(?), Imitative of Zangids of , c. 1146 - 1200 A.D.,
This coin is a crude imitative of an Islamic fals of the Zangids of , Nur al-Din Mahmud, struck at Halab (Aleppo, ), 1146 - 1173 ( 73, 1850). That was itself also imitative, copying a of Constantine X, struck at Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey), 1059 - 1067 ( 8, 1853). The quality of the Zangids fals vary greatly and it can be difficult to distinguish between Halab mint issues and imitatives. This example is very crude and if any can be attributed to the , this is one.
BZ77974. Bronze , -; cf. 73 (notes "barbaric" imitations), 1850 (notes imitations are perhaps struck by the ), F, desert , , 2.798 g, maximum 22.0 mm, 180o, uncertain mint, c. 1150 - 1200 A.D.; two imperial figures (Constantine X and ) standing facing, supporting between them resting on three steps, EX downward on left, imitation of inner left; Christ standing facing, , book of Gospels in left hand, right hand on hip, flanking , blundered imitation of around; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; $160.00 (€142.40)
In 1064, the Seljuk Turks stormed Anatolia, taking and Ani, marking the beginning of Turkish incursions into Anatolia.BZ77970. Bronze , , 2, 9; 1854; 52.7; 32; 31; 2018; on 1853, aVF, areas of corrosion, 9.291 g, maximum 29.5 mm, 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 25 Dec 1059 - 21 May 1067; + EMMANOVHΛ, of Christ facing, wearing , , and , raising right in , Gospels in left, IC-XC; +KWN RACIΛ-EVC O ∆OVK, Constantine X facing, bearded, wearing crown and , holding and ; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; $55.00 (€48.95)
Constantine X seems to have been a weak, ineffective leader. His wife, , had great power within the empire, and was thought by some to be "the power behind the throne." Upon the death of Constantine X, his eldest son, Michael VII was a child, so took over as regent.SH53307. Gold
, 2, 51/Cp/AV/10, 4, 2011, 52.2, 1848, gVF, 4.429 g, maximum 25.6 mm, 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 25 Dec 1059 - 21 May 1067; + REX REGNANTIhm, Christ seated facing on lyre-backed throne, wears , and , raising hand in ; + KWN RAC Λ O ∆OVKAC, the (on right) standing facing, M - Θ flanking her , crowing Constantine, who stands facing, in his left hand; Constantine standing facing, holding and being crowned by the Theotokos standing facing to right; SOLD
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