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Tye 246.3/6, Album 1731.2
Khwarezm Shahs: Ala al Din Muhammad ibn Tekesh (567-596 A.H. = 1200-1220 A.D.).

Billon jital, (average silver content 7%), Kurzuwan mint; 2.47 g. (average weight 2.6 g.), 17.30 mm.max., 0◦.

Obv.: Kurzuwan in center, surrounded by as sultan al-aízam Muhammad bin as-sultan.

Rev: Allah / la ilah Allah / Muhammad rasul / al-Nasir.

The Khwarezm Shahs were a Persianate Sunni Muslim dynasty of Turkic mamluk origin. They ruled Greater Iran from approximately 1077 to 1231 A.D., first as vassals of the Seljuqs and Kara-Khitan, and later as independent rulers, up until the Mongol invasions of the 13th century.

By 1217 Ala ad-Din Mohammed had conquered all the lands from the river Jaxartes to the Persian Gulf. He declared himself shah and demanded formal recognition from Caliph an-Nasir in Baghdad. When the caliph rejected his claim, Ala ad-Din Muhammad marched towards Baghdad. However, when crossing the Zagros Mountains, his army was caught in a blizzard and was decimated. In 1218, Genghis Khan attempted to initiate trade relations, but Ala ad-Din Mohammed believed this gesture was only a ploy to invade his land and arrested or executed the Mongolís envoys. In 1219 Genghis retaliated and completely annihilated numerous Khwarezm cities. Ala ad-Din Mohammed fled and died several weeks later.

Tye rarity Common; Album rarity C.
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Album name:Stkp / JITALS (Afghanistan & Northwest India)
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Date added:Mar 05, 2017
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