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Zeno, 18 January - 17 November 474 and August 476 - 11 April 491 A.D.
Zeno was an Isaurian chieftain who moved to Rome and married Emperor Leo I's daughter, Ariadne. Their son, Leo II, succeeded Leo I as emperor, and shortly after declared his father Augustus. An exceedingly unpopular emperor, Zeno spent his 17-year reign defending the empire not only against the barbarians but also against many rebellions. He died in 491 A.D after suffering an epileptic fit.
Roman Republic, Anonymous, 86 B.C.
This type is from a late, massive, and intriguing anonymous issue undoubtedly struck by the moneyer triumvirate of Gargonius, Ogulnius and Vergilius. Their signed coins (SRCV I 263 - 265) have identical types and are scarce or rare.RR88446. Silver denarius, Crawford 350a/2, Sydenham 723, RSC I 226, BMCRR I Rome 2622, RBW Collection 1333, SRCV I 266, gVF, well centered, reverse die wear, weight 4.046 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 270o, Rome mint, 86 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, thunderbolt below; reverseJupiter in quadriga right, nude to waist, himation around hips and legs, brandishing thunderbolt in right hand, reins in left hand; ex Artemide Aste (San Marino); $180.00 (€153.00)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy III Euergetes, 246 - 222 B.C.
Due to a falling out at the Seleucid court, Ptolemy's eldest sister Berenice Phernophorus was murdered along with her infant son. In response Ptolemy III invaded the Seleucid Empire, today known as Iraq, Syria, among other nations at the time. During this war, the Third Syrian War, he occupied Antioch and even reached Babylon. In exchange for a peace in 241 B.C., Ptolemy was awarded new territories on the northern coast of Syria, including Seleucia Pieria, the port of Antioch. From this capture he received fifteen hundred talents of silver, roughly a tenth of his annual income. During his involvement in the Third Syrian War, he managed to regain many Egyptian works of art that had been stolen when the Persians conquered Egypt. While he was away fighting, he left his wife Berenice II in charge of the country, but swiftly returned when trouble erupted there. New insights of Ptolemy III's sudden return include papyri describing how the Nile river didn't flood for several years, resulting in famine, and a 20-year revolt against Greek rule in Thebes. One theory suggests the changes of the monsoon pattern were linked to a volcanic eruption which took place in 247 B.C.GP88286. Bronze obol, Lorber CPE B368, Svoronos 975; SNG Cop 230; Weiser 93; BMC Alexandria p. 47, 15 - 16 (Ptolemy III); Noeske 165, VF, excellent style, well centered, light marks, some striking weakness, beveled obverse edge, central cavities, weight 14.928 g, maximum diameter 27.1 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 246 - 222 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (King Ptolemy), eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings open, head left, filleted cornucopia left, E between legs; ex Ora Eads Collection; ex CNG Sale 41 (19 Mar 1997), lot 1035 (part of); $160.00 (€136.00)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy III Euergetes, 246 - 222 B.C.
Ptolemy's first wife, Arsinoë I, a daughter of Lysimachus, was the mother of his legitimate children. After her repudiation he married his full sister Arsinoë II, the widow of Lysimachus, which brought him her Aegean possessions.GP88283. Bronze hemiobol, Lorber CPE B441, Svoronos 842 (1 spec.), Malter 105, SNG Cop -, SNG Milan -, BMC Ptolemies -, Weiser -, Noeske -, Hosking -, F, dark patina, marks, scratches, beveled obverse edge, central cavities, weight 7.811 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 0o, Cyprus, Paphos mint, c. 246 - 222 B.C.; obversehead of Zeus right with horn of Ammon, wearing taenia; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (King Ptolemy), eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, head left, lotus flower before; ex Ora Eads Collection; ex CNG Sale 41 (19 Mar 1997), lot 1035 (part of); rare; $140.00 (€119.00)
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