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HUNGARY: The Earliest Arpads (1000-1095)


HUN_Salamon_Huszar_17.JPG

11 files, last one added on Feb 26, 2018

HUNGARY: Coloman (1095-1116)


HUN_Kalman_Huszar_32_var.JPG

13 files, last one added on Jun 27, 2015

HUNGARY: Twelfth Century Emissions (1116-1205)


HUN_Anonymous_Class_I_Huszar_91.JPG

35 files, last one added on Oct 02, 2017

HUNGARY: Twelfth or Thirteenth Century Bracteates


HUN_bracteate_Huszar_191.jpg

5 files, last one added on Dec 30, 2008

HUNGARY: The Last Arpads (1205-1301)


HUN_Laszlo_IV_Huszar_390.JPG

30 files, last one added on Jan 28, 2018

HUNGARY: The Árpadián – Angevin Interregnum (1301-1307)


HUN_Venzel_Huszar_433.jpg

Upon the death of Andrew III (1290-1301) and the extinction of the Árpadián dynasty, the throne was claimed by Wenceslaus (age 11), son of Wenceslaus II Premyslid, king of Bohemia, and also by Charles Robert (age 13), son of Charles II of Anjou, king of Naples and Sicily. They both had Árpadián blood: Wenceslaus' great-grandmother was a daughter of Béla IV (1235-1270) and Charles Robert's grandmother was a daughter of Ladislaus IV (1272-1290). Charles Robert prevailed in the factional warfare that ensued, and Wenceslaus renounced the throne in favor of Otto of Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria, whose grandmother was a daughter of Béla IV. Otto was expelled in 1307, leaving Charles Robert the uncontested king.

3 files, last one added on Jan 15, 2019

HUNGARY: The Angevin Dynasty (1307-1387)


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62 files, last one added on Nov 04, 2019

HUNGARY: The Angevin Dynasty - Maria (1382-1387/1395)


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Maria was the oldest surviving daughter of King Louis I (1342-1382) and Elizabeth of Bosnia. Her marriage to Sigismund of Luxembourg was arranged before her first birthday. When Louis died in September 1382 without a son, Mary (then age 11-12) was crowned "king." Elizabeth assumed the regency. The majority of Hungary's nobility, however, objected to a female sovereign. viewing Maria's distant Angevin cousin, Charles III of Naples, as the rightful king. To strengthen Maria's position, Elizabeth engaged Maria to Louis, the younger brother of the king of France, who had been engaged to Maria's deceased older sister. Charles invaded Hungary in September 1385. Sigismund followed and persuaded Elizabeth to marry Maria to him. He was not crowned or given a role in government, and was unable to prevent Charles from occupying Buda. Fearing for her life, Maria renounced the throne. Charles was crowned king, but weeks later, in February 1386, was assassinated by Elizabeth. Maria was restored with Elizabeth again as regent. That July, supporters of Charles' son captured Maria and Elizabeth (who was executed). During her captivity, the Hungarian Diet declared Sigismund regent, crowning him in March 1387. Maria was liberated in July. She nominally co-ruled, with Sigismund, until her death in labor, precipitated by a fall from a horse in a hunting accident, in 1395.

24 files, last one added on Feb 06, 2019

HUNGARY: Sigismund of Luxembourg (1387-1437) and Albert (1437-1439)


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61 files, last one added on Jan 08, 2020

HUNGARY: The Civil War Years (1437-1457)


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40 files, last one added on Jan 15, 2018

HUNGARY: Matthias Corvinus (1458-1490)


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50 files, last one added on Nov 09, 2019

HUNGARY: Undated Wladislaus II (1490-1503)


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28 files, last one added on Nov 02, 2015

HUNGARY: Dated Jagiellon Coinage (1503-1526)


HUN_Ulaszlo_II_Huszar_811_1503_K-H_Pohl_253-3_#1.JPG

39 files, last one added on Jan 13, 2019

HUNGARY: John Zapolyai (1526-1540)


HUN_Janos_Szapolyai_Huszar_886_1530_Pohl_272~0.JPG

3 files, last one added on Jun 14, 2009

HUNGARY: Slavonian Provincial Emissions (1242-1355)


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7 files, last one added on Oct 11, 2009

ANCIENT GREEK: Bronze


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69 files, last one added on Feb 11, 2019

ANCIENT GREEK: Silver


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29 files, last one added on Feb 01, 2019

JUDAEA


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29 files, last one added on Feb 17, 2020

65 albums on 4 page(s) 1

Last additions - Stkp's Gallery
JUD_John_Hyrcanus_I_Group_E.jpg
John Hyrcanus I (Yehochanan) (135-104 B.C.E.)1 viewsHendin (4th ed.) 464; Hendin (5th ed.) 1139; Meshorer TJC Group E No. --; Meshorer AJC L.

AE Prutah; beveled flan with cornucopia on beveled side .2.18 g., 14.07 mm., 180°

Obv.: Paleo-Hebrew legend in five lines within wreath:

YHW-
(HH)NN HK-
HN [GD]L W(HH)BR
YH[W]DY-
M

יהו
חנןהכ
הןליחבר
יהדי
ם

Yehochanan h’Kohen [Gado]l v’Hever Yehdim = Yehohanan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews

Rev.: Double cornucopia adorned with ribbons.

This type features a distinctly shaped letter He (H) in the first two lines and a simplified yet also distinct form of that letter in subsequent lines. Some letters are crude/illegible. On some dies the word “high” (GDL) is missing. This coin is missing the first two letters in that word, and another letter is missing. Several other letters on the the far are obscure.
StkpFeb 17, 2020
JUD_Alexander_Jannaeus_Group_R.jpg
Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan) (103-76 B.C.E.)6 viewsHendin (4th ed.) 475; Hendin (5th ed.) 1146; Meshorer TJC Group R; Meshorer AJC Group G.

AE Prutah; beveled flan with legend on beveled side; .2.30 g., 14.24 mm., 0°

Obv.: Paleo-Hebrew legend in four lines within wreath:

YHWNT-
N KHN GD-
L W(HH)BR HY-
HWDYM

יהונת
ן כהן גד
ל וחבר הי
הודים

Yehonatan Kohen Gadol v’Hever h’Yehudim = Yehohanan [the] High Priest and the Council of the Jews
Rev.: Double cornucopia adorned with ribbons.

Meshorer wrote of the cursive style on this type, "The letters appear is if they were written with pen and ink. They are schematic, elongated, oblique, and very small. Some are so minute as to be little more than points. Although small, the shapes of the letters are simple and quite legible. The inscription is mostly complete and contains no errors."
StkpFeb 08, 2020
JUD_John_Hyrcanus_I_Group_F.jpg
Judaea. John Hyrcanus I (Yehochanan) (135-104 B.C.E.)6 viewsHendin (4th ed.) 456; Hendin (5th ed.) 1133; Meshorer TJC Group G No. --.

AE Prutah; .66 g., 11.45 mm., 0°

Obv.: Paleo-Hebrew legend in four lines within wreath:

YHW(HH)N[N]
HKHN HG[D]-
L W(HH)BR HY-
HWDYM

יהוחנן
הכהן הגד
ל וחבר הי
הודים

Yehochanan h’Kohen h’Gadol v’Hever h’Yehudim = Yehohanan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews.

Rev.: Double cornucopia adorned with ribbons.
2 commentsStkpJan 29, 2020
JUD_Judah_Aristobulus_Meshorer_TJC_Group_U.jpg
Judaea. Judah Aristobulus I (104-103 (B.C.E.) or Judah Aristobulus IL (66-63 B.C.E.)9 viewsHendin 465 (4th ed.) (as Aristobulus I); Hendin 1143 (5th ed.); Meshorer TJC Group U No. -- (as Aristobulus II or I); Meshorer AJC Group Ja.

AE Prutah, 2.39 g., 14.95 mm. 0°

Obv.: Paleo-Hebrew legend in five lines within wreath:

YHWD / [ד]וה[י] (letters Y/י and D/ד are missing)
H KHN / ןהכ ה
GDWL W(HH) / ח‎ו‎ ל‎ו‎דג
BR YHWD / דו‎הי ר‎ב (odd-shaped and/or transposed letters in YHWD/ דו‎הי)
YM / מי

Yehudah kohen gadol v’hever Yehudim = Judah [the] High Priest and the Council of [the] Jews. (The article “the = H/ה” is omitted on coins of this group).

Rev.: Double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, narrow, elongated shape pomegranate between the horns (Meshorer TJC reverse B).

Meshorer TJC does not list an inscription with the missing Y/י and D/ד in the first line, or this distribution of letters is subsequent lines.

Attribution assistance courtesy of Jochen and Snegovik per discussion at http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=121234.msg731881#msg731881
1 commentsStkpJan 20, 2020
MISC_Aquiliea_Ludovici_I_Bernardi_55.jpg
Italian States. Aquileia, Patriarchate.5 viewsBernardi 54d, CNI VI p. 29, 2

AR denaro (median weight 0.79 g.; weight range 0.72-0.92 g., nominal fineness 0.607); .75 g., 19.88 mm. max., 90◦.

Struck 1359-1363 under Patriarch Ludovico I della Torre (1359-1365).

Obv: LVDOV ⁎ -- ICI ⁎ PA ⁎, Saint Hermagoras/Ermacora, seated and facing, raising right hand in blessing and holding miter with cross in left hand.

Rev: ⁎ AQ[VI] ⁎ -- LEGIA ⁎, tower with two crossed lily scepters, letters L--V in fields.

According to Aquiliean tradition, Hermagoras was the leader of the nascent Christian community in Aquileia, and was consecrated bishop by Saint Peter. Hermagoras and his deacon Fortunatus evangelized the area but were eventually arrested by Sebastius, a representative of Nero. They were tortured and beheaded.

Bernardi rarity C.
1 commentsStkpJan 16, 2020
MISC_Aquiliea_Ludovici_I_Bernardi_54a.jpg
Italian States. Aquileia, Patriarchate.3 viewsBernardi 54d, CNI VI p. 30, 6-9

AR denaro (median weight 0.77 g.; weight range 0.89-1.16 g., nominal fineness 0.630); .73 g., 18.44 mm. max., 0◦.

Struck 1359-1363 under Patriarch Ludovico I della Torre (1359-1365).

Obv: + mOnETA ⁎ LVDOVICI ♠, two crossed lily scepters in a frame of six double arches with globes at the corners, in a linear circle, letters L--O in fields between arms.

Rev: PATRIARChA ⁎ AQVILEGEnS, eagle facing left with wings spread, letter L on the breast.

Bernardi rarity C.
1 commentsStkpJan 16, 2020
ARM_Gosdantin_I_kardez.jpg
Cilician Armenia. Gosdantin/Constantine I (1298-1299)6 viewsNercessian 417-18 var., Bedoukian 1730

AE kardez. Sis (now Kozan, Turkey) mint. 1.99 g., 20.18 mm. max., 0°

Obv: King standing, facing, wearing royal vestments, holding cross in left hand and sword in right hand, +ԿՈՍՏԱՆԴ -- ԻԱՆՈՍ Թ[ԱԳ] with the ՈՍ ligate (= Gosdantin King).

Rev. Ornate cross with dots at ends of three of the arms, ՇԻՆԵԼ Գ[ԱՂ]ԱԳՆ ՍԻՍ Է (Shineal I Kaghakn I Sis = Struck in the City of Sis).

Nercessian rarity for type 7R/rare (less than 62 known)

Gosdantin was one of the sons of Levon/Leo II (1270-1289). In 1296 his brother, King Hetoum II (1289-1303) placed Armenia under the regency of their brother Smpad, and traveled to Constantinople for the wedding of their sister to the Byzantine Emperor Michael IX Palaeologus. During his absence Smpad (1296-1298) usurped the throne with the aid of Gosdantin. Hetoum was imprisoned upon his return and was partially blinded. Gosdantin then turned against Smpad, usurped the throne for himself, imprisoned Smpad and freed Hetoum. In 1299, Hetoum ousted Gosdantin and again resumed the crown. Smpad and Gosdantin were imprisoned for the rest of their lives. Gosdantin ruled for less than a year.
StkpJan 11, 2020
ARM_Hetoum_II_Kardez_Bedoukian_1611-12.jpg
Cilician Armenia. Hetoum II (first reign 1289-1293)3 viewsNercessian 398 var., Bedoukian 1611/1612 var.

AE kardez. Sis (now Kozan, Turkey) mint. 4.46 g., 24.65 mm. max., 180°

Obv.: Crowned head of king with two star pendants, facing, + ՀԵԹՈՒՄ ԹԱԳԱՒՈՐ ՀԱՅՈ (= Hetowm Tagawor Hayots = Hetoum King of Armenians).

Rev.: Ornate cross with two bars, + ՇԻՆԵԱԼ Ի ԳԱՂԱԳՆ Ի ՍԻՍ (= Shineal i kaghaks i Sis = Struck in the city of Sis).

Nercessian rarity for type 3R/relatively common (less than 1,000 known)

Hetoum succeeded to the throne in 1289 upon the death of his father, Levon/Leo II (1270-1289). At the time, Armenia was balanced between friendly relations with the Christian Europeans and Byzantine Empire, aggression from the Turkish Sultanate of Rum, a vassal relationship with the Mongol Empire, and incursions from the Mamluks. In 1293, Hetoun abdicated in favor of his brother Toros III (1293-1295) and entered a Franciscan monastery, although he remained active in the politics of the kingdom. In 1295, Toros asked Hetoum to resume the throne to help renew the Mongol alliance against the Mamluks. In 1296, Hetoum and Toros placed Armenia under the regency of their brother Smpad, and traveled to Constantinople for the wedding of their sister to the Byzantine Emperor Michael IX Palaeologus. During their absence Smpad (1296-1298) usurped the throne with the aid of another brother, Gosdantin/Constantine. Hetoum and Toros imprisoned upon their return. Hetoum was partially blinded and Toros was murdered. Gosdantin (1298-1299) then turned against Smpad, usurped the throne for himself, imprisoned Smpad and freed Hetoum. In 1299, Hetoum ousted Gosdantin and again resumed the crown. In 1303 he again abdicated and entered a monastery, passing the crown to Thoros's teenaged son, Levon/Leo III (1303-1307), but retaining the office of Regent. Hetoum and Levon were slaughtered by the Mongols while guests at the Mongol court, and Hetoum’s brother Oshin (1308-1320) assumed the throne.
StkpJan 11, 2020
HUN_Zsigmund_Huszar_575_#2.jpg
Huszár 575, Pohl 116, Unger 448, Réthy II 120, Frynas H.27.38 viewsHungary. Sigismund/Zsigmund of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437)

AR denar; .53 g., 13.63 mm. max., 0°

Obv: + MOnET SIGISMVnDI, Patriarchal cross.

Rev: + • REGIS • VnGARIE, Four-part shield (Árpádian stripes and Brandenburg eagle).

The type was struck in 1387-1389 (per Pohl, Huszár, Unger & Frynas) in Buda (now Budapest) by Onofrio Bardi (per Pohl & Huszár).

Huszár/Pohl rarity 6; Unger rarity 30; Frynas rarity S. The descriptions of the reverse legend vary amongst the references. This coin comports with Huszár/Pohl, Unger and Réthy and differs from Frynas, in that the legend does not terminate with “etc.” This coin differs from Huszár/Pohl in that there are only two pellets (not three) in the legend, and differs from Unger and Réthy (and Frynas) in which there are no pellets in the legend.

This type was disparagingly called a “bardus” (stupid, slow or dull, in Latin) by contemporaries, and remained in circulation until 1427. It was struck with a nominal fineness of 0.582 silver and an average weight of 0.51 g. (per Huszár). However, Engel notes that early in the reign of Sigismund, the process of devaluation of the denar, which had begun under Louis I (1342-1382), continued at an accelerating rate, and “collapse[d].” Thus, while 240 denars were the equivalent of an aranyforint in 1386, by 1390 300 denars were the aranyforint’s equivalent.

“Owing to inner strife and disordered general conditions, the coins [of this period] were usually minted with extremely low precious metal content; moreover, poor mintages were often struck with negligently engraved dies. As a result of the hurried, superficial minting, it was sometimes doubtful whether a faulty coin had been issued officially, or was a forgery” (Huszár 1963, at 15).
StkpJan 08, 2020
JCT_Jewish_Lads_Brigade.jpg
Jewish Lads' Brigade4 viewsAE medal; 29.30 mm. diameter, 3.13 mm. thick, 0°

Obv.: Mounted officer inspecting rank of cadets, flag behind bearing Hebrew inscription, most likely, "They go from strength to strength" (the Brigade's motto, taken from the 84th Psalm).

Rev.: • THE • JEWISH • LADS’ • BRIGADE • / LEWIS • EMANUEL • MEDAL, around rim, large JLB within a laurel wreath in center.

Modelled on the Church Lads' and Church Girls' Brigade, the Jewish Lads’ Brigade was formed in 1895 by Colonel Albert E. W. Goldsmid, a British Jewish Army officer, to provide activities for children of the poor Jewish immigrants who flooded into the UK, predominantly from Eastern Europe. Girls were admitted to membership in the 1963 (as the Jewish Girls' Brigade) and in 1974 the JLB and JGB amalgamated to become the Jewish Lads’ and Girls’ Brigade.

The Lewis Emanuel Medal was given for at least four passes in the Proficiency Badge Scheme. This medal appears to have been struck without the bezel (the rim is smooth with no indication of filing) by which the medal hung from a ribbon when presented in the Proficiency Badge Scheme.
StkpJan 06, 2020
JET_France_Louis_XVI_statue_Bordeauz_Feur_9221.jpg
France. Statue of Louis XV in Bordeaux3 viewsFeuardent 9221
Jeton, minted in Nuremberg; brass, 24.05 mm, max., 0°

Obv: LUD • XVI D • G -- FR • N • REX, bust of Louis XVI facing left.

Rev: OPTIMO -- PRINCIPI (= to the best of princes), equestrian statue of Louis XV at Bordeaux, by Jean-Baptiste Lemoyne II (erected 1743) on pedestal, 1792 in exergue.
StkpDec 26, 2019
JET_Louis_XIV_Battle_of_Seneffe_Feuar_14733.jpg
France (French Flanders). The Battle of Seneffe 3 viewsFeuardent 14733; La Tour 1893

Jeton; minted in Nuremburg during reign of Louis XIV (1643-1715); brass, 25.66 mm. max., 180°

Obv.: LVDOVICVS • -- MAGNVS • REX •, laureate head of mature Louis XIV facing right, N beneath.

Rev.: * PVGNA * AD * SENEFFAM * (= the Battle of Seneffe), Victory flying right, holding a crown and a standard; below, a cannon, barrels of powder, flags and cannonballs.

The Battle of Seneffe was a fought during the Franco-Dutch War on August 11, 1674 between a French army under the command of Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé and the Dutch-German-Spanish army under the Dutch Stadtholder William III of Orange (later King William III of England). The jetons were based on the official silver medals struck to commemorate the battle.
StkpDec 26, 2019

Random files - Stkp's Gallery
Matyas_Huszar_718_Pohl_219-6~0.JPG
Huszár 718, Pohl 219-6, Unger 564d, RĂ©thy II 234, Kaplan Subtype B 177 viewsHungary. Matthias "Corvinus" (Mátyás Hunyadi in Hun.) (1458-1490). AR denar.

Obv: + M • MAThIE • R • VnGARI, Four-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes, patriarchal cross, Dalmatian leopard heads, crowned lion of Berszterce), legless raven in escutcheon.

Rev: PATRO – VnGAR – •, Veiled Madonna with infant Jesus to her right, K–V (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1471-1481 (per Huszár & Unger) or 1472-1478 (per Pohl), with an average fineness of approximately .500 silver, and an average weight of .59023 g. This privy mark was struck in Kremnitz (formerly Körmöcbánya, Hungary, now Kremnica, Slovakia) by Veit Mülstein, oberkammergraf (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4. This is a variable type with two subtypes. Subtype B is the less common, comprising around 20% of the coins of the emission. This privy mark appears on coins of both subtypes and on around 15% of the coins of this type.

In Subtype B coins, the obverse legend is + M • MAThIE • R • VnGARIE (or a minor variant). They are neither described nor depicted in any of the catalogs.
Stkp
HUN_Matyas_Huszar_706_Pohl_206-3.JPG
Huszár 706, Pohl 206-3, Unger 556c, RĂ©thy II 228 136 viewsHungary. Matthias "Corvinus" (Mátyás Hunyadi in Hun.) (1458-1490). AR denar.

Obv: + MOnET[A • MA]ThIE • DEI • G, Two-part shield (Árpádian stripes, raven facing left with ring in its beak)

Rev: R[I]GIS hV—nGARIE •, Patriarchal cross, B–S (privy mark) in fields.

The type was struck 1463 (per Pohl, Huszár & Unger). This privy mark was struck in Buda (now Budapest) by Stephan Kowách, kammergraf (per Pohl).

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4.
Stkp
HUN_Zsigmond_Huszar_576_Pohl_117-11.jpg
Huszár 576, Pohl 117-11, Unger 449c, Réthy II 121, Frynas H.27.433 viewsHungary. Sigismund (Zsigmond, in Hun.) of Luxembourg (1387-1437; Holy Roman Emperor 1433-1437).

AR denar, .47 g., 14.20 mm. max., 270°

Obv: mOn • SIG-ISmVnDI, Patriarchal cross.

Rev: + REGIS VnGISmVnDI, Four-part shield (Árpádian stripes and Brandenburg eagle), • above.

The type was struck in 1390-1427.

Huszár/Pohl rarity rating 4. Erroneous legend on reverse (should be, + REGIS VnGARIE ETC, but is a conflation of the obverse and reverse legends).

This emission was struck with a fineness of 0.582 silver and an average weight of 0.51 g. (per Huszár). However, Engel notes that in 1390 Sigismund was able to temporarily restore the stability of the denar by the issuance of this new emission, which was referred to as nova moneta. For thirteen years the value of the denar remained stable, and 100 were the equivalent of the aranyforint. In 1403 debasement occurred, and 130 were the equivalent of the aranyforint. The debasements continued, so that by 1406 the price of an aranyforint was 160 denars, it was 200 in 1421, 225 in 1423 and 320 in 1426.
Stkp