An enigmatic and very rare coin with unusual curious types.
SH71879. Bronze AE 12, SNG BM Black Sea 984; SNG Stancomb 653; Lindgren III 154; HGC 7 317, EF, light earth over dark green patina, weight 1.544 g, maximum diameter 11.7 mm, Pontos, uncertain mint, 130 - 100 B.C.; obverse horse-head right, with star of eight points and central pellet on neck; reverse comet star of seven points, central pellet, and tail to right; very rare; $250.00 (€187.50)
Amisos, Pontos, 85 - 65 B.C.
Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of Pontus. The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the Byzantine Empire after the fall of Rome. In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the north coast of Turkey.
GB70580. Bronze AE 22, SNG BM 1221 ff.; SNG Cop 134; SNG Stancomb 705; BMC Pontus p. 15, 24; SNGvA 56 var (monogram), aEF, flan adjustment marks, weight 8.286 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos mint, under Mithradates VI of Pontos, 85 - 65 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverseeagle standing on thunderbolt, head turned back, open wings, monogram left; $160.00 (€120.00)
Pharnakeia, Pontos, 85 - 65 B.C.
Pharnakeia (Giresun, Turkey today) was founded on the Black Sea coast as Kerasous by residents of Kotyora. The city was renamed Pharnakeia, by Pharnaces I of Pontus after he captured the city in 183 B.C., and it was called by that name as late as the second century A.D. The inhabitants lived mostly on fishing but also mined ore and cut timber in the adjacent mountain areas. During his war against Sulla, Mithradates' sisters resided in the city.
According to Pliny, the cherry was first exported from Pharnakeia to Europe in Roman times. The English word cherry, French cerise, and Spanish cereza, and Latin cerasus, were all derived from original name of the city, Kerasous.
GB66854. Bronze AE 20, Rec Gén p. 138, 4; SNG BM 1278; SNG Cop 224, gVF, weight 8.220 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 0o, Pharnakeia mint, under Mithradates VI of Pontos, 85 - 65 B.C.; obverse laureate bearded head of Zeus right; reverseeagle standing left, head right, wings open, monogram left, ΦAPNAKEIAΣ below; rare city; $135.00 (€101.25)
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