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Celtic, Senones, Gaul (Area of Sens, France), c. 100 - 50 B.C.
In about 400 B.C. the Senones crossed the Alps and, having driven out the Umbrians, settled on the east coast of Italy from Forlì to Ancona (ager Gallicus), and founded Sena Gallica (Senigallia) their capital. In 391 B.C., they invaded Etruria and besieged Clusium. The Clusines appealed to Rome, which led to war. In 390 B.C. (or 387 B.C.), the Senones routed the Roman army at Allia and then sacked Rome. For more than 100 years the Senones were engaged in hostilities with Rome. They were finally subdued in 283 B.C. by P. Cornelius Dolabella and driven from Italy. In Gaul, from 53 to 51 B.C., the Senones engaged in hostilities with Julius Caesar, brought about by their expulsion of Cavarinus, whom he had appointed their king. In 51 B.C., a Senonian named Drappes threatened the Provincia, but was captured and starved himself to death. Their chief towns were Agedincum (later Senones, whence Sens), Metiosedum (Melun?), and Vellaunodunum (site uncertain).CE72628. Cast potin, De La Tour 7396, CCCBM III 385, Delestrée-Tache 2646, F, weight 3.866 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 225o, tribal mint, c. 100 - 50 B.C.; obverse helmeted head left; reverse horse left, pellets around; scarce; SOLD
Celts, Gaul, Ambiani, c. 90 - 80 B.C.
Celtic facing heads are of unusual style and rare.
Ex Elsen Auction 84 #40 sold for 170 Euros plus commissions.CE17574. Bronze AE 11, Scheers 366, VF, weight 1.193 g, maximum diameter 11.2 mm, die axis 0o, Ambiani mint, obverse facing head; reverse sea monster; green patina; SOLD
Celts, Gaul, Leuci, c. 70 - 52 B.C.
The Leuci were between the Mediomatrici on the north and the Lingones on the south, in the valley of the Upper Mosel. One of their chief towns was Tullum. They are mentioned once in Caesar; the Leuci, Sequani and Lingones were to supply Caesar with grain. Pliny gives them the title of Liberi. Lucan celebrates them in his poem as skilled in throwing the spear: "Optimus excusso Leucus Rhemusque lacerto." CE40894. Cast potin, CCCBM III 398 - 404; Castelin 578 - 581, gVF, weight 2.750 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 90o, Boviolles? mint, c. 70 - 52 B.C.; obverse crude stylizedhead left with three locks of hair, wearing wreath; reverseboar left, two semicircles between legs on exergue line below; SOLD
Armoricans, Channel Islands, Celtic Gaul, c. 1st Century B.C.
CE43708. Billonstater, De la Tour 6598, F, rough reverse, weight 6.460 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, c. 75 - 50 B.C.; obverse Celticized head right; reversestylized horse right, boar beneath; SOLD
Celtic, Volcae-Arecomici, Gaul, 77 - 44 B.C.
The Volcae Arecomici surrendered of their own accord to the Roman Republic in 121 B.C., after which they occupied the Roman province of GalliaNarbonensis (the area around modern day Narbonne), the southern part of Gallia Transalpina. They held their assemblies in the sacred wood of Nemausus, the site of modern Nîmes.GB90907. Bronze AE 14, CCCBM III 215 - 230, Castelin 109-110, De la Tour 2677, Depeyrot NC I 142, SNG Dreer 77, Blanchet fig. 475, VF, green patina, tight flan, weight 1.344 g, maximum diameter 14.3 mm, die axis 180o, Nemausus(?) mint, 77 - 44 B.C.; obverseVOLCAE, diademed head of Artemis right; reverse togate male standing slightly left, palm frond before, AREC upwards on right; SOLD
Massalia, Gaul, 4th Century B.C.
GS17168. Silver obol, SNG Delepierre 51, SNG Cop 723, VF, nice metal, weight 0.689 g, maximum diameter 11.7 mm, Massalia, Gaul (Marseilles, France) mint, 4th century B.C.; obverse young head of Apollo left; reverse wheel of four spokes; MA within; SOLD
Massalia, Gaul, c. 149 - 40 B.C.
GB80741. Bronze AE 15, Lindgren 131, SNG Cop 810, De La Tour 1673, F, weight 2.300 g, maximum diameter 14.9 mm, die axis 225o, Massalia, Gaul (Marseilles, France) mint, c. 149 - 40 B.C.; obversehead of Apollo right; reverse MAΣΣ, bull butting to right; SOLD
Celts, Gaul, Sequani, c. 100 - 50 B.C.
Some of the Celtic tribes that maintained close relations with Rome issued equivalent coins to facilitate trade. The Sequani asked for Caesar's help against Ariovistus but later they joined Vercingetorix' party against Caesar at Alesia.CE57615. Silver quinarius, De la Tour 5550, VF, off-center, weight 1.958 g, maximum diameter 13.1 mm, obverse TOGIRIX, helmeted head left (Roma?); reverse TOGIRIX, horse galloping left; toned; SOLD
Celtic, Remi, Northeast Gaul, 1st Century B.C.
CE54314. Potin unit, CCCBM III 477, Castelin Zürich 328, De La Tour 8145, Delestrée-Tache 220, VF, broken, partial, weight 2.807 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 270o, 1st century B.C.; obverse figure seated facing, with legs crossed, holding torc and plait of hair; reverseboar standing right; snake-like ornament and star above, star below; SOLD
Celts, Leuci, Eastern Central Gaul, c. 100 - 55 B.C.
The Leuci were between the Mediomatrici on the north and the Lingones on the south, in the valley of the Upper Mosel. One of their chief towns was Tullum. They are mentioned once in Caesar; the Leuci, Sequani and Lingones were to supply Caesar with grain. Pliny gives them the title of Liberi. Lucan celebrates them in his poem as skilled in throwing the spear: "Optimus excusso Leucus Rhemusque lacerto."CE53996. Potin unit, CCBM III 303, Delestrée-Tache 229, de la Tour 9155, Scheers 187, aVF, edge chips, pits, weight 2.986 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 255o, c. 100 - 55 B.C.; obverse helmeted head left, floral ornament before; reverse bull butting right, fleur-de-lis above; scarcetype; SOLD
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