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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Byzantine Coins ▸ Dynasty of the Angeli ▸ Isaac II AngelusView Options:  |  |  | 

Isaac II Angelus, 12 September 1185 - 8 April 1195 A.D.

After the revolution that unseated Andronicus I, Isaac II succeeded to the throne. He was weak and unable to deal with the problems of the Empire. He debased the coinage, sold government posts rather than appoint qualified people, and was a spendthrift. In 1195, he was overthrown and blinded by his brother Alexius.Europe 1190 AD


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In Hebrew, Michael means "who is like God." Michael is mentioned three times in the Book of Daniel, once as a "great prince who stands up for the children of your people." The idea that Michael was the advocate of the Jews became so prevalent that in spite of the rabbinical prohibition against appealing to angels as intermediaries between God and his people, Michael came to occupy a certain place in the Jewish liturgy. In the Book of Revelation, Michael leads God's armies and defeats Satan's forces. Christian sanctuaries to Michael appeared in the 4th century, when he was first seen as a healing angel, and then over time as a protector and the leader of the army of God against the forces of evil. By the 6th century, devotions to Archangel Michael were widespread both in the Eastern and Western Churches.
SH53615. Electrum aspron trachy, DOC IV 2c, SBCV 2002, EF, weight 4.107 g, maximum diameter 30.1 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse MP-ΘV, the Virgin enthroned facing, nimbate, wears pallium and maphorium; holds before Her nimbate head of infant Christ, three pellets forming triangle on each side of throne; reverse ICAAKIOC ∆, Θ (between heads), X/MI (on r.), Archangel Michael standing facing (on right), nimbate, in military attire, scepter in left, crowing Isaac with right; Isaac standing facing, wears divitsion and chlamys, cruciform scepter in left, akakia in right; very scarce; SOLD


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In Hebrew, Michael means "who is like God." Michael is mentioned three times in the Book of Daniel, once as a "great prince who stands up for the children of your people." The idea that Michael was the advocate of the Jews became so prevalent that in spite of the rabbinical prohibition against appealing to angels as intermediaries between God and his people, Michael came to occupy a certain place in the Jewish liturgy. In the Book of Revelation, Michael leads God's armies and defeats Satan's forces. Christian sanctuaries to Michael appeared in the 4th century, when he was first seen as a healing angel, and then over time as a protector and the leader of the army of God against the forces of evil. By the 6th century, devotions to Archangel Michael were widespread both in the Eastern and Western Churches.
SH10986. Electrum aspron trachy, DOC IV 2c, SBCV 2002, EF, weight 3.572 g, maximum diameter 28.3 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 12 Sep 1185 - 8 Apr 1195 A.D.; obverse MP-ΘV, the Virgin enthroned facing, nimbate, wears pallium and maphorium; holds before Her nimbate head of infant Christ; reverse ICAAKIOC ∆, Θ (between heads), X/MI (on r.), Archangel Michael, stg nimbate on right in military attire, scepter in left, crowing Isaac with right; Isaac stg on left wears divitsion and chlamys, cruciform scepter in left, akakia in right; very scarce; SOLD


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This type is described in references with Archangel Michael on the obverse, however, Isaac was clearly on the anvil side (obverse) die.
BZ51316. Bronze half tetarteron, DOC IV, part 1, 6 variety (legend variations, type is not in the DO collection, catalog refs example in BN Paris), SBCV 2006, BMC -, Hahn -, gVF, weak areas, weight 1.244 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Greek mint, obverse IC/A - A/GS (or similar), half-length bust of Isaac, wearing crown and loros, cruciform scepter in right, akakia in left; reverse AO...?, winged, nimbate, facing, half-length bust of Archangel Michael, wearing divitision; extremely rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Bellinger, A.R. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection, Vol. IV, Part 1: Alexius I to Alexius V (1081-1204). (Washington D.C., 1966).
Berk, H.J. Roman Gold Coins of the Medieval World, 383 - 1453 A.D. (Joliet, IL, 1986).
Grierson, P. Byzantine Coins. (London, 1982).
Hendy, M. Coinage and Money in the Byzantine Empire 1081-1261. (Washington D.C., 1969).
Marchev, V. and R. Wachter. Catalogue of the Late Byzantine coins, Vol. I, 1082 - 1261 AD. (Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria, 2011).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothèque Nationale, 711 - 1204. (Paris, 1970).
Sabatier, J. Description générale des monnaies Byzantines. (Paris, 1863).
Sear, D.R. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A.U. Die Münzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Münzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines à l'époque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).

Catalog current as of Thursday, November 23, 2017.
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Byzantine Coins of Isaac II Angelus