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Home > Catalog > |Greek Coins| > |Geographic - All Periods| > |Syria| > GB00758
Antiocheia, Seleukis and Pieria, Roman Province of Syria, 1st Century B.C.
|Syria|, |Antiocheia,| |Seleukis| |and| |Pieria,| |Roman| |Province| |of| |Syria,| |1st| |Century| |B.C.|,
The ruins of Antioch on the Orontes lie near the modern city of Antakya, Turkey. Founded near the end of the 4th century B.C. by Seleucus I Nicator, one of Alexander the Great's generals, Antioch's geographic, military and economic location, particularly the spice trade, the Silk Road, the Persian Royal Road, benefited its occupants, and eventually it rivaled Alexandria as the chief city of the Near East and as the main center of Hellenistic Judaism at the end of the Second Temple period. Antioch is called "the cradle of Christianity,Ē for the pivotal early role it played in the emergence of the faith. It was one of the four cities of the Syrian tetrapolis. Its residents are known as Antiochenes. Antioch was renamed Theoupolis after it was nearly destroyed by an earthquake on 29 November 528. Once a great metropolis of half a million people, it declined to insignificance during the Middle Ages because of warfare, repeated earthquakes and a change in trade routes following the Mongol conquests, which then no longer passed through Antioch from the far east. 6th Century Antioch
GB00758. Bronze AE 16, SGCV II 5859, VF, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, weight 6.100g, maximum diameter 16.1mm, die axis 0o, 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus; reverse ANTIOXEΩN / THΣ − MHTOΠOΛEΩΣ, Tyche of Antioch standing left holding staff and cornucopia; SOLD











Catalog current as of Wednesday, February 26, 2020.
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