From Augustus' conquest until Diocletian's monetary reforms, Egypt maintained a separate currency. Hoard evidence indicates that when crossing into Egypt all imperial coinage had to be exchanged for Egyptian and when leaving all Egyptian coinage had to be exchanged for imperial coinage. Coins are dated according to the Egyptian year which began on 29 August, or 30 August following a leap year. The Egyptian tetradrachm was officially valued at one denarius.
Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
The Sphinx on the reverse appears to be a depiction of the famous Great Sphinx of Giza, the oldest known monumental sculpture, and still the largest monolith statue in the world.
RX65876. Bronze obol, Milne 510; Dattari 572; RPC II 2646; Kampmann-Ganschow 24.182; Geissen 397 var (date above); BMC Alexandria p. 40, 336 var (same), aF, scratches, weight 2.274 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Sep 91 - 28 Sep 92 A.D.; obverse AYT KAICAP ∆OMIT CEB ΓEPM (starting at 1:00), laureate head left; reverseSphinx reclining right, L IA (year 11) in exergue; budget example of a very expensive type; very rare; $450.00 (€337.50)
Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
During Hadrian's reign Italian agriculture declined as imports from Egypt and NorthAfrica depressed wheat prices, making it unprofitable to farm and forcing many farmers off the land. In Rome, bread was distributed free to the poor and Roman bakeries produced dozens of bread varieties.
RX59599. Bronze drachm, Milne 1038; Dattari 1802 var (date above); Kampmann-Ganschow 32.228; Emmett 1015 (R5), Geissen -, BMC Alexandria -, SNG Cop -, SNG Hunterian -, VF, weight 22.004 g, maximum diameter 33.6 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 122 - 28 Aug 123 A.D.; obverse AVT KAIC TPAI A∆PIA CEB, laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder; reverseNilus reclining left, hippo under left arm, long reed in right, cornucopia in left, LZ (year 7) in exergue; extremely rare; $400.00 (€300.00)
Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt, ZodiacType - Helios (Sun) in Leo
"The Zodiac series issued during year eight of Antoninus Pius is one of the more remarkable iconographic programs in the entire scope of Greek or Roman coinage." -- Keith Emmett, Alexandria Coins, p. 74A
SH58902. Bronze drachm, Milne 1813 - 1814, Geissen 1495 - 1496, Kampmann-Ganschow 35.278, Dattari 2967 var (draped bust); Emmett 1530, gF, river find, weight 21.911 g, maximum diameter 33.5 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 144 - 28 Aug 145 A.D.; obverse AYT K T AIΛ A∆P ANTWNINOC CEB EYC, laureate head right; reverseradiate and draped bust of Helios facing right and star, above lion running right, L H (year 8) below; big 32mm bronze drachm; $360.00 (€270.00)
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ). Curtis, J.W. The Tetradrachms of Roman Egypt. (Chicago, 1957). Dattari, G. Numi Augg. Alexandrini. (Cairo, 1901). Emmett, K. Alexandrian Coins. (Lodi, WI, 2001). Geissen, A. Katalog alexandrinischer Kaisermünzen, Köln. (Cologne, 1974-1983). Kampmann, U. & T. Ganschow. Die Münzen der römischen Münzstätte Alexandria. (Regenstauf, 2008). Milne, J. G. A Catalogue of the Alexandrian Coins in the Ashmolean Museum. (Oxford, 1933). Pool, R. S. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Alexandria. (London, 1892). RPC Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/ Savio, A. ed. Catalogo completo della collezione Dattari Numi Augg. Alexandrini. (Trieste, 2007). Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982). Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values. (London, 1978 - ). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 8: Egypt, NorthAfrica, Spain - Gaul. (New Jersey, 1994). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Cabinet des Médailles, Bibliothéque Nationale, Vol. 4: Alexandria I, Augustus - Trajan. (Zurich, 1998). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow, Part 2: Roman Provincial Coins: Cyprus-Egypt. (Oxford, 2008). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Italy, Milano XIII, Civiche Raccolte Numismatiche, Aegyptus (Egypt), Part 2: Octavianus Augustus - Lucius Verus. (Milan, 1991). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Italy, Milano XIII, Civiche Raccolte Numismatiche, Aegyptus (Egypt), Part 3. Commodus - GaleriusCaesar. (Milan, 1992).
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