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Alexius III, Angelus-Comnenus, 8 April 1195 - 17 July 1203
Alexius III was a corrupt and ineffective leader. He seemed more interested in plundering his empire for taxes and advancing his (and his wife's) social standing than protecting and defending the disintegrating Byzantine Empire. The armies of the fourth Crusade laid siege to Constantinople for several weeks in 1203, after which Constantinople surrendered. Alexius, true to his nature, fled the city with considerable gold. He ended up a hostage of the Seljuqs of Rum. When Theodore I Lascaris defeated Kaykhusraw I in the spring of 1211, Alexius was sent to a monastery where he died.