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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Hellenistic Monarchies ▸ Cappadocian KingdomView Options:  |  |  | 

Cappadocian Kingdom

The Cappadocian Kingdom was established after the death of Alexander. The Ariarathes dynasty used political alliances to maintain rule, however, Cappadocia eventually became a battleground for the conflicts between the Kingdom of Pontus and the Roman Empire. When Mithridates placed his own candidate on the throne, the Roman Senate declared that the administration of Cappadocia should be placed in the hands of the people, and removed him. It seems, however, the Senate didn't actually mean the Cappadocian people. In 17 A.D., Rome established the Provincia Cappadocia, ruled by a Roman procurator.


Cappadocian Kingdom, Ariobarzanes I Philoromaios, c. 96 - 63 B.C.

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Ariobarzanes I was a Cappadocian nobleman of obscure Persian descent. After the Roman Senate rejected the claims of Ariarathes IX, he was made king through a vote of Cappadocian citizens and with the support of the Roman consul Lucius Cornelius Sulla. He ruled a kingdom that was a Roman protectorate but was removed three separate times by Mithridates before not only securing but actually increasing his lands under Pompey in the Third Mithridatic War. He abdicated to make way for the rule of his son Ariobarzanes II.
GS87950. Silver drachm, Simonetta Collection 9, Simonetta 6, SNG Cop 927, SNG Berry 1326, Cohen DCA 460 (94/93 B.C.), HGC 7 846, BMC Galatia -, VF/F, well centered, toned, bumps and scratches, weight 4.146 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 0o, Mazaka-Eusebeia (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, c. 93 - 92 B.C.; obverse diademed head right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ APIBAPZANY ΦIΛPΩMAIY (King Ariobarzanes, friend of the Romans), Athena Nikephoros standing left, Nike extending wreath in right hand, left hand on grounded shield and spear, monogram inner left, monogram inner right, Γ (year 3) in exergue; $125.00 (110.00)


Cappadocian Kingdom, Ariobarzanes I Philoromaios, 96 - 63 B.C.

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Ariobarzanes I was a Cappadocian nobleman of obscure Persian descent. After the Roman Senate rejected the claims of Ariarathes IX, he was made king through a vote of Cappadocian citizens and with the support of the Roman consul Lucius Cornelius Sulla. He ruled a kingdom that was a Roman protectorate but was removed three separate times by Mithridates before not only securing but actually increasing his lands under Pompey in the Third Mithridatic War. He abdicated to make way for the rule of his son Ariobarzanes II.
GS87952. Silver drachm, Simonetta 13a; Simonetta Collection 21b; SNGvA 6319; SNG Cop 149; Cohen DCA 460 (84/83 B.C.); HGC 7 846; BMC Cappadocia -, VF, toned, well centered, light marks, weight 4.108 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 0o, Mazaka-Eusebeia (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, 83 - 82 B.C.; obverse diademed head right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ APIOBAPZANOY ΦIΛOPΩMAIOY (King Ariobarzanes, friend of the Romans), Athena Nikephoros standing left, Nike crowning name with wreath in Athena's right hand, left hand on grounded shield and spear behind, monogram inner left, IΓ (year 13) in exergue; $125.00 (110.00)


Cappadocian Kingdom, Ariarathes V Eusebes Philopator, 163 - 130 B.C.

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Ariarathes V Eusebes Philopator reigned 33 years, and was perhaps the greatest king of Cappadocia. He was distinguished by his excellence of character and his cultivation of philosophy and the arts. Allied with Rome, according to Livy, he was educated there. When his throne was taken, Rome restored it to him. The year this coin was struck, Ariarathes V died in battle supporting Rome against Eumenes III of Pergamum. In return for his contribution to the Romans success in Pergamum, Lycaonia and Cilicia were added to the dominions of the Cappadocian Kingdom.
GS87954. Silver drachm, Simonetta Coll. p. 51, 31a (Ariarathes IV); Simonetta p. 24, 23b (same); SNGvA 6872; SNG Cop supp. 689 corr. (monogram); HGC 7 811; BMC Galatia -, VF, nice portrait, well centered, reverse die wear, light marks, weight 4.056 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 0o, Mazaka-Eusebeia (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, 130 B.C.; obverse diademed head right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ APIAPAΘOY EYΣEBOYΣ (King Ariarthes the Pious), Athena Nikephoros standing half left, head left, Nike crowning King's name in right hand, left hand on grounded spear and shield, monogram outer left, monogram inner left, ΓΛ (year 33) in exergue; $125.00 (110.00)


Cappadocian Kingdom, Ariobarzanes I Philoromaios, 96 - 63 B.C.

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Ariobarzanes I was a Cappadocian nobleman of obscure Persian descent. After the Roman Senate rejected the claims of Ariarathes IX, he was made king through a vote of Cappadocian citizens and with the support of the Roman consul Lucius Cornelius Sulla. He ruled a kingdom that was a Roman protectorate but was removed three separate times by Mithridates before not only securing but actually increasing his lands under Pompey in the Third Mithridatic War. He abdicated to make way for the rule of his son Ariobarzanes II.
GS87957. Silver drachm, Simonetta 28, Simonetta Collection 41, HGC 7 846 (S), Cohen DCA 460 (78-77 B.C.), BMC Galatia -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, VF, well centered and struck, light marks, edge cracks, weight 4.180 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, Mazaka-Eusebeia (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, c. 75 - 74 B.C.; obverse diademed head right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ APIOBAPZANOY ΦIΛPΩMAIY (King Ariobarzanes, friend of the Romans), Athena Nikephoros slightly left, head left, Nike offering wreath in Athena's right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield with spear behind, monogram inner left, KA (year 21) in exergue; $125.00 (110.00)


Cappadocian Kingdom, Ariobarzanes I Philoromaios, c. 96 - 63 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Ariobarzanes I was a Cappadocian nobleman of obscure Persian descent. After the Roman Senate rejected the claims of Ariarathes IX, he was made king through a vote of Cappadocian citizens and with the support of the Roman consul Lucius Cornelius Sulla. He ruled a kingdom that was a Roman protectorate but was removed three separate times by Mithridates before not only securing but actually increasing his lands under Pompey in the Third Mithridatic War. He abdicated to make way for the rule of his son Ariobarzanes II.
GS87953. Silver drachm, cf. Simonetta Collection 59; Simonetta 44b; SNGvA 6324; SNG Cop 157; BMC Galatia p. 40, 21; Cohen DCA 460; HGC 7 846, VF, light toning, slightly off center, small edge crack, weight 4.074 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 0o, Mazaka-Eusebeia (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, c. 66 - 65 B.C.; obverse diademed head right; reverse BAΣIΛEΣ APIBAPZANY ΦIΛPΩMAIY (King Ariobarzanes, friend of the Romans), Athena Nikephoros standing left, Nike left extending wreath in Athena's right hand, left hand on grounded shield and spear behind, monogram inner left, obscure date (Λ? = year 30) in exergue; $100.00 (88.00)


Cappadocian Kingdom, Ariobarzanes I Philoromaios, 96 - 63 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Ariobarzanes I was a Cappadocian nobleman of obscure Persian descent. After the Roman Senate rejected the claims of Ariarathes IX, he was made king through a vote of Cappadocian citizens and with the support of the Roman consul Lucius Cornelius Sulla. He ruled a kingdom that was a Roman protectorate but was removed three separate times by Mithridates before not only securing but actually increasing his lands under Pompey in the Third Mithridatic War. He abdicated to make way for the rule of his son Ariobarzanes II.
GS87956. Silver drachm, Simonetta Collection 53b, Simonetta 38e; cf. BMC Galatia p. 40, 23 (date off flan); Cohen DCA 460 (71/70 B.C.); HGC 7 846; SNGvA -, aVF, well centered, toned, light marks and scratches, weight 4.138 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 0o, Mazaka-Eusebeia (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, 68 - 67 B.C.; obverse diademed head right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ APIBAPZANY ΦIΛPΩMAIY (King Ariobarzanes, friend of the Romans), Athena Nikephoros slightly left, head left, Nike offering wreath in Athena's right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield with spear behind, monogram inner left, KH (year 28) in exergue; $100.00 (88.00)


Cappadocian Kingdom, Ariarathes X Eusebes Philadelphos, 42 - 36 B.C.

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Ariarathes X Eusebes Philadelphos (Pious, brother-loving) was the king of Cappadocia from c. 42 - 36 B.C. He was of Persian and Greek ancestry. His father was King Ariobarzanes II of Cappadocia and his mother was Queen Athenais. He became king after his brother Ariobarzanes III Philoromaios was killed. His rule did not last long as Mark Antony of Rome removed and executed him, replacing him with Sisines of Komana, who became Archelaus of Cappadocia.
GB83633. Bronze AE 15, HGC 856 (R2); Simonetta p. 48, 4 (uncertain attribution), F, encrustations, small flan, weight 2.584 g, maximum diameter 14.7 mm, die axis 0o, Mazaka-Eusebeia (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, 42 - 36 B.C.; obverse draped bust of Artemis left, wearing diadem, bow and quiver on shoulder; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ APIAPAΘOY, stag standing left; rare; $50.00 (44.00)


Eusebeia (Caesarea), Cappadocia, Time of Archelaus, King of Cappadocia, c. 36 B.C. - 17 A.D.

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Kayseri, Turkey was originally named Mazaca. It was renamed Eusebia by Ariarathes V Eusebes, King of Cappadocia, 163 - 130 B.C. The last king of Cappadocia, King Archelaus, renamed it "Caesarea in Cappadocia" to honor Caesar Augustus upon his death in 14 A.D. Muslim Arabs slightly modified the name into Kaisariyah, which became Kayseri when the Seljuk Turks took control, c. 1080 A.D.
GB67798. Bronze AE 20, SNGvA 6334, SGCV II 5703, SNG Cop 166 corr. (laureate head/fillets vice lion skin on club), BMC Galatia -, SNG Fitzwilliam -, F, weight 6.498 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, Cappadocia, Eusebeia-Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, c. 36 B.C. - 17 A.D.; obverse bare-headed bust of Herakles right, lion skin draped over shoulders; reverse EVΣE BEIAΣ, lion skin draped on club, monogram below; rare; $40.00 (35.20)







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REFERENCES

Cohen, E. Dated Coins of Antiquity: A comprehensive catalogue of the coins and how their numbers came about. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
Mrkholm, O. "The Coinages of Ariarathes VI and Arirathes VII of Cappadocia" in SNR 57 (1978).
Mrkholm, O. "The Coinages of Ariarathes VIII and Arirathes IX of Cappadocia" in Essays Robinson.
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Simonetta, B. The Coins of the Cappadocian Kings. Typos II. (Fribourg, 1977).
Simonetta, A.M. The coinage of the Cappadocian kings: a revision and a catalogue of the Simonetta Collection. Parthica 9. (2007).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 7: Cyprus to India. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Supplement, Acquisitions 1942-1996. (Vastervik, 2002).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock, Vol. 3: Pisidia, Lycaonia, Cilicia, Galatia, Cappadocia, etc.. (Berlin, 1964).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume IV, Fitzwilliam Museum, Leake and General Collections, Part 7: Asia Minor: Lycia-Cappadocia. (London, 1967).
Wroth, W. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Galatia, Cappadocia, and Syria. (London, 1899).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, July 17, 2019.
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Cappadocian Coins