Ptolemaic Kyrenaica, Ptolemy III - Ptolemy II (Physcon), 246 - 116 B.C.
Alexander the Great received tribute from the cities of Kyrenaica after he took . Kyrenaica was annexed by Ptolemy I . It briefly gained independence under Magas of Cyrene, stepson of Ptolemy I, but was reabsorbed into the Ptolemaic empire after his death. It was separated from the main kingdom by Ptolemy and given to his son Ptolemy Apion, who, dying without heirs in 96 B.C., bequeathed it to the Roman Republic.GP65950. Bronze AE 12, 874 (Ptolemy II, 1 specimen), cf. 445 (Ptolemy III), 105 (Ptolemy V), 130 (Ptolemy III), 484 (uncertain date), VF, 0.881 g, maximum 12.0 mm, 0o, Kyrene mint, 246 - 116 B.C.; diademed of Ptolemy I right, wearing ; of right, wearing , below chin; $95.00 (€84.55)
Tauromenion, , c. 210 - 201 B.C.
In 212 B.C., the Roman General Marcellus conquered the fortified city of . Archimedes, the famous inventor was killed during the attack. This coin was struck after submitted peacefully to Marcellus. In 208, Marcellus died in an ambush by a Carthaginian force of Numidian horsemen.GB56534. Bronze AE 22, III, p. 223, 29 ff., F, 5.242 g, maximum 22.4 mm, 180o, Tauromenion (Taormina, ) mint, c. 210 - 201 B.C.; helmeted of left, small owl behind, dot ; TAYPOMENTIAN, left, hind legs on short line, linear ; ; $49.00 (€43.61)
, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.
In 292, the Roman general was proclaimed emperor in . For two years he ruled over , but in 294 his rebellion was crushed by Emperor .RS60443. , 435; , 2, 34; cf. 35 (1st ); 12658 var. ( ), EF, near full , uneven strike, 2.795 g, maximum 22.4 mm, 0o, ( , France) mint, 292 A.D.; IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, , draped and right; IOVI , seated left, on globe in right hand, long behind in left, uncertain letter in ; $49.00 (€43.61)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, III and Ptolemy IX II (Lathyros), c. 116 - 110 B.C.
After Ptolemy died in 116 B.C., III ruled with her mother II and son Ptolemy IX. In 110 B.C., she replaced Ptolemy IX as co-regent with her second son Ptolemy X. Ptolemy IX regained the throne in 109 but was again replaced in 107 B.C. In 101 B.C., Ptolemy X had his mother III murdered, and then ruled alone or with his niece and wife, Berenice III.GP66505. Bronze AE 12, 1720 (Ptolemy X), 171, 541, -, -, VF, 1.376 g, maximum 12.1 mm, 45o, Kyrene mint, 116 - 110 B.C.; of Zeus-Ammon right; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (beginning at 5:00), headdress of , E-W/Θ−Σ across fields; $49.00 (€43.61)
Sigeion, , c. 330 - 300 B.C.
Sigeion was an ancient Greek city in the north-west of the Troad region of Anatolia located at the mouth of the Scamander (the modern Karamenderes River). The name 'Sigeion' means "silent place." In Classical Antiquity, the name was assumed to be antiphrastic, i.e. indicating a characteristic of the place contrary to reality, since the seas in this region are known for their fierce storms.GB90875. Bronze AE 9, 21, 316; 499; 1572; 4146, F, off center, 0.802 g, maximum 9.6 mm, 225o, Sigeion mint, c. 330 - 300 B.C.; helmeted of right; Σ−I/Γ−H, thin crescent with horns left; ex Ancient Imports, old hand written envelope notes, "coin dealer in Cannakkale Turkey July 1966" and a 10¢; $49.00 (€43.61)
, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Petra, Provincia
The ceremonial founding of a new Roman colony included plowing a furrow, the pomerium, a sacred boundary, around the site of the new city.RP90152. Bronze AE 19, 1373 ff., 150, 56, 35, -, aF, 6.509 g, maximum 19.0 mm, 180o, Petra mint, IMP C M AVP ANTONINOC, laureate and draped right, from behind; PETΛA , founder ploughing right with pair of oxen, togate, right hand raised; $49.00 (€43.61)
, , 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.
On 3 July 324, at Adrianople, Constantine defeated Licinius forcing him to retreat to . destroyed Licinius' fleet at the Battle of Hellespont in the Dardanelles, allowing his father to over the and besiege Licinius. On 18 September, decisively defeated Licinius at the Battle of Chrysopolis and became sole emperor.RL74568. , 279, 27, 16726, F, , 2.403 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 165o, 1st , Londinium ( , England) mint, 323 - 324 A.D.; CRISPVS , laureate and left, spear pointed forward in right, on left arm; BEAT TRA-NQLITAS, globe on inscribed VOT/IS / XX in three lines, three stars above, in ; ; $49.00 (€43.61)
Istros, , 400 - 350 B.C.
The has been variously interpreted as representing the , the rising and setting sun, and the two branches of the river Danube. - and Their Values by David SearGS76744. Silver 1/4 , Black Sea 250; p. 26, 14; cf. 143 (control off , ), F, struck with worn dies, 0.850 g, maximum 11.2 mm, Istros (near Istria, Romania) mint, 400 - 350 B.C.; facing male heads, right inverted; IΣTPIH, sea-eagle grasping a with talons, ΠA below; $48.67 (€43.32)
, Constantine VII, 11 May 912 - 6 June 913 A.D.
In 945 was deposed by his sons who wanted the throne. Instead Constantine VII took control. Finally, when he was 40 years old, he finally had sole rule and real power. Later that year he made , his son and grandson of , his co-emperor.BZ76634. Bronze , , 2, 26; 37/Cp/AE/55; 45; 1900; 1761; 36.17, aVF, 7.594 g, maximum 25.7 mm, 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, sole reign, 27 Jan - 6 Apr 945; + COnST bASIL ROM', Constantine VII facing, bearded, wearing modified and crown with , in right, in left; + COnSt/EnΘEO bA/SILEVS R/OmEOn (Constantine of the Romans); from the James Fitzgerald Collection, ex Beast Coins; $47.00 (€41.83)
The First Jewish Revolt, 66 - 70 A.D.
By 68, Jewish resistance in the had been crushed. made Maritima his headquarters and methodically proceeded to clear the coast.JD76926. Bronze , 1360, , 2.499 g, maximum 17.1 mm, Jerusalem mint, year 2, 67 - 68 A.D.; with broad rim and two handles, year 2 (in Hebrew) around; vine leaf on small branch, the freedom of Zion (in Hebrew) around; ex (2004); $46.00 (€40.94)
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