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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Judean & Biblical Coins| ▸ |Jewish Revolts| ▸ |First Jewish Revolt||View Options:  |  |  | 

The First Jewish Revolt, 66 - 70 A.D.

Discontent and inept rule led to open rebellion in 66 A.D. The Romans distracted by the Civil Wars following the death of Nero were unable to put a speedy end to the revolt. But, in 70 A.D. Titus, son of the new Emperor Vespasian captured and sacked Jerusalem and destroyed the temple.

The First Jewish Revolt, 66 - 70 A.D.

|First| |Jewish| |Revolt|, |The| |First| |Jewish| |Revolt,| |66| |-| |70| |A.D.||shekel|
Discontent and inept rule led to open rebellion in 66 A.D. The Romans, distracted by the Civil Wars following the death of Nero, were unable to put a speedy end to the revolt. But in 70 A.D., Titus captured and sacked Jerusalem and destroyed the temple.
SH33191. Silver shekel, Hendin 1358, aEF, weight 14.324 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, year 2, 67 - 68 A.D.; obverse "Shekel of Israel" in Hebrew, Omer cup with pearled rim, date above (year 2); reverse Paleo-Hebrew: Jerusalem the Holy, stem with three pomegranates; SOLD


The First Jewish Revolt, 66 - 70 A.D.

|First| |Jewish| |Revolt|, |The| |First| |Jewish| |Revolt,| |66| |-| |70| |A.D.||shekel|
In 67, Vespasian arrived in Ptolemais, along with Legio X Fretensis and Legio V Macedonica to put down the Jewish Revolt. He was joined by his son Titus, who brought Legio XV Apollinaris from Alexandria. By late the spring the Roman army numbered more than 60,000 soldiers, including auxiliaries and troops of king Agrippa II.
SH28932. Silver shekel, Hendin 1358, EF, weight 13.496 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, year 2, 67 - 68 A.D.; obverse "Shekel of Israel" in Hebrew, Omer cup with pearled rim, date above (year 2); reverse Paleo-Hebrew: Jerusalem the Holy, stem with three pomegranates; SOLD


Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Caesarea Maritima, Judaea; Countermarked XF (Legio X Fretensis)

|Judaea| |&| |Palestine|, |Nero,| |13| |October| |54| |-| |9| |June| |68| |A.D.,| |Caesarea| |Maritima,| |Judaea;| |Countermarked| |XF| |(Legio| |X| |Fretensis)||AE| |22|
In 66 A.D., Legion X Fretensis moved to Judaea to suppress the revolt. In 68, the Xth destroyed the monastery of Qumran, where the Dead Sea Scrolls originated. In 70, the Xth camped on the Mount of Olives and used war machines to hurl 25 kg stones 400 meters at the ramparts of besieged Jerusalem. After a five month siege and the horrors of starvation, the city was taken and then completely destroyed. In the autumn of 72, the Xth, auxiliary troops, and thousands of Jewish prisoners erected a wall of circumvallation around Masada, the last Jewish stronghold. The Jewish defenders chose mass suicide before the final assault. After the revolt, the Xth was the sole legion in Judaea and garrisoned at Jerusalem. X Fretensis is recorded to have existed at least until the 410s.Legion X Camp
JD75360. Bronze AE 22, Sofaer Collection 9 (same c/m); RPC I 4862; Kadman Caesarea Maritima 1 ff.; Rosenberger 5 ff.; SNG ANS 753 ff.; Baramki 2 ff.; c/m: Hendin 1614, aF, c/m: VF, clear portrait and reverse type, weight 10.147 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Maritima mint, 68 A.D.; obverse NEPΩN KAIΣAP ΣEBAΣTOΣ, laureate head right; c/m: XF (Legio X Fretensis) within rectangular incuse; reverse KAIΣAPIA H ΠPOΣ ΣEBAΣTΩ ΛIMENI, Tyche standing left, right foot resting on prow, bust in extended right hand, long scepter (or standard?) vertical behind in left, L I∆ (year 14) in left field; from the J. Berlin Caesarea Collection; SOLD







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THE AMPHORA: THREE KINDS OF LIQUIDS WERE USED IN THE TEMPLE WATER, OIL AND WINE. WATER AND WINE WERE USED FOR LIBATION. OIL WAS USED FOR THE MEAL OFFERING, IN BREAD EATEN BY THE PRIESTS AND FOR LIGHTING. THE PUREST OIL WAS RESERVED FOR THE MENORAH. AT THE TIME OF THE FIRST JEWISH REVOLT, THE MENORAH WAS CONSIDERED TOO SACRED TO DEPICT ON COINS. THE AMPHORA DEPICTED MAY BE THE VESSEL THAT HELD THE OIL FOR THE MENORAH.



THE GRAPE AND GRAPE VIN
E: GRAPES, THE VINE AND WINE WERE AN IMPORTANT PART OF THE ANCIENT ECONOMY AND RITUAL. GRAPES WERE BROUGHT TO THE TEMPLE AS OFFERINGS OF THE FIRST-FRUITS AND WINE WAS OFFERED UPON THE ALTAR. THE VINE AND GRAPES DECORATED THE SACRED VESSELS IN THE SANCTUARY AND A GOLDEN VINE WITH CLUSTERS OF GRAPES STOOD AT ITS ENTRANCE

Catalog current as of Wednesday, April 14, 2021.
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