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CYCLOPES

RII.1-1679: The Cyclopes in the workshop of Hephaestus. Wilhelm Heinrich Roscher (Göttingen, 1845- Dresden, 1923), Ausfürliches Lexikon der griechisches und römisches Mythologie, 1884.

The CYCLOPES belong to the first generations of deities, being generally called sons of Uranus and Gaia (but see other parentages in the list below). They are well known for having only one eye in their forehead, and for having given weapons to Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades.

In and out of prison

The CYCLOPES were bound and cast into Tartarus by Uranus, to make there company to their brethren the HECATONCHEIRES. In this way, their father expected to get rid of the terrible generations he was procreating. WYet when the Titan Cronos revolted against his father Uranus (see also Castration of Uranus), he delivered both the CYCLOPES and the HECATONCHEIRES. And then again, following the example of his father and predecessor, Cronos shut them up in Tartarus once more. Later on, when Zeus attacked the TITANS (see Titanomachy), Gaia prophesied victory to him if he would have both the CYCLOPES and the HECATONCHEIRES as allies. So he slew their jaileress Campe (see Underworld), and set them free. The CYCLOPES then gave Zeus the thunderbolt, Hades a helmet, and Poseidon the trident. And armed with these weapons, the Olympian gods overcame the TITANS.

Destroyed by Apollo

It is told that because Zeus smote Asclepius with a thunderbolt, Apollo (father of Asclepius), angry on that account, killed the CYCLOPES (Arges, Brontes 1, and Steropes), who had fashioned the thunderbolt for Zeus.

The Cyclops Polyphemus 2

Whereas the children of Gaia were like the gods, the race of Polyphemus 2 was formed by fierce and uncivilized shepherds. The Cyclops Polyphemus 2 loved the Nereid Galatea 1, but she in turn loved Acis, the son of Faunus 1 and a Symaethian Nymph. This triangle drama caused the death of Acis, who was buried by a rock hurled at him by the jealous Polyphemus 2. Acis was turned into a river. This Polyphemus 2 was later blinded by Odysseus.


List of CYCLOPES 

CYCLOPES

Parentage and Details

Acamans

This Cyclops lived in the company of Pyracmon in Pelorum (north-east coast of Sicily) (Val.1.583).

Arges

See main text above.

Parentage

(Apd.1.1.2, 3.10.4; Hes.The.140).

Argilipus

One of the CYCLOPES who joined Dionysus 2 in his Indian campaign (Nonn.28.174).

Brontes 1

See main text above.

Parentage

(Apd.1.1.2, 3.10.4; Hes.The.140).

Elatreus 2

One of the CYCLOPES who joined Dionysus 2 in his campaign against India (Nonn.14.59).

Euryalus 8

One of the CYCLOPES who joined Dionysus 2 in his campaign against India (Nonn.14.59).

Halimedes

One of the CYCLOPES who joined Dionysus 2 in his campaign against India (Nonn.14.59).

Parentage

Poseidon & Thoosa

 


Thoosa was a Nymph, daughter of Phorcus.

Pyracmon

See Acamans (Stat.Theb.2.599; Val.1.583; Vir.Aen.8.425.).

Steropes

See main text above.

Parentage

(Apd.1.1.2, 3.10.4; Hes.The.140).

Trachius

One of the CYCLOPES who joined Dionysus 2 in his campaign against India (Nonn.14.59).


Related sections
Sources
Abbreviations

Apd.1.1.2, 1.2.1, 3.10.4; Apd.Ep.7.4; Eur.Cyc. passim; Hes.The.140; Hom.Od.1.69; Hyg.Ast.2.39; Nonn.2.341, 6.301ff., 14.59, 14.65, 28.174; Ov.Met.13.744; Stat.Theb.2.599; TIT.1; Val.1.583; Vir.Aen.8.425.