Amisos, Pontos, 85 - 65 B.C.
Amisos, the mythical home of the Amazons, was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of . The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the until it was captured by the Seljuks in 1200, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the coast of Turkey.SH73961. Bronze AE 21,
Pontic Kingdom, Mithradates VI, c. 120 - 63 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Mithradates VI (the Great) was of in northern Anatolia from about 119 to 63 B.C. He was of both Greek and Persian origin, claiming descent from both Alexander the Great and Darius I of . Mithradates is remembered as one of Rome's most formidable and successful enemies, who engaged three of the most prominent generals of the late Roman Republic in the so-called Mithridatic Wars: , Lucullus, and . On this coin, minted in the name of Alexander but with his own portrait replacing that of (Alexander), Mithradates VI presents himself as Alexander's successor, the "defender" of , and the "great liberator" of the Greek world. His propaganda translated the Romans into "barbarians," as the Persian Empire was during Alexander's campaign. How many Greeks genuinely bought into this claim will never be known but it served its purpose. At least partially because of it, Mithradates VI was able to fight the First War with Rome on Greek soil, and maintain the allegiance of . His campaign for the allegiance of the Greeks was aided in no small by his enemy , who allowed his troops to sack and plunder many of the city's most famous treasures to finance his military expenses. Mithridates likely issued this during the second Mithridatic War to pay Scythian and Thracian mercenaries. After Mithradates VI was at last defeated by Pompey and in danger of capture by Rome, he attempted suicide. The poison failed because he had taken daily doses to build immunity. He then made his bodyguard and friend, Bituitus, kill him with a sword.
Pontic Kingdom, Mithradates VI, c. 120 - 63 B.C., Chabakta, Pontos
Chabakta was an important town within the territory of Amisos. Quite a few towns first struck coins under Mithradates VI, including Amaseia, Abonutheichos, Chabakta, , Laodiceia, and Taulara. The cities issued the same types indicating central control over the mints.GB76323. Bronze AE 23,
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