From Augustus' conquest until Diocletian's monetary reforms, Egypt maintained a separate currency. Hoard evidence indicates that when crossing into Egypt all imperial coinage had to be exchanged for Egyptian and when leaving all Egyptian coinage had to be exchanged for imperial coinage. Coins are dated according to the Egyptian year which began on 29 August, or 30 August following a leap year. The Egyptian tetradrachm was officially valued at one denarius.
Roman Egypt, Antinoopolites Nome(?), Portrait of Antinous, c. 137 - 138 A.D.(?)
On 30 October 130 A.D., Hadrian founded the city of Antinoopolis on the very bank of the Nile river where Antinous drowned. It was the capital of a new nome, Antinoopolites. Perhaps the date on this coin is year four of an era beginning with the founding of Antinoopolis.
SH90379. Lead tessera, cf. Geissen 3583, Dattari 2093, Emmett 4290 (R5), Milne -, SNG Cop -, SNG Milan -, aVF, weight 5.023 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Antinoopolis(?) mint, c. 30 Oct 133 - 29 Oct 134 A.D.(?); obverse draped bust of Antinous right, wearing lotus crown, crescent-nimbus before, Nike on globe behind crowning him; reversebust of Horus right, draped and wearing the double crown of Egypt, date L - ∆(?) across fields; very rare; $670.00 (€582.90)
Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
In 153 A.D., there were minor uprisings in Egypt against Roman rule.
SH90303. Bronze drachm, Dattari / Savio 2824 (same dies), Geissen 1718 (same dies), Kampmann-Ganschow 35.613, Emmet 1650, Milne -, BMC Alexandria -, SNG Milan -, SNG Cop -, VF, rough green patina, edge cracks, weight 23.635 g, maximum diameter 34.8 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 153 - 28 Aug 154 A.D.; obverse AYT K T AIΛ A∆P − ANTΩNINOC CEB EYC, laureate head left, slight drapery on far shoulder; reversebust of Serapis right wearing kalathos, eagle standing facing with spread wings below, a star flanking bust on each side, I / L-Z (year 17) flanking eagle below wings; ex CNG auction 237 (21 Jul 2010), lot 239; ex Jencek Historical Enterprise; rare; $530.00 (€461.10)
Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
During Hadrian's reign Italian agriculture declined as imports from Egypt and NorthAfrica depressed wheat prices, making it unprofitable to farm and forcing many farmers off the land. In Rome, bread was distributed free to the poor and Roman bakeries produced dozens of bread varieties.
RX59599. Bronze drachm, Milne 1038; Dattari 1802 var (date above); Kampmann-Ganschow 32.228; Emmett 1015 (R5), Geissen -, BMC Alexandria -, SNG Cop -, SNG Hunterian -, VF, weight 22.004 g, maximum diameter 33.6 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 122 - 28 Aug 123 A.D.; obverse AVT KAIC TPAI A∆PIA CEB, laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder; reverseNilus reclining left, hippo under left arm, long reed in right, cornucopia in left, LZ (year 7) in exergue; extremely rare; $320.00 (€278.40)
Blum, G. "Numismatique D’Antinoos" in JIAN 16. (Athens, 1914). pp. 33 - 70. Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ). Curtis, J.W. The Tetradrachms of Roman Egypt. (Chicago, 1957). Dattari, G. Numi Augg. Alexandrini. (Cairo, 1901). Emmett, K. Alexandrian Coins. (Lodi, WI, 2001). Geissen, A. Katalog alexandrinischer Kaisermünzen, Köln. (Cologne, 1974-1983). Kampmann, U. & T. Ganschow. Die Münzen der römischen Münzstätte Alexandria. (Regenstauf, 2008). Milne, J. G. A Catalogue of the Alexandrian Coins in the Ashmolean Museum. (Oxford, 1933). Pool, R. S. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Alexandria. (London, 1892). RPC Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/ Savio, A. ed. Catalogo completo della collezione Dattari Numi Augg. Alexandrini. (Trieste, 2007). Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982). Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values. (London, 1978 - ). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 8: Egypt, NorthAfrica, Spain - Gaul. (New Jersey, 1994). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Cabinet des Médailles, Bibliothéque Nationale, Vol. 4: Alexandria I, Augustus - Trajan. (Zurich, 1998). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow, Part 2: Roman Provincial Coins: Cyprus-Egypt. (Oxford, 2008). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Italy, Milano XIII, Civiche Raccolte Numismatiche, Aegyptus (Egypt), Part 2: Octavianus Augustus - Lucius Verus. (Milan, 1991). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Italy, Milano XIII, Civiche Raccolte Numismatiche, Aegyptus (Egypt), Part 3. Commodus - GaleriusCaesar. (Milan, 1992).
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