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Pontic Kingdom, Mithradates VI, c. 120 - 63 B.C., Chabakta, Pontos
Chabakta was an important town within the territory of Amisos. Quite a few towns first struck coins under Mithradates VI, including Amaseia, Abonutheichos, Chabakta, Comana, Laodiceia, and Taulara. The cities issued the same types indicating central control over the mints.GB76955. Bronze AE 24, SNG Stancomb 714; SNG BM 1258; SNG Cop IV 204; Rec Gen p. 77, 1; BMC Pontus -; SNGvA -; Laffaille -, aVF, well centered, uneven green patina, weight 10.718 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 0o, Chabakta mint, c. 100 - 70 B.C.; obversehead of Perseus right, wearing Phrygian helmet with griffin's head crest and diadem; reverse Pegasos grazing left, monogram left, XABAKTΩN in exergue; very rare; $140.00 (€119.00)
Amisos, Pontos, 100 - 85 B.C.
Mithradates VI was king of Pontus c. 120 - 63 B.C. Mithradates is was one of Rome's most formidable and successful enemies. He engaged three of the most prominent generals of the late Roman Republic in the Mithridatic Wars: Sulla, Lucullus, and Pompey the Great. After Mithradates VI was defeated by Pompey.GB83917. Bronze 12 nummi, SNG BM 1163; SNG Stancomb 681; BMC Pontus p. 17, 49; SNGvA 64 var. (monograms), VF, dark patina with highlighting red earthen fill, tight flan, obverse off center but full face on flan, scratches, weight 8.818 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, c. 100 - 85 B.C.; obversehead of Ares right in crested helmet; reverse sword in sheath with strap, AMI−ΣOY divided across field, star within crescent upper left, monogram lower left, another monogram upper right; $90.00 (€76.50)
Pharnakeia, Pontos, 85 - 65 B.C.
Pharnakeia (Giresun, Turkey today) was founded on the Black Sea coast as Kerasous by residents of Kotyora. The city was renamed Pharnakeia, by Pharnaces I of Pontus after he captured the city in 183 B.C., and it was called by that name as late as the second century A.D. The inhabitants lived mostly on fishing but also mined ore and cut timber in the adjacent mountain areas. During his war against Sulla, Mithradates' sisters resided in the city.
According to Pliny, the cherry was first exported from Pharnakeia to Europe in Roman times. The English word cherry, French cerise, and Spanish cereza, and Latin cerasus, were all derived from original name of the city, Kerasous.GB66854. Bronze AE 20, SNG Stancomb 724; SNG BM 1279; Rec Gen p. 138, 4; SNG Cop 224, gVF, weight 8.220 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 0o, Pharnakeia mint, under Mithradates VI of Pontos, 85 - 65 B.C.; obverse laureate bearded head of Zeus right; reverseeagle standing left, head right, wings open, monogram left, ΦAPNAKEIAΣ below; rare city; $80.00 (€68.00)
Amisos, Pontos, c. 120 - 100 B.C., Time of Mithradates VI Eupator
Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of Pontus. The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the Byzantine Empire after the fall of Rome. In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the north coast of Turkey.GB67881. Bronze AE 26, BMC Pontus p. 20, 80, SNG Ashmolean 65, SNG Stancomb 669, SNG BM 1135, SNG Cop 131, SNGvA 58, HGC 7 236 (S), aVF, weight 20.171 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, c. 120 - 100 B.C.; obversehead right, wearing bashlyk; reverse AMI−ΣOY, quiver with strap; scarce; $40.00 (€34.00)
Pontic Kingdom, Mithradates VI Eupator the Great, c. 120 - 63 B.C., Anonymous Coinage
Mithradates VI Megas (the Great) was king of Pontus in northern Anatolia from about 119 to 63 B.C. He was of both Greek and Persian origin, claiming descent from both Alexander the Great and King Darius I of Persia. Mithradates is remembered as one of Rome's most formidable and successful enemies, who engaged three of the most prominent generals of the late Roman Republic in the so-called Mithridatic Wars: Sulla, Lucullus, and Pompey the Great. After Mithradates VI was at last defeated by Pompey and in danger of capture by Rome, he attempted suicide. The poison failed because he had taken daily doses to build immunity. He then made his bodyguard and friend, Bituitus, kill him by the sword. GB84575. Bronze AE 26, cf. HGC 7 310 (S), SNG Stancomb 649, SNG BM 973, SNG Cop 232 (all SNG refs. with same countermarks, none with this monogram), gF, dark patina, thick heavy flan as usual for the type, bumps and marks, light corrosion, weight 19.920 g, maximum diameter 25.6 mm, uncertain (Amisos?) mint, c. 120 - 100 B.C.; obverse male head left in a satrapal leather bashlik cap; countermarks: helmet in round punch, gorgoneion in round punch, fulmen (thunderbolt) in a rectangular punch; reversestar of eight rays, bow facing inward, monogram between rays; scarce; $40.00 (€34.00)
Amisos, Pontos, c. 100 - 85 B.C.
Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of Pontus. The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the Byzantine Empire after the fall of Rome. In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the north coast of Turkey.GB72621. Brass AE 19, SNG BM 1148; SNG Stancomb 676; SNG Cop 148; SNGvA 64; BMC Pontus p. 17, 40; SGCV II 3643; HGC 7 241, aVF, weight 7.414 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, c. 100 - 85 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of young Ares right; reverse AMI−ΣOY, sword in sheath with strap; $32.00 (€27.20)
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