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This page offers coins of the Celtic tribes, as well as coins of Iberian, German, Thracian, Paenonian, Illyrian, Dacian, Gaete, and other European tribes. These tribes struck coins from the late 4th century B.C. until the late 1st century B.C. They were introduced to coinage by the Greeks, with whom the traded, and for whom they sometimes worked as mercenaries. Tribal coins often copied Greek designs, especially Macedonian coins from the time of Philip II of Macedon and his son, Alexander the Great. Some became increasingly abstract over time.
Iberia, Hackgold and Hacksilver, c. 300 - 150 B.C.
CE96076. Mixed Lot, See Maria Paz Garcia-Bellido (2011), "Hackgold and Hacksilber in protomonetary Iberia", one piece of gold hackgold (2.28g) and two pieces of hacksilver (2.27 and 1.23g), all found in Spain, three pieces in lot; $550.00 (€506.00)
Eastern Celts, Imitative of Philip II of Macedonia, "Dachreiter" Type, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
Although the body and head of the horseman on the prototype drachm of Philip III of Macedonia have been replaced by an S-shaped line over three pellets, the horseman's leg can still be found on the side of the horse!SH89462. Silver tetradrachm, Göbl OTA tf. 15, 170/4; Lanz 448, aVF, light toning, reverse slightly off center, light marks, weight 11.953 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, tribal mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate and bearded head of Zeus right; reverse stylized horseman prancing left, rider's head and body reduced to an S-shaped line over three pellets, leg of horseman on side of the horse; $400.00 (€368.00)
Gallic Celts, Carnutes, Beauce Area, c. 41 - 30 B.C.
The helmeted bust on the obverse is derived from that of Minerva on the Roman Republic denarius of C. Vibius Varus, 42 B.C. (Crawford 494/38, Sydenham 1140).CE89589. Bronze piastre, CCBM III 119, De la Tour 7105, Delestrée-Tache 2473, Scheers S-M 324 ff., Blanchet 274, aVF, green patina with darker fields, some bumps and scratches, light corrosion, weight 2.923 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 270o, c. 41 - 30 B.C.; obverse PIXTILOS, helmeted head left, the neck adorned with a torque, branch left, ornaments above; reverse PIXTILOS, lion running left, tail curled above the back, two ringed pellets above, stylized bird right below; ex CGB Numismatique Paris; scarce; $200.00 (€184.00)
Gallic Celts, Uncertain (Lemovices?), c. 100 - 50 B.C.
The tribe and mint that issued this obol type are unknown, but the Lemovices struck quinarii with similar types, including a human head above the horse on the reverse. It is possible the Lemovices also issued this rare type.CE89067. Silver obol, Delestrée-Tache 3699; cf. CCBM II S404 ff., De la Tour 4561 (Lemovices, severed head series quinarii), F, well centered, toned, etched surfaces, weight 0.633 g, maximum diameter 10.8 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain mint, c. 100 - 50 B.C.; obverse female head right in classic style; reverse horse galloping right, small human head right above; ex CGB Numismatique Paris; rare; $175.00 (€161.00)
Iberian Celts, Silver Ingot, c. 300 - 150 B.C.
AS86897. Silver ingot, Alvarez-Burgos P.9, Kim and Kroll -, Van Alfen Hacksilber-, Garcia-Bellido -, dark toning, earthen encrustations, weight 15.636 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, obverse convex, flattened dome form; reverse flat plain; $160.00 (€147.20)
Iberia, Hacksilver, Solid Lunate Earring, c. 650 - 150 B.C.
The lunate earring type, characterized by a solid crescentric body in a tapered bent over hoop, is the most basic and popular form of earring found in Bronze and Iron Age contexts. The earliest know were found at Ur and date to the third millennium B.C. They are very often found in hacksilver hoards, indicating that they were a bullion medium of exchange. The referenced examples and others known to Forum are all from the East and are under 2 grams. This much larger and heavier example was found in Iberia. Perhaps it was produced locally or perhaps it was brought to the region by Phoenician trade.CE96102. Silver Ring Money, cf. Gitler Hacksilber 24 ff. (Samaria, late 4th c. B.C.); Golani-Sass Fig. 10, 1 - 2 (Tel Miqne-Ekron, Canaan, 7th c. B.C.) , weight 7.044 g, maximum diameter 31.0 mm, solid silver, crescentric body in a tapered bent over hoop; ex Moneta Numismatic Services; photos are of both sides, ONE earring; $160.00 (€147.20)
Iberian Celts, Hacksilver, c. 300 - 150 B.C.
CE95745. Hacksilver fragment, cf. Kim and Kroll 70; Van Alfen Hacksilber 50, cut on three sides from an ingot; 11.75g, 24.1mm long, weight 11.752 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, $150.00 (€138.00)
Pannonian Celts, Syrmia Region, Kugelwange (Ball Cheek) Type, c. 2nd Century B.C.
Syrmia is a fertile region of the Pannonian Plain in Europe, between the Danube and Sava rivers. Today, it is divided between Serbia in the east and Croatia in the west.CE89000. Billon drachm, cf. Göbl OTA 204, Pink 204, Lanz 503, CCCBM I S134; derived from the Macedonian Kingdom drachms of Philip II, Choice VF, centered, very broad flan for the type, toned, porosity, small edge split, weight 2.493 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 90o, Syrmia mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; obverse devolved laureate head of Zeus right, hair in arcs on both sides of central point, broad laurel wreath; reverse devolved horse trotting left, pellet in circle above; ex Klassische Munzen (Tübingen); $126.00 (€115.92)
Pannonian Celts, Eravisci, Middle Danube, Imitative of Roman Republic, c. 74 - 40 B.C.
The die wear indicates a large number of this type was struck. On some examples the reverse legend appears to match the Roman original, POSTVMI / TA (TA ligate). On this specimen and another handled by Forum, it is blundered and appears to read SIVSAV / A. The Roman Republic prototype, struck by the moneyer C. Postumius, commemorated prayers at the shrine of Diana before the Battle of Lake Regillus, when the moneyer's ancestor, A. Postumius Albus Regillensis, was a consul. The hound was the companion of Diana the Huntress. See Phil Davis' website, "Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii" - https://rrimitations.ancients.info/SH95314. Silver imitative denarius, cf. Freeman Eraviscan 24; Davis class B, group II, E15; Chitescu 173; for Roman Republic C. Postumius prototype see Crawford 394/1, VF, although it appears worn, this coin is nearly as struck with very worn crude dies, weight 3.469 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, tribal mint, c. 74 - 40 B.C.; obverse draped bust of Diana right, bow and quiver over shoulder; reverse hound bounding right, wearing collar, hunting spear below, remnants of legend POSTVMI TA (TA ligate) in exergue; rare; $125.00 (€115.00)
Celtic imitative of a rare Macedonian issue struck under Philip V or Perseus, 187 - 168 B.C. The choice was appropriate for the Serdi Celts as the river Strymon runs through the Serdi region. CE46740. Bronze AE 20, Malloy Danubian Celts type F6B; imitative of a Macedonian Kingdom (Philip V or Perseus) type, 187 - 168 B.C., SNG Cop 1299, VF, very crude, weight 7.541 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 225o, tribal mint, 187 - 168 B.C.; obverse reed-wreathed head of the river god Strymon right; reverse trident, dashes imitating monograms and inscription; ex Alex G. Malloy Serdi Celts Collection; $80.00 (€73.60)
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