, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.
The "Lost Arch of Nero" was decreed by the Senate in 58 A.D. to commemorate the eastern of Cn. Domitius . It was located on Capitoline . It was demolished shortly after Nero's downfall. No trace remains today.
SL85477. , 147, 187, 287, 308, 1962, NGC , strike 5/5, surface 3/5, , light (3762373-001), 27.57 g, maximum c. 34 mm, 180o, mint, c. 64 A.D.; CLAVDIVS AVG GER IMP P P, laureate right, on neck; triumphal arch; surmounted by statue of in a facing , led by Pax on left and on right, and flanked below by two soldiers; front ornamented with statue of in a niche and bas-reliefs of small figures; garland hanging in arch, ( ) flanking; ex Stacks NYINC Auction (8 Jan 2016), lot 31152; ex Rockaway Collection; $1800.00 (€1602.00)
, 18 January - 17 November 474 and August 476 - 11 April 491 A.D.
Gold never tarnishes, however, ancient gold coins were never pure gold. There is always a small amount of silver in the gold and for reasons that only a chemist could explain, the small amount of silver sometimes tones slightly red. This coin is attractive red gold.
SH85084. Gold , 929, 633, 108/1, 16, 21514, -, about Uncirculated, and struck, lustrous with red tone, 4.456 g, maximum 20.9 mm, 180o, 4th , Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 2nd reign, Aug 476 - 11 Apr 491, 5th issue; D N AVG, helmeted facing, pearl diademed, trefoil on front of crested helmet, , spear in right over shoulder, on left arm decorated with horseman riding down and spearing enemy; VICTORI-A ∆ ( of the three emperors, 4th ), standing left, long jeweled in right, right, in ; $1080.00 (€961.20)
, Nicephorus I and Stauracius, December 803 - 25 July 811 A.D.
Nicephorus, the logothete (lord high treasurer) under Empress Irene, gained rule in a palace coup. At the Battle of Pliska, the Bulgarian , Krum, surprised and slew Nicephorus along with a large portion of the army. Krum is said to have made a drinking-cup of Nicephorus' skull. Stauracius escaped the battle to Constantinople but was mortally wounded. He surrendered his throne to his brother-in-law, retired to a monastery, and died soon after.SH83915. Gold , , 1, 2c.2; 8; 9; 1786; 238; 27.1; 1604, EF, lustrous, on a , 4.349 g, maximum 20.1 mm, 180o, 10th , Constantinople mint, 803 - 811 A.D.; hICI-FOROS bASILE', bearded facing of Nicephorus, wearing and with crown, on base in right hand, in left hand, no pellet left; STAVRA-CIS dESPO' X, unbearded facing of Stauracius, wearing and with crown, in right hand, in left hand; from the Watcher Collection, ex Heritage CICF auction (Chicago, Apr 2013), lot 3024 ($940 plus fees); ; $1010.00 (€898.90)
, , 695 - 698 A.D.
Leontius' success as a general forced the Arab Caliph Abd al-Malik to make concessions and pay tribute to Emperor Justinian II; but when war was renewed, was defeated. Furious over the loss, Justinian imprisoned him for two years. When he was freed, and his former prison comrades organized a revolt, and he took the throne. Justinian was deposed, his nose and tongue were slit and he was exiled to a monastery. After the Arabs took , the fleet sent to retake the city failed. Rather than report defeat to the emperor, the army overthrew their admiral and named Apsimar, a Germanic sailor, as their leader. Apsimar changed his name to , returned to Constantinople, seized the thrown, cut off Leontius' nose and ears and exiled him to a monastery. In 705, Justinian II returned to Constantinople with an army of Bulgars and Slavs. Both and were dragged through the streets in chains and beheaded.SH83907. Gold , 4, 1333, 5, 15.3, 1731, 191, - (p. 417), VF, , , right , 1.330 g, maximum 14.4 mm, 180o, Constantinople mint, 695 - 698 A.D.; D LEO-N PE AV, bearded facing , wearing and crown with , in right hand; AVSY S, on base, in ; from the Watcher Collection, ex Heritage auction 3002 (Long Beach, Sep 2008), lot 2013 (sold for $747.50 plus fees); ; $900.00 (€801.00)
, Theophilus, 12 May 821 - 20 January 842 A.D.
Most references date this to the joint reign of Michael II and his son Theophilus II (12 May 821 - 2 Oct 829 A.D.) identified it as Theophilus' first issue after Michael's death (2 Oct 829 - 830 A.D.).
Theophilus was an accomplished scholar and highly cultured. Although he admired Arab art and civilization, he was obliged to expend much effort defending his eastern frontier against Mutasim, the Caliph of Baghdad. He died of dysentery.SH83908. Gold , , 1, 15a; 515c; 11; 13; 1646; 30.6; -; -, VF, slightly irregular , 3.794 g, maximum 13.4 mm, 180o, mint, 829 - 830 A.D.; MI-XAHL bA, bearded facing of Michael, wearing and crown with , in right hand; ΘE-OFILO bA, beardless facing of Theophilus, wearing and crown with , in right hand; from the Watcher Collection; very ; $800.00 (€712.00)
, Michael II and Theophilus, 12 May 821 - 2 October 829 A.D.
Michael II started his career as a humble soldier. Leo V's assassination while trying to impose probably taught Michael a lesson, as he chose to remain religiously neutral. With Bulgarian , he defeated the usurper Thomas, who with his Arab allies even besieged Constantinople for one year. Even after the rebellion was crushed, the Arabs occupied and initiated an invasion of .SH83906. Gold , 31/Cp/AV/2 (solidi); 511; 18 (not in collection, refs BnF); 1650; BMC -; -; -; -, EF, , 1.275 g, maximum 12.8 mm, 180o, mint, 821 - 829 A.D.; MI-XAHL bA, bearded facing of Michael, wearing and crown with , in right hand; ΘE-OFILO b, bearded facing of Theophilus, wearing and crown with , in right hand, in right ; from the Watcher Collection, ex Savoca Numismatik; very ; $720.00 (€640.80)
, , 695 - 698 A.D.
This half-follis of was first identified and published by S. J. , in "A New Coin of the Emperor Leontius" in , Nov 1999. It is otherwise unpublished and this is the second known specimen.BZ73337. Bronze half , , S. J., A New Coin of the Emperor in Num. Circ., Nov 1999; 2 -; -, -, -, -, F, rough green , 2.806 g, maximum 16.1 mm, 180o, mint, 695 - 696 A.D.; half length facing with short beard, wearing crown with and with pelleted lozenge pattern, in right, in left; large K (40 nummi), cruciform ( 5) above, left, I (year 1) right, SCL in ; great rarity, 2nd known; $600.00 (€534.00)
, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
In "Le trésor de Nikertai" in Revue Belge de 118 (1972), writes that this mark is horizontal, perpendicular to the rest of the , and indicates the 7th (a reversed Z, not an H). lists the coin 146, described by as 7th , as his only example from the H (8th) . The 8th probably did not strike this variant with an I in the right . & Mosch Giessener Münzhandlung Auction 196, lot 3100, was struck with the same dies in a similar state of wear.SH69990. Gold , 146; 13 (Z) and 14 (H); 11.10; 739; - ( 14, not listed); -, -, -, VF, worn dies, 4.431 g, maximum 20.9 mm, 225o, 7th , Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 616 - 625 A.D.; hERACLIVS Et CONSt PP A, facing busts of Heraclius, on left with short beard, and his son Heraclius Constantine, beardless and smaller, each wearing a simple crown with on circlet, between them above; AVGu Z ( of the Emperor, 7th , Z reversed), on three steps, I right, in ; ; $470.00 (€418.30)
, II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.
II, was baptized Herakleios and reigned officially as Constantine. He was only 10 years old when he was made emperor. was his diminutive nickname, which has become in modern historiography. Later in life he was also called Constantine the Bearded (Konstantinos Pogonatos).SH70002. Gold , 2, 25c; 42; 239; 47; 26; 12.18; 959, -, aEF, , 4.431 g, maximum 20.9 mm, 180o, 3rd , Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 654 - 659 A.D.; d N CONSTANTINyS C CONSTA, facing busts of & Constantine IV (beardless) each wearing crown and , between their heads; AVGU Γ ( of the Emperor, 3rd ), on three steps, in ; $420.00 (€373.80)
, II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.
During Constans' reign the State expanded very quickly, in no small because Christians and Jews often aided the take over of their lands. The and both had imposed heavy taxes to finance the Byzantine-Sassanid Wars. In new territories, the State maintained the existing or Persian tax collection systems, but the taxes were lowered and free trade encouraged commerce. Jews and the Christians were also allowed to use their own laws and have their own judges.SH70015. Gold , 47 - 48, 2, 25g (not in the collection, refs BMC); 248; 1588; 26; 12.18; 959; -, EF, on , 4.332 g, maximum 19.6 mm, 225o, 7th , Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 654 - 659 A.D.; d N CONSTANTINuS C CONSTANTI, facing busts of & Constantine IV (beardless) each wearing crown and , between their heads; AVGY Z (the of the Emperor, 7th ) (Z reversed), on three steps, in ; $420.00 (€373.80)
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