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Republic and Imperatorial


BRVTVS.jpg

Roman silver denarii from the Republican and Imperatorial eras

37 files, last one added on Jun 05, 2014

Mark Antony


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Marcus Antonius beter known as Mark Antony was a member of the Antonia gens. Antony was born in Rome, around 83 BC. His father was Marcus Antonius Creticus, the son of the great rhetorician Marcus Antonius Orator executed by Gaius Marius' supporters in 86 BC. Through his mother, Julia Antonia, he was a distant cousin of Julius Caesar.

57 files, last one added on Jan 31, 2015

Julio-Claudians 1st Century


NeroVictory.jpg

early Imperial and Provincial coins from Augustus to Nero

36 files, last one added on Jan 31, 2015

Civil War-Flavians


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The civil war to Vespasian Titus and Domitian

59 files, last one added on Feb 14, 2015

Adoptive and Antonine Emperors of the 2nd Century


Nerva_Concordia.jpg

Nerva to Commodus

24 files, last one added on May 11, 2014

Severan's to the Illyrian Emperor's of the 3rd Century


Philip.jpg

26 files, last one added on Feb 11, 2014

Diocletian to the Byzantine Emperor's


Justinian_I_solidus_002.jpg

26 files, last one added on Oct 11, 2012

Italy, Greece & the rest!


Thasos_Tet.jpg

23 files, last one added on Oct 25, 2014

Places in and Around Rome


Pantheon~1.jpg

Places of historical intrest in Rome and Pompeii. I tried to use images that gave a feel for what life might have been like at the end of the Republic and the early Imperial period.

27 files, last one added on Oct 09, 2007

Artifacts


horsefibula.jpg

23 files, last one added on Mar 04, 2015

SOLD COINS


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Coins that were once mine

60 files, last one added on Jun 24, 2013

 

11 albums on 1 page(s)

Last additions - Jay GT4's Gallery
Belt_buckle_plate.jpg
Roman Belt plate8 viewsBronze Roman Military belt plate, buckle missing. Punch design on face. Three rivet holes.

31mm x 21mm

5.5g

Pannonia

mid 1st-2nd century
Jay GT4Mar 04, 2015
Belt_plate.jpg
Roman Open work belt plate10 viewsRoman bronze Open work Military belt plate.
Washer and pin on reverse peened over to secure leather belt

65mm x 21mm

12.86g

Pannonia

2nd century AD

Antonine period
3 commentsJay GT4Mar 04, 2015
Roman_Pin.jpg
Roman Bird tip distaff11 viewsBronze Roman distaff

Long pin with bird (dove) on tip, finial on stem

86mm x 4mm; tip 12mm x 12mm

6.92g

Pannonia

3-6th century AD

Often described on ebay and by dealers as a senatorial voting stick. This description is completely unfounded and is likely a distaff for spinning thread.

From Shawn Caza:

According to Madgearu these bird-head/ring-bottom sticks are likely distaffs for spinning thread, though they may be a form of hair pin. The bird at top is usually thought to be a dove. They have been found all along the Rhine and Danube Limes, in Spain, in Switzerland and in the Near East. In many old works they were usually dated to the 5th-6th c AD. However, Madgearu reports on one which has been contextually dated to the mid-3rd c AD - buried in a Romanian site destroyed in AD 245. It is thought that they are the later Christian version of earlier sticks, often in bone, with Venus at the top. The dove was a representation of Venus that was then retained as a representation of the Holy Ghost in Christian times. Madgearu then lists 25 different archaeological finds of these sticks. These are dated, when known, to the 4th - 6th c AD.

1 commentsJay GT4Mar 04, 2015
4thcentbuckle.jpg
Roman Belt Buckle13 viewsRoman military belt buckle

Bronze kidney shaped loop with iron pin, attached heart shaped plate, two rivet holes

Early 4th century

38mm x 41mm

11.17g
2 commentsJay GT4Feb 23, 2015
Strap_end.jpg
Legionary apron strap end17 viewsRoman Legionary apron strap end with suspension loop

Rivet still in place were it would have been fastened to leather apron

Mid 1st century-2nd century
65mm x 10mm; loop 13mm
9.29g

Ex-Noble
2 commentsJay GT4Feb 18, 2015
Julia_Titi.jpg
Julia Titi Cistophorus Tetradrachm41 viewsIVLIA AVGVSTA DIVI TITI F
Draped bust of Julia right

VESTA
Vesta seated left, holding Palladium and sceptre

Rome mint for Eastern circulation, 82 AD

10.60g

Sear 2914, RIC II 848 (Domitian), RPC II 871, RSC 15, BMCRE Domitian 258

Rare

Ex-Calgary Coins

Julia was the daughter of Titus and lived with her uncle Domitian as his mistress from 84 AD until her death in 89 AD. Suetonius said she died as a result of an abortion which was forced on her by Domitian. After her death she was deified which is commemorated on this coin.
4 commentsJay GT4Feb 14, 2015
Gold_earing.jpg
Roman Gold Earing17 viewsRoman Gold Earing

Looped at one end, globular design on the other

1-3rd century

13mm

0.48g

Ex-ANE
Jay GT4Feb 14, 2015
Horse_seal_box.jpg
Bronze Roman Seal box36 viewsBronze seal box with image of lion, jug above, wreath below, ( horse head to right?)

Attached to packages or letters that are tied with strings. The strings pass into the box which is then filled with wax, to protect against tampering.

Bronze

26mm x 21mm x 7mm.

3mm diameter holes

5.56g

2-3rd Century?

Pannonia

Ex-Ancient Treasures
4 commentsJay GT4Feb 12, 2015
JubaCleo.jpg
Juba II & Cleopatra Selene daughter of Antony20 viewsJuba II of Mauretania and Cleopatra Selene

REX IVBA REGIS IVBA E F R A VI
Head of Juba II left.

BACIΛICCA KΛE - OΠATPA
Cleopatra Selene left

dated year 6 = 20-19 BC.

3.12g

Rare

Ex-William McDonald Collection

SNG Cop. 546 ; Mazard 357 ; Sear 6000 ; Müller III, 108, 87

Wildwinds example


Juba II was the only son and heir of his father King Juba I. King Juba I was the King of Numidia and ally to Pompey the Great. He fought against Julius Caesar at the battle of Thapsus and lost commiting suicide soon after. His son Juba II was taken away to Rome to be paraded in Caesar's Triumph's. He was then raised in Caesar's houshold and educated in both Latin and Greek excelling in his studies. He was praised as one of Rome's most educated citizens and at age 20 even published a work entitled Roman Archaeology. He became life long friends with Julius Caesar's heir Octavian. He accompanied Octavian on several campaigns during the turbulent times after Caesar's death even fighting at the battle of Actium against his future wifes parents...Antony and Cleopatra VII.

Augustus restored Juba II as the king of Numidia between 29 BC-27 BC and Numidia become one of the most loyal client kings that served Rome. Between 26 BC-20 BC, Augustus arranged for him to marry Cleopatra Selene II (Daughter of Antony and Cleopatra) giving her a large dowry and appointing her queen. She also had been paraded in a Triumph in Rome after the battle of Actium. It was probably due to his services with Augustus in a campaign in Spain that led Augustus to make him King of Mauretania.

Cleopatra is said to have exerted considerable influence on Juba II's policies. Juba II encouraged and supported the performing arts, research of the sciences and research of natural history. Juba II also supported Mauretanian trade. Mauretania traded all over the Mediterranean and exported fish grapes, pearls, figs, grain, wooden furniture and purple dye harvested from certain shellfish, which was used in the manufacture of purple stripes for senatorial robes. Juba II sent a contingent to Iles Purpuraires to re-establish the ancient Phoenician dye manufacturing process.

Cleopatra Selene seems to have inherited the same qualities of both Antony and Cleopatra VII. She was strong willed and maintained her Egyptian/Greek heritage. She seems intent on continuing the Ptolomaic line of strong women rulers using the same titles as her mother. She died sometime before Juba II. The Greek Historian Plutarch describes Juba II as 'one of the most gifted rulers of his time'. Between 2 BC-2, he travelled with Gaius Caesar as a member of his advisory staff to the troubled Eastern Mediterranean. In 21, Juba II made his son Ptolemy co-ruler. Juba II died in 23 AD. He had two children by Cleopatra Selene, Ptolomy of Mauretania (1 BC- 40 AD) and Drusilla of Mauretania (born in 5 AD). He was burried in the Mausolium he constructed for himself and his wife which is still visible today. A partial inscription attributed to her reads:

The moon herself grew dark, rising at sunset,
Covering her suffering in the night,
Because she saw her beautiful namesake, Selene,
Breathless, descending to Hades,
With her she had had the beauty of her light in common,
And mingled her own darkness with her death
Jay GT4Jan 31, 2015
Agrippa~2.jpg
Marcus Agrippa18 viewsM AGRIPPA L F COS III
head of Agrippa left wearing rostral crown

SC
Neptune standing holding dolphin and trident

AE As
Issued by Caligula in honour of his deceased grandfather Agrippa

Minted in Rome 37-41 A.D.

9.06g

Ex- Ancient Treasures
4 commentsJay GT4Jan 31, 2015
Antonia~1.jpg
Antonia Augusta16 viewsANTONIA AVGVSTA
Head of Antonia right

TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP SC
Claudius veiled and togate standing left holding simpulum

11.47g

Sear 1902

Antonia was the younger daughter of Mark Antony and Octavia and was born on January 31st 36B.C. She was married at age 20 to Tiberius' younger brother Nero Claudius Drusus and had two sons, the great Germanicus and the future emperor Claudius. She was widowed in 9 BC and refused to marry again and devoted her life to her families interests. Her wealth and status made her very influencial during Tiberius' reign and it was she who brought about the downfall of Sejanus.

On the accession of her grandson Caligula in 37 AD she received many honours but died later that year at the age of 73. She did not receive postumous honours until the reign of her son Claudius in 41 AD and all of the coinage in Antonia's name was issued by Claudius.
Jay GT4Jan 31, 2015
VespasianJupiter.jpg
Vespasian denarius57 viewsIMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG
laureate head of Vespasian right

IOVIS CVSTOS
Jupiter standing half-left, sacrificing from patera in right over small lit altar at feet on left, long scepter grounded behind in left


Rome, 75 - 76 A.D.

3.458g, die axis 180o


RIC II, part 1, 849; BMCRE III 276; RSC II 222; BnF III 249; SRCV I 2295

Ex-Heritage CICF World and Ancient Coins Signature Auction 3032, part of lot 30530, Ex- Forum
9 commentsJay GT4Jan 25, 2015
ANTVerus.jpg
Mark Antony restitution issue by Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus44 viewsANTONIVS AVGVR III VIR R P C
Galley moving left over waves

ANTONINVS ET VERVS AVG REST
Legionary eagle between two standards LEG VI across lower field

Rome 168-9 AD

3.17g

Sear 5236; RIC 443; RSC Mark Antony 83

Ex-ANE

Sear:
The reasons for this remarkable restoration remain obscure. Mattingly suggests that Legio VI Ferrata, which had fought for Antony at Philippi in 42 BC, may have played a leading role in the Parthian War of AD 164, the exceptional commemoration of this achievement on the coinage being prompted both by the legion's long and distinguished history and the similarity of the names "Antonius" and "Antoninus". The 200th Anniversary of the battle of Actium perhaps provides a more obvious reason for the issue.

Curtis Clay:
The reason for the restoration is not in doubt in my opinion, having been discerned by Mommsen in 1859.

Because of their lower silver content, Antony's legionary denarii were excluded from Trajan's recoinage of 107, and therefore Trajan did not restore this type.
But by the reign of Marcus and Verus, the silver content of the current denarius had fallen to the point that it had now become profitable to recoin Antony's denarii. Marcus and Verus did so, and therefore restored the coin too, picking at random one of the commoner legions for their restoration, since it was quite unnecessary to restore coins for several different legions, or for all of them!

The Reka Devnia hoard, ending essentially in c. 241 AD, still contained 9 original legionary denarii of Antony, plus 20 restorations by Marcus and Verus!
3 commentsJay GT4Dec 08, 2014
nero_contorniate.jpg
Nero Protocontorniate48 viewsNERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP
Laureate head right

PACE P R VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT SC
Temple of Janus with doors closed

Rome 65 AD

9.22g

SEAR 1974

Edges hammered in antiquity (1st-3rd century) to create a "proto-contorniate"

Better in Hand!


Ex-Tater's

From Numiswiki protocontorniate:

A protocontorniate is a normal, large-module bronze coin, typically a sestertius, which at some point was later altered by hammering the edges of the coin so that it could serve some other use. A common assumption is that protocontorniates functioned as game counters since the rim created through hammering could protect the designs. Andreas Alföldi believed protocontorniates to be forerunners of the contorniates of the fourth and fifth centuries. He argued that protocontorniates were New Year’s gifts and that the older coins were actually hammered in the fourth century before the contorniates proper came into being.
1 commentsJay GT4Nov 18, 2014
DSC00070.JPG
Tetrarchy Imperial Lead Seal41 viewsTwo augusti Diocletian and Maximian face to face.
Below the two Caesares Galerius and Constantius face to face.
Dolphin between


17.79g
4 commentsJay GT4Nov 03, 2014
TarasCalabria.jpg
Taras, Calabria Didrachm46 viewsNaked youth galloping right on horseback left, crowning horse with right hand, monogram ΣY in field behind youth and ΛΥK INOΣ below horse

Taras seated on dolphin left, holding chalmys and thrusting trident in right hand, owl behind TAPAS in Exergue

Calabria 272-235 BC

6.62g

Vlasto 836

Ex-Pars Coins
Ex-Calgary Coins
4 commentsJay GT4Oct 25, 2014
DomitianTet.jpg
Domitian Tetradrachm73 viewsIMP CAES DOMITIANVS
Laureate head of Domitian right

AVG GERM
Six ears of corn; P in exergue

Possibly minted in Rome for circulation in Asia

circa 95 AD

10.17g

RPC 874/1, RIC 853

RPC lists 9 examples but only one with the P in exergue

Ex-Pars Coins
Ex-Calgary Coins
11 commentsJay GT4Oct 25, 2014
LEG_XV.jpg
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG XV27 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
galley r. mast with banners at prow

LEG XV
legionary eagle between two standards

3.28g

Patrae mint 32-31BC

Founded by Julius Caesar in 54 BC
Known also as the XV Apollinaris meaning "belonging to the god Apollo"
Jay GT4Oct 25, 2014
LEGIIII~0.jpg
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG IIII53 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
galley r. mast with banners at prow

LEG IIII
legionary eagle between two standards

3.04g

Patrae mint 32-31BC

Sear Imperator's 353; Crawford 544/16; Cohen 29

Ex-Calgary Coin

RARE

This type with LEG IIII rather than LEG IV is quite rare. No examples were found in the Delos Hoard of 1905
Jay GT4Oct 25, 2014
ANTLEGXIV.jpg
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG XIV25 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
Galley right, mast with banners at prow

LEG XIV
Legionary eagle between two standards


Patrae mint 32-31BC

3.25g

Ex-Aegean
Jay GT4Oct 06, 2014

Random files - Jay GT4's Gallery
002.jpg
Gordian III and Tranquillina 35 viewsGordian III & Tranquillina AE28

AVT K M ANT GORDIANOC CEB, TPANKVLA
Confronted draped busts of Gordian III and Tranquillina

ODHCC EITWN
Athena standing left, holding spear & shield, E in left field

Odessos, Thrace.
14.27g

Moushmov 1684

SOLD!
1 commentsJay GT4
LEGIIII.jpg
Mark Antony Legionary denarius LEG IIII60 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
galley r. mast with banners at prow

LEG IIII
legionary eagle between two standards

3.22g

Patrae mint 32-31BC

Sear Imperator's 353; Crawford 544/16; Cohen 29

Ex-Gutierrez Ruesga Spain

RARE

This type with LEG IIII rather than LEG IV is quite rare. No examples were found in the Delos Hoard of 1905





In its first years, the whereabouts of IV Scythica are uncertain, although it is probable that it took part in Antony's campaign against the Parthians. The name suggests that it fought against the Scythians. After the battle of Actium and Antony's suicide, Octavian transferred IV Scythica to the Danube province of Moesia. The legion is reported to have taken part in civilian tasks, such as the building and keeping of roads. In his youth, future emperor Vespasian served in this legion.
1 commentsJay GT4
vespNeptune~0.jpg
Vespasian56 viewsIMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII
Laureate head of Vespasian right

NEP RED
Neptune standing left, right foot on globe, holding aplustre and sceptre

Antioch
76 AD

2.46g

Sear 2276, RIC 361

Scarce!

The reverse of this type is copied from the coinage of Octavian
2 commentsJay GT4
LEG_V~0.jpg
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG V 75 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
galley r. mast with banners at prow

Rev LEG V legionary eagle between two standards


Patrae mint 32-31BC

Legio V Alaudae (also known as Gallica) was the first Roman legion composed of provincial soldiers, as opposed to Roman citizens. Caesar paid the soldiers with his own resources, but the legion was later recognized by the Roman Senate. V Alaudae fought in the Gallic wars until 49 BC, as one of the most brave legions of Caesar, then they were moved to Spain. They served with Mark Antony between 41 and 31 BC and probably fought in Actium. After Antony committed suicide, they were merged into Augustus' army in 30 BC.

Their emblem depicted an elephant and was awarded in 46 BC for bravery against a charge of elephants in the Battle of Thapsus.
Titus Pullo
PtolemyREX.jpg
AUGUSTUS & PTOLEMY OF NUMIDIA AE semis141 viewsAVGVSTVS DIVI F
bare head of Augustus right

C LAETILIVS APALVS II V Q, REX PTOL (Ptolemy, King) within diadem

Carthago Nova, Spain, under sole 'duovir quinqunennales' C Laetilius Apalus.

18.5mm, 5.3g.
RPC 172.

Ex-Incitatus

Ptolemy of Numidia was the son of King Juba II of Numidia and Cleopatra Selene II. He was also the grandson of Mark Antony and Cleopatra VII on his mohter's side. He was named in honor of the memory of Cleopatra VII, the birthplace of his mother and the birthplace of her relatives. In choosing her son's name, Cleopatra Selene II created a distinct Greek-Egyptian tone and emphasized her role as the monarch who would continue the Ptolemaic dynasty. She by-passed the ancestral names of her husband. By naming her son Ptolemy instead of a Berber ancestral name, she offers an example rare in ancient history, especially in the case of a son who is the primary male heir, of reaching into the mother's family instead of the father's for a name. This emphasized the idea that his mother was the heiress of the Ptolemies and the leader of a Ptolemaic government in exile.

Through his parents he received Roman citizenship and was actually educated in Rome. Amazingly he grew up in the house of his maternal aunt, and Antony's daughter Antonia Minor, the youngest daughter of Mark Antony and the youngest niece of Augustus. Antonia was also a half-sister of Ptolemy's late mother, also a daughter of Mark Antony. Antonia Minor's mother was Octavia Minor, Mark Antony's fourth wife and the second sister of Octavian (later Augustus). Ptolemy lived in Rome until the age of 21, when he returned to the court of his aging father in Mauretania.

Ptolemy was a co-ruler with his father Juba II until Juba's death and was the last semi-autonomous ruler of Africa. On a visit to Rome in 40 AD he was seen by the Emperor Caligula in an amphitheather wearing a spectacular purpal cloak. A jealous Caligula had him murdered for his fashionable purple cloak.
2 commentsJay GT4