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Republic and Imperatorial


BRVTVS.jpg

Roman silver denarii from the Republican and Imperatorial eras

37 files, last one added on Jun 05, 2014

Mark Antony


AntonyOctavian.jpg

Marcus Antonius beter known as Mark Antony was a member of the Antonia gens. Antony was born in Rome, around 83 BC. His father was Marcus Antonius Creticus, the son of the great rhetorician Marcus Antonius Orator executed by Gaius Marius' supporters in 86 BC. Through his mother, Julia Antonia, he was a distant cousin of Julius Caesar.

55 files, last one added on Oct 25, 2014

Julio-Claudians 1st Century


NeroVictory.jpg

early Imperial and Provincial coins from Augustus to Nero

37 files, last one added on Nov 18, 2014

Civil War-Flavians


Titus.jpg

The civil war to Vespasian Titus and Domitian

57 files, last one added on Oct 25, 2014

Adoptive and Antonine Emperors of the 2nd Century


Nerva_Concordia.jpg

Nerva to Commodus

25 files, last one added on May 11, 2014

Severan's to the Illyrian Emperor's of the 3rd Century


Philip.jpg

26 files, last one added on Feb 11, 2014

Diocletian to the Byzantine Emperor's


Justinian_I_solidus_002.jpg

26 files, last one added on Oct 11, 2012

Italy, Greece & the rest!


Thasos_Tet.jpg

25 files, last one added on Oct 25, 2014

Places in and Around Rome


Pantheon~1.jpg

Places of historical intrest in Rome and Pompeii. I tried to use images that gave a feel for what life might have been like at the end of the Republic and the early Imperial period.

27 files, last one added on Oct 09, 2007

Artifacts


horsefibula.jpg

16 files, last one added on Nov 03, 2014

SOLD COINS


Minerva~0.jpg

Coins that were once mine

56 files, last one added on Jun 24, 2013

 

11 albums on 1 page(s)

Last additions - Jay GT4's Gallery
nero_contorniate.jpg
Nero Protocontorniate26 viewsNERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP
Laureate head right

PACE P R VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT SC
Temple of Janus with doors closed

Rome 65 AD

9.22g

SEAR 1974

Edges hammered in antiquity (1st-3rd century) to create a "proto-contorniate"

Better in Hand!


Ex-Tater's

From Numiswiki protocontorniate:

A protocontorniate is a normal, large-module bronze coin, typically a sestertius, which at some point was later altered by hammering the edges of the coin so that it could serve some other use. A common assumption is that protocontorniates functioned as game counters since the rim created through hammering could protect the designs. Andreas Alföldi believed protocontorniates to be forerunners of the contorniates of the fourth and fifth centuries. He argued that protocontorniates were New Year’s gifts and that the older coins were actually hammered in the fourth century before the contorniates proper came into being.
1 commentsJay GT4Nov 18, 2014
DSC00070.JPG
Tetrarchy Imperial Lead Seal26 viewsTwo augusti Diocletian and Maximian face to face.
Below the two Caesares Galerius and Constantius face to face.
Dolphin between


17.79g
3 commentsJay GT4Nov 03, 2014
TarasCalabria.jpg
Taras, Calabria Didrachm28 viewsNaked youth galloping right on horseback left, crowning horse with right hand, monogram ΣY in field behind youth and ΛΥK INOΣ below horse

Taras seated on dolphin left, holding chalmys and thrusting trident in right hand, owl behind TAPAS in Exergue

Calabria 272-235 BC

6.62g

Vlasto 836

Ex-Pars Coins
Ex-Calgary Coins
3 commentsJay GT4Oct 25, 2014
DomitianTet.jpg
Domitian Tetradrachm50 viewsIMP CAES DOMITIANVS
Laureate head of Domitian right

AVG GERM
Six ears of corn; P in exergue

Possibly minted in Rome for circulation in Asia

circa 95 AD

10.17g

RPC 874/1, RIC 853

RPC lists 9 examples but only one with the P in exergue

Ex-Pars Coins
Ex-Calgary Coins
10 commentsJay GT4Oct 25, 2014
LEG_XV.jpg
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG XV20 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
galley r. mast with banners at prow

LEG XV
legionary eagle between two standards

3.28g

Patrae mint 32-31BC

Founded by Julius Caesar in 54 BC
Known also as the XV Apollinaris meaning "belonging to the god Apollo"
Jay GT4Oct 25, 2014
LEGIIII~0.jpg
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG IIII40 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
galley r. mast with banners at prow

LEG IIII
legionary eagle between two standards

3.04g

Patrae mint 32-31BC

Sear Imperator's 353; Crawford 544/16; Cohen 29

Ex-Calgary Coin

RARE

This type with LEG IIII rather than LEG IV is quite rare. No examples were found in the Delos Hoard of 1905
Jay GT4Oct 25, 2014
ANTLEGXIV.jpg
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG XIV22 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
Galley right, mast with banners at prow

LEG XIV
Legionary eagle between two standards


Patrae mint 32-31BC

3.25g

Ex-Aegean
Jay GT4Oct 06, 2014
VESPwinged.jpg
Vespasian Denarius36 viewsIMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG
Laureate head of Vespasian right.

PON MAX TR P COS V
Winged caduceus.

Rome 74 AD
3.32g

RIC 703; BMC 138; RSC 362

Ex-ANE
5 commentsJay GT4Oct 06, 2014
AntonySolAVG.jpg
Mark Antony Sol denarius34 viewsM ANTONIVS M F M N AVGVR IMP TERT around (MP and RT ligatured)
Mark Antony, veiled and wearing the priestly robes of an Augur, standing right, holding lituus in right hand.

III VIR R P C COS DESIG ITER ET TERT
Radiate head of Sol right

Athens
Summer 38 BC

3.92g
Crawford 533/2, Sear Imperators 267

Ex-ANE, Ex-Seaby with original ticket

New Photo

Antony's third Imperatorial acclimation resulted from Ventidius' victory at Gindarus. Antony's depiction in priestly robes of an augur emphasizes the importance which he placed on the possession of this religious office. The word AVGVR features prominently on most of Antony's remaining coinage right down to Actium. No doubt this was to stress his adherence to Republican traditions. Sol is symbolic of the East and shows Antony's personal concern for eastern affairs after the distraction caused by his extended stay in Italy starting in the second half of 40 BC and running almost the whole of the following year
6 commentsJay GT4Aug 23, 2014
AntonyLEGXIII.jpg
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG XIII21 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
galley r. mast with banners at prow

Rev LEG XIII legionary eagle between two standards


Patrae mint 32-31BC

New Photo

Legio XIII was levied by Julius Caesar in 57 BC, before marching against the Belgae, in one of his early interventions in intra-Gallic conflicts.

During the Gallic wars (58-51 BC), Legio XIII was present at the Battle against the Nervians, the siege of Gergovia, and while not specifically mentioned in the sources, it is not unreasonable to assume that Legio XIII was also present for the Battle of Alesia.

Forced to choose either the end of his political career, or civil war, Caesar brought Legio XIII across the Rubicon river and into Italy. The legion remained faithful to Caesar during the resulting civil war between Caesar and the conservative Optimates faction of the senate, whose legions were commanded by Pompey. Legio XIII was active throughout the entire war, fighting at Dyrrhachium (48 BC) and Pharsalus (48 BC). After the decisive victory over Pompey at Pharsalus, the legion was to be disbanded, and the legionaries "pensioned off" with the traditional land grants; however, the legion was recalled for the Battle of Thapsus (46 BC) and the final Battle of Munda (45 BC). After Munda, Caesar disbanded the legion, retired his veterans, and gave them farmlands in Italy.

Reconstituted by Octavian in 41 BC.
Its standard was the lion.
Jay GT4Aug 23, 2014
AntonyCaesarportrait.jpg
Mark Antony & Julius Caesar portrait denarius85 viewsM ANTON IMP R P C
Bare head of Mark Antony right, bearded, lituus behind

CAESAR DIC
Wreathed head of Caesar right, capis behind

Gaul, November 43 BC

Imperators 123, Crawford 488/2, Sydenham 1166, Cohen 3, BMCRR Gaul 55, 57

3.05g

Rare!

Ex-Alberta coins

From Sears Imperator's:

"This issue would appear to be a revival of the type struck by Antony in the spring during the war around Mutina. After his Gallic adventures Antony, accompanied by his ally Lepidus, was now back in Cisalpine Gaul to meet with his former opponent Octavian. The conference between the three men at Bononia in early November, set the seal on the formation of the Second Triumvirate, an event commemorated by this issue. It clearly belongs to the period immediately following the agreement at Bononia as the form of the triumviral titulature (R P C) had not yet been expanded to the normal III VIR R P C. A distinctive feature of this coinage is the portrait of Antony which has a strangely elongated form, giving it something of the appearance of a caricature. Presumably, Antony's retinue at this time lacked the services of a die-engraver competent in the art of portraiture."
2 commentsJay GT4Aug 15, 2014
NeroEXSC.jpg
Nero Pre-Reform Denarius38 viewsNERO CAESAR AVG IMP
Bare head of Nero right

TR P III P P PONTIF MAX EX SC
Legend around oak-wreath enclosing "EX. S C.

Lugdunum, 60-61 AD

3.71g

Sear 1936, RIC 22, BMCRE 24, RSC 216

Rare!

Ex-Alberta Coins

Some encrustations remain
4 commentsJay GT4Aug 15, 2014
ClaudAntoniaTet.jpg
Claudius & Antonia Tetradrachm112 viewsTI KΛAY∆I KAIΣ ΣEBA ΓEPMANI AYTOKP
laureate head right, date LB (year 2) before

ANTΩNIA ΣEBAΣTH
bust of Antonia right, hair in queue

29 Sep 41 - 28 Sep 42 A.D.

Alexandria mint

11.054g, 23.2mm, die axis 0o,

RPC 5117; Geissen 62; Milne 61; BMC Alexandria p. 9, 65; Dattari 114; SNG Milan 620, SNG Cop 57; Sommer 12.3, Emmett 73

Scarce

Ex-Forum

Antonia was the youngest daughter of Mark Antony and Octavia. She was a niece of the Emperor Augustus, sister-in-law of the Emperor Tiberius, paternal grandmother of the Emperor Caligula and Empress Agrippina the Younger, mother of the Emperor Claudius, and both maternal great-grandmother and paternal great-aunt of the Emperor Nero. She was additionally the maternal great-aunt of the Empress Valeria Messalina and Faustus Cornelius Sulla Felix, and paternal grandmother of Claudia Antonia, Claudia Octavia, and Britannicus.
3 commentsJay GT4Jun 13, 2014
Diana.jpg
74 BC* C POSTVMIVS25 viewsDraped bust of Diana right, wearing hair tied into knot; bow and quiver over shoulder

Hunting dog running right, spear below
C. POSTVMI / TA in exergue

Rome 74 BC

3.15g

Sear 330
1 commentsJay GT4Jun 05, 2014
Thermus.jpg
103 BC Q. Minucius M.f. Thermus26 viewsHead of young Mars left, wearing crested helmet

Q THERM MF (THE and MF in monogram)
Roman soldier advancing right, fighting with uplifted sword a barbarian soldier before him and protecting with shield a fallen comrade at his feet

Rome 103 BC
3.71g

Sear 197
1 commentsJay GT4Jun 05, 2014
NeroActium.jpg
Nero Billon Tetradrachm44 viewsNEPΩ KΛAV KAIΣ ΣEB ΓEP AV
Radiate bust left, wearing aegis. Date LIΔ.

ΠYΘEIOΣ AΠOΛΛΩN.
Laureate bust of Apollo Aktios right, quiver over shoulder; star before.

Alexandria mint, Year 14= 67-68 AD

12.18g

RPC 5318, Köln 195; Dattari 207; Milne 300; Emmett 111

Ex-ANE



3 commentsJay GT4May 30, 2014
Parion.jpg
Myisa, Parion. Hemidrachm32 viewsGorgoneion

ΠA PI
Bull standing left, head turned to look back; kerykeion below

Mysia, Parion
350-300 BC

SNG BN -. Symbol not recorded in the standard reference.


2.20g

Ex-ANE
1 commentsJay GT4May 30, 2014
Hadrian_Galliae.jpg
Hadrian Galliae 43 viewsHADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Laureate head right.

RESTITVTORI GALLIAE.
Hadrian standing left, holding volumen and raising kneeling Gallia right.

Rome 134-8 AD

3.24g

RIC 324.
2 commentsJay GT4May 11, 2014
DomitianFortuna.jpg
Domitian Fortuna59 viewsIMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XIII CENS PER PP
Laureate head of Domitian right

FORTVNAE AVGVSTI SC
Fortuna standing left holding rudder and cornucopiae

Rome 87 AD

10.9g

RIC 544

Ex-Tater's
7 commentsJay GT4Mar 31, 2014
birdfibula.jpg
Zoomorphic Bird plate fibula27 viewsZoomorphic fibula

Bird type (eagle?)

Pin missing


2nd Century AD

32 mm X 26 mm

10.08g

Böhme 43a
2 commentsJay GT4Mar 04, 2014

Random files - Jay GT4's Gallery
ANTLEGIV.jpg
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG IV30 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
galley right, mast with banners at prow

LEG IV
Legionary eagle between two standards

Patrae mint 32-31BC

3.34g

ex-Arcade coin

The coin that started it. This was my first Mark Antony coin!

In its first years, the whereabouts of IV Scythica are uncertain, although it is probable that it took part in Antony's campaign against the Parthians. The name suggests that it fought against the Scythians. After the battle of Actium and Antony's suicide, Octavian transferred IV Scythica to the Danube province of Moesia. The legion is reported to have taken part in civilian tasks, such as the building and keeping of roads. In his youth, future emperor Vespasian served in this legion.
2 commentsJay GT4
antonyden.jpg
Mark Antony Sol denarius224 viewsM ANTONIVS M F M N AVGVR IMP TERT around (MP and RT ligatured)
Mark Antony, veiled and wearing the priestly robes of an Augur, standing right, holding lituus in right hand.

III VIR R P C COS DESIG ITER ET TERT
Radiate head of Sol right

Athens
Summer 38 BC

3.92g
Crawford 533/2, Sear Imperators 267

Ex-ANE, Ex-Seaby with original ticket

Antony's third Imperatorial acclimation resulted from Ventidius' victory at Gindarus. Antony's depiction in priestly robes of an augur emphasizes the importance which he placed on the possession of this religious office. The word AVGVR features prominently on most of Antony's remaining coinage right down to Actium. No doubt this was to stress his adherence to Republican traditions. Sol is symbolic of the East and shows Antony's personal concern for eastern affairs after the distraction caused by his extended stay in Italy starting in the second half of 40 BC and running almost the whole of the following year
3 commentsJay GT4
AntonyLEGXIII.jpg
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG XIII21 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
galley r. mast with banners at prow

Rev LEG XIII legionary eagle between two standards


Patrae mint 32-31BC

New Photo

Legio XIII was levied by Julius Caesar in 57 BC, before marching against the Belgae, in one of his early interventions in intra-Gallic conflicts.

During the Gallic wars (58-51 BC), Legio XIII was present at the Battle against the Nervians, the siege of Gergovia, and while not specifically mentioned in the sources, it is not unreasonable to assume that Legio XIII was also present for the Battle of Alesia.

Forced to choose either the end of his political career, or civil war, Caesar brought Legio XIII across the Rubicon river and into Italy. The legion remained faithful to Caesar during the resulting civil war between Caesar and the conservative Optimates faction of the senate, whose legions were commanded by Pompey. Legio XIII was active throughout the entire war, fighting at Dyrrhachium (48 BC) and Pharsalus (48 BC). After the decisive victory over Pompey at Pharsalus, the legion was to be disbanded, and the legionaries "pensioned off" with the traditional land grants; however, the legion was recalled for the Battle of Thapsus (46 BC) and the final Battle of Munda (45 BC). After Munda, Caesar disbanded the legion, retired his veterans, and gave them farmlands in Italy.

Reconstituted by Octavian in 41 BC.
Its standard was the lion.
Jay GT4
Longus.jpg
42 BC L. Mussidius Longus94 viewsCONCORDIA
Veiled and diad. head of Concordia right star below chin

L. MVSSIDIVS LONGVS
Shrine of Venus Cloacina consisting of circular platform, inscribed CLOACIN, surmounted by two statues of the goddess

Rome
42 BC

3.42g
Sear 494, RRC 494/42

ex-Canadian Coin

In Roman mythology, Cloacina (Latin, cloaca: "sewer" or "drain") was the goddess who presided over the Cloaca Maxima the main sewer drain in Rome. The Cloaca Maxima is traditionally said to have beeen started by one of Rome's Etruscan kings, Tarquinius Priscus. Despite her Etruscan origins, she later became identified with Venus.

Titus Tatius, who reigned with Romulus, erected a statue to Cloacina as the spirit of the "Great Drain". As well as controlling sewers, she was also a protector of sexual intercourse in marriage. The Romans believed that a good sewage system was important for the success of Rome, as a good sewer system was necessary for the physical health of Roman citizens. Additionally, Romans worshipped Cloacina as the goddess of purity. Cloacina was worshipped as an aspect of Venus at the small Shrine of Venus Cloacina, located in front of the Basilica Aemilia in the Roman Forum and directly above the Cloaca Maxima. The depiction on the reverse of this coin is that shrine.

The image of Concordia could be interpreted to convey the thought of Unity between the triumvirs to defeat Brutus and Cassius. Venus Cloacina on the reverse conveys the thought of purification for the treacherous murder of the dictator Julius Caesar by men who claimed to be his friends.
4 commentsJay GT4
DSC00228.JPG
Pompeii Temple of Jupiter Steps96 viewsSteps leading up to the temple of JupiterTitus Pullo