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Home>Catalog>ByzantineCoins>JustinianDynasty>JustinI

Justin I, 10 July 518 - 1 August 527 A.D.

Joint rule with Justinian I (his nephew), 4 April - 1 August 527 A.D.
Of Macedonian peasant origin, Justin I rose through the ranks of the military and was proclaimed emperor by the army on 10 July 518 A.D. He was uneducated, but intelligent enough to rely upon the policy advice of his brilliant nephew, Justinian I. Justinian was raised to the rank of co-Emperor months before Justin's death on 1 August 527 A.D.
Thessaly


Byzantine Empire, Justin I and Justinian I, April - 1 August 527 A.D.
Click for a larger photo This tiny bronze from Antioch is the last coin type to depict the Tyche of Antioch by Eutychides and, indeed, it is the last ancient coin type to depict any classical deity. The sculpture, which first appeared on coins of Antioch in the second century B.C., was made in the late 4th Century B.C. by the Greek sculptor Eutychides of Sicyon for the then newly founded city of Antioch. The sculpture was imitated by many Asiatic cities. There is a small copy in the Vatican.
SH65333. Bronze pentanummium, DOC I 17, Hahn MIB 13, Wroth BMC 10 - 11, SBCV 133, Morrisson BN -, Ratto -, F, weight 2.035 g, maximum diameter 13.0 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch mint, obverse D N D N IVSTINVS ET IVSTINIANVS PP AVG (or similar), diademed, draped and cuirassed busts of Justin and Justinian facing; reverse Tyche of Antioch seated left, Ý left, all within a distyle shrine; very rare; $175.00 (€131.25)

Click for a larger photo Tyche (Greek for luck; the Roman equivalent was Fortuna) was the presiding tutelary deity that governed the fortune and prosperity of a city, its destiny. Increasingly during the Hellenistic period, cities had their own specific iconic version of Tyche, wearing a mural crown (a crown like the walls of the city).
BZ69702. Bronze pentanummium, DOC I 57, Wroth BMC 75 ff., Morrisson BN 11 ff., Tolstoi 90, Ratto 430 ff., Hahn MIB 67, SBCV 111, Nice gF, highlighting Syrian patina, weight 1.501 g, maximum diameter 12.0 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch mint, obverse D N IVSTINVS PP AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse the Tyche of Antioch seated left, river god Orontes beneath her, inverted E left, all within shrine; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; scarce; $35.00 (€26.25)

Click for a larger photo They look similar, but there is a significant physical difference betweens angels and Victory. Angels are all male. Victory (Nike) is female. On Byzantine coinage, the male angel replaced the female Victory after the reunion with Rome was concluded on 28 March 519 A.D.
SH54778. Gold solidus, DOC I 2h, Berk 38, Hahn MIB 3, Wroth BMC 1 - 6, SBCV 56, gVF, some die rust, wavy, weight 4.424 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 180o, 9th officina, Constantinople mint, 522 - 527; obverse D N IVSTI-NVS P P AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, spear in right over shoulder, shield on left arm ornamented with horseman; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG Θ, angel standing facing, long cross in right, globus cruciger in left, star right, CONOB in ex; SOLD


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REFERENCES

Bellinger, A.R. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection, Vol. I Anastasius I to Maurice, 491-602. (Washington D.C., 1966).
Berk, H.J. Roman Gold Coins of the Medieval World, 383 - 1453 A.D. (Joliet, IL, 1986).
Carson, R.A.G., P.V. Hill & J.P.C. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Hahn, W. Moneta Imperii Byzantini. (Vienna, 1973-81).
Hahn, W. and M.A. Metlich. Money of the Insipient Byzantine Empire. (Vienna, 2000).
Hendy, M. Coinage and Money in the Byzantine Empire 1081-1261. (Washington D.C., 1969).
Hennequin, G. Catalogue des monnaies musulmanes de la Bibliotheque Nationale. (Paris, 1985).
Metlich, M. A. The Coinage of Ostrogothic Italy. (London, 2004).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothèque Nationale. (Paris, 1970).
Sear, D. R. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines à l'époque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths, Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea, and Trebizond in the British Museum. (London, 1911).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, April 23, 2014.
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Byzantine Coins of Justin I