Justin I, 10 July 518 - 1 August 527 A.D.
It appears that, to increase the weight, two plugs were added to the center of the flan before striking.SH73335. Gold solidus, DOC I 9h, Morrisson BnF 17, Tolstoi 37, Ratto 462, Sommer 4.3, Hahn MIB 7, SBCV 140, Wroth BMC -, VF, centered on a broad flan, flan adjustment plugs, weight 4.406 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 545 - 565 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINIANVS PP AVG, helmeted, diademed and cuirassed bust facing, globus in right, shield decorated with horseman; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG H, angel standing facing in tunic and pallium, holding long staff topped with
This tiny bronze from Antioch is the last coin type to depict the Tyche of Antioch by Eutychides and, indeed, it is the last ancient coin type to depict any classical deity. The sculpture, which first appeared on coins of Antioch in the second century B.C., was made in the late 4th Century B.C. by the Greek sculptor Eutychides of Sicyon for the then newly founded city of Antioch. The sculpture was imitated by many Asiatic cities. There is a small copy in the Vatican.BZ73040. Bronze pentanummium, DOC I 17, Hahn MIB 13, Wroth BMC 10 - 11, SBCV 133, Morrisson BnF -, Ratto -, F, nice glossy green patina with earthen highlighting, weight 1.716 g, maximum diameter 12.5 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, obverse D N D N IVSTINVS ET IVSTINIANVS PP AVG (or similar), diademed, draped and cuirassed busts of Justin and Justinian facing; reverse Tyche of Antioch seated left, reversed E left, all within a distyle shrine; very rare; $100.00 (€87.00)
In 518, the synagogues of Ravenna were burned down in a riot; Theodoric the Great ordered them to be rebuilt at Ravenna's expense.BZ69693. Bronze follis, Morrisson BnF 18, Tolstoi 37, Sommer 2.8, Hahn MIB 13, SBCV 64, DOC I - (only officina B listed), Wroth BMC -, Ratto -, F, weight 17.930 g, maximum diameter 31.4 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 518 - 522 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTI-NVS PP AVC, diademed and draped bust right; reverse large M (40 nummi) between two crosses, cross above, E (5th officina) below, CON (Constantinople) in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; rare; $75.00 (€65.25)
Byzantine Empire, Justin I, 10 July 518 - 1 August 527 A.D.
Nicomedia had two officinae (workshops) and struck these Christogram type pentanummium with and without the two pellets in the lower field. We believe the type without pellets was struck by the first officina and the type with two pellets was struck by the second officina.BZ69700. Bronze pentanummium, DOC I 37, Sommer 2.35, Hahn MIB 47, Berk 81, SBCV 93, Morrison BnF -, aF, weight 2.015 g, maximum diameter 13.2 mm, die axis 180o, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 522 - 527 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINVS PP AV (or similar, obscure), diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right; reverse large Christogram, N (Nicomedia) left, E (5 nummi) right, two pellets (2nd officina?) in lower inner fields; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $38.00 (€33.06)
Tyche (Greek for luck; the Roman equivalent was Fortuna) was the presiding tutelary deity that governed the fortune and prosperity of a city, its destiny. Increasingly during the Hellenistic period, cities had their own specific iconic version of Tyche, wearing a mural crown (a crown like the walls of the city).BZ69702. Bronze pentanummium, DOC I 57, Wroth BMC 75 ff., Morrisson BnF 11 ff., Tolstoi 90, Ratto 430 ff., Hahn MIB 67, SBCV 111, Nice gF, highlighting Syrian patina, weight 1.501 g, maximum diameter 12.0 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 522 - 527 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINVS PP AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse the Tyche of Antioch seated left, river god Orontes beneath her, inverted E left, all within shrine; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; scarce; $35.00 (€30.45)
About 523 A.D., Justinian, who would later be the Byzantine emperor, married in Constantinople his mistress Theodora, a professional courtesan.BZ69695. Bronze half follis, DOC I 15c, Ratto 403, Sommer 2.13, Hahn MIB 19, Berk 50, SBCV 69, Wroth BMC -, Morrison BnF -, Tolstoi -, F, weight 6.229 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 522 - 527 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINVS PP AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse large K (20 nummi), long cross left, star above, star below, Γ (3th officina) right; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $30.00 (€26.10)
Nicomedia was the Roman metropolis of Bithynia. Diocletian made it the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire in 286 when he introduced the Tetrarchy system. Nicomedia remained as the eastern (and most senior) capital of the Roman Empire until co-emperor Licinius was defeated by Constantine the Great at the Battle of Chrysopolis in 324. Constantine resided mainly in Nicomedia as his interim capital for the next six years, until in 330 when he declared the nearby Byzantium (renamed Constantinople) the new capital. Constantine died in his royal villa in the vicinity of Nicomedia in 337. Due to its position at the convergence of the Asiatic roads leading to the new capital, Nicomedia retained its importance even after the foundation of Constantinople.BZ69699. Bronze half follis, DOC I 34b, Wroth BMC 60, Tolstoi 62, Ratto 422, Sommer 2.33, Hahn MIB 42, Berk 76, SBCV 90, Morrisson BnF -, F, corrosion, rough, weight 5.607 g, maximum diameter 27.9 mm, die axis 225o, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 518 - 527 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTI-NVS P AC (sic), diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse large K (20 nummi), long cross between N and I (Nicomedia) left, B (2nd officina) right; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $18.00 (€15.66)
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