From Augustus' conquest until Diocletian's monetary reforms, Egypt maintained a separate currency. Hoard evidence indicates that when crossing into Egypt all imperial coinage had to be exchanged for Egyptian and when leaving all Egyptian coinage had to be exchanged for imperial coinage. Coins are dated according to the Egyptian year which began on 29 August, or 30 August following a leap year. The Egyptian tetradrachm was officially valued at one denarius.
Roman Egypt, Antinoopolites Nome(?), Portrait of Antinous, c. 137 - 138 A.D.(?)
On 30 October 130 A.D., Hadrian founded the city of Antinoopolis on the very bank of the Nile river where Antinous drowned. It was the capital of a new nome, Antinoopolites. Perhaps the date on this coin is year four of an era beginning with the founding of Antinoopolis.
SH90379. Lead tessera, cf. Geissen 3583, Dattari 2093, Emmett 4290 (R5), Milne -, SNG Cop -, SNG Milan -, aVF, weight 5.023 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Antinoopolis(?) mint, c. 30 Oct 133 - 29 Oct 134 A.D.(?); obverse draped bust of Antinous right, wearing lotus crown, crescent-nimbus before, Nike on globe behind crowning him; reversebust of Horus right, draped and wearing the double crown of Egypt, date L - ∆(?) across fields; very rare; $750.00 (€562.50)
Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
In 153 A.D., there were minor uprisings in Egypt against Roman rule.
SH90303. Bronze drachm, Dattari / Savio 2824 (same dies), Geissen 1718 (same dies), Kampmann-Ganschow 35.613, Emmet 1650, Milne -, BMC Alexandria -, SNG Milan -, SNG Cop -, VF, rough green patina, edge cracks, weight 23.635 g, maximum diameter 34.8 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 153 - 28 Aug 154 A.D.; obverse AYT K T AIΛ A∆P − ANTΩNINOC CEB EYC, laureate head left, slight drapery on far shoulder; reversebust of Serapis right wearing kalathos, eagle standing facing with spread wings below, a star flanking bust on each side, I / L-Z (year 17) flanking eagle below wings; ex CNG auction 237 (21 Jul 2010), lot 239; ex Jencek Historical Enterprise; rare; $530.00 (€397.50)
Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt, ZodiacType - Jupiter in Aries
The reverse is Zodiactype meaning Jupiter in Aries. It takes Jupiter about 12 years to circle the zodiac (the planet visits an average of one sign a year). Since this type was issued over a number of years, it does not appear to refer to the then current year. Perhaps Jupiter was in Aries at the time of Antoninus' birth. If so, his horoscope predicted he should be wise, highly educated, and popular with an attractive personality. He would live like a saint and would make a good lawyer, judge, or accountant.
SH63102. Bronze drachm, cf. SRCV II 4447, Emmett 1654, gF, rough, weight 17.323 g, maximum diameter 31.7 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, obverse TI AYT K T AIΛ A∆P ANTWNINOC CEB EYC (or similar), laureate, draped, and cuirassedbust right; reverse draped bust of Zeus-Serapis (Jupiter) right, above ram right wearing hemhem crown, Egyptian altar before, date (obscure) above; scarce; $350.00 (€262.50)
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