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Byzantine Empire, Manuel I Comnenus, 8 April 1143 - 24 September 1180 A.D.
Saint George (c. 275-281- April 23, 303) was a soldier of the Roman Empire from Anatolia, who was venerated as a Christian martyr. Immortalized in the tale of George and the Dragon, he is the patron saint of England, Greece, Portugal, Russia, and many other countries, cities and organizations. -- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_George
BZ45637. Bronze half tetarteron, SBCV 1980; DOC IV, part 1, 23, VF, weight 1.565 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Greek mint, 1152 - c. 1160 A.D.; obverse Θ / Γ/ε−ωP/ΓI/OC (or similar), bust of St. George facing, beardless, wearing nimbus, tunic, cuirass, and sagion, spear in right, shield in left; reverse MANYH ∆εCΠOT, Manuel, bust facing, wearing crown and loros, labarum in right, globus cruciger in left; nice green patina, crack; $40.00 (€30.00)
Islamic, Golden Horde Khans, Muhammed Bulaq Khan, 1369 - 1380 A.D., 771 - 782 A.H.
IS47877. Billondirham, Sagdeeva 349, Savel’ev 79, Album 2046, Mitchiner WOI -, F, weight 1.383 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 135o, Urdu mint, AH 771; obverse Arabic inscription: "Al-Sultan al-adil / Mohammed Khan / Khalda mulku" (The Just Sultan, Khan Mohamed, may his rule endure); reverse Arabic inscription: Struck in Urdu 771; scarce; $40.00 (€30.00)
Julia Maesa, Augusta 8 June 218 - 224 or 225 A.D.
This coin was bent into a cup shape by the extreme heat of a fire.
RS51026. Silver denarius, SRCV II 2183, RIC IV 268, BMCRE V 76, RSC III 36, gF, fire damaged - bent, weight 1.832 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 218 - 222 A.D.; obverse IVLIA MAESA AVG, draped bust right; reversePVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left, veiled, scepter in left; $40.00 (€30.00)
Leo I, 7 February 457 - 18 January 474 A.D.
RL54431. Bronze AE4, cf. RIC X 674, LRBC 2260, F, weight 0.897 g, maximum diameter 10.4 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse D N LEO P F AVG (or similar), pearl diademed, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverselion crouching left, head turned back right, CON (Constantinople) in exergue; bargain priced!; $40.00 (€30.00)
Second Bulgarian Empire, Vidin Kingdom, Ivan Stracimir, 1356 - 1397 A.D.
Ivan Alexander divided his kingdom between his two sons. Ivan Stratsimir received Vidin. In 1365, the Hungarian King Louis I of Anjou captured Vidin. Sratsimir and his family were held captive in Croatia for four years but in 1369 Sratsimir was restored to his throne under Hungarian overlordship. After the Ottoman invasion in 1388, he was forced to acknowledge Ottoman overlordship and garrisons. In 1396 Sratsimir and his subjects aligned themselves with the anti-Ottoman Crusade led by the Hungarian king Sigismund of Luxemburg. The crusade ended in disaster at the battle of Nikopol on 25 Sep 1396. By the end of 1397 Sultan Bayezid I approached Vidin and, assured by the promise of his safety, Ivan Stratsimir came out to meet him. On the order of Bayezid I, Ivan Stratsimir was arrested and conveyed to Bursa, while the Sultan confiscated the contents of the Vidin treasury. Sratsimir's fate is unknown. Vidin was likely annexed by the Ottoman Empire in 1397, but at least part of the realm remained under the control of Sratsimir's son and heir Constantine II.
This type is described as a half grosch in older references.
ME55989. Silver grosch, reduced weight; A. Radushev, G. Jecov. Catalog of the Bulgarian Medieval Coins. p. 178, 1.14.4; Moushmov 7542, VF, weight 0.494 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 0o, Vidin mint, 1371 - 1376 A.D.; obversenimbate half length figure of Christ, right hand raised in benediction, book of gospels in left, IC - XC flanking head, legend around; reverse Stracimir enthroned facing, nimbate, scepter in right, mappa in left, lis left and right, rosette between legs, legend around; rare; $40.00 (€30.00)
Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos, 305 - 281 B.C.
Lysimachus, one of Alexander the Great's personal bodyguards, was appointed strategos (general) in Thrace and the Chersonesos after Alexander's death. He became one of the diadochi (successors of Alexander) who were initially generals and governors, but who continuously allied and warred with each other and eventually divided the empire. In 309, he founded his capital Lysimachia in a commanding situation on the neck connecting the Chersonesos with the mainland. In 306, he followed the example of Antigonus in taking the title of king, ruling Thrace, Asia Minor and Macedonia. In 281, he was killed in battle against Seleucus, another successor of Alexander.
GB56622. Bronze AE 14, Müller 14, SNG Cop 1168, SGCV II 6822, VF, weight 2.217 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 180o, Kallatis(?) mint, c. 297 - 281 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right clad in lion's scalp headdress; reverse BAΣI/ΛYΣI within a wreath of grain; $40.00 (€30.00)
Licinius Junior, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 18 September 324 A.D.
In 319, Constantine prohibited the separation of the families of slaves during a change in ownership.
RL56544. Bronze AE 3, RIC VII Rome 154, F, weight 2.597 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Rome mint, 318 - 319 A.D.; obverse LICINIVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverseROMAE AETERNAE, Roma seated left, shield inscribed X/V on lap, P - R across fields, RP in ex; rarereversetype; rare (RIC R3); $40.00 (€30.00)
Byzantine Empire, Justin II, 15 November 565 - 5 October 578 A.D.
On 22 August 565, St. Columba first reported seeing a monster in Loch Ness, Scotland.
BZ57513. Bronze pentanummium, DOC I 60b, Morrisson BnF 55, Tolstoi 475 (Justinian), Ratto 743 (Justinian), Wroth BMC 417 (Justinian), Hahn MIB 45, SBCV 363, aVF, weight 1.224 g, maximum diameter 15.2 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 15 Nov 565 - 5 Oct 578; obversemonogram; reverse large E (5 nummi), B (2nd officina) on right; scarce; $40.00 (€30.00)
Byzantine Empire, Theophilus, 12 May 821 - 20 January 842 A.D.
Anastasi identifes the denomination as a half follis; all other references identify it as a follis. He believes the M on the reverse no longer indicated the value, but was imitative of earlier folles. Anastasi distinguishes between the follis and half follis by diameter and the height of the M. The follis (Anastasi 548) is c. 18-22mm diameter and the M on the follis is 11-12mm high. The half follis (Anastasi 549) has a diameter c. 14-16mm and the M on the half follis is 7-10mm high.
BZ58551. Bronze half follis, Anastasi 549; SBCV 1681; DOC III, part 1, 30 (follis); Spahr 432 (follis); Calciati MBBS 91A (follis); Trivero 122 (follis), VF, off-center, weight 1.545 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 170o, Syracuse mint, 830 - 831; obverse ΘEOFILOS bASI, facing bust wearing crown and chlamys, globus cruciger in right; reverse large M, cross above, X/X/X - N/N/N (Christos Nikos?), Θ below; $40.00 (€30.00)
Side, Pamphylia, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
Side was founded by Greeks from Cyme, Aeolis, most likely in the 7th century B.C. The settlers started using the local language and over time forgot their native Greek. Excavations have revealed inscriptions written in this language, still undeciphered, dating from as late as the 2nd century B.C. The name Side is from this indigenous Anatolian language and means pomegranate.
GB59669. Bronze AE 17, SNG BnF 759 ff.; BMC Lycia p. 172, 51; SNG Cop 381 ff., VF, weight 3.543 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 270o, Side mint, 2nd - 1st Cent B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena right; reverse pomegranate; $40.00 (€30.00)