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Trajan - Optimus Princeps


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99 files, last one added on Apr 18, 2019

Nerva


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14 files, last one added on May 09, 2018

Hadrian


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10 files, last one added on May 25, 2016

Roman Coinage


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48 files, last one added on Jan 19, 2019

4 albums on 1 page(s)

Last additions - Optimo Principi's Gallery
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Trajan Denarius - Vesta Seated (RIC 9)5 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 98-99 AD
3.52g

Obv: Laureate head of Trajan (R), wearing aegis.
MP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM

Rev: Vesta seated (L), holding patera and torch.
PM TRP COS II PP

RIC 9; BMC 26; RSC 203

Roma Numismatics E-Sale 55, Lot 756, 18/04/19
ex. Michael Kelly Collection of Roman Silver Coins
ex. Numismatica Ars Classica 40, Lot 696, 16/05/07
1 commentsOptimo PrincipiApr 18, 2019
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Trajan Denarius - Victory Sacrificing over Altar (RIC 67)15 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 102 AD
3.46g

Obv: Laureate head of Trajan (R)
IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM

Rev: Victory standing (L), holding palm frond, sacrificing out of patera over lit and garlanded altar to left.
PM TRP COS IIII PP

RIC 67; Woytek 131a; BMC 125; RSC 248a

Roma Numismatics Auction XVII, Lot 736, 28/03/19
ex. Michael Kelly Collection of Roman Silver Coins
2 commentsOptimo PrincipiMar 29, 2019
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L. Papius Denarius Serratus (2) - Juno Sospita with Griffin (Crawf. 384/1) 20 viewsAR Denarius
Rome, 79 BC
3.84g

Obv: Head of Juno Sospita right, wearing goat's skin; symbol (tall cup) behind

Rev: Griffin springing right; symbol (one handled jug) below; L• PAPI in exergue.

Crawford 384/1; RSC Papia 1, Grueber type 11

Roma Numismatics E-Sale 52, Lot 679
From the R.C. Vermeer Collection;
Naville Numismatics 34, 17 September 2017, lot 422.
ex. Elvira Clain Stefanelli (1914-2001) collection, curator of the National Numismatics Collection at the Smithsonian
3 commentsOptimo PrincipiJan 19, 2019
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Anonymous Roma Denarius - Dioscuri Galloping (Syd 311)24 viewsAR Denarius
Rome, after 211 BC
4.21g

Obv: Helmeted head of Roma (R), behind, X.

Rev: The Dioscuri galloping (R); below, ROMA in linear frame.

Sydenham 311. RBW –. Crawford 53/2.

Naville Numismatics Auction 45, Lot 374
ex. Elvira Clain Stefanelli (1914-2001) collection, curator of the National Numismatics Collection at the Smithsonian.

An example of the earliest denarius coinage from its first production in the last part of the 3rd and early 2nd centuries BC. Rome overhauled its coinage around 211 BC and introduced the denarius, containing an average 4.5 grams, or 1/72 of a Roman pound, of silver. The word dēnārius is derived from the Latin dēnī "containing ten", as its value was originally of 10 assēs. It formed the backbone of Roman currency throughout the Roman Republic.
2 commentsOptimo PrincipiDec 11, 2018
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Julia Mamaea Denarius - Felicitas (RIC 335)26 viewsAR Denarius
Rome, 222-235 AD
3.43g

Obv: Diademed and draped bust of Julia Mamaea (R)
IVLIA MAMAEA AVG

Rev: Felicitas standing front, head to left, legs crossed, holding caduceus in her right hand and leaning on column with her left elbow.
FELICITAS PVBLICA

RIC 335, BMC 483, Cohen 17

Leu Numismatik Web Auction 6, Lot 1062
ex. Maggiore Collection, formed in the late 1970s to early 2000s.

Julia Avita Mamaea (180–235) was the second daughter of Julia Maesa, a powerful Roman woman of Syrian origin, and Syrian noble Gaius Julius Avitus Alexianus. She was a niece of empress Julia Domna and sister of Julia Soaemias Bassiana (mother of Elegabalus). She was born and raised in Emesa (modern Homs, Syria). She was the mother of Roman Emperor Alexander Severus and served as regent of Rome and de facto ruler during her son's reign.

In 232, mother and son were sent north to deal with a German attack. Alexander so alienated the Rhine legions by his lack of military prowess and his inflexibility towards pay that the troops proclaimed Maximinus Thrax as emperor in 235. Troops sent to kill Alexander found him clinging to his mother in a tent. Mother and son were butchered together, ending the Severan dynasty.
3 commentsOptimo PrincipiDec 09, 2018
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M. Volteius Denarius - Hercules and the Erymanthian Boar (Crawf. 385/2)22 viewsAR Denarius
Rome, 78 BC
3.87g

Obv: Head of young Hercules (R), wearing lion’s skin headdress

Rev: Erymanthian Boar charging right
VOLTEI•M•F in exergue

Bab. 2; BMC 3158; Crawf. 385/2; Syd. 775.

Künker Auction 312, Lot 2669

The monstrous, wild Erymanthian boar lived on Mount Erymanthos in Arcadia, a haunt of Artemis. For his fourth labour, Hercules was given the task to capture him and finally succeeded in doing so, by luring the animal into deep snow where it tired. He brought the boar alive to his client Eurystheus, who was so frightened he hid in a bronze wine jar.
1 commentsOptimo PrincipiOct 08, 2018
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Philip I Antoninianus - Cippus Inscribed COS III, Roman Millennium (RIC 24c)22 viewsAR Antoninianus
Rome 248 AD
4.43g

Obv: Radiate draped bust of Philip I (R)
IMP PHILIPPVS AVG

Rev: Column or cippus inscribed COS III
SAECVLARS AVGG

RIC 24c, RSC 193

ex. stock E. Bourgey Paris 1961.
The numismatic firm of Bourgey of Paris was founded by the famed dealer, Etienne Bourgey in 1895. After the war, his son Emile Bourgey took over as director, and in 1993 the third generation came forward with Sabine Bourgey. Le Cabinet Bourgey Numismatique still operates from No.7 Rue Drouot, Paris, to this day.


The most noteworthy event of the reign of Marcus Julius Philippus "The Arab", was the celebration in 248 AD of the millennium anniversary of the foundation of Rome, one thousand years on from the legendary foundation date of 753 BC, held in conjunction with the Saecular Games. Lavish games and other spectacles were staged for the amusement of the Roman populace and an extensive series of coins was issued to commemorate the occasion. Ironically, the year 248 was extremely unsettled, with four separate rebellions braking out within the ranks of the army. However, none of them could lure Philip from the capital, where he initiated prolonged celebrations. The festivities would not last though; Philip was defeated by Decius at the Battle of Verona the following year, where he and his eleven year old son were killed.

2 commentsKained but AbleSep 30, 2018
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M. Sergius Silus Denarius - Horseman Holding Severed Head (Syd. 544)21 viewsAR Denarius
Rome, 115-16 BC
3.85g

Obv: Helmeted head of Roma (R), behind, ROMA * and before, EX·S·C

Rev: Horseman rearing (L), holding sword and a severed head in hand; below horse, Q / M·SERGI and in exergue, SILVS.

Sydenham 544, RBW 1115, Crawford 286/1

ex. Nicolas Collection, Etienne-Paul Nicolas (1904-1981), Leu 17, 3rd May 1977, Nicolas, 195.
ex. Collection of a Student and his Mentor III, NAC Auction 83, 20th May 2015, 302
3 commentsKained but AbleSep 30, 2018
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Anonymous AR Didrachm (Quadrigatus) - Janiform head and Jupiter in Quadriga (Crawf. 30/1)69 viewsAR Didrachm (Quadrigatus)
Uncertain mint, 225-214 BC
6.57g, 22mm

Obv: Laureate head of youthful Janus or Dioscuri

Rev: Jupiter holding sceptre and brandishing thunderbolt, in quadriga driven to right by Victory; ROMA incuse on raised tablet below.

Crawford 30/1; RSC 23; Sydenham 64b

Roma Numismatics Auction XVI, 498
From a private Swiss collection, outside of Italy prior to January 2011.
7 commentsKained but AbleSep 27, 2018
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Trajan Denarius - Providentia (RIC 363)31 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 114-117 AD
3.45g

Obv: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust (R)
IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GERM DAC

Rev: Providentia standing (L), pointing at globe below and holding sceptre, resting elbow on column.
PRO-VID across field.
PARTHICO PM TRP COS VI PP SPQR

RIC 363 RSC 314

Naville Numismatics Auction 43, Lot 460
Münzen und Medaillen AG Basel fixed price list 391, 1 July 1977, lot 23
3 commentsKained but AbleSep 25, 2018
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Trajan Denarius - Felicitas holding Caduceus and Cornucopia (RIC 332) (2)25 viewsAR Denarius
Rome, 116-117 AD
3.4g

Obv: Laureate draped bust right
IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GERM DAC

Rev: Felicitas standing left, holding cornucopia and caduceus.
PARTHICO PM---TR P COS VI PP SPQR

RIC 332, Woytek 570v

Numismatik Naumann 67, lot 486
2 commentsKained but AbleJul 01, 2018
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Trajan Denarius - Felicitas holding Caduceus and Cornucopia (RIC 332)23 viewsAR Denarius
Rome, 116-117 AD
3.20g

Obv: Laureate bust right, with slight drapery.
IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GERM DAC

Rev: Felicitas standing left, holding cornucopia and caduceus.
PARTHICO P---M TR P COS VI PP SPQR

RIC 332, Woytek 570x

Numismatik Naumann 67, lot 487
1 commentsKained but AbleJul 01, 2018
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Domitian Denarius - Eagle Grasping Thunderbolt (RIC 144)42 viewsAR Denarius
Rome, 82-83 AD
3.59g

Obv: Laureate head (R), IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M

Rev: Eagle standing facing, with open wings, head turned L, grasping thunderbolt in its talons.
IVPPITER CONSERVATOR

RIC 144, BMC 52, C. 320

From the Ernst Ploil collection, Vienna
NAC Auction 101 (Ploil) 24 October 2017, lot 228
ex Lanz sale 102, 2001, 522.
4 commentsKained but AbleJun 16, 2018
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Trajan Denarius - Virtus (RIC 354)38 viewsAR Denarius
Rome, 116 AD
3.21g

Obv: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust (R)

Rev: VIRTUS standing (R) with bare left breast and foot on helmet, holding spear and parazonium.
PM TRP COS VI PP SPQR

RIC 354, RSC 274var, Woytek 524f, citing only six specimens.

Acquired by a collector from Rino Barzan, Turin in October 1966

Naville Numismatics Auction 40
3 commentsKained but AbleJun 06, 2018
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L. Sempronius Pitio Denarius - Dioscuri Galloping (Syd 402)29 viewsAR Denarius
Rome, 148 BC
3.75g

Obv: Helmeted head of Roma (R), behind, PITIO and below chin, X

Rev: The Dioscuri, Castor and Pollox, galloping (R) below horses,
L.SEMP and below ROMA in partial tablet.

Sydenham 402, Crawford 216/1, RBW 926

Naville Numismatics Auction 40
2 commentsKained but AbleJun 06, 2018
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Nerva Denarius - Fortuna Standing (RIC 4)57 viewsAR Denarius
Rome, 96 AD
3.29g

Obv: Laureate head (R) IMP NERVA CAES AVG P M TR P COS II P P

Rev: Fortuna standing (L), holding rudder in right hand and cornucopiae in left
FORTVNA – AVGVST

RSC 59, BMC 10, RIC 4

From the Ernst Ploil collection, Vienna

NAC Auction 106 (Collection of a Perfectionist), lot 606
ex NAC 95, 2016, (Ploil) 193
ex UBS 53, 2002, 176 (Union Bank of Switzerland)
3 commentsKained but AbleMay 09, 2018

Random files - Optimo Principi's Gallery
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Augustus Denarius - Mars with Vexillum and Parazonium (RIC 148)53 viewsAR Denarius
Colonia Patricia (?) 18-16 BC
3.73g

Obv: Bare head of Augustus (R)
SPQR IMP CAESARI

Rev: Mars helmeted and cloaked standing l., holding vexillum; parazonium over l. shoulder
VOT P SVSC PRO SAL ET RED I O M SACR

RIC 148(?). C 327
Same Obv die as BMC 4457
Same Rev die as BMC 4459

ex. E.E. Clain-Stefanelli Collection
3 commentsKained but Able
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Trajan Denarius - Arabia (RIC II 142)109 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 112-117 AD
3.34g

Obv: Laureate bust of Trajan (R), drapery on far shoulder.
IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P

Rev: ARABIA standing left holding branch in right hand, bundle of cinnamon sticks in left; Camel standing left at feet.
COS V PP SPQR OPTIMO PRINC

RIC II 142 RSC 89
3 commentsKained but Able
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Augustus Plated Denarius - Bearded Barbarian Offering Vexillum (Hybrid, RIC 288/416)43 viewsPlated Denarius
After 12 BC
3.16g

Obv: Diademed and draped bust of Feronia, r.
FERON TVRPILIANVS IIIVIR

Rev: Bearded barbarian, with cloak over shoulder, kneeling r. and offering vexillum.
CANINIVS GALLVS III VIR

RIC – For obverse: C 484. RIC 288 and for reverse: C 383. RIC 416.

ex. Elvira Clain Stefanelli (1914-2001) collection, curator of the National Numismatics Collection at the Smithsonian
ex. V.J.E. Ryan Collection, Valentine John Eustace Ryan (1883-1947) sold by Glendining & Co., 2nd April 1952, 5th Part, Lot 2060 (Plate coin)
ex. Haeberlin Collection, Ernst Justus Haeberlin (1847-1925), Cahn & Hess, Frankfurt, 17th July 1933, Lot 3259 (Plate coin) Sold to Spink for 26 Reichmarks.
ex. Lawrence Collection, Cyrus Jay Lawrence (1832-1908) and his son, Richard Hoe Lawrence (1858-1936) of Westchester, New York.


3 commentsKained but Able
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Trajan Denarius - Genius (RIC II 184)31 viewsAR Denarius
Rome 112-117 AD
3.52g

Obv: Laureate bust of Trajan (R), draped far shoulder.
IMP TRAIANO AUG GER DAC PM TRP COS V PP

Rev: GENIUS standing (L) naked except for cloak around waist, holding cornucopia and sacrificing over alter with patera.

RIC II 184 RSC 394
Kained but Able