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John II Comnenus, 15 August 1118 - 8 April 1143 A.D.
John II was the oldest son of Alexius I and succeeded to the throne in 1118. He was a good and capable ruler and did much to further the Byzantine Empire. He recaptured lost territory and added territory to the Empire. He attempted to curtail the trading privileges given to the Venetians but was forced to give up this idea. His reign was brought to an early end when he died in a hunting accident. His youngest son, Manuel I, succeeded him.
Byzantine Empire, Alexius I, Irene and John II, Autumn 1092 - 15 August 1118 A.D., John II Coronation Issue
Issued for celebrations throughout the Empire to honor the coronation of John II as co-emperor in 1092. This very rare type and two other types also issued for the coronation, are traditionally identified as the earliest tetarteron. They may actually be sphragidia that were distributed only to a select group of people who participated in the celebrations, or for charitable purposes.BZ95153. Lead tetarteron, DOC IV-1 pl. IV, Pb 37; Grierson 1035; CLBC 2.5.1; SBCV -; Hendy -, Sommer -, aF, bumps, encrustations, thick patina, weight 4.375 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, John II coronation issue, autumn 1092; obverse ∆/MI/TP (or similar, Demetrius, columnar on left), IW ∆ECΠT (or similar, John, Despot, clockwise on right), full-length figures St. Demetrius (on left) and John II standing facing, holding labarum between them; Saint nimbate, wears garb, sword in right hand, John wears stemma, divitision, collar-piece and jeweled loros; reverse AΛEZIW ∆- HPHNIV (or similar, Alexius, Despot - Irene), full-length figures of Alexis (on left) and Irene, holding long cross between them, both wear stemma, divitision, collar-piece and jeweled loros, Alexius holds anexikakia in right hand; from the S. Lindner Collection; scarce; $100.00 (€92.00)
Pure gold does not tarnish or tone and sometimes ancient gold coins are found looking just as they did the day they were minted. Gold that is less than pure with a small amount of silver in the alloy can tone slightly red in the right environment.SH90885. Gold hyperpyron, DOC IV-1 1a; CLBC I 3.1.1; Morrisson BnF 60/Cp/AV/1 ff.; Wroth BMC 10; Ratto 2094; Grierson 1064; Sommer 60.1; SBCV 1938, gVF, scyphate, light rose toning, flattened, weight 4.251 g, maximum diameter 33.0 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinopolis (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1118 - 1122; obverse Christ seated facing on throne without back, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, raising right hand in benediction, Gospels in left, IC - XC flanking head; reverse +IΩ ∆EXΠOTH − Θς MP, Half-length figures of John II and the Virgin Mary facing, holding patriarchal cross between them; John wearing crown, loros and akakia, manus Dei above him emerging from clouds; the Virgin nimbate, wearing pallium and maphorium; ex Munzhandlung Ritter; SOLD
John II was the oldest son of Alexius I and succeeded to the throne in 1118. He was a good and capable ruler, and did much to further the Byzantine Empire. He recaptured lost territory and added territory to the Empire. He attempted to curtail the trading privileges given to the Venetians but was forced to give up this idea. His reign was brought to an early end when he died in a hunting accident. His youngest son, Manuel I, succeeded him.SH90889. Electrum aspron trachy, DOC-1 IV 8d; CLBC I 3.2.2; Morrisson BnF 60/Cp/El/3; Wroth BMC 46; Ratto 2098; Grierson 1068, Sommer 60.5; SBCV 1942, aEF, scyphate, flan crack, weight 4.119 g, maximum diameter 33.1 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1122 - 8 Apr 1143; obverse IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Jesus Christ), Christ enthroned facing, throne without back, wearing nimbus cruciger, tunic and kolobion, raising right in benediction, Gospels in left, triangle of pellets at each end of cushion on throne; reverse IΩ/∆EC/ΠO/TH on left, Θ/ΓE/ΩP/Γ/I on right, John II and St. George standing facing, both holding a patriarchal cross on three steps between them; St. George nimbate, in military garb and with left hand on sword; dot (control symbol) below the tablion of the Emperor's chlamys; ex Jean Elsen sale V 116, lot 747; SOLD
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