, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.
Augustus' sun sign was Libra. We don't know why he selected the Capricorn as his emblem. Perhaps Capricorn was either his rising sign or his Moon sign. Popular astrology, of the newspaper kind, is sun sign astrology. The ancients tended to attach more importance to the Moon sign and rising signs. Perhaps selected the Capricorn because it is associated with stern moral authority.SH84736. Silver , 1271 (same dies, attributed to auxiliary workshop, ), 126 (R2), 21, 346, 145, 1592, aMS, nearly as struck, mint luster, and bold strike, a few light marks, die wear, 3.809 g, maximum 19.7 mm, 180o, uncertain Spanish ( ?) mint, 16 B.C.; right, dot , ; capricorn right, filleted overflowing with grain and fruit on its back, celestial globe and rudder with tiller held between hooves, below; from the Marcelo Leal Collection; ; $3150.00 (€2803.50)
, , Hieron II, 275 - 215 B.C., Portrait of Queen Philistis
Hieron II placed his wife and son on coins during his long reign. Those of Queen Philistis are eagerly sought after by collectors.SH84601. Silver 5 litrae, 221 (D2/R2), 893, 1546, 827, 959, 2918, 1708, 1557 (R2) (all from the same dies), aEF/gVF, , light marks, 4.441 g, maximum 18.0 mm, 180o, mint, c. 218 - 215 B.C.; veiled and diademed of Queen Philistis left, frond behind; galloping left, holding reins with both , E• in front of horses' legs, BAΣIΛIΣΣAΣ above, ΦIΛIΣTI∆OΣ ; from the Woolslayer Collection; Numismatica Ars Classica auction 27 (12 May 2004), lot 129; ex A.D.M. Collection; ex Collection, 1929 sale, lot 213; ; $3000.00 (€2670.00)
, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D.
The first Rome mint portrait , and a highly sought after .SH84794. , 33; p. 152, 36; 47; 4; 1800, gF, excellent centering and strike, attractive portrait, worn and scraped on high points, bumps and scratches, 27.881 g, maximum 35.6 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 37 - 38 A.D.; C AVG PON M , laureate left; IVLIA, the three sisters of standing, in the guises of , , and , S C ( ) in ; ; $2520.00 (€2242.80)
, I Monophthalmus or II Gonatus, 306 - 270 B.C.
Unpublished in the references and not yet fully attributed, this is only the second specimen of this extremely and important known to . Both specimens were struck with the same die. & Mosch wrote of their specimen: "Troxell recorded a very issue of Alexandrine tetradrachms in the name of Gonatas (The Peloponnesian Alexanders, 17, 1971, 75-6, note 68), which through hoard evidence was conclusively proven to be struck at circa 272 (see R. W. , Gonatas and the Silver Coinages of Macedon circa 280-270 BC, 26, 1981, pp. 79-123, esp. p. 104). However, this unique has no controls that would explicitly tie it to the mint tetradrachms, and even more perplexing is the of the engraving, which is clearly dissimilar to the tetradrachms as well. One might suppose that it is in fact not a coin of Gonatas at all, but rather a hitherto unknown of his grandfather, Antigonos I Monophthalmos. However, this also does not sit well, again for reasons of , which is inconsistent with the period of Monophthalmos' reign. For the time being, therefore, this coin must remain a numismatic enigma until further evidence can shed additional light on it."
There are two auction records for the & Mosch specimen: Numismatics auction 7 (22 Mar 2014), lot 454, sold for £ 4,800 plus fees; and & Mosch auction 203 (5 Mar 2012), lot 150, sold for € 3,200 plus fees. Our coin sold at Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, (4 May 2014), lot 152, apparently slipping through unnoticed by all but our astute consignor for € 575 plus fees.SH71048. Silver , unpublished in refs; cf. Numismatics auction 7, lot 454 (same rev die) = & Mosch auction 203, lot 150, VF, struck a bit flat, 3.845 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 0o, uncertain or mint, 306 - 270 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIΓONOY, Zeus Aetophoros enthroned left, throne with high back, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back; ex Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, lot 152; extremely , only two know specimens; $1950.00 (€1735.50)
, and , October 49 - 15 March 44 B.C.
This was the first coin issued in Caesar's name. It was minted after his invasion of Italy and crossing of the Rubicon on 10 January 49 B.C. until his defeat of Pompey at . The symbolism on the appears to be the triumph of over evil. The refers to Caesar's office of (high priest of Rome).SH84764. Silver , 443/1, 1006, 49, 9, Gaul 27, 1557, 1399, near , light on luster, broad , , 1/5 off center, 3.834 g, maximum 21.0 mm, 30o, military mint, traveling with , 49 B.C.; walking right trampling on a dragon or ( war trumpet) ornamented to look like a dragon, below; implements of the pontificate: (cup) or (ladle), ( ), (sacrificial ax), and (priest's hat); ex J. ; $1750.00 (€1557.50)
, c. 600 - 550 B.C.
As reported by B.V. in Chapter 5 of Excavations at : The Archaic Artemisia, a coin of this was one of five coins found in excavations underneath the foundations of the southern wall of the B cella of the Artemisia at . The other four coins were and paw types. wrote these coins must have been deposited during construction of the First Temple (A). 145 is the coin found at the Artemisia (= 79), now at the Arkeoloji Müzesi, Istanbul. The coins appear to be struck with the same die.
SH84450. 1/24 , Milesian ; 145 - 146; p. 86 and pl. 2, 79; cf. 1781 (different ); 287 (same); 717 (same), gVF, centered, edge cracks, some die rust (also found on other examples of this ), 0.579 g, maximum 6.2 mm, uncertain mint, c. 600 - 550 B.C.; bridled and neck of Pegasos left, with top edge of wing visible; four raised squares in a pattern within square punch; very ; $1620.00 (€1441.80)
, c. 600 - 550 B.C.
In Greek mythology, the Sirens were dangerous creatures, who lured nearby sailors with their enchanting music and voices to shipwreck on the rocky coast of their island. In early Greek art, Sirens were represented as birds with large women's heads, bird feathers, and scaly feet. Later, they were represented as female figures with the legs of birds, with or without wings, playing a variety of musical instruments, especially harps. Later Sirens were sometimes depicted as beautiful women, whose bodies, not only their voices, were seductive.SH84464. hemihekte, Unpublished in major references; Naville auction VII (1924), Collection, lot 1435; CNG, XI (8 Jan 2008), lot 253, aEF, , earthen deposits, 1.367 g, maximum 8.8 mm, , uncertain mint, c. 600 - 550 B.C.; siren standing left; square punch; ex Numismatica Ars Classica, auction 92, 2 (24 May 2016), lot 1476; this is not published in the major references but many examples are known from auctions; ; $1600.00 (€1424.00)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., ,
Mérida, Spain was founded by P. Carisius in 25 B.C., as Augusta, the name referring to the discharged soldiers who populated the city, by order of to protect a pass and a bridge over the Guadiana river. The city became an important city in the Roman empire and the capital of province. Mérida preserves more important ancient Roman monuments than any other city in Spain (including a triumphal arch of the age of ).SH84707. Silver , 9b, 398, 291, Spain 128, 1039, 124, 1627 var. ( right), gVF, full centering on a broad , mint luster, areas, die wear, small edge cracks, 3.775 g, maximum 21.8 mm, 90o, Augusta (Merida, Spain) mint, P. Carisius, c. 25 - 23 B.C.; IMP , left; P CARISIVS (P. Carisius Legatus [ ] pro Praetore), bird's-eye view of town with walls around, inscribed above gateway in front with three battlements over two arched entrances; from the Marcelo Leal Collection; $1600.00 (€1424.00)
France, Charles V the , 1364 - 1380
As a young prince, Charles V the received the province of Dauphiné to rule; thereafter, all heirs apparent of France bore the title of Dauphin until coronation. Charles became regent of France when his father John II was captured by the English at the Battle of Poitiers. The rebelled after he raised taxes to pay the ransom. Charles overcame the rebellions, but to liberate his father, he had to conclude the Treaty of Brétigny in 1360, in which he abandoned large portions of south-western France to England and promised a huge ransom. After Charles became , his skillful management allowed him to replenish the treasury and restore the prestige of the House of Valois. He established the first permanent army paid with regular wages, which liberated the French populace from the companies of routiers who plundered the country when not employed. The French Army turned the tide of the Hundred Years' War, reconquering almost all the territories ceded to the English in 1360. He was succeeded by his son Charles VI the Mad, whose disastrous reign allowed the English to regain control of large parts of France.
On April 20, 1365, it was decreed in the name of the Charles V the manufacture of the new gold francs known as francs à pied (franc on foot) with the value of twenty sols tournois (one livre tournois). This coin, lighter than the franc à cheval (franc on horseback), weighed 3.824 grams and was struck to the of 64 pieces to the gold mark.
SH84617. Gold franc à pied, 360, 457, 371, 284, aEF, excellent centering, die wear, bumps and scratches, 3.823 g, maximum 28.9 mm, 270o, no date, after 20 April 1365; + KAROLVS x DI x GR - FRAnCORV x REX (Charles, by the grace of God, of the Franks), crowned standing facing under dais, wearing a coat of arms fleur-de-lis over coat of mail, sword in right hand, hand of justice in left hand, pattern of small fleurs-de-lis in fields; + XPC * VInCIT * XPC * REGnAT * XPC * IMPERAT (Christ conquers, Christ reigns, Christ commands), fleurée quatrilobe at center, fleur-de-lis in 1st and 4th quarters, crown in 2nd and 3rd quarters, all within quadrilobe, fleurs-de-lis in spandrels; $1400.00 (€1246.00)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.
A legatus pro praetore (literally: "envoy of the emperor - acting praetor") was the official title of the governor of some imperial provinces of the Roman Empire during the Principate era, normally the larger ones or those where legions were based. Provinces were denoted imperial if their governor was selected by the emperor, in contrast to senatorial provinces, whose governors (called proconsuls) were elected by the Roman Senate.SH84735. Silver , 7b, 405, 282, Spain 115, 1048, -, -, Nice gVF, attractive portrait, bold strike, light with luster in recesses, of corrosion on edge 3:00 - 6:00, 3.758 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 315o, Augusta (Merida, Spain) mint, P. Carisius, c. 25 - 23 B.C.; IMP , left; P CARISIVS (P. Carisius Legatus [ ] pro Praetore), Celtiberian helmet decorated with and crest, short dagger pointing downward on left, (double-headed ax) slanting upward on right; this is the only example of this ever handled by , from the Marcelo Leal Collection; ; $1400.00 (€1246.00)
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