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Coins of Greece


4 files, last one added on Oct 06, 2011

Random Romans


4 files, last one added on Apr 15, 2012

Byzantine overstrikes


Repeated use of recycled coins is a important part of establishing order of minting and establishing dates. Certainly with what is known as the Anonymous folles's from John I in 969 through Alexius I ending in 1118, overstrikes have been crucial to attempting to establish a pattern which is still subject to debate.

Following is a collection of overstrikes with identifiable under types.

4 files, last one added on Sep 11, 2015

Ancient Coin and trade weights


There is considerable debate on the exact weight of the Roman pound which is the ancestor of the Byzantine pound. Generally it has been proposed that the weight of the pound become slightly lighter over the years. Simon Bendall (Byzantine weights: an Introduction, 1996) mentions that in the Geneva Museum and the Munz Zentrum sales that a number of one pound weights varied between 324 gm and 280 gm. By about 1343 there is reasonable evidence that a pound was about 304 gm, after starting at around 327 gm and this number can be disputed.
Byzantine weights are for commercial which are in pounds, ounces or fractions, or are coin weights weighted as nomismata or solidi. Six nomismata were in an ounce, hence 72 to a pound. Complicating this is that there is evidence that possibly there was a provincial pound that was spit into 14 ounces rather than 12 ounces with seven nomismata instead of six.
Typically there are symbols associated with commercial weights, and those for coins. For a variety of reasons including archeological evidence, weights are considered to belong to the sixth and seventh centuries. Often weights bear a mark of value but little else, often these are thought to be household weights. Justinian I in 545 issued edicts for certain officials to be responsible for standards and that these weights were to be kept in a church in each city. Many weights espically round ones seem expertly made possibly from a centralized area of production, but the engraving seem at times crude, suggesting that they were then engraved locally. Square weights were adjusted by filing on the edges resulting at times in a rougher looking appearance.

268 files, last one added on Sep 27, 2018

Byzantine/Roman artifacts


A collections of odds and ends I have encountered over time. All of these have passed through my hands but many no longer remain.

23 files, last one added on May 01, 2017

Anastasius I 491-518 CE


After the death of the Emperor Zeno the widowed Empress Ariadne selected the court official Anastasius. Anastasius ruled for twenty-seven years, generally recognised as responsible for changes in the monetary system, and by accounts leaving the state treasury in much better condition than when he took office.

19 files, last one added on Dec 09, 2018

Justin I 518-527 CE


Justin I while in a career in the imperial army under Anastasius became commander of the excubitores in Constantinople. On the death of Anastasius he was chosen for succession. Most of his policy was developed by his nephew Justinian who suceed him on his death.

23 files, last one added on Oct 15, 2014

Justin I and Justinian I April-August 527


A few months before his death, Justin elevated his well educated, intelligent but somewhat thankless nephew Justinian to the rank of co-emperor.

2 files, last one added on Dec 09, 2018

Justinian I 527-565 CE


Justinian having had influence in his uncle's Justin imperial policy started on his own reign in 527 and for the next 38 years ruled the Byzantine Empire along with his wife Theodura. Despite the contoversy of Theoduro being a actress, she became a recognized leader in her own right. Famous for the building of the church of St. Sophia which still stands, Justinian also recovered North Africa from the Vandals and regained a footing in Spain for the last time. He codified Roman law which influenced jurisprudence for generations following.

52 files, last one added on Dec 16, 2018

Justin II 565-578 CE


Came to power after his uncle Justinian I died, and proceeded to lose much of the empire that Justinian had regained during his reign. Sophia his srong minded wife is accounted by some for much of his misrule. He raised one of his generals, Tiberius to the rank of Augustus and co-emperor and shortly afterwards died.

62 files, last one added on Jan 12, 2016

Tiberius II Constantine 578-582 CE


Tiberius became sole emperor nine days after Justin II's death. He continued with some sucess the war against the Persians. Tiberius married his daughter to one his generals named Maurice Tiberius, the next emperor

5 files, last one added on Feb 06, 2012

Maurice Tiberius 582-602 CE


Maurice Tiberius a general under Justin II and well known for his campaign against the Persions was a popular figure assuming power after Maurice Tiberius death. Soon however his neglect of state affairs and to the miltary caused his popularity to suffer. The army soon became disgruntled and he and his son Theodosis (his techincal co ruler) were overthrown and murdered. by Phocas.

45 files, last one added on Dec 10, 2016

Phocas 602-610 CE


After Maurice Tiberius and his entire family was murdered, Phocas crowned himself emperor. While launching a campaign of terror and muder to keep himself in power, he met with military disaster from both the east and west. The Exarch of Africa Heraclius, sent his son also called Heraclius to Constantinople with a fleet, seized and executed Phocas.
The coins of Phocas are unusual because they revive an interest in portraiture, which the engravers of the stylized portraits of most early Byzantine emperors had long ignored. In contrast to the busts of other sixth-century emperors, the portrait of Phocas emphasizes his barbarian heritage. His pointed beard and his straight, shaggy hair give him a distinctly foreign appearance, and he wears a simple crown and a military cloak, the paludamentum, fastened with a fibula or pin on the right shoulder. His beard set a precedent for most later emperors.

5 files, last one added on Dec 09, 2018

Heraclius 610-641 CE


After the nearly eight years of disastrous rule by Phocas, Heraclius , a former leading general under Maurice Tiberius and Exarch of Carthage took up arms against Phocas and his reign of terror. It however took two years before Heraclius son, of the same name finally was able to overtake Constantinople, depose Phocas and put him to death. Heraclius was 35, and unmarried, he shortly married an African girl name Fabia who died after they had a son and daughter. He ruled solely from 610-13 CE and then jointly with his infant son Heraclius Constantine. He remarried and had another son named Heraclonas who was named co-emperor in 638CE. Despite inheriting the disaster of his predecessor, Heraclius was able to crush the Persians and his campaigns in Persia are considered by some to be the most brilliant chapter in Byzantine history. Here ends what is considered the Justinianean period and begins the Heraclian period.

23 files, last one added on Apr 05, 2014

Constans II 641-668 CE


Constans II (son of Heraclius Constantine, first son of Heraclius) also known as Constantine III was elected emperor after a revolt overthrew his uncle Heracleonas who had been associate emperor and Augustus of Heraclius from 638. During his reign the Arabs continued their advance and Egypt was overcome the fall of 642. Constans elected his son Constantine co-emperor in 654. They conducted a campaign against the Slavs in the Balkans with some sucess, transporting large numbers of slavs to Asia Monor where they served in the army. He died in 668 after moving his imperial capital to Syracuse. He was murdered by a bath attendent (reportedly with a stone soap dish) and was suceeded by his son Constantine IV.

26 files, last one added on Dec 10, 2018

Constantine IV, Pogonatus 668-685 CE


Faced by a siege by caliph Muawija I, of Constantinople, he was the first to use the famous "greek fire:. Though it took four years, the Arabs were forced to retreat, which prevented the Muslim tide from sweeping over a infant Europe, a moment of great historical significance. Constantine deposed his two brothers, Heraclius and Tiberius, and ruled alone until his death in 685. He was succeeded by his 16 yr old son Justinian.

5 files, last one added on Nov 30, 2016

Constantine V Copronymus 741-775 CE


4 files, last one added on Jan 24, 2016

Nicephorus I 802-811 CE


The first Roman emperor to fall in battle since Valens in 378. Prior his death he had reinstated a number of financial reforms which improved the empire. He had previously fought and pushed back the Bulgarians but when pursuing their leader Krum, he was ambushed and killed.

2 files, last one added on Jan 24, 2016

53 albums on 3 page(s) 1

Last additions - wileyc's Gallery
AE follis Constantine X SBVC 1854 16 viewsObverse: +EMMANOVHA Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cr. pallium and colobium, and raising r. hand in benediction; in l. hand, book of Gospels to l., IC ro r., XC
Reverse: +KWN RACIAEVC O (delta)OVK. or very similar. Bust facing bearded, wearing crown and loros, and holding cross and akakia.
Date: 1059-1067 CE
Mint: Constantinople
Sear 1854 DO 9
26mm 9.14 gm
wileycDec 19, 2018
AE half follis Justinian I SBVC 22619 viewsObv: DN IVSTINIANVS PP AVG or similar, Did., dr. and cur. bust ro r.
Rev: on left Long. cross dividing A-E on left, H-U\\\\P on right side of cross.
large K and on right mintmark "delta"
Mint: Antioch
Date: 527-567 AD
SBVC 226; DO 214
wileycDec 16, 2018
Class A2, sb1813 attributed to joint reign of Basil II and Constantine VIII, 976-1025 CE19 viewsObverse: Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cross with various ornaments in each limb.. pallium and colobium, and holding books of Gospels.
Reverse: +IhSyB / XRISTUS/ bASILEy/bASILE - in 4 lines, Greek legend, "Jesus Christ, King of Kings.
Mint: Constantinople though Metclaf states several provincial mints within this group. some with rev legend differences.
Date: 976-1025 CE
SB 1813 Class A2
29mm, 13.42gg
wileycDec 16, 2018
SBVC 1053; Constans II; AE follis26 viewsObv: EN TVTO NIKA, Constans standing facing, crowned, cloaked and cuirassed, holding long cross and cross on globe
Rev: large M, cross to left, cross above, cross to right; mintmark CRTS
Mint: Carthage
Date: 641-668 AD
SBVC 1053
2 commentswileycDec 10, 2018
Romanus IV; SB 1866; AE follis12 viewsObv: IC-XC over NI-KA to left and right of bust of Christ facing, dotted cross behind head, holding book of Gospels with both hands
Rev: C-R P-Delta in the four angles of a cross with globe and two dots at each extremity, X in the centre
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1068-1071
30mm, 6.51g
ex CNG 11/18
lot 618
Auction 432
wileycDec 09, 2018
Justin I; SB 78: AE follis19 viewsObv: DN IVST-INVS PP AV (G), pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Rev: Large M, star to left, cross above, star to right. No officina
letter, mintmark THESSOB. (The B resembles a P or S)
Mint: Thessaonica
Date: AD 518-527.
29mm, 17.02g
SB 78
ex CNG 11/18
lot 618
Auction 432
wileycDec 09, 2018
Phocas; SB 675; AE decanummium9 viewsObv: O N FOCA or similar, Phocas and Leontia stg, facing
Rev: Large X between ANNO and numerals representing regnal yr (1)
cross above e below. Sometime R
Date; 602/3 AD regnal year 1 (I)
Mint: Theoupolis ( Antioch)
10mm; 2.35g
SB 675
ex cng 11/18
auction 432, lot 618
wileycDec 09, 2018
Anastasius I; AE half follis13 viewsObverse: D N ANASTASIVS PP AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
Reverse: Large K, long cross to left, officina letter to right(E), no mintmark.
Mint: Constantinople
SB 25, DOC 24
25mm, 8.91g ex CNG 11/18
lot 618
Auction 432
wileycDec 09, 2018
AE Follis SBVC 1916 viewsObverse: DN ANSTASIVS PP AVG Diad., dr. and cuir. bust r., sometimes with a start on shoulder.
Reverse: Large M between two stars, cross above, Officina letter below "Large E " Exergue: CON
Date: 498-518 AD
Mint: Constantinople
Sear 19 DO 23a
33mm 17.45 gm
ex cng 11/18
Auction 432
Lot 618
wileycDec 01, 2018
Denier - Guy II de La Roche 1294-1308 AD19 viewsObverse
Translation: Grand Duke of Athens

Castle Tournois
Translation: City of Thebes


Metcalf 1078
wileycSep 27, 2018
Islamic weight12 views2 Uquiyyah of 29.035 each
18 by 15mm
defaced surface
wileycSep 27, 2018
Clipped SB 196616 viewsObverse: IC-XC (bar above) in field, Christ bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and colobion, seated upon throne without back; holds gospels in left hand.
Reverse: MAN(monogram)HA AECIIOT or var, MP OV bar above in upper right field, Full-length figure of emperor, bearded on left, crowned by Virgin nimbate. Emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-peice, and jewelled loros of simplified type; holds in right hand labarum-headed scepter, and in left globus cruciger. Virgin wears tunic and maphorion.
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1167-1183?
Sear 1966
20mm, 1.40g
wileycSep 16, 2018

Random files - wileyc's Gallery
AE Tetarteron John II SB 195315 viewsObverse: Bust of Christ facing wearing nimbus cr. pallium and colobium, rasiing r. hand in benediction, in l. book of Gospels to l. IC to r., XC.
Reverse: +IW AECIIOT or similar Bust facing wearing crown and jewelled chlamys and holding jewelled sceptre and gl. cr.
Mint: Thessalonica
Date: 118-1143 CE
Sear 1953 H 11.11-12
18mm 2.35gm
AE trachy Michael VIII Palaeologus SB 228014 viewsObverse: Christ enthroned
Reverse: Michael stg., holding long cross and castle B to left which is a Palaeologid symbol)
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1261-1282 CE
Sear 2280 Gr. 1376
17/21 mm 1.36 gm

B to left is a Palaeologid symbol
Class G, sb1867 attributed to Romanus IV 1068-1071 CE10 viewsObverse: Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cr., pallium and colobium, and raising r. hand in benediction; in l., hand scroll ; to l., IC to r., XC barred.
Reverse: Facing bust of virgans roans, nimbate and wearing palladium and maphorium; to l., MP to r., OV; border of large pellets.
Mint: Constantinople
Date: 1068-1071 CE
SB 1867 Class G
31mm, 7.39g