Jerusalem or Tyre, 42 - 43 A.D., Jerusalem Temple Tax Coin
The Temple Tax Coin.
Shekels of Tyre were the only currency accepted at the Jerusalem Temple. When Tyre's coins were debased under , shekels marked KP were likely struck at Jerusalem to maintain silver coinage for the annual temple tax. "..go to the sea and cast a hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou has opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them [the temple tax collectors] for me and thee." Since the tax was one half per man the coin would have to be a to pay the tax for both Jesus and . Matthew 17:24-27.SH79730. Silver
, cf. CNG auction mail-bid sale 61 (25 Sep 2002), lot 860 (same controls, otherwise unpublished, this date is recorded for a half-shekel, 4700), VF, nice , , , die wear (most evident in the H in the date), 13.949 g, maximum 26.6 mm, 0o, Jerusalem or Tyre mint, 42 - 43 A.D.; laureate of right, lion's skin knotted around neck; TYPOY Σ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), left, right foot on ship's ram, frond behind, Phoenician letter beth (control) between legs, PΞH (year 168) and club left, KP over PKE (control) right; missing from references and major collections - the CNG coin is the only other year 168 known to ; SOLD
The Temple Tax Coin, Tyre KP Half , Jerusalem or Tyre Mint, 33 - 34 A.D.
POSSIBLE CRUCIFIXION YEAR COIN.
The Bible does not tell the date of the Crucifixion, but based on Biblical clues, the Jewish calendar and astronomical evidence many scholars believe it was Friday, April 3, 33 A.D.
John the Baptist began his ministry in 28 or 29 A.D. and the Gospel of John points to three separate Passovers during Jesus' ministry. Jesus was executed on the orders of , the Roman prefect of from 26 to 36 A.D. This limits the years to between 30 and 36 A.D.
John P. Meier's A Marginal Jew cites 7 April 30 A.D., 3 April 33 A.D., and 30 March 36 A.D. as astronomically possible Friday Nisan 14 dates during this period. Isaac Newton, using the crescent of the moon, determined the year was 34 A.D. but John Pratt argued that Newton made a minor computation error and 33 A.D. was the accurate answer using Newton's method. Using similar computations, in 1990 astronomer Bradley Schaefer arrived at Friday, April 3, 33 A.D. A third method, using a completely different astronomical approach (consistent with Apostle Peter's reference to a "moon of blood" in Acts 2:20) based on a lunar Crucifixion darkness and eclipse model arrives at the same date, Friday, April 3, 33 A.D.
JD40425. Silver half
, 4693, 1463, -; only one coin from this year in the hoard, aF, 6.249 g, maximum 20.4 mm, 0o, Tyre or Jerusalem mint, 33 - 34 A.D.; laureate of right, lion's skin knotted around neck; TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), standing left, right foot on ship's ram, frond behind, PNΘ (year 159) over club left, KP over BA? right, Aramaic aleph between legs; very year; SOLD
The Temple Tax Coin, Tyre KP Half , Jerusalem or Tyre Mint, 64 - 65 A.D.
One of the last issues of the and apparently unpublished!SH26439. Silver half
, -, -, -, cf. supplement 4680 (full ), VF, 6.474 g, maximum 19.8 mm, 0o, Tyre or Jerusalem mint, 64 - 65 A.D.; laureate of right, lion's skin knotted around neck; TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), standing left, right foot on ship's ram, frond behind, date (year 190) and club left, KP and HP right, Aramaic beth between legs; extremely ; SOLD
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