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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |Justinian Dynasty| ▸ |Justinian I||View Options:  |  |  | 

Justinian I, 4 April 527 - 14 November 565 A.D.

Joint rule with Justin I (his uncle), 4 April - 1 August 527 A.D.
Justinian I served his uncle, Emperor Justin I, throughout his reign formulating most imperial policy. Recognizing his brilliance, he was rapidly promoted and in the final months of Justin's reign, he was made co-emperor. Justinian's sole rule began on 1 August 527 and lasted almost four decades during which he re-conquered much of the empire lost during the preceding century, including North Africa, Italy, and parts of Spain. He is well known for his codification of the legal system. His grand scale building program included St Sophia, which still stands as the centerpiece of modern Istanbul. Unfortunately, his ambitious efforts strained the empire's resources and depleted the treasure built by Anastasius. Most of the territory he gained was lost shortly after his death.
Byzantine Empire under Justinian 550 AD

|Justinian| |I|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Justinian| |I,| |4| |April| |527| |-| |14| |November| |565| |A.D.|, |pentanummium|NEW
The war with the Vandalic Kingdom of Carthage in 533 - 534 was the first of Justinian I's wars of reconquest of the lost Western Roman Empire. The Vandals had occupied Roman North Africa in the early 5th century and established an independent kingdom. The Byzantine expeditionary force landed on the African coast in early September 533. The Vandal king Gelimer met the Byzantine army at the Battle of Ad Decimum, near Carthage, on 13 September. His elaborate plan to encircle and destroy the Byzantines came close to success, but Belisarius forced a Vandal retreat and occupied Carthage. Gelimer withdrew, gathered his remaining strength, and in December advanced towards Carthage and met the Romans at the Battle of Tricamarum. Gelimer was defeated and fled to a remote mountain fortress, where he was blockaded until he surrendered in the spring. Belisarius returned to Constantinople with the Vandals' royal treasure and the captive Gelimer to enjoy a triumph. Africa was formally restored to imperial rule as the praetorian prefecture of Africa. The new province faced war with the Moors and military rebellions, and it was not until 548 that peace was restored and Roman government firmly established.The Vandalic War in 533-534
BZ93502. Bronze pentanummium, DOC I 270, Morrisson BnF I 4/An/AE/88, Wroth BMC 153, Tolstoi 467, Ratto 569, Hahn MIB I 161, SBCV 243, Sommer 4.111, Choice gVF, perfect centering, nice dark green patina with highlighting earthen deposits, light marks, edge cracks, weight 2.196 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 180o, Theoupolis (Antioch - Antakya, Turkey) mint, 556 - 561 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTIN-IANI P P A, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse large E (5 nummi) with cross at the center, smaller OY monogram right; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $150.00 SALE |PRICE| $135.00


|Justinian| |I|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Justinian| |I,| |4| |April| |527| |-| |14| |November| |565| |A.D.|, |follis|NEW
Under Justinian Nicomedia was extended with new public buildings. Situated on the roads leading to the capital, the city remained a major military center, playing an important role in the Byzantine campaigns against the Caliphate.
BZ93500. Bronze follis, DOC I 136b, Morrisson BnF I 4/Ni/AE/34, Wroth BMC 217, Tolstoi 198, Ratto 602, Hahn MIB I 113a, SBCV 201, Sommer 4.65, gVF, dark brown patina, light marks, porosity/light corrosion, edge cracks, slightly off center but on a broad flan, weight 16.565 g, maximum diameter 32.3 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 556 - 557 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINIANVS P P AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust of Justinian facing, holding globus cruciger (cross on orb) in right, shield with horseman device on left shoulder, cross in right field; reverse large M; A/N/N/O left; X/X/X right (regnal year 30), cross above, B (2nd officina) below, NIKO (Nicomedia) in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00


|Justinian| |I|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Justinian| |I,| |4| |April| |527| |-| |14| |November| |565| |A.D.|, |solidus|
They look similar, but there is a significant physical difference between angels and Victory. Angels are all male. Victory (Nike) is female. On Byzantine coinage, the male angel replaced the female Victory after the reunion with Rome was concluded on 28 March 519 A.D.
SH10977. Gold solidus, DOC I 7 (Constantinople), Hahn MIB 22, SBCV 138 (note), EF, mint luster, weight 3.999 g, maximum diameter 20.25 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, obverse D N IVSTINIANVS P P AVG, helmeted, diademed and cuirassed bust facing, globus in right, shield on left arm decorated with horseman; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG (victory of the three emperors) (no officina letter), angel standing facing in tunic and pallium, long cross in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, star right, CONOB in exergue; ex Tom Cederlind; very rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

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Metcalf, D. The Copper Coinage of Thessalonica under Justinian I. (Vienna, 1976).
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Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothque Nationale I, 491 - 711. (Paris, 1970).
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Sommer, A. Die Mnzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Mnzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Waage, D. Antioch-on-the-Orontes, Vol. 4, Part 2: Greek, Roman, Byzantine and Crusaders' Coins. (Princeton, 1952).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths, Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea, and Trebizond in the British Museum. (London, 1911).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).

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