From Augustus' conquest until Diocletian's monetary reforms, Egypt maintained a separate currency. Hoard evidence indicates that when crossing into Egypt all imperial coinage had to be exchanged for Egyptian and when leaving all Egyptian coinage had to be exchanged for imperial coinage. Coins are dated according to the Egyptian year which began on 29 August, or 30 August following a leap year. The Egyptian tetradrachm was officially valued at one denarius.
Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
During Hadrian's reign Italian agriculture declined as imports from Egypt and NorthAfrica depressed wheat prices, making it unprofitable to farm and forcing many farmers off the land. In Rome, bread was distributed free to the poor and Roman bakeries produced dozens of bread varieties.
RX59599. Bronze drachm, Milne 1038; Dattari 1802 var (date above); Kampmann-Ganschow 32.228; Emmett 1015 (R5), Geissen -, BMC Alexandria -, SNG Cop -, SNG Hunterian -, VF, weight 22.004 g, maximum diameter 33.6 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 122 - 123 A.D.; obverse AVT KAIC TPAI ADPIA CEB, laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder; reverseNilus reclining left, hippo under left arm, long reed in right, cornucopia in left, LZ (year 7) in exergue; extremely rare; $450.00 (€346.50)
Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt, ZodiacType - Helios (Sun) in Leo
"The Zodiac series issued during year eight of Antoninus Pius is one of the more remarkable iconographic programs in the entire scope of Greek or Roman coinage." -- Keith Emmett, Alexandria Coins, p. 74A
SH58902. Bronze drachm, Milne 1813 - 1814, Geissen 1495 - 1496, Kampmann-Ganschow 35.278, Dattari 2967 var (draped bust); Emmett 1530, gF, river find, weight 21.911 g, maximum diameter 33.5 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 144 - 28 Aug 145 A.D.; obverseAUT K T AIL ADR ANTWNINOC CEB EUC, laureate head right; reverseradiate and draped bust of Helios facing right and star, above lion running right, L H (year 8) below; big 32mm bronze drachm; $445.00 (€342.65)
Aelius, Caesar, July or August 136 - 1 January 138 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
Aelius had luxurious taste and led an extravagant life. He is said to have had Ovid's erotic poetry and "a book about Apicius" (presumably Apion's On the Luxury of Apicius) as bedside reading. Aelius personally invented tetrapharmacum, a dish that contained sow's udder, pheasant, wild boar and ham in pastry. Hadrian, liked it; the later emperor, Alexander Severus, liked it too.
RX59447. Bronze drachm, Dattari 2076, Milne 1546, Geissen 1273, Kampmann-Ganschow 34.4, BMC Alexandria 923, Emmett 1351, gF, weight 22.926 g, maximum diameter 32.9 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 137 -1 Jan 138 A.D.; obverseL AILIOC KAICAP, draped bust right; reverseDHM EXOUC UPAT B, OMONOIAin ex, Homonoia seated left, patera in right, cornucopia under throne; rare; $375.00 (€288.75)
Burnett A., M. Amandry and P.P. Ripollès. Roman Provincial Coinage I. From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (1992 and 1998 supplement). Burnett A. and M. Amandry. Roman Provincial Coinage II. From Vespasian to Domitian (AD 69-96). (1999). Curtis, J.W. The Tetradrachms of Roman Egypt. (Chicago, 1957). Dattari, G. Numi Augg. Alexandrini. (Cairo, 1901). Emmett, K. Alexandrian Coins. (Lodi, Wisconsin, 2001). Geissen, A. Katalog Alexandrinischer Kaisermünzen, Köln. (Cologne, 1974 - 1983). Kampmann, U. and T. Ganschow. Die Münzen der römischen Münzstätte Alexandria. (Regenstauf, 2008). Milne, J.G. A Catalogue of the Alexandrian Coins in the Ashmolean Museum. (Oxford, 1933). Pool, R. S. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Alexandria. (London, 1892). RPC Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/ Sear, David R. Roman Coins and Their Values. (London, 1984 - ). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum. (Copenhagen, 1942 - 1979). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow. (Oxford, 2004 - 2008). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Italy, Milano, Civiche Raccolte Numismatiche. (Milan, 1988 - 2000).
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