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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Hellenistic Monarchies ▸ Indo-Greek KingdomsView Options:  |  |  | 

Indo-Greek Kingdoms

Alexander's successors in India became increasingly isolated and eventually became an island of Hellenic people, completely cut off from their western kinsman. Surrounded on all sides, they succumbed to the superior numbers of local people and disappeared from history.


Indo-Greek Kingdom, Menander I Soter, c. 155 - 130 B.C.

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Menander is the most important Greek king who ruled in India and the only Greek king mentioned in Indian literature. Tradition maintains he was a wise and powerful King, who converted to Buddhism. This is further evidenced by his later coin legends which translate, "follower of the Dharma."
WA79645. Silver drachm, SNG ANS 879, Mitchiner IGIS 218c, Bopearachchi Smithsonian 124, Bopearachchi 16I, HGC 12 193, SNG Cop -, gVF, attractive style, toned, reverse off center, light marks, weight 2.451 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 0o, Paropamisadai or Gandhara, uncertain mint, c. 155 - 130 B.C.; obverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ MENAN∆POY, draped bust right, wearing diadem and crested helmet ornamented with bull's horn and ear; reverse Kharosthi legend: Maharajasa Tratarasa Menadrasa (of Great King Menander the Savior), Athena Alkidemos standing left, brandishing thunderbolt in right hand, shield on left arm, Kharosthi monogram right; $160.00 (142.40)


Indo-Greek Kingdom, Menander, c. 155 - 130 B.C.

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Menander was in charge of the eastern Baktria, including modern Punjab and perhaps other regions deeper into Indian land. He expanded his influence further more into India where he is mentioned in several sources such as Milindanpanha and Mahavamsa, and an inscription on a reliquary. The tradition maintains that he was a wise and powerful King and that he converted to Buddhism. This is further evidenced by his later coin legends which translate to "follower of the Dharma."
Click here to see an Indian sculpture of a possible Greek King.
WA77216. Silver drachm, SNG ANS 808, SNG Cop 290, Bopearachchi Smithsonian 91, Bopearachchi 13O, Mitchiner IGIS 215f, HGC 12 191, gVF, dark toning, marks and scratches, porosity, reverse slightly off center, weight 2.390 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 0o, Paropamisadai or Gandhara, uncertain mint, c. 155 - 130 B.C.; obverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ MENAN∆POY, diademed and draped bust right; reverse Kharosthi legend: maharaja tratasa Menadrasa (of Great King Menander the Savior), Athena Alkidemos standing left, brandishing thunderbolt in right hand, shield on left arm, Kharosthi monogram lower right; $140.00 (124.60)


Indo-Greek Kingdom, Menander, c. 155 - 130 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Menander ruled eastern Baktria, including modern Punjab. He expanded his influence into India where he is mentioned in several sources such as Milindanpanha and Mahavamsa, and in an inscription on a reliquary. Tradition maintains he was a wise and powerful King and converted to Buddhism. This is evidenced by his later coin legends which translate to "follower of the Dharma".
WA77217. Silver drachm, SNG ANS 876, Mitchiner IGIS 218h, Bopearachchi 16G, HGC 12 193, Bopearachchi Smithsonian -, SNG Cop -, gVF, attractive style, well centered on a tight flan, dark old collection toning, light deposits, weight 2.439 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, Paropamisadai or Gandhara, uncertain mint, c. 155 - 130 B.C.; obverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ MENAN∆POY, draped bust right, wearing diadem and crested helmet ornamented with bull's horn and ear; reverse Kharosthi legend: maharaja tratasa Menadrasa (of Great King Menander the Savior), Athena Alkidemos standing left, brandishing thunderbolt in right hand, shield on left arm, Σ lower left, Kharosthi monogram lower right; $140.00 (124.60)


Indo-Greek Kingdom, Menander, c. 155 - 130 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Menander ruled eastern Baktria, including modern Punjab. He expanded his influence into India where he is mentioned in several sources such as Milindanpanha and Mahavamsa, and in an inscription on a reliquary. Tradition maintains he was a wise and powerful King and converted to Buddhism. This is evidenced by his later coin legends which translate to "follower of the Dharma".
WA79754. Silver drachm, SNG ANS 822, Mitchiner IGIS 215o, SNG Cop 293, Bopearachchi 13Q, Bopearachchi Smithsonian 98, HGC 12 191, SGCV II 7600, Choice VF, toned, toned, porous, minor edge cracks, weight 2.383 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 0o, Paropamisadai or Gandhara, uncertain mint, c. 155 - 130 B.C.; obverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ MENAN∆POY, diademed and draped bust of King right; reverse Kharosthi legend: maharaja tratasa Menadrasa (of Great King Menander the Savior), Athena standing left, wearing crested helmet, shield on left arm, brandishing thunderbolt in right hand, Kharosthi monogram left; $80.00 (71.20)







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REFERENCES

Bopearachchi, O. Indo-Greek, Indo-Scythian and Indo-Parthian Coins in the Smithsonian Institution. (Washington D.C., 1993).
Bopearachchi, O. Monnaies Grco-Bactriennes et Indo-Grecques. (Paris, 1991).
Bopearachchi, O & A. ur Rahman. Pre-Kushana Coins in Pakistan. (Karachi, 1995).
Lahiri, A.N. Corpus of Indo-Greek Coins. (Calcutta, 1965).
Mitchiner, M. Indo-Greek and Indo-Scythian Coinage. (London, 1975-1976).
Mitchiner, M. Oriental Coins: the Ancient and Classical World. (London, 1978).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 7: Cyprus to India. (New Jersey, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 9: Graeco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek Coins. (New York, 1998).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, February 22, 2017.
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Indo-Greek