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Republic and Imperatorial


BRVTVS.jpg

Roman silver denarii from the Republican and Imperatorial eras

37 files, last one added on Jun 05, 2014

Mark Antony


AntonyOctavian.jpg

Marcus Antonius beter known as Mark Antony was a member of the Antonia gens. Antony was born in Rome, around 83 BC. His father was Marcus Antonius Creticus, the son of the great rhetorician Marcus Antonius Orator executed by Gaius Marius' supporters in 86 BC. Through his mother, Julia Antonia, he was a distant cousin of Julius Caesar.

57 files, last one added on Jan 31, 2015

Julio-Claudians 1st Century


NeroVictory.jpg

early Imperial and Provincial coins from Augustus to Nero

36 files, last one added on Jan 31, 2015

Civil War-Flavians


Titus.jpg

The civil war to Vespasian Titus and Domitian

59 files, last one added on Feb 14, 2015

Adoptive and Antonine Emperors of the 2nd Century


Nerva_Concordia.jpg

Nerva to Commodus

24 files, last one added on May 11, 2014

Severan's to the Illyrian Emperor's of the 3rd Century


Philip.jpg

26 files, last one added on Feb 11, 2014

Diocletian to the Byzantine Emperor's


Justinian_I_solidus_002.jpg

26 files, last one added on Oct 11, 2012

Italy, Greece & the rest!


Thasos_Tet.jpg

25 files, last one added on Apr 10, 2015

Places in and Around Rome


Pantheon~1.jpg

Places of historical intrest in Rome and Pompeii. I tried to use images that gave a feel for what life might have been like at the end of the Republic and the early Imperial period.

27 files, last one added on Oct 08, 2007

Artifacts


horsefibula.jpg

26 files, last one added on Apr 21, 2015

SOLD COINS


Gotarzes_II.jpg

Coins that were once mine

60 files, last one added on Jun 24, 2013

 

11 albums on 1 page(s)

Last additions - Jay GT4's Gallery
Bracelet.jpg
Bronze engraved bracelet14 viewsIntact (Roman?) Bronze engraved bracelet.

Engraved on both sides with the same motif.

Alternating pattern of lines and chevrons starting on both ends. Triangle on both sides with punch marks around and tree or leaf motif within. Leaf with stem (arrow?) on the ends.

Bronze

14.11g

Pannonia

Some original patina remains but entire piece treated with Jax brown patina and then waxed.
1 commentsJay GT4Apr 21, 2015
CalabriaOwl2.jpg
Calabria Tarentum AR Drachm38 viewsHead of Athena to right, wearing crested Attic helmet adorned with Skylla preparing to hurl a stone

Owl standing to right on olive branch, head facing; ZOR (magistrate) to right, TAP to left.

3.07g

Circa 281-276 BC.

Vlasto 1048. McGill 135, Cote 348, Sear 367v.
8 commentsJay GT4Apr 10, 2015
Thrace.JPG
Thrace Mesembria Diobol42 viewsCrested Corinthian helmet facing.

M-E-T-A within wheel, surrounded by border of radiating lines.

SNG. BM. 268

11 mm

1.30g

Black Sea Hoard fake
1 commentsJay GT4Apr 07, 2015
Arrowtip.jpg
Roman Arrow tip17 viewsBronze Roman arrow tip

40 mm x 7 mm

5.09g

1-3rd century AD
1 commentsJay GT4Mar 25, 2015
keyring.jpg
Roman Key Ring28 viewsRoman bronze key ring

ring 24 mm, height 33 mm

13.72g

2nd century AD

A Roman Signifer (standard bearer) was also the cohorts banker. He kept records of what the soldiers deposited with him for safe keeping and he had the key to the strong box. Not only did the soldiers protect the Signifer to prevent the standard from being captured (which would be a disgrace) but also so that they could get their money back!

There is no way to know if this was an actual Signifer key as many other professions would have items locked away.
3 commentsJay GT4Mar 25, 2015
Belt_buckle_plate.jpg
Roman Belt plate24 viewsBronze Roman Military belt plate, buckle missing. Punch design on face. Three rivet holes.

31mm x 21mm

5.5g

Pannonia

mid 1st-2nd century
Jay GT4Mar 04, 2015
Belt_plate.jpg
Roman Open work belt plate27 viewsRoman bronze Open work Military belt plate.
Washer and pin on reverse peened over to secure leather belt

65mm x 21mm

12.86g

Pannonia

2nd century AD

Antonine period
3 commentsJay GT4Mar 04, 2015
Roman_Pin.jpg
Roman Bird tip distaff29 viewsBronze Roman distaff

Long pin with bird (dove) on tip, finial on stem

86mm x 4mm; tip 12mm x 12mm

6.92g

Pannonia

3-6th century AD

Often described on ebay and by dealers as a senatorial voting stick. This description is completely unfounded and is likely a distaff for spinning thread.

From Shawn Caza:

According to Madgearu these bird-head/ring-bottom sticks are likely distaffs for spinning thread, though they may be a form of hair pin. The bird at top is usually thought to be a dove. They have been found all along the Rhine and Danube Limes, in Spain, in Switzerland and in the Near East. In many old works they were usually dated to the 5th-6th c AD. However, Madgearu reports on one which has been contextually dated to the mid-3rd c AD - buried in a Romanian site destroyed in AD 245. It is thought that they are the later Christian version of earlier sticks, often in bone, with Venus at the top. The dove was a representation of Venus that was then retained as a representation of the Holy Ghost in Christian times. Madgearu then lists 25 different archaeological finds of these sticks. These are dated, when known, to the 4th - 6th c AD.

1 commentsJay GT4Mar 04, 2015
4thcentbuckle.jpg
Roman Belt Buckle19 viewsRoman military belt buckle

Bronze kidney shaped loop with iron pin, attached heart shaped plate, two rivet holes

Early 4th century

38mm x 41mm

11.17g
2 commentsJay GT4Feb 23, 2015
Strap_end.jpg
Legionary apron strap end23 viewsRoman Legionary apron strap end with suspension loop

Rivet still in place were it would have been fastened to leather apron

Mid 1st century-2nd century
65mm x 10mm; loop 13mm
9.29g

Ex-Noble
2 commentsJay GT4Feb 18, 2015
Julia_Titi.jpg
Julia Titi Cistophorus Tetradrachm52 viewsIVLIA AVGVSTA DIVI TITI F
Draped bust of Julia right

VESTA
Vesta seated left, holding Palladium and sceptre

Rome mint for Eastern circulation, 82 AD

10.60g

Sear 2914, RIC II 848 (Domitian), RPC II 871, RSC 15, BMCRE Domitian 258

Rare

Ex-Calgary Coins

Julia was the daughter of Titus and lived with her uncle Domitian as his mistress from 84 AD until her death in 89 AD. Suetonius said she died as a result of an abortion which was forced on her by Domitian. After her death she was deified which is commemorated on this coin.
5 commentsJay GT4Feb 14, 2015
Gold_earing.jpg
Roman Gold Earing27 viewsRoman Gold Earing

Looped at one end, globular design on the other

1-3rd century

13mm

0.48g

Ex-ANE
Jay GT4Feb 14, 2015
Horse_seal_box.jpg
Bronze Roman Seal box42 viewsBronze seal box with image of lion, jug above, wreath below, ( horse head to right?)

Attached to packages or letters that are tied with strings. The strings pass into the box which is then filled with wax, to protect against tampering.

Bronze

26mm x 21mm x 7mm.

3mm diameter holes

5.56g

2-3rd Century?

Pannonia

Ex-Ancient Treasures
4 commentsJay GT4Feb 12, 2015
JubaCleo.jpg
Juba II & Cleopatra Selene daughter of Antony25 viewsJuba II of Mauretania and Cleopatra Selene

REX IVBA REGIS IVBA E F R A VI
Head of Juba II left.

BACIΛICCA KΛE - OΠATPA
Cleopatra Selene left

dated year 6 = 20-19 BC.

3.12g

Rare

Ex-William McDonald Collection

SNG Cop. 546 ; Mazard 357 ; Sear 6000 ; Müller III, 108, 87

Wildwinds example


Juba II was the only son and heir of his father King Juba I. King Juba I was the King of Numidia and ally to Pompey the Great. He fought against Julius Caesar at the battle of Thapsus and lost commiting suicide soon after. His son Juba II was taken away to Rome to be paraded in Caesar's Triumph's. He was then raised in Caesar's houshold and educated in both Latin and Greek excelling in his studies. He was praised as one of Rome's most educated citizens and at age 20 even published a work entitled Roman Archaeology. He became life long friends with Julius Caesar's heir Octavian. He accompanied Octavian on several campaigns during the turbulent times after Caesar's death even fighting at the battle of Actium against his future wifes parents...Antony and Cleopatra VII.

Augustus restored Juba II as the king of Numidia between 29 BC-27 BC and Numidia become one of the most loyal client kings that served Rome. Between 26 BC-20 BC, Augustus arranged for him to marry Cleopatra Selene II (Daughter of Antony and Cleopatra) giving her a large dowry and appointing her queen. She also had been paraded in a Triumph in Rome after the battle of Actium. It was probably due to his services with Augustus in a campaign in Spain that led Augustus to make him King of Mauretania.

Cleopatra is said to have exerted considerable influence on Juba II's policies. Juba II encouraged and supported the performing arts, research of the sciences and research of natural history. Juba II also supported Mauretanian trade. Mauretania traded all over the Mediterranean and exported fish grapes, pearls, figs, grain, wooden furniture and purple dye harvested from certain shellfish, which was used in the manufacture of purple stripes for senatorial robes. Juba II sent a contingent to Iles Purpuraires to re-establish the ancient Phoenician dye manufacturing process.

Cleopatra Selene seems to have inherited the same qualities of both Antony and Cleopatra VII. She was strong willed and maintained her Egyptian/Greek heritage. She seems intent on continuing the Ptolomaic line of strong women rulers using the same titles as her mother. She died sometime before Juba II. The Greek Historian Plutarch describes Juba II as 'one of the most gifted rulers of his time'. Between 2 BC-2, he travelled with Gaius Caesar as a member of his advisory staff to the troubled Eastern Mediterranean. In 21, Juba II made his son Ptolemy co-ruler. Juba II died in 23 AD. He had two children by Cleopatra Selene, Ptolomy of Mauretania (1 BC- 40 AD) and Drusilla of Mauretania (born in 5 AD). He was burried in the Mausolium he constructed for himself and his wife which is still visible today. A partial inscription attributed to her reads:

The moon herself grew dark, rising at sunset,
Covering her suffering in the night,
Because she saw her beautiful namesake, Selene,
Breathless, descending to Hades,
With her she had had the beauty of her light in common,
And mingled her own darkness with her death
Jay GT4Jan 31, 2015
Agrippa~2.jpg
Marcus Agrippa28 viewsM AGRIPPA L F COS III
head of Agrippa left wearing rostral crown

SC
Neptune standing holding dolphin and trident

AE As
Issued by Caligula in honour of his deceased grandfather Agrippa

Minted in Rome 37-41 A.D.

9.06g

Ex- Ancient Treasures
5 commentsJay GT4Jan 31, 2015
Antonia~1.jpg
Antonia Augusta20 viewsANTONIA AVGVSTA
Head of Antonia right

TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP SC
Claudius veiled and togate standing left holding simpulum

11.47g

Sear 1902

Antonia was the younger daughter of Mark Antony and Octavia and was born on January 31st 36B.C. She was married at age 20 to Tiberius' younger brother Nero Claudius Drusus and had two sons, the great Germanicus and the future emperor Claudius. She was widowed in 9 BC and refused to marry again and devoted her life to her families interests. Her wealth and status made her very influencial during Tiberius' reign and it was she who brought about the downfall of Sejanus.

On the accession of her grandson Caligula in 37 AD she received many honours but died later that year at the age of 73. She did not receive postumous honours until the reign of her son Claudius in 41 AD and all of the coinage in Antonia's name was issued by Claudius.
Jay GT4Jan 31, 2015

Random files - Jay GT4's Gallery
Piso.jpg
90 BC Calpurnius Piso49 viewsLaureate head of Apollo right

L PISO FRVGI
Naked horseman galloping to the right holding palm-branch
CXXXI ? in exergue

Rome 90 BC

3.71g

Sear 235

"This extraordinarily large and complex issue represents one of the principal war coinages of the Romans during the conflict with the Marsic Confederation. The control-Marks are legion and consist of letters, mumerals and symbols in a multitude of combinations on the obverse and reverse" SEAR Millenium Edition
Jay GT4
Gallienus.jpg
Gallienus41 viewsGALLIENVS AVG
Radiate bust right

AETERNITAS AVG
Sol standing left, right hand raised, left hand holding globe

Rome
267-268 AD

Sear 10169 (var), RIC 160 (var.), Gobl (MIR) 576a

1 commentsJay GT4
DSC00166.JPG
Fibula22 viewsRoman bronze knee shape fibula

2nd Century AD
Jay GT4
AntonyLEGXIII.jpg
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG XIII29 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
galley r. mast with banners at prow

Rev LEG XIII legionary eagle between two standards


Patrae mint 32-31BC

New Photo

Legio XIII was levied by Julius Caesar in 57 BC, before marching against the Belgae, in one of his early interventions in intra-Gallic conflicts.

During the Gallic wars (58-51 BC), Legio XIII was present at the Battle against the Nervians, the siege of Gergovia, and while not specifically mentioned in the sources, it is not unreasonable to assume that Legio XIII was also present for the Battle of Alesia.

Forced to choose either the end of his political career, or civil war, Caesar brought Legio XIII across the Rubicon river and into Italy. The legion remained faithful to Caesar during the resulting civil war between Caesar and the conservative Optimates faction of the senate, whose legions were commanded by Pompey. Legio XIII was active throughout the entire war, fighting at Dyrrhachium (48 BC) and Pharsalus (48 BC). After the decisive victory over Pompey at Pharsalus, the legion was to be disbanded, and the legionaries "pensioned off" with the traditional land grants; however, the legion was recalled for the Battle of Thapsus (46 BC) and the final Battle of Munda (45 BC). After Munda, Caesar disbanded the legion, retired his veterans, and gave them farmlands in Italy.

Reconstituted by Octavian in 41 BC.
Its standard was the lion.
Jay GT4