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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Crisis and Decline ▸ SaloninusView Options:  |  |  | 

Saloninus, Summer 260 A.D.

Saloninus was one of the sons of Gallienus and Salonina. After the death of his older brother Valerian II, he was made Caesar late in 258 A.D. and sent to oversee the western regions, aided by his praetorian prefect Silvanus and the governor of Germany, Postumus. In 260 A.D., the same year his grandfather was captured by the Sasanians, Postumus rebelled and besieged him at Cologne. He was made Augustus in 260 but within a few weeks or months of his accession he was captured and executed. According to Vagi, his coinage as Augustus is extremely rare, with perhaps fewer than 20 specimens known. -- Coinage and History of The Roman Empire by David L. Vagi

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Spes was the Roman personification of Hope. In art Spes is normally depicted carrying flowers or a cornucopia, but on coins she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right hand, while the left is raising a fold of her dress. She was also named "ultima dea" - for Hope is the last resort of men. On this coin, the Caesar, Saloninus, the designated successor of the emperor, is identified as the hope for the future of the Roman people.
SH28080. Billon antoninianus, Gbl MIR 1707p (Samosata), RIC V-1 36 (Antioch), RSC IV 95a (Antioch), Hunter IV 12 (uncertain eastern), SRCV III 10775 (uncertain Syrian), Choice gVF, full circle strike on both obverse and reverse, dark uneven toning, weight 4.055 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Syrian mint, as caesar, Jan - summer 260 A.D.; obverse SALON VALERIANVS NOB CAES, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse SPES PVBLICA (the hope of the public), Valerian (on left) standing right confronting Spes, wearing military garb and holding spear, Spes standing left, raising skirt with left hand and presenting flower to prince with right hand, pellet within wreath above; SOLD

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RIC lists as common, but all coins of Saloninus are scarce.
RS06959. Billon antoninianus, Gbl MIR 939z, RIC V-1 10 (Lugdunum), RSC IV 61 (Lugdunum), Hunter IV 9 (Mediolanum or Viminacium), SRCV III 17070 (Mediolanum or Viminacium), VF/F, nice portrait, full circle centering, good metal for Saloninus, reverse weakly struck with a damaged die, weight 3.54 g, maximum diameter 24.5 mm, die axis 180o, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, as Caesar, 258 - summer 260 A.D.; obverse SAL VALERIANVS CS, radiate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse PRINC IVVENT (Prince of Youth), Saloninus standing half left, wearing military attire, baton pointed downward in right hand, transverse spear downward left in left hand, one standard in ground on right; from the Scott Collection; SOLD

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In 258, Valerian II, Gallienus' eldest son died. He was possibly murdered by Pannonia's governor Ingenuus. Valerian named Saloninus, another of Gallienus' sons, Caesar.
RS60278. Silver antoninianus, Gbl MIR 914e, RIC V-1 9, RSC IV 41, cf. SRCV III 10768 (PIETAS AVGG, Rome), aVF, well centered, some porosity, tiny encrustations, edge cracks, weight 3.167 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne) mint, as caesar, 258 - summmer 260 A.D.; obverse SALON VALERIANVS CAES, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PIETAS AVG (to the piety of the Emperor), implements of the augurate and pontificate, from left to right: lituus (augural wand), secespita (knife), ewer (jug), simpulum (ladle), and aspergillum (sprinkler); SOLD





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Elmer, G. "Die Mnzprgung der gallischen Kaiser von Postumus bis Tetricus in Kln, Trier und Mailand." in Bonner Jahrbcher 146 (1941).
Gbl, R. et al. Moneta Imperii Romani, Band 35: Die Mnzprgung des Kaiser Valerianus I/Gallienus/Saloninus (253/268), Regalianus (260) un Macrianus/Quietus (260/262). (Vienna, 2000).
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Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume Three, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, November 13, 2018.
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Roman Coins of Saloninus