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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Thrace & Moesia ▸ IstrosView Options:  |  |  |     

Istros, Thrace

Istros was probably the first Greek colony on the Black Sea, and was founded in 657 - 656 B.C. or sometime between 630 and 620 B.C. by Milesian settlers in a strategic position near the Danube Delta. The first monetary emissions consisted of cast arrow-heads, later marked with a wheel or inscribed IST. Proper coins were minted from the 5th century: attic standard didrachms with an incuse square reverse and cast small bronzes marked with a wheel. Later the staters suffered several weight reductions, and the incuse technique was discontinued. In parallel, Istros minted silver fractions, and after the silver issues were halted in the Lysimachos era, the city struck gold staters. Later, the city issued autonomous bronze coinage and Roman Provincial coinage.


Istros, Thrace, c. 3rd - 2nd Century B.C.

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GB29086. Bronze AE 13, Lindgren III A41e, Moushmov 152; BMC Thrace -, aVF, weight 1.560 g, maximum diameter 12.8 mm, die axis 0o, Istros (near Istria, Romania) mint, c. 3rd - 2nd century B.C.; obverse facing, radiate head of Helios; reverse IΣTPI, sea-eagle grasping dolphin in talons; scarce; SOLD


Istros, Moesia, c. 350 - 275 B.C.

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The control letter "∆" is unpublished in primary references for this type. The type is published with the control letters "∆I," however, this coin does not appear to be the result of a filled die.
GB54193. Bronze AE 16, AMNG I 458 ff. var (control-letter), SNG BM 259 var (same), SNG Bar 371 var (same), SNG Cop -, VF, weight 3.947 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 180o, Istros (near Istria, Romania) mint, obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse IΣTPIH, eagle left grasping dolphin in talons, ∆ below the eagle's tail; coarse green patina; extremely rare; SOLD


Istros, Thrace, c. 350 - 250 B.C.

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GB29082. Bronze AE 15, BMC Thrace p. 26, 15; SNG BM 260; SNG Stancomb 176, aVF, weight 2.285 g, maximum diameter 14.0 mm, die axis 0o, Istros (near Istria, Romania) mint, c. 350 - 250 B.C.; obverse horned head of river-god Istros (Danube) facing slightly right; reverse IΣTPI, sea-eagle grasping dolphin in talons; SOLD


Istros, Moesia, c. 350 - 275 B.C.

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Istros was the ancient Thracian name for the Danube, Europe's second longest river.
GB53764. Bronze AE 15, SNG Stancomb 169, AMNG I/I 458 ff. var (control-letter), SNG BM 259 var. (same), SNG Bar 371 var (same), SNG Cop -, VF, weight 4.237 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, die axis 225o, Istros (near Istria, Romania) mint, obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse IΣTPIH, eagle left grasping dolphin in talons, ∆I below the eagle's tail; a few spots of corrosion on obverse, well centered, attractive green patina; SOLD


Istros, Moesia, c. 350 - 275 B.C.

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GB53761. Bronze AE 16, SNG Stancomb 151, SNG Bar 371, AMNG I/I 458 ff. var (control-letter), SNG BM 259 var. (same), SNG Cop -, VF, weight 3.530 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 180o, Istros (near Istria, Romania) mint, obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse IΣTPIH, eagle left grasping dolphin in talons, B below the eagle's tail; SOLD


Istros, Moesia, c. 350 - 275 B.C.

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Istros was the ancient Thracian name for the Danube, Europe's second longest river.
GB60628. Bronze AE 16, SNG Stancomb 169, AMNG I/I 458 ff. var (control-letter), SNG BM 259 var (same), SNG Bar 371 var (same), SNG Cop -, gVF, weight 4.263 g, maximum diameter 14.8 mm, die axis 270o, Istros (near Istria, Romania) mint, c. 350 - 275 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse IΣTPIH, eagle left grasping dolphin in talons, ∆I below the eagle's tail; small spot of corrosion on the reverse, scratch on cheek, nice patina; SOLD


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Istros, Moesia Inferior

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Hermes was the messenger of the gods and the god of commerce and thieves. He was the son of Zeus and the nymph Maia. His symbols include the caduceus and winged sandals.
RP53757. Bronze AE 20, ANS DB 1957.52.364, AMNG I/I -, F, weight 5.486 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 225o, Istros (near Istria, Romania) mint, obverse AYT K M AYP ANTΩNIN (or similar), laureate head right; reverse ICTPIHNΩN, Hermes standing left, purse in right, caduceus in left; rare; SOLD


Istros, Thrace, c. 350 - 250 B.C.

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GB29085. Bronze AE 11, Lindgren III A41d, AMNG 458; BMC Thrace -; SNG Cop -; SGCV I -, VF, weight 1.967 g, maximum diameter 10.6 mm, die axis 180o, Istros (near Istria, Romania) mint, c. 350 - 250 B.C.; obverse head of Apollo? right; reverse IΣTPI, sea-eagle grasping dolphin in talons; scarce; SOLD


Istros, Thrace, 400 - 350 B.C.

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The obverse type has been variously interpreted as representing the Dioscuri, the rising and setting sun, and the two branches of the river Danube. - Greek Coins and Their Values by David Sear
GS54195. Silver hemiobol, AMNG I/I 453, F, struck with a worn obv die, weight 0.435 g, maximum diameter 8.3 mm, Istros (near Istria, Romania) mint, 400 - 350 B.C.; obverse facing male heads, right inverted; reverse IΣTPIH, sea-eagle grasping a dolphin with talons; SOLD


Istros, Thrace, c. 475 - 350 B.C.

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The cast wheel types are the first bronze coins of Istros. Evidence supports dating as early as 475 B.C. A recent discovery in the Temple of Aphrodite at Istros might push the date earlier. This type was a progression from earlier cast arrow money, some examples of which bear the same wheel design.
GB18964. Cast AE 13, SNG BM 221, VF, weight 2.202 g, maximum diameter 12.7 mm, Istros (near Istria, Romania) mint, c. 475 - 350 B.C.; obverse wheel with four spokes; reverse IΣT; SOLD




    




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REFERENCES

Lindgren, H. C. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins from the Lindgren Collection. (1993).
Mildenberg, L. & S. Hurter, eds. The Dewing Collection of Greek Coins. ACNAC 6. (New York, 1985).
Moushmov, N. Ancient Coins of the Balkan Peninsula. (1912).
Pick, B. Die antiken Mnzen von Dacien und Moesien, Die antiken Mnzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. I/I. (Berlin, 1898).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Belgium, Bibliothque Royale de Belgique, La Collection de Bronzes Grecs de Marc Bar. (Brussels, 2007).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain VII, Manchester University Museum. (London, 1986).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IX, British Museum, Part 1: The Black Sea. (London, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XI, The William Stancomb Collection of Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Oxford, 2000).
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Vol. II: Thrace (Abdera to Pautalia). (Bourgas, Bulgaria, 2005).

Catalog current as of Saturday, August 29, 2015.
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Istros Greek Coins