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Home>Catalog>GreekCoins>HellenisticMonarchies>PonticKingdom PAGE 1/5123»»»

Pontic Kingdom


Amisos, Pontos, 85 - 65 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Amisos, the mythical home of the Amazons, was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of Pontus. The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the Byzantine Empire until it was captured by the Seljuks in 1200, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the north coast of Turkey.
GB70867. Bronze AE 22, SNG Cop 165; SNG BM Black Sea 1218; SNG Stancomb 704; Rec Gén p. 70, 38; HGC 7 244, F, weight 7.726 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos mint, Mithridatic War issue, 85 - 65 B.C.; obverse head of Amazon right, wearing wolf skin headdress; reverse Nike advancing right, extending wreath in right, palm frond over shoulder in left, star within crescent with horns up on left, AMI−ΣOY horizontal flanking across field; scarce; $250.00 (€187.50)

Amisos, Pontos, 85 - 65 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of Pontus. The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the Byzantine Empire after the fall of Rome. In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the north coast of Turkey.
GB70580. Bronze AE 22, SNG BM 1221 ff.; SNG Cop 134; SNG Stancomb 705; BMC Pontus p. 15, 24; SNGvA 56 var (monogram), aEF, flan adjustment marks, weight 8.286 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos mint, under Mithradates VI of Pontos, 85 - 65 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse eagle standing on thunderbolt, head turned back, open wings, monogram left; $160.00 (€120.00)

Pharnakeia, Pontos, 85 - 65 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Pharnakeia (Giresun, Turkey today) was founded on the Black Sea coast as Kerasous by residents of Kotyora. The city was renamed Pharnakeia, by Pharnaces I of Pontus after he captured the city in 183 B.C., and it was called by that name as late as the second century A.D. The inhabitants lived mostly on fishing but also mined ore and cut timber in the adjacent mountain areas. During his war against Sulla, Mithradates' sisters resided in the city.

According to Pliny, the cherry was first exported from Pharnakeia to Europe in Roman times. The English word cherry, French cerise, and Spanish cereza, and Latin cerasus, were all derived from original name of the city, Kerasous.
GB66854. Bronze AE 20, Rec Gén p. 138, 4; SNG BM 1278; SNG Cop 224, gVF, weight 8.220 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 0o, Pharnakeia mint, under Mithradates VI of Pontos, 85 - 65 B.C.; obverse laureate bearded head of Zeus right; reverse eagle standing left, head right, wings open, monogram left, ΦAPNAKEIAΣ below; rare city; $150.00 (€112.50)



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REFERENCES

Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P.P. Ripollès. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (1992 and supplement).
Prokopov, I. Coin Collections and Coin Hoards From Bulgaria, Volume I.. (Sofia, 2007).
Price, M. J. The Coinage of in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. (London, 1991).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 4: Bosporus - Lesbos. (New Jersey, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock. (Berlin, 1957-1967).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume V, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, Part 9: Bosporus - Aeolis. (London. 2008).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume IX, British Museum, Part 1: The Black Sea. (London, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume XI, The William Stancomb Collection of Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Oxford, 2000).
Wroth, Warwick. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Pontus, Paphlagonia, Bithynia. (London, 1889).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, July 29, 2014.
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Pontic Kingdom