed to conquer Hatra. He was forced to withdraw. Vologases’ two sons Vologases VI and Artabanos IV weakened the empire with their never-ending fight for the throne. They were only united in their disdain for the Roman emperor Caracalla. Artabanos IV took a strong army into Roman Mesopotamia and defeated Caracalla’s successor, Macrinus, near Nisibis and extracted an enormous sum from the Romans for a truce. The deeply embarrassed Macrinus had coins minted declaring himself the winner. But the Parthian triumph did not last long. A few years later, in 228 AD, the Parthian Empire was overthrown by its Iranian subjects, the Sasanians.

21 files, last one added on Dec 03, 2017

Parthia Related Coins III


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The Sasanian Empire
existed from 224 AD (the downfall of the Parthian or Arsacid empire) to 650 AD (the Arab invasion). Constant internal and external warfare and a catastrophic outbreak of smallpox had weakened Parthia and its last rulers, the brothers Artabanos IV and Vologases VI. The Roman emperor Caracalla made inroads into Armenia and Media and did his best to further the strife between the brothers. At the same time a Persian family from the region north of Persepolis exploited the Parthian decline by increasing its own power. Their leader, known as Lord Sasan, the custodian of the Zoroastrian fire temple of Anahita at Istakhr killed the local king with the encouragement of his ambitious son Papak and grandsons Ardashir and Shahpur. In 212 AD Ardashir rebelled openly against the (non-Iranian) Parthians claiming that he was the true heir of the Iranian Achaemenids. Shahpur succeeded his father Papak as king in Istakhr but was accidentally killed in Persepolis. Ardashir succeeded Shahpur and within the next 12 years conquered much of Fars and the neighboring regions. In the battle of Hormzdagan on May 28, 224 AD he defeated the Parthian king Artabanos IV and took the title ‘King of Kings of Iran’. Seeing himself as the heir to the Achaemenids, he laid claim to the eastern provinces of the Roman empire and fought successfully against Alexander Severus. During his reign (224-242 AD) he created a powerful second Persian empire - the first having been the Achaemenid empire - a bulwark against invasions from the Central Asian steppe, became a founder of cities, an administrative reformer and modernizer of the military. Sasanian coinage, silver drachms and gold dinars, became famous for the extravagant hairstyles of the rulers depicted on the obverse. The reverses show a fire holder on a platform, usually flanked by two attendants.

Ardashir’s son Shahpur I became sole ruler in 240. He expanded and secured the empire’s western border against the Romans and managed to take the Roman emperor Valerian and his army of 70000 prisoner near Carrhae. All captured soldiers and civilians were deported to Iran and settled there. The empire became multi-national and multi-religious - many of the Sasanian kings exercised tolerance, especially vis-a-vis Jews and Christians. But under Shahpur II the Christians were persecuted as traitors and allies of Rome, now a Christian empire. The Zoroastrian Canon became the state religion. Under Shahpur’s successors the empire was torn by civil strife until 530 AD. The nobility and the clerics had gradually secured considerable prerogatives while the kings were preoccupied with inroads by Hunnic tribes in the east and northeast. The kings Kavad I and Khusrow I managed to re-establish the power of the crown and secure the southern and western borders against the Arabs, Byzantines (502-506) and Romans (527-531). Khusrow I (531-579 AD) fought several wars against Justinian of Byzantium, then concluded a comprehensive peace treaty in 562 AD which enabled him to focus on the northeastern border and defeat the Hephthalite Huns and the Khazars, stop the advance of an emerging power, the Turks, and conquer Yemen. Apart from having devised a new tax system, he was renowned to be a lover of literature and an avid student of philosophy. The historian Nöldeke called him ‘one of the most efficient and best kings the Iranians have ever had’.

After his death chaos and internal strife took over again. Khusrow II (590-628) is said to have amassed immense riches and lived a life of luxury and decadence. To avenge his Byzantine protector Maurice’s murder, he sent his troops as far as Jerusalem and close to Constantinople (616 AD) and all the way to Egypt. Rejecting a peace offer by the new Byzantine emperor, Heraclius, Khusrow’s fortunes turned and after defeats on all fronts against Heraclius, Khusrow’s demoralized troops mutinied and deposed and executed him. His son Kavad II ascended the throne and made peace with Byzantium but began to kill off all his potential rivals. In the ensuing utter chaos and disintegration of the empire, aggravated by a devastating outbreak of the plague, which also killed the king, the end was near. The last king, Yazdegerd III was installed at the age of 8 and was forced to flee from one hiding place to another. Emboldened, external enemies attacked the empire. The Turks, the Khazars, and the Arabs were ravaging the country. Subjugating local rulers, the Islamic Arab armies destroyed the Sasanian empire by 650 AD, Yazdegerd was murdered in hiding.

7 files, last one added on Dec 18, 2017

My Ugliest Parthians


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When you collect Parthian coins you know that they cannot stand up to the gorgeous Greek drachms and tetradrachms as far as beauty is concerned. You are intrigued by the mystery that surrounds this coinage of wild horsemen from the steppes of Central Asia who, after more than 450 years after their appearance in Persia seem to have disappeared from the face of the earth when they lost their empire to the Iranian Sasanians in 242 AD. Yet sometimes you wonder at the sheer ugliness of some of the obverse portraits on their coins. Was their concept of beauty so different from ours or did they just not care about attractive features of their rulers? And did the rulers not care how they were represented on their coinage? Granted, they probably were not aware that 2000 odd years later collectors all over the world would bend over their portraits and shake their heads. Still, some of these coin obverses must have looked a bit off even to a Parthian warrior.

Here are some examples of what I am taking about.

33 files, last one added on Feb 05, 2018

Plate Coins


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16 files, last one added on Jul 05, 2018

My Parthian Tetradrachms


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It seems that in my gallery the most popular coins are the tetradrachms as is indicated by the number of views they have received. In this section I list all of my tetradrachms, those that are in the regular sections arranged by the numerical identifications of David Sellwood, and those I have not uploaded to the gallery because they were acquired at a later time, or less attractive. By doing this I hope to make it easier for visitors to my gallery to view the most appealing coins without having to meander through the individual sections, and I have used the opportunity to take new pictures of some of those coins.

59 files, last one added on Feb 03, 2020

 

17 albums on 1 page(s)

Last additions - Schatz's Gallery
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Parthia -- Artabanos II., 10 - 38 AD1 viewsAR tdr., 14,11gr, 26, 76mm; Sellwood 61.2.; Shore 330 var., Sunrise -;
mint: Seleukia; axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/ 4-strand diadem and 2 loops; medium-long hair in 2 waves, mustache, long tapered beard cut at end; earring, 3-turn necklace; dotted border 8-13:30h;
rev.: king, right, on throne, facing goddess w/palm branch in outstretched hand; above arm ΓOP (ΓOPΠIAIOY?); exergual line; 7-line legend: BACIΛCΩ(C) BACIΛCΩN ΛPCΛK(OY) CYCPΓET(OY) (ΔIKAIOY) (...) (C)ΠIΦANO(YC) (ΦIΛEΛΛHNOC).
SchatzFeb 03, 2020
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Parthia -- Artabanos II., 10 - 38 AD1 viewsAR tdr., 14,74gr, 26, 4mm; Sellwood 61.2.; Shore 330 var., Sunrise -;
mint: Seleukia; axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/ 4-strand diadem, 2 loops and 4 ribbons; medium-long hair in 4 waves, mustache, long tapered beard cut at end; 3-turn necklace; tunic or cuirass;
rev.: king, right, on throne, facing goddess w/palm branch in outstretched hand; above arm ΓOP (ΓOPΠIAIOY?); exergual line; 7-line legend: (BACIΛCΩC) (BACIΛCΩN) (ΛPCΛKOY) (CYCPΓETOY) ΔIKAIOY CTOYC (C)ΠIΦANOYC (ΦIΛ)EΛΛHNOC.
SchatzFeb 03, 2020
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Parthia -- Artabanos II, 10 - 38 AD0 viewsAR tdr., 14,54gr, 26mm; Sellwood 61.1var.; Shore -, Sunrise -;
mint: Seleukia; axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/ 4-strand diadem, 2 loops and 4 ribbons; medium-long hair in 4 waves, mustache, long tapered beard cut at end; earring, 2-turn necklace; tunic w/ornate border;
rev.: king, right, on throne, facing goddess w/palm branch in outstretched hand; above arm BCT; exergual line; 7-line legend: (BACIΛCΩC) BACIΛC(ΩN) (A)PCAKO(Y) CYCPΓETO(Y) ΔIKAIOY (...)OYC(..) (CΠI)ΦANOYC (ΦIΛ)EΛΛH(NOC).
SchatzFeb 03, 2020
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Parthia -- Vonones I., 8 - 12 AD0 viewsAR tdr., 13,81gr, 27,92mm; Sellwood 60.4, Shore 328, Sunrise 406;
mint: Seleukia; axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/ 4-strand diadem, 2 loops and 4 ribbons; medium-long hair in 2 waves, mustache, long tapered beard cut at end; earring, 3-turn necklace; tunic w/ornate border; traces of circular inscription on rim (BACIΛE.. on left, ..ΩNHC on right side);
rev.: winged goddess walking left w/diadem in left hand; below year ΓΚΤ (10 AD), month probably AΠEΛΛAIOV= November; 7-line legend: CΛCIΛ CACIΛE EVEIΓCTo ΔIKΛIo (the bottom line to be read from the inside) month ΠCIΛΛ EΠIΦΛN(reversed)OYC (ΦI)ΛHΛΛ(H)NO(C); signs of overstrike on rev.
SchatzFeb 03, 2020
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Parthia -- Orodes III., 6 - 8 AD1 viewsAR tdr., 14,58gr, 27,25mm; Sellwood 59.1, Shore 327, Sunrise 405;
mint: Seleukia; axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/4-strand diadem and 3 ribbons; medium-long hair in 3 waves, lock on temple, mustache, long tapered beard; 4-turn necklace; cuirass w/star on chest; dotted border 8 to 10h;
rev.: king, left, on throne, w/bow in right hand and spear or staff in left; 7-line legend: (B)ACIΛCΩ(C) BACIΛCΩ(N) APCAK(OY) CVCPΓCTOV (Δ)IKAIO(V) (the bottom line to be read rom the inside), (CΠI)ΦΛNOY(C) (ΦIΛCΛΛHNOΣ off flan); the year ZIT (5 AD) and the month off flan;

ex: New York Sale XXXIV (2015), # 306, (Baldwin’s), ex: The David Sellwood Collection
SchatzFeb 03, 2020
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Parthia -- Phraatakes, 2 BC - 4 AD3 viewsAR tdr, 13,95g, 26,66mm;
mint: Seleukia, Axis: 12h, date: IT = 2/3 AD, no month;
Sellw. 57 type, Shore 314/5, Sunrise - ;
obv.: bare-headed bust, left, w/broad diadem and three ribbons; medium-long hair in five rows of curls, medium-long tapered beard; mustache; three-turn torque,tunic/cuirass w/ornamental border; in upper left and right field goddess offering diadem; dotted border 11-13h;
rev.: king, right, seated on throne, w/bow, below it the letters IT = 2/3 AD, no month; five lines of legend readable: ((BACIΛΕΩC) BACI(ΛΕΩΝ) (APCAKOY) (E)YEPΓΕ(ΤΟΥ) ΔΙΚΑΙΟΥ (to be read from the inside) (E)ΠΙΦΑΝΟΥ(C) (ΦΙ)ΛΕΛΛΗΝΟ(C);

ex: Baldwin's Auction 96, multiple lot (ex: David Sellwood Collection).
SchatzJan 19, 2020
IMGP0224PhrMutdrcombo.jpg
Parthia -- Phraatakes and Musa, 1 - 4 AD7 viewsAR tdr., 12,56gr, 28,1mm; Sellwood 58.1var.(month), Shore 323, Sunrise 403var.;
mint: Seleukia; axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/broad 4 layer diadem and ribbon; at the ribbon end year date BIT(?)=1 AD; short hair in 2 waves, mustache, medium-long tapered beard; wart; earring, multiple necklace; cuirass w/collar adorned by a suite of opposing dashes; traces of goddess in the right and left upper field; legend: BACI ΛEΩ C BACI ΛEΩ N only partially visible; dotted border 8 to 10:30h;
rev.: female head, right, w/tiara and double diadem below, 2 loops and 2 ribbons; the tiara consists of 5 large pearls in a row, above a row of 8 smaller pearls and above them another row of medium-sized pearls - the remainder of the tiara is off the flan; earrings and a pearl necklace, multiple necklace below, 2 more strings of pearls across the breast, the shoulders are covered by a folded robe; between the diadem ribbons and the neck the letters ΔAI=ΔAIΣIOY (May); legend: Θ EAC O(YPANIAC MOYCHC) BACI
Λ ICHC; dotted border 5 to 10h; very dark patina;

2 commentsSchatzJan 19, 2020
IMGP0220Tirtdrcombo.jpg
Parthia -- Phraatakes, 2 BC - 4 AD2 viewsAR tdr., 13,33g, 28,7mm;
mint: Seleukia, axis: 12:30h, date: AIT = 1 BC, month off flan;
Sellw. 57type, Shore - , Sunrise - ;
obv.: bare-headed bust, left, w/broad diadem and three ribbons; medium-long hair in three waves, medium-long shaped beard, mustache; torque; tunic/cuirass; in upper left and right fields goddess;
rev.: double archer (overstrike?), right, w/bow, year AIT = 1 BC below bow; seven-line legend: (B)ACIΛ(EΩC) BACIΛEΩN APCAK(OY) EVERΓET(OY) (Δ)IKAI(OY) (E)ΠIΦANOV(C) (ΦI)ΛΕΛΗΝ(OC).
SchatzJan 19, 2020
IMGP0214Tirtdrcombo.jpg
Parthia -- Phraatakes, 2 BC - 4 AD2 viewsAR tdr., 14,34g, 28,91mm;
mint: Seleukia, axis: 12h, date: AIT = 1 BC, month off flan;
Sellw. 57type, Shore - , Sunrise - ;
obv.: bare-headed bust, left, w, diadem and three ribbons; medium-long hair in three waves, medium-long shaped beard, mustache; torque; royal wart; in upper left field goddess, goddess in upper right field half off flan; dotted border 8 -12:30h;
rev.: archer, right, seated on throne, head and torso slid to the right (broken die?); next to lower leg double year AIT, exergual line; six-line legend: BACIΛEΩ(C) BACIΛEΩN APCAK(OY) EVERΓET(OY) ΔΙΚΑΙΟΥC (ΦΙ)ΛΕΛNOC, month and seventh line off flan.
SchatzJan 19, 2020
IMGP0216Tirtdrcombo.jpg
Parthia -- Phraatakes, 2 BC - 4 AD4 viewsAR tdr, 14,23g, 27,26mm;
mint: Seleukia, axis: 12h, date: AIT = 1 BC, month: ΑVΔΥΝΑΙΟΥ (December);
Sellw. 57.2, Shore - , Sunrise - ;
obv.: bare-headed bust, left, w/diadem and three ribbons; medium-long hair in three rows of curls; bared ear, temple lock, mustache, medium-long tapered beard squared at bottom; four-turn torque, earring; tunic/cuirass w/ornamental border; in upper left goddess w/diadem right field goddess off flan; no royal wart;
rev.: king, right, on throne, w/bow in outstretched hand; below bow vertically AIT; exergual line; seven lines of legend visible: (BACIΛΕΩC) BACIΛΕ(ΩN) (AP)CAK(OY) (EY)EPΓET(OY) ΔΙΚΑΙΟΥ (to be read from inside) AVANAIO(Y) (EΠΙ)ΦΑΝΟΥC (ΦΙΛ)ΕΛΛΗΝΟC;

ex: Baldwin's Auction 96, multiple coin lot (ex: David Sellwood Collection)
SchatzJan 18, 2020
IMGP3651Phraacombo~0.jpg
Parthia -- Phraatakes, 2 BC - 4 AD2 viewsBI tdr., 14,05gr, 28,9mm; Sellwood 57 type, Shore 314var.(month), Sunrise 401 type;
mint: Seleukia; axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/broad 4 layer diadem and 3 ribbons; medium-long hair in 3 waves, mustache, long tapered beard rounded at the end; wart; earring, multiple necklace; tunic/cuirass w/collar adorned by a suite of dashes; goddess in the right and left upper field; dotted border 9 to 13h;
rev.: king, left, seated on throne w/bow in right hand, the year AIT (= 1 BC); 7-line legend: (BACIΛEΩΣ) BACIΛ(EΩN) (APΣAKOY) EVEPΓET(OY) ΔIKAIOY OCITP (E)ΠIΦΛNOVC (ΦIΛ)EΛΛHNOC; exergual line.
SchatzJan 18, 2020
IMGP0222Tirtdrcombo.jpg
Parthia -- Phraatakes, 2 BC - 4 AD5 viewsBI tdr., 9,66gr; 25,5mm; Sellw. 57.10-12 , Shore -, Sunrise -;
mint: Seleukia; axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/4-strand diadem; medium-long hair in 5 rows of curls, mustache, med.-long pointed beard; 3-layer necklace (w/1 strange interrupted line running above and across); tunic/cuirass w/ornamental border; in upper left field goddess w/diadem, goddess in right field off flan; dotted border 10 to 13h.
rev.: king, right, on throne w/bow in outstretched right hand; below the year AIT = 1 AD; pellet between throne legs; exergual line; 6 lines of legend visible: (BΛCIΛEΩC) BΛCIΛE(ΩN) (ΛP)CΛK(OY) EYEPΓETO(Y) ΔIKΛIOV, no month, (E)ΠIΦΛNOVC (ΦIΛE)ΛΛHNO(C);

A Sellwood 1980 plate coin (57.10);

ex: Baldwin’s Auction 96 (09/15), multiple coin lot (ex David Sellwood Collection); Michael Mitchiner, ACW, p. 116, #601, plate coin.
1 commentsSchatzJan 18, 2020

Random files - Schatz's Gallery
IMGP3722Vol1tdrcombo.jpg
Vologases I. 51 - 54/55 AD (first reign)21 viewsBI tdr., 14,06gr; 27,63mm; Sellw. 68.7 , Shore 370, Sunrise 419; Sinisi type I/1(1a), pp56ff.
mint: Seleukia; axis: 12h; date: Juli/August 52 AD;
obv.: bare-headed, head turned to the left, w/ diadem of 2 broad strands and 2 broad ribbons; medium-long hair in 4 rows of curls, mustache, short beard; 3-layer necklace w/ central medallion; tunic/cuirass w/ornamental border; dotted border 9 to 15;
rev.: king,left, on throne receiving diadem from facing goddess; between the heads the year ΓXT= 52 AD; exergual line; 5 lines of legend visible: (BACIΛEΩC) (B)ACI(ΛEΩN) (APCAKOY) (EYEPΓETOY) ΔIKAIOY(to be read from inside) ΩΛOI(OY) EΠIΦANOY(C) (ΦIΛ)EΛΛHNO(C);

ex: Pars Coins, CA.
Schatz
IMGP3805ElAEtdrcombo2.jpg
Elymais -- Uncertain King, late 1st cent. BC to early 1st cent. AD28 viewsAE tdr., 13,05gr, 29,8mm;
Van’t Haaff 10.3.1-1Aa, Alram p.146, #466;
mint: Seleukia on the Hedyphon, axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/2-strand diadem and 2 ribbons; hair protruding from under diadem, elongated hair bunch in back of neck, mustache, long curly beard squared off at the end; earring, torque; cuirass; in right
field 2-bar anchor, star and crescent above; border 12 - 15:30h;
rev: bare-headed bust, left, w/diadem and short beard, surrounded by 4 lines of letters the top one being BACIΛEΩC;

ex: Najaf Coins, CAN.
Schatz
IMGP3333Orod2combo.jpg
Orodes II., 57 - 38 BC11 viewsAR dr., 4,04gr, 20mm; Sellwood 45.14, Shore 225, Sunrise 364;
mint: Mithradatkart; axis: 14h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/broad diadem, knot and 2 or 3 ribbons; medium-long hair in 5 waves, mustache, short beard in 3 rows of curls; multi-turn torque ending in steep rise w/double pellet finial; wart at the base of the nostril; dotted border 9 to 13h;
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in one vise-like hand and monogram below; 7 line legend, mostly garbled;

ex: H. Lanz, Germany.
Schatz