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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Judean & Biblical Coins| ▸ |Jewish Revolts| ▸ |Judaea Capta||View Options:  |  |  |   

Judaea Capta

Discontent and inept rule led to open rebellion in 66 A.D. The Romans distracted by the Civil Wars following the death of Nero were unable to put a speedy end to the revolt. But, in 70 A.D. Titus, son of the new Emperor Vespasian captured and sacked Jerusalem and destroyed the temple. Roman Judaea Capta coins commemorate and celebrate the success of Vespasian and Titus against the First Jewish Revolt.

Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D.

|Domitian|, |Domitian,| |13| |September| |81| |-| |18| |September| |96| |A.D.|, |aureus|
Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.

The reverse depicts Domitian participating in the Judaea Capta triumph of 71 A.D. He is, as Josephus described him, riding alongside in magnificent apparel and mounted on a horse that was itself a site worth seeing.
SH43075. Gold aureus, RIC II-1 Vesp. 679; BnF III 100; SRCV I 2627, VF, weight 7.019 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, as caesar, 73 - 75 A.D.; obverse CAES AVG F DOMIT COS II, laureate head right; reverse Domitian on horseback prancing left, wearing military dress, raising right, scepter in left topped with a helmet; SOLD


Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D.

|Vespasian|, |Vespasian,| |1| |July| |69| |-| |24| |June| |79| |A.D.|, |aureus|
Fortuna (equivalent to the Greek goddess Tyche) goddess of fortune, was the personification of luck. Fortuna Redux brought one safely home. This coin was struck to honor Fortuna, to gain her support in ensuring the safe return of Titus from Judaea.
SH37555. Gold aureus, RIC II-1 1111; BnF III 292; SRCV I -, nice F, weight 6.908 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 225o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 71 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG TR P, laureate head right; reverse FORT RED COS III, Fortuna standing right, globe in extended right hand, caduceus in left; unusual Fortuna composition; SOLD


Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Judaea Capta

|Vespasian|, |Vespasian,| |1| |July| |69| |-| |24| |June| |79| |A.D.,| |Judaea| |Capta|, |sestertius|
This type celebrates the success of Vespasian and Titus in quelling the First Jewish Revolt. Coins commemorating this event are referred to as "Judaea Capta" issues.
SH76399. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC II-1 161 (R2); BMCRE II 534; Hendin 1500b; BnF III 490 var. (IVDAEA); Cohen I 239 232 var. (same); SRCV I 2363 var. (same), F, full circle centering, a few pits, weight 26.28 g, maximum diameter 34.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 71 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M TR P P P COS III, laureate bust right; reverse IVDEA CAPTA, palm tree; on left: captive Jewish warrior standing right beside palm with hands bound behind his back, behind him a pile of weapons, shields and helmet; on right: Jewess seated right on cuirass, propping her head with her left hand in attitude of morning, her left elbow on her knee, two shields at her feet, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; from the Jeff Michniak Collection; the only example of this very rare type on Coin Archives, a superb EF example, sold on 28 September 2014 for 42,000 (Approx. $68,226) plus fees!; very rare; SOLD


Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D., Judea Capta

|Titus|, |Titus,| |24| |June| |79| |-| |13| |September| |81| |A.D.,| |Judea| |Capta|, |denarius|
Judea Capta issue.
SH43433. Silver denarius, RIC II 1562 (Vespasian); RPC II 1934; RSC II 392, gVF, toned, weight 3.463 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 72 A.D.; obverse T CAES IMP VESP PON TR POT, laureate and draped bust right; reverse Palm tree flanked Titus and Judaea; on left, Titus standing right, spear in right and parazonium in left hand, left foot placed on globe; on right, Judaea mourning, seated right; SOLD


Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Judaea Capta

|Vespasian|, |Vespasian,| |1| |July| |69| |-| |24| |June| |79| |A.D.,| |Judaea| |Capta|, |sestertius|
This type celebrates the success of Vespasian and Titus in quelling the First Jewish Revolt. Coins commemorating this event are referred to as "Judaea Capta" issues.
SH30639. Orichalcum sestertius, Hendin 775, SRCV I 2327, BMCRE II 546, RIC II 427, aVF, pleasant brown surfaces, weight 24.377 g, maximum diameter 32.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 71 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M TR P P P COS III, laureate bust right; reverse IVDAEA CAPTA, Jewess mourning sits right on right beneath palm tree, behind Vespasian stands right in military dress with spear and parazonium, foot on helmet, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; very scarce; SOLD


Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Judaea Capta

|Judaea| |Capta|, |Vespasian,| |1| |July| |69| |-| |24| |June| |79| |A.D.,| |Judaea| |Capta|, |denarius|
This type celebrates the success of Vespasian and Titus in quelling the First Jewish Revolt. Coins commemorating this event are referred to as "Judaea Capta" issues.
SL91234. Silver denarius, RIC II-1 4 (R), BMCRE II 43, Hunter I 20; RSC II 229; SRCV I 2297; BnF III -, NGC Ch F, strike 4/5, surface 3/5 (4283488-003), weight 3.39 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 21 Dec 69 - early 70 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse Judaea or Jewess seated right on ground at foot of palm tree behind her, her hands bound behind and tied to the tree, IVDAEA in exergue; NGC| Lookup; rare; SOLD


Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Judaea Capta

|Vespasian|, |Vespasian,| |1| |July| |69| |-| |24| |June| |79| |A.D.,| |Judaea| |Capta|, |denarius|
This type celebrates the success of Vespasian and Titus in quelling the First Jewish Revolt. Coins commemorating this event are referred to as "Judaea Capta" issues.
SH36165. Silver denarius, RIC II-1 2; Hendin 1479; BMCRE II 35; RSC II 226; Hunter I 18; SRCV I 2296, choice gVF, clear inscriptions, well centered and struck, excellent portrait, toned, light marks, weight 3.466 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 69 - 70 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse IVDAEA, Jewess seated right, mourning, veiled, supporting chin with left hand, trophy of captured arms behind her; SOLD


Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D., Judaea Capta issue

|Titus|, |Titus,| |24| |June| |79| |-| |13| |September| |81| |A.D.,| |Judaea| |Capta| |issue|, |sestertius|
Part of the Judaea Capta series commemorating the Jewish War.
RB08500. Orichalcum sestertius, Hendin 777, RIC II 640, Cohen I 383, gF, weight 25.82 g, maximum diameter 35.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 72 A.D.; obverse T CAESAR VESPASIAN IMP IIII PON TR POT II COS II, laureate head right; reverse VICTORIA AVGVSTI (the victory of the Emperor), Victory standing right, foot on helmet, inscribing shield hung on palm tree, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across the field below center; scarce; SOLD


Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D., Judea Capta

|Titus|, |Titus,| |24| |June| |79| |-| |13| |September| |81| |A.D.,| |Judea| |Capta|, |sestertius|
Judea Capta issue On 14 April 70 A.D., Titus surrounded Jerusalem. He allowed pilgrims to enter to celebrate Passover but this was a trap to put pressure on supplies of food and water; he refused to allow them to leave. On 10 May he began his assault on the walls. The third wall fell on 25 May. The second wall fell on 30 May. On 20 July Titus stormed the Temple Mount. On 4 August 70 A.D. Titus destroyed the Temple. The Jewish fast of Tisha B'Av mourns the Fall of Jerusalem annually on this date.
RB94481. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC II 151 (R2), BnF III 156, Hunter I 41, Cohen I 109, Hendin 1593, BMCRE II 164, SRCV I -, aF, Tiber patina, corrosion, smoothing where corrosion has been treated and removed, weight 20.680 g, maximum diameter 32.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 80 - 81 A.D.; obverse IMP T CAES VESP AVG P M TR P P P COS VIII, laureate bearded head left; reverse palm tree in center, morning Jewess on left seated left on pile of shields, her head propped on her left hand, Jewish captive on right standing right with hands bound behind, arms on the ground, IVD - CAP (Judaea capta) divided across upper field, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; from an Israeli collection, ex Jean Elsen (Belgium); very rare; SOLD


Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Judaea Capta

|Vespasian|, |Vespasian,| |1| |July| |69| |-| |24| |June| |79| |A.D.,| |Judaea| |Capta|, |denarius|
"Judaea Capta" issue. The reverse depicts Vespasian riding in the Judaea Capta triumph of 71 A.D. The Jewish historian Josephus was present at the festivities and noted, "It is impossible to do justice in the description of the number of things to be seen and to the magnificence of everything that met the eye...The greatest amazement was caused by the floats. Their size gave grounds for alarm about their stability, for many were three or four stories high..On one float the army could be seen pouring inside the walls, on another was a palace running with blood. Others showed defenseless men raising their hands in entreaty, firebrands being hurled at temples or buildings falling on their owners. On yet others were depicted rivers, which, after the destruction and desolation, flowed no longer through tilled fields providing water for men and cattle, but through a land on fire from end to end. It was to such miseries that the Jews doomed themselves by the war..Standing on his individual float was the commander of each of the captured cities showing the way he had been taken prisoner...Spoil in abundance was carried past. None of it compared with that taken from the Temple in Jerusalem...The procession was completed by Vespasian, and, behind him, Titus."
RS86443. Silver denarius, RIC II-1 1559; RPC II 1931; RSC II 643; BMCRE II 512; BnF III 320; Hendin 1491; SRCV I 2279, VF, toned, bumps and marks, tight flan, areas of light corrosion, coppery areas, reverse a little off center, edge cracks, weight 3.170 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 72 - 73 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII, laureate head right; reverse no legend, Vespasian driving triumphal quadriga right, branch and reins in right hand, scepter in left hand; from the Lucas Harsh Collection; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

Burnett, A. & M. Amandry. Roman Provincial Coinage II: From Vespasian to Domitian (AD 69-96). (London, 1999).
Calic, E.X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. I: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Carradice, I.A. & T.V. Buttrey. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. II, Part 1: From AD 69 to 96. (London, 2007).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous lEmpire Romain, Vol. 1: Pompey to Domitian. (Paris, 1880).
Giard, J-B. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon, De Claude Ier Vespasien (41-78 aprs J.-C.), et au temps de Clodius Albinus (196-197 aprs J.-C.). (Wetteren, 2000).
Giard, J-B. Monnaies de l'Empire romain, III Du soulvement de 68 aprs J.-C. a Nerva. Catalogue Bibliothque nationale de France. (Paris, 1998).
Hendin, D. Guide to Biblical Coins, 5th Edition. (Amphora, 2010).
Mattingly, H. & R.A.G. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 2: Vespasian to Domitian. (London, 1930).
McAlee, R. The Coins of Roman Antioch. (Lancaster, PA, 2007).
Meshorer, Y. A Treasury of Jewish Coins from the Persian Period to Bar Kokhba. (Jerusalem, 2001).
Prieur, M. & K. Prieur. The Syro-Phoenician Tetradrachms and their fractions from 57 BC to AD 258. (Lancaster, PA, 2000).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. I. Augustus to Nerva. (Oxford, 1962).
Seaby, H.A. & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. II: Tiberius to Commodus. (London, 1979).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, The Millennium Edition, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part| 6: Palestine - South Arabia. (New York, 1981).

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