From Augustus' conquest until Diocletian's monetary reforms, Egypt maintained a separate currency. Hoard evidence indicates that when crossing into Egypt all imperial coinage had to be exchanged for Egyptian and when leaving all Egyptian coinage had to be exchanged for imperial coinage. Coins are dated according to the Egyptian year which began on 29 August, or 30 August following a leap year. The Egyptian tetradrachm was officially valued at one denarius.
Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt, ZodiacType - Helios (Sun) in Leo
"The Zodiac series issued during year eight of Antoninus Pius is one of the more remarkable iconographic programs in the entire scope of Greek or Roman coinage." -- Keith Emmett, Alexandria Coins, p. 74A
SH58902. Bronze drachm, Milne 1813 - 1814, Geissen 1495 - 1496, Kampmann-Ganschow 35.278, Dattari 2967 var (draped bust); Emmett 1530, gF, river find, weight 21.911 g, maximum diameter 33.5 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 144 - 28 Aug 145 A.D.; obverse AYT K T AIΛ A∆P ANTWNINOC CEB EYC, laureate head right; reverseradiate and draped bust of Helios facing right and star, above lion running right, L H (year 8) below; big 32mm bronze drachm; $360.00 (€270.00)
Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
During Hadrian's reign Italian agriculture declined as imports from Egypt and NorthAfrica depressed wheat prices, making it unprofitable to farm and forcing many farmers off the land. In Rome, bread was distributed free to the poor and Roman bakeries produced dozens of bread varieties.
RX59599. Bronze drachm, Milne 1038; Dattari 1802 var (date above); Kampmann-Ganschow 32.228; Emmett 1015 (R5), Geissen -, BMC Alexandria -, SNG Cop -, SNG Hunterian -, VF, weight 22.004 g, maximum diameter 33.6 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 122 - 28 Aug 123 A.D.; obverse AVT KAIC TPAI A∆PIA CEB, laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder; reverseNilus reclining left, hippo under left arm, long reed in right, cornucopia in left, LZ (year 7) in exergue; extremely rare; $360.00 (€270.00)
Galba, 3 April 68 - 15 January 69 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
Galba was governor of Hispania Tarraconensis when he was proclaimed emperor by his troops. The Senate recognized his authority in Jul 68. His avarice, ruthlessness and refusal to pay a promised donative to the praetorian guards made him unpopular. He was assassinated in a conspiracy plotted by Otho.
RX64057. Bronze diobol, Dattari 320; Geissen 241; RPC I 5351; Milne 356; BMC Alexandria p. 24, 202; SNG Cop 154, VF, interesting portrait, weight 8.318 g, maximum diameter 25.8 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Sep 68 - 15 Jan 69 A.D.; obverse ΣEPOYI ΓAΛBA AYTO KAIΣ ΣEBA, laureate head right; reverse draped bust of Isis right, wearing crown of horns and disk, LB ( year 2) right; $350.00 (€262.50)
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ). Curtis, J.W. The Tetradrachms of Roman Egypt. (Chicago, 1957). Dattari, G. Numi Augg. Alexandrini. (Cairo, 1901). Emmett, K. Alexandrian Coins. (Lodi, WI, 2001). Geissen, A. Katalog alexandrinischer Kaisermünzen, Köln. (Cologne, 1974-1983). Kampmann, U. & T. Ganschow. Die Münzen der römischen Münzstätte Alexandria. (Regenstauf, 2008). Milne, J. G. A Catalogue of the Alexandrian Coins in the Ashmolean Museum. (Oxford, 1933). Pool, R. S. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Alexandria. (London, 1892). RPC Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/ Savio, A. ed. Catalogo completo della collezione Dattari Numi Augg. Alexandrini. (Trieste, 2007). Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982). Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values. (London, 1978 - ). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 8: Egypt, NorthAfrica, Spain - Gaul. (New Jersey, 1994). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Cabinet des Médailles, Bibliothéque Nationale, Vol. 4: Alexandria I, Augustus - Trajan. (Zurich, 1998). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow, Part 2: Roman Provincial Coins: Cyprus-Egypt. (Oxford, 2008). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Italy, Milano XIII, Civiche Raccolte Numismatiche, Aegyptus (Egypt), Part 2: Octavianus Augustus - Lucius Verus. (Milan, 1991). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Italy, Milano XIII, Civiche Raccolte Numismatiche, Aegyptus (Egypt), Part 3. Commodus - GaleriusCaesar. (Milan, 1992).
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