Ptolemaic Kyrenaica, Ptolemy III - Ptolemy II (Physcon), 246 - 116 B.C.
Alexander the Great received tribute from the cities of Kyrenaica after he took . Kyrenaica was annexed by Ptolemy I . It briefly gained independence under Magas of Cyrene, stepson of Ptolemy I, but was reabsorbed into the Ptolemaic empire after his death. It was separated from the main kingdom by Ptolemy and given to his son Ptolemy Apion, who, dying without heirs in 96 B.C., bequeathed it to the Roman Republic.GP65950. Bronze AE 12, 874 (Ptolemy II, 1 specimen), cf. 445 (Ptolemy III), 105 (Ptolemy V), 130 (Ptolemy III), 484 (uncertain date), VF, 0.881 g, maximum 12.0 mm, 0o, Kyrene mint, 246 - 116 B.C.; diademed of Ptolemy I right, wearing ; of right, wearing , below chin; $80.00 (€71.20)
, 25 September 275 - June 276 A.D.
Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshiped not only at but also at Athens. Her could not be stained with blood. began the construction of a magnificent temple to her , which finished, in the Via Sacra. The attributes of Peace are the , the olive branch, the , and often the . Sometimes she is represented setting fire to a pile of arms.RA47000. , 3257, 44, 30, 1406, 1139 - 1143, VF, , much , 3.904 g, maximum 22.9 mm, 180o, ( , France) mint, issue 1, Nov - Dec 275 A.D.; IMP C M CL TACITVS , , draped, and right; , Pax standing left, olive branch in right hand, transverse in left hand, no mark; ; $45.00 (€40.05)
, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
In 280, defeated the usurpers, at ( ), Bonosus at Agrippinensis ( ), and Julius Saturninus at , .RA46840. , , 2, 913, gVF, near full , 3.465 g, maximum 22.9 mm, 180o, 5th , Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 280 A.D.; IMP C PROBVS , , helmeted and left, spear in right over shoulder, on left arm; (the valor of Emperor ), emperor riding left, raising hand, captive at foot before horse, V below, XXI M(oneta) C(yzicus) in ; $45.00 (€40.05)
Thracian Tribes, c. 146 - 30 B.C., Imitative of Maroneia,
This is the only example of this with a blundered known to . We believe it much more likely a Thracian tribal imitative than a Maroneia mint error.BB54594. Bronze AE 18, cf. Maroneia 1566, p. 130, 80; 645; 805 (blundered ), VF, crude, 6.585 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 0o, Thracian tribal mint, c. 146 - 30 B.C.; wreathed of young Dionysos right; Dionysos standing left, grapes in right, in left, blundered downward on right (normally MAPΩNITΩN, appears as NEOΣ?); $45.00 (€40.05)
Kolophon, , c. 360 - 294 B.C.
After the death of Alexander the Great, Perdiccas expelled the Athenian settlers on Samos to Kolophon. controlled Kolophon until general Prepelaus sized the for in 302 B.C. destroyed Kolophon (and Lebedos) and forced the survivors to emigrate to . After his death in 281, Kolophon was reestablished, but it never fully recovered.GB59682. Bronze , 112, p. 70, 5, p. 38, 23 ff. var. (various magistrates), 149 ff. var. (same), aVF, 2.045 g, maximum 15.7 mm, 0o, Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, 360 - 294 B.C.; laureate of right; forepart of horse right, ΘPAΣYKΛHΣ (magistrate) left, KO below; $45.00 (€40.05)
, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Hadrianopolis,
The Romans, whose fondness for new gods increased with the influence of their foreign conquests, introduced the worship of within the walls of their city; not, however, without some opposition and resistance from the Senate. Through the influence of P. an was erected to in the Flaminii, and it quickly assumed the form of a temple which, after its Alexandrine prototype, was called the Serapeon. The principal Italian cities, never far behind , soon imitated her example, and it was not long before the worship of was extended from Italy by the different colonies sent from that country into .RP59690. Bronze AE 26, 3842 - 3843 var. ( ), p. 120, 27 var. (same), -, aVF, 9.782 g, maximum 26.4 mm, 0o, Hadrianopolis (Edirne, Turkey) mint, AVT K M ANT ΓOP∆IANOC AVΓ, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; A∆PIANOΠOΛEITΩN, standing half left, raising right hand, long transverse in left hand; variety; $45.00 (€40.05)
, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.
In 292, the Roman general was proclaimed emperor in . For two years he ruled over , but in 294 his rebellion was crushed by Emperor .RS60443. , 435; , 2, 34; cf. 35 (1st ); 12658 var. ( ), EF, near full , , 2.795 g, maximum 22.4 mm, 0o, ( , France) mint, 292 A.D.; IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, , draped, and right; IOVI , seated left, on globe in right hand, long behind in left, uncertain letter in ; $45.00 (€40.05)
Pannonian , Syrmia Region, Kugelwange (Ball Cheek) , c. 2nd Century B.C.
Syrmia is a fertile region of the Pannonian Plain in Europe, between the Danube and Sava rivers. Today, it is divided between Serbia in the east and Croatia in the .CE68492. Bronze , cf. 471; 193/14; I S133; 199, pl. XXXII, 279; derived from the tetradrachms of , aVF, 8.947 g, maximum 24.5 mm, 180o, Syrmia mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; devolved laureate of Zeus right, hair in arcs on both sides of central point, broad laurel , ball cheek; devolved horse trotting left; $45.00 (€40.05)
Gallic Empire, , Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.
is Latin for "east." Literally, it means "rising" from orior, "rise." The use of the word for "rising" to refer to the east (where the sun rises) has analogs from many languages: compare the terms "Levant" (French levant "rising"), "Anatolia" (Greek anatole), "mizrahi" in Hebrew (from "zriha" meaning ), "sharq" in Arabic, and others. The Chinese pictograph for east is based on the sun rising behind a tree and "The Land of the Rising Sun" to refers to Japan. Also, many ancient temples, including the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem, were built with their main entrances facing the East. To situate them in such a manner was to "orient" them in the proper direction. When something is facing the correct direction, it is said to have the proper "orientation."RS64641. , 316, 213d, 568, 2454, 49, 10964, 96 var. (no P), gVF, nice portrait, coppery surfaces with some , edge cracks, 2.603 g, maximum 20.0 mm, 180o, 1st , ( , France) mint, 267 - 268 A.D.; IMP C POSTVMVS , , draped, and right, from front; (the rising sun of the Emperor), Sol advancing left, , nude but for over shoulders and left arm, raising right hand commanding , whip in left hand, P left; $45.00 (€40.05)
Gallic Empire, , Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.
Neptune was the god of freshwater and the sea in Roman religion. He is the counterpart of the Greek god Poseidon. In the Greek-influenced tradition, Neptune was the brother of and Pluto; the brothers presided over the realms of Heaven, the earthly world, and the Underworld. was his consort. Neptune was likely associated with fresh water springs before the sea. Like Poseidon, Neptune was worshiped by the Romans also as a god of horses, under the name Neptunus Equester, a of horse-racing.RS64643. Silver , 76, 205a, 51-55, 46, , 314, 2398, 24, 10963, aVF, nice portrait, centered, of corrosion, die wear, small edge cracks, 3.998 g, maximum 21.8 mm, 30o, Agrippinensis ( , Germany) mint, 262 A.D.; IMP C POSTVMVS , , draped, and right; , Neptune standing left, nude but for over shoulders and falling behind, in right hand, trident vertical behind in left hand, prow left at feet on left; $45.00 (€40.05)
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