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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Secessionist Empires ▸ RegalianusView Options:  |  |  | 

Regalianus, usurper in Austria, c. 260 A.D.

Many Roman Imperial coin collectors have a goal of acquiring one coin of each emperor. There are perhaps fewer than a dozen such "complete" collections in the world. One reason is the coins of this emperor. FORVM believes less than 25 coins of Regalianus are known to exist. Little is known of Cornelius Publius Gaius Regalianus. He appears to have been of Dacian origin and claimed descent from the Dacian king Decbalus, whose defeat by Trajan is depicted on Trajan's column. Literary sources locate his coup d'etat on the lower Danube, in Moesia, but his coins and those of his wife have been found only much further west, in Austria. All of his coins were over-struck on older coins. After a reign of only a couple months, Regalianus was murdered by his own troops after they were defeated by Gallienus.


Click for a larger photo
Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.

The extremely rare coinage of Regalianus and his wife, Sulpicia Dryantilla, are all antoniniani produced with crudely engraved dies. Like this coin, all examples appear to be over-struck on earlier coins, mostly on denarii of the Severan dynasty (193-235 A.D.). The reverse legend ORIENS AVGG refers to the East and with the plural ending, AVGG, probably indicates he hoped to rule as co-emperor in the East with Gallienus in the West.
SH21382. Silver antoninianus, Gbl Regalianus M1 and pl. II (same dies, citing specimen in Budapest); RIC V, part II, 7; RSC IV 4a, nearly VF, over-struck on a denarius of the Severan period though the details of the undertype are too obscure for identification, weight 3.328 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 225o, Carnuntum mint, c. 260 A.D.; obverse IMP C P C REGALIANVS AVG, radiate and draped bust right; reverse ORIENS AVGG (the rising sun of the two emperors), Sol standing left, radiate, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, whip in left; ex Forum (2003); extremely rare (R5); SOLD










OBVERSE LEGENDS

IMPCPCREGALIANVSAVG
IMPCREGALIANVSAVG


REFERENCES

Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Dempski, G. "Nachtrge zu R. Gbls Monographie Regalianus und Dryantilla" in NZ 91 (1977).
Gbl, R. et al. Moneta Imperii Romani, Band 35: Die Mnzprgung des Kaiser Valerianus I / Gallienus / Saloninus / (253/268), Regalianus (260) un Macrianus / Quietus (260/262). (Vienna, 2000).
Gbl, R. Regalianus und Dryantilla, Historischer Hintergrund, Numismatische Evidenz, Forschungsgeschichte. (Wien, 1970).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. IV. Valerian I to Allectus. (Oxford, 1978).
Mattingly, H., E.A. Sydenham & P. Webb. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol V, Part II, Probus to Amandus. (London, 1933).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Thursday, November 23, 2017.
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Roman Coins of Regalianus