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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Medieval & Modern Coins ▸ Germanic TribesView Options:  |  |  | 

Germanic Tribes - Vandals, Goths, Gepids, Lombards, and Other Barbarian Invaders

Kingdom of Gepidia, c. 493 - 518 A.D., In the Name of Anastasius

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Long attributed to the Ostrogoths, Metlich corrected attribution of this type to Gepidia. The Gepids were an East Germanic tribe, closely related to the Goths, first recorded in the 6th-century as having been allied with Goths invading Dacia in c. 260. In the 4th century, they were under the hegemony of the Hunnic Empire. Under King Ardaric, the Gepids united with other Germanic tribes and defeated the Huns at the Battle of Nedao in 454. The Gepids then founded the Kingdom of Gepidia, which reached its zenith of power after 537, settling around Singidunum (today's Belgrade). For a short time, Sirmium (today's Sremska Mitrovica) was the center of the Gepid State. In 552 the Gepids suffered a disastrous defeat to Alboin, king of the Lombards, after which Alboin had a drinking cup made from the skull of the Gepid King Cunimund. Remnants of the Gepids were conquered by the Avars later in the 6th century. Erythrai_amphitheater
BZ86482. Silver quarter siliqua, Hahn MIB I 46 (Theoderic), Kraus 63 - 64 (Theoderic), BMC Vandals ?, MEC I ?, Metlich ?, VF, well centered and struck on a broad flan, toned, light marks, small edge crack, weight 0.885 g, maximum diameter 13.8 mm, die axis 180o, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, c. 493 - 518 A.D.; obverse D N ANASTASIVS P P AVC (Byzantine Emperor Anastasius, 11 Apr 491 - 1 Jul 518), pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse INVIT-A ROMA D M, (monogram of Ostrogothic King Theoderic, 454 - 30 Aug 526), cross above and star below, both dividing legend; SOLD


Vandal Kingdom, North Africa, c. 429 - 534 A.D., Imitative of Valentinian III

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In spring 429, the Vandals invaded North Africa. Under the influence of his rival general Aëtius, Valentinian III's mother, Galla Placidia, had the Roman governor and general Bonifacius convicted of treason. Rather than surrender for execution, Bonifacius revolted and sought support from Vandal mercenaries in Hispania. Bonifacius made peace with Galla Placidia, but it was too late. King Genseric and the entire Vandal kingdom migrated en masse into Africa and took it with a force of 80,000 men. The Vandals would rule North Africa until the Eastern Romans (Byzantines) recaptured it in 534.
ME79994. Bronze nummus, cf. BMC Vandals p. 27, 80 & pl. iii, 38, VF, crowded flan typical for the type, weight 1.460 g, maximum diameter 11.8 mm, die axis 180o, North African mint, c. 429 - 534 A.D.; obverse diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust of Valentinian III right, blundered legend; reverse camp gate with two turrets, star between turrets, blundered legend; ex Forum (2016); rare; SOLD


Vandals, Anonymous, Early 5th Century A.D.

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ME50449. Bronze nummus, BMC Vandals p. 38, 165 - 172; MEC I 33, gVF, weight 0.572 g, maximum diameter 9.5 mm, die axis 180o, Carthage(?) mint, 5th century A.D.; obverse diademed and draped bust right; reverse star within wreath; excellent for the type; rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Arslan, M. Le monete di ostrogoti, longobardi e vandalli. Catalogo delle Civiche Raccolte Numismatiche di Milano. (Milan, 1978).
Bernareggi, E. Il sistema economico e la monetazione dei Longobardi nell'Italia superior. (Milano, 1960).
Boutin, S. Monnaies des Empires de Byzance - Collection of N.K. (Maastricht, 1983).
Corpus Nummorum Italicorum. (Rome, 1910-1943).
Demo, Z. Ostrogothic coinage from collections in Croatia, Slovenia and Bosnia & Herzegovina. (Ljubljana, 1994).
Depeyrot, G. Les émissions monétaires d'Arles (4th -5th Siècles). (Wetteren, 1996).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or. (Wetteren, 1995-1996).
Depeyrot, G. "Les solidi gaulois de Valentinian III" in SNR 65 (1986).
Grierson, P. and M. Blackburn. Medieval European Coinage, Volume 1: The Early Middle Ages (5th - 10th Centuries). (Cambridge, 2007).
Hahn, W. "Das Wertsystem der vandalischen Kupfermünzen" in JNG XXXVI (1986).
Hahn, W. Moneta Imperii Byzantini. (Vienna, 1973-81).
Kent, J. "The coinage of Theodoric in the names of Anastasius and Justin I" in Essays Baldwin.
Kent, J. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Volume X, The Divided Empire and the Fall of the Western Parts, AD 395 - 491. (London, 1994).
King, C. "Fifth Century Silver Coinage in the Western Roman Empire (401-413)" in Mélanges Bastien.
Kraus, F. Die Münzen Odovacars und des Ostgotenreiches in Italien. (Riechmann, 1928).
Lacam, G. La fin de L'Empire Romain et le monnayage or en Italie. (Lucern, 1983).
Metlich, M. The Coinage of Ostrogothic Italy. (London, 2004).
Morrisson, C. & J. Schwartz. "Vandal Silver Coinage in the Name of Honorius" in MN 27 (1982).
Oddy, W. "Analysis of the Gold Coinage of Beneventum" in NC 1974.
Ranieri, E. La monetazione di Ravenna antica dal V all' VIII secolo: impero romano e bizantino, regno ostrogoto e langobardo. (Bologna, 2006).
Reinhart, W. "Die Münzen des tolosanischen Reiches der Westgoten" in Deutsches Jahrbuch für Numismatik 1938.
Sambon, A. Les monnaies antiques de l'Italie. (Paris, 1903).
Ulrich-Bansa, O. Moneta Mediolanensis (352-498). (Venice, 1949).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths, Lombards and Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea, and Trebizond in the British Museum. (London, 1911).

Catalog current as of Thursday, September 20, 2018.
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Germanic Tribes