The Roman, Byzantine, crusader and other coins below carry the symbols of Christ. In 312 A.D., Constantine dreamed he saw a Chi RhoChristogram in the sky and heard the words IN HOC SIGNO ERIS, meaning "In this sign you will be the victor." He ordered the sign of Christ on his legions' standards and shields. He won a great victory and later became the first Christian Roman Emperor. Click here to read Christian Themes in Byzantine Coinage by Zach Margulies.
Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.
In 659, Constans II signed a peace treaty with the Rashidun Caliphate. He used the pause to strengthen his defences and consolidate Byzantine control over Armenia. Constans established the themata; dividing territorial command in Anatolia.
SH70012. Gold solidus, DOC IIpart 2, 25d; Wroth BMC 43; Morrisson BnF 48; Tolstoi 241; Ratto 1587 corr.; Hahn MIB 26; Sommer 12.18; SBCV 959, EF, weight 4.367 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 225o, 4th officina, Constantinople mint, 654 - 659 A.D.; obverse d N CONSTANTINUS C CONST, facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV (beardless) each wearing crown and chlamys, cross between their heads; reverseVICTORIA AVGy ∆, cross potent on three steps, CONOB in exergue; $600.00 (€450.00)