, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.
The cistophorus was first struck by the was a (four-drachms coin) struck on a reduced Asian of about 3 grams per . Its name was derived from the cista, a Dionysian cult snake basket that frequently appeared on the . After the was bequeathed to in 133 B.C., the Romans continued to strike for the province, with a value equal to three . The portrait of and later emperors replaced the cista on the .SH85435. Silver , Group VI, 2213, 16, 477, 916, 696, East 263, -, VF, , , light marks and scratches, 11.796 g, maximum 26.0 mm, 30o, mint, c. 25 - 20 B.C.; IMP CAE-SAR (counterclockwise below), right, linear ; capricorn right, turned back left, on its back, below, all within laurel ; $2000.00 (€1780.00)
the Younger, , 94 - 95 A.D., Smyrna,
In 94 A.D., because he had no heir, adopted his two young great-nephews. He renamed them and . The next year he executed the boys' father, his cousin, Flavius Clemens, and exiled the boys' mother, his niece, . They were charged with Atheism, a charge sometimes applied to condemn converts to Judaism or Christianity. The boys then disappeared from history and their fate is unknown.
Smyrna was the only city to strike coins in the name of the Younger. No coins were struck for his brother.
Some scholars connect with a Roman Matron in the Talmud (Avodah Zarah 10b) and the Deuteronomy Rabbah 2.25. When the emperor had decreed that in 30 days, the Senate would confirm an edict to kill all Jews and Christians in the Roman Empire, the Roman matron convinced her husband to stand up for the Jews. If that identification is correct, her husband Flavius Clemens converted to Judaism, after having contact with the great sage Rabbi Akiva. is a saint in both the Greek Orthodox and the Roman Catholic .SH83453. Bronze AE 16, p. 244, 3, pl. 31 (V1/R1); 1028; 1360; 2208; p. 276, 320, gF/F, 2.790 g, maximum 16.3 mm, 0o, Smyrna mint, as , 94 - 95 A.D.; OYOCΠACIANOC NEΩTEPOC, right; ZMYPNAIΩN, standing right, in extended right hand, frond over left shoulder in left hand; ex Numismatik, auction 7, lot 200; ; $1300.00 (€1157.00)
and , 39 B.C., ,
Triumvir Reipublicae Constituendae, abbreviated on this coin with , was the title adopted in November of 43 B.C. by the three Caesarian leaders ( , , and ) when they formed the to oppose the tyrannicides and Cassius.SH85436. Silver , 2202, 1198, 263, RSC and M. Antony 3, 263, East 135, 1513, VF, , , 12.035 g, maximum 27.3 mm, 0o, mint, summer - autumn 39 B.C.; M ANTONIVS IMP ET , conjoined of Antony and of right, Antony nearer and wreathed in ivy, draped; Dionysus standing half left on cista mystica, in his right hand, in his left hand, flanked by two interlaced snakes with heads erect, III VIR (triumvir) downward on left, R P C (Reipublicae Constituendae) upward on right; $1300.00 (€1157.00)
Lampsacus (as Gemella Iulia Lampsacus), , c. 45 - 35 B.C.
M. Grant ( , p. 246) first and convincingly attributed this to Lampsacus. P. Brunt (Italian Manpower, p. 600) argues convincingly that the colony was founded by about 45 B.C. and disappeared after its occupation by in 35 B.C. Turius was the legate (governor) of , 42 - 40 B.C. The is listed in on other issues of the colony.
RP85355. Bronze as, 2272 (2 specimens), 246(4), -, -, -; : -, F, a little rough with some , only three specimens known to , 4.044 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 45o, Lampsacus mint, 42 - 40 B.C.; of , C G - I L ( Gemella Iulia Lampsacus) divided across , : , C - C flanking at sides, within a roughly square punch; galley prow right, Q LVCRETI / L PONTI (duumvirs) above, M TVRIO LEG ( Turius, legate) below; extremely ; $800.00 (€712.00)
Plarasa and Aphrodisias, , 1st Century B.C.
During the middle of the second century B.C., the neighboring towns of Plarasa and Aphrodisias united, forming a single community. The union was undoubtedly approved and probably encouraged by to improve their security. The order of the names indicates Plarasa was the dominant community when the agreement was made. At that time Aphrodisias may have been little more than a small village with a sanctuary to Aphrodite. By the middle of the first century B.C., however, Aphrodisias was the prominent partner. Sometime during the reign of , the name Plarasa was dropped. The is apparently that of a late Roman Republican .GS84797. Silver , 2 (O2/R3), I 13 (same dies), 2434 (different dies), cf. p. 27 (illegible), -, aVF, die break behind on , scratches, polished, almost all of is off or unstruck, 3.478 g, maximum 17.1 mm, 0o, Aphrodisias-Plarasa mint, pseudo-automomous, 1st century B.C.; of Aphrodite right, veiled and draped, wearing , earring and necklace; ΠΛAPAΣEΩN KAI AΦPO∆EIΣEIΩN (or similar, none known with end of legible), standing right on thunderbolt, right, wings open, MY/ΩN in two lines in left , ΞE/NO/KPA/THΣ / ME/NAN/∆PO/Y (magistrate Xenokrates ) in nine lines in right ; extremely ; $600.00 (€534.00)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Soli-Pompeiopolis,
Aratos was a native of . His chief pursuits were medicine, grammar, and philosophy. He studied with Menecrates in , Philitas in Cos and Praxiphanes in Athens. About 276 he was invited to the court of the II Gonatas, whose over the Gauls in 277 BC Aratus set to verse. There he wrote his most famous poem, Phaenomena ("Appearances"). He then spent some time at the court of Antiochus I but returned to where he died sometime before 240 B.C.SH58900. Bronze hexassarion,
BIG 32mm bronze; extremely ; $320.00 (€284.80) 1605 (same dies); , p. 247, 20; -; -; -; -; -; -, gF, 12.323 g, maximum 32.4 mm, 180o, Soli-Pompeiopolis mint, 245 - 246 A.D.; AYT K IOY ΦIΛIΠΠOC EY CEB, , draped, and right, Π − Π across ; ΠOMΠHIOΠOΛ IAT (year 311) ς (6 assaria), bare-headed, draped of Aratos right; ex Ancient Numismatic Enterprise, with an old round coin ticket probably from 1960's or 1970's,
(Amisos?), Roman ( Lucullus?), c. 100 - 50 B.C.
The Q identifies the bare male as a Roman . This letter is not noted in RPC but is visible here and clear on other examples known to . Perhaps the image is of Lucullus, an important of , about whom Plutarch wrote. The , the Latin FETIA, refers to the fetial ceremony, of the treaty making process, during which a pig was sacrificed to sanctify the oaths. The mint location is unknown but Imhoof-Blumer placed it at Amisus, where Leypold acquired his specimen.SH71045. Brass AE 21, 2156, I p. 24, 69; 281, VF/F, 6.826 g, maximum 20.5 mm, 0o, (Amisos (Samsun, Turkey)?) mint, c. 80 B.C.(?); bare male right, Q ( ) below; two men standing, holding a pig between them, each with a hand raised, taking an oath of fealty, FETA IA in ; ; $320.00 (€284.80)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Uncertain Mint, Anatolia or
The mint, the who struck this , and even the identity of the person in the portrait remain uncertain. The has previously been attributed to and the portrait identified as (Friedlander) or (Grant). David notes the has never been found in . Finds point to or Anatolia. It is possible that the was issued, with his own portrait, by Sosius, a general under Marc Antony who was in 39 B.C. Much more likely, however, the portrait is of .RB71004. Bronze AE 27, 5409; 957 ( ); 29 ( ), F, green , 17.823 g, maximum 26.6 mm, 180o, uncertain Anatolian or Syrian mint, right; (spear), sella quaestoria (quaestor's seat of office), and fiscus (imperial treasury), Q (for ) below; previously a but recent finds have made it somewhat easier to acquire; $300.00 (€267.00)
, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., ,
Located near Lampsacus, belonged to the Delian League. In the Hellenistic period, it was in the domain of and then the Attalid dynasty. refounded it as a within the province of . After was divided in the 4th century, it was in the province of Hellespontus.RP70938. Bronze AE 21, 304; 1343; p. 108, 116, VF, perfect centering, struck with a damaged die, 4.774 g, maximum 20.7 mm, 180o, (Kemer, Canakkale, Turkey) mint, IMP VALERIANVS , ,draped and right; Capricorn swimming right, holding celestial globe between legs, on back, C G I H P ( Gemella Iulia Hadriana Pariana) below; ex Russian Coins; $300.00 (€267.00)
, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., , in with
This coin commemorates the ( ) between and . Cities in and sometimes formed alliances with other cities. The competition for prestige and rivalry between cities in the East was intense. Alliances could enhance a city’s status by aligning either with many cities or with particularly important ones. was of civic "foreign policy" and might have involved the exchange of delegates and joint celebrations and sacrifices. At least 87 cities issued coins celebrating their alliances. RP77248. Bronze AE 28, , VI, 857 (Vs.C/Rs.18); cf. 3668; 4054; 596, VF, , obscure on , 9.924 g, maximum 28.1 mm, 180o, (near Pamukkale, Turkey) mint, Oct 253 - c. Jun 260 A.D.; AY• K• - ΠOY• ΛIK• OYAΛEPAN/OC, , draped, and right, from the front, round on ; ΠOΛE/ITΩN - KE - CAP∆IANΩN, on left, standing right, in right hand, in left hand; cult statue of Kore facing, wearing and veil, NEOKOPΩN downward in right , OMONOYA in ; very ; $300.00 (€267.00)
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