Bulgarian, Imitative of Alexis III, Aspron , c. 1204 - 1220 A.D.
Greek magnates in probably issued the earliest "Bulgarian" imitative types in the years immediately following the fall of Constantinople to finance their military operations against the in northern . When the Bulgarians gained control of they continued production until sometime between 1215 and 1220, with issues becoming increasingly crude and smaller.BZ79669. , , p. 218, C, pl. 25, 2(B) (imitative of 2012 of Alexis III, 1195 - 1203 A.D. ), VF, , 2.848 g, maximum 26.5 mm, 180o, + KεRO HΘεI, , beardless of Christ, wearing tunic and , raising right in , scroll in left; ΛΛEΣIW ∆ECΠ Θ TW KOMNHNW (or similar), emperor, on left, and St. Constantine, on right, standing facing, each holds a headed and they hold a between them; Constantine the Great on the !; $32.00 (€28.48)
Alexius III, corrupt and ineffective, was more interested in plundering than defending his empire. The 4th Crusade laid siege to Constantinople for several weeks before it surrendered. Alexius, true to his nature, fled with considerable gold. He was a hostage of the Seljuqs of Rum when Theodore I Lascaris defeated Kaykhusraw I in 1211. Alexius was sent to a monastery where he died.SH81912. Gold
, 1b; 2008; pl. 22, 3; 3-6, 2199; 2, gVF, but areas of flatness in the strike, 4.439 g, maximum 27.1 mm, 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 8 Apr 1195 - 17 Jul 1203; KE RO HΘEI (the lord God), Christ Pantokrator standing facing on dais, with crossed , wearing and , raising right hand in , Gospels in left, (Jesus Christ) flanking ; AΛEZIW ∆ECΠO−TW KOMNHNW, Alexius, on left, and St. Constantine, on right, both stand facing, holding between them, Constantine and wearing , Alexius wearing crown with , and , in right; ex Glenn ; SOLD
Saint Constantine was Roman emperor from 306 until his death in 337. Best known for being the first Christian Roman emperor, Constantine reversed the persecutions of his predecessor, , and issued (with his co-emperor Licinius) the in 313, which proclaimed religious toleration throughout the empire. The liturgical calendar, observed by the Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic Churches of rite, lists both Constantine and his mother as saints. Although he is not included in the Latin Church's list of saints, which does recognize several other Constantines as saints, he is revered under the title "The Great" for his contributions to Christianity.BZ36598.
aspron , 2012; , 1, 3, gVF, 2.833 g, maximum 26.5 mm, 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, + KεRO HΘεI, , beardless of Christ, wearing and , raising right in , scroll in left; AΛεΣIω ∆εCΠ Θ KωNTANTI (or similar), Alexius on left, St Constantine bearded and on right, holding between them, each wears crown, and and holds ; SOLD
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