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Republic and Imperatorial


BRVTVS.jpg

Roman silver denarii from the Republican and Imperatorial eras

37 files, last one added on Jun 05, 2014

Mark Antony


AntonyOctavian.jpg

Marcus Antonius beter known as Mark Antony was a member of the Antonia gens. Antony was born in Rome, around 83 BC. His father was Marcus Antonius Creticus, the son of the great rhetorician Marcus Antonius Orator executed by Gaius Marius' supporters in 86 BC. Through his mother, Julia Antonia, he was a distant cousin of Julius Caesar.

56 files, last one added on Dec 08, 2014

Julio-Claudians 1st Century


NeroVictory.jpg

early Imperial and Provincial coins from Augustus to Nero

37 files, last one added on Nov 18, 2014

Civil War-Flavians


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The civil war to Vespasian Titus and Domitian

57 files, last one added on Oct 25, 2014

Adoptive and Antonine Emperors of the 2nd Century


Nerva_Concordia.jpg

Nerva to Commodus

25 files, last one added on May 11, 2014

Severan's to the Illyrian Emperor's of the 3rd Century


Philip.jpg

26 files, last one added on Feb 11, 2014

Diocletian to the Byzantine Emperor's


Justinian_I_solidus_002.jpg

26 files, last one added on Oct 11, 2012

Italy, Greece & the rest!


Thasos_Tet.jpg

25 files, last one added on Oct 25, 2014

Places in and Around Rome


Pantheon~1.jpg

Places of historical intrest in Rome and Pompeii. I tried to use images that gave a feel for what life might have been like at the end of the Republic and the early Imperial period.

27 files, last one added on Oct 09, 2007

Artifacts


horsefibula.jpg

16 files, last one added on Nov 03, 2014

SOLD COINS


Minerva~0.jpg

Coins that were once mine

56 files, last one added on Jun 24, 2013

 

11 albums on 1 page(s)

Last additions - Jay GT4's Gallery
ANTVerus.jpg
Mark Antony restitution issue by Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus28 viewsANTONIVS AVGVR III VIR R P C
Galley moving left over waves

ANTONINVS ET VERVS AVG REST
Legionary eagle between two standards LEG VI across lower field

Rome 168-9 AD

3.17g

Sear 5236; RIC 443; RSC Mark Antony 83

Ex-ANE

Sear:
The reasons for this remarkable restoration remain obscure. Mattingly suggests that Legio VI Ferrata, which had fought for Antony at Philippi in 42 BC, may have played a leading role in the Parthian War of AD 164, the exceptional commemoration of this achievement on the coinage being prompted both by the legion's long and distinguished history and the similarity of the names "Antonius" and "Antoninus". The 200th Anniversary of the battle of Actium perhaps provides a more obvious reason for the issue.

Curtis Clay:
The reason for the restoration is not in doubt in my opinion, having been discerned by Mommsen in 1859.

Because of their lower silver content, Antony's legionary denarii were excluded from Trajan's recoinage of 107, and therefore Trajan did not restore this type.
But by the reign of Marcus and Verus, the silver content of the current denarius had fallen to the point that it had now become profitable to recoin Antony's denarii. Marcus and Verus did so, and therefore restored the coin too, picking at random one of the commoner legions for their restoration, since it was quite unnecessary to restore coins for several different legions, or for all of them!

The Reka Devnia hoard, ending essentially in c. 241 AD, still contained 9 original legionary denarii of Antony, plus 20 restorations by Marcus and Verus!
2 commentsJay GT4Dec 08, 2014
nero_contorniate.jpg
Nero Protocontorniate37 viewsNERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP
Laureate head right

PACE P R VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT SC
Temple of Janus with doors closed

Rome 65 AD

9.22g

SEAR 1974

Edges hammered in antiquity (1st-3rd century) to create a "proto-contorniate"

Better in Hand!


Ex-Tater's

From Numiswiki protocontorniate:

A protocontorniate is a normal, large-module bronze coin, typically a sestertius, which at some point was later altered by hammering the edges of the coin so that it could serve some other use. A common assumption is that protocontorniates functioned as game counters since the rim created through hammering could protect the designs. Andreas Alföldi believed protocontorniates to be forerunners of the contorniates of the fourth and fifth centuries. He argued that protocontorniates were New Year’s gifts and that the older coins were actually hammered in the fourth century before the contorniates proper came into being.
1 commentsJay GT4Nov 18, 2014
DSC00070.JPG
Tetrarchy Imperial Lead Seal34 viewsTwo augusti Diocletian and Maximian face to face.
Below the two Caesares Galerius and Constantius face to face.
Dolphin between


17.79g
4 commentsJay GT4Nov 03, 2014
TarasCalabria.jpg
Taras, Calabria Didrachm36 viewsNaked youth galloping right on horseback left, crowning horse with right hand, monogram ΣY in field behind youth and ΛΥK INOΣ below horse

Taras seated on dolphin left, holding chalmys and thrusting trident in right hand, owl behind TAPAS in Exergue

Calabria 272-235 BC

6.62g

Vlasto 836

Ex-Pars Coins
Ex-Calgary Coins
4 commentsJay GT4Oct 25, 2014
DomitianTet.jpg
Domitian Tetradrachm65 viewsIMP CAES DOMITIANVS
Laureate head of Domitian right

AVG GERM
Six ears of corn; P in exergue

Possibly minted in Rome for circulation in Asia

circa 95 AD

10.17g

RPC 874/1, RIC 853

RPC lists 9 examples but only one with the P in exergue

Ex-Pars Coins
Ex-Calgary Coins
11 commentsJay GT4Oct 25, 2014
LEG_XV.jpg
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG XV22 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
galley r. mast with banners at prow

LEG XV
legionary eagle between two standards

3.28g

Patrae mint 32-31BC

Founded by Julius Caesar in 54 BC
Known also as the XV Apollinaris meaning "belonging to the god Apollo"
Jay GT4Oct 25, 2014
LEGIIII~0.jpg
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG IIII45 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
galley r. mast with banners at prow

LEG IIII
legionary eagle between two standards

3.04g

Patrae mint 32-31BC

Sear Imperator's 353; Crawford 544/16; Cohen 29

Ex-Calgary Coin

RARE

This type with LEG IIII rather than LEG IV is quite rare. No examples were found in the Delos Hoard of 1905
Jay GT4Oct 25, 2014
ANTLEGXIV.jpg
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG XIV24 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
Galley right, mast with banners at prow

LEG XIV
Legionary eagle between two standards


Patrae mint 32-31BC

3.25g

Ex-Aegean
Jay GT4Oct 06, 2014
VESPwinged.jpg
Vespasian Denarius37 viewsIMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG
Laureate head of Vespasian right.

PON MAX TR P COS V
Winged caduceus.

Rome 74 AD
3.32g

RIC 703; BMC 138; RSC 362

Ex-ANE
5 commentsJay GT4Oct 06, 2014
AntonySolAVG.jpg
Mark Antony Sol denarius38 viewsM ANTONIVS M F M N AVGVR IMP TERT around (MP and RT ligatured)
Mark Antony, veiled and wearing the priestly robes of an Augur, standing right, holding lituus in right hand.

III VIR R P C COS DESIG ITER ET TERT
Radiate head of Sol right

Athens
Summer 38 BC

3.92g
Crawford 533/2, Sear Imperators 267

Ex-ANE, Ex-Seaby with original ticket

New Photo

Antony's third Imperatorial acclimation resulted from Ventidius' victory at Gindarus. Antony's depiction in priestly robes of an augur emphasizes the importance which he placed on the possession of this religious office. The word AVGVR features prominently on most of Antony's remaining coinage right down to Actium. No doubt this was to stress his adherence to Republican traditions. Sol is symbolic of the East and shows Antony's personal concern for eastern affairs after the distraction caused by his extended stay in Italy starting in the second half of 40 BC and running almost the whole of the following year
6 commentsJay GT4Aug 23, 2014
AntonyLEGXIII.jpg
Mark Antony Legionary Denarius LEG XIII24 viewsANT AVG III VIR R P C
galley r. mast with banners at prow

Rev LEG XIII legionary eagle between two standards


Patrae mint 32-31BC

New Photo

Legio XIII was levied by Julius Caesar in 57 BC, before marching against the Belgae, in one of his early interventions in intra-Gallic conflicts.

During the Gallic wars (58-51 BC), Legio XIII was present at the Battle against the Nervians, the siege of Gergovia, and while not specifically mentioned in the sources, it is not unreasonable to assume that Legio XIII was also present for the Battle of Alesia.

Forced to choose either the end of his political career, or civil war, Caesar brought Legio XIII across the Rubicon river and into Italy. The legion remained faithful to Caesar during the resulting civil war between Caesar and the conservative Optimates faction of the senate, whose legions were commanded by Pompey. Legio XIII was active throughout the entire war, fighting at Dyrrhachium (48 BC) and Pharsalus (48 BC). After the decisive victory over Pompey at Pharsalus, the legion was to be disbanded, and the legionaries "pensioned off" with the traditional land grants; however, the legion was recalled for the Battle of Thapsus (46 BC) and the final Battle of Munda (45 BC). After Munda, Caesar disbanded the legion, retired his veterans, and gave them farmlands in Italy.

Reconstituted by Octavian in 41 BC.
Its standard was the lion.
Jay GT4Aug 23, 2014
AntonyCaesarportrait.jpg
Mark Antony & Julius Caesar portrait denarius92 viewsM ANTON IMP R P C
Bare head of Mark Antony right, bearded, lituus behind

CAESAR DIC
Wreathed head of Caesar right, capis behind

Gaul, November 43 BC

Imperators 123, Crawford 488/2, Sydenham 1166, Cohen 3, BMCRR Gaul 55, 57

3.05g

Rare!

Ex-Alberta coins

From Sears Imperator's:

"This issue would appear to be a revival of the type struck by Antony in the spring during the war around Mutina. After his Gallic adventures Antony, accompanied by his ally Lepidus, was now back in Cisalpine Gaul to meet with his former opponent Octavian. The conference between the three men at Bononia in early November, set the seal on the formation of the Second Triumvirate, an event commemorated by this issue. It clearly belongs to the period immediately following the agreement at Bononia as the form of the triumviral titulature (R P C) had not yet been expanded to the normal III VIR R P C. A distinctive feature of this coinage is the portrait of Antony which has a strangely elongated form, giving it something of the appearance of a caricature. Presumably, Antony's retinue at this time lacked the services of a die-engraver competent in the art of portraiture."
3 commentsJay GT4Aug 15, 2014
NeroEXSC.jpg
Nero Pre-Reform Denarius44 viewsNERO CAESAR AVG IMP
Bare head of Nero right

TR P III P P PONTIF MAX EX SC
Legend around oak-wreath enclosing "EX. S C.

Lugdunum, 60-61 AD

3.71g

Sear 1936, RIC 22, BMCRE 24, RSC 216

Rare!

Ex-Alberta Coins

Some encrustations remain
4 commentsJay GT4Aug 15, 2014
ClaudAntoniaTet.jpg
Claudius & Antonia Tetradrachm114 viewsTI KΛAY∆I KAIΣ ΣEBA ΓEPMANI AYTOKP
laureate head right, date LB (year 2) before

ANTΩNIA ΣEBAΣTH
bust of Antonia right, hair in queue

29 Sep 41 - 28 Sep 42 A.D.

Alexandria mint

11.054g, 23.2mm, die axis 0o,

RPC 5117; Geissen 62; Milne 61; BMC Alexandria p. 9, 65; Dattari 114; SNG Milan 620, SNG Cop 57; Sommer 12.3, Emmett 73

Scarce

Ex-Forum

Antonia was the youngest daughter of Mark Antony and Octavia. She was a niece of the Emperor Augustus, sister-in-law of the Emperor Tiberius, paternal grandmother of the Emperor Caligula and Empress Agrippina the Younger, mother of the Emperor Claudius, and both maternal great-grandmother and paternal great-aunt of the Emperor Nero. She was additionally the maternal great-aunt of the Empress Valeria Messalina and Faustus Cornelius Sulla Felix, and paternal grandmother of Claudia Antonia, Claudia Octavia, and Britannicus.
3 commentsJay GT4Jun 13, 2014
Diana.jpg
74 BC* C POSTVMIVS27 viewsDraped bust of Diana right, wearing hair tied into knot; bow and quiver over shoulder

Hunting dog running right, spear below
C. POSTVMI / TA in exergue

Rome 74 BC

3.15g

Sear 330
1 commentsJay GT4Jun 05, 2014
Thermus.jpg
103 BC Q. Minucius M.f. Thermus31 viewsHead of young Mars left, wearing crested helmet

Q THERM MF (THE and MF in monogram)
Roman soldier advancing right, fighting with uplifted sword a barbarian soldier before him and protecting with shield a fallen comrade at his feet

Rome 103 BC
3.71g

Sear 197
2 commentsJay GT4Jun 05, 2014
NeroActium.jpg
Nero Billon Tetradrachm47 viewsNEPΩ KΛAV KAIΣ ΣEB ΓEP AV
Radiate bust left, wearing aegis. Date LIΔ.

ΠYΘEIOΣ AΠOΛΛΩN.
Laureate bust of Apollo Aktios right, quiver over shoulder; star before.

Alexandria mint, Year 14= 67-68 AD

12.18g

RPC 5318, Köln 195; Dattari 207; Milne 300; Emmett 111

Ex-ANE



3 commentsJay GT4May 30, 2014
Parion.jpg
Myisa, Parion. Hemidrachm34 viewsGorgoneion

ΠA PI
Bull standing left, head turned to look back; kerykeion below

Mysia, Parion
350-300 BC

SNG BN -. Symbol not recorded in the standard reference.


2.20g

Ex-ANE
1 commentsJay GT4May 30, 2014
Hadrian_Galliae.jpg
Hadrian Galliae 44 viewsHADRIANVS AVG COS III P P
Laureate head right.

RESTITVTORI GALLIAE.
Hadrian standing left, holding volumen and raising kneeling Gallia right.

Rome 134-8 AD

3.24g

RIC 324.
2 commentsJay GT4May 11, 2014
DomitianFortuna.jpg
Domitian Fortuna64 viewsIMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XIII CENS PER PP
Laureate head of Domitian right

FORTVNAE AVGVSTI SC
Fortuna standing left holding rudder and cornucopiae

Rome 87 AD

10.9g

RIC 544

Ex-Tater's
7 commentsJay GT4Mar 31, 2014

Random files - Jay GT4's Gallery
bridge002.jpg
Roman Bridge61 viewsThis is a Roman bridge in the south of Italy (Calabria) at the bottom of my grandmothers town today called Scigliano but in ancient times was known as Sturni. "Annibale’s Bridge” (Hannibal) is also known as ”The Bridge of Saint Angelo" The road and surrounding area is completely grown over but it was once a part of the Via Popilia which once joined Reggio Calabria to Capua. The bridge crosses the Savuto river. There are no tourists here, it is only known by the locals and is claimed to be the oldest free standing Roman bridge! It dates to 130 BC.Titus Pullo
Constantius.jpg
Constantius II35 viewsFL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
laureate, draped & cuirassed bust left

PROVIDENTIAE CAESS
camp-gate with two turrets & star above PTRE in exe

Trier 327-8 AD
Ric 506
Titus Pullo
Scipio.jpg
47-46 BC Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio36 viewsQ METEL SCIPIO IMP
head of Africa right, laur. and clad in elephant's skin, corn-ear before, plough below

EPPIVS LEG F C

Naked Hercules standing facing right, hand on hip resting on club set on rock

North Africa
47-46 BC

Sear 1380/1

Born Publius Cornelius Scipio Nasica. He was adopted by his uncle by marriage and father's second cousin Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius. He married Aemilia Lepida, daughter of Mamercus Aemilius Lepidus Livianus (son of the Censor Marcus Livius Drusus and wife Cornelia Scipio and adopted by Mamercus Aemilius Lepidus) and wife Claudia (sister of Appius Claudius Pulcher (Senior)), and was the father in law of Pompey the Great, married to his daughter Cornelia Metella, called Quinta Pompeia for being his fifth wife.

He was Tribune in 59 BC and became Consul with Pompey the Great in 52 BC. During Caesar's civil war, he served the party of Pompey and fought against Caesar and Marcus Antonius. In 49 BC he was sent as Proconsul to Syria and the following year he took part in the Battle of Pharsalus, where he commanded the center of the Republican battleline. After Pharsalus he fled to Africa were he commanded an army with Cato the Younger, losing in the Battle of Thapsus. After the defeat he tried to escape but was cornered by the fleet of Publius Sittius when he wrecked the ship as he tried to escape to the Iberian Peninsula, to continue to fight from there. He committed suicide by stabbing himself so he would not fall at the hands of his enemies.
1 commentsJay GT4
Caesar~0.jpg
46-45 BC Gauis Julius Caesar43 viewsDiademed head of Venus right, small cupid at shoulder behind


CAESAR
trophy of Gallic arms between two seated male and female captives

Spain 46-45 BC

3.71g
Sear 1404

ex-Calgary coins

Minted for the Spanish campaign against the Pompey brothers, the obverse of this series is occupied by the head of Venus, ancestress of the Julia gens along with a small Cupid identifying her as Venus Genetrix. Caesar had recently dedicated a temple in the forum to her. The reverse revives the theme of victory in Gaul probably to remind his veteran legions of the glory and success in years past. These veterans who were overdue for discharge were now being called on to face the Pompeian threat for the third time in two and a half years.
2 commentsJay GT4
Probus.jpg
Probus Billon Antoninianus57 viewsIMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG
Radiate, mantled bust left holding eagle tipped scepter

SOL INVICTO
Sol in spread Quadriga holding whip KAΓ in ex

Serdica 277 AD
RIC 864 Bust type H
Scarce


New picture after cleaning revealed nice silvering under the grime.
5 commentsJay GT4