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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |Heraclean Dynasty| ▸ |Constans II||View Options:  |  |  |   

Constans II, September 641 - 15 July 668 A.D.

Joint rule with Heraclonas (his uncle), September - October 641 A.D.
Joint rule with Constantine IV (his son), 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.
Joint rule with Constantine IV, Heraclius and Tiberius (his sons), 2 June 659 - 15 July 668 A.D.

The son of Heraclius Constantine, Constans II was made co-emperor by his uncle, Heraclonas. Shortly after Constans elevation, the unpopular Heraclonas was deposed, mutilated and banished. During the reign of Constans II, Egypt was lost and would never again be part of the empire. Towards the end of his reign, he moved his capital to Syracuse, Sicily. Due to this unpopular move and his tyrannical behavior, he was assassinated in 668 and the capital was returned to Constantinople. He was succeeded by his sons, with Constantine IV assuming the role as senior emperor.
Map of Europe 650 AD


Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.

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SH26632. Gold solidus, DOC II part 2, 30b; SBCV 964; Hahn MIB 31, EFvery sharp, minor edge bump,, weight 4.486 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 661 - 663 A.D.; obverse [legend fragmentary], facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV, Constans wears plumed helmet, Constantine a helmet with cross, small cross between heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGU H (victory of the Emperor, 8th officina), cross potent on three steps between Heraclius (left) and Tiberius, each wears crown and chlamys and holds globus cruciger, CoNoB in exergue; ex Gorny & Mosch; scarce; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.

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Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.
SH19040. Gold solidus, SBCV 963; Hahn MIB 30; DOC II part 2, 29 (officina not listed), EF, some double-striking on obverse, surface flaw in reverse field to left of cross, weight 4.466 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 225o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 659 - 661 A.D.; obverse d N CONSTANΓINo (sic), facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV, Constans wears plumed helmet, Constantine a helmet with cross, small cross between heads; reverse VICTORI-A A-VGU ∆ + CoNoB, cross on globus between facing figures of Heraclius (left) and Tiberius, each wears crown and chlamys and holds globus cruciger; from the Woolslayer Collection; scarce; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.

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In 663, Constans II visited Rome for twelve days - the only emperor to set foot in Rome for two centuries! He was received with great honor by pope Vitalian. Constans II gave the order to strip buildings, including the Pantheon, of their ornaments to be carried back to Constantinople.
SH76120. Gold solidus, DOC II part 2, 30; Hahn MIB 31; Sommer 12.23; SBCV 964, EF, well centered on a crowded flan, better than average strike but with small weak areas, weight 4.355 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 661 - 663 A.D.; obverse d N COn...-ANI (blundered fragmentary legend), facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV, Constans wears plumed helmet, Constantine a helmet with cross, small cross between heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGY (victory of the Emperor) [officina number mostly off flan], cross potent on three steps between Heraclius (left) and Tiberius standing facing, each wears crown and chlamys and holds globus cruciger in right, CONOB in exergue; scarce; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.

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In 662, Constans II invaded south Italy.
SH56781. Gold solidus, Hahn MIB 38; Tolstoi 303; DOC II part 2, 33e (not held in the collection, refs Tolstoi); SBCV 967, aEF, graffiti, clipped, weight 4.326 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 661 - 663 A.D.; obverse [legend fragmentary], facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV, Constans wears plumed helmet, Constantine a helmet with cross, small cross between heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGU Z S (Z reversed, S vertical and reversed), cross potent on three steps between Heraclius (left) and Tiberius standing facing, each wears crown and chlamys and holds globus cruciger in right, CONOB in exergue; scarce; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constans II, September 641 - 15 July 668 A.D.

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SH81741. Gold solidus, DOC II part 2, 21; Hahn MIB 24; SBCV 958, aEF, graffiti, weight 4.470 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 225o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 651 - 654 A.D.; obverse d N CONSTANTINUS PP AV, crowned bust facing, long beard and mustache, wears chlamys, globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGY E (victory of the Emperor, 5th officina), cross potent on three steps, CONOB+ in exergue; obverse slighly off-center, graffiti on the reverse in the right field and below the mint mark; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.

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In 663, Constans II launched an assault against the Duchy of Benevento (Southern Italy). Taking advantage of the fact that Lombard king Grimoald I was engaged against Frankish forces from Neustria, Constans disembarked at Taranto and besieged Luceria and Benevento.
SH76121. Gold solidus, Morrisson BnF 13/Cp/AV/64; Wroth BMC 61; Tolstoi 298; DOC II part 2, 36a (not in the coll., refs. W. & T.); Hahn MIB 34; SBCV 969; Ratto -; Sommer -, EF, well centered on a tight flan, weight 4.498 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 661 - 663 A.D.; obverse D N COI-N (blundered fragmentary legend), facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV, Constans wears plumed helmet, Constantine a helmet with cross, small cross between heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGY E (victory of the Emperor, 5th officina), cross potent on three steps between Heraclius (left) and Tiberius standing facing, each wears crown and chlamys and holds globus cruciger in right, CONOBΘ in exergue; scarce; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.

SH18999. Gold solidus, DOC II part 2, 30g; SBCV 964, EF, weight 4.493 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 225o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 661 - 663 A.D.; obverse [legend fragmentary], facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV, Constans wears plumed helmet, Constantine a helmet with cross, small cross between heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGU H (victory of the Emperor, 8th officina), cross potent on three steps between Heraclius (left) and Tiberius, each wears crown and chlamys and holds globus cruciger, CONOB in exergue; from the Woolslayer Collection; scarce; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
In 663, Constans II launched an assault against the Duchy of Benevento (Southern Italy). Taking advantage of the fact that Lombard king Grimoald I was engaged against Frankish forces from Neustria, Constans disembarked at Taranto and besieged Luceria and Benevento.
SH76122. Gold solidus, Morrisson BnF 13/Cp/AV/64; Wroth BMC 61; Tolstoi 298; DOC II part 2, 36a (not in the coll., refs. W. & T.); Hahn MIB 34; SBCV 969; Ratto -; Sommer -, EF, some die wear, tight flan, weight 4.490 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 661 - 663 A.D.; obverse D N COT-NV- (blundered fragmentary legend), facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV, Constans wears plumed helmet, Constantine a helmet with cross, small cross between heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGY E (victory of the Emperor, 5th officina), cross potent on three steps between Heraclius (left) and Tiberius standing facing, each wears crown and chlamys and holds globus cruciger in right, CONOBΘ in exergue; scarce; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
In 662, Constans II invaded south Italy.
SH56786. Gold solidus, DOC II part 2, 30i; Hahn MIB 31; Tolstoi 312; SBCV 964; Wroth BMC -; Ratto -, gVF, weight 4.410 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 180o, 10th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 661 - 663 A.D.; obverse D N COI-N (blundered fragmentary legend), facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV, Constans wears plumed helmet, Constantine a helmet with cross, small cross between heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGY I (victory of the Emperor, 10th officina), cross potent on three steps between Heraclius (left) and Tiberius standing facing, each wears crown and chlamys and holds globus cruciger in right, CONOB in exergue; scarce; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Grierson notes, in the Dumbarton Oaks catalog, "the inscriptions [on this type] are very variable, since it was difficult to get so much on the coin."
SH56800. Gold solidus, Wroth BMC 40 - 41; DOC II part 2, 25b (not in the collection, refs BMC); Hahn MIB 26; Tolstoi 236; SBCV 959, gVF, graffiti on reverse, weight 4.439 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 654 - 659 A.D.; obverse d N CONSTANTINUS C CONSTTINU, facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV (beardless) each wearing crown and chlamys, cross between their heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGY B (the victory of the Emperor, 2nd officina), cross potent on three steps, CONOB in exergue; well centered with a long legend variation; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

Adelson, H. Light Weight Solidi and Byzantine Trade during the Sixth and Seventh Centuries. ANSNNM 138. (New York, 1957).
Anastasi, M. Monete Bizantine di Sicilia. (NP, 2009).
Berk, H. Eastern Roman Successors of the Sestertius. (Chicago, 1987).
Berk, H. Roman Gold Coins of the Medieval World, 383 - 1453 A.D. (Joliet, IL, 1986).
Grierson, P. Byzantine Coins. (London, 1982).
Grierson, P. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection: Vol. 2, Part 2: Heraclius Constantine to Theodosius III. (Washington, D.C., 1968).
Hahn, W. Moneta Imperii Byzantini, Volume 3: Heraclius - Leo III (610 - 720). (Vienna, 1981).
Hahn, W. & M. Metlich. Money of the Insipient Byzantine Empire. (Vienna, 2000).
Hennequin, G. Catalogue des monnaies musulmanes de la Bibliotheque Nationale I, 491 - 711. (Paris, 1985).
Metlich, M. The Coinage of Ostrogothic Italy. (London, 2004).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothèque Nationale. (Paris, 1970).
Ranieri, E. La monetazione di Ravenna antica dal V all' VIII secolo: impero romano e bizantino, regno ostrogoto e langobardo. (Bologna, 2006).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines à l'époque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Sabatier, J. Description générale des monnaies Byzantines. (Paris, 1863).
Sear, D. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths, Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea, and Trebizond in the British Museum. (London, 1911).

Catalog current as of Thursday, October 17, 2019.
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Byzantine Coins of Constans II