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Early Parthians I


Silver tetradrachms, drachms, bronzes, and fractions from Arsakes I to Bagasis, with the attributions of David Sellwood, the Coinage of Parthia, Farhad Assar, and Fred Shore, Parthian Coins and History. Attributions of Parthian coins are in flux now. For convenience's sake I will stick with the Sellwood system for my gallery.

54 files, last one added on Dec 26, 2016

Early Parthians II


Silver and bronze tetradrachms, drachms and chalkoi from Artabanos I. to the end of the reign of Mithradates II. I follow the David Sellwood attributions from 1980 regarding the sequence of the rulers. Fred Shore and Farhad Assar are also consulted for attributions. Deviations from Sellwood are noted in the description of the coins.

78 files, last one added on Jan 15, 2017

Parthian Dark Age I


The period of about 90 BC (the end of the reign of Mithradates II.) and circa 57 BC (the established rule of Orodes II.) is referred to as the 'Dark Age' because of the number of rulers, co-rulers, an sub-kings and shifts of territory. Attributions are uncertain, new theories and sources are currently published. Again, for reasons of convenience, the Sellwood system ist used as a guide line, but other interpretations are mentioned in the descriptions of the coins.

54 files, last one added on Sep 13, 2016

Parthian Dark Age II


Drachms and bronzes of Dareios of Media Atropatene, Phraates III., and one of his sons and killers, Mithradates III. to the time of the latter's death at the hands of his brother, Orodes II. in ca. 54 BC. An S. 44.1 tetradrachm which belongs most likely to the coinage of Mithradates III. is shown under the heading of Orodes II. in the following album to remain consistent with David Sellwood's attributions.

41 files, last one added on Jan 15, 2017

Middle Parthian Period I


I begin with Orodes II., victorious over the Romans at Carrhae, Phraates IV., the usurper Tiridates, and Phraatakes, the latter famous for having married his mother. Patricide, fratricide, and filicide are rampant. The coin quality begins to deteriorate, metallurgically and artistically, and correct Greek legends become the exception. Only few drachms reach the Attic weight standard any longer. Phraatakes' drachms from eastern mints have cartoon-like obverses and reverses that no longer have identifiable letters.
Little did I realize how many Orodes coins had accumulated over the years, so I will break up the period into as many albums as I need. Middle Parthian Period II picks up with Phraates IV.

73 files, last one added on Sep 08, 2016

Middle Parthian Period II


Middle Parthian Period II opens with Phraates IV, and continues with Tiridates, Phraatakes, and Phraatakes and Musa. Coin quality is in rapid decline, most of the Eastern mints appear to have no skilled celators. Artistically, the tetradrachms still stand out as do a few drachm issues mainly from Ekbatana and Rhagai.

70 files, last one added on Sep 11, 2016

Middle Parthian Period III


This section begins with Orodes III (6-8 AD) and shows the ever deteriorating coinage of the following rulers until Pakoros II (78 - 105 AD). On the drachms, the portraits consist more and more of straight lines and dots. The tetradrachms are really made of billon metal, no longer of high grade silver. The Eastern mints put out greater quantities of drachms, albeit usually of low quality metal and design. Copper drachms appear, always from Eastern mints. New attributions are mentioned, but the old Sellwood system is maintained for the time being.

79 files, last one added on Jan 15, 2017

Late Parthians I


Find tetradrachms, drachms and some fractions in these two sections that begin with Pakoros II. and end with the last Parthian kings Artabanos IV. and Vologases VI. and a presumed prince named Tiridates. Most of these coins no longer bear any resemblance to the fine design and workmanship of the Early Period that was dominated by Greek artisans. Their quality is a reflection of the problems of the empire and its rulers, the shaky alliances and costly conflicts with Rome, ongoing internecine struggles, and sales and losses of territory. One notes flickers of quality in the drachms and bronzes of Osroes I., Vologases V., Artabanos IV., and Vologases VI. before the Parthian Empire collapses around 228 AD and is taken over by an indigenous Iranian power, the Sassanians under Ardashir I.

55 files, last one added on Sep 29, 2016

Late Parthians II


The drachms of Mithradates IV. lead the second part of this last section of my Parthian coins. They still show some quality of metal and design, but the steep downward curve continues with most of the tetradrachms of Vologases IV., and all of those of Vologases V. and VI. In some of the late drachms, again, we can still find artistic skill, especially with Vologases V., VI., Artabanos IV., and the mysterious Prince Tiridates.

71 files, last one added on Jan 15, 2017

Eastern Parthians


As far as I know, three Parthian kings had bronze drachms minted in Areia and Margiane when they held or were confined to the eastern provinces of the Parthian Empire. Some other rulers minted the odd bronze drachm, but their number is negligible. The bulk of these coins were issued by Artabanos II., 10 - 38 AD, Vardanes I., 40 - 45 AD, and Vologases III., 105 - 147 AD. These drachms are of lesser artistic value; nevertheless, they are of some numismatic and historical interest. One can speculate why these rulers issued AE drachms: Was silver so rare in the East, were they in such dire streets that they could not afford silver, or were the lesser drachms meant to be an interim solution. The die cutters were certainly not first rate, and all of their products seem to have been made in haste.
The Sanabares on my AE drachms is most likely a Parthian prince or sub king who ruled in one of the Eastern provinces of the empire in what is now Turkmenistan (Margiane = Merv) around 125 AD. He is probably not identical with an Indo-Parthian ruler of the same name who struck coins in Seistan ( = Sakastan in Eastern Iran) and Arachiosa (in today’s Afghanistan) and belongs to the Gondopharan dynasty. There is great confusion in the literature, some authors think that there was just one Sanabares from the Gondophares line, an Indo-Parthian, in the province of Seistan. Dates are uncertain, too, they range between the first and third century AD.

55 files, last one added on Nov 06, 2016



This semi-independent state frequently under Parthian domination existed between the second century BC and the early third century AD. It was located in southwestern Persia in what the Achaemenides called Khustestan. Strabo describes its inhabitants, the 'Elymaei', as one of the four predatory tribes of the region. As capitals the cities of Susa and Seleukia on the Hedyphon took turns. According to Le Rider, the Elymaean king Kamnaskires I. (Soter) established himself as ruler of Susiana during a period of diminished Seleukid control. He was followed by Kamnaskires Nikephoros, usurpers like Okkonapses, Tigraios, and Dareios, and the Parthian viceroy Phraates II. At around 82/81 BC the Later Kamnaskirids take over with Kamnaskires III. and his queen Anzaze. Their beautiful tetradrachm (which, unfortunately, I do not own) was minted in Seleukia on the Hedyphon. During the reign of Kamnaskires IV. (63/62 - 54/53 BC) the quality of the silver coins deteriorates drastically. The Greek legends of his successor, Kamnaskires V., are illegible. Bronze drachms begin to replace silver in around 60 AD, dates are no longer used, and reverses begin to show mere dashes. At around that time, a new dynasty, which is believed to be Parthian, appears with Orodes I. His drachms still show a Greek legend which is gradually abandoned under his son, Kamnaskires Orodes, in favor of Aramaic. His successor, Phraates (early mid-second cent.), is the last ruler that can be dated with a measure of certainty. He is followed by Osroes, Orodes III., Orodes IV., Orodes V., Prince A and Prince B, and an even less known Unidentified King (Van't Haaff). In 221 AD, the Sassanian king Ardashir conquers Khusestan and puts an end to Elymaean coinage.

59 files, last one added on Apr 08, 2017

Parthia Related Coins I


This group consists of coins that existed in and around, before and after the Parthian Empire. They include currency from the Achaemenid Empire (1), Persis, Charakene, the Roman Empire, an intriguing group of 5 Daoi (Dahai) hemidrachms and obols, Kushans, Hephtalites, as well as Indo-Parthians with a batch of copper drachms presumably from the Jammu/Kashmir region. Unfortunately I do not have any Seleukid coins.

The Achaemenid Empire (7th to 4th cent. BC) was one of the greatest empires in ancient history. During its largest expanse it reached from the Aegean coast to the Hindukush, from the Central Asian steppes to the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Sea. As there was no prevailing coin economy outside the Aegean provinces no currency system was developed in the Iranian heartland where the simple lumpy gold and silver coins showing a running king were minted at Sardes.

Persis was the province of Fars in the southeast of today’s Iran and politically and strategically rather unimportant during Parthian times, which is why it retained a relative autonomy. Coins made from the early 3rd cent. BC to the end of the 2nd cent. AD were probably only intended for local use. Three distinct periods of coin production with intermittent suspension of coinage can be seen: phase 1 begins with the death of Seleukos Nikator around 280 BC and ends around 220 BC with the invasion of Antiochos III in Media; phase 2 begins with the defeat of Antiochos III in 190 BC and ends with the Parthian conquest of Mesopotamia and Susiana in 140 BC; phase 3 begins in the 90s BC and lasts until the accession of Papak’s sons, Shahpur and Ardashir, to the throne and the defeat of the Parthian Empire in 228 AD. Ardashir becomes the first Sassanian king thus re-establishing Iranian rule over areas that used to be the Achaemenid Empire.

The Daoi, or Dahae in Latin, were a confederation of three Indo-European, possibly Skythian, but not Indo-Iranian, tribes, one of which were the Parni located in what is today’s Turkmenistan. They took to the road in the 3rd cent. BC and moved to the southwest, invaded and settled the Persian province of Parthava whence they took their name as they usurped more and more territory of the crumbling Seleukid Empire. Their leader Arshak (Gr. Arsakes) became the first Parthian king after a revolt against the Seleukid Emperor Antiochos II.Theos.

Countermarked Parthians
In Sakastan between the 1st cent. BC and the 1st cent. AD, a number of genuine and imitation Parthian drachms, primarily of Gotarzes, Orodes I., Orodes II., and Phraates IV. were countermarked with a stamp in the shoulder area of the host coins. These marks were either integrated in the die or applied to the outside of the host coin’s flan - a glance at the reverse of the coin will tell which it is.The images on the countermarks are of Tanlis Mardates or unknown rulers.

Charakene (gr. Χαρακήνη) - IMHO there is no need to transcribe a Greek κ into English c as the English language has the letter k - was located to the southwest of Elymais on the Persian Gulf and up the Tigris and Euphrates rivers to Apameia. It was a part of the Parthian Empire, how independent is difficult to say for an almost total lack of literature leaves us without any clues. In 228 AD it became part of the Sasanian Empire.

The Indo-Parthian Empire: This section includes drachms and tetradrachms from the Gondopharid dynasty. Actually, the Sanabares AE drachms should have been placed here, but their number persuaded me to list them separately in an earlier chapter, ‘Eastern Parthians’. The group of coins referred to as Indo-Parthians covers a large area from Sakastan (Seistan/Sistan) and Arachiosa on the eastern border of today’s Iran up to Jammu in India’s Himalaya region and Sindh on the Indus river in Pakistan in the 1st cent. AD. The Indo-Parthians had defeated the Indo-Greeks and Indo-Scythians and were then, at the end of the 1st cent. AD, defeated by the Kushans.

Turan, located in western Iran bordering today’s Afghanistan and Pakistan, was a Sasanian vassal. Again, not much is known about this kingdom or principality.

29 files, last one added on Nov 20, 2017

Parthia Related Coins II


The Kushan Empire was the result of the southwest migration by one of the five Yuezhi branches at the beginning of the 1st cent. AD from the Ganzou province in western China to what used to be Bactria. Their territory expanded quickly and included most of today’s Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Northern India. The multi-cultural and multi-religious nature of the empire is reflected in the lettering and symbolism on the coinage. In the 3rd cent. the empire broke up into several parts and was finally conquered by the Sasanians who invaded from the west.

The Roman Empire: Not surprisingly the ascending power in the East, the Parthian Empire, became a thorn in the flesh of the established power in the West, the Roman Empire. Hostilities began at the end of Mithradates II reign (the mid-nineties BC) when the Parthians were embroiled in Seleukid civil wars. During the reign of Phraates III (70-57 BC), Rome was at war with Pontos and Armenia, and Phraates was unable to remain neutral. In the ensuing conflict, he lost some territory to the Roman general Pompey. His two sons, Mithradates III and Orodes II killed him in 57 BC and set an example that would bedevil the Parthians throughout their history which abounds in patricide, fratricide, and other types of murder for power.
Mithradates III lost Seleukia to his brother in 54 BC and was killed by him. Orodes II’s general Surena inflicted the most painful defeat on the Romans under Crassus at Carrhae in 53 BC. Not only did the Romans lose 30,000 troops in dead and captured soldiers but they also lost their Legionary Eagles, a devastating moral blow. Marcus Crassus and his son Publius both wound up with their heads cut off. The famous Parthian general Surena did not fare much better: His king, Orodes II, was madly jealous of Surena’s success and had him killed.

At times Parthian troops served as mercenaries for the Romans, e.g. after the power struggle after Caesar’s assassination. The Roman rebel general Labienus and Orodes II’s son Pakoros joined forces in Syria and Asia Minor, but by 38 BC they were defeated and dead. Orodes II is said to have lost his mind about the demise of his favorite son and picked his successor from the dozens of remaining sons: Phraates IV who immediately killed his father, his brothers and their families. Perceiving this as an opportune moment, Mark Antony embarked on a hasty Parthian invasion planning to attack the capital of Media with over 100,000 soldiers. Phraates surprised him from the rear with 40,000 horsemen and killed about 10,000 Romans. Mark Antony retreated. In the ensuing peace negotiations, the Parthians refused to return the Roman legionary standards captured at Carrhae. No treaty was reached, and Mark Antony withdrew after having incurred a loss of 35,000 troops on this ill-fated expedition. In the year 20 BC, the Romans were finally able to celebrate the return of the Legionary Eagles and the remaining Roman prisoners in exchange for a son of Phraates and an Italian slave girl named Musa. Emperor Augustus counted this a a major diplomatic triumph and issued a series of commemorative coins.

In the following decades there were frequent confrontations between the Romans and the Parthians, usually about Armenia which was claimed by both parties. On the whole, the Parthian Empire remained intact though its military leadership was often distracted by trouble in the East, e.g. rebellious Hyrkania, or the growing threat of the Kushans. Then something like a peace between the two foes came about during the reign of Emperor Nero. Things began be be stirred up again with the accession of Trajan to the Roman throne in 98 AD. He led many invasions against the Parthians using Armenia as an excuse and made Armenia a Roman province, occupied Mesopotamia, Babylonia, and Adiabene and progressed all the way to the Persian Gulf. The Parthian king during that time, Osroes I, was too busy with internal strife to assemble an effective army. Eventually he succeeded in doing so and forced the overstretched Romans to withdraw. In 116 AD Trajan had installed a Roman puppet king, Parthamaspates, on the Parthian throne in Ktesiphon. After having been repelled at Hatra, Trajan was preparing for another campaign against the Parthians when he died in 117 AD. His successor Hadrian reversed this policy and abandoned occupied Parthian territory. Rome continued to try and assert its influence by supplying or supporting compliant Parthian throne pretenders who generally did not last long.

The next Roman emperor (or, co-emperor in this case) to be heavily embroiled in battles with the Parthians was Lucius Verus (161-169 AD). He repelled a Parthian invasion of Armenia and Roman Syria, crossed the Euphrates and sacked Ktesiphon and Seleukia. The Romans withdrew but Northern Mesopotamia remained under their rule. Vologases V of Parthia tried to retake it but a revolt by the Iranians in his empire distracted him. In 198 AD Septimius Severus crossed the Euphrates and took Ktesiphon and Seleukia but failed to conquer Hatra. He was forced to withdraw. Vologases’ two sons Vologases VI and Artabanos IV weakened the empire with their never-ending fight for the throne. They were only united in their disdain for the Roman emperor Caracalla. Artabanos IV took a strong army into Roman Mesopotamia and defeated Caracalla’s successor, Macrinus, near Nisibis and extracted an enormous sum from the Romans for a truce. The deeply embarrassed Macrinus had coins minted declaring himself the winner. But the Parthian triumph did not last long. A few years later, in 228 AD, the Parthian Empire was overthrown by its Iranian subjects, the Sasanians.

21 files, last one added on Dec 03, 2017


13 albums on 1 page(s)

Last additions - Schatz's Gallery
Roman Empire: Augustus, 27 BC - 14 AD12 viewsRoman Empire: Augustus, 27 BC - 14 AD,
AR denarius, 3,89gr, 17,43mm;
RIC I, 288; BMCRE 14; RSC 484;
mint: Rome, P. Petronius Turpilianus, moneyer, date: 18 BC, axis: 12 h;
Obv.: diademed and draped bust of Feronia, right w/pearl necklace; legend: TVRPILIANVS III VIR, and: FE ROV in exergue;
rev.: Parthian, neeling right, on exergual line, in typical Parthian attire, presenting Roman standard w/attached x-marked vellum; legend: CAESAR AVGVSTVS SIGN RECE;
1 commentsSchatzDec 03, 2017
Roman Empire: Lucius Verus, 161 - 169 AD8 viewsAR denarius, 3,51gr, 18,7mm;
mint: Rome, date: 166 AD, axis: 13h;
RIC III, 548;
obv.: laureate bust, right, w/1 loop and 2 ribbons,; long curly beard, mustache, curly short hair; legend: LVERUS AVG ARM PARTH MAX; dotted border 6 - 10;
rev: Parthian captive, seated right, hands tied behind back, at feet quiver, bow, and weapons; exergual line; legend: TR P VI IMP III COS II; dotted border 2 - 10;

ex: Aeternitas Numismatics, ESP.
SchatzDec 03, 2017
Roman Empire, Lucius Verus, 161 - 169 AD 5 viewsAR denarius, 3,33gr, 18,6mm;
RIC 561 (M. Aur.), BMCRE 426 (M. Aur.), RSC 126;
mint: Rome, Date: 166AD, axis: 12h;
obv.: laureate bust, right, w/loop and 2 ribbons; long curly beard, mustache; legend: LVERVS AVG ARM PART MAX; dotted border 7 - 11h;
rev.: Pax standing left on exergual line, holding olive branch and cornucopia, in left hand part of garment?; legend: TR P VI IMP IIII COS II, in exergue PAX; dotted border 8 - 17;

ex: Agora Auctions, sale 65, # 182; ex: H. Berk.
SchatzDec 03, 2017
Roman Empire: Lucius Verus, 161 - 169 AD5 viewsAR denarius, 2,83gr, 17,65mm;
RIC 566;
mint: Rome, axis: 18h;
obv.: laureate bust, right, w/loop and 2 ribbons; mustache, med.-long curly beard, short curly hair; legend: LVERVS AVG ARM PART MAX; dotted border 2 - 8:30 h;
rev.: Victory standing, right, w/ palm branch in right hand, placing shield inscribed VIC PAR on palm tree; exergual line; legend: TR P VI IMP IIII COS II; dotted border 2 - 4h;
SchatzDec 03, 2017
Roman Empire: Septimius Severus, 193 - 211 AD 5 viewsAR denarius, 2,94gr, 19,4mm;
mint: Rome, year: 201 AD
RIC IV 176, RSC III 370, BMCRE V 256;
obv.: laureate bust, right, w/bow and 2 ribbons; mustache, short beard w/twirled points, short hair in curls; legend: SEVERVS PIVS AVG; dotted border 5 - 15h;
rev.: trophy w/captured weapons on exergual line, at its base 2 captives w/felt caps, 1 Parthian, 1 Armenian (?) facing outwards and supporting their heads w/their arms; legend: PART MAX P M TR P VIII; dotted border 4 - 12h;

ex: Forum Ancient Coins.
SchatzDec 03, 2017
Roman Empire: Septimius Severus, 193 - 211 AD4 viewsAR denarius, 2,98gr, 17,42mm;
RIC IV, 62 (S), RSC III, 363, BMCRE V, p.40, 118, Hunter III, 14, SRCV II, 6322;
mint: Rome, year: 195 AD, axis: 18h;
obv.: laureate bust, right, w/bow and 2 ribbons; short curly hair, mustache, med.-log beard w/2 twirled ends; legend: SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMPV;
rev.: 2 Parthian captives sitting back to back on round shields, hands tied behind their backs; exergual line; legend: PART ARAB PART ADIAB, in exergue COS II PP;

ex: Forum Ancient Coins.
SchatzDec 03, 2017
Roman Empire: Septimius Severus, 193 - 211 AD4 viewsAR denarius, 3,31gr, 18,03mm;
RIC IV-1, 514, RSC 741;
mint: Laodicea, date 198/9;
obv.: laureate bust, right, w/bow and 2 ribbons; short curly hair, curly medium-long beard w/2 twirled ends; legend: ... IMP XI PART MAX; dotted border 12 - 18h;
rev.: Victory, left, w/standard and palm branch in left, wreath in right extended hand on exergual line; small kneeling Parthian captive in front of her; legend: VICT PARTHICA; dotted border 7 - 12h.
SchatzDec 03, 2017
Roman Empire: Septimius Severus, 193 - 211 AD4 viewsAR denarius, 3,55 gr, 18,62mm;
RIC 295, RSC 744, Sear 6372;
mint: Rome, year: 204 AD
obv.: laureate bust, right, w/bow and 2 ribbons; short curly hair, medium-long beard w/2 twirled ends; legend inside complete dotted border: SEVERVS PIVS AVG;
rev.: striding winged Victory on exergual line, left, holding palm branch in left and wreath in extended right hand; legend: VIC PART MAX; almost complete dotted border.
SchatzDec 03, 2017
Roman Empire: Caracalla, 198 - 217 D4 viewsAR denarius, 3,28gr, 19,33mm;
RIC IV-1, 54b, RSC 175, BMCRE 262-3;
mint: Rome; year: 201 AD;
obv: laureate draped bust, right, w/bow and 2 ribbons, short hair, beardless; dotted border 9 -17h; legend: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG;
rev.: trophy w/2 raised shields on exergual line, facing, w/2 sitting Parthian prisoners on each side; legend: PART MAX PONT RP IIII; dotted border 7 - 11h and 12:30 - 17h
SchatzDec 03, 2017
Roman Empire: Caracalla, 198 - 217 AD;6 viewsAR denarius, 3,08gr, 18,52mm;
RIC IV-1, 144; C 658;
mint: Rome, year: 201 AD;
obv.: laureate draped bust, right, w/bow and 2 ribbons; short hair, beardless; legend: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG; complete dotted border;
rev.: Victoria striding, left, holding wreath in right and palm branch in left hand, on exergual line, legend: VICT PART MAX; dotted border 6 -13h.
SchatzDec 03, 2017
Roman Empire: Trajan, 98 - 117 AD4 viewsAE dupond., 15,8gr, 28,9mm;
RIC II, 676;
mint: Rome, axis: 18h;
obv.: radiate draped bust, right; beardless face, short hair; legend around rim: IMP CAES NERV TRAIANO (OPTIMO AVG GER DAC PARTHICO PM TR P COS VI PP);
rev.: emperor in soldier’s attire holding 2 trophies; legend around rim: SENATUS POPULUSQUE ROMANUM, and in exergue SC;
dark patina;

ex: Lanz, GER.
SchatzNov 20, 2017
Roman Empire: Trajan, 98 - 117 AD;4 viewsAE sest., 27,14gr, 33,57mm;
RIC II, 642, Woytek 590v, Banti 29;
mint: Rome, axis: 6h;
obv.: beardless draped bust , right, w/laurel wreath, surrounded by legend IMP CAES NERV TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC PARTHICO P M TR P COS VI P P;
rev.: Trajan, laureate and in military attire, standing right and holding reversed spear and parazonium; around his feet Mesopotamia sitting left, head right, and Euphrates and Tigris sitting facing each other, holding reeds and leaning against inverted urn from which water flows; black patina;

ex: CNG e-Auction 398, # 522.
SchatzNov 20, 2017
Roman Empire: Trajan, 98 - 117 AD8 viewsAE sest., 23,23gr., 32,9mm;
BMC 1046, Coh. 328, RIC 667, MIR 594;
mint: Rome, axis: 12h;
obv.: beardless draped bust, right, w/laurel wreath, surrounded by legend IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC PARTHICO P M TR P COS VI P P;
rev.: king seated on sella castrensis on a dais w/ guard behind him, crowning Parthamaspates w/diadem and presenting him to the kneeling Parthia; legend on top half of rim REX PARTHIS DATUS, and in exergue SC;

ex: Künker Auctions 236-239, #1046; ex: Künker Auction 174, # 780.
1 commentsSchatzNov 20, 2017
Kushan: Huvishka, ca. 151 - 190 AD5 viewsAE unit, 11,4gr, 25,15mm;
MK 836, ANS Kushan 900, Donum Burns - ; AICR 1211 (this coin illustr.), MACW 3305 (?);
mint: Kapisha (Bagram ?), axis: 12h;
obv.: king, facing, w/necklace, reclining on couch, radiate torso;
rev.: goddess Mao standing left, extending hand in benediction (?) and holding hilt of sword; in short tunic and cape (?), halo (?); tamgha in left field, MAO in right field;

ex: CNG e-Auction 409, # 382; ex: Dr.Wilfried Pieper Collection.
SchatzNov 20, 2017
Kushan: Huvishka, ca. 151 - 190 AD5 viewsAE unit, 9,83gr., 23,7mm;
MK 911, Donum Burns 375, MACW 3290;
mint: ? , axis: 12h;
obv.: king, riding elephant, right, w/tiara, holding trident and goad, legend of round letters on rim;
rev.: god (Pharro?) standing left, w/halo, holding diadem and scepter, in short tunic; tamgha below diadem; legend on left rim: OΠ9O;

ex: CNG e-Auction, # 385; ex: Dr. Wilfried Pieper Collection.
SchatzNov 20, 2017
Kushan: Kanishka, ca. 127 - 152 AD5 viewsAE unit, 8,53gr, 22,4mm; early series before language change;
MACW 3071, AICR 1191, MK 767, ANS Kushan 403-6, Donum Burns 146-7;
mint: Kapisha (Bagram ?), axis: 12h;
obv.: king w/tiara, standing left, w/long beard in long tunic/coat, holding goad and standard, sacrificing over altar; flame at shoulder; Greek legend : BACIΛEVC ... KOY;
rev.: goddess Nanaia standing right, w/diadem and bun in back of nack, 2 long ribbons in back, holding scepter and box; NANAIA in left field; tamgha in right field; dotted border 6:30 - 15h;

ex: CNG e-Auction 409, # 374; ex: Dr. Wilfried Pieper Collection.
SchatzNov 20, 2017

Random files - Schatz's Gallery
Mithradates II. 121- 91 BC 53 viewsAR tdr., 16,01gr, 29,9mm; Sellwood 23.2, Shore --, Sunrise 280 (Arsakes X., 122-121 BC);
mint: Seleukia, axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, right, w/diadem, knot and 2 ribbons; short cap-like hair in 5 waves, very short beard; earring, multi-turn torque; reel-and-pellet border 10 to 7h;
rev.: goddess (Demeter?) left, on throne, w/winged goddess offering diadem on outstretched right hand, cornucopia in left arm; 4-line legend in 2+2 format: BAΣIΛEΩΣ APΣAKOY EΠiΦANOYΣ (Φ)IΛEΛΛHNOΣ 2 symbols below exergual line: TV and composite monogram;

ex: David Sellwood Collection (The New York Sale XXXIV, Baldwin's).
1 commentsSchatz
Vologases IV., 147 - 191 AD17 viewsAR dr., 3,74gr, 19mm; Sellwood 84.129., Shore 434var.. , Sunrise 452var. ;
mint: Ekbatana ; axis: 12h;
obv.: head, left, w/tiara, 4-strand diadem, 2 loops, and 3 ribbons; tiara decorated w/pellets on stalks over crest and long ear flaps; long beard of vertical lines w/squared-off tip, mustache; earring, 3-layer necklace; complete dotted border;
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in one outstretched hand, mint monogram below, dot above bow; under the right thigh Δ for leg and foot; throne back has 3 cross bars; top line of legend king’s name in Pahlavi/Aramaic, then 5 lines of garbled Greek legend: ⧠IIΛII??, next line illegible, ΛXIΛ⧠V VIIΓ.ITO EΠXΛNOV TXΛIΛΛH⧠;

ex: H. Hass, GER.
Vologases I., 59 - 78 AD (second reign)15 viewsBI tdr., 14,06gr; 26,87mm; Sellw. 68.7 , Shore 371var., Sunrise -; Sinisi type II/2(1b), p.58,59;
mint: Seleukia; axis: 12h; date: 65/66AD (month illegible);
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/ 4-strand diadem, 1 loop and 2 ribbons; medium-long hair in 4 waves, mustache, short pointed beard; 3-layer necklace; tunic/cuirass w/ornamental border; dotted border 9:30 to 14:30;
rev.: king,left, on throne receiving palm branch from facing goddess; between the heads the year ZOT; exergual line; 5 lines of legend visible: (BACIΛEΩC) BACI(ΛEΩN) (APCAKOY) (EY)EPΓET(OY) ΔIKAIOY (illegible) EΠIΦANOYC (ΦI)ΛEΛΛHNOC;

ex: Roman Coins, UK.
Unknown King, 80 - 77 BC16 viewsAR dr., 4,02gr, 20,1mm; Sellwood 30.22, Shore 142 (Orodes I.), Sunrise 316 (Arsakes XVI. 78/7-62/1);
mint: Traxiane, axis: 12h;
obv.: bare-headed, left, w/broad diadem, 2 knots and 2 ribbons; medium-long hair in 4 waves, mustache, short beard; multi-turn torque w/single pellet finial; complete bust;
rev.: archer, right, on throne, w/bow in right hand; 6-line legend: BAΣIΛEΩΣ TPAΞIANΗ MEΓAΛoV APΣAKoV θEoΠAToPoΣ EVEPΓEToV; exergual line;

ex: CNG eAuction 229.