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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Crisis and Decline ▸ SaloninusView Options:  |  |  | 

Saloninus, Summer 260 A.D.

Saloninus was one of the sons of Gallienus and Salonina. After the death of his older brother Valerian II, he was made Caesar late in 258 A.D. and sent to oversee the western regions, aided by his praetorian prefect Silvanus and the governor of Germany, Postumus. In 260 A.D., the same year his grandfather was captured by the Sasanians, Postumus rebelled and besieged him at Cologne. He was made Augustus in 260 but within a few weeks or months of his accession he was captured and executed. According to Vagi, his coinage as Augustus is extremely rare, with perhaps fewer than 20 specimens known. -- Coinage and History of The Roman Empire by David L. Vagi


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Spes was the Roman personification of Hope. In art, Spes is normally depicted carrying flowers or a cornucopia, but on coins, she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right hand, while the left is raising a fold of her dress. She was also named "ultima dea" - for Hope is the last resort of men. On this coin, the caesar, Saloninus, the designated successor of the emperor, is identified as the hope for the future of the Roman people.
RS87917. Silver antoninianus, Göbl MIR 915e, RSC IV 93, RIC V-1 13 corr. (misdescribed), SRCV III 10774, Hunter IV - (p. lii), VF/gF, centered on a tight flan, toned, reverse strike weak, die wear, tiny edge cracks, weight 2.482 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne) mint, as caesar, 258 - summer 260 A.D.; obverse SALON VALERIANVS CAES, radiate and draped bust right from behind; reverse SPES PVBLICA (the hope of the public), Spes walking left, flower in right hand, raising drapery of skirt with left hand; ex Beast Coins; $95.00 (€80.75)
 


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Spes was the Roman personification of Hope. In art Spes is normally depicted carrying flowers or a cornucopia, but on coins she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right hand, while the left is raising a fold of her dress. She was also named "ultima dea" - for Hope is the last resort of men. On this coin, the Caesar, Saloninus, the designated successor of the emperor, is identified as the hope for the future of the Roman people.
SH28080. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1707p (Samosata), RIC V-1 36 (Antioch), RSC IV 95a (Antioch), Hunter IV 12 (uncertain eastern), SRCV III 10775 (uncertain Syrian), Choice gVF, full circle strike on both obverse and reverse, dark uneven toning, weight 4.055 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Syrian mint, as caesar, Jan - summer 260 A.D.; obverse SALON VALERIANVS NOB CAES, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse SPES PVBLICA (the hope of the public), Saloninus (on left) standing right, wearing military garb and holding spear, confronting Spes, Spes standing left, raising skirt with left hand and presenting flower to prince with right hand, pellet within wreath above; SOLD


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RIC lists as common, but all coins of Saloninus are scarce.
RS06959. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 939z, RIC V-1 10 (Lugdunum), RSC IV 61 (Lugdunum), Hunter IV 9 (Mediolanum or Viminacium), SRCV III 17070 (Mediolanum or Viminacium), VF/F, nice portrait, full circle centering, good metal for Saloninus, reverse weakly struck with a damaged die, weight 3.54 g, maximum diameter 24.5 mm, die axis 180o, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, as Caesar, 258 - summer 260 A.D.; obverse SAL VALERIANVS CS, radiate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse PRINC IVVENT (Prince of Youth), Saloninus standing half left, wearing military attire, baton pointed downward in right hand, transverse spear downward left in left hand, one standard in ground on right; from the Scott Collection; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

IMPSALONVALERIANVSAVG
LICCORSALVALERIANVSNCAES
PCORSALGALLIENVSNOVCAES
PCORSALVALERAINVSCAES
SALONVALERIANVSCAES
SALONVALERIANVSNOBCAES
SALVALERIANVSC
SALVALERIANVSC


REFERENCES

Besly, E. & R. Bland. The Cunetio Treasure: Roman Coinage of the Third Century AD. (London, 1983).
Bourdel, B. Les Antoniniens emis sous le regne conjoint des empereurs Valerien et Gallien, Mariniane, Salonine, Valerien II, Salonin (253-260 Apr. J.-C.). (2017).
Calicó, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Volume 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Elmer, G. "Die Münzprägung der gallischen Kaiser von Postumus bis Tetricus in Köln, Trier und Mailand." in Bonner Jahrbücher 146 (1941).
Göbl, R. et al. Moneta Imperii Romani, Band 35: Die Münzprägung des Kaiser Valerianus I/Gallienus/Saloninus (253/268), Regalianus (260) un Macrianus/Quietus (260/262). (Vienna, 2000).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham, & P. Webb. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol V, Part I, Valerian to Florian. (London, 1927).
Online Coins of the Roman Empire (OCRE) http://numismatics.org/ocre/
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. IV. Valerian I to Allectus. (Oxford, 1978).
Schaad, D. & J. Lafaurie. Le trésor d'Eauze. (Toulouse, 1992).
Seaby, H. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume IV, Gordian III to Postumus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume Three, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, December 18, 2018.
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Roman Coins of Saloninus