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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Byzantine Coins ▸ Justinian Dynasty ▸ Justin IView Options:  |  |  | 

Justin I, 10 July 518 - 1 August 527 A.D.

Joint rule with Justinian I (his nephew), 4 April - 1 August 527 A.D.
Of Macedonian peasant origin, Justin I rose through the ranks of the military and was proclaimed emperor by the army on 10 July 518 A.D. He was uneducated, but intelligent enough to rely upon the policy advice of his brilliant nephew, Justinian I. Justinian was raised to the rank of co-Emperor months before Justin's death on 1 August 527 A.D.
Map 526 AD


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This tiny bronze from Antioch is the last coin type to depict the Tyche of Antioch by Eutychides and, indeed, it is the last ancient coin type to depict any classical deity. The sculpture, which first appeared on coins of Antioch in the second century B.C., was made in the late 4th Century B.C. by the Greek sculptor Eutychides of Sicyon for the then newly founded city of Antioch. The sculpture was imitated by many Asiatic cities. There is a small copy in the Vatican.
BZ73040. Bronze pentanummium, DOC I 17, Hahn MIB 13, Wroth BMC 10 - 11, SBCV 133, Morrisson BnF -, Ratto -, F, nice glossy green patina with earthen highlighting, weight 1.716 g, maximum diameter 12.5 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, obverse D N D N IVSTINVS ET IVSTINIANVS PP AVG (or similar), diademed, draped and cuirassed busts of Justin and Justinian facing; reverse Tyche of Antioch seated left, reversed E left, all within a distyle shrine; very rare; $90.00 (€80.10)
 


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In July 520, the Byzantine general Vitalian, became consul and was shortly after murdered, probably on the orders of the emperor's nephew Justinian. In 521, Justinian, age 39, was appointed consul. He soon became Commander-in-chief of the army of the East and in 527 succeeded Justin I as emperor.
BZ76747. Bronze pentanummium, DOC I 20, SBCV 74, Sommer 2.16, Morrisson BnF 2/Cp/AE/21 ff., Hahn MIB 27, Wroth BMC -, Tolstoi -, Ratto -, gF, both sides about 1/3 off-center, flan casting sprue, small edge cracks, porous, weight 2.583 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 518 - 522; obverse D N IVSTIN-VS PP AVC, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse large E (mark of value), C/O/N vertical downward on right, officina letter (mostly off flan) far right; this is the first example of this rare type handled by Forum; rare; $45.00 (€40.05)
 


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Justin was a peasant and a swineherd by occupation from the Dardania region, in the Prefecture of Illyricum. He was of Thraco-Roman or Illyro-Roman stock, spoke rudimentary Greek, and bore a Thracian name, Istok. As a teenager, he and two companions fled from a barbaric invasion, and took refuge in Constantinople, possessing nothing more than the ragged clothes on their backs and a sack of bread between them. Justin soon joined the army and, through his ability, rose through the ranks to become a general. By the time of Anastasius' death in 518, he held the influential position of comes excubitorum, commander of the palace guard.
BZ77950. Bronze follis, DOC I 9a, Wroth BMC 29, Morrisson BnF 2/Cp/AE/11, Tolstoi 28, Ratto 397, Hahn MIB 11, Sommer 2.7, SBCV 63, F, green patina, well centered, uneven strike, weight 15.696 g, maximum diameter 31.1 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 10 Jul 518 - 1 Aug 527 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINVS P P AVG, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse large M (40 nummi), cross above, star left, cross right, A (1st officina) below, CON (Constantinople) in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $35.00 (€31.15)
 







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REFERENCES

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Metcalf, M.E. "Folles and fractional copper minted at Thessaloniki under Justin I" in JNG XXX (1980).
Metcalf, W.E. "Joint Reign Gold of Justin I and Justinian I" in SEBGC.
Metlich, M. A. The Coinage of Ostrogothic Italy. (London, 2004).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothèque Nationale I, 491 - 711. (Paris, 1970).
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Sommer, A.U. Die Münzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Münzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths, Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea, and Trebizond in the British Museum. (London, 1911).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).

Catalog current as of Monday, December 05, 2016.
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Byzantine Coins of Justin I