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BRITAIN - COINS FEATURING BRITANNIA


CHARLES_II_AR_Farthing_Pattern_1676.JPG

This album contains coins depicting Britannia ranging from the time of the Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius, through her re-appearance on British currency in the reign of Charles II up until her removal from the regular currency of Britain at the end of the 20th Century.

83 files, last one added on Jul 19, 2018

GREEK - ALEXANDER THE GREAT


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This gallery contains various issues of Alexander the Great.

6 files, last one added on Oct 21, 2017

ROMAN - COMMEMORATIVE AND HISTORICAL TYPES


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This album contains a range of coins including those which commemorate specific historical events as well as City Commemorative and Divus/Diva types.

97 files, last one added on Jul 19, 2018

ROMAN PROVINCIAL - ALEXANDRIA TETRADRACHMS


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This album contains Greek Imperial (Roman Provincial) coins struck at Alexandria, Egypt from the time of Nero until the issues ceased in the time of Diocletian.

19 files, last one added on Jul 15, 2018

ROMAN - IMPERIAL TO CARINUS


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This gallery contains a selection of imperial coins up to the reign of Carinus.

25 files, last one added on Feb 13, 2018

ROMAN - PROBUS


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This album contains a selection of coins from the reign of Probus. Many thanks to Martin Griffiths (maridvnvm) for his help with the attributions.

20 files, last one added on Dec 24, 2017

ROMAN - THE TETRARCHY


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This gallery contains coins issued by those who ruled during the period of the Tetrarchy initiated by Diocletian.

22 files, last one added on Jun 21, 2018

ROMAN - CONSTANTINE & LICINIUS


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This gallery contains a variety of coins issued from the accession of Diocletian up to the reign of Constantine I.

37 files, last one added on Apr 01, 2018

ROMAN - FAMILY OF CONSTANTINE


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Coins struck during the reigns of the family of Constantine up to the reign of Julian II.

28 files, last one added on Jun 22, 2018

ROMAN - JOVIAN TO MARCIAN


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This gallery consists mostly of late 4th to early 5th century coins.

48 files, last one added on Jun 22, 2018

BRITAIN - 18th & 19th CENTURY TOKENS


Coin_cabinet_medal.JPG

18th century tokens first appeared in 1787 and were struck in large numbers over the next ten years. They began as payment for workers in the manufacturing and mining industries of the early Industrial Revolution but proved so popular that pieces for general circulation were soon issued.
At the beginning of the 19th century official coins were again in short supply and by 1811, penny, halfpenny and farthing tokens were once more being manufactured. These tokens became extremely popular and were accepted locally as a regular medium of exchange until they were all banned following the great re-coinage of 1816.

56 files, last one added on Jul 09, 2018

FRENCH JETONS


Louis_XIV_AE_(Brass)_Jeton.jpg

Historically, a jeton was at first just a counter, then a sort of small medal and finally more like a token.
During the Middle Ages, jetons were only used as counters for calculations on a lined board similar to an abacus. After the Renaissance, especially under Louis XIV, they were issued as small medals depicting the great events of the king's reign. They were very popular during the17th and 18th centuries and became collector's items in France and the Netherlands, the first catalogues date from the beginning of the 17th century. Collectors were especially interested in them as a source and illustration of history, which was sometimes called building up an "histoire metallique," a history in metal.
This gallery primarily contains jetons issued during the reign of Louis XIV.

9 files, last one added on Oct 28, 2017

FORVM - Linked Items


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Nothing to see here.

15 files, last one added on Jul 09, 2018

 

13 albums on 1 page(s)

Last additions - *Alex's Gallery
Elizabeth-2_50_Pence_1999.JPG
1999 ELIZABETH II DECIMAL CuNi FIFTY PENCE0 viewsObverse: ELIZABETH.II.D.G.REG.F.D.1999. Head of Elizabeth II wearing tiara facing right.
Reverse: FIFTY PENCE. Britannia seated facing right, left hand holding laurel branch, right holding trident and resting on shield; recumbent lion behind at her feet; 50 in exergue.
Proof issue struck from polished dies with frosted highlights.
Diameter 27.3mm | Weight 8.0gms
SPINK: 4610 PROOF

This portrait was designed by the sculptor Ian Rank-Broadley, it appeared on all UK and Commonwealth coinage from 1998 until it was superseded by a new portrait in 2015. The tiara which the Queen is shown wearing on this coin was given to her as a wedding present by her grandmother, Queen Mary.

This decimal 50 pence was the last British coin to depict the traditional Britannia which had featured on British coinage for more than 300 years, having begun on a farthing under Charles II in 1672. Britannia made her last appearance in 2008 after Gordon Brown personally approved changing the design as one of his last acts as Chancellor of the Exchequer.
*AlexJul 19, 2018
Divo-Galerius_Temple.JPG
Struck A.D.310 - 312 under Maxentius. DIVUS MAXIMIANUS. Commemorative Follis of Ostia1 viewsObverse: IMP MAXENTIVS DIVO MAXIMIANO PATRI. Veiled head of Maximianus facing right.
Reverse: AETERNA MEMORIA. Shrine or temple with domed roof surmounted by eagle, right door ajar; in exergue, MOSTS.
Diameter: 24mm | Weight: 5.2gms | Die Axis: 12
RIC VI : 26
RARE

The temple depicted on the reverse of this coin is in all probability the Temple of Divus Romulus begun by Maxentius around A.D.311 but left unfinished on his death in A.D.312. The original bronze doors of the Temple of Divus Romulus still survive and are pictured below. They are set between two porphyry columns that support a reused marble architrave and open into a rotunda fifty Roman feet in diameter covered by a cupola which is accessible from the rear through the Basilica of Santi Cosma e Damiano. The temple was converted into a vestibule for the church early in the 6th century.
*AlexJul 19, 2018
Elizabeth_2_50_Pence_1997.JPG
1997 ELIZABETH II DECIMAL CuNi SMALL FIFTY PENCE0 viewsObverse: ELIZABETH II D.G.REG.F.D.1997. Diademed bust of Elizabeth II facing right.
Reverse: FIFTY PENCE. Britannia seated facing right, left hand holding laurel branch, right holding trident and resting on shield; recumbent lion behind at her feet; 50 in exergue.
Proof issue struck from polished dies with frosted highlights.
Diameter 27.3mm | Weight 8.0gms
SPINK: 4351 PROOF (Small module)

This "Third Portrait" of Elizabeth II was Raphael Maklouf's first coin design and it was used on the coinage from 1985 to 1997 inclusive. Raphael Maklouf was born in Jerusalem in 1937 and came to the United Kingdom after the Second World War. The Royal diadem which the Queen is shown wearing on this coin is the one she wears on her way to and from the State Opening of Parliament.
*AlexJul 18, 2018
Elizabeth_2_50_Pence_1989.JPG
1989 ELIZABETH II DECIMAL CuNi LARGE FIFTY PENCE0 viewsObverse: ELIZABETH II D.G.REG.F.D.1989. Diademed bust of Elizabeth II facing right.
Reverse: FIFTY PENCE. Britannia seated facing right, left hand holding laurel branch, right holding trident and resting on shield; recumbent lion behind at her feet; 50 in exergue.
Proof issue struck from polished dies with frosted highlights.
Diameter 30mm | Weight 13.5gms
SPINK: 4351 PROOF (Large module)

This "Third Portrait" of Elizabeth II was Raphael Maklouf's first coin design and it was used on the coinage from 1985 to 1997 inclusive. Raphael Maklouf was born in Jerusalem in 1937 and came to the United Kingdom after the Second World War. The Royal diadem which the Queen is shown wearing on this coin is the one she wears on her way to and from the State Opening of Parliament.
*AlexJul 18, 2018
CHARLES_II_AR_Farthing_Pattern_1676.JPG
1676 Charles II AR "Pattern Farthing"1 viewsObverse: CAROLVS•A•CAROLO•. Laureate and cuirassed bust of Charles II with long hair facing left, 1676 below.
Reverse: QVATVOR•MARIA VINDICO•. Britannia seated facing left, holding laurel branch and spear; BRITANNIA in exergue. No pellet between MARIA and VINDICO.
Diameter: 26mm | Weight: 5.9gms | Die Axis: 12h
Peck : 492
PATTERN OR MEDALET - RARE

This periwigged portrait of Charles II was designed by Jan (John) Roettier (1631 - 1700).
The legend, "Quatuor Maria Vindico," means "I claim the four seas," which Peck explains was "intended to give prominence to the king's pride and interest in the navy." The reason this legend never appeared on circulating coinage was probably because the legend was thought to be too provocative to the King of France.

It was Montagu who called this a Roettier pattern farthing of Charles II which, until the discovery in 1903 of 89 specimens in the cabinet of the Marquis of Ailsbury, had hitherto been considered the rarest of the “pattern farthings” of this type.
Peck, however, rejected Montagu's idea that these were patterns and wrote that it was much more likely that they were official medalets. In support of this view it should be noted that not only was this issue struck on a broader flan than usual, it was produced some four years after the issue of regular farthings had begun. It is perhaps also significant that this issue is unknown in copper and that it's die orientation is 12h (medallic orientation), against the 6h orientation which is the norm for the regular farthing coinage of the period. Incidentally, the silver value of this "farthing" would have been equivalent to one shilling and sixpence, that is 72 times the face value of a farthing at the time.
*AlexJul 17, 2018
Victoria_1901_One_Penny.JPG
1901 VICTORIA BRONZE "OLD HEAD" PENNY2 viewsObverse: VICTORIA.DEI.GRA.BRITT.REGINA.FID.DEF.IND.IMP. Veiled bust of Queen Victoria facing left.
Reverse: ONE PENNY. Britannia seated facing right, right hand resting on shield, left hand holding trident. 1901 in exergue.
SPINK: 3961

Victoria's "veiled head" portrait was designed by Thomas Brock (1847 - 1922), this is marked by a small "T.B." below the Queen's bust.
*AlexJul 17, 2018
George_5_1935_One_Penny.JPG
1935 GEORGE V "Small head" AE PENNY1 viewsObverse: GEORGIVS V DEI GRA:BRITT:OMN:REX FID:DEF:IND:IMP: . Bare head of George V facing left.
Reverse: ONE PENNY. Britannia seated facing right, right hand resting on shield, left hand holding trident; 1935 in exergue.
SPINK: 4055

George V's portrait was designed by Bertram Mackennal (1863 - 1931), this is marked by a small "BM" on the King's neck.
*AlexJul 17, 2018
Elizabeth_2_50_New_Pence_1976.JPG
1976 ELIZABETH II DECIMAL CuNi FIFTY PENCE1 viewsObverse: ELIZABETH.II D.G.REG.F.D.1976. Draped bust of Elizabeth II, wearing tiara, facing right.
Reverse: NEW PENCE. Britannia seated facing right, left hand holding laurel branch, right holding trident and resting on shield; recumbent lion behind at her feet; 50 in exergue.
Proof issue struck from polished dies.
Diameter 30mm | Weight 13.5gms
SPINK: 4223 PROOF

This portrait of Elizabeth II was designed by Arnold Machin (1911 - 1999), although his design was approved in June 1964 it was not used for United Kingdom coinage until 1968, after which his portrait of Elizabeth II was used on all British decimal coins until 1984. The tiara which the Queen is shown wearing on this coin had been given to her as a wedding present from her grandmother, Queen Mary.
*AlexJul 17, 2018
Elizabeth_2_Penny_1970.JPG
1970 ELIZABETH II AE PENNY0 viewsObverse: + ELIZABETH.II.DEI.GRATIA.REGINA.F:D:. Laureate bust of Elizabeth II facing right.
Reverse: ONE PENNY. Britannia seated facing right, right hand resting on shield, left hand holding trident, lighthouse in background to left; 1970 in exergue.
SPINK: 4157 PROOF

Elizabeth II's "young head" portrait was designed by Mary Gillick (1881 - 1965), this is marked by a small "MG" below the Queen's bust.
This coin, dated 1970, is a proof issue struck from polished dies, no pennies were issued for general circulation after 1967.
*AlexJul 17, 2018
Elizabeth_2_Penny_1967.JPG
1967 ELIZABETH II AE PENNY1 viewsObverse: + ELIZABETH.II.DEI.GRATIA.REGINA.F:D:. Laureate bust of Elizabeth II facing right.
Reverse: ONE PENNY. Britannia seated facing right, right hand resting on shield, left hand holding trident, lighthouse in background to left; 1967 in exergue.
SPINK: 4157

Elizabeth II's "young head" portrait was designed by Mary Gillick (1881 - 1965), this is marked by a small "MG" below the Queen's bust.
This was the last year of issue of the "Britannia" penny (other than a proof version dated 1970) prior to the introduction of decimal coinage in Britain in 1971. It was struck in enormous numbers to satisfy the large, mainly speculative, demand for the coin.
*AlexJul 17, 2018
Elizabeth_2_Penny_1953.JPG
1953 ELIZABETH II AE PENNY1 viewsObverse: + ELIZABETH.II.DEI.GRA:BRITT:OMN:REGINA F:D:. Laureate bust of Elizabeth II facing right.
Reverse: ONE PENNY. Britannia seated facing right, right hand resting on shield, left hand holding trident, lighthouse in background to left; 1953 in exergue.
SPINK: 4154

Elizabeth II's "young head" portrait was designed by Mary Gillick (1881 - 1965), this is marked by a small "MG" below the bust.
Demand for pennies was low on the accession of Queen Elizabeth II, so the only pennies issued were in the coin sets made in time for the Coronation. These sets were often broken up, so 1953 pennies could occasionally be found in change. The next year (1954) all the other denominations were re-designed with a revised inscription which omitted BRITT.OMN, but no more pennies were struck for circulation until 1961.
*AlexJul 17, 2018
CARUS_TETRADRACHM~0.JPG
Struck A.D.282 - 283. CARUS. Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria0 viewsObverse: A K M A KAPOC CEB. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Carus facing right.
Reverse: No legend. Dikaiosyne standing facing left, holding scales and cornucopiae; LA in upper left field, (= regnal year 1 = A.D.282 - 283).
Diameter: 18mm | Weight: 7.71gms | Die Axis: 12
GICV : 4774 | Geissen: 3161 ff. | Dattari: 5565 f
*AlexJul 15, 2018
Edward_8_Medal_1937.JPG
1937 EDWARD VIII AE CORONATION MEDAL0 viewsObverse: • HIS • MAJESTY • KING • EDWARD • VIII •, Crowned bust of Edward VIII facing right, wearing ceremonial robes, the legend in raised letters on a raised border with each word separated by a rose.
Reverse: CROWNED – A. D. 1937. Britannia standing facing within a distyle arch, holding crown aloft with her right hand and union flag on pole in her left, in background to left, battleship and to right, London riverside scene in which St Paul's Cathedral can be discerned.
Diameter: 45mm

No coins were issued for Edward VIII who became King on the death of his father, George V, on 20th January 1936. Edward's coronation never took place because he abdicated the throne on 11th December that same year after a reign lasting only 326 days.
As Edward VIII was never crowned the coin types bearing the portrait of George V continued to be struck throughout 1936 and up until the coronation in 1937 of Edward's younger brother Albert, who reigned as George VI.

This unsigned medal was struck in 1936 in anticipation of the proposed Coronation of Edward VIII on 12th May, 1937. The same reverse dies were subsequently reused on coronation medals for George VI.
*AlexJul 13, 2018
George_6_1949_Penny.JPG
1949 GEORGE VI AE PENNY2 viewsObverse: GEORGIVS VI D:G:BR:OMN:REX FIDEI DEF. Bare head of George VI facing left.
Reverse: ONE PENNY. Britannia seated facing right, right hand resting on shield, left hand holding trident, lighthouse in background to left; 1949 in exergue.
SPINK: 4117

George VI's portrait was designed by Thomas Humphrey Paget (1893 - 1974), this is marked by a small "HP" below the King's neck.
*AlexJul 12, 2018
George_6_1947_Penny.JPG
1947 GEORGE VI AE PENNY1 viewsObverse: GEORGIVS VI D:G:BR:OMN:REX F:D:IND:IMP: . Bare head of George VI facing left.
Reverse: ONE PENNY. Britannia seated facing right, right hand resting on shield, left hand holding trident, lighthouse in background to left; 1947 in exergue.
SPINK: 4114

George VI's portrait was designed by Thomas Humphrey Paget (1893 - 1974), this is marked by a small "HP" below the King's neck.
*AlexJul 12, 2018
Elizabeth_2_2_Pounds_2015.JPG
2015 ELIZABETH II DECIMAL Bimetallic TWO POUNDS2 viewsObverse: ELIZABETH II DEI.GRA.REG.FID.DEF.2015. Diademed head of Elizabeth II facing right.
Reverse: TWO POUNDS. Three quarter helmeted bust of Britannia facing right, shield at her side, right hand holding trident over her shoulder.
Edge: QUATUOR MARIA VINDICO.
Diameter 28.4mm | Weight 15.97gms

This is the fifth portrait of Queen Elizabeth II to be used on circulating UK coinage since she was crowned in 1953. It was designed by (Mr) Jody Clark and was introduced in March 2015 to replace the previous portrait on all circulating UK coins. The Royal diadem which the Queen is shown wearing on this coin is the one she wears on her way to and from the State Opening of Parliament.

This 2015 two pound coin welcomed Britannia back onto circulating UK coinage, Britannia having not featured on any UK circulating coin after she was removed from the reverse of 50p coins in 2008. The new portrait of Britannia was designed by sculptor Antony Dofort and is meant to present Britannia in a modern era.
The edge legend of "QUATUOR MARIA VINDICO" meaning "I claim the four seas" first appeared as a reverse legend on coins bearing a Britannia design during the reign of Charles II, but those coins were patterns or prototypes which were never issued for general circulation.
*AlexJul 12, 2018

Random files - *Alex's Gallery
George-5_Farthing_1936.JPG
1936 GEORGE V AE FARTHING2 viewsObverse: GEORGIVS V DEI GRA:BRITT:OMN:REX FID:DEF:IND:IMP: . Bare head of George V facing left.
Reverse: FARTHING. Britannia seated facing right, right hand resting on shield, left hand holding trident; 1936 in exergue.
SPINK: 4061

George V's portrait was designed by Bertram Mackennal (1863 - 1931), this is marked by a small "BM" on the King's neck.

Numismatic note
On January 20th 1936, King George V died, his death hastened by his physician who administered a lethal injection to him. George V was succeeded by his eldest son, Edward VIII, but in December Edward signed an instrument of abdication and his brother, Prince Albert, became King, reigning as King George VI.
No coins were issued for Edward VIII, the types bearing the portrait of George V continued to be struck throughout 1936 and up until the coronation of George VI in 1937.
*Alex
Aelia_Eudoxia_AE3_Antioch.JPG
Struck A.D.401 - 403. EUDOXIA. Wife of Arcadius. AE3 of Antioch2 viewsObverse: AEL EVDOXIA AVG. Diademed and draped bust of Eudoxia facing right; above, hand holding wreath.
Reverse: SALVS REIPVBLICAE. Victory seated facing right, inscribing Christogram on shield set on cippus; in exergue, ANT followed by A or Δ, the exact officina is uncertain.
RIC X : 104
*Alex
George-4_Third_Farthing_1827.JPG
1827 GEORGE IV AE THIRD FARTHING2 viewsObverse: GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA • 1827 •. Laureate head of George IV facing left.
Reverse: BRITANNIAR: REX FID: DEF: Britannia seated facing right, right hand resting on shield, left holding trident. Shamrock, Rose and Thistle (indicative of Ireland, England and Scotland respectively) in exergue.
Diameter 16mm
SPINK: 3827

This portrait of George IV, used on all his later coinage, was designed by William Wyon (1795 - 1851).
With the issues of George IV, Britannia now appears on pennies, halfpennies and farthings and fractions facing right instead of left, she would remain that way until 1967. She also acquires a helmet, recalling Roma and, before that, Athena.

This coin was produced in 1827 exclusively for use in Malta, but it is considered to be part of the British coinage as at that time Malta was considered more as a part of Britain than a colony. The grano, a coin dating from before British rule, was valued at a twelfth of a penny so the decision was made to coin the equivalent in a British denomination. Because the cost of living was lower in Malta than in Britain it was not considered necessary to introduce the third-farthing coin into Britain itself.
*Alex
Arcadius_Horseback_Plumes_CONSA.JPG
Struck A.D.392 - 395. ARCADIUS. AE3 of Constantinopolis4 viewsObverse: D N ARCADIUS P F AVG. Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Arcadius facing right.
Reverse: GLORIA ROMANORVM. Arcadius on horseback advancing right, his right hand raised; in exergue, CONSΔ.
RIC IX : 89c
RARE

The statue on the reverse of this coin may be the one mentioned by FORVM member Masis in this thread http://www.forumancientcoins.com/board/index.php?topic=114678.0 and also here. The differences between the headgear depicted in the 15th century artist's drawing of the statue and the helmet with "feathers" shown on this coin might be due to damage or alterations caused by the ravages of time, given that the statue would already have been almost 1,000 years old when the drawing was made.
*Alex