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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Judean & Biblical Coins| ▸ |Jewish Revolts| ▸ |Judaea Capta||View Options:  |  |  | 

Judaea Capta

Discontent and inept rule led to open rebellion in 66 A.D. The Romans distracted by the Civil Wars following the death of Nero were unable to put a speedy end to the revolt. But, in 70 A.D. Titus, son of the new Emperor Vespasian captured and sacked Jerusalem and destroyed the temple. Roman Judaea Capta coins commemorate and celebrate the success of Vespasian and Titus against the First Jewish Revolt.

Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Judaea Capta, Caesarea Maritima, Judaea

|Domitian|, |Domitian,| |13| |September| |81| |-| |18| |September| |96| |A.D.,| |Judaea| |Capta,| |Caesarea| |Maritima,| |Judaea|, |AE| |25|
This Judaea Capta type was minted at Caesarea Maritima, Judaea. After Herod's death, Caesarea was the seat of the Roman procurator and capital of Roman Palestine for about 500 years. A riot in 66 A.D. between Syrians and Jews in the city led to the First Jewish Revolt. Paul was delivered to Caesarea when his life was threatened in Jerusalem (Acts 9:30). From Caesarea, Paul departed to Tarsus, his birthplace. Paul met the church in Caesarea (Acts 18:22; 21:8,16). Finally, Paul was taken prisoner (Acts 23:23,33) and returned to Caesarea where he was tried before Festus and King Agrippa (Acts 25:1-4; 24:6-13)
JD93571. Bronze AE 25, Hendin 1455, Meshorer TJC 392, RPC II 2305, SNG ANS 492- 494, VF, red-brown patina, light marks, light encrustations, slightly off center, small edge split, weight 8.682 g, maximum diameter 24.7 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Maritima mint, c. 83 A.D.; obverse IMP DOMITIANVS CAES AVG GERMANICVS, laureate head left; reverse Athena standing facing, helmeted head turned left, placing helmet on trophy of captured arms with right hand, spear and round shield in left hand; trophy, on left, consists of cuirass, two shields and spears, two crossed greaves at bottom; ex Roma Numismatics, e-sale 53 (07 Feb 2019), lot 493; $125.00 SALE |PRICE| $113.00
 


Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Judaea Capta

|Judaea| |Capta|, |Vespasian,| |1| |July| |69| |-| |24| |June| |79| |A.D.,| |Judaea| |Capta|, |sestertius|
This type celebrates the success of Vespasian and Titus in quelling the First Jewish Revolt. Coins commemorating this event are referred to as "Judaea Capta" issues.
SH72106. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC II-1 167, BMCRE II 543, BnF III 498, Cohen I 239, Hendin 1504, SRCV I 2327, aVF, well centered, Tiber patina, porous, large pit on reverse edge, weight 22.557 g, maximum diameter 35.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 71 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M TR P P P COS III, laureate bust right; reverse IVDAEA CAPTA, Jewess mourning sits right on right beneath palm tree, behind Vespasian stands right in military dress with spear and parazonium, foot on helmet, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; ex Morton & Eden auction 57 (3 - 4 July 2012), lot 166; SOLD


Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Judaea Capta

|Judaea| |Capta|, |Vespasian,| |1| |July| |69| |-| |24| |June| |79| |A.D.,| |Judaea| |Capta|, |denarius|
This type celebrates the success of Vespasian and Titus in quelling the First Jewish Revolt. Coins commemorating this event are referred to as "Judaea Capta" issues.
SL91234. Silver denarius, RIC II-1 4 (R), BMCRE II 43, Hunter I 20; RSC II 229; SRCV I 2297; BnF III -, NGC Ch F, strike 4/5, surface 3/5 (4283488-003), weight 3.39 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 21 Dec 69 - early 70 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse Judaea or Jewess seated right on ground at foot of palm tree behind her, her hands bound behind and tied to the tree, IVDAEA in exergue; rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Burnett, A. & M. Amandry. Roman Provincial Coinage II: From Vespasian to Domitian (AD 69-96). (London, 1999).
Calicó, E.X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. I: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Carradice, I.A. & T.V. Buttrey. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. II, Part 1: From AD 69 to 96. (London, 2007).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l’Empire Romain, Vol. 1: Pompey to Domitian. (Paris, 1880).
Giard, J-B. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon, De Claude Ier à Vespasien (41-78 après J.-C.), et au temps de Clodius Albinus (196-197 après J.-C.). (Wetteren, 2000).
Giard, J-B. Monnaies de l'Empire romain, III Du soulèvement de 68 après J.-C. a Nerva. Catalogue Bibliothèque nationale de France. (Paris, 1998).
Hendin, D. Guide to Biblical Coins, 5th Edition. (Amphora, 2010).
Mattingly, H. & R.A.G. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 2: Vespasian to Domitian. (London, 1930).
McAlee, R. The Coins of Roman Antioch. (Lancaster, PA, 2007).
Meshorer, Y. A Treasury of Jewish Coins from the Persian Period to Bar Kokhba. (Jerusalem, 2001).
Prieur, M. & K. Prieur. The Syro-Phoenician Tetradrachms and their fractions from 57 BC to AD 258. (Lancaster, PA, 2000).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. I. Augustus to Nerva. (Oxford, 1962).
Seaby, H.A. & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. II: Tiberius to Commodus. (London, 1979).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, The Millennium Edition, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part| 6: Palestine - South Arabia. (New York, 1981).

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